Google maps and detailed facts of Algeria (DZ). This page enables you to explore Algeria and its border countries (Country Location: Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Morocco and Tunisia) through detailed Satellite imagery – fast and easy as never before Google maps.
Find comprehensive information below about this country in its diversity: Google maps, geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government, and history – All in One Wiki page.
There is also Street View and free Driving Directions at your service. Your Google Satellite Map Sightseeing in Algeria, in Africa, starts here at Driving Directions and Maps.com.
Algeria Google Maps & Satellite Maps
On the Mediterranean coast and independent from France since 1962, Algeria is now Africa’s largest country. Its regime used the army to keep Islamists from power in 1992. 85% of the country lies within the Sahara Desert. The fertile coastal region with plains and hills rises to meet the Atlas Mountains.
The map below shows Algeria with its cities, towns, highways, main roads, streets, and Street Views. To find a location, use the form below, type any city or place, view just a simple map, and click on the “show map” button.
The Google map above shows Algeria with its location: Africa (geographic coordinates: 28 00 N, 3 00 E) and the international borders of Algeria; total: 6,734 km. Border countries (total: 7): Libya 989 km, Mali 1,359 km, Mauritania 460 km, Morocco 1,900 km, Niger 951 km, Tunisia 1,034 km, Western Sahara 41 km; furthermore, it’s inland counties boundaries.
Hint: Look at the Street view in Algeria or Africa. All you have to do is drag and pull the little yellow man (named: Pegman) on the Google map above the desired location. After that, whenever it is available (in more than 50 countries globally), blue stripes will appear to show the photos and details from Google’s regularly updated data image base. If you have signed in to your Google account currently, you may have a look at the satellite map of this country/area as well.
The map of Algeria, Africa, is for informational use only. No representation is made or warrantied given any map or its content by Driving Directions and Maps site. The user assumes all risks of using this Algeria Google map and facts/wiki.
About Algeria in detail
|Borderline map of Algeria||Location map of Algeria||Flag of Algeria|
Where is Algeria?
Algeria is looking on the map under the Coordinates 36 45 N 3 03 E otherwise in Africa, in Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Morocco and Tunisia.
What is the capital city of Algeria?
The capital city of Algeria is Algiers.
What is the time in Algiers?
It is 6 hours ahead of Washington, D.C. during Standard Time; Algiers’ timezone is UTC+1.
What is the Internet code for Algeria?
The Top Level Domain (TLD) for Algeria is: .dz
What is the size of Algeria?
The territory of Algeria is total: 2,381,741 sq km; land: 2,381,741 sq km, water: 0 sq km.
If we want to describe Algeria’s territory’s size is slightly less than 3.5 times the size of Texas.
If we would like to walk around and discover Algeria, we can cover a total distance: 6,734 km.
What is the water coverage of Algeria?
We have already mentioned what percentage of Algeria is covered by water (see below), including a 998 km coastline.
What is the climate like in Algeria?
Algeria’s climate is arid to semiarid: mild, wet winters with hot, dry summers along the coast: drier with cold winters and hot summers on the high plateau: sirocco is a hot, dust/sand-laden wind prevalent in summer.
Geographical data of Algeria
Algeria’s elevation; mean elevation: 800 m, elevation extremes; lowest point: Chott Melrhir -40 m, highest point: Tahat 3,003 m.
Algeria’s specific geographical details include mostly high plateau and desert; some mountains; narrow, discontinuous coastal plain.
Suppose we would like to describe the countries location from a different perspective. In that case, it is safe to say and easy to read from a map, Algeria is the largest country in Africa.
Resources and land use of Algeria
The country’s main mined products are petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, uranium, lead, zinc. The population partly uses the earlier highlighted land territory and partly left in its natural state: agricultural land: 17.3%; arable land 3.1%; permanent crops 0.4%; permanent pasture 13.8%; forest: 0.6%; other: 82% (2011 estimate).
Population data of Algeria
The number of inhabitants of Algeria is 40,263,711 (July 2016 estimate).
Let’s examine the proportion of the population distribution. It is safe to say that the vast majority of the populace is found in the country’s extreme northern part along the Mediterranean Coast.
If we look at the proportion of the urbanized and barely populated areas, these are the urban population: 70.7% of the total population (2015).
Most of Algeria’s population is concentrated in ALGIERS (capital) 2.594 million; Oran 858,000 (2015).
