|Borderline map of Somalia||Location map of Somalia||Flag of Somalia|
Google maps and detailed facts of Somalia (SO). This page enables you to explore Somalia and its border countries (Country Location: Eastern Africa, bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean, east of Ethiopia) through detailed Satellite imagery – fast and easy as never before Google maps.
There is also Street View and free Driving Directions at your service. Your Google Satellite Map Sightseeing in Somalia, in Africa, starts here at Driving Directions and Maps.com.
Somalia Google Maps & Satellite Maps
The map below shows Somalia with its cities, towns, highways, main roads, streets, and Street Views. To find a location, use the form below, type any city or place, view just a simple map, and click on the “show map” button.
The Google map above shows Somalia with its location: Africa (geographic coordinates: 10 00 N, 49 00 E) and the international borders of Somalia; total: 2,385 km. Border countries (total: 3): Djibouti 61 km, Ethiopia 1,640 km, Kenya 684 km; furthermore, it’s inland counties boundaries.
Hint: Look at the Street view in Somalia or Africa. All you have to do is drag and pull the little yellow man (named: Pegman) on the Google map above the desired location. After that, whenever it is available (more than 50 countries globally), blue stripes will appear to show the photos and details from Google’s regularly updated data image base. In case if you have signed in to your Google account currently, you may have a look at the satellite map of this country/area as well.
The map of Somalia, Africa, is for informational use only. No representation is made or warrantied given any map or its content by Driving Directions and Maps site. The user assumes all risks of using this Somalia Google map and facts/wiki.
About Somalia in detail
Where is Somalia?
In case, Somalia is looking on the map under the Coordinates 2 04 N 45 20 E otherwise in Africa, in Eastern Africa, bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean, east of Ethiopia.
What is the capital city of Somalia?
The capital city of Somalia is Mogadishu.
What is the time in Mogadishu?
What is the Internet code for Somalia?
The Top Level Domain (TLD) for Somalia is: .so
What is the size of Somalia?
The territory of Somalia is total: 637,657 sq km; land: 627,337 sq km, water: 10,320 sq km.
If we want to describe the size of Somalia’s territory is almost five times the size of Alabama, somewhat smaller than Texas.
If we would like to walk around and discover Somalia, we can cover a total distance: 2,385 km.
What is the water coverage of Somalia?
We have already mentioned what percentage of Somalia is covered by water (see below), including a 3,025 km coastline.
What is the climate like in Somalia?
The climate of Somalia is principally desert: northeast monsoon (December to February), moderate temperatures in north and hot in the south: southwest monsoon (May to October), torrid in the north and seductive in the south, irregular rainfall, hot and humid periods (tangambili) between monsoons.
Geographical data of Somalia
The elevation of Somalia; mean elevation: 410 m, elevation extremes; lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m, highest point: Shimbiris 2,416 m.
The specific geographical details of Somalia include mostly flat to undulating plateau rising to hills in the north.
Suppose we would like to describe the countries location from a different perspective. In that case, it is safe to say, and easy to read from a map, Somalia is a strategic location on the Horn of Africa along with southern approaches to Bab el Mandeb and route through the Red Sea and Suez Canal.
The country’s main mined products are uranium and largely unexploited iron ore reserves, tin, gypsum, bauxite, copper, salt, natural gas, and probable oil reserves. The population partly uses the earlier highlighted land territory and partly left in its natural state: agricultural land: 70.3%; arable land 1.8%; permanent crops 0%; permanent pasture 68.5%; forest: 10.6%; other: 19.1% (2011 estimate).
Population data of Somalia
The number of inhabitants of Somalia is 10,817,354 (July 2016 estimate).
If we examine the proportion of the population distribution, it is safe to say that N/A.
If we look at the proportion of the urbanized and barely populated areas, these are the figures: urban population: 39.6% of the total population (2015).
Most of the Somalia population is concentrated in MOGADISHU (capital) 2.138 million; Hargeysa 760,000 (2015).
Ethnicity in Somalia
According to ethnicity details, the ethnic groups are Somali 85%, Bantu and other non-Somali 15% (including 30,000 Arabs).
Spoken languages in Somalia
The spoken languages in Somalia are the following: Somali (official language), Arabic (official language, according to the Transitional Federal Charter), Italian, English.
What are the most important religions in Somalia?
