|Borderline map of Libya||Location map of Libya||Flag of Libya|
Google maps and detailed facts of Libya, (LY). This page enables you to explore Libya and its border countries (Country location: Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Egypt, Tunisia, and Algeria) through detailed Satellite imagery - fast and easy as never before Google maps.
Find comprehensive information below about this country in its diversity: Google maps, geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government, and history - All in One Wiki page.
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Libya Google Map
The map below shows Libya with its cities, towns, highways, main roads, streets, and also providing Street Views. To find a location, use the form below, type any city or place and to view, just a simple map click on the "Show Map" button.
The Google map above is showing Libya with its location: Africa, (geographic coordinates: 25 00 N, 17 00 E) and the international borders of Libya; total: 4,339 km. Border countries (total: 6): Algeria 989 km, Chad 1,050 km, Egypt 1,115 km, Niger 342 km, Sudan 382 km, Tunisia 461 km furthermore it's inland counties boundaries.
Hint: Have a look at the Street view in Libya, or Africa. All you have to do is to drag and pull the little yellow man (named: Pegman) on the Google map above the desired location. After that, whenever it is available (more than 50 countries in the world), blue stripes will appear to show the photos and details from Google’s regularly updated data image base. In case if you have signed in to your Google account currently, you may have a look at the satellite map of this country/area as well.
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About Libya in detail
Where is Libya?
Libya, in case, if you are looking on the map under the Coordinates 32 53 N 13 10 E otherwise in Africa, in Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Egypt, Tunisia, and Algeria.
What is the capital city of Libya?
The capital city of Libya is: Tripoli.
What is the time in Tripoli?
It is 7 hours ahead of Washington, D.C. during Standard Time, the timezone of Tripoli is: UTC+2.
What is the Internet code for Libya?
The Top Level Domain (TLD) for Libya is: .ly
What is the size of Libya?
The territory of Libya is total: 1,759,540 sq km; land: 1,759,540 sq km, water: 0 sq km.
If we want to describe the size of the territory of Libya is about 2.5 times the size of Texas; slightly larger than Alaska.
If we would like to walk around and discover Libya, we can do that by covering the distance of total: 4,339 km.
What is the water coverage of Libya?
We have mentioned already on this website, that what percentage of Libya is covered by water (see below), and this includes 1,770 km coastline.
What is the climate like in Libya?
The climate of Libya is Mediterranean along coast: dry, extreme desert interior.
Geographical data of Libya
The elevation of Libya; mean elevation: 423 m, elevation extremes; lowest point: Sabkhat Ghuzayyil -47 m, highest point: Bikku Bitti 2,267 m.
The typical geographical details of Libya include mostly barren, flat to undulating plains, plateaus, depressions.
If we would like to describe the countries location from a different point of view, it is safe to say, and easy to read from a map, Libya is more than 90% of the country is desert or semidesert.
Resources and land use of Libya
The country’s main mined products are petroleum, natural gas, gypsum. The population partly uses the earlier highlighted land territory and partly left in its natural state: agricultural land: 8.8%; arable land 1%; permanent crops 0.2%; permanent pasture 7.6%; forest: 0.1%; other: 91.1% (2011 estimate).
Population data of Libya
The number of inhabitants of Libya is 6,541,948 (July 2015 estimate).
If we examine the proportion of population distribution, it is safe to say that well over 90% of the population lives along the Mediterranean coast in and between the western city of Az Zawiyah (just west of Tripoli) and the eastern city of Darnah; the interior remains vastly underpopulated due to the Sahara and lack of surface water.
If we are looking at the proportion of the urbanized and barely populated areas, these are the figures: urban population: 78.6% of total population (2015).
Most of the population in Libya is concentrated in TRIPOLI (capital) 1.126 million (2015).
Ethnicity in Libya
According to ethnicity details, the ethnic groups in this country are the following: Berber and Arab 97%, other 3% (includes Greeks, Maltese, Italians, Egyptians, Pakistanis, Turks, Indians, and Tunisians).
Spoken languages in Libya
The spoken languages in Libya are the following: Arabic (official language), Italian, English (all widely understood in the major cities); Berber (Nafusi, Ghadamis, Suknah, Awjilah, Tamasheq).
What are the most important religions in Libya?
