|Borderline map of Sao Tome and Principe||Location map of Sao Tome and Principe||Flag of Sao Tome and Principe|
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About Sao Tome and Principe in detail
Where is Sao Tome and Principe?
Sao Tome and Principe, in case if you are looking on the map under the Coordinates 0 20 N 6 44 E otherwise in Africa, in Central Africa, islands in the Gulf of Guinea, just north of the Equator, west of Gabon.
What is the capital of Sao Tome and Principe?
The capital city of Sao Tome and Principe is: Sao Tome.
What is the time in Sao Tome?
It is 5 hours ahead of Washington DC during Standard Time, the timezone of Sao Tome is: UTC 0.
What is the Internet code for Sao Tome and Principe?
The Top Level Domain (TLD) for Sao Tome and Principe is: .st
What is the size of Sao Tome and Principe?
The territory of Sao Tome and Principe is total: 964 sq km; land: 964 sq km, water: 0 sq km.
If we want to describe the size of the territory of Sao Tome and Principe is more than five times the size of Washington, DC.
If we would like to walk around and discover Sao Tome and Principe, we can do that by covering the distance of 0 km.
What is the water coverage of Sao Tome and Principe?
We have mentioned already on this website, that what percentage of Sao Tome and Principe is covered by water (see below), and this includes 209 km coastline.
What is the climate like in Sao Tome and Principe?
The climate of Sao Tome and Principe is tropical: hot, humid: one rainy season (October to May).
Geographical data of Sao Tome and Principe
The elevation of Sao Tome and Principe; mean elevation: N/A, elevation extremes; lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m, highest point: Pico de Sao Tome 2,024 m.
The typical geographical details of Sao Tome and Principe include volcanic, mountainous.
If we would like to describe the countries location from a different point of view, it is safe to say, and easy to read from a map, Sao Tome and Principe is the smallest country in Africa; the two main islands form part of a chain of extinct volcanoes and both are mountainous.
Resources and land use of Sao Tome and Principe
The country’s main mined products are fish, hydropower. The population partly uses the earlier highlighted land territory and partly left in its natural state: agricultural land: 50.7%; arable land 9.1%; permanent crops 40.6%; permanent pasture 1%; forest: 28.1%; other: 21.2% (2011 estimate).
Population data of Sao Tome and Principe
The number of inhabitants of Sao Tome and Principe is 197,541 (July 2016 estimate).
If we examine the proportion of population distribution, it is safe to say that N/A.
If we are looking at the proportion of the urbanized and barely populated areas, these are the figures: urban population: 65.1% of total population (2015).
Most of the population in Sao Tome and Principe is concentrated in SAO TOME (capital) 71,000 (2014).
Ethnicity in Sao Tome and Principe
According to ethnicity details, the ethnic groups in this country are the following: mestico, angolares (descendants of Angolan slaves), forros (descendants of freed slaves), servicais (contract laborers from Angola, Mozambique, and Cabo Verde), tongas (children of servicais born on the islands), Europeans (primarily Portuguese), Asians (mostly Chinese).
Spoken languages in Sao Tome and Principe
The spoken languages in Sao Tome and Principe are the following: Portuguese 98.4% (official language), Forro 36.2%, Cabo Verdian 8.5%, French 6.8%, Angolar 6.6%, English 4.9%, Lunguie 1%, other (including sign language) 2.4%. Note: shares sum to more than 100% because some respondents gave more than one answer on the census (2012 estimate).
What are the most important religions in Sao Tome and Principe?
During the general census, researchers examine the churches, according to this: Catholic 55.7%, Adventist 4.1%, Assembly of God 3.4%, New Apostolic 2.9%, Mana 2.3%, Universal Kingdom of God 2%, Jehovah's Witness 1.2%, other 6.2%, none 21.2%, unspecified 1% (2012 estimate).