Further population data of Somalia
The proportion of gender and age tells a lot about the society as follows 0-14 years: 43.42% (male 2,345,536 / female 2,351,886) 15-24 years: 18.87% (male 1,031,804 / female 1,009,831) 25-54 years: 31.47% (male 1,762,093 / female 1,641,699) 55-64 years: 4.02% (male 213,259 / female 221,520) 65 years and over: 2.22% (male 92,966 / female 146,760) (2016 estimate). It also a significant factor in a society the population growth rate, which in the case of Somalia is 1.92% (2016 estimate).
The population growth rate is based on two elements, the birth, and the death rate. In Somalia the birth rate is 40 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate), the death rate 13.3 deaths / 1,000 population (2016 estimate).
In this day and age in developed societies, the first child borns later compared to the previous centuries and decades, so childbearing is extended. In Somalia, the average age of mothers at the first childbirth is N/A.
Although the children’s birth is postponed in the best-case scenario, the parents can still see their kids grow as life expectancy also extended. In the case of Somalia, these figures are. With the introduction of modern medicine, vaccinations, and the proper hygienic conditions, the infant mortality rate is in a steep decline. The infant mortality statistics in Somalia are the following: N/A. Relevant data is the budget of healthcare, which is in the case of this country is N/A.
Economic data of Somalia
Suppose we would like to describe a country. We also have to mention its economy; Despite the lack of effective national governance, Somalia maintains an informal economy largely based on livestock, remittance/money transfer companies, and telecommunications. Somalia’s government lacks the ability to collect domestic revenue, and externAgriculture is the most important sector, with livestock normally accounting for about 40% of GDP and more than 50% of export earnings. In recent years, Somalia’s capital city, Mogadishu, has witnessed the city’s first gas stations, supermarkets, and airline flights to Turkey since the collapse of central authority in 1991.
GDP is a prominent figure, as all the relevant calculations and statistics are based on it. GDP in Somalia is $5.8 billion (2014 estimate).
Another important indicator is the rate of GDP growth, which in Somalia is 2.6% (2010 estimate), 2.6% (2009 estimate) 2.6% (2008 estimate).
These statistics affect the world economy; remember, in 2015, the Chinese real GDP growth rate was worse than expected; The world markets fall, and the Chinese stock exchange was temporarily suspended.
A further major factor of a country’s economy, the GDP per capita. In Somalia this is $400 (2014 estimate) $400 (2013 estimate) $600 (2008 estimate).
In the economy, the Trinity is in common places, such as agriculture, industry, and services.
What are the agricultural products Somalia produces?
Somalia’s main agricultural products are bananas, sorghum, corn, coconuts, rice, sugarcane, mangoes, sesame seeds, beans, cattle, sheep, goats, fish.
The essential segments are light industries, including sugar refining, textiles, and wireless communication regarding the economy. The crucial and regularly mentioned GDP is based on light industries, including sugar refining, materials, wireless communication.
Drinking water source in Somalia
It is essential to mention that – thanks to the development of the infrastructure -, the rate of potable water improved: urban: 69.6% of the population, rural: 8.8% of the people, total: 31.7% of the population. Unimproved: urban: 30.4% of the people, rural: 91.2% of the people, total: 68.3% of the population (2011 estimate).
The average number of childbirth in Somalia
In Somalia, the average delivery number is 5.89 children born / woman (2016 estimate).
The population’s average age is 17.9 years; male: 18.1 years, female: 17.8 years (2016 estimate). The age of adulthood varies in every country of the world in Somalia; it is 18 years of age, universal.
When we are experiencing an unprecedented scale of migration and globalization, it is an important factor in the number of new immigrants. In Somalia is -7.5 migrant(s) / 1,000 population (2016 estimate). It is important to know how to apply for citizenship: citizenship by birth: no. Citizenship by descent only: the father must be a citizen of Somalia. Dual citizenship recognized: no—the residency requirement for naturalization: 7 years.
Is Somalia a safe destination? Healthcare services and infectious diseases in Somalia
Many of the travelers are looking into the healthcare services and infectious diseases of their destinations. In Somalia, the hospital beds’ density is N/A.
According to the WHO rating regarding contagious diseases in Somalia, the degree of risk: very high food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, malaria, and Rift Valley fever water contact disease: schistosomiasis. Animal contact disease: rabies, (2016).
