|Borderline map of Gambia||Location map of Gambia||Flag of Gambia|
Google maps and detailed facts of Gambia (GM). This page enables you to explore Gambia and its border countries (Country location: Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and Senegal) through detailed Satellite imagery – fast and easy as never before Google maps.
Find comprehensive information below about this country in its diversity: Google maps, geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government, and history – All in One Wiki page.
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Gambia Google maps™
The map below shows Gambia with its cities, towns, highways, main roads, streets, and also providing Street Views. To find a location, use the form below, type any city or place, and to view, just a simple map click on the “Show map” button.
The Google map above is showing Gambia with its location: Africa (geographic coordinates: 13 28 N, 16 34 W) and the international borders of Gambia; total: 749 km. Border countries (total: 1): Senegal 749 km; furthermore, it’s inland counties boundaries.
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About Gambia in detail
Where is Gambia?
Gambia, in case, if you are looking on the map under the Coordinates 13 27 N 16 34 W otherwise in Africa, in Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and Senegal.
What is the capital city of Gambia?
The capital city of Gambia is: Banjul.
What is the time in Banjul?
It is 5 hours ahead of Washington, D.C. during Standard Time, the timezone of Banjul is: UTC 0.
What is the Internet code for Gambia?
The Top Level Domain (TLD) for Gambia is: .gm
What is the size of Gambia?
The territory of Gambia is total: 11,300 sq km; land: 10,120 sq km, water: 1,180 sq km.
If we want to describe the size of the territory of Gambia is slightly less than twice the size of Delaware.
If we would like to walk around and discover Gambia, we can do that by covering a distance of total: 749 km.
What is the water coverage of Gambia?
We have already mentioned on this website, that what percentage of Gambia is covered by water (see below), and this includes 80 km coastline.
What is the climate like in Gambia?
The climate of Gambia is tropical: hot, rainy season (June to November): cooler, dry season (November to May).
Geographical data of Gambia
The elevation of Gambia; mean elevation: 34 m, elevation extremes; lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m, highest point: unnamed elevation 53 m.
The typical geographical details of Gambia include flood plain of the Gambia River flanked by some low hills.
If we would like to describe the countries location from a different point of view, it is safe to say, and easy to read from a map, Gambia is almost an enclave of Senegal; smallest country in Africa.
Resources and land use of Gambia
The country’s main mined products are fish, clay, silica sand, titanium (rutile and ilmenite), tin, zircon. The population partly uses the earlier highlighted land territory and partly left in its natural state: agricultural land: 56.1%; arable land 41%; permanent crops 0.5%; permanent pasture 14.6%; forest: 43.9%; other: 0% (2011 estimate).
Population data of Gambia
The number of inhabitants of Gambia is 2,009,648 (July 2016 estimate).
If we examine the proportion of the population distribution, it is safe to say that N/A.
If we are looking at the proportion of the urbanized and barely populated areas, these are the figures: urban population: 59.6% of the total population (2015).
Most of the population in Gambia is concentrated in BANJUL (capital) 504,000 (2015).
Ethnicity in Gambia
According to ethnicity details, the ethnic groups in this country are the following: Mandinka/Jahanka 33.8%, Fulani/Tukulur/Lorobo 22.1%, Wollof 12.2%, Jola/Karoninka 10.9%, Serahuleh 7%, Serere 3.2%, Manjago 2.1%, Bambara 1%, Creole/Aku Marabout 0.8%, other 0.9%, non-Gambian 5.2%, no answer 0.7% (2013 estimate).
Spoken languages in Gambia
The spoken languages in Gambia are the following: English (official language), Mandinka, Wolof, Fula, other indigenous vernaculars.
What are the most important religions in Gambia?
During the general census, researchers examine the churches, according to this: Muslim 95.7%, Christian 4.2%, none 0.1%, no answer 0.1% (2013 estimate).
Further population data of Gambia
The proportion of gender and age tells a lot about the society as follows 0-14 years: 37.88% (male 382,215 / female 379,029) 15-24 years: 20.64% (male 204,979 / female 209,866) 25-54 years: 33.92% (male 333,875 / female 347,779) 55-64 years: 4.14% (male 39,978 / female 43,177) 65 years and over: 3.42% (male 32,011 / female 36,739) (2016 estimate). It also a significant factor in a society the population growth rate, which in the case of Gambia is 2.11% (2016 estimate).
The population growth rate based on two elements, the birth, and the death rate. In Gambia the birth rate is 30.1 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate), the death rate 7.1 deaths / 1,000 population (2016 estimate).
In this day and age in developed societies, the first child borns later compared to the previous centuries and decades, so childbearing is extended. In Gambia, the average age of mothers at the first childbirth is .
