|Borderline map of Madagascar||Location map of Madagascar||Flag of Madagascar|
Google maps and detailed facts of Madagascar, (MG). This page enables you to explore Madagascar and its border countries (Country location: Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Mozambique) through detailed Satellite imagery - fast and easy as never before Google maps.
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Madagascar Google Map
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The Google map above is showing Madagascar with its location: Africa, (geographic coordinates: 20 00 S, 47 00 E) and the international borders of Madagascar; 0 km furthermore it's inland counties boundaries.
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About Madagascar in detail
Where is Madagascar?
Madagascar, in case if you are looking on the map under the Coordinates 18 55 S 47 31 E otherwise in Africa, in Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Mozambique.
What is the capital city of Madagascar?
The capital city of Madagascar is: Antananarivo.
What is the time in Antananarivo?
It is 8 hours ahead of Washington, D.C. during Standard Time, the timezone of Antananarivo is: UTC+3.
What is the Internet code for Madagascar?
The Top Level Domain (TLD) for Madagascar is: .mg
What is the size of Madagascar?
The territory of Madagascar is total: 587,041 sq km; land: 581,540 sq km, water: 5,501 sq km.
If we want to describe the size of the territory of Madagascar is slightly less than twice the size of Arizona.
If we would like to walk around and discover Madagascar, we can do that by covering the distance of 0 km.
What is the water coverage of Madagascar?
We have mentioned already on this website, that what percentage of Madagascar is covered by water (see below), and this includes 4,828 km coastline.
What is the climate like in Madagascar?
The climate of Madagascar is tropical along coast, temperate inland, arid in south.
Geographical data of Madagascar
The elevation of Madagascar; mean elevation: 615 m, elevation extremes; lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m, highest point: Maromokotro 2,876 m.
The typical geographical details of Madagascar include narrow coastal plain, high plateau and mountains in center.
If we would like to describe the countries location from a different point of view, it is safe to say, and easy to read from a map, Madagascar is world's fourth-largest island; strategic location along Mozambique Channel.
Resources and land use of Madagascar
The country’s main mined products are graphite, chromite, coal, bauxite, rare earth elements, salt, quartz, tar sands, semiprecious stones, mica, fish, hydropower. The population partly uses the earlier highlighted land territory and partly left in its natural state: agricultural land: 71.1%; arable land 6%; permanent crops 1%; permanent pasture 64.1%; forest: 21.5%; other: 7.4% (2011 estimate).
Population data of Madagascar
The number of inhabitants of Madagascar is 24,430,325 (July 2016 estimate).
If we examine the proportion of population distribution, it is safe to say that N/A.
If we are looking at the proportion of the urbanized and barely populated areas, these are the figures: urban population: 35.1% of total population (2015).
Most of the population in Madagascar is concentrated in ANTANANARIVO (capital) 2.61 million (2015).
Ethnicity in Madagascar
According to ethnicity details, the ethnic groups in this country are the following: Malayo-Indonesian (Merina and related Betsileo), Cotiers (mixed African, Malayo-Indonesian, and Arab ancestry - Betsimisaraka, Tsimihety, Antaisaka, Sakalava), French, Indian, Creole, Comoran.
Spoken languages in Madagascar
The spoken languages in Madagascar are the following: French (official language), Malagasy (official language), English.
What are the most important religions in Madagascar?
During the general census, researchers examine the churches, according to this: Christian, indigenous believer, Muslim. Note: population largely practices Christianity or an indigenous religion; small share of population is Muslim.
Further population data of Madagascar
The proportion of gender and age tells a lot about the society as follows 0-14 years: 40.17% (male 4,947,260 / female 4,865,379) 15-24 years: 20.44% (male 2,503,395 / female 2,489,482) 25-54 years: 31.83% (male 3,889,063 / female 3,887,633) 55-64 years: 4.31% (male 511,336 / female 540,868) 65 years and over: 3.26% (male 360,520 / female 435,389) (2016 estimate). It also a significant factor in a society the population growth rate, which in the case of Madagascar is 2.54% (2016 estimate).
The population growth rate is based on two elements, the birth, and the death rate. In Madagascar the birth rate is 32.1 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate), the death rate 6.7 deaths / 1,000 population (2016 estimate).
