|Borderline map of Egypt||Location map of Egypt||Flag of Egypt|
Google maps and detailed facts of Egypt, (EG). This page enables you to explore Egypt and its border countries (Location: Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Libya and the Gaza Strip, and the Red Sea north of Sudan, and includes the Asian Sinai Peninsula) through detailed Satellite imagery - fast and easy as never before Google maps.
Find comprehensive information below about this country in its diversity: geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government, and history - All in One Wiki page!
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Egypt Google Map
The map below shows Egypt with its cities, towns, highways, main roads, streets and also providing Street Views. To find a location use the form below, type any city or place and to view, just a simple map click on the "Show Map" button.
The Google map above is showing Egypt with its location: Africa, (geographic coordinates: 27 00 N, 30 00 E) and the international borders of Egypt; total: 2,612 km. Border countries (total: 4): Gaza Strip 13 km, Israel 208 km, Libya 1,115 km, Sudan 1,276 km furthermore its inland counties boundaries.
Hint: Have a look at the Street view in Egypt, or Africa. All you have to do is to drag and pull the little yellow man (named: Pegman) on the Google map above the desired location. After that whenever it is available (more than 50 countries in the world), blue stripes will appear to show the photos and details from Google’s regularly updated data image base.
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About Egypt in detail
Where is Egypt?
Egypt, in case if you are looking on the map under the Coordinates 30 03 N 31 15 E otherwise in Africa, in Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Libya and the Gaza Strip, and the Red Sea north of Sudan, and includes the Asian Sinai Peninsula.
What is the capital of Egypt?
The capital city of Egypt is: Cairo.
What is the time in Cairo?
It is 7 hours ahead of Washington DC during Standard Time, the timezone of Cairo is: UTC+2.
What is the Internet code for Egypt?
The Top Level Domain (TLD) for Egypt is: .eg
What is the size of Egypt?
The territory of Egypt is total: 1,001,450 sq km; land: 995,450 sq km, water: 6,000 sq km.
If we want to describe the size of the territory of Egypt is more than eight times the size of Ohio; slightly more than three times the size of New Mexico.
If we would like to walk around and discover Egypt, we can do that by covering the distance of total: 2,612 km.
What is the water coverage of Egypt?
We have mentioned already on this website, that what percentage of Egypt is covered by water (see below), and this includes 2,450 km coastline.
What is the climate like in Egypt?
The climate of Egypt is desert: hot, dry summers with moderate winters.
Geographical data of Egypt
The elevation of Egypt; mean elevation: 321 m, elevation extremes; lowest point: Qattara Depression -133 m, highest point: Mount Catherine 2,629 m.
The typical geographical details of Egypt include vast desert plateau interrupted by Nile valley and delta.
If we would like to describe the countries location from a different point of view, it is safe to say, and easy to read from a map, Egypt is controls Sinai Peninsula, only land bridge between Africa and remainder of Eastern Hemisphere; controls Suez Canal, a sea link between Indian Ocean and Mediterranean Sea; size, and juxtaposition to Israel, establish its major role in Middle Eastern geopolitics; dependence on upstream neighbors; dominance of Nile basin issues; prone to influxes of refugees from Sudan and the Palestinian territories.
Resources and land use of Egypt
The country’s main mined products are petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, manganese, limestone, gypsum, talc, asbestos, lead, rare earth elements, zinc. The population partly uses the earlier highlighted land territory and partly left in its natural state: agricultural land: 3.6%; arable land 2.8%; permanent crops 0.8%; permanent pasture 0%; forest: 0.1%; other: 96.3% (2011 estimate).
Population data of Egypt
The number of inhabitants of Egypt is 94,666,993 (July 2016 estimate).
If we examine the proportion of population distribution, it is safe to say that approximately 95% of the population lives within 20 km of the Nile River and its delta; vast areas of the country remain sparsely populated or uninhabited.
If we are looking at the proportion of the urbanized and barely populated areas, these are the figures: urban population: 43.1% of total population (2015).
Most of the population in Egypt is concentrated in CAIRO (capital) 18.772 million; Alexandria 4.778 million (2015).
Ethnicity in Egypt
According to ethnicity details, the ethnic groups in this country are the following: Egyptian 99.6%, other 0.4% (2006 census).
Spoken languages in Egypt
The spoken languages in Egypt are the following: Arabic (official language), English and French widely understood by educated classes.
What are the most important religions in Egypt?
During the general census, researchers examine the churches, according to this: Muslim (predominantly Sunni) 90%, Christian (majority Coptic Orthodox, other Christians include Armenian Apostolic, Catholic, Maronite, Orthodox, and Anglican) 10% (2012 estimate).
Further population data of Egypt
The proportion of gender and age tells a lot about the society as follows 0-14 years: 33.21% (male 16,268,862 / female 15,169,039) 15-24 years: 19.24% (male 9,371,819 / female 8,839,999) 25-54 years: 37.47% (male 18,020,332 / female 17,448,871) 55-64 years: 5.91% (male 2,771,399 / female 2,826,094) 65 years and over: 4.17% (male 1,937,119 / female 2,013,459) (2016 estimate). It also a significant factor in a society the population growth rate, which in the case of Egypt is 2.51% (2016 estimate).
The population growth rate is based on two elements, the birth, and the death rate. In Egypt the birth rate is 30.3 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate), the death rate 4.7 deaths / 1,000 population (2016 estimate).
In this day and age in the developed societies, the first child borns later compared to the previous centuries and decades, so the childbearing is extended. In Egypt the average age of mothers at the first childbirth is .
