|Borderline map of Sao Tome and Principe||Location map of Sao Tome and Principe||Flag of São Tomé and Principe|
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About São Tomé and Principe in detail
Where is São Tomé and Principe?
São Tomé and Principe, if you are looking on the map under the Coordinates 0 20 N 6 44 E otherwise in Africa, in Central Africa, islands in the Gulf of Guinea, just north of the Equator, west of Gabon.
What is the capital city of São Tomé and Principe?
The capital city of São Tomé and Principe is: São Tomé.
What is the time in São Tomé?
What is the Internet code for São Tomé and Principe?
The Top Level Domain (TLD) for São Tomé and Principe is: .st
What is the size of São Tomé and Principe?
São Tomé and Principe’s territory is total: 964 sq km; land: 964 sq km, water: 0 sq km.
If we want to describe the size of São Tomé and Principe’s territory is more than five times the size of Washington, DC.
If we would like to walk around and discover São Tomé and Principe, we can cover a distance of 0 km.
What is the water coverage of São Tomé and Principe?
We have already mentioned what percentage of São Tomé and Principe is covered by water (see below), including a 209 km coastline.
What is the climate like in São Tomé and Principe?
São Tomé and Principe’s climate is tropical: hot, humid: one rainy season (October to May).
Geographical data of São Tomé and Principe
The specific geographical details of São Tomé and Principe include volcanic, mountainous.
Suppose we would like to describe the countries location from a different perspective. In that case, it is safe to say, and easy to read from a map, São Tomé and Principe is the smallest country in Africa; the two main islands form part of a chain of extinct volcanoes, and both are mountainous.
The country’s main mined products are fish, hydropower. The population partly uses the earlier highlighted land territory and partly left in its natural state: agricultural land: 50.7%; arable land 9.1%; permanent crops 40.6%; permanent pasture 1%; forest: 28.1%; other: 21.2% (2011 estimate).
Population data of São Tomé and Principe
The number of inhabitants of São Tomé and Principe is 197,541 (July 2016 estimate).
If we examine the proportion of the population distribution, it is safe to say that N/A.
If we look at the proportion of the urbanized and barely populated areas, these are the figures: urban population: 65.1% of the total population (2015).
Most of the São Tomé and Principe population is concentrated in SAO TOME (capital) 71,000 (2014).
Ethnicity in São Tomé and Principe
According to ethnicity details, the ethnic groups are mestizo, angolares (descendants of Angolan slaves), forros (descendants of freed slaves), servicais (contract laborers from Angola, Mozambique, and Cabo Verde), tongas (children of servicais born on the islands), Europeans (primarily Portuguese), Asians (mostly Chinese).
Spoken languages in São Tomé and Principe
The spoken languages in São Tomé and Principe are Portuguese 98.4% (official language), Forro 36.2%, Cabo Verdian 8.5%, French 6.8%, Angolar 6.6%, English 4.9%, Lunguie 1%, other (including sign language) 2.4%. Note shares sum to more than 100% because some respondents gave more than one answer on the census (2012 estimate).
What are the most important religions in São Tomé and Principe?
During the general census, researchers examine the churches, according to this: Catholic 55.7%, Adventist 4.1%, Assembly of God 3.4%, New Apostolic 2.9%, Mana 2.3%, Universal Kingdom of God 2%, Jehovah’s Witness 1.2%, other 6.2%, none 21.2%, unspecified 1% (2012 estimate).
Further population data of São Tomé and Principe
The proportion of gender and age tells a lot about the society as follows 0-14 years: 42.47% (male 42,660 / female 41,234) 15-24 years: 20.33% (male 20,358 / female 19,808) 25-54 years: 30.66% (male 29,728 / female 30,829) 55-64 years: 3.7% (male 3,342 / female 3,959) 65 years and over: 2.85% (male 2,506 / female 3,117) (2016 estimate). It also a significant factor in a society the population growth rate, which in the case of São Tomé and Principe is 1.78% (2016 estimate).
The population growth rate is based on two elements, the birth, and the death rate. In São Tomé and Principe the birth rate is 33.3 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate), the death rate 7 deaths / 1,000 population (2016 estimate).
In this day and age in developed societies, the first child borns later compared to the previous centuries and decades, so childbearing is extended. In São Tomé and Principe, the average age of mothers at the first childbirth is N/A.
Although the children’s birth is postponed in the best-case scenario, the parents can still see their kids grow as life expectancy also extended. In the case of São Tomé and Principe, these figures are. With the introduction of modern medicine, vaccinations, and the proper hygienic conditions, the infant mortality rate is in a steep decline. The infant mortality statistics in São Tomé and Principe are the following: N/A. Relevant data is the budget of healthcare, which is in the case of this country is 8.4% of GDP (2014).
