|Borderline map of Algeria||Location map of Algeria||Flag of Algeria|
Google maps and detailed facts of Algeria, (DZ). This page enables you to explore Algeria and its border countries (Location: Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Morocco and Tunisia) through detailed Satellite imagery - fast and easy as never before Google maps.
Find comprehensive information below about this country in its diversity: geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government, and history - All in One Wiki page!
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Algeria Google Map
The map below shows Algeria with its cities, towns, highways, main roads, streets and also providing Street Views. To find a location use the form below, type any city or place and to view, just a simple map click on the "Show Map" button.
The Google map above is showing Algeria with its location: Africa, (geographic coordinates: 28 00 N, 3 00 E) and the international borders of Algeria; total: 6,734 km. Border countries (total: 7): Libya 989 km, Mali 1,359 km, Mauritania 460 km, Morocco 1,900 km, Niger 951 km, Tunisia 1,034 km, Western Sahara 41 km furthermore its inland counties boundaries.
Hint: Have a look at the Street view in Algeria, or Africa. All you have to do is to drag and pull the little yellow man (named: Pegman) on the Google map above the desired location. After that whenever it is available (more than 50 countries in the world), blue stripes will appear to show the photos and details from Google’s regularly updated data image base.
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About Algeria in detail
Where is Algeria?
Algeria, in case if you are looking on the map under the Coordinates 36 45 N 3 03 E otherwise in Africa, in Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Morocco and Tunisia.
What is the capital of Algeria?
The capital city of Algeria is: Algiers.
What is the time in Algiers?
It is 6 hours ahead of Washington DC during Standard Time, the timezone of Algiers is: UTC+1.
What is the Internet code for Algeria?
The Top Level Domain (TLD) for Algeria is: .dz
What is the size of Algeria?
The territory of Algeria is total: 2,381,741 sq km; land: 2,381,741 sq km, water: 0 sq km.
If we want to describe the size of the territory of Algeria is slightly less than 3.5 times the size of Texas.
If we would like to walk around and discover Algeria, we can do that by covering the distance of total: 6,734 km.
What is the water coverage of Algeria?
We have mentioned already on this website, that what percentage of Algeria is covered by water (see below), and this includes 998 km coastline.
What is the climate like in Algeria?
The climate of Algeria is arid to semiarid: mild, wet winters with hot, dry summers along coast: drier with cold winters and hot summers on high plateau: sirocco is a hot, dust/sand-laden wind especially common in summer.
Geographical data of Algeria
The elevation of Algeria; mean elevation: 800 m, elevation extremes; lowest point: Chott Melrhir -40 m, highest point: Tahat 3,003 m.
The typical geographical details of Algeria include mostly high plateau and desert; some mountains; narrow, discontinuous coastal plain.
If we would like to describe the countries location from a different point of view, it is safe to say, and easy to read from a map, Algeria is largest country in Africa.
Resources and land use of Algeria
The country’s main mined products are petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, uranium, lead, zinc. The population partly uses the earlier highlighted land territory and partly left in its natural state: agricultural land: 17.3%; arable land 3.1%; permanent crops 0.4%; permanent pasture 13.8%; forest: 0.6%; other: 82% (2011 estimate).
Population data of Algeria
The number of inhabitants of Algeria is 40,263,711 (July 2016 estimate).
If we examine the proportion of population distribution, it is safe to say that the vast majority of the populace is found in the extreme northern part of the country along the Mediterranean Coast.
If we are looking at the proportion of the urbanized and barely populated areas, these are the figures: urban population: 70.7% of total population (2015).
Most of the population in Algeria is concentrated in ALGIERS (capital) 2.594 million; Oran 858,000 (2015).
Ethnicity in Algeria
According to ethnicity details, the ethnic groups in this country are the following: Arab-Berber 99%, European less than 1%note: although almost all Algerians are Berber in origin (not Arab), only a minority identify themselves as Berber, about 15% of the total population; these people live mostly in the mountainous region of Kabylie east of Algiers; the Berbers are also Muslim but identify with their Berber rather than Arab cultural heritage; Berbers have long agitated, sometimes violently, for autonomy; the government is unlikely to grant autonomy but has offered to begin sponsoring teaching Berber language in schools.
Spoken languages in Algeria
The spoken languages in Algeria are the following: Arabic (official language), French (lingua franca), Berber or Tamazight (official language); dialects include Kabyle Berber (Taqbaylit), Shawiya Berber (Tacawit), Mzab Berber, Tuareg Berber (Tamahaq).
