North America

North America is the world’s third-largest continent with a total area of 9,358,340 sq miles (24,238,000 sq km), including Greenland and the Caribbean islands. North America lies completely within the Northern Hemisphere.

Area: 9,358,340 sq miles (24,238,000 sq km).
Highest point: Mount McKinley (Denali), USA 20,332 ft (6194 m).
Lowest Point: Death Valley, USA -282 ft (-86 m) below sea level.
Longest river: Mississippi-Missouri, USA 3710 miles (5969 km).
Largest lake: Lake Superior, Canada/USA 31,151 sq miles (83,270 sq km).
Largest island: Greenland 849,400 sq miles (2,200,000 sq km).
Highest recorded temperature: Death Valley, USA 135°F (57°C).
Lowest recorded temperature: Northice, Greenland -87°F (-66°C).
Wettest Place: Vancouver, Canada 183 in (4645 mm).
Driest Place: Death Valley, USA 2 in (50 mm).
Population: approximately 579,490,000 people.
The number of countries: 23.

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Asia

Asia is the world’s largest continent, with a total area of 16,838,365 sq miles (43,608,000 sq km). It comprises 49 separate countries, including 97% of Turkey and 72% of the Russian Federation. Almost 60% of the world’s population lives in Asia.

Area: 16,838,365 sq miles (43,608,000 sq km).
Highest point: Mount Everest, China/Nepal 29,029 ft (8848 m).
Lowest Point: the Dead Sea, Israel/Jordan -1388 ft (-423 m) below sea level.
Longest river: the Yangtze, China 3915 miles (6299 km).
Largest lake: Caspian Sea, Asia/Europe 143,243 sq miles (371,000 sq km).
Largest island: Borneo, Brunie/Indonesia/Malaysia 292,222 sq miles (757,050 sq km).
Highest recorded temperature: Tirat Zevi, Israel 129°F (54°C).
Lowest recorded temperature: Verkhoyansk, Russian Federation -90°F (-68°C).
Wettest Place: Cherrapunji, India 450 in (11,430 mm).
Driest Place: Aden, Yemen 1.8 in (46 mm).
Population: Approximately 3,823,390,000 people.
The number of countries: 49.

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Africa

Africa is the world’s second-largest continent with a total area of 11,712,434 sq miles (30,335,000 sq km). It has 54 separate countries, including Madagascar in the Indian Ocean. It straddles the equator and is the only continent to stretch from the northern to southern temperate zones.

Area: 11,633,846 sq miles (30,131,536 sq km).
Highest point: Mt. Kilimanjaro, Tanzania, 19,341 ft (5,895 m).
Lowest Point: Lac ‘Assal, Djibouti -512 ft (-156 m) below sea level.
Longest river: the Nile, Egypt/Sudan/Uganda, 4,187 miles (6,738 km).
Largest lake: L. Victoria, Tanzania/Uganda/Kenya, 26,828 sq miles (69,484 sq km).
Largest island: Madagascar, 226,660 sq miles (587,040 sq km).
Highest recorded temperature: Al’Aziziyah, Libya 136°F (58°C).
Lowest recorded temperature: Ifrane, Morocco -11°F (-24°C).
Wettest Place: Cape Debundsha, Cameroon 405 in (10,290 mm).
Driest Place: Wadi Halfa, Sudan <0.1 in (<2.5 mm).
Population: approximately 849,000,000 people.
The number of countries: 53.

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Zimbabwe

Driving Directions Zimbabwe

ZIMBABWE is a landlocked country in southern Africa. Bounded to the west by Zambia and Botswana, to the north and east by Mozambique, and to the south by South Africa, Zimbabwe is a country with spectacular physical features, teeming with wildlife.

It is bordered in the north by the River Zambezi, which flows over the wide Victoria Falls before entering Lake Kariba. In the south, the River Limpopo marks its border with South Africa.

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Zambia

Driving Directions Zambia

ZAMBIA, located in central southern Africa, is essentially a massive plateau surrounded by Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namibia, Angola, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Tanzania. Bordering it to the south is the River Zambezi, and to the southwest, the Kalahari Desert. It has some other large rivers, including the Luangwa and the Kafue, and some lakes, the largest of Lake Bangweulu.

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Yemen

Driving Directions Yemen

YEMEN is a republic bounded by Saudi Arabia in the north, Oman in the east, the Gulf of Aden in the south, and the Red Sea in the west.

The republic was formed after the unification of the previous Yemen Arab Republic (North Yemen) and the People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen (South Yemen) in 1990.

Several large islands, notably Socotra in the Indian Ocean, Perim in the Bab el Mandeb, and Kamaran in the Red Sea, belong to Yemen. The Hanish Islands in the southern Red Sea are claimed by Yemen and Eritrea in Africa, which lies opposite Yemen across Bab el Mandeb’s narrow straits.

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Western Sahara

Driving Directions Western Sahara

WESTERN SAHARA is a disputed west African territory with a coastline on the Atlantic Ocean. A thinly populated desert country of rocky plains and plateaux with low hills in the extreme northeast, it is rich in phosphates. Formerly Spanish Sahara, the entire territory has been claimed and administered since 1979 by Morocco, against the wishes of an active separatist movement, the Frente Polisario.

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