Economic data of São Tomé and Principe
Suppose we would like to describe a country, we also have to mention its economy; This small, poor island economy has become increasingly dependent on cocoa since independence in 1975. Cocoa production has substantially declined in recent years because of drought and mismanagement. São Tomé and Principe have to import fuels, most manufaOver the years, São Tomé and Principe has had difficulty servicing its external debt and has relied heavily on concessional aid and debt rescheduling. It benefited from $200 million in debt relief in December 2000 under the Highly Indebted Poor CountriesConsiderable potential exists for developing a tourist industry, and the government has taken steps to expand facilities in recent years. Potential also exists for the development of petroleum resources in São Tomé and Principe’s territorial waters.
GDP is a prominent figure, as all the relevant calculations and statistics are based on it. GDP in São Tomé and Principe is $351 million (2015 estimate).
Another important indicator is the rate of GDP growth, which in São Tomé and Principe is 4% (2016 estimate) 4% (2015 estimate) 4.5% (2014 estimate).
These statistics affect the world economy; remember, in 2015, the Chinese real GDP growth rate was worse than expected; The world markets fall, and the Chinese stock exchange was temporarily suspended.
A further major factor of a country’s economy, the GDP per capita. In São Tomé and Principe this is $3,300 (2016 estimate) $3,300 (2015 estimate) $3,200 (2014 estimate).
In the economy, the Trinity is in common places, such as agriculture, industry, and services.
What are the agricultural products São Tomé and Principe produce?
The main agricultural products of São Tomé and Principe are cocoa, coconuts, palm kernels, copra, cinnamon, pepper, coffee, bananas, papayas, beans, poultry, fish.
The essential segments are light construction, textiles, soap, beer, fish processing, and timber regarding the economy. The crucial and regularly mentioned GDP is based on lightweight construction, materials, soap, beer, fish processing, wood.
Drinking water source in São Tomé and Principe
It is essential to mention that – thanks to the development of the infrastructure -, the rate of potable water improved: urban: 98.9% of the population, rural: 93.6% of the population, total: 97.1% of the population. Unimproved: urban: 1.1% of the people, rural: 6.4% of the population, total: 2.9% of the population (2015 estimate).
The average number of childbirth in São Tomé and Principe
In São Tomé and Principe, the average delivery number is 4.4 children born / woman (2016 estimate).
The population’s average age is 18.2 years; male: 17.8 years, female: 18.6 years (2016 estimate). The age of adulthood varies in every country of the world in São Tomé and Principe; it is 18 years of age, universal.
When we are experiencing an unprecedented scale of migration and globalization, it is an important factor in the number of new immigrants. In São Tomé and Principe is -8.5 migrant(s) / 1,000 population (2016 estimate). It is important to know how to apply for citizenship: citizenship by birth: no. Citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of São Tomé and Principe. Dual citizenship recognized: no—the residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years.
Is São Tomé and Principe a safe destination? Healthcare services and infectious diseases in São Tomé and Principe
Many of the travelers are looking into the healthcare services and infectious diseases of their destinations. In São Tomé and Principe, the hospital beds’ density is 2.9 beds / 1,000 population (2011).
According to the WHO rating regarding contagious diseases in São Tomé and Principe, the degree of risk: high food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever water contact disease: schistosomiasis (2016).
However, HIV is not curable but maintainable. Let’s do not forget when the disease surfaced; it was a world threatening condition. Unfortunately, in some countries, it is still very high the number of infected patients and fatalities due to the disease.
In São Tomé and Principe, the number of HIV/AIDS deaths: N/A.
Regarding tourism obesity, not an important issue, but we have to mention health statistics, as it is the plague of the 20th and the 21st century. The rate of obese adults in São Tomé and Principe is 10.6% (2014).
What are the natural hazards in São Tomé and Principe? Is there any?
The most known natural risk in São Tomé and Principe are N/A.
More interesting facts about São Tomé and Principe
A few words about the past, as every country and society, is connected to its history; Discovered and claimed by Portugal in the late 15th century, the islands’ sugar-based economy gave way to coffee and cocoa in the 19th century – all grown with African plantation slave labor, a form of which lingered into the 20th century. While independence was achieved in 1975, democratic reforms were not instituted until the late 1980s. The country held its first free elections in 1991. Still, frequent internal wrangling between the various political parties precipitated repeated leadership changes, and four failed, non-violent coup attempts in 1995, 1998, 2003, and 2009. In 2012, three opposition parties combined in a no-confidence vote to bring down the majority government of former Prime Minister Patrice TROVOADA, but in 2014, legislative elections returned him to office. New oil discoveries in the Gulf of Guinea may attract increased attention to the small island nation.