In the best-case scenario, although the birth of the children postponed, the parents are still able to see their kids grow as life expectancy also extended. In the case of Gambia, these figures are. With the introduction of modern medicine, vaccinations, and the proper hygienic conditions, the infant mortality rate is in a steep decline. The infant mortality statistics in Gambia are the following: . Relevant data is the budget of healthcare, which is in the case of this country is 7.3% of GDP (2014).
Economic data of Gambia
If we would like to describe a country, we also have to mention its economy; The government has invested strongly in the agriculture sector because three-quarters of the population depends on the sector for its livelihood and agriculture provides for another one-fifth of GDP. The agricultural sector has untapped potential – less tThe Gambia has sparse natural resource deposits and a limited agricultural base. It relies heavily on remittances from workers overseas and tourist receipts. Remittance inflows to The Gambia amount to about one-fifth of the country’s GDP. The Gambia’s natEconomic progress depends on sustained bilateral and multilateral aid, on responsible government economic management, and on continued technical assistance from multilateral and bilateral donors. International donors and lenders continue to be concerned a.
GDP is a prominent figure, as all the relevant calculations and statistics based on it. GDP in Gambia is $886 million (2015 estimate).
Another important indicator is the rate of the GDP growth, which in Gambia is 2.3% (2016 estimate) 4.4% (2015 estimate) -0.2% (2014 estimate).
These statistics are affecting the world economy; remember in 2015, when the Chinese real GDP growth rate was worse than expected; The world markets fall, and the Chinese stock exchange temporally suspended.
A further major factor of a country’s economy, the GDP per capita. In Gambia this is $1,700 (2016 estimate) $1,700 (2015 estimate) $1,600 (2014 estimate).
In the case of the economy, the Trinity is in common places, such as agriculture, industry, and services.
What are the agricultural products Gambia produces?
The main agricultural products of Gambia are rice, millet, sorghum, peanuts, corn, sesame, cassava (manioc, tapioca), palm kernels; cattle, sheep, goats.
Regarding the economy, the important segments are peanuts, fish, hides, tourism, beverages, agricultural machinery assembly, woodworking, metalworking, clothing. The crucial and regularly mentioned GDP is based on peanuts, fish, hides, tourism, beverages, agricultural machinery assembly, woodworking, metalworking, clothing.
Drinking water source in Gambia
It is important to mention, that – thanks to the development of the infrastructure -, the rate of potable water improved: urban: 94.2% of the population, rural: 84.4% of the population, total: 90.2% of the population. Unimproved: urban: 5.8% of the population, rural: 15.6% of the population, total: 9.8% of the population (2015 estimate).
The average number of childbirth in Gambia
In Gambia, the average number of delivery is 3.63 children born / woman (2016 estimate).
Population, median age, migration, and citizenship in Gambia
The average age of the population is total: 20.7 years; male: 20.4 years, female: 21 years (2016 estimate). The age of adulthood varies in every country of the world in Gambia it is 18 years of age, universal.
In this age, when we are experiencing an unprecedented scale of migration and globalization, it is an important factor the number of new coming immigrants. In Gambia is -2 migrant(s) / 1,000 population (2016 estimate). It is important to know, how to apply for citizenship: citizenship by birth: yes. Citizenship by descent: yes. Dual citizenship recognized: no. Residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years.
Is Gambia a safe destination? Healthcare services and infectious diseases in Gambia
Many of the travelers are looking into the healthcare services and infectious diseases of their destinations. In Gambia density of the hospital beds is 1.1 beds / 1,000 population (2011).
According to WHO rating regarding contagious diseases in Gambia the degree of risk: very highfood or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fevervectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue feverwater contact disease: schistosomiasisrespiratory disease: meningococcal meningitisanimal contact disease: rabies (2016).
However, HIV is not curable but maintainable. Let’s do not forget when the disease surfaced it was a world threatening condition. Unfortunately, in some countries, it is still very high the number of infected patients and fatalities as a result of the disease.
In Gambia the number of HIV/AIDS deaths: N/A.
Regarding tourism obesity, not an important issue, but we have to mention among the health statistics, as it is the plague of the 20th and the 21st century. The rate of obese adults in Gambia is 9.1% (2014).
What are the natural hazards in Gambia? Is there any?
The most known natural risks in Gambia are drought (rainfall has dropped by 30% in the last 30 years).
More interesting facts about Gambia
A few words about the past, as every country and society, is connected to its history; The Gambia gained its independence from the UK in 1965. Geographically surrounded by Senegal, it formed a short-lived Confederation of Senegambia between 1982 and 1989. In 1991 the two nations signed a friendship and cooperation treaty, but tensions have flared up intermittently since then. Yahya JAMMEH led a military coup in 1994 that overthrew the president and banned political activity. A new constitution and presidential election in 1996, followed by parliamentary balloting in 1997, completed a nominal return to civilian rule. JAMMEH was elected president in all subsequent elections including most recently in late 2011. A presidential election is scheduled for December 2016.