Ethnicity in Algeria
According to ethnicity details, the ethnic groups are Arab-Berber 99%, European less than 1%note: although almost all Algerians are Berber in origin (not Arab), only a minority identify themselves as Berber, about 15% of the total population; these people live mostly in the mountainous region of Kabylie east of Algiers; the Berbers are also Muslim but identify with their Berber rather than Arab cultural heritage; Berbers have long agitated, sometimes violently, for autonomy; the government is unlikely to grant freedom but has offered to begin sponsoring teaching the Berber language in schools.
Spoken languages in Algeria
The spoken languages in Algeria are the following: Arabic (official language), French (lingua franca), Berber or Tamazight (official language); dialects include Kabyle Berber (Taqbaylit), Shawiya Berber (Tacawit), Mzab Berber, Tuareg Berber (Tamahaq).
What are the most important religions in Algeria?
According to this, researchers examine the churches during the general census: Muslim (official; predominantly Sunni) 99%, other (includes Christian and Jewish).
Further population data of Algeria
The proportion of gender and age tells a lot about the society as follows 0-14 years: 29.06% (male 5,991,164 / female 5,709,616) 15-24 years: 15.95% (male 3,287,448 / female 3,136,624) 25-54 years: 42.88% (male 8,737,944 / female 8,526,137) 55-64 years: 6.61% (male 1,349,291 / female 1,312,339) 65 years and over: 5.5% (male 1,027,126 / female 1,186,022) (2016 estimate). It also a significant factor in a society the population growth rate, which in the case of Algeria is 1.77% (2016 estimate).
The population growth rate is based on two elements, birth and the death rate. In Algeria the birth rate is 23 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate), the death rate 4.3 deaths / 1,000 population (2016 estimate).
In this day and age in developed societies, the first child borns later compared to the previous centuries and decades, so childbearing is extended. In Algeria, the average age of mothers at the first childbirth is N/A.
Although the children’s birth is postponed in the best-case scenario, the parents can still see their kids grow as life expectancy also extended. In the case of Algeria, these figures are. With the introduction of modern medicine, vaccinations, and proper hygienic conditions, the infant mortality rate is in a steep decline. The infant mortality statistics in Algeria are the following: N/A. Relevant data is the budget of healthcare, which is in the case of this country, is 7.2% of GDP (2014).
Economic data of Algeria
Suppose we would like to describe a country. We also have to mention its economy; Algeria’s economy remains dominated by the state, a legacy of its socialist postindependence development model. In recent years the Algerian Government has halted the privatization of state-owned industries and imposed restrictions on imports. Hydrocarbons have long been the backbone of the economy, accounting for roughly 30% of GDP, 60% of budget revenues, and over 95% of export earnings. Algeria has the 10th-largest reserves of natural gas in the world and is the sixth-largest gas exporter.
Algiers has strengthened protectionist measures since 2015 to limit its import bill and encourage domestic production of non-oil and gas industries. Since 2015, the government has imposed additional regulatory requirements on access to foreign exchange foWith declining revenues caused by falling oil prices; the government has been under pressure to reduce spending. A wave of economic protests in February and March 2011 prompted Algiers to offer more than $23 billion in public grants and retroactive salary long-term economic challenges include diversifying the economy away from its reliance on hydrocarbon exports, bolstering the private sector, attracting foreign investment, and providing adequate jobs for younger Algerians.
GDP is a prominent figure, as all the relevant calculations and statistics are based on it. GDP in Algeria is $168.3 billion (2015 estimate).
Another important indicator is the rate of GDP growth, which in Algeria is 3.6% (2016 estimate), 3.9% (2015 estimate) 3.8% (2014 estimate).
These statistics affect the world economy; remember, in 2015, the Chinese real GDP growth rate was worse than expected; The world markets fall, and the Chinese stock exchange is temporally suspended.
A further major factor of a country’s economy, the GDP per capita. In Algeria this is $15,000 (2016 estimate) $14,700 (2015 estimate) $14,500 (2014 estimate).
The Trinity is in common places in the economy, such as agriculture, industry, and services.
What are the agricultural products Algeria produces?
Algeria’s main agricultural products are wheat, barley, oats, grapes, olives, citrus, fruits, sheep, cattle.
The essential segments are petroleum, natural gas, light industries, mining, electrical, petrochemical, and food processing. The crucial and regularly mentioned GDP is petroleum, natural gas, light industries, mining, electrical, petrochemical, food processing.
Drinking water source in Algeria
It is essential to mention that – thanks to the development of the infrastructure -, the rate of potable water improved: urban: 84.3% of the population, rural: 81.8% of the people, total: 83.6% of the community. Unimproved: urban: 15.7% of the people, rural: 18.2% of the people, total: 16.4% (2015 estimate).