Further population data of Sao Tome and Principe
The proportion of gender and age tells a lot about the society as follows 0-14 years: 42.47% (male 42,660 / female 41,234) 15-24 years: 20.33% (male 20,358 / female 19,808) 25-54 years: 30.66% (male 29,728 / female 30,829) 55-64 years: 3.7% (male 3,342 / female 3,959) 65 years and over: 2.85% (male 2,506 / female 3,117) (2016 estimate). It also a significant factor in a society the population growth rate, which in the case of Sao Tome and Principe is 1.78% (2016 estimate).
The population growth rate is based on two elements, the birth, and the death rate. In Sao Tome and Principe the birth rate is 33.3 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate), the death rate 7 deaths / 1,000 population (2016 estimate).
In this day and age in the developed societies, the first child borns later compared to the previous centuries and decades, so the childbearing is extended. In Sao Tome and Principe the average age of mothers at the first childbirth is .
In the best case scenario despite the fact that the birth of the children is postponed, the parents are still able to see their kids grow as the life expectancy is also extended. In the case of Sao Tome and Principe, these figures are . With the introduction of modern medicine, the vaccinations and the proper hygienic conditions, the infant mortality rate is in a steep decline. The infant mortality statistics in Sao Tome and Principe are the following: . Relevant data is the budget of healthcare, which is in the case of this country is 8.4% of GDP (2014).
Economic data of Sao Tome and Principe
If we would like to describe a country, we also have to mention its economy; This small, poor island economy has become increasingly dependent on cocoa since independence in 1975. Cocoa production has substantially declined in recent years because of drought and mismanagement. Sao Tome and Principe has to import fuels, most manufaOver the years, Sao Tome and Principe has had difficulty servicing its external debt and has relied heavily on concessional aid and debt rescheduling. It benefited from $200 million in debt relief in December 2000 under the Highly Indebted Poor CountriesConsiderable potential exists for development of a tourist industry, and the government has taken steps to expand facilities in recent years. Potential also exists for the development of petroleum resources in Sao Tome and Principe's territorial waters in.
GDP is an important figure as all the relevant calculations and statistics are based on it. GDP in Sao Tome and Principe is $351 million (2015 estimate).
An another important indicator is the rate of the GDP growth, which in Sao Tome and Principe is 4% (2016 estimate) 4% (2015 estimate) 4.5% (2014 estimate).
These statistics are affecting the world economy, remember in 2015 when the Chinese real GDP growth rate was worse than expected; The world markets fall, and the Chinese stock exchange was temporally suspended.
A further major factor of a country’s economy, the GDP per capita. In Sao Tome and Principe this is $3,300 (2016 estimate) $3,300 (2015 estimate) $3,200 (2014 estimate).
In the case of the economy, the Trinity is in common places, such as agriculture, industry, and services.
What are the agricultural products Sao Tome and Principe produces?
The main agricultural products of Sao Tome and Principe are cocoa, coconuts, palm kernels, copra, cinnamon, pepper, coffee, bananas, papayas, beans; poultry; fish.
Regarding the economy, the important segments are light construction, textiles, soap, beer, fish processing, timber. The crucial and regularly mentioned GDP is based on light construction, textiles, soap, beer, fish processing, timber.
Drinking water source in Sao Tome and Principe
It is important to mention, that - thanks to the development of the infrastructure -, the rate of potable water improved: urban: 98.9% of population, rural: 93.6% of population, total: 97.1% of population. Unimproved: urban: 1.1% of population, rural: 6.4% of population, total: 2.9% of population (2015 estimate).
Average number of childbirth in Sao Tome and Principe
In Sao Tome and Principe the average number of childbirth is 4.4 children born / woman (2016 estimate).
Population, median age, migration, and citizenship in Sao Tome and Principe
The average age of the population is total: 18.2 years; male: 17.8 years, female: 18.6 years (2016 estimate). The age of adulthood varies in every country of the world in Sao Tome and Principe it is 18 years of age, universal.