In this day and age in the developed societies, the first child borns later compared to the previous centuries and decades, so the childbearing is extended. In Madagascar the average age of mothers at the first childbirth is .
In the best case scenario despite the fact that the birth of the children is postponed, the parents are still able to see their kids grow as the life expectancy is also extended. In the case of Madagascar, these figures are . With the introduction of modern medicine, the vaccinations and the proper hygienic conditions, the infant mortality rate is in a steep decline. The infant mortality statistics in Madagascar are the following: . Relevant data is the budget of healthcare, which is in the case of this country is 3% of GDP (2014).
Economic data of Madagascar
If we would like to describe a country, we also have to mention its economy; Agriculture, including fishing and forestry, is a mainstay of the economy, accounting for more than one-fourth of GDP and employing roughly 80% of the population. Deforestation and erosion, aggravated by the use of firewood as the primary source of fuel,After discarding socialist economic policies in the mid-1990s, Madagascar followed a World Bank- and IMF-led policy of privatization and liberalization until the onset of a political crisis, which lasted from 2009 to 2013. The free market strategy had plaMadagascar regained AGOA access in January 2015 following the democratic election of a new president the previous year. In November 2015, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) approved a Rapid Credit Facility to Madagascar worth about $42.1 million to hel.
GDP is an important figure as all the relevant calculations and statistics are based on it. GDP in Madagascar is $9.74 billion (2015 estimate).
An another important indicator is the rate of the GDP growth, which in Madagascar is 4.1% (2016 estimate) 3.1% (2015 estimate) 3.3% (2014 estimate).
These statistics are affecting the world economy, remember in 2015 when the Chinese real GDP growth rate was worse than expected; The world markets fall, and the Chinese stock exchange was temporally suspended.
A further major factor of a country’s economy, the GDP per capita. In Madagascar this is $1,500 (2016 estimate) $1,500 (2015 estimate) $1,500 (2014 estimate).
In the case of the economy, the Trinity is in common places, such as agriculture, industry, and services.
What are the agricultural products Madagascar produces?
The main agricultural products of Madagascar are coffee, vanilla, sugarcane, cloves, cocoa, rice, cassava (manioc, tapioca), beans, bananas, peanuts; livestock products.
Regarding the economy, the important segments are meat processing, seafood, soap, beer, leather, sugar, textiles, glassware, cement, automobile assembly plant, paper, petroleum, tourism, mining. The crucial and regularly mentioned GDP is based on meat processing, seafood, soap, beer, leather, sugar, textiles, glassware, cement, automobile assembly plant, paper, petroleum, tourism, mining.
Drinking water source in Madagascar
It is important to mention, that - thanks to the development of the infrastructure -, the rate of potable water improved: urban: 81.6% of population, rural: 35.3% of population, total: 51.5% of population. Unimproved: urban: 18.4% of population, rural: 64.7% of population, total: 48.5% of population (2015 estimate).
Average number of childbirth in Madagascar
In Madagascar the average number of childbirth is 4.12 children born / woman (2016 estimate).
Population, median age, migration, and citizenship in Madagascar
The average age of the population is total: 19.5 years; male: 19.3 years, female: 19.7 years (2016 estimate). The age of adulthood varies in every country of the world in Madagascar it is 18 years of age, universal.
In this age when we are experiencing an unprecedented scale of migration and globalization, it is an important factor the number of new coming immigrants. In Madagascar is 0 migrant(s) / 1,000 population (2016 estimate). It is important to know, how to apply for citizenship: citizenship by birth: no. Citizenship by descent only: the father must be a citizen of Madagascar; in the case of a child born out of wedlock, the mother must be a citizen. Dual citizenship recognized: no. Residency requirement for naturalization: unknown.
Is Madagascar a safe destination? Healthcare services and contagious diseases in Madagascar
Many of the travelers are looking into the healthcare services and contagious diseases of their destinations. In Madagascar density of the hospital beds is 0.2 beds / 1,000 population (2010).
According to WHO rating regarding contagious diseases in Madagascar the degree of risk: very highfood or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fevervectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue feverwater contact disease: schistosomiasisanimal contact disease: rabies (2016).
