|Borderline map of South Africa||Location map of South Africa||Flag of South Africa|
Google maps and detailed facts of South Africa, (ZA). This page enables you to explore South Africa and its border countries (Country location: Southern Africa, at the southern tip of the continent of Africa) through detailed Satellite imagery - fast and easy as never before Google maps.
Find comprehensive information below about this country in its diversity: Google maps, geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government, and history - All in One Wiki page.
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South Africa Google Map
The map below shows South Africa with its cities, towns, highways, main roads, streets, and also providing Street Views. To find a location, use the form below, type any city or place and to view, just a simple map click on the "Show Map" button.
The Google map above is showing South Africa with its location: Africa, (geographic coordinates: 29 00 S, 24 00 E) and the international borders of South Africa; total: 5,244 km. Border countries (total: 6): Botswana 1,969 km, Lesotho 1,106 km, Mozambique 496 km, Namibia 1,005 km, Swaziland 438 km, Zimbabwe 230 km furthermore it's inland counties boundaries.
Hint: Have a look at the Street view in South Africa, or Africa. All you have to do is to drag and pull the little yellow man (named: Pegman) on the Google map above the desired location. After that, whenever it is available (more than 50 countries in the world), blue stripes will appear to show the photos and details from Google’s regularly updated data image base. In case if you have signed in to your Google account currently, you may have a look at the satellite map of this country/area as well.
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About South Africa in detail
Where is South Africa?
South Africa, in case, if you are looking on the map under the Coordinates 25 42 S28 13 E otherwise in Africa, in Southern Africa, at the southern tip of the continent of Africa.
What is the capital city of South Africa?
The capital city of South Africa is: Pretoria.
What is the time in Pretoria?
It is 7 hours ahead of Washington, D.C. during Standard Time, the timezone of Pretoria is: UTC+2.
What is the Internet code for South Africa?
The Top Level Domain (TLD) for South Africa is: .za
What is the size of South Africa?
The territory of South Africa is total: 1,219,090 sq km; land: 1,214,470 sq km, water: 4,620 sq km.
If we want to describe the size of the territory of South Africa is slightly less than twice the size of Texas.
If we would like to walk around and discover South Africa, we can do that by covering the distance of total: 5,244 km.
What is the water coverage of South Africa?
We have mentioned already on this website, that what percentage of South Africa is covered by water (see below), and this includes 2,798 km coastline.
What is the climate like in South Africa?
The climate of South Africa is mostly semiarid: subtropical along east coast: sunny days, cool nights.
Geographical data of South Africa
The elevation of South Africa; mean elevation: 1,034 m, elevation extremes; lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m, highest point: Njesuthi 3,408 m.
The typical geographical details of South Africa include vast interior plateau rimmed by rugged hills and narrow coastal plain.
If we would like to describe the countries location from a different point of view, it is safe to say, and easy to read from a map, South Africa is South Africa completely surrounds Lesotho and almost completely surrounds Swaziland.
Resources and land use of South Africa
The country’s main mined products are gold, chromium, antimony, coal, iron ore, manganese, nickel, phosphates, tin, rare earth elements, uranium, gem diamonds, platinum, copper, vanadium, salt, natural gas. The population partly uses the earlier highlighted land territory and partly left in its natural state: agricultural land: 79.4%; arable land 9.9%; permanent crops 0.3%; permanent pasture 69.2%; forest: 7.6%; other: 13% (2011 estimate).
Population data of South Africa
The number of inhabitants of South Africa is 54,300,704 (July 2016 estimate).
If we examine the proportion of population distribution, it is safe to say that N/A.
If we are looking at the proportion of the urbanized and barely populated areas, these are the figures: urban population: 64.8% of total population (2015).
Most of the population in South Africa is concentrated in Johannesburg (includes Ekurhuleni) 9.399 million; Cape Town (legislative capital) 3.66 million; Durban 2.901 million; PRETORIA (capital) 2.059 million; Port Elizabeth 1.179 million; Vereeniging 1.155 million (2015).
