There are three central regions in the country: the Namib Desert running down the entire Atlantic coastline, a central plateau of mountains, rugged outcrops, sandy valleys, and sparse grasslands to the east of the Namib; and further east and north, the Kalahari Desert. Also in the north of the country, is the Etosha Pan.
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The largest of Namibia’s salt lakes, the Etosha Pan, is surrounded by bush containing large numbers of Namibia’s varied wildlife. The larger species include elephant zebra, giraffe, and lion.
Namibia has poor rainfall. Windhoek, the capital, has the highest amount of rain, but even here, it only amounts to 200-250 millimeters or 8-10 inches per year.
Namibia is mostly a stock-rearing country where sheep, cattle, and goats raised. The economy of Namibia reflects the split often seen in African countries: the bulk of the population involved in subsistence farming and fighting a losing battle against the encroaching desert. In contrast, the country possesses some of the world’s largest and richest diamond fields.
Copper, uranium (Namibia has the world’s largest uranium mine), tungsten, and silver are among other minerals produced. One of Africa’s most fertile fishing grounds lies off the coast of Namibia. Mackerel, anchovies, and pilchards exported, although production has dropped in recent years due to overfishing.
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