|Borderline map of Gabon||Location map of Gabon||Flag of Gabon|
Google maps and detailed facts of Gabon, (GA). This page enables you to explore Gabon and its border countries (Location: Central Africa, bordering the Atlantic Ocean at the Equator, between Republic of the Congo and Equatorial Guinea) through detailed Satellite imagery - fast and easy as never before Google maps.
Find comprehensive information below about this country in its diversity: geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government, and history - All in One Wiki page!
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Gabon Google Map
The map below shows Gabon with its cities, towns, highways, main roads, streets and also providing Street Views. To find a location use the form below, type any city or place and to view, just a simple map click on the "Show Map" button.
The Google map above is showing Gabon with its location: Africa, (geographic coordinates: 1 00 S, 11 45 E) and the international borders of Gabon; total: 3,261 km. Border countries (total: 3): Cameroon 349 km, Republic of the Congo 2,567 km, Equatorial Guinea 345 km furthermore its inland counties boundaries.
Hint: Have a look at the Street view in Gabon, or Africa. All you have to do is to drag and pull the little yellow man (named: Pegman) on the Google map above the desired location. After that whenever it is available (more than 50 countries in the world), blue stripes will appear to show the photos and details from Google’s regularly updated data image base.
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About Gabon in detail
Where is Gabon?
Gabon, in case if you are looking on the map under the Coordinates 0 23 N 9 27 E otherwise in Africa, in Central Africa, bordering the Atlantic Ocean at the Equator, between Republic of the Congo and Equatorial Guinea.
What is the capital of Gabon?
The capital city of Gabon is: Libreville.
What is the time in Libreville?
It is 6 hours ahead of Washington DC during Standard Time, the timezone of Libreville is: UTC+1.
What is the Internet code for Gabon?
The Top Level Domain (TLD) for Gabon is: .ga
What is the size of Gabon?
The territory of Gabon is total: 267,667 sq km; land: 257,667 sq km, water: 10,000 sq km.
If we want to describe the size of the territory of Gabon is slightly smaller than Colorado.
If we would like to walk around and discover Gabon, we can do that by covering the distance of total: 3,261 km.
What is the water coverage of Gabon?
We have mentioned already on this website, that what percentage of Gabon is covered by water (see below), and this includes 885 km coastline.
What is the climate like in Gabon?
The climate of Gabon is tropical: always hot, humid.
Geographical data of Gabon
The elevation of Gabon; mean elevation: 377 m, elevation extremes; lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m, highest point: Mont Iboundji 1,575 m.
The typical geographical details of Gabon include narrow coastal plain; hilly interior; savanna in east and south.
If we would like to describe the countries location from a different point of view, it is safe to say, and easy to read from a map, Gabon is a small population and oil and mineral reserves have helped Gabon become one of Africa's wealthier countries; in general, these circumstances have allowed the country to maintain and conserve its pristine rain forest and rich biodiversity.
Resources and land use of Gabon
The country’s main mined products are petroleum, natural gas, diamond, niobium, manganese, uranium, gold, timber, iron ore, hydropower. The population partly uses the earlier highlighted land territory and partly left in its natural state: agricultural land: 19%; arable land 1.2%; permanent crops 0.6%; permanent pasture 17.2%; forest: 81%; other: 0% (2011 estimate).
Population data of Gabon
The number of inhabitants of Gabon is 1,738,541 (July 2016 estimate).
If we examine the proportion of population distribution, it is safe to say that N/A.
If we are looking at the proportion of the urbanized and barely populated areas, these are the figures: urban population: 87.2% of total population (2015).
Most of the population in Gabon is concentrated in LIBREVILLE (capital) 707,000 (2015).
Ethnicity in Gabon
According to ethnicity details, the ethnic groups in this country are the following: Bantu tribes, including four major tribal groupings (Fang, Bapounou, Nzebi, Obamba); other Africans and Europeans, 154,000, including 10,700 French and 11,000 persons of dual nationality.
