|Borderline map of Somalia||Location map of Somalia||Flag of Somalia|
Google maps and detailed facts of Somalia, (SO). This page enables you to explore Somalia and its border countries (Location: Eastern Africa, bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean, east of Ethiopia) through detailed Satellite imagery - fast and easy as never before Google maps.
Find comprehensive information below about this country in its diversity: geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government, and history - All in One Wiki page!
There is also Street View and free Driving Directions at your service. Your Google Satellite Map Sightseeing in Somalia, in Africa starts here at Driving Directions And Maps.com!
Somalia Google Map
The map below shows Somalia with its cities, towns, highways, main roads, streets and also providing Street Views. To find a location use the form below, type any city or place and to view, just a simple map click on the "Show Map" button.
The Google map above is showing Somalia with its location: Africa, (geographic coordinates: 10 00 N, 49 00 E) and the international borders of Somalia; total: 2,385 km. Border countries (total: 3): Djibouti 61 km, Ethiopia 1,640 km, Kenya 684 km furthermore its inland counties boundaries.
Hint: Have a look at the Street view in Somalia, or Africa. All you have to do is to drag and pull the little yellow man (named: Pegman) on the Google map above the desired location. After that whenever it is available (more than 50 countries in the world), blue stripes will appear to show the photos and details from Google’s regularly updated data image base.
The map of Somalia, Africa is informational use only. No representation is made or warranty given as to any map or its content by Driving Directions and Maps site. User assumes all risk of use of this Somalia Google map and facts/wiki.
About Somalia in detail
Where is Somalia?
Somalia, in case if you are looking on the map under the Coordinates 2 04 N 45 20 E otherwise in Africa, in Eastern Africa, bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean, east of Ethiopia.
What is the capital of Somalia?
The capital city of Somalia is: Mogadishu.
What is the time in Mogadishu?
It is 8 hours ahead of Washington DC during Standard Time, the timezone of Mogadishu is: UTC+3.
What is the Internet code for Somalia?
The Top Level Domain (TLD) for Somalia is: .so
What is the size of Somalia?
The territory of Somalia is total: 637,657 sq km; land: 627,337 sq km, water: 10,320 sq km.
If we want to describe the size of the territory of Somalia is almost five times the size of Alabama; slightly smaller than Texas.
If we would like to walk around and discover Somalia, we can do that by covering the distance of total: 2,385 km.
What is the water coverage of Somalia?
We have mentioned already on this website, that what percentage of Somalia is covered by water (see below), and this includes 3,025 km coastline.
What is the climate like in Somalia?
The climate of Somalia is principally desert: northeast monsoon (December to February), moderate temperatures in north and hot in south: southwest monsoon (May to October), torrid in the north and hot in the south, irregular rainfall, hot and humid periods (tangambili) between monsoons.
Geographical data of Somalia
The elevation of Somalia; mean elevation: 410 m, elevation extremes; lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m, highest point: Shimbiris 2,416 m.
The typical geographical details of Somalia include mostly flat to undulating plateau rising to hills in north.
If we would like to describe the countries location from a different point of view, it is safe to say, and easy to read from a map, Somalia is strategic location on Horn of Africa along southern approaches to Bab el Mandeb and route through Red Sea and Suez Canal.
Resources and land use of Somalia
The country’s main mined products are uranium and largely unexploited reserves of iron ore, tin, gypsum, bauxite, copper, salt, natural gas, likely oil reserves. The population partly uses the earlier highlighted land territory and partly left in its natural state: agricultural land: 70.3%; arable land 1.8%; permanent crops 0%; permanent pasture 68.5%; forest: 10.6%; other: 19.1% (2011 estimate).
Population data of Somalia
The number of inhabitants of Somalia is 10,817,354 (July 2016 estimate).
If we examine the proportion of population distribution, it is safe to say that N/A.
If we are looking at the proportion of the urbanized and barely populated areas, these are the figures: urban population: 39.6% of total population (2015).
Most of the population in Somalia is concentrated in MOGADISHU (capital) 2.138 million; Hargeysa 760,000 (2015).
Ethnicity in Somalia
According to ethnicity details, the ethnic groups in this country are the following: Somali 85%, Bantu and other non-Somali 15% (including 30,000 Arabs).
Spoken languages in Somalia
The spoken languages in Somalia are the following: Somali (official language), Arabic (official language, according to the Transitional Federal Charter), Italian, English.
What are the most important religions in Somalia?