What are the most important religions in Algeria?
During the general census, researchers examine the churches, according to this: Muslim (official; predominantly Sunni) 99%, other (includes Christian and Jewish).
Further population data of Algeria
The proportion of gender and age tells a lot about the society as follows 0-14 years: 29.06% (male 5,991,164 / female 5,709,616) 15-24 years: 15.95% (male 3,287,448 / female 3,136,624) 25-54 years: 42.88% (male 8,737,944 / female 8,526,137) 55-64 years: 6.61% (male 1,349,291 / female 1,312,339) 65 years and over: 5.5% (male 1,027,126 / female 1,186,022) (2016 estimate). It also a significant factor in a society the population growth rate, which in the case of Algeria is 1.77% (2016 estimate).
The population growth rate is based on two elements, the birth, and the death rate. In Algeria the birth rate is 23 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate), the death rate 4.3 deaths / 1,000 population (2016 estimate).
In this day and age in the developed societies, the first child borns later compared to the previous centuries and decades, so the childbearing is extended. In Algeria the average age of mothers at the first childbirth is .
In the best case scenario despite the fact that the birth of the children is postponed, the parents are still able to see their kids grow as the life expectancy is also extended. In the case of Algeria, these figures are . With the introduction of modern medicine, the vaccinations and the proper hygienic conditions, the infant mortality rate is in a steep decline. The infant mortality statistics in Algeria are the following: . Relevant data is the budget of healthcare, which is in the case of this country is 7.2% of GDP (2014).
Economic data of Algeria
If we would like to describe a country, we also have to mention its economy; Algeria's economy remains dominated by the state, a legacy of the country's socialist postindependence development model. In recent years the Algerian Government has halted the privatization of state-owned industries and imposed restrictions on imports anHydrocarbons have long been the backbone of the economy, accounting for roughly 30% of GDP, 60% of budget revenues, and over 95% of export earnings. Algeria has the 10th-largest reserves of natural gas in the world and is the sixth-largest gas exporter. IAlgiers has strengthened protectionist measures since 2015 to limit its import bill and encourage domestic production of non-oil and gas industries. Since 2015, the government has imposed additional regulatory requirements on access to foreign exchange foWith declining revenues caused by falling oil prices, the government has been under pressure to reduce spending. A wave of economic protests in February and March 2011 prompted Algiers to offer more than $23 billion in public grants and retroactive salaryLong-term economic challenges include diversifying the economy away from its reliance on hydrocarbon exports, bolstering the private sector, attracting foreign investment, and providing adequate jobs for younger Algerians..
GDP is an important figure as all the relevant calculations and statistics are based on it. GDP in Algeria is $168.3 billion (2015 estimate).
An another important indicator is the rate of the GDP growth, which in Algeria is 3.6% (2016 estimate) 3.9% (2015 estimate) 3.8% (2014 estimate).
These statistics are affecting the world economy, remember in 2015 when the Chinese real GDP growth rate was worse than expected; The world markets fall, and the Chinese stock exchange was temporally suspended.
A further major factor of a country’s economy, the GDP per capita. In Algeria this is $15,000 (2016 estimate) $14,700 (2015 estimate) $14,500 (2014 estimate).
In the case of the economy, the Trinity is in common places, such as agriculture, industry, and services.
What are the agricultural products Algeria produces?
The main agricultural products of Algeria are wheat, barley, oats, grapes, olives, citrus, fruits; sheep, cattle.
Regarding the economy, the important segments are petroleum, natural gas, light industries, mining, electrical, petrochemical, food processing. The crucial and regularly mentioned GDP is based on petroleum, natural gas, light industries, mining, electrical, petrochemical, food processing.
Drinking water source in Algeria
It is important to mention, that - thanks to the development of the infrastructure -, the rate of potable water improved: urban: 84.3% of population, rural: 81.8% of population, total: 83.6% of population. Unimproved: urban: 15.7% of population, rural: 18.2% of population, total: 16.4% of population (2015 estimate).
Average number of childbirth in Algeria
In Algeria the average number of childbirth is 2.74 children born / woman (2016 estimate).
Population, median age, migration, and citizenship in Algeria
The average age of the population is total: 27.8 years; male: 27.5 years, female: 28.1 years (2016 estimate). The age of adulthood varies in every country of the world in Algeria it is 18 years of age, universal.