Ethnicity in South Africa
According to ethnicity details, the ethnic groups in this country are the following: black African 80.2%, white 8.4%, colored 8.8%, Indian/Asian 2.5%note: colored is a term used in South Africa, including on the national census, for persons of mixed race ancestry (2014 estimate).
Spoken languages in South Africa
The spoken languages in South Africa are the following: IsiZulu (official language) 22.7%, IsiXhosa (official language) 16%, Afrikaans (official language) 13.5%, English (official language) 9.6%, Sepedi (official language) 9.1%, Setswana (official language) 8%, Sesotho (official language) 7.6%, Xitsonga (official language) 4.5%, siSwati (official language) 2.5%, Tshivenda (official language) 2.4%, isiNdebele (official language) 2.1%, sign language 0.5%, other 1.6% (2011 estimate).
What are the most important religions in South Africa?
During the general census, researchers examine the churches, according to this: Protestant 36.6% (Zionist Christian 11.1%, Pentecostal/Charismatic 8.2%, Methodist 6.8%, Dutch Reformed 6.7%, Anglican 3.8%), Catholic 7.1%, Muslim 1.5%, other Christian 36%, other 2.3%, unspecified 1.4%, none 15.1% (2001 census).
Further population data of South Africa
The proportion of gender and age tells a lot about the society as follows 0-14 years: 28.34% (male 7,718,511 / female 7,667,830) 15-24 years: 18.07% (male 4,865,807 / female 4,943,707) 25-54 years: 41.44% (male 11,372,944 / female 11,130,874) 55-64 years: 6.59% (male 1,662,874 / female 1,915,908) 65 years and over: 5.57% (male 1,269,551 / female 1,752,698) (2016 estimate). It also a significant factor in a society the population growth rate, which in the case of South Africa is 0.99% (2016 estimate).
The population growth rate is based on two elements, the birth, and the death rate. In South Africa the birth rate is 20.5 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate), the death rate 9.6 deaths / 1,000 population (2016 estimate).
In this day and age in the developed societies, the first child borns later compared to the previous centuries and decades, so the childbearing is extended. In South Africa the average age of mothers at the first childbirth is .
In the best case scenario despite the fact that the birth of the children is postponed, the parents are still able to see their kids grow as the life expectancy is also extended. In the case of South Africa, these figures are . With the introduction of modern medicine, the vaccinations and the proper hygienic conditions, the infant mortality rate is in a steep decline. The infant mortality statistics in South Africa are the following: . Relevant data is the budget of healthcare, which is in the case of this country is 8.8% of GDP (2014).
Economic data of South Africa
If we would like to describe a country, we also have to mention its economy; South Africa is a middle-income emerging market with an abundant supply of natural resources; well-developed financial, legal, communications, energy, and transport sectors; and a stock exchange that is Africa’s largest and among the top 20 in the world.Economic growth has decelerated in recent years, slowing to just 1.5% in 2014. Unemployment, poverty, and inequality - among the highest in the world - remain a challenge. Official unemployment is roughly 25% of the workforce, and runs significantly higheSouth Africa's economic policy has focused on controlling inflation; however, the country faces structural constraints that also limit economic growth, such as skills shortages, declining global competitiveness, and frequent work stoppages due to strike a.
GDP is an important figure as all the relevant calculations and statistics are based on it. GDP in South Africa is $280.4 billion (2015 estimate).
An another important indicator is the rate of the GDP growth, which in South Africa is 0.1% (2016 estimate) 1.3% (2015 estimate) 1.6% (2014 estimate).
These statistics are affecting the world economy, remember in 2015 when the Chinese real GDP growth rate was worse than expected; The world markets fall, and the Chinese stock exchange was temporally suspended.
A further major factor of a country’s economy, the GDP per capita. In South Africa this is $13,200 (2016 estimate) $13,400 (2015 estimate) $13,400 (2014 estimate).
