|Borderline map of Senegal||Location map of Senegal||Flag of Senegal|
Google maps and detailed facts of Senegal (SN). This page enables you to explore Senegal and its border countries (Country Location: Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea-Bissau and Mauritania) through detailed Satellite imagery – fast and easy as never before Google maps.
Find comprehensive information below about this country in its diversity: Google maps, geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government, and history – All in One Wiki page.
There is also Street View and free Driving Directions at your service. Your Google Satellite Map Sightseeing in Senegal, in Africa, starts here at Driving Directions and Maps.com.
Senegal Google maps™
The map below shows Senegal with its cities, towns, highways, main roads, streets, and Street Views. To find a location, use the form below, type any city or place, view just a simple map, and click on the “show map” button.
The Google map above shows Senegal with its location: Africa (geographic coordinates: 14 00 N, 14 00 W) and the international borders of Senegal; total: 2,684 km. Border countries (total: 5): The Gambia 749 km, Guinea 363 km, Guinea-Bissau 341 km, Mali 489 km, Mauritania 742 km; furthermore, it’s inland counties boundaries.
Hint: Look at the Street view in Senegal or Africa. All you have to do is drag and pull the little yellow man (named: Pegman) on the Google map above the desired location. After that, whenever it is available (more than 50 countries globally), blue stripes will appear to show the photos and details from Google’s regularly updated data image base. In case if you have signed in to your Google account currently, you may have a look at the satellite map of this country/area as well.
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About Senegal in detail
Where is Senegal?
What is the capital city of Senegal?
The capital city of Senegal is Dakar.
What is the time in Dakar?
It is 5 hours ahead of Washington, D.C. during Standard Time; Dakar’s timezone is UTC 0.
What is the Internet code for Senegal?
The Top Level Domain (TLD) for Senegal is: .sn
What is the size of Senegal?
The territory of Senegal is total: 196,722 sq km; land: 192,530 sq km, water: 4,192 sq km.
If we want to describe the size of the territory of Senegal is somewhat smaller than South Dakota.
If we would like to walk around and discover Senegal, we can cover a total distance: 2,684 km.
What is the water coverage of Senegal?
We have already mentioned what percentage of Senegal is covered by water (see below), including a 531 km coastline.
What is the climate like in Senegal?
Senegal’s climate is tropical: hot, humid: rainy season (May to November) has strong southeast winds: the dry season (December to April) dominated by hot, dry, harmattan wind.
Geographical data of Senegal
Senegal’s elevation; mean elevation: 69 m, elevation extremes; lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m, highest point: unnamed elevation southwest of Kedougou 581 m.
The specific geographical details of Senegal generally include low, rolling plains rising to foothills in the southeast.
Suppose we would like to describe the countries location from a different perspective. In that case, it is safe to say, and easy to read from a map, Senegal is the westernmost country on the African continent; The Gambia is almost an enclave within Senegal.
Resources and land use of Senegal
The country’s main mined products are fish, phosphates, iron ore. The population partly uses the earlier highlighted land territory and partly left in its natural state: agricultural land: 46.8%; arable land 17.4%; permanent crops 0.3%; permanent pasture 29.1%; forest: 43.8%; other: 9.4% (2011 estimate).
Population data of Senegal
The number of inhabitants of Senegal is 14,320,055 (July 2016 estimate).
If we examine the proportion of the population distribution, it is safe to say that N/A.
If we look at the proportion of the urbanized and barely populated areas, these are the figures: urban population: 43.7% of the total population (2015).
Most of Senegal’s population is concentrated in DAKAR (capital), 3.52 million (2015).
Ethnicity in Senegal
According to ethnicity details, the ethnic groups are Wolof 38.7%, Pular 26.5%, Serer 15%, Mandinka 4.2%, Jola 4%, Soninke 2.3%, other 9.3% (includes Europeans and persons of Lebanese descent) (2010-11 estimate).
Spoken languages in Senegal
The spoken languages in Senegal are the following: French (official language), Wolof, Pulaar, Jola, Mandinka.
What are the most important religions in Senegal?