Spoken languages in Gabon
The spoken languages in Gabon are the following: French (official language), Fang, Myene, Nzebi, Bapounou/Eschira, Bandjabi.
What are the most important religions in Gabon?
During the general census, researchers examine the churches, according to this: Catholic 41.9%, Protestant 13.7%, other Christian 32.4%, Muslim 6.4%, animist 0.3%, other 0.3%, none/no answer 5% (2012 estimate).
Further population data of Gabon
The proportion of gender and age tells a lot about the society as follows 0-14 years: 41.98% (male 366,875 / female 363,031) 15-24 years: 20.37% (male 177,501 / female 176,653) 25-54 years: 29.59% (male 257,841 / female 256,604) 55-64 years: 4.28% (male 35,895 / female 38,533) 65 years and over: 3.77% (male 28,137 / female 37,471) (2016 estimate). It also a significant factor in a society the population growth rate, which in the case of Gabon is 1.92% (2016 estimate).
The population growth rate is based on two elements, the birth, and the death rate. In Gabon the birth rate is 34.3 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate), the death rate 13.1 deaths / 1,000 population (2016 estimate).
In this day and age in the developed societies, the first child borns later compared to the previous centuries and decades, so the childbearing is extended. In Gabon the average age of mothers at the first childbirth is .
In the best case scenario despite the fact that the birth of the children is postponed, the parents are still able to see their kids grow as the life expectancy is also extended. In the case of Gabon, these figures are . With the introduction of modern medicine, the vaccinations and the proper hygienic conditions, the infant mortality rate is in a steep decline. The infant mortality statistics in Gabon are the following: . Relevant data is the budget of healthcare, which is in the case of this country is 3.4% of GDP (2014).
Economic data of Gabon
If we would like to describe a country, we also have to mention its economy; Gabon enjoys a per capita income four times that of most sub-Saharan African nations, but because of high income inequality, a large proportion of the population remains poor. Gabon relied on timber and manganese exports until oil was discovered offshoreGabon faces fluctuating prices for its oil, timber, and manganese exports. A rebound of oil prices from 2001 to 2013 helped growth, but declining production, as some fields passed their peak production, has hampered Gabon from fully realizing potential gaDespite an abundance of natural wealth, poor fiscal management and over-reliance on oil has stifled the economy. There are frequent power cuts and water shortages. However, President BONGO has made efforts to increase transparency and is taking steps to m.
GDP is an important figure as all the relevant calculations and statistics are based on it. GDP in Gabon is $14.56 billion (2015 estimate).
An another important indicator is the rate of the GDP growth, which in Gabon is 3.2% (2016 estimate) 4% (2015 estimate) 4.3% (2014 estimate).
These statistics are affecting the world economy, remember in 2015 when the Chinese real GDP growth rate was worse than expected; The world markets fall, and the Chinese stock exchange was temporally suspended.
A further major factor of a country’s economy, the GDP per capita. In Gabon this is $19,300 (2016 estimate) $18,900 (2015 estimate) $18,500 (2014 estimate).
In the case of the economy, the Trinity is in common places, such as agriculture, industry, and services.
What are the agricultural products Gabon produces?
The main agricultural products of Gabon are cocoa, coffee, sugar, palm oil, rubber; cattle; okoume (a tropical softwood); fish.
Regarding the economy, the important segments are petroleum extraction and refining; manganese, gold; chemicals, ship repair, food and beverages, textiles, lumbering and plywood, cement. The crucial and regularly mentioned GDP is based on petroleum extraction and refining; manganese, gold; chemicals, ship repair, food and beverages, textiles, lumbering and plywood, cement.
Drinking water source in Gabon
It is important to mention, that - thanks to the development of the infrastructure -, the rate of potable water improved: urban: 97.2% of population, rural: 66.7% of population, total: 93.2% of population. Unimproved: urban: 2.8% of population, rural: 33.3% of population, total: 6.8% of population (2015 estimate).