During the general census, researchers examine the churches, according to this: Sunni Muslim (Islam) (official, according to the Transitional Federal Charter).
Further population data of Somalia
The proportion of gender and age tells a lot about the society as follows 0-14 years: 43.42% (male 2,345,536 / female 2,351,886) 15-24 years: 18.87% (male 1,031,804 / female 1,009,831) 25-54 years: 31.47% (male 1,762,093 / female 1,641,699) 55-64 years: 4.02% (male 213,259 / female 221,520) 65 years and over: 2.22% (male 92,966 / female 146,760) (2016 estimate). It also a significant factor in a society the population growth rate, which in the case of Somalia is 1.92% (2016 estimate).
The population growth rate is based on two elements, the birth, and the death rate. In Somalia the birth rate is 40 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate), the death rate 13.3 deaths / 1,000 population (2016 estimate).
In this day and age in the developed societies, the first child borns later compared to the previous centuries and decades, so the childbearing is extended. In Somalia the average age of mothers at the first childbirth is .
In the best case scenario despite the fact that the birth of the children is postponed, the parents are still able to see their kids grow as the life expectancy is also extended. In the case of Somalia, these figures are . With the introduction of modern medicine, the vaccinations and the proper hygienic conditions, the infant mortality rate is in a steep decline. The infant mortality statistics in Somalia are the following: . Relevant data is the budget of healthcare, which is in the case of this country is N/A.
Economic data of Somalia
If we would like to describe a country, we also have to mention its economy; Despite the lack of effective national governance, Somalia maintains an informal economy largely based on livestock, remittance/money transfer companies, and telecommunications. Somalia's government lacks the ability to collect domestic revenue and externAgriculture is the most important sector, with livestock normally accounting for about 40% of GDP and more than 50% of export earnings. Nomads and semi-pastoralists, who are dependent upon livestock for their livelihood, make up a large portion of the popIn recent years, Somalia's capital city, Mogadishu, has witnessed the development of the city's first gas stations, supermarkets, and airline flights to Turkey since the collapse of central authority in 1991. Mogadishu's main market offers a variety of go.
GDP is an important figure as all the relevant calculations and statistics are based on it. GDP in Somalia is $5.8 billion (2014 estimate).
An another important indicator is the rate of the GDP growth, which in Somalia is 2.6% (2010 estimate) 2.6% (2009 estimate) 2.6% (2008 estimate).
These statistics are affecting the world economy, remember in 2015 when the Chinese real GDP growth rate was worse than expected; The world markets fall, and the Chinese stock exchange was temporally suspended.
A further major factor of a country’s economy, the GDP per capita. In Somalia this is $400 (2014 estimate) $400 (2013 estimate) $600 (2008 estimate).
In the case of the economy, the Trinity is in common places, such as agriculture, industry, and services.
What are the agricultural products Somalia produces?
The main agricultural products of Somalia are bananas, sorghum, corn, coconuts, rice, sugarcane, mangoes, sesame seeds, beans; cattle, sheep, goats; fish.
Regarding the economy, the important segments are light industries, including sugar refining, textiles, wireless communication. The crucial and regularly mentioned GDP is based on light industries, including sugar refining, textiles, wireless communication.
Drinking water source in Somalia
It is important to mention, that - thanks to the development of the infrastructure -, the rate of potable water improved: urban: 69.6% of population, rural: 8.8% of population, total: 31.7% of population. Unimproved: urban: 30.4% of population, rural: 91.2% of population, total: 68.3% of population (2011 estimate).
Average number of childbirth in Somalia
In Somalia the average number of childbirth is 5.89 children born / woman (2016 estimate).
Population, median age, migration, and citizenship in Somalia
The average age of the population is total: 17.9 years; male: 18.1 years, female: 17.8 years (2016 estimate). The age of adulthood varies in every country of the world in Somalia it is 18 years of age, universal.
In this age when we are experiencing an unprecedented scale of migration and globalization, it is an important factor the number of new coming immigrants. In Somalia is -7.5 migrant(s) / 1,000 population (2016 estimate). It is important to know, how to apply for citizenship: citizenship by birth: no. Citizenship by descent only: the father must be a citizen of Somalia. Dual citizenship recognized: no. Residency requirement for naturalization: 7 years.
Is Somalia a safe destination? Healthcare services and contagious diseases in Somalia
Many of the travelers are looking into the healthcare services and contagious diseases of their destinations. In Somalia density of the hospital beds is N/A.
