|Borderline map of Ghana||Location map of Ghana||Flag of Ghana|
Google maps and detailed facts of Ghana (GH). This page enables you to explore Ghana and its border countries (Country Location: Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Cote d’Ivoire and Togo) through detailed Satellite imagery – fast and easy as never before Google maps.
Find comprehensive information below about this country in its diversity: Google maps, geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government, and history – All in One Wiki page.
There is also Street View and free Driving Directions at your service. Your Google Satellite Map Sightseeing in Ghana, in Africa, starts here at Driving Directions and Maps.com.
Ghana Google maps™
The map below shows Ghana with its cities, towns, highways, main roads, streets, and Street Views. To find a location, use the form below, type any city or place, view just a simple map, and click on the “show map” button.
The Google map above shows Ghana with its location: Africa (geographic coordinates: 8 00 N, 2 00 W) and the international borders of Ghana; total: 2,420 km. Border countries (total: 3): Burkina Faso 602 km, Cote d’Ivoire 720 km, Togo 1,098 km; furthermore, it’s inland counties boundaries.
Hint: Look at the Street view in Ghana or Africa. All you have to do is drag and pull the little yellow man (named: Pegman) on the Google map above the desired location. After that, whenever it is available (more than 50 countries globally), blue stripes will appear to show the photos and details from Google’s regularly updated data image base. In case if you have signed in to your Google account currently, you may have a look at the satellite map of this country/area as well.
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About Ghana in detail
Where is Ghana?
What is the capital city of Ghana?
The capital city of Ghana is Accra.
What is the time in Accra?
It is 5 hours ahead of Washington, D.C. during Standard Time; Accra’s timezone is UTC 0.
What is the Internet code for Ghana?
The Top Level Domain (TLD) for Ghana is: .gh
What is the size of Ghana?
The territory of Ghana is total: 238,533 sq km; land: 227,533 sq km, water: 11,000 sq km.
If we want to describe the size of the territory of Ghana is somewhat smaller than Oregon.
If we would like to walk around and discover Ghana, we can cover a total distance: 2,420 km.
What is the water coverage of Ghana?
We have already mentioned what percentage of Ghana is covered by water (see below), including a 539 km coastline.
What is the climate like in Ghana?
Ghana’s climate is tropical: warm and comparatively dry along the southeast coast: hot and humid in the southwest: hot and dry in the north.
Geographical data of Ghana
The elevation of Ghana; mean elevation: 190 m, elevation extremes; lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m, highest point: Mount Afadjato 885 m.
The specific geographical details of Ghana include mostly low plains with dissected plateau in the south-central area.
Suppose we would like to describe the countries location from a different perspective. In that case, it is safe to say, and easy to read from a map, Ghana is Lake Volta is the world’s largest artificial lake (humanmade reservoir) by surface area (8,482 sq km; 3,275 sq mi); the lake was created following the completion of the Akosombo Dam in 1965, which holds back the White Volta and Black Volta Rivers.
Resources and land use of Ghana
The country’s main mined products are gold, timber, industrial diamonds, bauxite, manganese, fish, rubber, hydropower, petroleum, silver, salt, limestone. The population partly uses the earlier highlighted land territory and partly left in its natural state: agricultural land: 69.1%; arable land 20.7%; permanent crops 11.9%; permanent pasture 36.5%; forest: 21.2%; other: 9.7% (2011 estimate).
Population data of Ghana
The number of inhabitants of Ghana is 26,908,262 (July 2016 estimate).
If we examine the proportion of the population distribution, it is safe to say that N/A.
If we look at the proportion of the urbanized and barely populated areas, these are the figures: urban population: 54% of the total population (2015).
Most of Ghana’s population is concentrated in Kumasi, 2.599 million; ACCRA (capital) 2.277 million (2015).
Ethnicity in Ghana
According to ethnicity details, the ethnic groups are Akan 47.5%, Mole-Dagbon 16.6%, Ewe 13.9%, Ga-Dangme 7.4%, Gurma 5.7%, Guan 3.7%, Grusi 2.5%, Mande 1.1%, other 1.4% (2010 estimate).