However, HIV is not curable but maintainable. Let’s do not forget when the disease surfaced; it was a world threatening condition. Unfortunately, in some countries, it is still very high the number of infected patients and fatalities due to the disease.
In Somalia, the number of HIV/AIDS deaths: N/A.
Regarding tourism obesity, not an important issue, but we have to mention health statistics, as it is the plague of the 20th and the 21st century. The rate of obese adults in Somalia is 3.9% (2014).
What are the natural hazards in Somalia? Is there any?
Somalia’s most known natural risk is recurring droughts; frequent dust storms over eastern plains in summer; floods during the rainy season.
More interesting facts about Somalia
A few words about the past, as every country and society, are connected to its history; Britain withdrew from British Somaliland in 1960 to allow its protectorate to join with Italian Somaliland and form the new nation Somalia. In 1969, a coup headed by Mohamed SIAD Barre ushered in an authoritarian socialist rule characterized by the persecution, jailing, and torture of political opponents and dissidents. After the regime’s collapse early in 1991, Somalia descended into turmoil, factional fighting, and anarchy. In May 1991, northern clans declared an independent Republic of Somaliland that now includes the administrative regions of Awdal, Woqooyi Galbeed, Togdheer, Sanaag, and Sool. Although not recognized by any government, this entity has maintained a stable existence and continues to establish a constitutional democracy, including holding municipal, parliamentary, and presidential elections. The regions of Bari, Nugaal, and northern Mudug comprise a neighboring semi-autonomous state of Puntland, which has been self-governing since 1998 but does not aim at independence; it has also made strides toward reconstructing a legitimate, representative government but has suffered some civil strife. Puntland disputes its border with Somaliland as it also claims the regions of Sool and Sanaag and portions of Togdheer. Beginning in 1993, a two-year UN humanitarian effort (primarily in south-central Somalia) alleviated famine conditions. However, when the UN withdrew in 1995, having suffered significant casualties, the order still had not been restored. In 2000, the Somalia National Peace Conference (SNPC) held in Djibouti resulted in an interim government’s formation, known as the Transitional National Government (TNG). When the TNG failed to establish adequate security or governing institutions, the Government of Kenya, under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), led a subsequent peace process that concluded in October 2004 with the election of Abdullahi YUSUF Ahmed as President of a second interim government, known as the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) of the Somali Republic.
The TFG included a 275-member parliamentary body, known as the Transitional Federal Parliament (TFP). President YUSUF resigned late in 2008 while United Nations-sponsored talks between the TFG and the opposition Alliance for the Re-Liberation of Somalia (ARS) were underway in Djibouti. In January 2009, following the creation of a TFG-ARS unity government, Ethiopian military forces, which had entered Somalia in December 2006 to support the TFG in the face of advances by the opposition Islamic Courts Union (ICU), withdrew from the country. The TFP was doubled in size to 550 seats with 200 ARS and 75 civil society members of parliament. The expanded parliament elected Sheikh SHARIF Sheikh Ahmed, the former ICU, and ARS chairman, in January 2009. The creation of the TFG was based on the Transitional Federal Charter (TFC), which outlined a five-year mandate leading to the establishment of a new Somali constitution and a transition to a representative government following national elections. In 2009, the TFP amended the TFC to extend TFG’s mandate until 2011, and in 2011, Somali principals agreed to institute political transition by August 2012. The transition process ended in September 2012 when clan elders replaced the TFP by appointing 275 members to a new parliament who subsequently elected a new president.
In every nation’s memory, some cornerstones placed the country on the timeline of history. The date of declaration of independence of Somalia: 1 July 1960 (from a merger of British Somaliland that became independent from the UK on 26 June 1960 and Italian Somaliland that became independent from the Italian-administered UN trusteeship on 1 July 1960 to form the Somali Republic).
The flag and other symbols of Somalia
The colors, symbols, and animals on the flag usually have a historical background or an important milestone or memory of the nation.
This case is not an exception either; the flag of the UN initially influenced light blue with a large white five-pointed star in the center; the blue field, but today is said to denote the sky and the neighboring Indian Ocean; the five points of the star represent the five regions in the horn of Africa that are inhabited by Somali people: the former British Somaliland and Italian Somaliland (which together make up Somalia), Djibouti, Ogaden (Ethiopia), and the North East Province (Kenya).
Apart from the flag, the symbol of national unity is the national anthem. The anthem’s primary purpose is to share the nation’s core values, endeavors, and patriotic feelings.