According to WHO rating regarding contagious diseases in Somalia the degree of risk: very highfood or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fevervectorborne diseases: dengue fever, malaria, and Rift Valley feverwater contact disease: schistosomiasisanimal contact disease: rabies (2016).
However, the HIV is not curable but maintainable. Let’s do not forget when the disease surfaced it was a world threatening condition. Unfortunately, in some countries, it is still very high the number of infected patients and fatalities as a result of the disease.
In Somalia the number of HIV/AIDS deaths: .
Regarding tourism the obesity, not an important issue, but we have to mention among the health statistics, as it is the plague of the 20th and the 21st century. The rate obese adults in Somalia is 3.9% (2014).
What are the natural hazards Somalia? Is there any?
The most known natural risks in Somalia are recurring droughts; frequent dust storms over eastern plains in summer; floods during rainy season.
More interesting facts about Somalia
A few words about the past, as every country and society its connected to its history; Britain withdrew from British Somaliland in 1960 to allow its protectorate to join with Italian Somaliland and form the new nation of Somalia. In 1969, a coup headed by Mohamed SIAD Barre ushered in an authoritarian socialist rule characterized by the persecution, jailing, and torture of political opponents and dissidents. After the regime's collapse early in 1991, Somalia descended into turmoil, factional fighting, and anarchy. In May 1991, northern clans declared an independent Republic of Somaliland that now includes the administrative regions of Awdal, Woqooyi Galbeed, Togdheer, Sanaag, and Sool. Although not recognized by any government, this entity has maintained a stable existence and continues efforts to establish a constitutional democracy, including holding municipal, parliamentary, and presidential elections. The regions of Bari, Nugaal, and northern Mudug comprise a neighboring semi-autonomous state of Puntland, which has been self-governing since 1998 but does not aim at independence; it has also made strides toward reconstructing a legitimate, representative government but has suffered some civil strife. Puntland disputes its border with Somaliland as it also claims the regions of Sool and Sanaag, and portions of Togdheer. Beginning in 1993, a two-year UN humanitarian effort (primarily in south-central Somalia) was able to alleviate famine conditions, but when the UN withdrew in 1995, having suffered significant casualties, order still had not been restored. In 2000, the Somalia National Peace Conference (SNPC) held in Djibouti resulted in the formation of an interim government, known as the Transitional National Government (TNG). When the TNG failed to establish adequate security or governing institutions, the Government of Kenya, under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), led a subsequent peace process that concluded in October 2004 with the election of Abdullahi YUSUF Ahmed as President of a second interim government, known as the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) of the Somali Republic. The TFG included a 275-member parliamentary body, known as the Transitional Federal Parliament (TFP). President YUSUF resigned late in 2008 while United Nations-sponsored talks between the TFG and the opposition Alliance for the Re-Liberation of Somalia (ARS) were underway in Djibouti. In January 2009, following the creation of a TFG-ARS unity government, Ethiopian military forces, which had entered Somalia in December 2006 to support the TFG in the face of advances by the opposition Islamic Courts Union (ICU), withdrew from the country. The TFP was doubled in size to 550 seats with the addition of 200 ARS and 75 civil society members of parliament. The expanded parliament elected Sheikh SHARIF Sheikh Ahmed, the former ICU and ARS chairman as president in January 2009. The creation of the TFG was based on the Transitional Federal Charter (TFC), which outlined a five-year mandate leading to the establishment of a new Somali constitution and a transition to a representative government following national elections. In 2009, the TFP amended the TFC to extend TFG's mandate until 2011 and in 2011 Somali principals agreed to institute political transition by August 2012. The transition process ended in September 2012 when clan elders replaced the TFP by appointing 275 members to a new parliament who subsequently elected a new president..
In every nation's memory, there are cornerstones that placed the country on the timeline of history. The date of declaration of independence of Somalia: 1 July 1960 (from a merger of British Somaliland that became independent from the UK on 26 June 1960 and Italian Somaliland that became independent from the Italian-administered UN trusteeship on 1 July 1960 to form the Somali Republic).
The flag and other symbols of Somalia
The colors, symbols, and animals on the flag usually have a historical background or related to an important milestone or memory of the nation.
This case is not an exception either, light blue with a large white five-pointed star in the center; the blue field was originally influenced by the flag of the UN, but today is said to denote the sky and the neighboring Indian Ocean; the five points of the star represent the five regions in the horn of Africa that are inhabited by Somali people: the former British Somaliland and Italian Somaliland (which together make up Somalia), Djibouti, Ogaden (Ethiopia), and the North East Province (Kenya).