Spoken languages in Ghana
The spoken languages in Ghana are the following: Asante 16%, Ewe 14%, Fante 11.6%, Boron (Brong) 4.9%, Dagomba 4.4%, Dangme 4.2%, Dagarte (Dagaba) 3.9%, Kokomba 3.5%, Akyem 3.2%, Ga 3.1%, other 31.2%. Note: English is the official language (2010 estimate).
What are the most important religions in Ghana?
During the general census, researchers examine the churches, according to this: Christian 71.2% (Pentecostal/Charismatic 28.3%, Protestant 18.4%, Catholic 13.1%, other 11.4%), Muslim 17.6%, traditional 5.2%, other 0.8%, none 5.2% (2010 estimate).
Further population data of Ghana
The proportion of gender and age tells a lot about the society as follows 0-14 years: 38.2% (male 5,164,505 / female 5,113,185) 15-24 years: 18.66% (male 2,498,185 / female 2,522,353) 25-54 years: 34.05% (male 4,445,321 / female 4,716,311) 55-64 years: 4.91% (male 642,984 / female 678,784) 65 years and over: 4.19% (male 520,589 / female 606,045) (2016 estimate). It also a significant factor in a society the population growth rate, which in the case of Ghana is 2.18% (2016 estimate).
The population growth rate is based on two elements, the birth, and the death rate. In Ghana the birth rate is 30.8 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate), the death rate 7.1 deaths / 1,000 population (2016 estimate).
In this day and age in developed societies, the first child borns later compared to the previous centuries and decades, so childbearing is extended. In Ghana, the average age of mothers at the first childbirth is N/A.
Although the children’s birth is postponed in the best-case scenario, the parents can still see their kids grow as life expectancy also extended. In the case of Ghana, these figures are. With the introduction of modern medicine, vaccinations, and the proper hygienic conditions, the infant mortality rate is in a steep decline. The infant mortality statistics in Ghana are the following: N/A. Relevant data is the budget of healthcare, which is in the case of this country is 3.6% of GDP (2014).
Economic data of Ghana
Suppose we would like to describe a country, we also have to mention its economy; Ghana’s economy was strengthened by a quarter-century of relatively sound management, a competitive business environment, and sustained reductions in poverty levels, but in recent years has suffered the consequences of loose fiscal policy, high budget. Agriculture accounts for about 20% of GDP and employs more than half of the workforce, mainly small landholders. Gold and cocoa exports, and individual remittances, are major sources of foreign exchange. As of 2016, the biggest single economic issue facing Ghana is the lack of consistent electricity. While the MAHAMA administration is taking steps to improve the situation, little progress has been made. Ghana signed a $920 million extended credit facility.
GDP is a prominent figure, as all the relevant calculations and statistics are based on it. GDP in Ghana is $42.76 billion (2015 estimate).
Another important indicator is the rate of GDP growth, which in Ghana is 3.3% (2016 estimate), 3.9% (2015 estimate) 4% (2014 estimate).
These statistics affect the world economy; remember, in 2015, the Chinese real GDP growth rate was worse than expected; The world markets fall, and the Chinese stock exchange was temporally suspended.
A further major factor of a country’s economy, the GDP per capita. In Ghana this is $4,400 (2016 estimate) $4,300 (2015 estimate) $4,300 (2014 estimate).
In the economy, the Trinity is in common places, such as agriculture, industry, and services.
What are the agricultural products Ghana produces?
Ghana’s main agricultural products are cocoa, rice, cassava (manioc, tapioca), peanuts, corn, shea nuts, bananas; timber.
The essential segments are mining, lumbering, light manufacturing, aluminum smelting, food processing, cement, small commercial shipbuilding, and petroleum. The crucial and regularly mentioned GDP is based on mining, lumbering, light manufacturing, aluminum smelting, food processing, cement, small commercial shipbuilding, petroleum.