Average number of childbirth in Gabon
In Gabon the average number of childbirth is 4.43 children born / woman (2016 estimate).
Population, median age, migration, and citizenship in Gabon
The average age of the population is total: 18.6 years; male: 18.4 years, female: 18.8 years (2016 estimate). The age of adulthood varies in every country of the world in Gabon it is 18 years of age, universal.
In this age when we are experiencing an unprecedented scale of migration and globalization, it is an important factor the number of new coming immigrants. In Gabon is -2 migrant(s) / 1,000 population (2016 estimate). It is important to know, how to apply for citizenship: citizenship by birth: no. Citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Gabon. Dual citizenship recognized: no. Residency requirement for naturalization: 10 years.
Is Gabon a safe destination? Healthcare services and contagious diseases in Gabon
Many of the travelers are looking into the healthcare services and contagious diseases of their destinations. In Gabon density of the hospital beds is 6.3 beds / 1,000 population (2010).
According to WHO rating regarding contagious diseases in Gabon the degree of risk: very highfood or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fevervectorborne disease: malaria and dengue feverwater contact disease: schistosomiasisanimal contact disease: rabies (2016).
However, the HIV is not curable but maintainable. Let’s do not forget when the disease surfaced it was a world threatening condition. Unfortunately, in some countries, it is still very high the number of infected patients and fatalities as a result of the disease.
In Gabon the number of HIV/AIDS deaths: .
Regarding tourism the obesity, not an important issue, but we have to mention among the health statistics, as it is the plague of the 20th and the 21st century. The rate obese adults in Gabon is 15.8% (2014).
What are the natural hazards Gabon? Is there any?
The most known natural risks in Gabon are N/A.
More interesting facts about Gabon
A few words about the past, as every country and society its connected to its history; El Hadj Omar BONGO Ondimba - one of the longest-serving heads of state in the world - dominated the country's political scene for four decades (1967-2009) following independence from France in 1960. President BONGO introduced a nominal multiparty system and a new constitution in the early 1990s. However, allegations of electoral fraud during local elections in December 2002 and the presidential election in 2005 exposed the weaknesses of formal political structures in Gabon. Following President BONGO's death in 2009, a new election brought Ali BONGO Ondimba, son of the former president, to power. Despite constrained political conditions, Gabon's small population, abundant natural resources, and considerable foreign support have helped make it one of the more stable African countries..
In every nation's memory, there are cornerstones that placed the country on the timeline of history. The date of declaration of independence of Gabon: 17 August 1960 (from France).
The flag and other symbols of Gabon
The colors, symbols, and animals on the flag usually have a historical background or related to an important milestone or memory of the nation.
This case is not an exception either, three equal horizontal bands of green (top), yellow, and blue; green represents the country's forests and natural resources, gold represents the equator (which transects Gabon) as well as the sun, blue represents the sea.
Apart from the flag, the symbol of the national unity is the national anthem. The main purpose of the anthem is to share the nation's core values, endeavors, and the patriotic feelings.
National symbols of Gabon: black panther; national colors: green, yellow, blue.
Constitution of Gabon
The existence of the nation based on the constitution. Some constitutions knew around the world, like the U.S. Constitution that accepted on 17th of September 1787, in Philadelphia, the Constitution of United States of America.
It is not related to the declaration of independence that was stolen by Nicolas Cage in the movie National Treasure 🙂
What is the legal system of Gabon?
Most of the times the legal system of a country is in the focus of lawyers. It is a common fact that there are two main approaches in the world, “the law in books” and “the law in action.”
In the Anglo-Saxon world, the practice is the “law in action” while in the rest of the world where the law based on Roman law, the “law in books.”
The legal system of Gabon is mixed legal system of French civil law and customary law.
It was Aristotle, who founded the theory of 3 separations of powers. In his view, these are the council of public affairs, the magistrates, and the justice system. In the age of enlightenment was the time when terminologies have been defined, the way we still use them. In most of the democratic countries, the three authorities are separated from each other. In dictatorships, the authorities are usually interwoven in one hand.