During the general census, researchers examine the churches, according to this: Muslim 95.4% (most adhere to one of the four main Sufi brotherhoods), Christian 4.2% (mostly Roman Catholic), animist 0.4% (2010-11 estimate).
Further population data of Senegal
The proportion of gender and age tells a lot about the society as follows 0-14 years: 41.85% (male 3,011,233 / female 2,981,128) 15-24 years: 20.36% (male 1,452,415 / female 1,462,989) 25-54 years: 30.93% (male 2,031,035 / female 2,398,788) 55-64 years: 3.91% (male 242,429 / female 317,439) 65 years and over: 2.95% (male 189,201 / female 233,398) (2016 estimate). It also a significant factor in a society the population growth rate, which in the case of Senegal is 2.42% (2016 estimate).
The population growth rate is based on two elements, the birth and the death rate. In Senegal the birth rate is 34 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate), the death rate 8.3 deaths / 1,000 population (2016 estimate).
In this day and age in developed societies, the first child borns later compared to the previous centuries and decades, so childbearing is extended. In Senegal, the average age of mothers at the first childbirth is N/A.
Although the children’s birth is postponed in the best-case scenario, the parents can still see their kids grow as life expectancy also extended. In the case of Senegal, these figures are. With the introduction of modern medicine, vaccinations, and the proper hygienic conditions, the infant mortality rate is in a steep decline. The infant mortality statistics in Senegal are the following: N/A. Relevant data is the budget of healthcare, which is in the case of this country is 4.7% of GDP (2014).
Economic data of Senegal
Suppose we would like to describe a country, we also have to mention its economy; Senegal’s economy is driven by mining, construction, tourism, fisheries, and agriculture, which is the primary source of employment in rural areas. The country’s key export industries include phosphate mining, fertilizer production, agricultural products. President Macky SALL, who was elected in March 2012 under a reformist policy agenda, inherited an economy with high energy costs, a challenging business environment, and an overspending culture. Senegal is receiving technical support from the IMF from 2015-2017 under a Policy Support Instrument (PSI) to assist with implementing the ESP.
GDP is a prominent figure, as all the relevant calculations and statistics are based on it. GDP in Senegal is $14.87 billion (2015 estimate).
Another important indicator is the rate of GDP growth, which in Senegal is 6.6% (2016 estimate), 6.5% (2015 estimate) 4.3% (2014 estimate).
These statistics affect the world economy; remember, in 2015, the Chinese real GDP growth rate was worse than expected; The world markets fall, and the Chinese stock exchange was temporarily suspended.
A further major factor of a country’s economy, the GDP per capita. In Senegal this is $2,600 (2016 estimate) $2,500 (2015 estimate) $2,400 (2014 estimate).
In the economy, the Trinity is in common places, such as agriculture, industry, and services.
What are the agricultural products Senegal produces?
Senegal’s main agricultural products are peanuts, millet, corn, sorghum, rice, cotton, tomatoes, green vegetables, cattle, poultry, pigs; fish.
Regarding the economy, the important segments are agricultural and fish processing, phosphate mining, fertilizer production, petroleum refining, zircon, and gold mining, construction materials, ship construction, and repair.
Drinking water source in Senegal
It is essential to mention that – thanks to the development of the infrastructure -, the rate of potable water improved: urban: 92.9% of the population, rural: 67.3% of the people, total: 78.5% of the population. Unimproved: urban: 7.1% of the population, rural: 32.7% of the population, total: 21.5% of the population (2015 estimate).
The average number of childbirth in Senegal
In Senegal, the average delivery number is 4.36 children born / woman (2016 estimate).
Population, median age, migration, and citizenship in Senegal
The population’s average age is 18.7 years; male: 17.8 years, female: 19.6 years (2016 estimate). The age of adulthood varies in every country of the world in Senegal; it is 18 years of age, universal.
When we are experiencing an unprecedented scale of migration and globalization, it is an important factor in the number of new immigrants. In Senegal is -1.5 migrant(s) / 1,000 population (2016 estimate). It is important to know how to apply for citizenship: citizenship by birth: no. Citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Senegal. Dual citizenship recognized: no, but Senegalese citizens do not automatically lose their citizenship if they acquire citizenship in another state residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years.