In every nation’s memory, some cornerstones placed the country on the timeline of history. The date of declaration of independence of São Tomé and Principe: 12 July 1975 (from Portugal).
The flag and other symbols of São Tomé and Principe
The colors, symbols, and animals on the flag usually have a historical background or an important milestone or memory of the nation.
This case is not an exception either; three horizontal bands of green (top), yellow (double-width), and green with two black five-pointed stars placed side by side in the center of the yellow band and a red isosceles triangle based on the hoist side; green stands for the country’s rich vegetation, red recalls the struggle for independence, and yellow represents cocoa, one of the country’s main agricultural products; the two stars symbolize the two main islands. Note: uses the popular Pan-African colors of Ethiopia.
Apart from the flag, the symbol of national unity is the national anthem. The anthem’s primary purpose is to share the nation’s core values, endeavors, and patriotic feelings.
National symbols of São Tomé and Principe: palm tree; national colors: green, yellow, red, black.
Constitution of São Tomé and Principe
The existence of the nation is based on the constitution. Some constitutions knew worldwide, like the U.S. Constitution that was accepted on the 17th of September 1787, in Philadelphia, the United States of America’s Constitution.
It is not related to the declaration of independence that was stolen by Nicolas Cage in the movie National Treasure 🙂
What is the legal system of São Tomé and Principe?
Most of the time, the legal system of a country is the focus of lawyers. It is a common fact that there are two main approaches in the world, “the law in books” and “the law in action.”
In the Anglo-Saxon world, the practice is the “law in action,” while in the rest of the world, the law is based on Roman law, the “law in books.”
São Tomé and Principe’s legal system is a mixed legal system of civil law based on the Portuguese model and customary law.
It was Aristotle who founded the Theory of 3 separations of powers. In his view, these are the council of public affairs, the magistrates, and the justice system. The age of enlightenment was the time when terminologies have defined the way we still use them. In most democratic countries, the three authorities separated from each other. In dictatorships, the rules usually interweaved in one hand.
About the legislative branch of São Tomé and Principe, we can highlight the following structures unicameral National Assembly or Assembleia Nacional (55 seats; members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by proportional representation vote to serve 4-year terms).
About the unemployment rate, labor force, and poverty line in São Tomé and Principe
One of the major problems of the 21st-century economy is unemployment. Governments are struggling to maintain a low level of the unemployment rate. Still, as a result of automation, the cheap 3rd world labor, and the outsourcing of workflow, these attempts fail. In São Tomé and Principe, the labor force is 70,620 (2016 estimate). Please bear in mind that the population in São Tomé and Principe is total: 46.6 deaths / 1,000 live births; male: 48.5 deaths / 1,000 live births, female: 44.6 deaths / 1,000 live births (2016 estimate) – as we already mentioned above.
The rate of unemployment in São Tomé and Principe is 13.5% (2014 estimate).
Widely known that the gap between the rich and poor is widening on an enormous scale.
According to the 2017 shocking Oxfam report, the most affluent eight people’s fortune is equal to the wealth of the poorest half of the world’s population.
In São Tomé and Principe, the households’ income and consumption compared to the entire population: lowest 10%: N/A% highest 10%: N/A%.
Another widely used indicator is the so-called GINI index, which measures the inequalities of statistical dispersion, but is mainly used for measuring the sharing of income and fortune.
The GINI index was named after its founder Corrado Gini, an Italian economist. Gini index has grades between 0-1, but often it is used on a percentage basis. It is 0 if the examined criteria territorial distribution is equal. It is one of the criteria concentrated on the territory. In São Tomé and Principe, the GINI index is N/A.
The states usually set up a poverty line, which is more or less, is a subjective measure. It varies by country; its base is often the minimum pension, the incomes of the most deficient 20 percent, the X percent of income per capita Etc.
In São Tomé and Principe, the poverty line people are the lowest 10%: N/A% highest 10%: N/A%.
About the budget and central governments debt of São Tomé and Principe
The available budget mainly defines the state’s economy. São Tomé and Principe’s budget is; revenues: $108.6 million, expenditures: $127 million (2016 estimate). Taxes and other revenues are 30.9% of GDP (2016 estimate).
The budget deficit (Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)) is N/A.
The fiscal year in São Tomé and Principe is the calendar year.
In the country’s economy, we have to consider the public debt. Public debt is the consolidated sum of the state’s local, federal, and central government debt.
Inflation rate and prime lending rate in São Tomé and Principe
A few further interesting and relevant economic data are the following; Inflation rate: 5.1% (2016 estimate), 5.3% (2015 estimate), and the rate of the Commercial bank prime lending rate: 15% (31 December 2016 estimate).