Apart from the flag, the symbol of the national unity is the national anthem. The main purpose of the anthem is to share the nation's core values, endeavors, and the patriotic feelings.
National symbols of Somalia: leopard; national colors: blue, white.
Constitution of Somalia
The existence of the nation based on the constitution. Some constitutions knew around the world, like the U.S. Constitution that accepted on 17th of September 1787, in Philadelphia, the Constitution of United States of America.
It is not related to the declaration of independence that was stolen by Nicolas Cage in the movie National Treasure 🙂
What is the legal system of Somalia?
Most of the times the legal system of a country is in the focus of lawyers. It is a common fact that there are two main approaches in the world, “the law in books” and “the law in action.”
In the Anglo-Saxon world, the practice is the “law in action” while in the rest of the world where the law based on Roman law, the “law in books.”
The legal system of Somalia is mixed legal system of civil law, Islamic law, and customary law (referred to as Xeer).
It was Aristotle, who founded the theory of 3 separations of powers. In his view, these are the council of public affairs, the magistrates, and the justice system. In the age of enlightenment was the time when terminologies have been defined, the way we still use them. In most of the democratic countries, the three authorities are separated from each other. In dictatorships, the authorities are usually interwoven in one hand.
About the legislative branch of Somalia, we can highlight the following structures unicameral National Parliament or Golaha Shacabka Soomaaliya consists of the House of the People (275 seats; members directly elected to serve 4-year terms). Note: the inaugural House of the People was appointed in September 2012 by clan elders; elections scheduled for 23 October to 10 November 2016, the National Parliament will become bicameral with the formation of an upper house that will consist of 54 seats with members indirectly elected by regional governing councils to serve 4-year terms; composition of lower house NA.
About the unemployment rate, labor force, and poverty line in Somalia
One of the major problems of the 21st-century economy is the unemployment. Governments are struggling to maintain a low level of the unemployment rate, but as a result of automation, the cheap 3rd world labor and the outsourcing of workflow, these attempts are failing. In Somalia the labor force is 3.109 million (2013 estimate). Please bear in mind that the population in Somalia is total: 96.6 deaths / 1,000 live births; male: 105.2 deaths / 1,000 live births, female: 87.7 deaths / 1,000 live births (2016 estimate) - as we already mentioned above.
The rate of unemployment in Somalia is N/A %.
It is widely known that the gap between the rich and poor is widening on an enormous scale.
According to the 2017 shocking Oxfam report, the richest eight people’s fortune is equal to the fortune of the poorest half of the world's population.
In Somalia, the income of the households and consumption compared to the entire population: lowest 10%: NA% highhest 10%: NA%.
Another widely used indicator is the so-called GINI index, which measures the inequalities of statistical dispersion, but mainly used for measuring the sharing of income and fortune.
The GINI index is named after its founder Corrado Gini an Italian economist. Gini index has grades between 0-1, but often it is used on a percentage basis. It is 0 if the examined criteria territorial distribution is equal. It is one if the criteria is concentrated on the territory. In Somalia the GINI index is N/A.
The states usually set up a poverty line, which is more or less is a subjective measure. It varies by country its base is often the minimum pension, the incomes of the poorest 20 percent, the X percent of income per capita Etc.
In Somalia the people living under the poverty line is lowest 10%: NA% highhest 10%: NA%.
About the budget and central governments debt of Somalia
Available budget mainly defines the state's economy. The budget of Somalia is; revenues: $145.3 million, expenditures: $151.1 million (2014 estimate). Taxes and other revenues are 2.5% of GDP (2014 estimate).
The budget deficit (Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)) is .
The fiscal year in Somalia is N/A.
In country’s economy, we have to consider the public debt. Public debt is the consolidated sum of the state local, federal and central governments debt.
Inflation rate and prime lending rate in Somalia
A few further interesting and important economic data are the fallowing; Inflation rate: -71.1% (2014 estimate). Note: (2014 estimate) and the rate of the Commercial bank prime lending rate: NA%.
Export/import partners and data of Somalia
Somalia, with the export of products, industrial tools, and other services, generates revenue. The export value in Somalia is: $819 million (2014 estimate), $779 million (2013 estimate). The total revenue of these activities: livestock, bananas, hides, fish, charcoal, scrap metal.