Is Senegal a safe destination? Healthcare services and infectious diseases in Senegal
Many of the travelers are looking into the healthcare services and infectious diseases of their destinations. In Senegal, the hospital beds’ density is 0.3 beds / 1,000 population (2008).
According to the WHO rating regarding contagious diseases in Senegal, the degree of risk: very high food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever water contact disease: schistosomiasis. Respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis animal contact disease: rabies (2016).
However, HIV is not curable but maintainable. Let’s do not forget when the disease surfaced; it was a world threatening condition. Unfortunately, in some countries, it is still very high the number of infected patients and fatalities due to the disease.
In Senegal, the number of HIV/AIDS deaths: N/A.
Regarding tourism obesity, not an important issue, but we have to mention health statistics, as it is the plague of the 20th and the 21st century. The rate of obese adults in Senegal is 8.3% (2014).
What are the natural hazards in Senegal? Is there any?
The most known natural risk in Senegal are lowlands seasonally flooded; periodic droughts.
More interesting facts about Senegal
A few words about the past, as every country and society is connected to its history; The French colonies of Senegal and French Sudan were merged in 1959 and granted independence in 1960 as the Mali Federation. The union broke up after only a few months. Senegal joined with The Gambia to form the nominal confederation of Senegambia in 1982. The envisaged integration of the two countries was never implemented, and the union was dissolved in 1989.
The Movement of Democratic Forces in the Casamance has led a low-level separatist insurgency in southern Senegal since the 1980s, and several peace deals have failed to resolve the conflict. Nevertheless, Senegal remains one of Africa’s most stable democracies and has a long history of participating in international peacekeeping and regional mediation. A Socialist Party ruled Senegal for 40 years until Abdoulaye WADE was elected president in 2000. He was re-elected in 2007 and, during his two terms, amended Senegal’s constitution over a dozen times to increase executive power and weaken the opposition. His decision to run for a third presidential term sparked an enormous public backlash that led to his defeat in a March 2012 runoff with Macky SALL, whose time runs until 2019. A 2016 constitutional referendum reduced the term to five years with a maximum of two consecutive terms for future presidents.
In every nation’s memory, some cornerstones placed the country on the timeline of history. The date of declaration of independence of Senegal: 4 April 1960 (from France); note – complete freedom achieved upon dissolution of federation with Mali on 20 August 1960.
The flag and other symbols of Senegal
The colors, symbols, and animals on the flag usually have a historical background or an important milestone or memory of the nation.
This case is not an exception either; three equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), yellow, and red with a small green five-pointed star centered in the yellow band; green represents Islam, progress, and hope; yellow signifies natural wealth and progress; red symbolizes sacrifice and determination; the star denotes unity and hope. Note: uses the popular Pan-African colors of Ethiopia; the colors from left to right are the same as those of neighboring Mali and the reverse of those on the flag of neighboring Guinea.
Apart from the flag, the symbol of national unity is the national anthem. The anthem’s primary purpose is to share the nation’s core values, endeavors, and patriotic feelings.
National symbols of Senegal: lion; national colors: green, yellow, red.
Constitution of Senegal
The existence of the nation is based on the constitution. Some constitutions knew worldwide, like the U.S. Constitution that was accepted on the 17th of September 1787, in Philadelphia, the United States of America’s Constitution.
It is not related to the declaration of independence that was stolen by Nicolas Cage in the movie National Treasure 🙂
What is the legal system of Senegal?
Most of the time, the legal system of a country is the focus of lawyers. It is a common fact that there are two main approaches in the world, “the law in books” and “the law in action.”
In the Anglo-Saxon world, the practice is the “law in action,” while in the rest of the world, the law is based on Roman law, the “law in books.”
Senegal’s legal system is a civil law system based on French law; judicial review of legislative acts in Constitutional Court.