During the general census, researchers examine the churches, according to this: Muslim (official; virtually all Sunni) 96.6%, Christian 2.7%, Buddhist 0.3%, Hindu.
Further population data of Libya
The proportion of gender and age tells a lot about the society as follows 0-14 years: 26.17% (male 875,430 / female 836,272) 15-24 years: 17.41% (male 586,713 / female 552,531) 25-54 years: 46.99% (male 1,613,168 / female 1,460,987) 55-64 years: 5.21% (male 174,023 / female 167,072) 65 years and over: 4.22% (male 137,409 / female 138,343) (2016 estimate). It also a significant factor in a society the population growth rate, which in the case of Libya is 1.8% (2016 estimate).
The population growth rate is based on two elements, the birth, and the death rate. In Libya the birth rate is 17.8 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate), the death rate 3.6 deaths / 1,000 population (2016 estimate).
In this day and age in the developed societies, the first child borns later compared to the previous centuries and decades, so the childbearing is extended. In Libya the average age of mothers at the first childbirth is .
In the best case scenario despite the fact that the birth of the children is postponed, the parents are still able to see their kids grow as the life expectancy is also extended. In the case of Libya, these figures are . With the introduction of modern medicine, the vaccinations and the proper hygienic conditions, the infant mortality rate is in a steep decline. The infant mortality statistics in Libya are the following: . Relevant data is the budget of healthcare, which is in the case of this country is 5% of GDP (2014).
Economic data of Libya
If we would like to describe a country, we also have to mention its economy; Libya's economy, almost entirely dependent on oil and gas exports, has struggled since 2014 as the country plunged into civil war and world oil prices dropped to seven-year lows. In early 2015, armed conflict between rival forces for control of the countrLibya’s economic transition away from QADHAFI’s notionally socialist model has completely stalled as political chaos persists and security continues to deteriorate. Libya’s leaders have hindered economic development by failing to use its financial resourcExtremists affiliated with the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) attacked Libyan oilfields in the first half of 2015; ISIL has a presence in many cities across Libya including near oil infrastructure, threatening future government revenues from.
GDP is an important figure as all the relevant calculations and statistics are based on it. GDP in Libya is $39.39 billion (2015 estimate).
An another important indicator is the rate of the GDP growth, which in Libya is -3.3% (2016 estimate) -6.4% (2015 estimate) -24% (2014 estimate).
These statistics are affecting the world economy, remember in 2015 when the Chinese real GDP growth rate was worse than expected; The world markets fall, and the Chinese stock exchange was temporally suspended.
A further major factor of a country’s economy, the GDP per capita. In Libya this is $14,200 (2016 estimate) $14,900 (2015 estimate) $16,000 (2014 estimate).
In the case of the economy, the Trinity is in common places, such as agriculture, industry, and services.
What are the agricultural products Libya produces?
The main agricultural products of Libya are wheat, barley, olives, dates, citrus, vegetables, peanuts, soybeans; cattle.
Regarding the economy, the important segments are petroleum, petrochemicals, aluminum, iron and steel, food processing, textiles, handicrafts, cement. The crucial and regularly mentioned GDP is based on petroleum, petrochemicals, aluminum, iron and steel, food processing, textiles, handicrafts, cement.
Drinking water source in Libya
It is important to mention, that - thanks to the development of the infrastructure -, the rate of potable water improved: urban: 54.2% of population, rural: 54.9% of population, total: 54.4% of population. Unimproved: urban: 45.8% of population, rural: 45.1% of population, total: 45.6% of population (2001 estimate).
Average number of childbirth in Libya
In Libya, the average number of childbirth is 2.04 children born / woman (2016 estimate).
Population, median age, migration, and citizenship in Libya
The average age of the population is total: 28.5 years; male: 28.6 years, female: 28.3 years (2016 estimate). The age of adulthood varies in every country of the world in Libya it is 18 years of age, universal.
In this age when we are experiencing an unprecedented scale of migration and globalization, it is an important factor the number of new coming immigrants. In Libya is 3.8 migrant(s) / 1,000 population (2016 estimate). It is important to know, how to apply for citizenship: citizenship by birth: no. Citizenship by descent only: at least one parent or grandparent must be a citizen of Libya. Dual citizenship recognized: no. Residency requirement for naturalization: varies from 3 to 5 years.