The most important imported products are: manufactures, petroleum products, foodstuffs, construction materials, qat, and the countries from where the import is coming: Djibouti 18.7%, India 16.5%, China 11.8%, Oman 8.7%, Kenya 6.1%, Pakistan 4.4% (2015).
Renewable energies used in Somalia
As an attempt to suppress the pollution of the environment, renewable energies has to replace the fossil energy. The more the proportion of renewable energies in a country means more effort against the pollution. Somalia, the indicator of how much of country’s produced energy is coming from hydroelectric source is 0% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
To indicate how much another renewable energy is produced is the 0% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
Telecommunication data of Somalia, calling code
To maintain the economy, the development of a reliable and modern telecommunications infrastructure is crucial. We can say the following about Somalia; the public telecommunications system was almost completely destroyed or dismantled during the civil war; private companies offer limited local fixed-line service, and private wireless companies offer service in most major cities, while charging the lowestdomestic: local cellular telephone systems have been established in Mogadishu and in several other population centers with one company beginning to provide 3G services in late 2012international: country code - 252; Mogadishu is a landing point for the EASSy fiber-optic submarine cable system linking East Africa with Europe and North America (2012).
Transport infrastructure in Somalia
In the 21st century, we often say that the world has become small and there are no distances anymore. With widespread air travel when (sometimes) there are no visa restrictions, it is easy to reach other countries, but in case the distance is not too long, we can also use railway or water transportation.
The number of airports in Somalia: 61 (2013), and the number of heliports: N/A.
The total length of the roadways in Somalia: total: 22,100 km, paved: 2,608 km, unpaved: 19,492 km (2000).
The total length of the waterways in Somalia: N/A.
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Facts about Somalia
Name of the country: conventional long form: Federal Republic of Somalia, conventional short form: Somalia, local long form: Jamhuuriyadda Federaalkaa Soomaaliya, local short form: Soomaaliya, former: Somali Republic, Somali Democratic Republic, etymology: "Land of the Somali" (ethnic group).
|Abbrevation: Somalia||Geographic coordinates:
10 00 N, 49 00 E
|Capital of Somalia: Mogadishu||GPS of the Capital:
2 04 N 45 20 E
|Position: Eastern Africa, bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean, east of Ethiopia|
|Land area: total: 637,657 sq km; land: 627,337 sq km, water: 10,320 sq km||Terrain: mostly flat to undulating plateau rising to hills in north
||Area comparative: almost five times the size of Alabama; slightly smaller than Texas|
|Population: 10,817,354 (July 2016 estimate)||Population grow rate: 1.92% (2016 estimate)||Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s) / female, 0-14 years: 1 male(s) / female, 15-24 years: 1.02 male(s) / female, 25-54 years: 1.07 male(s) / female, 55-64 years: 0.96 male(s) / female, 65 years and over: 0.64 male(s) / female, total population: 1.01 male(s) / female, (2016 estimate)|
|Exports: $819 million (2014 estimate), $779 million (2013 estimate)||Imports: $3.482 billion (2014 estimate), $3.322 billion (2013 estimate)||Import partners: Djibouti 18.7%, India 16.5%, China 11.8%, Oman 8.7%, Kenya 6.1%, Pakistan 4.4% (2015)|
|Urbanization: urban population: 39.6% of total population (2015)||Major urban area(s): MOGADISHU (capital) 2.138 million; Hargeysa 760,000 (2015)||Median age: total: 17.9 years; male: 18.1 years, female: 17.8 years (2016 estimate)
|Internet users: total: 187,000. Percent of population: 1.8% (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (fixed lines): total subscriptions: 51,000. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: less than 1 (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (mobile, cellular): total: 5.836 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 55 (July 2015 estimate)|
|Unemployment rate: N/A %||Nationality: Somali(s) adjective: Somali||National holidays: Foundation of the Somali Republic, 1 July (1960)|
|Life expectancy at birth: total population: 52.4 years. Male: 50.3 years, female: 54.5 years (2016 estimate)||Total fertility rate: 5.89 children born / woman (2016 estimate)||Birthrate: 40 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate)|
|Literacy: N/A||Legal system: mixed legal system of civil law, Islamic law, and customary law (referred to as Xeer)||Suffrage: 18 years of age, universal|
|Industries: light industries, including sugar refining, textiles, wireless communication||Industrial production growth rate: 3.5% (2014 estimate)||GDP real growth rate: 2.6% (2010 estimate) 2.6% (2009 estimate) 2.6% (2008 estimate)|
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