Drinking water source in Ghana
It is essential to mention that – thanks to the development of the infrastructure -, the rate of potable water improved: urban: 92.6% of the population, rural: 84% of the people, total: 88.7% of the community. Unimproved; urban: 7.4% of the people, rural: 16% of the people, total: 11.3% of the population (2015 estimate).
The average number of childbirth in Ghana
In Ghana, the average delivery number is 4.03 children born / woman (2016 estimate).
Population, median age, migration, and citizenship in Ghana
The population’s average age is 21 years; male: 20.5 years, female: 21.5 years (2016 estimate). The age of adulthood varies in every country of the world in Ghana; it is 18 years of age, universal.
When we are experiencing an unprecedented scale of migration and globalization, it is an important factor in the number of new immigrants. In Ghana is -1.9 migrant(s) / 1,000 population (2016 estimate). It is important to know how to apply for citizenship: citizenship by birth: no. Citizenship by descent only: at least one parent or grandparent must be a citizen of Ghana. Dual citizenship recognized: yes, the residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years.
Is Ghana a safe destination? Healthcare services and infectious diseases in Ghana
Many of the travelers are looking into the healthcare services and infectious diseases of their destinations. In Ghana, the hospital beds’ density is 0.9 beds / 1,000 population (2011).
According to the WHO rating regarding contagious diseases in Ghana, the degree of risk: very high food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever vectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, and yellow fever water contact disease: schistosomiasis respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis animal contact disease: rabies (2016).
However, HIV is not curable but maintainable. Let’s do not forget when the disease surfaced; it was a world threatening condition. Unfortunately, in some countries, it is still very high the number of infected patients and fatalities due to the disease.
In Ghana, the number of HIV/AIDS deaths: N/A.
Regarding tourism obesity, not an important issue, but we have to mention health statistics, as it is the plague of the 20th and the 21st century. The rate of obese adults in Ghana is 10.9% (2014).
What are the natural hazards in Ghana? Is there any?
The most known natural risk in Ghana are dry, dusty, northeastern harmattan winds from January to March; droughts.
More interesting facts about Ghana
A few words about the past, as every country and society, are connected to its history; Formed from the British colony of the Gold Coast and the Togoland trust territory, Ghana in 1957 became the first sub-Saharan country in colonial Africa to gain its independence. Ghana endured a long series of coups before Lt. Jerry RAWLINGS took power in 1981 and banned political parties. After approving a new constitution and restoring multiparty politics in 1992, RAWLINGS won presidential elections in 1992 and 1996 but was constitutionally prevented from running for a third term in 2000. John KUFUOR succeeded him and was re-elected in 2004. John Atta MILLS won the 2008 presidential election and took over as head of state. Still, he died in July 2012 and was constitutionally succeeded by his vice president, John Dramani MAHAMA, who subsequently won the December 2012 presidential election.
In every nation’s memory, some cornerstones placed the country on the timeline of history. The date of declaration of independence of Ghana: 6 March 1957 (from the UK).
The flag and other symbols of Ghana
The colors, symbols, and animals on the flag usually have a historical background or an important milestone or memory of the nation.
This case is not an exception either; three equal horizontal bands of red (top), yellow, and green, with a massive black five-pointed star centered in the yellow band; red symbolizes the bloodshed for independence, yellow represents the country’s mineral wealth, while green stands for its forests and natural wealth; the black star is said to be the lodestar of African freedom. Note: uses the popular Pan-African colors of Ethiopia; similar to the flag of Bolivia, which has a coat of arms centered in the yellow band.
Apart from the flag, the symbol of national unity is the national anthem. The anthem’s primary purpose is to share the nation’s core values, endeavors, and patriotic feelings.
National symbols of Ghana: black star, golden eagle; national colors: red, yellow, green, black.
Constitution of Ghana
The existence of the nation is based on the constitution. Some constitutions knew worldwide, like the U.S. Constitution that was accepted on the 17th of September 1787, in Philadelphia, the United States of America’s Constitution.
It is not related to the declaration of independence that was stolen by Nicolas Cage in the movie National Treasure 🙂
What is the legal system of Ghana?