In every nation’s memory, some cornerstones placed the country on the timeline of history. The date of declaration of independence of Gambia: 18 February 1965 (from the UK).
The flag and other symbols of Gambia
The colors, symbols, and animals on the flag usually have a historical background or related to an important milestone or memory of the nation.
This case is not an exception either, three equal horizontal bands of red (top), blue with white edges, and green; red stands for the sun and the savannah, blue represents the Gambia River, and green symbolizes forests and agriculture; the white stripes denote unity and peace.
Apart from the flag, the symbol of national unity is the national anthem. The primary purpose of the anthem is to share the nation’s core values, endeavors, and patriotic feelings.
National symbols of Gambia: lion; national colors: red, blue, green, white.
Constitution of Gambia
The existence of the nation based on the constitution. Some constitutions knew around the world, like the U.S. Constitution that accepted on 17th of September 1787, in Philadelphia, the Constitution of the United States of America.
It is not related to the declaration of independence that was stolen by Nicolas Cage in the movie National Treasure 🙂
What is the legal system of Gambia?
Most of the time, the legal system of a country is in the focus of lawyers. It is a common fact that there are two main approaches in the world, “the law in books” and “the law in action.”
In the Anglo-Saxon world, the practice is the “law in action” while in the rest of the world where the law based on Roman law, the “law in books.”
The legal system of Gambia is mixed legal system of English common law, Islamic law, and customary law.
It was Aristotle who founded the Theory of 3 separations of powers. In his view, these are the council of public affairs, the magistrates, and the justice system. In the age of enlightenment was the time when terminologies have defined the way we still use them. In most democratic countries, the three authorities separated from each other. In dictatorships, the authorities usually interweaved in one hand.
About the legislative branch of Gambia, we can highlight the following structures unicameral National Assembly (53 seats; 48 members directly elected in single-seat constituencies by simple majority vote and 5 appointed by the president; members serve 5-year terms)elections: last held on 29 March 2012 (next to be held in 2017)election results: percent of vote by party – APRC 51.8%, NRP 9.4%, independent 38.8%; seats by party – APRC 42, NRP 2, independent 4.
About the unemployment rate, labor force, and poverty line in Gambia
One of the major problems of the 21st-century economy is unemployment. Governments are struggling to maintain a low level of unemployment rate. Still, as a result of automation, the cheap 3rd world labor and the outsourcing of workflow, these attempts are failing. In Gambia the labor force is 777,100 (2007 estimate). Please bear in mind that the population in Gambia is total: 62 deaths / 1,000 live births; male: 67.4 deaths / 1,000 live births, female: 56.5 deaths / 1,000 live births (2016 estimate) – as we already mentioned above.
The rate of unemployment in Gambia is N/A %.
Widely known that the gap between the rich and poor is widening on an enormous scale.
According to the 2017 shocking Oxfam report, the richest eight people’s fortune is equal to the wealth of the poorest half of the world’s population.
In Gambia, the income of the households and consumption compared to the entire population: lowest 10%: 2% highest 10%: 36.9% (2003).
Another widely used indicator is the so-called GINI index, which measures the inequalities of statistical dispersion, but mainly used for measuring the sharing of income and fortune.
The GINI index named after its founder Corrado Gini, an Italian economist. Gini index has grades between 0-1, but often it is used on a percentage basis. It is 0 if the examined criteria territorial distribution is equal. It is one of the criteria concentrated on the territory. In Gambia, the GINI index is .50,2 (1998).
The states usually set up a poverty line, which is more or less, is a subjective measure. It varies by country; its base is often the minimum pension, the incomes of the most deficient 20 percent, the X percent of income per capita Etc.
In Gambia, the people living under the poverty line are the lowest 10%: 2% highest 10%: 36.9% (2003).
About the budget and central governments debt of Gambia
The available budget mainly defines the state’s economy. The budget of Gambia is; revenues: $231.5 million, expenditures: $323.6 million (2016 estimate). Taxes and other revenues are 26.1% of GDP (2016 estimate).
The budget deficit (Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)) is .
The fiscal year in Gambia is the calendar year.
In the country’s economy, we have to consider the public debt. Public debt is the consolidated sum of the state’s local, federal, and central government debt.
Inflation rate and prime lending rate in Gambia
A few further interesting and relevant economic data are the following; Inflation rate: 7.4% (2016 estimate), 6.9% (2015 estimate), and the rate of the Commercial bank prime lending rate: 30.6% (31 December 2016 estimate).