In this age when we are experiencing an unprecedented scale of migration and globalization, it is an important factor the number of new coming immigrants. In Algeria is -0.9 migrant(s) / 1,000 population (2016 estimate). It is important to know, how to apply for citizenship: citizenship by birth: no. Citizenship by descent only: the mother must be a citizen of Algeria. Dual citizenship recognized: no. Residency requirement for naturalization: 7 years.
Is Algeria a safe destination? Healthcare services and contagious diseases in Algeria
Many of the travelers are looking into the healthcare services and contagious diseases of their destinations. In Algeria density of the hospital beds is N/A.
According to WHO rating regarding contagious diseases in Algeria the N/A.
However, the HIV is not curable but maintainable. Let’s do not forget when the disease surfaced it was a world threatening condition. Unfortunately, in some countries, it is still very high the number of infected patients and fatalities as a result of the disease.
In Algeria the number of HIV/AIDS deaths: .
Regarding tourism the obesity, not an important issue, but we have to mention among the health statistics, as it is the plague of the 20th and the 21st century. The rate obese adults in Algeria is 23.6% (2014).
What are the natural hazards Algeria? Is there any?
The most known natural risks in Algeria are mountainous areas subject to severe earthquakes; mudslides and floods in rainy season.
More interesting facts about Algeria
A few words about the past, as every country and society its connected to its history; After more than a century of rule by France, Algerians fought through much of the 1950s to achieve independence in 1962. Algeria's primary political party, the National Liberation Front (FLN), was established in 1954 as part of the struggle for independence and has since largely dominated politics. The Government of Algeria in 1988 instituted a multi-party system in response to public unrest, but the surprising first round success of the Islamic Salvation Front (FIS) in the December 1991 balloting led the Algerian army to intervene and postpone the second round of elections to prevent what the secular elite feared would be an extremist-led government from assuming power. The army began a crackdown on the FIS that spurred FIS supporters to begin attacking government targets. Fighting escalated into an insurgency, which saw intense violence from 1992-98, resulting in over 100,000 deaths - many attributed to indiscriminate massacres of villagers by extremists. The government gained the upper hand by the late-1990s, and FIS's armed wing, the Islamic Salvation Army, disbanded in January 2000.Abdelaziz BOUTEFLIKA, with the backing of the military, won the presidency in 1999 in an election widely viewed as fraudulent and won subsequent elections in 2004, 2009, and 2014. The government in 2011 introduced some political reforms in response to the Arab Spring, including lifting the 19-year-old state of emergency restrictions and increasing women's quotas for elected assemblies, while also increasing subsidies to the populace. Since 2014, Algeria’s reliance on hydrocarbon revenues to fund the government and finance the large subsidies for the population has fallen under stress because of declining oil prices..
In every nation's memory, there are cornerstones that placed the country on the timeline of history. The date of declaration of independence of Algeria: 5 July 1962 (from France).
The flag and other symbols of Algeria
The colors, symbols, and animals on the flag usually have a historical background or related to an important milestone or memory of the nation.
This case is not an exception either, two equal vertical bands of green (hoist side) and white; a red, five-pointed star within a red crescent centered over the two-color boundary; the colors represent Islam (green), purity and peace (white), and liberty (red); the crescent and star are also Islamic symbols, but the crescent is more closed than those of other Muslim countries because Algerians believe the long crescent horns bring happiness.
Apart from the flag, the symbol of the national unity is the national anthem. The main purpose of the anthem is to share the nation's core values, endeavors, and the patriotic feelings.
National symbols of Algeria: star and crescent, fennec fox; national colors: green, white, red.
Constitution of Algeria
The existence of the nation based on the constitution. Some constitutions knew around the world, like the U.S. Constitution that accepted on 17th of September 1787, in Philadelphia, the Constitution of United States of America.
It is not related to the declaration of independence that was stolen by Nicolas Cage in the movie National Treasure 🙂
What is the legal system of Algeria?
Most of the times the legal system of a country is in the focus of lawyers. It is a common fact that there are two main approaches in the world, “the law in books” and “the law in action.”
In the Anglo-Saxon world, the practice is the “law in action” while in the rest of the world where the law based on Roman law, the “law in books.”
The legal system of Algeria is mixed legal system of French civil law and Islamic law; judicial review of legislative acts in ad hoc Constitutional Council composed of various public officials including several Supreme Court justices.