In the case of the economy, the Trinity is in common places, such as agriculture, industry, and services.
What are the agricultural products South Africa produces?
The main agricultural products of South Africa are corn, wheat, sugarcane, fruits, vegetables; beef, poultry, mutton, wool, dairy products.
Regarding the economy, the important segments are mining (world's largest producer of platinum, gold, chromium), automobile assembly, metalworking, machinery, textiles, iron and steel, chemicals, fertilizer, foodstuffs, commercial ship repair. The crucial and regularly mentioned GDP is based on mining (world's largest producer of platinum, gold, chromium), automobile assembly, metalworking, machinery, textiles, iron and steel, chemicals, fertilizer, foodstuffs, commercial ship repair.
Drinking water source in South Africa
It is important to mention, that - thanks to the development of the infrastructure -, the rate of potable water improved: urban: 99.6% of population, rural: 81.4% of population, total: 93.2% of population. Unimproved: urban: 0.4% of population, rural: 18.6% of population, total: 6.8% of population (2015 estimate).
Average number of childbirth in South Africa
In South Africa, the average number of childbirth is 2.31 children born / woman (2016 estimate).
Population, median age, migration, and citizenship in South Africa
The average age of the population is total: 26.8 years; male: 26.5 years, female: 27 years (2016 estimate). The age of adulthood varies in every country of the world in South Africa it is 18 years of age, universal.
In this age when we are experiencing an unprecedented scale of migration and globalization, it is an important factor the number of new coming immigrants. In South Africa is -0.9 migrant(s) / 1,000 population (2016 estimate). It is important to know, how to apply for citizenship: citizenship by birth: no. Citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of South Africa. Dual citizenship recognized: yes, but requires prior permission of the governmentresidency requirement for naturalization: 1 year.
Is South Africa a safe destination? Healthcare services and contagious diseases in South Africa
Many of the travelers are looking into the healthcare services and contagious diseases of their destinations. In South Africa density of the hospital beds is N/A.
According to WHO rating regarding contagious diseases in South Africa the degree of risk: intermediatefood or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid feverwater contact disease: schistosomiasis (2016).
However, the HIV is not curable but maintainable. Let’s do not forget when the disease surfaced it was a world threatening condition. Unfortunately, in some countries, it is still very high the number of infected patients and fatalities as a result of the disease.
In South Africa the number of HIV/AIDS deaths: N/A.
Regarding tourism the obesity, not an important issue, but we have to mention among the health statistics, as it is the plague of the 20th and the 21st century. The rate obese adults in South Africa is 25.6% (2014).
What are the natural hazards South Africa? Is there any?
The most known natural risks in South Africa are prolonged droughtsvolcanism: the volcano forming Marion Island in the Prince Edward Islands, which last erupted in 2004, is South Africa's only active volcano.
More interesting facts about South Africa
A few words about the past, as every country and society its connected to its history; Dutch traders landed at the southern tip of modern day South Africa in 1652 and established a stopover point on the spice route between the Netherlands and the Far East, founding the city of Cape Town. After the British seized the Cape of Good Hope area in 1806, many of the Dutch settlers (Afrikaners, called "Boers" (farmers) by the British) trekked north to found their own republics in lands taken from the indigenous black inhabitants. The discovery of diamonds (1867) and gold (1886) spurred wealth and immigration and intensified the subjugation of the native inhabitants. The Afrikaners resisted British encroachments but were defeated in the Second South African War (1899-1902); however, the British and the Afrikaners, ruled together beginning in 1910 under the Union of South Africa, which became a republic in 1961 after a whites-only referendum. In 1948, the Afrikaner-dominated National Party was voted into power and instituted a policy of apartheid - the separate development of the races - which favored the white minority at the expense of the black majority. The African National Congress (ANC) led the opposition to apartheid and many top ANC leaders, such as Nelson MANDELA, spent decades in South Africa's prisons. Internal protests and insurgency, as well as boycotts by some Western nations and institutions, led to the regime's eventual willingness to negotiate a peaceful transition to majority rule. The first multi-racial elections in 1994 following the end of apartheid ushered in majority rule under an ANC-led government. South Africa has since struggled to address apartheid-era imbalances in decent housing, education, and health care. ANC infighting came to a head in 2008 when President Thabo MBEKI was recalled by Parliament, and Deputy President Kgalema MOTLANTHE, succeeded him as interim president. Jacob ZUMA became president after the ANC won general elections in 2009; he was reelected in 2014.
