Sierra Leone

Driving Directions Sierra Leone

SIERRA LEONE, a republic on the Atlantic coast of West Africa, is bounded by Guinea to the north and east and Liberia to the southwest. The country possesses a fine natural harbor where the capital and major port of Freetown is situated.

A range of mountains, the Sierra Lyon, rise above the capital on the Freetown Peninsula. However, elsewhere, the coastal plain is up to 110 kilometers or 70 miles wide, rising to a plateau and then mountains that are part of the Guinea Highlands Massif. The highest peaks are just under 2,000 meters or 6,562 feet. Eight rivers and many streams descend from the higher ground.

Read more


Driving Directions Senegal

SENEGAL is a former French colony in West Africa that extends from the most western point in Africa, Cape Verde, to the border with Mali. The Republic of Senegal consists mainly of a low-lying savannah plain with high­er ground only in the extreme southeast. The Fouta Djallon Mountains in the south rise to 1,515 meters or 4,971 feet. The River Senegal forms the northern boundary, and other rivers further south include the Gambia.

Read more

São Tomé and Príncipe

Driving Directions São Tomé and Príncipe

SÁO TOMÉ AND PRÍNCIPE are volcanic islands that lie off the west coast of Africa. The islands were colonized in the 15th century by the Portuguese, who developed a slave trade, grew sugar cane, and set­tled convicts and other exiles on the islands.

São Tomé is covered in extinct volcanic cones reaching heights of 2,024 meters or 6,641 feet. The coastal areas are hot and humid. Príncipe is a craggy island lying to the northeast of Sáo Tomé.

Read more


Driving Directions Rwanda

RWANDA is a small, landlocked republic in the heart of central Africa. Its predominant feature is a central high plateau with an average eleva­tion of about 2,000 meters or 6,000 feet from which streams flow west to the River Congo and east to the River Nile.

High mountains rising to 4,507 meters or 14,786 feet dominate the north and west of the coun­try sloping downwards to Lake Kivu’s basin on the western border. East of the plateau, the land drops downwards to a region of marshes and lakes surrounding the River Kagera.

Read more