In this age when we are experiencing an unprecedented scale of migration and globalization, it is an important factor the number of new coming immigrants. In Sao Tome and Principe is -8.5 migrant(s) / 1,000 population (2016 estimate). It is important to know, how to apply for citizenship: citizenship by birth: no. Citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Sao Tome and Principe. Dual citizenship recognized: no. Residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years.
Is Sao Tome and Principe a safe destination? Healthcare services and contagious diseases in Sao Tome and Principe
Many of the travelers are looking into the healthcare services and contagious diseases of their destinations. In Sao Tome and Principe density of the hospital beds is 2.9 beds / 1,000 population (2011).
According to WHO rating regarding contagious diseases in Sao Tome and Principe the degree of risk: highfood or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fevervectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue feverwater contact disease: schistosomiasis (2016).
However, the HIV is not curable but maintainable. Let’s do not forget when the disease surfaced it was a world threatening condition. Unfortunately, in some countries, it is still very high the number of infected patients and fatalities as a result of the disease.
In Sao Tome and Principe the number of HIV/AIDS deaths: .
Regarding tourism the obesity, not an important issue, but we have to mention among the health statistics, as it is the plague of the 20th and the 21st century. The rate obese adults in Sao Tome and Principe is 10.6% (2014).
What are the natural hazards Sao Tome and Principe? Is there any?
The most known natural risks in Sao Tome and Principe are N/A.
More interesting facts about Sao Tome and Principe
A few words about the past, as every country and society its connected to its history; Discovered and claimed by Portugal in the late 15th century, the islands' sugar-based economy gave way to coffee and cocoa in the 19th century - all grown with African plantation slave labor, a form of which lingered into the 20th century. While independence was achieved in 1975, democratic reforms were not instituted until the late 1980s. The country held its first free elections in 1991, but frequent internal wrangling between the various political parties precipitated repeated changes in leadership and four failed, non-violent coup attempts in 1995, 1998, 2003, and 2009. In 2012, three opposition parties combined in a no confidence vote to bring down the majority government of former Prime Minister Patrice TROVOADA, but in 2014, legislative elections returned him to the office. New oil discoveries in the Gulf of Guinea may attract increased attention to the small island nation..
In every nation's memory, there are cornerstones that placed the country on the timeline of history. The date of declaration of independence of Sao Tome and Principe: 12 July 1975 (from Portugal).
The flag and other symbols of Sao Tome and Principe
The colors, symbols, and animals on the flag usually have a historical background or related to an important milestone or memory of the nation.
This case is not an exception either, three horizontal bands of green (top), yellow (double width), and green with two black five-pointed stars placed side by side in the center of the yellow band and a red isosceles triangle based on the hoist side; green stands for the country's rich vegetation, red recalls the struggle for independence, and yellow represents cocoa, one of the country's main agricultural products; the two stars symbolize the two main islands. Note: uses the popular Pan-African colors of Ethiopia.
Apart from the flag, the symbol of the national unity is the national anthem. The main purpose of the anthem is to share the nation's core values, endeavors, and the patriotic feelings.
National symbols of Sao Tome and Principe: palm tree; national colors: green, yellow, red, black.
Constitution of Sao Tome and Principe
The existence of the nation based on the constitution. Some constitutions knew around the world, like the U.S. Constitution that accepted on 17th of September 1787, in Philadelphia, the Constitution of United States of America.
It is not related to the declaration of independence that was stolen by Nicolas Cage in the movie National Treasure 🙂
What is the legal system of Sao Tome and Principe?
Most of the times the legal system of a country is in the focus of lawyers. It is a common fact that there are two main approaches in the world, “the law in books” and “the law in action.”
In the Anglo-Saxon world, the practice is the “law in action” while in the rest of the world where the law based on Roman law, the “law in books.”
The legal system of Sao Tome and Principe is mixed legal system of civil law base on the Portuguese model and customary law.