In every nation's memory, there are cornerstones that placed the country on the timeline of history. The date of declaration of independence of South Africa: 31 May 1910 (Union of South Africa formed from four British colonies: Cape Colony, Natal, Transvaal, and Orange Free State); 31 May 1961 (republic declared); 27 April 1994 (majority rule).
The flag and other symbols of South Africa
The colors, symbols, and animals on the flag usually have a historical background or related to an important milestone or memory of the nation.
This case is not an exception either, two equal width horizontal bands of red (top) and blue separated by a central green band that splits into a horizontal Y, the arms of which end at the corners of the hoist side; the Y embraces a black isosceles triangle from which the arms are separated by narrow yellow bands; the red and blue bands are separated from the green band and its arms by narrow white stripes; the flag colors do not have any official symbolism, but the Y stands for the "convergence of diverse elements within South African society, taking the road ahead in unity"; black, yellow, and green are found on the flag of the African National Congress, while red, white, and blue are the colors in the flags of the Netherlands and the UK, whose settlers ruled South Africa during the colonial era. Note: the South African flag is one of only two national flags to display six colors as part of its primary design, the other is South Sudan's.
Apart from the flag, the symbol of the national unity is the national anthem. The main purpose of the anthem is to share the nation's core values, endeavors, and the patriotic feelings.
National symbols of South Africa: springbok (antelope), king protea flower; national colors: red, green, blue, yellow, black, white.
Constitution of South Africa
The existence of the nation based on the constitution. Some constitutions knew around the world, like the U.S. Constitution that accepted on 17th of September 1787, in Philadelphia, the Constitution of the United States of America.
It is not related to the declaration of independence that was stolen by Nicolas Cage in the movie National Treasure 🙂
What is the legal system of South Africa?
Most of the times, the legal system of a country is in the focus of lawyers. It is a common fact that there are two main approaches in the world, “the law in books” and “the law in action.”
In the Anglo-Saxon world, the practice is the “law in action” while in the rest of the world where the law based on Roman law, the “law in books.”
The legal system of South Africa is mixed legal system of Roman-Dutch civil law, English common law, and customary law.
It was Aristotle, who founded Theory of 3 separations of powers. In his view, these are the council of public affairs, the magistrates, and the justice system. In the age of enlightenment was the time when terminologies have defined, the way we still use them. In most of the democratic countries, the three authorities separated from each other. In dictatorships, the authorities usually interweaved in one hand.
About the legislative branch of South Africa, we can highlight the following structures bicameral Parliament consists of the National Council of Provinces (90 seats; 10-member delegations appointed by each of the 9 provincial legislatures to serve 5-year terms; note - this council has special powers to protect regional interests, including safeguarding cultural and linguistic traditions among ethnic minorities) and the National Assembly (400 seats; members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by proportional representation vote to serve 5-year terms)elections: National Assembly and National Council of Provinces - last held on 7 May 2014 (next to be held in 2019)election results: National Council of Provinces - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - ANC 60, DA 20, EFF 7, IFP 1, NFP 1, UDM 1; National Assembly - percent of vote by party - ANC 62.2%, DA 22.2%, EFF 6.4%, IFP 2.4%, NFP 1.6%, UDM 1.0%, other 4.2%; seats by party - ANC 249, DA 89, EFF 25, IFP 10, NFP 6, UDM 4, other 17.