National symbols of Somalia: leopard; national colors: blue, white.
Constitution of Somalia
The existence of the nation is based on the constitution. Some constitutions knew worldwide, like the U.S. Constitution that was accepted on the 17th of September 1787, in Philadelphia, the United States of America’s Constitution.
It is not related to the declaration of independence that was stolen by Nicolas Cage in the movie National Treasure 🙂
What is the legal system of Somalia?
Most of the time, the legal system of a country is the focus of lawyers. It is a common fact that there are two main approaches in the world, “the law in books” and “the law in action.”
In the Anglo-Saxon world, the practice is the “law in action,” while in the rest of the world, the law is based on Roman law, the “law in books.”
Somalia’s legal system is a mixed legal system of civil law, Islamic law, and customary law (referred to as Xeer).
It was Aristotle who founded the Theory of 3 separations of powers. In his view, these are the council of public affairs, the magistrates, and the justice system. The age of enlightenment was the time when terminologies have defined the way we still use them. In most democratic countries, the three authorities separated from each other. In dictatorships, the rules usually interweaved in one hand.
About the legislative branch of Somalia, we can highlight the following structures unicameral National Parliament or Golaha Shacabka Soomaaliya consists of the House of the People (275 seats; members directly elected to serve 4-year terms). Note: the inaugural House of the People was appointed in September 2012 by clan elders; elections scheduled for 23 October to 10 November 2016, the National Parliament will become bicameral with the formation of an upper house that will consist of 54 seats with members indirectly elected by regional governing councils to serve 4-year terms; composition of lower house NA.
About the unemployment rate, labor force, and poverty line in Somalia
One of the major problems of the 21st-century economy is unemployment. Governments are struggling to maintain a low level of the unemployment rate. Still, as a result of automation, the cheap 3rd world labor, and the outsourcing of workflow, these attempts fail. In Somalia, the labor force is 3.109 million (2013 estimate). Please bear in mind that the population in Somalia is total: 96.6 deaths / 1,000 live births; male: 105.2 deaths / 1,000 live births, female: 87.7 deaths / 1,000 live births (2016 estimate) – as we already mentioned above.
The rate of unemployment in Somalia is N/A %.
Widely known that the gap between the rich and poor is widening on an enormous scale.
According to the 2017 shocking Oxfam report, the most affluent eight people’s fortune is equal to the wealth of the poorest half of the world’s population.
In Somalia, the households’ income and consumption compared to the entire population: lowest 10%: N/A% highest 10%: N/A%.
Another widely used indicator is the so-called GINI index, which measures the inequalities of statistical dispersion, but is mainly used for measuring the sharing of income and fortune.
The GINI index was named after its founder Corrado Gini, an Italian economist. Gini index has grades between 0-1, but often it is used on a percentage basis. It is 0 if the examined criteria territorial distribution is equal. It is one of the criteria concentrated on the territory. In Somalia, the GINI index is N/A.
The states usually set up a poverty line, which is more or less, is a subjective measure. It varies by country; its base is often the minimum pension, the incomes of the most deficient 20 percent, the X percent of income per capita Etc.
In Somalia, the poverty line people are the lowest 10%: N/A% highest 10%: N/A%.
About the budget and central governments debt of Somalia
The available budget mainly defines the state’s economy. Somalia’s budget is; revenues: $145.3 million, expenditures: $151.1 million (2014 estimate). Taxes and other revenues are 2.5% of GDP (2014 estimate).
The budget deficit (Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)) is N/A.
The fiscal year in Somalia is N/A.
In the country’s economy, we have to consider the public debt. Public debt is the consolidated sum of the state’s local, federal, and central government debt.
Inflation rate and prime lending rate in Somalia
A few further interesting and relevant economic data are Inflation rate: -71.1% (2014 estimate). Note: (2014 estimate) and the commercial bank prime lending rate: N/A%.
Export/import partners and data of Somalia
Somalia, with the export of products, industrial tools, and other services, generates revenue. Somalia’s export value is: $819 million (2014 estimate), $779 million (2013 estimate). The total revenue of these activities: livestock, bananas, hides, fish, charcoal, scrap metal.
The most important imported products are manufactures, petroleum products, foodstuffs, construction materials, qat, and the countries from where the import is coming: Djibouti 18.7%, India 16.5%, China 11.8%, Oman 8.7%, Kenya 6.1%, Pakistan 4.4% (2015).