However, the HIV is not curable but maintainable. Let’s do not forget when the disease surfaced it was a world threatening condition. Unfortunately, in some countries, it is still very high the number of infected patients and fatalities as a result of the disease.
In Madagascar the number of HIV/AIDS deaths: .
Regarding tourism the obesity, not an important issue, but we have to mention among the health statistics, as it is the plague of the 20th and the 21st century. The rate obese adults in Madagascar is 4.6% (2014).
What are the natural hazards Madagascar? Is there any?
The most known natural risks in Madagascar are periodic cyclones; drought; and locust infestationvolcanism: Madagascar's volcanoes have not erupted in historical times.
More interesting facts about Madagascar
A few words about the past, as every country and society its connected to its history; Madagascar was one of the last major landmasses on earth to be colonized by humans. The earliest settlers from present-day Indonesia arrived between A.D. 350 and 550. The island attracted Arab and Persian traders as early as the 7th century, and migrants from Africa arrived around A.D. 1000. Madagascar was a pirate stronghold during the late 17th and early 18th centuries, and served as a slave trading center into the 19th century. From the 16th to the late 19th century, a native Merina Kingdom dominated much of Madagascar. The island was conquered by the French in 1896 who made it a colony; independence was regained in 1960. During 1992-93, free presidential and National Assembly elections were held ending 17 years of single-party rule. In 1997, in the second presidential race, Didier RATSIRAKA, the leader during the 1970s and 1980s, was returned to the presidency. The 2001 presidential election was contested between the followers of Didier RATSIRAKA and Marc RAVALOMANANA, nearly causing secession of half of the country. In April 2002, the High Constitutional Court announced RAVALOMANANA the winner. RAVALOMANANA won a second term in 2006 but, following protests in 2009, handed over power to the military, which then conferred the presidency on the mayor of Antananarivo, Andry RAJOELINA, in what amounted to a coup d'etat. Following a lengthy mediation process led by the Southern African Development Community, Madagascar held UN-supported presidential and parliamentary elections in 2013. Former de facto finance minister Hery RAJAONARIMAMPIANINA won a runoff election in December 2013 and was inaugurated in January 2014..
In every nation's memory, there are cornerstones that placed the country on the timeline of history. The date of declaration of independence of Madagascar: 26 June 1960 (from France).
The flag and other symbols of Madagascar
The colors, symbols, and animals on the flag usually have a historical background or related to an important milestone or memory of the nation.
This case is not an exception either, two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and green with a vertical white band of the same width on hoist side; by tradition, red stands for sovereignty, green for hope, white for purity.
Apart from the flag, the symbol of the national unity is the national anthem. The main purpose of the anthem is to share the nation's core values, endeavors, and the patriotic feelings.
National symbols of Madagascar: traveller's palm, zebu; national colors: red, green, white.
Constitution of Madagascar
The existence of the nation based on the constitution. Some constitutions knew around the world, like the U.S. Constitution that accepted on 17th of September 1787, in Philadelphia, the Constitution of the United States of America.
It is not related to the declaration of independence that was stolen by Nicolas Cage in the movie National Treasure 🙂
What is the legal system of Madagascar?
Most of the times, the legal system of a country is in the focus of lawyers. It is a common fact that there are two main approaches in the world, “the law in books” and “the law in action.”
In the Anglo-Saxon world, the practice is the “law in action” while in the rest of the world where the law based on Roman law, the “law in books.”
The legal system of Madagascar is a civil law system based on the old French civil code and customary law in matters of marriage, family, and obligation.
It was Aristotle, who founded Theory of 3 separations of powers. In his view, these are the council of public affairs, the magistrates, and the justice system. In the age of enlightenment was the time when terminologies have defined, the way we still use them. In most of the democratic countries, the three authorities separated from each other. In dictatorships, the authorities usually interweaved in one hand.