Export/import partners and data of Gambia
Gambia, with the export of products, industrial tools, and other services, generates revenue. The export value in Gambia is: $120 million (2016 estimate), $113.2 million (2015 estimate). The total revenue of these activities: peanut products, fish, cotton lint, palm kernels.
The most important imported products are foodstuffs, manufactures, fuel, machinery and transport equipment, and the countries from where the import is coming: China 34.2%, Brazil 8.1%, Senegal 6.9%, India 5.7%, Netherlands 4.8% (2015).
Renewable energies used in Gambia
As an attempt to suppress the pollution of the environment, renewable energies have to replace fossil energy. The more the proportion of renewable energies in a country means more effort against the pollution. Gambia, the indicator of how much of the country’s produced energy coming from the hydroelectric source, is 0% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
To indicate how much another renewable energy produced is 0% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
Telecommunication data of Gambia, calling code
To maintain the economy, the development of a reliable and modern telecommunications infrastructure is crucial. We can say the following about Gambia; adequate microwave radio relay and open-wire network; state-owned Gambia Telecommunications partially privatized in 2007domestic: combined fixed-line and mobile-cellular teledensity, aided by multiple mobile-cellular providers, is roughly 130 per 100 persons international: country code – 220; microwave radio relay links to Senegal and Guinea-Bissau; a landing station for the Africa Coast to Europe (ACE) undersea fiber-optic cable completed in 2011 and launched in 2012; satellite earth station – 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean) (2015).
Transport infrastructure in Gambia
In the 21st century, we often say that the world has become small and there are no distances anymore. With widespread air travel when (sometimes) there are no visa restrictions, it is easy to reach other countries, but in case the distance is not too long, we can also use railway or water transportation.
The number of airports in Gambia: 1 (2013), and the number of heliports: N/A.
The total length of the roadways in Gambia: total: 3,740 km, paved: 711 km, unpaved: 3,029 km (2011).
The total length of the waterways in Gambia: 390 km (on River Gambia; small oceangoing vessels can reach 190 km) (2010).
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Facts & data about Gambia
Name of the country: conventional long form: Republic of The Gambia, conventional short form: The Gambia, etymology: named for the Gambia River that flows through the heart of the country.
|Abbrevation: Gambia||Geographic coordinates:|
13 28 N, 16 34 W
|Country location: Africa|
|Capital of Gambia: Banjul||GPS of the Capital:|
13 27 N 16 34 W
|Position: Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and Senegal|
|Land area: total: 11,300 sq km; land: 10,120 sq km, water: 1,180 sq km||Terrain: flood plain of the Gambia River flanked by some low hills||Area comparative: slightly less than twice the size of Delaware|
|Population: 2,009,648 (July 2016 estimate)||Population grow rate: 2.11% (2016 estimate)||Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s) / female, 0-14 years: 1.01 male(s) / female, 15-24 years: 0.98 male(s) / female, 25-54 years: 0.96 male(s) / female, 55-64 years: 0.93 male(s) / female, 65 years and over: 0.88 male(s) / female, total population: 0.98 male(s) / female (2016 estimate)|
|Exports: $120 million (2016 estimate), $113.2 million (2015 estimate)||Imports: $363.9 million (2016 estimate), $365.1 million (2015 estimate)||Import partners: China 34.2%, Brazil 8.1%, Senegal 6.9%, India 5.7%, Netherlands 4.8% (2015)|
|Urbanization: urban population: 59.6% of the total population (2015)||Major urban area(s): BANJUL (capital) 504,000 (2015)||Median age: total: 20.7 years; male: 20.4 years, female: 21 years (2016 estimate)|
|Internet users: total: 337,000. Percent of the population: 17.1% (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (fixed lines): total subscriptions: 45,000. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 2 (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (mobile, cellular): total: 2.586 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 131 (July 2015 estimate)|
|Unemployment rate: N/A %||Nationality: Gambian(s) adjective: Gambian||National holidays: Independence Day, 18 February (1965)|
|Life expectancy at birth: total population: 64.9 years. Male: 62.5 years, female: 67.3 years (2016 estimate)||Total fertility rate: 3.63 children born / woman (2016 estimate)||Birthrate: 30.1 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate)|
|Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write. Total population: 55.5%; male: 63.9%, female: 47.6% (2015 estimate)||Legal system: mixed legal system of English common law, Islamic law, and customary law||Suffrage: 18 years of age, universal|
|Industries: peanuts, fish, hides, tourism, beverages, agricultural machinery assembly, woodworking, metalworking, clothing||Industrial production growth rate: 1.2% (2016 estimate)||GDP real growth rate: 2.3% (2016 estimate) 4.4% (2015 estimate) -0.2% (2014 estimate)|
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