About the unemployment rate, labor force, and poverty line in South Africa
One of the major problems of the 21st-century economy is the unemployment. Governments are struggling to maintain a low level of the unemployment rate, but as a result of automation, the cheap 3rd world labor and the outsourcing of workflow, these attempts are failing. In South Africa the labor force is 21.7 million (2016 estimate). Please bear in mind that the population in South Africa is total: 32 deaths / 1,000 live births; male: 35.5 deaths / 1,000 live births, female: 28.4 deaths / 1,000 live births (2016 estimate) - as we already mentioned above.
The rate of unemployment in South Africa is 26.8% (2016 estimate).
It is widely known that the gap between the rich and poor is widening on an enormous scale.
According to the 2017 shocking Oxfam report, the richest eight people’s fortune is equal to the fortune of the poorest half of the world's population.
In South Africa, the income of the households and consumption compared to the entire population: lowest 10%: 1.2% highest 10%: 51.7% (2009 estimate).
Another widely used indicator is the so-called GINI index, which measures the inequalities of statistical dispersion, but mainly used for measuring the sharing of income and fortune.
The GINI index is named after its founder Corrado Gini an Italian economist. Gini index has grades between 0-1, but often it is used on a percentage basis. It is 0 if the examined criteria territorial distribution is equal. It is one if the criteria is concentrated on the territory. In South Africa the GINI index is .62,5 (2013 estimate).
The states usually set up a poverty line, which is more or less is a subjective measure. It varies by country its base is often the minimum pension, the incomes of the poorest 20 percent, the X percent of income per capita Etc.
In South Africa, the people living under the poverty line is the lowest 10%: 1.2% highest 10%: 51.7% (2009 estimate).
About the budget and central governments debt of South Africa
Available budget mainly defines the state's economy. The budget of South Africa is; revenues: $76.62 billion, expenditures: $86.45 billion (2016 estimate). Taxes and other revenues are 27.3% of GDP (2016 estimate).
The budget deficit (Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)) is .
The fiscal year in South Africa is 1 April - 31 March.
In country’s economy, we have to consider the public debt. Public debt is the consolidated sum of the state local, federal and central governments debt.
Inflation rate and prime lending rate in South Africa
A few further interesting and important economic data are the fallowing; Inflation rate: 6.5% (2016 estimate), 4.5% (2015 estimate) and the rate of the Commercial bank prime lending rate: 10.6% (31 December 2016 estimate).
Export/import partners and data of South Africa
South Africa, with the export of products, industrial tools, and other services, generates revenue. The export value in South Africa is: $83.16 billion (2016 estimate), $81.63 billion (2015 estimate). The total revenue of these activities: gold, diamonds, platinum, other metals and minerals, machinery and equipment.
The most important imported products are: machinery and equipment, chemicals, petroleum products, scientific instruments, foodstuffs, and the countries from where the import is coming: China 17.6%, Germany 11.2%, US 6.7%, Nigeria 5%, India 4.7%, Saudi Arabia 4.1% (2015).
Renewable energies used in South Africa
As an attempt to suppress the pollution of the environment, renewable energies has to replace the fossil energy. The more the proportion of renewable energies in a country means more effort against the pollution. South Africa, the indicator of how much of country’s produced energy is coming from hydroelectric source is 4.5% of total installed capacity (2013 estimate).
To indicate how much another renewable energy is produced is the 0.7% of total installed capacity (2013 estimate).
Telecommunication data of South Africa, calling code
To maintain the economy, the development of a reliable and modern telecommunications infrastructure is crucial. We can say the following about South Africa; the system is the best-developed and most modern in Africadomestic: combined fixed-line and mobile-cellular teledensity is roughly 165 telephones per 100 persons; consists of carrier-equipped open-wire lines, coaxial cables, microwave radio relay links, fiber-optic cable, radiotelephone communication stations, and wirelesinternational: country code - 27; the SAT-3/WASC and SAFE fiber-optic submarine cable systems connect South Africa to Europe and Asia; the EASSy fiber-optic cable system connects with Europe and North America; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (1 Indian Ocean and 2 (2015).