About the legislative branch of Gabon, we can highlight the following structures bicameral Parliament or Parlement consists of the Senate or Senat (number of seats not fixed; members indirectly elected by municipal councils and departmental assemblies by absolute majority vote in two rounds; members serve 6-year terms) and the National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (120 seats; members elected in single-seat constituencies by absolute majority vote in two rounds if needed; members serve 5-year terms)elections: Senate - last held on 13 December 2014 (next to be held in January 2021); National Assembly - last held on 17 December 2011 (next to be held by July 2017)election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - PDG 81, CLR 7, PSD 2, ADERE-UPG 1, UPG 1, PGCI 1, independent 7; National Assembly - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - PDG 114, RPG 3, other 3.
About the unemployment rate, labor force, and poverty line in Gabon
One of the major problems of the 21st-century economy is the unemployment. Governments are struggling to maintain a low level of the unemployment rate, but as a result of automation, the cheap 3rd world labor and the outsourcing of workflow, these attempts are failing. In Gabon the labor force is 674,700 (2016 estimate). Please bear in mind that the population in Gabon is total: 45.1 deaths / 1,000 live births; male: 52 deaths / 1,000 live births, female: 38 deaths / 1,000 live births (2016 estimate) - as we already mentioned above.
The rate of unemployment in Gabon is 21% (2006 estimate).
It is widely known that the gap between the rich and poor is widening on an enormous scale.
According to the 2017 shocking Oxfam report, the richest eight people’s fortune is equal to the fortune of the poorest half of the world's population.
In Gabon, the income of the households and consumption compared to the entire population: lowest 10%: 2.5% highhest 10%: 32.7% (2005).
Another widely used indicator is the so-called GINI index, which measures the inequalities of statistical dispersion, but mainly used for measuring the sharing of income and fortune.
The GINI index is named after its founder Corrado Gini an Italian economist. Gini index has grades between 0-1, but often it is used on a percentage basis. It is 0 if the examined criteria territorial distribution is equal. It is one if the criteria is concentrated on the territory. In Gabon the GINI index is N/A.
The states usually set up a poverty line, which is more or less is a subjective measure. It varies by country its base is often the minimum pension, the incomes of the poorest 20 percent, the X percent of income per capita Etc.
In Gabon the people living under the poverty line is lowest 10%: 2.5% highhest 10%: 32.7% (2005).
About the budget and central governments debt of Gabon
Available budget mainly defines the state's economy. The budget of Gabon is; revenues: $2.917 billion, expenditures: $3.464 billion (2016 estimate). Taxes and other revenues are 20% of GDP (2016 estimate).
The budget deficit (Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)) is .
The fiscal year in Gabon is calendar year.
In country’s economy, we have to consider the public debt. Public debt is the consolidated sum of the state local, federal and central governments debt.
Inflation rate and prime lending rate in Gabon
A few further interesting and important economic data are the fallowing; Inflation rate: 1.1% (2016 estimate), 0.6% (2015 estimate) and the rate of the Commercial bank prime lending rate: 15.5% (31 December 2016 estimate).
Export/import partners and data of Gabon
Gabon, with the export of products, industrial tools, and other services, generates revenue. The export value in Gabon is: $4.395 billion (2016 estimate), $5.181 billion (2015 estimate). The total revenue of these activities: crude oil, timber, manganese, uranium.
The most important imported products are: machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, chemicals, construction materials, and the countries from where the import is coming: China 21.4%, France 19.6%, US 6.6%, Benin 4.7%, Netherlands 4% (2015).