It was Aristotle, who founded the theory of 3 separations of powers. In his view, these are the council of public affairs, the magistrates, and the justice system. In the age of enlightenment was the time when terminologies have been defined, the way we still use them. In most of the democratic countries, the three authorities are separated from each other. In dictatorships, the authorities are usually interwoven in one hand.
About the legislative branch of Algeria, we can highlight the following structures bicameral Parliament consists of the Council of the Nation (upper house with 144 seats; one-third of members appointed by the president, two-thirds indirectly elected by simple majority vote by an electoral college composed of local council members; members serve 6-year terms with one-half of the membership renewed every 3 years) and the National People's Assembly (lower house with 462 seats including 8 seats for Algerians living abroad); members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by proportional representation vote to serve 5-year terms)elections: Council of the Nation - last held on 29 December 2015 (next to be held in December 2018); National People's Assembly - last held on 10 May 2012 (next to be held on 17 May 2017)election results: Council of the Nation - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - NA; National People's Assembly - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - FLN 208, RND 68, AAV 49, FFS 27, PT 24, FNA 9, El Adala 8, MPA 7, PFJ 5, FC 4, PNSD 4, other 31, independent 18.
About the unemployment rate, labor force, and poverty line in Algeria
One of the major problems of the 21st-century economy is the unemployment. Governments are struggling to maintain a low level of the unemployment rate, but as a result of automation, the cheap 3rd world labor and the outsourcing of workflow, these attempts are failing. In Algeria the labor force is 11.78 million (2016 estimate). Please bear in mind that the population in Algeria is total: 20.3 deaths / 1,000 live births; male: 21.9 deaths / 1,000 live births, female: 18.5 deaths / 1,000 live births (2016 estimate) - as we already mentioned above.
The rate of unemployment in Algeria is 12.4% (2016 estimate).
It is widely known that the gap between the rich and poor is widening on an enormous scale.
According to the 2017 shocking Oxfam report, the richest eight people’s fortune is equal to the fortune of the poorest half of the world's population.
In Algeria, the income of the households and consumption compared to the entire population: lowest 10%: 2.8% highhest 10%: 26.8% (1995).
Another widely used indicator is the so-called GINI index, which measures the inequalities of statistical dispersion, but mainly used for measuring the sharing of income and fortune.
The GINI index is named after its founder Corrado Gini an Italian economist. Gini index has grades between 0-1, but often it is used on a percentage basis. It is 0 if the examined criteria territorial distribution is equal. It is one if the criteria is concentrated on the territory. In Algeria the GINI index is .35,3 (1995).
The states usually set up a poverty line, which is more or less is a subjective measure. It varies by country its base is often the minimum pension, the incomes of the poorest 20 percent, the X percent of income per capita Etc.
In Algeria the people living under the poverty line is lowest 10%: 2.8% highhest 10%: 26.8% (1995).
About the budget and central governments debt of Algeria
Available budget mainly defines the state's economy. The budget of Algeria is; revenues: $42.69 billion, expenditures: $66.45 billion (2016 estimate). Taxes and other revenues are 25.4% of GDP (2016 estimate).
The budget deficit (Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)) is .
The fiscal year in Algeria is calendar year.
In country’s economy, we have to consider the public debt. Public debt is the consolidated sum of the state local, federal and central governments debt.
Inflation rate and prime lending rate in Algeria
A few further interesting and important economic data are the fallowing; Inflation rate: 6.7% (2016 estimate), 4.8% (2015 estimate) and the rate of the Commercial bank prime lending rate: 8% (31 December 2016 estimate).
Export/import partners and data of Algeria
Algeria, with the export of products, industrial tools, and other services, generates revenue. The export value in Algeria is: $26.91 billion (2016 estimate), $36 billion (2015 estimate). The total revenue of these activities: petroleum, natural gas, and petroleum products 97% (2009 estimate).
The most important imported products are: capital goods, foodstuffs, consumer goods, and the countries from where the import is coming: China 15.6%, France 14.4%, Italy 9.4%, Spain 7.4%, Germany 5.6%, Russia 4.1% (2015).