Most of the time, the legal system of a country is the focus of lawyers. It is a common fact that there are two main approaches in the world, “the law in books” and “the law in action.”
In the Anglo-Saxon world, the practice is the “law in action,” while in the rest of the world, the law is based on Roman law, the “law in books.”
The legal system of Ghana is a mixed system of English common law and customary law.
It was Aristotle who founded the Theory of 3 separations of powers. In his view, these are the council of public affairs, the magistrates, and the justice system. The age of enlightenment was the time when terminologies have defined the way we still use them. In most democratic countries, the three authorities separated from each other. In dictatorships, the rules usually interweaved in one hand.
About the legislative branch of Ghana, we can highlight the following structures unicameral Parliament (275 seats; members directly elected in single-seat constituencies by a simple majority vote to serve 4-year terms).
About the unemployment rate, labor force, and poverty line in Ghana
One of the major problems of the 21st-century economy is unemployment. Governments are struggling to maintain a low level of the unemployment rate. Still, as a result of automation, the cheap 3rd world labor, and the outsourcing of workflow, these attempts fail. In Ghana, the labor force is 11.99 million (2016 estimate). Please bear in mind that the population in Ghana is total: 36.3 deaths / 1,000 live births; male: 40.2 deaths / 1,000 live births, female: 32.2 deaths / 1,000 live births (2016 estimate) – as we already mentioned above.
The rate of unemployment in Ghana is 5.2% (2013 estimate).
Widely known that the gap between the rich and poor is widening on an enormous scale.
According to the 2017 shocking Oxfam report, the most affluent eight people’s fortune is equal to the wealth of the poorest half of the world’s population.
In Ghana, the households’ income and consumption are the lowest 10%: 2% highest 10%: 32.8% (2006).
Another widely used indicator is the so-called GINI index, which measures the inequalities of statistical dispersion, but is mainly used for measuring the sharing of income and fortune.
The GINI index was named after its founder Corrado Gini, an Italian economist. Gini index has grades between 0-1, but often it is used on a percentage basis. It is 0 if the examined criteria territorial distribution is equal. It is one of the criteria concentrated on the territory. In Ghana, the GINI index is .42,3 (2012-13).
The states usually set up a poverty line, which is more or less, is a subjective measure. It varies by country; its base is often the minimum pension, the incomes of the most deficient 20 percent, the X percent of income per capita Etc.
In Ghana, the poverty line people are the lowest 10%: 2% highest 10%: 32.8% (2006).
About the budget and central governments debt of Ghana
The available budget mainly defines the state’s economy. The budget of Ghana is; revenues: $9.068 billion, expenditures: $11.55 billion (2016 estimate). Taxes and other revenues are 21.2% of GDP (2016 estimate).
The budget deficit (Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)) is N/A.
The fiscal year in Ghana is the calendar year.
In the country’s economy, we have to consider the public debt. Public debt is the consolidated sum of the state’s local, federal, and central government debt.
Inflation rate and prime lending rate in Ghana
A few further interesting and relevant economic data are the following; Inflation rate: 17.8% (2016 estimate), 17.2% (2015 estimate), and the rate of the Commercial bank prime lending rate: 31.8% (31 December 2016 estimate).
Export/import partners and data of Ghana
Ghana, with the export of products, industrial tools, and other services, generates revenue. Ghana’s export value is $10.25 billion (2016 estimate), $10.36 billion (2015 estimate). The total revenue of these activities: oil, gold, cocoa, timber, tuna, bauxite, aluminum, manganese ore, diamonds, horticultural products.
The most important imported products are capital equipment, refined petroleum, foodstuffs, and the countries where the import is coming: China 32.6%, Nigeria 14%, Netherlands 5.5%, the United States 5.4% (2015).