Renewable energies used in Gabon
As an attempt to suppress the pollution of the environment, renewable energies has to replace the fossil energy. The more the proportion of renewable energies in a country means more effort against the pollution. Gabon, the indicator of how much of country’s produced energy is coming from hydroelectric source is 41% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
To indicate how much another renewable energy is produced is the 0% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
Telecommunication data of Gabon, calling code
To maintain the economy, the development of a reliable and modern telecommunications infrastructure is crucial. We can say the following about Gabon; adequate system of cable, microwave radio relay, tropospheric scatter, radiotelephone communication stations, and a domestic satellite system with 12 earth stationsdomestic: a growing mobile cellular network with multiple providers is making telephone service more widely available with mobile cellular teledensity exceeding 170 per 100 personsinternational: country code - 241; landing point for the SAT-3/WASC fiber-optic submarine cable that provides connectivity to Europe and Asia; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean) (2015).
Transport infrastructure in Gabon
In the 21st century, we often say that the world has become small and there are no distances anymore. With widespread air travel when (sometimes) there are no visa restrictions, it is easy to reach other countries, but in case the distance is not too long, we can also use railway or water transportation.
The number of airports in Gabon: 44 (2013), and the number of heliports: N/A.
The total length of the roadways in Gabon: total: 9,170 km, paved: 1,097 km, unpaved: 8,073 km (2007).
The total length of the waterways in Gabon: 1,600 km (310 km on Ogooue River) (2010).
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Facts about Gabon
Name of the country: conventional long form: Gabonese Republic, conventional short form: Gabon, local long form: Republique Gabonaise, local short form: Gabon, etymology: name originates from the Portuguese word "gabao" meaning "cloak," which is roughly the shape that the early explorers gave to the estuary of the Komo River by the capital of Libreville.
|Abbrevation: Gabon||Geographic coordinates:
1 00 S, 11 45 E
|Capital of Gabon: Libreville||GPS of the Capital:
0 23 N 9 27 E
|Position: Central Africa, bordering the Atlantic Ocean at the Equator, between Republic of the Congo and Equatorial Guinea|
|Land area: total: 267,667 sq km; land: 257,667 sq km, water: 10,000 sq km||Terrain: narrow coastal plain; hilly interior; savanna in east and south
||Area comparative: slightly smaller than Colorado|
|Population: 1,738,541 (July 2016 estimate)||Population grow rate: 1.92% (2016 estimate)||Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s) / female, 0-14 years: 1.01 male(s) / female, 15-24 years: 1 male(s) / female, 25-54 years: 1 male(s) / female, 55-64 years: 0.93 male(s) / female, 65 years and over: 0.75 male(s) / female, total population: 0.99 male(s) / female, (2016 estimate)|
|Exports: $4.395 billion (2016 estimate), $5.181 billion (2015 estimate)||Imports: $3.002 billion (2016 estimate), $3.061 billion (2015 estimate)||Import partners: China 21.4%, France 19.6%, US 6.6%, Benin 4.7%, Netherlands 4% (2015)|
|Urbanization: urban population: 87.2% of total population (2015)||Major urban area(s): LIBREVILLE (capital) 707,000 (2015)||Median age: total: 18.6 years; male: 18.4 years, female: 18.8 years (2016 estimate)
|Internet users: total: 401,000. Percent of population: 23.5% (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (fixed lines): total subscriptions: 18,758. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 1 (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (mobile, cellular): total: 2.958 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 173 (July 2015 estimate)|
|Unemployment rate: 21% (2006 estimate)||Nationality: Gabonese (singular and plural) adjective: Gabonese||National holidays: Independence Day, 17 August (1960)|
|Life expectancy at birth: total population: 52.1 years. Male: 51.6 years, female: 52.5 years (2016 estimate)||Total fertility rate: 4.43 children born / woman (2016 estimate)||Birthrate: 34.3 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate)|
|Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write. Total population: 83.2%; male: 85.3%, female: 81% (2015 estimate)||Legal system: mixed legal system of French civil law and customary law||Suffrage: 18 years of age, universal|
|Industries: petroleum extraction and refining; manganese, gold; chemicals, ship repair, food and beverages, textiles, lumbering and plywood, cement||Industrial production growth rate: -1.5% (2016 estimate)||GDP real growth rate: 3.2% (2016 estimate) 4% (2015 estimate) 4.3% (2014 estimate)|
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