Renewable energies used in Algeria
As an attempt to suppress the pollution of the environment, renewable energies has to replace the fossil energy. The more the proportion of renewable energies in a country means more effort against the pollution. Algeria, the indicator of how much of country’s produced energy is coming from hydroelectric source is 1.8% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
To indicate how much another renewable energy is produced is the 0.2% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
Telecommunication data of Algeria, calling code
To maintain the economy, the development of a reliable and modern telecommunications infrastructure is crucial. We can say the following about Algeria; privatization of Algeria's telecommunications sector began in 2000; three mobile cellular licenses have been issued and, in 2005, a consortium led by Egypt's Orascom Telecom won a 15-year license to build and operate a fixed-line network in Algeria; the ldomestic: a limited network of fixed lines with a teledensity of less than 10 telephones per 100 persons has been offset by the rapid increase in mobile-cellular subscribership; in 2015, mobile-cellular teledensity was roughly 116 telephones per 100 personsinternational: country code - 213; landing point for the SEA-ME-WE-4 fiber-optic submarine cable system that provides links to Europe, the Middle East, and Asia; microwave radio relay to Italy, France, Spain, Morocco, and Tunisia; coaxial cable to Morocco and Tunisia; p (2015).
Transport infrastructure in Algeria
In the 21st century, we often say that the world has become small and there are no distances anymore. With widespread air travel when (sometimes) there are no visa restrictions, it is easy to reach other countries, but in case the distance is not too long, we can also use railway or water transportation.
The number of airports in Algeria: 157 (2016), and the number of heliports: 3 (2013).
The total length of the roadways in Algeria: total: 113,655 km, paved: 87,605 km (includes 645 km of expressways), unpaved: 26,050 km (2010).
The total length of the waterways in Algeria: N/A.
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Facts about Algeria
Name of the country: conventional long form: People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, conventional short form: Algeria, local long form: Al Jumhuriyah al Jaza'iriyah ad Dimuqratiyah ash Sha'biyah, local short form: Al Jaza'ir, etymology: the country name derives from the capital city of Algiers.
|Abbrevation: Algeria||Geographic coordinates:
28 00 N, 3 00 E
|Capital of Algeria: Algiers||GPS of the Capital:
36 45 N 3 03 E
|Position: Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Morocco and Tunisia|
|Land area: total: 2,381,741 sq km; land: 2,381,741 sq km, water: 0 sq km||Terrain: mostly high plateau and desert; some mountains; narrow, discontinuous coastal plain
||Area comparative: slightly less than 3.5 times the size of Texas|
|Population: 40,263,711 (July 2016 estimate)||Population grow rate: 1.77% (2016 estimate)||Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s) / female, 0-14 years: 1.05 male(s) / female, 15-24 years: 1.05 male(s) / female, 25-54 years: 1.02 male(s) / female, 55-64 years: 1.03 male(s) / female, 65 years and over: 0.86 male(s) / female, total population: 1.03 male(s) / female, (2016 estimate)|
|Exports: $26.91 billion (2016 estimate), $36 billion (2015 estimate)||Imports: $44.6 billion (2016 estimate), $50.7 billion (2015 estimate)||Import partners: China 15.6%, France 14.4%, Italy 9.4%, Spain 7.4%, Germany 5.6%, Russia 4.1% (2015)|
|Urbanization: urban population: 70.7% of total population (2015)||Major urban area(s): ALGIERS (capital) 2.594 million; Oran 858,000 (2015)||Median age: total: 27.8 years; male: 27.5 years, female: 28.1 years (2016 estimate)
|Internet users: total: 15.105 million. Percent of population: 38.2% (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (fixed lines): total subscriptions: 3,267,592. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 8 (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (mobile, cellular): total: 45.928 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 116 (July 2015 estimate)|
|Unemployment rate: 12.4% (2016 estimate)||Nationality: Algerian(s) adjective: Algerian||National holidays: Revolution Day, 1 November (1954)|
|Life expectancy at birth: total population: 76.8 years. Male: 75.5 years, female: 78.2 years (2016 estimate)||Total fertility rate: 2.74 children born / woman (2016 estimate)||Birthrate: 23 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate)|
|Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write. Total population: 80.2%; male: 87.2%, female: 73.1% (2015 estimate)||Legal system: mixed legal system of French civil law and Islamic law; judicial review of legislative acts in ad hoc Constitutional Council composed of various public officials including several Supreme Court justices||Suffrage: 18 years of age, universal|
|Industries: petroleum, natural gas, light industries, mining, electrical, petrochemical, food processing||Industrial production growth rate: 0.5% (2016 estimate)||GDP real growth rate: 3.6% (2016 estimate) 3.9% (2015 estimate) 3.8% (2014 estimate)|
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