It was Aristotle, who founded the theory of 3 separations of powers. In his view, these are the council of public affairs, the magistrates, and the justice system. In the age of enlightenment was the time when terminologies have been defined, the way we still use them. In most of the democratic countries, the three authorities are separated from each other. In dictatorships, the authorities are usually interwoven in one hand.
About the legislative branch of Sao Tome and Principe, we can highlight the following structures unicameral National Assembly or Assembleia Nacional (55 seats; members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by proportional representation vote to serve 4-year terms)elections: last held on 12 October 2014 (next expected in October 2018)election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - ADI 33, MLSTP-PSD 16, PCD-GR 5, other 1.
About the unemployment rate, labor force, and poverty line in Sao Tome and Principe
One of the major problems of the 21st-century economy is the unemployment. Governments are struggling to maintain a low level of the unemployment rate, but as a result of automation, the cheap 3rd world labor and the outsourcing of workflow, these attempts are failing. In Sao Tome and Principe the labor force is 70,620 (2016 estimate). Please bear in mind that the population in Sao Tome and Principe is total: 46.6 deaths / 1,000 live births; male: 48.5 deaths / 1,000 live births, female: 44.6 deaths / 1,000 live births (2016 estimate) - as we already mentioned above.
The rate of unemployment in Sao Tome and Principe is 13.5% (2014 estimate).
It is widely known that the gap between the rich and poor is widening on an enormous scale.
According to the 2017 shocking Oxfam report, the richest eight people’s fortune is equal to the fortune of the poorest half of the world's population.
In Sao Tome and Principe, the income of the households and consumption compared to the entire population: lowest 10%: NA% highhest 10%: NA%.
Another widely used indicator is the so-called GINI index, which measures the inequalities of statistical dispersion, but mainly used for measuring the sharing of income and fortune.
The GINI index is named after its founder Corrado Gini an Italian economist. Gini index has grades between 0-1, but often it is used on a percentage basis. It is 0 if the examined criteria territorial distribution is equal. It is one if the criteria is concentrated on the territory. In Sao Tome and Principe the GINI index is N/A.
The states usually set up a poverty line, which is more or less is a subjective measure. It varies by country its base is often the minimum pension, the incomes of the poorest 20 percent, the X percent of income per capita Etc.
In Sao Tome and Principe the people living under the poverty line is lowest 10%: NA% highhest 10%: NA%.
About the budget and central governments debt of Sao Tome and Principe
Available budget mainly defines the state's economy. The budget of Sao Tome and Principe is; revenues: $108.6 million, expenditures: $127 million (2016 estimate). Taxes and other revenues are 30.9% of GDP (2016 estimate).
The budget deficit (Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)) is .
The fiscal year in Sao Tome and Principe is calendar year.
In country’s economy, we have to consider the public debt. Public debt is the consolidated sum of the state local, federal and central governments debt.
Inflation rate and prime lending rate in Sao Tome and Principe
A few further interesting and important economic data are the fallowing; Inflation rate: 5.1% (2016 estimate), 5.3% (2015 estimate) and the rate of the Commercial bank prime lending rate: 15% (31 December 2016 estimate).
Export/import partners and data of Sao Tome and Principe
Sao Tome and Principe, with the export of products, industrial tools, and other services, generates revenue. The export value in Sao Tome and Principe is: $11 million (2016 estimate), $11.3 million (2015 estimate). The total revenue of these activities: cocoa 80%, copra, coffee, palm oil (2010 estimate).
The most important imported products are: machinery and electrical equipment, food products, petroleum products, and the countries from where the import is coming: Portugal 65.2%, China 8.1%, Gabon 7.3% (2015).
Renewable energies used in Sao Tome and Principe
As an attempt to suppress the pollution of the environment, renewable energies has to replace the fossil energy. The more the proportion of renewable energies in a country means more effort against the pollution. Sao Tome and Principe, the indicator of how much of country’s produced energy is coming from hydroelectric source is 25% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
To indicate how much another renewable energy is produced is the 0% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
Telecommunication data of Sao Tome and Principe, calling code
To maintain the economy, the development of a reliable and modern telecommunications infrastructure is crucial. We can say the following about Sao Tome and Principe; local telephone network of adequate quality with most lines connected to digital switchesdomestic: combined fixed-line and mobile-cellular teledensity roughly 70 telephones per 100 personsinternational: country code - 239; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean) (2015).