It was Aristotle who founded the Theory of 3 separations of powers. In his view, these are the council of public affairs, the magistrates, and the justice system. The age of enlightenment was the time when terminologies have defined the way we still use them. In most democratic countries, the three authorities separated from each other. In dictatorships, the rules usually interweaved in one hand.
About the legislative branch of Senegal, we can highlight the following structures unicameral National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (150 seats; 90 members directly elected in single- and multi-seat constituencies by simple majority vote and 60 directly elected in single- and multi-seat constituencies by proportional representation vote; members serve 5-year terms).
About the unemployment rate, labor force, and poverty line in Senegal
One of the major problems of the 21st-century economy is unemployment. Governments are struggling to maintain a low level of the unemployment rate. Still, as a result of automation, the cheap 3rd world labor, and the outsourcing of workflow, these attempts fail. In Senegal, the labor force is 6.737 million (2016 estimate). Please bear in mind that the population in Senegal is total: 50.3 deaths / 1,000 live births; male: 56.3 deaths / 1,000 live births, female: 44.2 deaths / 1,000 live births (2016 estimate) – as we already mentioned above.
The rate of unemployment in Senegal is 48% (2007 estimate).
Widely known that the gap between the rich and poor is widening on an enormous scale.
According to the 2017 shocking Oxfam report, the most affluent eight people’s fortune is equal to the wealth of the poorest half of the world’s population.
In Senegal, the households’ income and consumption compared to the entire population: lowest 10%: 2.5% highest 10%: 31.1% (2011).
Another widely used indicator is the so-called GINI index, which measures the inequalities of statistical dispersion, but is mainly used for measuring the sharing of income and fortune.
The GINI index was named after its founder Corrado Gini, an Italian economist. Gini index has grades between 0-1, but often it is used on a percentage basis. It is 0 if the examined criteria territorial distribution is equal. It is one of the criteria concentrated on the territory. In Senegal, the GINI index is .40,3 (2011).
The states usually set up a poverty line, which is more or less, is a subjective measure. It varies by country; its base is often the minimum pension, the incomes of the most deficient 20 percent, the X percent of income per capita Etc.
In Senegal, the poverty line people are the lowest 10%: 2.5% highest 10%: 31.1% (2011).
About the budget and central governments debt of Senegal
The available budget mainly defines the state’s economy. Senegal’s budget is; revenues: $3.839 billion, expenditures: $4.453 billion (2016 estimate). Taxes and other revenues are 25.8% of GDP (2016 estimate).
The budget deficit (Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)) is N/A.
The fiscal year in Senegal is the calendar year.
In the country’s economy, we have to consider the public debt. Public debt is the consolidated sum of the state’s local, federal, and central government debt.
Inflation rate and prime lending rate in Senegal
A few further interesting and relevant economic data are the following; Inflation rate: 1.6% (2016 estimate), 0.1% (2015 estimate), and the rate of the Commercial bank prime lending rate: 14.3% (31 December 2016 estimate).
Export/import partners and data of Senegal
Senegal, with the export of products, industrial tools, and other services, generates revenue. The export value in Senegal is: $2.443 billion (2016 estimate), $2.31 billion (2015 estimate). These activities’ total revenue: fish, groundnuts (peanuts), petroleum products, phosphates, cotton.
The most important imported products are food and beverages, capital goods, fuels, and the countries where the import is coming: France 17.9%, China 10%, Nigeria 8.7%, India 5.6%, Spain 4.9%, Netherlands 4.5% (2015).
Renewable energies used in Senegal
To suppress the pollution of the environment, renewable energies have to replace the fossil energy. The more the proportion of renewable energies in a country means more effort against pollution. Senegal, the indicator of how much of the country’s produced energy is coming from the hydroelectric source, is 0% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
To indicate how much another renewable energy produced is 0.3% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
Telecommunication data of Senegal, calling code
To maintain the economy, the development of a reliable and modern telecommunications infrastructure is crucial. We can say Senegal’s following: a good system with microwave radio relay, coaxial cable, and fiber-optic cable in the trunk system. Domestic: above-average urban system with a fiber-optic network; about two-thirds of all fixed-line connections are in Dakar where a call-center industry is emerging; expansion of fixed-line services in rural areas needed; mobile-cellular service is expanding rapidly. International: country code – 221; the SAT-3/WASC fiber-optic cable provides connectivity to Europe and Asia while Atlantis-2 provides connectivity to South America; satellite earth station – 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean) (2015).