Renewable energies used in Ghana
To suppress the pollution of the environment, renewable energies have to replace the fossil energy. The more the proportion of renewable energies in a country means more effort against pollution. Ghana, the indicator of how much of the country’s produced energy is coming from the hydroelectric source, is 54.6% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
To indicate how much another renewable energy produced is 0% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
Telecommunication data of Ghana, calling code
To maintain the economy, the development of a reliable and modern telecommunications infrastructure is crucial. We can say the following about Ghana; primarily microwave radio relay; wireless local loop has been installed; outdated and unreliable fixed-line infrastructure heavily concentrated in Accra. Domestic: competition among multiple mobile-cellular providers has spurred growth with a subscribership of more than 130 per 100 persons and rising. International: country code – 233; landing point for the SAT-3/WASC, Main One, and GLO-1 fiber-optic submarine cables that provide connectivity to South Africa, Europe, and Asia; satellite earth stations – 4 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean); microwave radio relay link to Panaf (2015).
Transport infrastructure in Ghana
In the 21st century, we often say that the world has become small and there are no distances anymore. With widespread air travel when (sometimes) there are no visa restrictions, it is easy to reach other countries, but if the distance is not too long, we can also use railway or water transportation.
The number of airports in Ghana: 10 (2013), and the number of heliports: N/A.
The total length of the roadways in Ghana: 109,515 km, paved: 13,787 km, unpaved: 95,728 km (2009).
The total length of the waterways in Ghana: 1,293 km (168 km for launches and lighters on Volta, Ankobra, and Tano Rivers; 1,125 km of arterial and feeder waterways on Lake Volta) (2011).
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Facts & data about Ghana
Name of the country: conventional long way: Republic of Ghana, traditional short form: Ghana, former: Gold Coast, etymology: named for the medieval West African kingdom of the same name, but whose location was actually further north than the modern country.
|Abbreviation: Ghana||Geographic coordinates:|
8 00 N, 2 00 W
|Country Location: Africa|
|Capital of Ghana: Accra||GPS of the Capital:|
5 33 N 0 13 W
|Position: Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Cote d’Ivoire and Togo|
|Land area: total: 238,533 sq km; land: 227,533 sq km, water: 11,000 sq km||Terrain: mostly low plains with dissected plateau in south-central area||Area comparative: somewhat smaller than Oregon|
|Population: 26,908,262 (July 2016 estimate)||Population grow rate: 2.18% (2016 estimate)||Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s) / female, 0-14 years: 1.01 male(s) / female, 15-24 years: 0.99 male(s) / female, 25-54 years: 0.94 male(s) / female, 55-64 years: 0.95 male(s) / female, 65 years and over: 0.86 male(s) / female, total population: 0.97 male(s) / female (2016 estimate)|
|Exports: $10.25 billion (2016 estimate), $10.36 billion (2015 estimate)||Imports: $13.73 billion (2016 estimate), $13.47 billion (2015 estimate)||Import partners: China 32.6%, Nigeria 14%, Netherlands 5.5%, US 5.4% (2015)|
|Urbanization: urban population: 54% of the total population (2015)||Major urban area(s): Kumasi 2.599 million; ACCRA (capital) 2.277 million (2015)||Median age: total: 21 years; male: 20.5 years, female: 21.5 years (2016 estimate)|
|Internet users: total: 6.181 million. Percent of the population: 23.5% (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (fixed-lines): total subscriptions: 275,570. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 1 (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (mobile, cellular): total: 35.008 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 133 (July 2015 estimate)|
|Unemployment rate: 5.2% (2013 estimate)||Nationality: Ghanaian(s) adjective: Ghanaian||National holidays: Independence Day, 6 March (1957)|
|Life expectancy at birth: total population: 66.6 years. Male: 64.1 years, female: 69.1 years (2016 estimate)||Total fertility rate: 4.03 children born / woman (2016 estimate)||Birthrate: 30.8 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate)|
|Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write. Total population: 76.6%; male: 82%, female: 71.4% (2015 estimate)||Legal system: mixed system of English common law and customary law||Suffrage: 18 years of age, universal|
|Industries: mining, lumbering, light manufacturing, aluminum smelting, food processing, cement, small commercial ship building, petroleum||Industrial production growth rate: -0.5% (2016 estimate)||GDP real growth rate: 3.3% (2016 estimate) 3.9% (2015 estimate) 4% (2014 estimate)|
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