Driving Directions Georgia
GEORGIA, a republic in the southwest of the former USSR, gained full independence from Russia in 1991. It shares borders with Turkey, Armenia, Azerbaijan, and the Russian Federation and is bounded to the west by the Black Sea. The country incorporates the breakaway republic of Abkhazia, as well as the semi-autonomous regions of Adzharia and South Ossetia. It consists of a coastal plain and low-lying river valleys sandwiched between two high mountain ranges – the Great Caucasus in the north and the Lesser Caucasus in the south.
The climate on the coast is moist and warm, while inland, it is dry, with hot summers and cold winters. Glaciers and snowfields occur on the highest peaks of the Caucasus Mountains, and about one-third of the country is forested, with conifers on the mountain slopes and deciduous species lower down. Wildlife includes deer, lynx, wolf, wild boar, and eagle.
Driving Directions Germany
GERMANY is a large populous country in northern central Europe, which comprises the former East and West German Republics, reunified in 1990. In the north, lies the North German Plain, which merges with the North Rhineland in the west. Further south, a plateau that stretches across the country from east to west, is divided by the River Rhine. In the southwest, the Black Forest Mountains, or Schwarzwald, separate the Rhine Valley from the fertile valleys and scarp lands of Swabia. The Bavarian Forest is in the southeast, approaching the border with the Czech Republic. The Bohemian Uplands and Erz Mountains mark the border with the Czech Republic. The beautiful River Danube, the second-longest river in Europe, rises in the Bavarian Alps and crosses most of southern Germany.
The Rhine has several large and important tributaries, including the Neckar, Main, Lahn, Mosel, Ruhr, and Lippe, and is a major navigable waterway used for the transportation of considerable amounts of freight. Because of heavy industrial development along much of the length of the Rhine valley, there are considerable problems with water pollution. Efforts continue to make, however, to address this situation and to improve water quality.
Driving Directions Ghana
GHANA located on the southern coast of West Africa between Cote d’Ivoire and Togo. In 1957, as the former British Gold Coast, it became the first black African state to achieve independence from European colonial rule.
The country has palm-fringed beaches of white sand along the Gulf of Guinea, and where the great River Volta meets the sea, there are peaceful blue lagoons. A coastal, grassy plain gives way to a dense jungle in the southwest and savannah country and woodland in the interior and north.
There is a range of modest-sized mountains (up to 900 meters or 2,950 feet) along the eastern border with Togo. The landscape becomes harsh and barren near the border with Burkina Faso in the far north. Forested areas have been greatly reduced and cleared during the 20th century, although some efforts made to halt this process.
Driving Directions Gibraltar
Its strategic importance, guarding as it makes the western approaches to the Mediterranean and separated from Morocco by the narrow Straits of Gibraltar, has meant that it has had a fascinating human history stretching back over thousands of years to Neolithic times.
Driving Directions Greece
GREECE or the Hellenic Republic consists of a mainland portion and more than 1,400 islands. Mainland Greece occupies the southernmost portion of the Balkans Peninsula and shares borders with Albania in the northwest, with Macedonia (FYROM) and Bulgaria in the north and with Turkey in the northeast. The Aegean Sea lies to the east, the Mediterranean Sea to the south, and the Ionian Sea to the west.
The Ionian Islands (lonioi Nisoi), including Corfu (Kerkira), lie off the coast of the western mainland in the Ionian Sea. The remaining Greek islands scattered throughout the Aegean Sea. They include the Cyclades (Kikladhes) group in the southeast, Crete (Kriti) in the south, the Dodecanese group (Dhodhekanisos), including Rhodes (Rodhos), just west of mainland Turkey, the northern Aegean Islands, such a Thásos, Limnos and Lésvós, and the Northern Sporades (Voriai Sporhadhes), situated off the eastern coast of Greece. In general, the islands are quite arid, hilly, and stony with thin soils that are difficult to cultivate.
Driving Directions Greenland
GREENLAND (Kalaallit Nunaat) is the largest island in the world (discounting continental landmasses). It lies mainly within the Arctic Circle, off the northeast coast of Canada. Its vast interior mostly covered with a permanent ice cap that has a known thickness of up to 3,300 meters or 11,000 feet.
Driving Directions Guadeloupe
GUADELOUPE consists of a small group of islands in the Caribbean lying in the middle of the Lesser Antilles islands, with some islands in the Leeward Islands and some in the Windward Islands.
Driving Directions Guam
GUAM is the most southerly and the largest of the Mariana Islands in the northwest Pacific Ocean. It consists mainly of a high coralline limestone plateau with some low volcanic mountains in the south of the island.