Transport infrastructure in Sao Tome and Principe
In the 21st century, we often say that the world has become small and there are no distances anymore. With widespread air travel when (sometimes) there are no visa restrictions, it is easy to reach other countries, but in case the distance is not too long, we can also use railway or water transportation.
The number of airports in Sao Tome and Principe: 2 (2013), and the number of heliports: N/A.
The total length of the roadways in Sao Tome and Principe: total: 320 km, paved: 218 km, unpaved: 102 km (2000).
The total length of the waterways in Sao Tome and Principe: N/A.
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Facts about Sao Tome and Principe
Name of the country: conventional long form: Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe, conventional short form: Sao Tome and Principe, local long form: Republica Democratica de Sao Tome e Principe, local short form: Sao Tome e Principe, etymology: Sao Tome was named after Saint THOMAS the Apostle by the Portuguese who discovered the island on 21 December 1470 (or 1471), the saint's feast day; Principe is a shortening of the original Portuguese name of "Ilha do Principe" (Isle of the Prince) referring to the Prince of Portugal to whom duties on the island's sugar crop were paid.
|Abbrevation: Sao Tome and Principe||Geographic coordinates:
1 00 N, 7 00 E
|Capital of Sao Tome and Principe: Sao Tome||GPS of the Capital:
0 20 N 6 44 E
|Position: Central Africa, islands in the Gulf of Guinea, just north of the Equator, west of Gabon|
|Land area: total: 964 sq km; land: 964 sq km, water: 0 sq km||Terrain: volcanic, mountainous
||Area comparative: more than five times the size of Washington, DC|
|Population: 197,541 (July 2016 estimate)||Population grow rate: 1.78% (2016 estimate)||Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s) / female, 0-14 years: 1.03 male(s) / female, 15-24 years: 1.03 male(s) / female, 25-54 years: 0.96 male(s) / female, 55-64 years: 0.84 male(s) / female, 65 years and over: 0.81 male(s) / female, total population: 1 male(s) / female, (2016 estimate)|
|Exports: $11 million (2016 estimate), $11.3 million (2015 estimate)||Imports: $116.8 million (2016 estimate), $118.9 million (2015 estimate)||Import partners: Portugal 65.2%, China 8.1%, Gabon 7.3% (2015)|
|Urbanization: urban population: 65.1% of total population (2015)||Major urban area(s): SAO TOME (capital) 71,000 (2014)||Median age: total: 18.2 years; male: 17.8 years, female: 18.6 years (2016 estimate)
|Internet users: total: 50,000. Percent of population: 25.8% (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (fixed lines): total subscriptions: 7,000. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 4 (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (mobile, cellular): total: 132,000. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 68 (July 2015 estimate)|
|Unemployment rate: 13.5% (2014 estimate)||Nationality: Sao Tomean(s) adjective: Sao Tomean||National holidays: Independence Day, 12 July (1975)|
|Life expectancy at birth: total population: 64.9 years. Male: 63.6 years, female: 66.3 years (2016 estimate)||Total fertility rate: 4.4 children born / woman (2016 estimate)||Birthrate: 33.3 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate)|
|Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write. Total population: 74.9%; male: 81.8%, female: 68.4% (2015 estimate)||Legal system: mixed legal system of civil law base on the Portuguese model and customary law||Suffrage: 18 years of age, universal|
|Industries: light construction, textiles, soap, beer, fish processing, timber||Industrial production growth rate: 4.5% (2016 estimate)||GDP real growth rate: 4% (2016 estimate) 4% (2015 estimate) 4.5% (2014 estimate)|
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