Is Libya a safe destination? Healthcare services and contagious diseases in Libya
Many of the travelers are looking into the healthcare services and contagious diseases of their destinations. In Libya density of the hospital beds is 3.7 beds / 1,000 population (2012).
According to WHO rating regarding contagious diseases in Libya the N/A.
However, the HIV is not curable but maintainable. Let’s do not forget when the disease surfaced it was a world threatening condition. Unfortunately, in some countries, it is still very high the number of infected patients and fatalities as a result of the disease.
In Libya the number of HIV/AIDS deaths: N/A.
Regarding tourism the obesity, not an important issue, but we have to mention among the health statistics, as it is the plague of the 20th and the 21st century. The rate obese adults in Libya is 31.9% (2014).
What are the natural hazards Libya? Is there any?
The most known natural risks in Libya are hot, dry, dust-laden ghibli is a southern wind lasting one to four days in spring and fall; dust storms, sandstorms.
More interesting facts about Libya
A few words about the past, as every country and society its connected to its history; The Italians supplanted the Ottoman Turks in the area around Tripoli in 1911 and did not relinquish their hold until 1943 when they were defeated in World War II. Libya then passed to UN administration and achieved independence in 1951. Following a 1969 military coup, Col. Muammar al-QADHAFI assumed leadership and began to espouse his political system at home, which was a combination of socialism and Islam. During the 1970s, QADHAFI used oil revenues to promote his ideology outside Libya, supporting subversive and terrorist activities that included the downing of two airliners - one over Scotland, another in Northern Africa - and a discotheque bombing in Berlin. UN sanctions in 1992 isolated QADHAFI politically and economically following the attacks; sanctions were lifted in 2003 following Libyan acceptance of responsibility for the bombings and agreement to claimant compensation. QADHAFI also agreed to end Libya's program to develop weapons of mass destruction, and he made significant strides in normalizing relations with Western nations.Unrest that began in several Middle Eastern and North African countries in late 2010 erupted in Libyan cities in early 2011. QADHAFI's brutal crackdown on protesters spawned a civil war that triggered UN authorization of air and naval intervention by the international community. After months of seesaw fighting between government and opposition forces, the QADHAFI regime was toppled in mid-2011 and replaced by a transitional government. Libya in 2012 formed a new parliament and elected a new prime minister. The country subsequently elected the House of Representatives in 2014, but remnants of the outgoing legislature refused to leave office and created a rival, Islamist-led government, the General National Congress. In October 2015, UN envoy to Libya, Bernardino LEON, proposed a power-sharing arrangement - known as the Libyan Political Agreement, which was signed by the rival governments two months later and subsequently endorsed by the UN. The agreement called for the formation of an interim Government of National Accord or GNA and the holding of general elections within two years. However, as of December 2016, the GNA had not secured House approval and several elements of the Libyan Political Agreement remained stalled, resulting in rival governments continuing to operate independently.
In every nation's memory, there are cornerstones that placed the country on the timeline of history. The date of declaration of independence of Libya: 24 December 1951 (from UN trusteeship).
The flag and other symbols of Libya
The colors, symbols, and animals on the flag usually have a historical background or related to an important milestone or memory of the nation.
This case is not an exception either, three horizontal bands of red (top), black (double width), and green with a white crescent and star centered on the black stripe; the National Transitional Council reintroduced this flag design of the former Kingdom of Libya (1951-1969) on 27 February 2011; it replaced the former all-green banner promulgated by the QADHAFI regime in 1977; the colors represent the three major regions of the country: red stands for Fezzan, black symbolizes Cyrenaica, and green denotes Tripolitania; the crescent and star represent Islam, the main religion of the country.
Apart from the flag, the symbol of the national unity is the national anthem. The main purpose of the anthem is to share the nation's core values, endeavors, and the patriotic feelings.
National symbols of Libya: star and crescent, hawk; national colors: red, black, green.
Constitution of Libya
The existence of the nation based on the constitution. Some constitutions knew around the world, like the U.S. Constitution that accepted on 17th of September 1787, in Philadelphia, the Constitution of the United States of America.
It is not related to the declaration of independence that was stolen by Nicolas Cage in the movie National Treasure 🙂
What is the legal system of Libya?