Transport infrastructure in South Africa
In the 21st century, we often say that the world has become small and there are no distances anymore. With widespread air travel when (sometimes) there are no visa restrictions, it is easy to reach other countries, but in case the distance is not too long, we can also use railway or water transportation.
The number of airports in South Africa: 566 (2013), and the number of heliports: 1 (2013).
The total length of the roadways in South Africa: total: 747,014 km, paved: 158,952 km, unpaved: 588,062 km (2014).
The total length of the waterways in South Africa: N/A.
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Facts & data about South Africa
Name of the country: conventional long form: Republic of South Africa, conventional short form: South Africa, former: Union of South Africaabbreviation: RSA, etymology: self-descriptive name from the country's location on the continent; "Africa" is derived from the Roman designation of the area corresponding to present-day Tunisia "Africa terra," which meant "Land of the Afri" (the tribe resident in that area), but which eventually came to mean the entire continent.
|Abbrevation: South Africa||Geographic coordinates:
29 00 S, 24 00 E
|Country location: Africa|
|Capital of South Africa: Pretoria||GPS of the Capital:
25 42 S28 13 E
|Position: Southern Africa, at the southern tip of the continent of Africa|
|Land area: total: 1,219,090 sq km; land: 1,214,470 sq km, water: 4,620 sq km||Terrain: vast interior plateau rimmed by rugged hills and narrow coastal plain
||Area comparative: slightly less than twice the size of Texas|
|Population: 54,300,704 (July 2016 estimate)||Population grow rate: 0.99% (2016 estimate)||Sex ratio: at birth: 1.02 male(s) / female, 0-14 years: 1.01 male(s) / female, 15-24 years: 0.98 male(s) / female, 25-54 years: 1.02 male(s) / female, 55-64 years: 0.87 male(s) / female, 65 years and over: 0.73 male(s) / female, total population: 0.98 male(s) / female, (2016 estimate)|
|Exports: $83.16 billion (2016 estimate), $81.63 billion (2015 estimate)||Imports: $85.03 billion (2016 estimate), $84.33 billion (2015 estimate)||Import partners: China 17.6%, Germany 11.2%, US 6.7%, Nigeria 5%, India 4.7%, Saudi Arabia 4.1% (2015)|
|Urbanization: urban population: 64.8% of total population (2015)||Major urban area(s): Johannesburg (includes Ekurhuleni) 9.399 million; Cape Town (legislative capital) 3.66 million; Durban 2.901 million; PRETORIA (capital) 2.059 million; Port Elizabeth 1.179 million; Vereeniging 1.155 million (2015)||Median age: total: 26.8 years; male: 26.5 years, female: 27 years (2016 estimate)
|Internet users: total: 27.868 million. Percent of population: 51.9% (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (fixed lines): total subscriptions: 4,131,055. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 8 (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (mobile, cellular): total: 85.197 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 159 (July 2015 estimate)|
|Unemployment rate: 26.8% (2016 estimate)||Nationality: South African(s) adjective: South African||National holidays: Freedom Day, 27 April (1994)|
|Life expectancy at birth: total population: 63.1 years. Male: 61.6 years, female: 64.6 years (2016 estimate)||Total fertility rate: 2.31 children born / woman (2016 estimate)||Birthrate: 20.5 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate)|
|Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write. Total population: 94.3%; male: 95.5%, female: 93.1% (2015 estimate)||Legal system: mixed legal system of Roman-Dutch civil law, English common law, and customary law||Suffrage: 18 years of age, universal|
|Industries: mining (world's largest producer of platinum, gold, chromium), automobile assembly, metalworking, machinery, textiles, iron and steel, chemicals, fertilizer, foodstuffs, commercial ship repair||Industrial production growth rate: -1% (2016 estimate)||GDP real growth rate: 0.1% (2016 estimate) 1.3% (2015 estimate) 1.6% (2014 estimate)|
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