Renewable energies used in Somalia
To suppress the pollution of the environment, renewable energies have to replace the fossil energy. The more the proportion of renewable energies in a country means more effort against pollution. Somalia, the indicator of how much of the country’s produced energy is coming from the hydroelectric source, is 0% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
To indicate how much another renewable energy produced is 0% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
Telecommunication data of Somalia, calling code
To maintain the economy, the development of a reliable and modern telecommunications infrastructure is crucial. We can say about Somalia; the public telecommunications system was almost destroyed or dismantled during the civil war; private companies offer limited local fixed-line service, and private wireless companies offer service in most major cities while charging the lowest. Domestic: local cellular telephone systems have been established in Mogadishu and several other population centers, with one company beginning to provide 3G services in late 2012. International: country code – 252; Mogadishu is a landing point for the EASSy fiber-optic submarine cable system linking East Africa with Europe and North America (2012).
Transport infrastructure in Somalia
In the 21st century, we often say that the world has become small and there are no distances anymore. With widespread air travel when (sometimes) there are no visa restrictions, it is easy to reach other countries, but if the distance is not too long, we can also use railway or water transportation.
The number of airports in Somalia is 61 (2013), and the number of heliports is N/A.
The total length of the roadways in Somalia: total: 22,100 km, paved: 2,608 km, unpaved: 19,492 km (2000).
The total length of the waterways in Somalia: N/A.
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Facts & data about Somalia
Name of the country: conventional long way: the Federal Republic of Somalia, traditional short form: Somalia, local long form: Jamhuuriyadda Federaalkaa Soomaaliya, local short state: Soomaaliya, former: Somali Republic, Somali Democratic Republic, etymology: “Land of the Somali” (ethnic group).
|Abbreviation: Somalia||Geographic coordinates:
10 00 N, 49 00 E
|Country Location: Africa|
|Capital of Somalia: Mogadishu||GPS of the Capital:
2 04 N 45 20 E
|Position: Eastern Africa, bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean, east of Ethiopia|
|Land area: total: 637,657 sq km; land: 627,337 sq km, water: 10,320 sq km||Terrain: mostly flat to undulating plateau rising to hills in north
||Area comparative: almost five times the size of Alabama; somewhat smaller than Texas|
|Population: 10,817,354 (July 2016 estimate)||Population grow rate: 1.92% (2016 estimate)||Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s) / female, 0-14 years: 1 male(s) / female, 15-24 years: 1.02 male(s) / female, 25-54 years: 1.07 male(s) / female, 55-64 years: 0.96 male(s) / female, 65 years and over: 0.64 male(s) / female, total population: 1.01 male(s) / female (2016 estimate)|
|Exports: $819 million (2014 estimate), $779 million (2013 estimate)||Imports: $3.482 billion (2014 estimate), $3.322 billion (2013 estimate)||Import partners: Djibouti 18.7%, India 16.5%, China 11.8%, Oman 8.7%, Kenya 6.1%, Pakistan 4.4% (2015)|
|Urbanization: urban population: 39.6% of the total population (2015)||Major urban area(s): MOGADISHU (capital) 2.138 million; Hargeysa 760,000 (2015)||Median age: total: 17.9 years; male: 18.1 years, female: 17.8 years (2016 estimate)
|Internet users: total: 187,000. Percent of the population: 1.8% (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (fixed-lines): total subscriptions: 51,000. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: less than 1 (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (mobile, cellular): total: 5.836 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 55 (July 2015 estimate)|
|Unemployment rate: N/A %||Nationality: Somali(s) adjective: Somali||National holidays: Foundation of the Somali Republic, 1 July (1960)|
|Life expectancy at birth: total population: 52.4 years. Male: 50.3 years, female: 54.5 years (2016 estimate)||Total fertility rate: 5.89 children born / woman (2016 estimate)||Birthrate: 40 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate)|
|Literacy: N/A||Legal system: mixed legal system of civil law, Islamic law, and customary law (referred to as Xeer)||Suffrage: 18 years of age, universal|
|Industries: light industries, including sugar refining, textiles, wireless communication||Industrial production growth rate: 3.5% (2014 estimate)||GDP real growth rate: 2.6% (2010 estimate) 2.6% (2009 estimate) 2.6% (2008 estimate)|
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