Transport infrastructure in Senegal
In the 21st century, we often say that the world has become small and there are no distances anymore. With widespread air travel when (sometimes) there are no visa restrictions, it is easy to reach other countries, but if the distance is not too long, we can also use railway or water transportation.
The number of airports in Senegal: 20 (2013), and the number of heliports: N/A.
The total length of the roadways in Senegal: 15,000 km, paved: 5,300 km (includes 7 km of expressways), unpaved: 9,700 km (2015).
The total length of the waterways in Senegal: 1,000 km (primarily on the Senegal, Saloum, and Casamance Rivers) (2012).
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Facts & data about Senegal
Name of the country: conventional long way: the Republic of Senegal, traditional short form: Senegal, local long form: Republique du Senegal, local short state: Senegal, former: Senegambia (along with The Gambia), Mali Federation, etymology: named for the Senegal River that forms the northern border of the country; many theories exist for the origin of the river name; perhaps the most widely cited derives the name from “Azenegue,” the Portuguese appellation for the Berber Zenaga people who lived north of the river.
|Abbreviation: Senegal||Geographic coordinates:|
14 00 N, 14 00 W
|Country Location: Africa|
|Capital of Senegal: Dakar||GPS of the Capital:|
14 44 N 17 38 W
|Position: Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea-Bissau and Mauritania|
|Land area: total: 196,722 sq km; land: 192,530 sq km, water: 4,192 sq km||Terrain: generally low, rolling, plains rising to foothills in the southeast||Area comparative: somewhat smaller than South Dakota|
|Population: 14,320,055 (July 2016 estimate)||Population grow rate: 2.42% (2016 estimate)||Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s) / female, 0-14 years: 1.01 male(s) / female, 15-24 years: 0.99 male(s) / female, 25-54 years: 0.85 male(s) / female, 55-64 years: 0.76 male(s) / female, 65 years and over: 0.82 male(s) / female, total population: 0.94 male(s) / female (2016 estimate)|
|Exports: $2.443 billion (2016 estimate), $2.31 billion (2015 estimate)||Imports: $5.001 billion (2016 estimate), $4.918 billion (2015 estimate)||Import partners: France 17.9%, China 10%, Nigeria 8.7%, India 5.6%, Spain 4.9%, Netherlands 4.5% (2015)|
|Urbanization: urban population: 43.7% of the total population (2015)||Major urban area(s): DAKAR (capital) 3.52 million (2015)||Median age: total: 18.7 years; male: 17.8 years, female: 19.6 years (2016 estimate)|
|Internet users: total: 3.031 million. Percent of the population: 21.7% (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (fixed-lines): total subscriptions: 300,219. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 2 (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (mobile, cellular): total: 14.959 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 107 (July 2015 estimate)|
|Unemployment rate: 48% (2007 estimate)||Nationality: Senegalese (singular and plural) adjective: Senegalese||National holidays: Independence Day, 4 April (1960)|
|Life expectancy at birth: total population: 61.7 years. Male: 59.7 years, female: 63.8 years (2016 estimate)||Total fertility rate: 4.36 children born / woman (2016 estimate)||Birthrate: 34 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate)|
|Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write. Total population: 57.7%; male: 69.7%, female: 46.6% (2015 estimate)||Legal system: civil law system based on French law; judicial review of legislative acts in Constitutional Court||Suffrage: 18 years of age, universal|
|Industries: agricultural and fish processing, phosphate mining, fertilizer production, petroleum refining, zircon, and gold mining, construction materials, ship construction and repair||Industrial production growth rate: 7.5% (2016 estimate)||GDP real growth rate: 6.6% (2016 estimate) 6.5% (2015 estimate) 4.3% (2014 estimate)|
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