Most of the times, the legal system of a country is in the focus of lawyers. It is a common fact that there are two main approaches in the world, “the law in books” and “the law in action.”
In the Anglo-Saxon world, the practice is the “law in action” while in the rest of the world where the law based on Roman law, the “law in books.”
The legal system of Libya is Libya's post-revolution legal system is in flux and driven by state and non-state entities.
It was Aristotle, who founded Theory of 3 separations of powers. In his view, these are the council of public affairs, the magistrates, and the justice system. In the age of enlightenment was the time when terminologies have defined, the way we still use them. In most of the democratic countries, the three authorities separated from each other. In dictatorships, the authorities usually interweaved in one hand.
About the legislative branch of Libya, we can highlight the following structures unicameral Council of Deputies or Majlis Al Nuwab (200 seats including 32 reserved for women; members elected by direct popular vote; member term NA)elections: election last held in June 2014; note - the Libyan Supreme Court in November 2014 declared the House election unconstitutional, but the Council rejected the rulingelection results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - independent 200; note - not all 200 seats were filled in the June election because of boycotts and lack of security at some polling stations; some elected members of the Council also boycotted the election.
About the unemployment rate, labor force, and poverty line in Libya
One of the major problems of the 21st-century economy is the unemployment. Governments are struggling to maintain a low level of the unemployment rate, but as a result of automation, the cheap 3rd world labor and the outsourcing of workflow, these attempts are failing. In Libya the labor force is 1.153 million (2016 estimate). Please bear in mind that the population in Libya is total: 11.1 deaths / 1,000 live births; male: 12 deaths / 1,000 live births, female: 10.2 deaths / 1,000 live births (2016 estimate) - as we already mentioned above.
The rate of unemployment in Libya is 30% (2004 estimate).
It is widely known that the gap between the rich and poor is widening on an enormous scale.
According to the 2017 shocking Oxfam report, the richest eight people’s fortune is equal to the fortune of the poorest half of the world's population.
In Libya, the income of the households and consumption compared to the entire population: lowest 10%: NA% highest 10%: NA%.
Another widely used indicator is the so-called GINI index, which measures the inequalities of statistical dispersion, but mainly used for measuring the sharing of income and fortune.
The GINI index is named after its founder Corrado Gini an Italian economist. Gini index has grades between 0-1, but often it is used on a percentage basis. It is 0 if the examined criteria territorial distribution is equal. It is one if the criteria is concentrated on the territory. In Libya the GINI index is N/A.
The states usually set up a poverty line, which is more or less is a subjective measure. It varies by country its base is often the minimum pension, the incomes of the poorest 20 percent, the X percent of income per capita Etc.
In Libya, the people living under the poverty line is the lowest 10%: NA% highest 10%: NA%.
About the budget and central governments debt of Libya
Available budget mainly defines the state's economy. The budget of Libya is; revenues: $5.792 billion, expenditures: $13.71 billion (2016 estimate). Taxes and other revenues are 14.7% of GDP (2016 estimate).
The budget deficit (Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)) is .
The fiscal year in Libya is calendar year.
In country’s economy, we have to consider the public debt. Public debt is the consolidated sum of the state local, federal and central governments debt.
Inflation rate and prime lending rate in Libya
A few further interesting and important economic data are the fallowing; Inflation rate: 13% (2016 estimate), 12.1% (2015 estimate) and the rate of the Commercial bank prime lending rate: 6% (31 December 2016 estimate).
Export/import partners and data of Libya
Libya, with the export of products, industrial tools, and other services, generates revenue. The export value in Libya is: $10.65 billion (2016 estimate), $10.86 billion (2015 estimate). The total revenue of these activities: crude oil, refined petroleum products, natural gas, chemicals.
The most important imported products are: machinery, semi-finished goods, food, transport equipment, consumer products, and the countries from where the import is coming: China 14.8%, Italy 12.9%, Turkey 11.1%, Tunisia 6.5%, France 6.1%, Spain 4.6%, Syria 4.5%, Egypt 4.4%, South Korea 4.3% (2015).