The average number of childbirth in Algeria
In Algeria, the average delivery number is 2.74 children born / woman (2016 estimate).
Population, median age, migration, and citizenship in Algeria
The population’s average age is 27.8 years; male: 27.5 years, female: 28.1 years (2016 estimate). The age of adulthood varies in every country of the world. In Algeria, it is 18 years of age, universal.
When we are experiencing an unprecedented scale of migration and globalization, it is an important factor in the number of new immigrants. In Algeria is -0.9 migrant(s) / 1,000 population (2016 estimate). It is important to know how to apply for citizenship: citizenship by birth: no. Citizenship by descent only: the mother must be a citizen of Algeria. Dual citizenship recognized: no—residency requirement for naturalization: 7 years.
Is Algeria a safe destination? Healthcare services and infectious diseases in Algeria
Many of the travelers are looking into the healthcare services and infectious diseases of their destinations. In Algeria, the hospital beds density is N/A.
According to the WHO rating regarding contagious diseases in Algeria, N/A.
However, HIV is not curable but maintainable. Let’s do not forget when the disease surfaced, it was a world-threatening condition. Unfortunately, in some countries, it is still very high the number of infected patients and fatalities due to the disease.
In Algeria, the number of HIV/AIDS deaths: N/A.
Regarding tourism obesity, not an important issue, but we have to mention health statistics, as it is the plague of the 20th and the 21st century. The rate of obese adults in Algeria is 23.6% (2014).
What are the natural hazards in Algeria? Is there any?
Algeria’s most known natural risks are mountainous areas subject to severe earthquakes, mudslides, and floods in the rainy season.
More interesting facts about Algeria
A few words about the past, as every country and society is connected to its history; After more than a century of rule by France, Algerians fought through much of the 1950s to achieve independence in 1962. Algeria’s primary political party, the National Liberation Front (FLN), was established in 1954 as part of the struggle for freedom and largely dominated politics. The Government of Algeria in 1988 instituted a multi-party system in response to public unrest. Still, the Islamic Salvation Front (FIS) ‘s surprising first-round success in the December 1991 balloting led the Algerian army to intervene and postpone the second round of elections to prevent what the secular elite feared would be an extremist-led government from assuming power.
The army began a crackdown on the FIS that spurred FIS supporters to start attacking government targets. Fighting escalated into an insurgency, which saw intense violence from 1992-98, resulting in over 100,000 deaths – many attributed to indiscriminate massacres of villagers by extremists. The government gained the upper hand by the late-1990s, and FIS’s armed wing, the Islamic Salvation Army, disbanded in January 2000. With the military’s backing, Abdelaziz BOUTEFLIKA won the presidency in 1999 in an election widely viewed as fraudulent and won subsequent elections in 2004, 2009, and 2014. The government in 2011 introduced some political reforms in response to the Arab Spring, including lifting the 19-year-old state of emergency restrictions and increasing women’s quotas for elected assemblies while also increasing subsidies to the populace. Since 2014, Algeria’s reliance on hydrocarbon revenues to fund the government and finance the massive support for the population has fallen under stress because of declining oil prices.
In every nation’s memory, some cornerstones placed the country on the timeline of history. The date of declaration of independence of Algeria: 5 July 1962 (from France).
The flag and other symbols of Algeria
The colors, symbols, and animals on the flag usually have a historical background or an important milestone or memory of the nation.
This case is not an exception either; two equal vertical bands of green (hoist side) and white; a red, five-pointed star within a red crescent centered over the two-color boundary; the colors represent Islam (green), purity, and peace (white), and liberty (red); the crescent and star are also Islamic symbols, but the crescent is more closed than those of other Muslim countries because Algerians believe the long crescent horns bring happiness.
Apart from the flag, the symbol of national unity is the national anthem. The anthem’s primary purpose is to share the nation’s core values, endeavors, and patriotic feelings.
Algeria’s national symbols: star and crescent, fennec fox; national colors: green, white, red.
Constitution of Algeria
The existence of the nation is based on the constitution. Some constitutions knew worldwide, like the U.S. Constitution accepted on the 17th of September 1787, in Philadelphia, the United States of America’s Constitution.
It is not related to the declaration of independence that was stolen by Nicolas Cage in the movie National Treasure 🙂
What is the legal system of Algeria?
Most of the time, the legal system of a country is the focus of lawyers. It is a common fact that there are two main approaches in the world, “the law in books” and “the law in action.”