About the legislative branch of Madagascar, we can highlight the following structures unicameral National Assembly or Antenimierampirenena (151 seats; 87 members directly elected in single-seat constituencies by simple majority vote and 64 directly elected in two-seat constituencies by proportional representation vote; members serve 4-year terms)elections: National Assembly - last held on 20 December 2013 (next to be held in 2017); note - a power-sharing agreement in the summer of 2009 established a 15-month transition, concluding in general elections held in 2013 after repeated delayselection results: National Assembly - percent of vote by party - MPAR 17.3%, MR 10.8%, VPM MMM 8.2%, PHI 3.8%, AMHM 3.5%, LF 2.8%, FFF 1.6%, AIM 1.0%, SFN 0.3%, independent and other 50.6%; seats by party - MPAR 49, MR 20, VPM MMM 13, PHI 5, AMHM 2, LF 5, FFF 2, AIM 2, SFN 2, other 22, independent 25, seats with delayed elections 4.
About the unemployment rate, labor force, and poverty line in Madagascar
One of the major problems of the 21st-century economy is the unemployment. Governments are struggling to maintain a low level of the unemployment rate, but as a result of automation, the cheap 3rd world labor and the outsourcing of workflow, these attempts are failing. In Madagascar the labor force is 12.98 million (2016 estimate). Please bear in mind that the population in Madagascar is total: 42.4 deaths / 1,000 live births; male: 46.3 deaths / 1,000 live births, female: 38.5 deaths / 1,000 live births (2016 estimate) - as we already mentioned above.
The rate of unemployment in Madagascar is N/A % (2015 estimate).
It is widely known that the gap between the rich and poor is widening on an enormous scale.
According to the 2017 shocking Oxfam report, the richest eight people’s fortune is equal to the fortune of the poorest half of the world's population.
In Madagascar, the income of the households and consumption compared to the entire population: lowest 10%: 2.2% highhest 10%: 34.7% (2010 estimate).
Another widely used indicator is the so-called GINI index, which measures the inequalities of statistical dispersion, but mainly used for measuring the sharing of income and fortune.
The GINI index is named after its founder Corrado Gini an Italian economist. Gini index has grades between 0-1, but often it is used on a percentage basis. It is 0 if the examined criteria territorial distribution is equal. It is one if the criteria is concentrated on the territory. In Madagascar the GINI index is .47,5 (2001).
The states usually set up a poverty line, which is more or less is a subjective measure. It varies by country its base is often the minimum pension, the incomes of the poorest 20 percent, the X percent of income per capita Etc.
In Madagascar the people living under the poverty line is lowest 10%: 2.2% highhest 10%: 34.7% (2010 estimate).
About the budget and central governments debt of Madagascar
Available budget mainly defines the state's economy. The budget of Madagascar is; revenues: $1.171 billion, expenditures: $1.616 billion (2016 estimate). Taxes and other revenues are 12% of GDP (2016 estimate).
The budget deficit (Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)) is .
The fiscal year in Madagascar is calendar year.
In country’s economy, we have to consider the public debt. Public debt is the consolidated sum of the state local, federal and central governments debt.
Inflation rate and prime lending rate in Madagascar
A few further interesting and important economic data are the fallowing; Inflation rate: 9.2% (2016 estimate), 7.4% (2015 estimate) and the rate of the Commercial bank prime lending rate: 62% (31 December 2016 estimate).
Export/import partners and data of Madagascar
Madagascar, with the export of products, industrial tools, and other services, generates revenue. The export value in Madagascar is: $2.266 billion (2016 estimate), $2.238 billion (2015 estimate). The total revenue of these activities: coffee, vanilla, shellfish, sugar, cotton cloth, clothing, chromite, petroleum products.
The most important imported products are: capital goods, petroleum, consumer goods, food, and the countries from where the import is coming: China 24.8%, France 10.3%, Bahrain 5.6%, India 5.5%, Kuwait 4.5%, Mauritius 4.5%, South Africa 4.3% (2015).