Export/import partners and data of São Tomé and Principe
São Tomé and Principe, with the export of products, industrial tools, and other services, generates revenue. The export value in São Tomé and Principe is $11 million (2016 estimate), $11.3 million (2015 estimate). The total revenue of these activities: cocoa 80%, copra, coffee, palm oil (2010 estimate).
The most important imported products are machinery and electrical equipment, food products, petroleum products, and the countries from where the import is coming: Portugal 65.2%, China 8.1%, Gabon 7.3% (2015).
Renewable energies used in São Tomé and Principe
To suppress the pollution of the environment, renewable energies have to replace the fossil energy. The more the proportion of renewable energies in a country means more effort against pollution. São Tomé and Principe indicate how much of the country’s produced energy is coming from the hydroelectric source, 25% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
To indicate how much another renewable energy produced is 0% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
Telecommunication data of São Tomé and Principe, calling code
To maintain the economy, the development of a reliable and modern telecommunications infrastructure is crucial. We can say the following about São Tomé and Principe; local telephone network of adequate quality with most lines connected to digital switches. Domestic: combined fixed-line and mobile-cellular teledensity roughly 70 telephones per 100 persons. International: country code – 239; satellite earth station – 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean) (2015).
Transport infrastructure in São Tomé and Principe
In the 21st century, we often say that the world has become small and there are no distances anymore. With widespread air travel when (sometimes) there are no visa restrictions, it is easy to reach other countries, but if the distance is not too long, we can also use railway or water transportation.
The number of airports in São Tomé and Principe: 2 (2013), and the number of heliports: N/A.
The total length of the roadways in São Tomé and Principe: 320 km, paved: 218 km, unpaved: 102 km (2000).
The total length of the waterways in São Tomé and Principe: N/A.
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Facts & data about São Tomé and Principe
Name of the country: conventional long way: the Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Principe, traditional short form: São Tomé and Principe, local long form: Republica Democratica de São Tomé e Principe, local short state: São Tomé e Principe, etymology: São Tomé was named after Saint THOMAS the Apostle by the Portuguese who discovered the island on 21 December 1470 (or 1471), the saint’s feast day; Principe is a shortening of the original Portuguese name of “Ilha do Principe” (Isle of the Prince) referring to the Prince of Portugal to whom duties on the island’s sugar crop were paid.
|Abbreviation: São Tomé and Principe||Geographic coordinates:
1 00 N, 7 00 E
|Country Location: Africa|
|Capital of São Tomé and Principe: São Tomé||GPS of the Capital:
0 20 N 6 44 E
|Position: Central Africa, islands in the Gulf of Guinea, just north of the Equator, west of Gabon|
|Land area: total: 964 sq km; land: 964 sq km, water: 0 sq km||Terrain: volcanic, mountainous
||Area comparative: more than five times the size of Washington, DC|
|Population: 197,541 (July 2016 estimate)||Population grow rate: 1.78% (2016 estimate)||Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s) / female, 0-14 years: 1.03 male(s) / female, 15-24 years: 1.03 male(s) / female, 25-54 years: 0.96 male(s) / female, 55-64 years: 0.84 male(s) / female, 65 years and over: 0.81 male(s) / female, total population: 1 male(s) / female (2016 estimate)|
|Exports: $11 million (2016 estimate), $11.3 million (2015 estimate)||Imports: $116.8 million (2016 estimate), $118.9 million (2015 estimate)||Import partners: Portugal 65.2%, China 8.1%, Gabon 7.3% (2015)|
|Urbanization: urban population: 65.1% of the total population (2015)||Major urban area(s): SAO TOME (capital) 71,000 (2014)||Median age: total: 18.2 years; male: 17.8 years, female: 18.6 years (2016 estimate)
|Internet users: total: 50,000. Percent of the population: 25.8% (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (fixed-lines): total subscriptions: 7,000. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 4 (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (mobile, cellular): total: 132,000. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 68 (July 2015 estimate)|
|Unemployment rate: 13.5% (2014 estimate)||Nationality: São Toméan(s) adjective: São Toméan||National holidays: Independence Day, 12 July (1975)|
|Life expectancy at birth: total population: 64.9 years. Male: 63.6 years, female: 66.3 years (2016 estimate)||Total fertility rate: 4.4 children born / woman (2016 estimate)||Birthrate: 33.3 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate)|
|Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write. Total population: 74.9%; male: 81.8%, female: 68.4% (2015 estimate)||Legal system: mixed legal system of civil law base on the Portuguese model and customary law||Suffrage: 18 years of age, universal|
|Industries: light construction, textiles, soap, beer, fish processing, timber||Industrial production growth rate: 4.5% (2016 estimate)||GDP real growth rate: 4% (2016 estimate) 4% (2015 estimate) 4.5% (2014 estimate)|
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