In the Anglo-Saxon world, the practice is the “law in action,” while in the rest of the world, the law is based on Roman law, the “law in books.”
Algeria’s legal system is a mixed legal system of French civil law and Islamic law; judicial review of legislative acts in ad hoc Constitutional Council composed of various public officials including several Supreme Court justices.
It was Aristotle who founded the Theory of 3 separations of powers. In his view, these are the council of public affairs, the magistrates, and the justice system. The age of enlightenment was the time when terminologies have defined the way we still use them. In most democratic countries, the three authorities separated from each other. In dictatorships, the rules usually interweaved in one hand.
About the legislative branch of Algeria, we can highlight the following structures bicameral Parliament consists of the Council of the Nation (upper house with 144 seats; one-third of members appointed by the president, two-thirds indirectly elected by a simple majority vote by an electoral college composed of local council members; members serve 6-year terms with one-half of the membership renewed every three years) and the National People’s Assembly (lower house with 462 seats including eight seats for Algerians living abroad); members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by proportional representation vote to serve 5-year terms).
About the unemployment rate, labor force, and poverty line in Algeria
One of the major problems of the 21st-century economy is unemployment. Governments are struggling to maintain a low level of unemployment rate. Still, due to automation, the cheap 3rd world labor, and the outsourcing of workflow, these attempts fail. In Algeria, the labor force is 11.78 million (2016 estimate). Please bear in mind that the population in Algeria is total: 20.3 deaths / 1,000 live births; male: 21.9 deaths / 1,000 live births, female: 18.5 deaths / 1,000 live births (2016 estimate) – as we already mentioned above.
The rate of unemployment in Algeria is 12.4% (2016 estimate).
Widely known that the gap between the rich and poor is widening on an enormous scale.
According to the 2017 shocking Oxfam report, the most affluent eight people’s fortune is equal to the wealth of the poorest half of the world’s population.
In Algeria, the households’ income and consumption compared to the entire population: the lowest 10%: 2.8% highest 10% and 26.8% (1995).
Another widely used indicator is the so-called GINI index, which measures the inequalities of statistical dispersion, but is mainly used for measuring the sharing of income and fortune.
The GINI index was named after its founder Corrado Gini, an Italian economist. Gini index has grades between 0-1, but often it is used on a percentage basis. It is 0 if the examined criteria territorial distribution is equal. It is one of the criteria concentrated on the territory. In Algeria, the GINI index is .35,3 (1995).
The states usually set up a poverty line, which is more or less, is a subjective measure. It varies by country; its base is often the minimum pension, the most deficient 20 percent, the X percent of income per capita, etc.
In Algeria, the poverty line people are the lowest 10%: 2.8% highest 10%: 26.8% (1995).
About the budget and central governments debt of Algeria
The available budget mainly defines the state’s economy. Algeria’s budget is; revenues: $42.69 billion, expenditures: $66.45 billion (2016 estimate). Taxes and other revenues are 25.4% of GDP (2016 estimate).
The budget deficit (Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)) is N/A.
The fiscal year in Algeria is the calendar year.
In the country’s economy, we have to consider the public debt. Public debt is the consolidated sum of the state’s local, federal, and central government debt.
Inflation rate and prime lending rate in Algeria
A few further interesting and relevant economic data are the following; Inflation rate: 6.7% (2016 estimate), 4.8% (2015 estimate), and the rate of the Commercial bank prime lending rate: 8% (31 December 2016 estimate).
Export/import partners and data of Algeria
Algeria, with the export of products, industrial tools, and other services, generates revenue. Algeria’s export value is $26.91 billion (2016 estimate), $36 billion (2015 estimate). The total revenue of these activities: petroleum, natural gas, and petroleum products 97% (2009 estimate).
Algeria’s most important export partners are the Spain 18.8%, France 11.2%, US 8.8%, Italy 8.7%, UK 7.1%, Brazil 5.2%, Tunisia 4.9%, Germany 4.5% (2015).
The most important imported products are capital goods, foodstuffs, consumer goods, and the countries from where the import is coming: China 15.6%, France 14.4%, Italy 9.4%, Spain 7.4%, Germany 5.6%, Russia 4.1% (2015).