Renewable energies used in Madagascar
As an attempt to suppress the pollution of the environment, renewable energies has to replace the fossil energy. The more the proportion of renewable energies in a country means more effort against the pollution. Madagascar, the indicator of how much of country’s produced energy is coming from hydroelectric source is 30.1% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
To indicate how much another renewable energy is produced is the 0.2% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
Telecommunication data of Madagascar, calling code
To maintain the economy, the development of a reliable and modern telecommunications infrastructure is crucial. We can say the following about Madagascar; system is above average for the region; competition among the three mobile service providers has spurred recent growth in the mobile marketdomestic: combined fixed-line and mobile-cellular teledensity about 45 per 100 personsinternational: country code - 261; landing point for the EASSy, SEACOM, and LION fiber-optic submarine cable systems; satellite earth stations - 2 (1 Intelsat - Indian Ocean, 1 Intersputnik - Atlantic Ocean region) (2015).
Transport infrastructure in Madagascar
In the 21st century, we often say that the world has become small and there are no distances anymore. With widespread air travel when (sometimes) there are no visa restrictions, it is easy to reach other countries, but in case the distance is not too long, we can also use railway or water transportation.
The number of airports in Madagascar: 83 (2013), and the number of heliports: N/A.
The total length of the roadways in Madagascar: total: 37,476 km, paved: 6,103 km, unpaved: 31,373 km (2010).
The total length of the waterways in Madagascar: 600 km (432 km navigable) (2011).
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Facts & data about Madagascar
Name of the country: conventional long form: Republic of Madagascar, conventional short form: Madagascar, local long form: Republique de Madagascar/Repoblikan'i Madagasikara, local short form: Madagascar/Madagasikara, former: Malagasy Republic. Note: the name "Madageiscar" was first used by the 13th-century Venetian explorer Marco POLO, as a corrupted transliteration of Mogadishu, the Somali port with which POLO confused the island.
|Abbrevation: Madagascar||Geographic coordinates:
20 00 S, 47 00 E
|Country location: Africa|
|Capital of Madagascar: Antananarivo||GPS of the Capital:
18 55 S 47 31 E
|Position: Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Mozambique|
|Land area: total: 587,041 sq km; land: 581,540 sq km, water: 5,501 sq km||Terrain: narrow coastal plain, high plateau and mountains in center
||Area comparative: slightly less than twice the size of Arizona|
|Population: 24,430,325 (July 2016 estimate)||Population grow rate: 2.54% (2016 estimate)||Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s) / female, 0-14 years: 1.02 male(s) / female, 15-24 years: 1.01 male(s) / female, 25-54 years: 1 male(s) / female, 55-64 years: 0.95 male(s) / female, 65 years and over: 0.83 male(s) / female, total population: 1 male(s) / female, (2016 estimate)|
|Exports: $2.266 billion (2016 estimate), $2.238 billion (2015 estimate)||Imports: $2.717 billion (2016 estimate), $2.683 billion (2015 estimate)||Import partners: China 24.8%, France 10.3%, Bahrain 5.6%, India 5.5%, Kuwait 4.5%, Mauritius 4.5%, South Africa 4.3% (2015)|
|Urbanization: urban population: 35.1% of total population (2015)||Major urban area(s): ANTANANARIVO (capital) 2.61 million (2015)||Median age: total: 19.5 years; male: 19.3 years, female: 19.7 years (2016 estimate)
|Internet users: total: 994,000. Percent of population: 4.2% (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (fixed lines): total subscriptions: 253,000. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 1 (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (mobile, cellular): total: 11.152 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 47 (July 2015 estimate)|
|Unemployment rate: N/A % (2015 estimate)||Nationality: Malagasy (singular and plural) adjective: Malagasy||National holidays: Independence Day, 26 June (1960)|
|Life expectancy at birth: total population: 65.9 years. Male: 64.4 years, female: 67.4 years (2016 estimate)||Total fertility rate: 4.12 children born / woman (2016 estimate)||Birthrate: 32.1 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate)|
|Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write. Total population: 64.7%; male: 66.7%, female: 62.6% (2015 estimate)||Legal system: civil law system based on the old French civil code and customary law in matters of marriage, family, and obligation||Suffrage: 18 years of age, universal|
|Industries: meat processing, seafood, soap, beer, leather, sugar, textiles, glassware, cement, automobile assembly plant, paper, petroleum, tourism, mining||Industrial production growth rate: 3.7% (2016 estimate)||GDP real growth rate: 4.1% (2016 estimate) 3.1% (2015 estimate) 3.3% (2014 estimate)|
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