Renewable energies used in Libya
As an attempt to suppress the pollution of the environment, renewable energies has to replace the fossil energy. The more the proportion of renewable energies in a country means more effort against the pollution. Libya, the indicator of how much of country’s produced energy is coming from hydroelectric source is 0% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
To indicate how much another renewable energy is produced is the 0.8% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
Telecommunication data of Libya, calling code
To maintain the economy, the development of a reliable and modern telecommunications infrastructure is crucial. We can say the following about Libya; Libya's civil war has disrupted its telecommunications sector, but much of its infrastructure remains superior to that in most other African countriesdomestic: combined fixed-line and mobile-cellular service generally adequate, but pressure to rebuild damaged infrastructure growinginternational: country code - 218; satellite earth stations - 4 Intelsat, NA Arabsat, and NA Intersputnik; submarine cable to France and Italy; microwave radio relay to Tunisia and Egypt; tropospheric scatter to Greece; participant in Medarabtel (2015).
Transport infrastructure in Libya
In the 21st century, we often say that the world has become small and there are no distances anymore. With widespread air travel when (sometimes) there are no visa restrictions, it is easy to reach other countries, but in case the distance is not too long, we can also use railway or water transportation.
The number of airports in Libya: 146 (2013), and the number of heliports: 2 (2013).
The total length of the roadways in Libya: total: 100,024 km, paved: 57,214 km, unpaved: 42,810 km (2003).
The total length of the waterways in Libya: N/A.
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Facts & data about Libya
Name of the country: conventional long form: none, conventional short form: Libya, local long form: none, local short form: Libiya. Note: name derives from the Libu, an ancient Libyan tribe first mentioned in texts from the 13th century B.C.
|Abbrevation: Libya||Geographic coordinates:
25 00 N, 17 00 E
|Country location: Africa|
|Capital of Libya: Tripoli||GPS of the Capital:
32 53 N 13 10 E
|Position: Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Egypt, Tunisia, and Algeria|
|Land area: total: 1,759,540 sq km; land: 1,759,540 sq km, water: 0 sq km||Terrain: mostly barren, flat to undulating plains, plateaus, depressions
||Area comparative: about 2.5 times the size of Texas; slightly larger than Alaska|
|Population: 6,541,948 (July 2015 estimate)||Population grow rate: 1.8% (2016 estimate)||Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s) / female, 0-14 years: 1.05 male(s) / female, 15-24 years: 1.06 male(s) / female, 25-54 years: 1.1 male(s) / female, 55-64 years: 1.04 male(s) / female, 65 years and over: 1.01 male(s) / female, total population: 1.07 male(s) / female, (2016 estimate)|
|Exports: $10.65 billion (2016 estimate), $10.86 billion (2015 estimate)||Imports: $9.551 billion (2016 estimate), $11.24 billion (2015 estimate)||Import partners: China 14.8%, Italy 12.9%, Turkey 11.1%, Tunisia 6.5%, France 6.1%, Spain 4.6%, Syria 4.5%, Egypt 4.4%, South Korea 4.3% (2015)|
|Urbanization: urban population: 78.6% of total population (2015)||Major urban area(s): TRIPOLI (capital) 1.126 million (2015)||Median age: total: 28.5 years; male: 28.6 years, female: 28.3 years (2016 estimate)
|Internet users: total: 1.219 million. Percent of population: 19% (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (fixed lines): total subscriptions: 632,000. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 10 (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (mobile, cellular): total: 9.918 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 155 (July 2015 estimate)|
|Unemployment rate: 30% (2004 estimate)||Nationality: Libyan(s) adjective: Libyan||National holidays: Liberation Day, 23 October (2011)|
|Life expectancy at birth: total population: 76.5 years. Male: 74.7 years, female: 78.3 years (2016 estimate)||Total fertility rate: 2.04 children born / woman (2016 estimate)||Birthrate: 17.8 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate)|
|Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write. Total population: 91%; male: 96.7%, female: 85.6% (2015 estimate)||Legal system: Libya's post-revolution legal system is in flux and driven by state and non-state entities||Suffrage: 18 years of age, universal|
|Industries: petroleum, petrochemicals, aluminum, iron and steel, food processing, textiles, handicrafts, cement||Industrial production growth rate: -6.7% (2016 estimate)||GDP real growth rate: -3.3% (2016 estimate) -6.4% (2015 estimate) -24% (2014 estimate)|
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