Renewable energies used in Algeria
To suppress the pollution of the environment, renewable energies have to replace fossil energy. The more the proportion of renewable energies in a country means more effort against the pollution. Algeria, the indicator of how much of the country’s produced energy is coming from the hydroelectric source, is 1.8% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
To indicate how much another renewable energy produced is 0.2% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
Telecommunication data of Algeria, calling code
To maintain the economy, the development of a reliable and modern telecommunications infrastructure is crucial. We can say the following about Algeria; privatization of Algeria’s telecommunications sector began in 2000; three mobile cellular licenses have been issued. In 2005, a consortium led by Egypt‘s Orascom Telecom won a 15-year license to build and operate a fixed-line network in Algeria. Domestic: the rapid increase in mobile-cellular subscribership has offset a limited network of fixed lines with fewer than ten telephones per 100 persons; in 2015, mobile-cellular teledensity was roughly 116 telephones per 100 persons. International: country code – 213; landing point for the SEA-ME-WE-4 fiber-optic submarine cable system that provides links to Europe, the Middle East, and Asia; microwave radio relay to Italy, France, Spain, Morocco, and Tunisia; coaxial cable to Morocco and Tunisia; p (2015).
Transport infrastructure in Algeria
In the 21st century, we often say that the world has become small and there are no distances anymore. With widespread air travel when (sometimes) there are no visa restrictions, it is easy to reach other countries, but if the distance is not too long, we can also use railway or water transportation.
The number of airports in Algeria: 157 (2016), and heliports: 3 (2013).
The total length of the roadways in Algeria is 113,655 km, paved: 87,605 km (includes 645 km of expressways), and is unpaved: 26,050 km (2010).
The total length of the waterways in Algeria: N/A.
Facts & data about Algeria
Name of the country: conventional long way: The people’s Democratic Republic of Algeria, traditional short form: Algeria, local long form: Al Jumhuriyah al Jaza’iriyah ad Dimuqratiyah ash Sha’biyah, local short state: Al Jaza’ir, etymology: the country name derives from the capital city of Algiers.
|Abbreviation: Algeria||Geographic coordinates:|
28 00 N, 3 00 E
|Country Location: Africa|
|Capital of Algeria: Algiers||GPS of the Capital:|
36 45 N 3 03 E
|Position: Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Morocco and Tunisia|
|Land area: total: 2,381,741 sq km; land: 2,381,741 sq km, water: 0 sq km||Terrain: mostly high plateau and desert; some mountains; narrow, discontinuous coastal plain||Area comparative: slightly less than 3.5 times the size of Texas|
|Population: 40,263,711 (July 2016 estimate)||Population grow rate: 1.77% (2016 estimate)||Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s) / female, 0-14 years: 1.05 male(s) / female, 15-24 years: 1.05 male(s) / female, 25-54 years: 1.02 male(s) / female, 55-64 years: 1.03 male(s) / female, 65 years and over: 0.86 male(s) / female, total population: 1.03 male(s) / female (2016 estimate)|
|Exports: $26.91 billion (2016 estimate), $36 billion (2015 estimate)||Imports: $44.6 billion (2016 estimate), $50.7 billion (2015 estimate)||Import partners: China 15.6%, France 14.4%, Italy 9.4%, Spain 7.4%, Germany 5.6%, Russia 4.1% (2015)|
|Urbanization: urban population: 70.7% of the total population (2015)||Major urban area(s): ALGIERS (capital) 2.594 million; Oran 858,000 (2015)||Median age: total: 27.8 years; male: 27.5 years, female: 28.1 years (2016 estimate)|
|Internet users: total: 15.105 million. Percent of the population: 38.2% (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (fixed-lines): total subscriptions: 3,267,592. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 8 (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (mobile, cellular): total: 45.928 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 116 (July 2015 estimate)|
|Unemployment rate: 12.4% (2016 estimate)||Nationality: Algerian(s) adjective: Algerian||National holidays: Revolution Day, 1 November (1954)|
|Life expectancy at birth: total population: 76.8 years. Male: 75.5 years, female: 78.2 years (2016 estimate)||Total fertility rate: 2.74 children born / woman (2016 estimate)||Birthrate: 23 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate)|
|Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write. Total population: 80.2%; male: 87.2%, female: 73.1% (2015 estimate)||Legal system: mixed legal system of French civil law and Islamic law; judicial review of legislative acts in ad hoc Constitutional Council composed of various public officials including several Supreme Court justices||Suffrage: 18 years of age, universal|
|Industries: petroleum, natural gas, light industries, mining, electrical, petrochemical, food processing||Industrial production growth rate: 0.5% (2016 estimate)||GDP real growth rate: 3.6% (2016 estimate) 3.9% (2015 estimate) 3.8% (2014 estimate)|
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