In the best case scenario despite the fact that the birth of the children is postponed, the parents are still able to see their kids grow as the life expectancy is also extended. In the case of Egypt, these figures are . With the introduction of modern medicine, the vaccinations and the proper hygienic conditions, the infant mortality rate is in a steep decline. The infant mortality statistics in Egypt are the following: . Relevant data is the budget of healthcare, which is in the case of this country is 5.6% of GDP (2014).
Economic data of Egypt
If we would like to describe a country, we also have to mention its economy; Occupying the northeast corner of the African continent, Egypt is bisected by the highly fertile Nile valley, where most economic activity takes place. Egypt's economy was highly centralized during the rule of former President Gamal Abdel NASSER but openeCairo from 2004 to 2008 pursued business climate reforms to attract foreign investment and facilitate growth. Poor living conditions and limited job opportunities for the average Egyptian contribute to public discontent, a major factor leading to the JanuWeak growth and limited foreign exchange earnings have made public finances unsustainable, leaving authorities dependent on expensive borrowing for deficit finance and on Gulf allies to help cover the import bill. In 2015-16, higher levels of foreign inve.
GDP is an important figure as all the relevant calculations and statistics are based on it. GDP in Egypt is $342.8 billion (2015 estimate).
An another important indicator is the rate of the GDP growth, which in Egypt is 3.8% (2016 estimate) 4.2% (2015 estimate) 2.2% (2014 estimate).
These statistics are affecting the world economy, remember in 2015 when the Chinese real GDP growth rate was worse than expected; The world markets fall, and the Chinese stock exchange was temporally suspended.
A further major factor of a country’s economy, the GDP per capita. In Egypt this is $12,100 (2016 estimate) $12,000 (2015 estimate) $11,800 (2014 estimate).
In the case of the economy, the Trinity is in common places, such as agriculture, industry, and services.
What are the agricultural products Egypt produces?
The main agricultural products of Egypt are cotton, rice, corn, wheat, beans, fruits, vegetables; cattle, water buffalo, sheep, goats.
Regarding the economy, the important segments are textiles, food processing, tourism, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, hydrocarbons, construction, cement, metals, light manufactures. The crucial and regularly mentioned GDP is based on textiles, food processing, tourism, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, hydrocarbons, construction, cement, metals, light manufactures.
Drinking water source in Egypt
It is important to mention, that - thanks to the development of the infrastructure -, the rate of potable water improved: urban: 100% of population, rural: 99% of population, total: 99.4% of population. Unimproved: urban: 0% of population, rural: 1% of population, total: 0.6% of population (2015 estimate).
Average number of childbirth in Egypt
In Egypt the average number of childbirth is 3.53 children born / woman (2016 estimate).
Population, median age, migration, and citizenship in Egypt
The average age of the population is total: 23.8 years; male: 23.5 years, female: 24.1 years (2016 estimate). The age of adulthood varies in every country of the world in Egypt it is 18 years of age, universal and compulsory.
In this age when we are experiencing an unprecedented scale of migration and globalization, it is an important factor the number of new coming immigrants. In Egypt is -0.5 migrant(s) / 1,000 population (2016 estimate). It is important to know, how to apply for citizenship: citizenship by birth: no. Citizenship by descent only: if the father was born in Egypt. Dual citizenship recognized: only with prior permission from the governmentresidency requirement for naturalization: 10 years.
Is Egypt a safe destination? Healthcare services and contagious diseases in Egypt
Many of the travelers are looking into the healthcare services and contagious diseases of their destinations. In Egypt density of the hospital beds is 0.5 beds / 1,000 population (2012).
According to WHO rating regarding contagious diseases in Egypt the degree of risk: intermediatefood or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid feverwater contact disease: schistosomiasis (2016).
However, the HIV is not curable but maintainable. Let’s do not forget when the disease surfaced it was a world threatening condition. Unfortunately, in some countries, it is still very high the number of infected patients and fatalities as a result of the disease.
In Egypt the number of HIV/AIDS deaths: .
Regarding tourism the obesity, not an important issue, but we have to mention among the health statistics, as it is the plague of the 20th and the 21st century. The rate obese adults in Egypt is 27.7% (2014).
What are the natural hazards Egypt? Is there any?
The most known natural risks in Egypt are periodic droughts; frequent earthquakes; flash floods; landslides; hot, driving windstorms called khamsin occur in spring; dust storms; sandstorms.
More interesting facts about Egypt
A few words about the past, as every country and society its connected to its history; The regularity and richness of the annual Nile River flood, coupled with semi-isolation provided by deserts to the east and west, allowed for the development of one of the world's great civilizations. A unified kingdom arose circa 3200 B.C., and a series of dynasties ruled in Egypt for the next three millennia. The last native dynasty fell to the Persians in 341 B.C., who in turn were replaced by the Greeks, Romans, and Byzantines. It was the Arabs who introduced Islam and the Arabic language in the 7th century and who ruled for the next six centuries. A local military caste, the Mamluks took control about 1250 and continued to govern after the conquest of Egypt by the Ottoman Turks in 1517. Completion of the Suez Canal in 1869 elevated Egypt as an important world transportation hub. Ostensibly to protect its investments, Britain seized control of Egypt's government in 1882, but nominal allegiance to the Ottoman Empire continued until 1914. Partially independent from the UK in 1922, Egypt acquired full sovereignty from Britain in 1952. The completion of the Aswan High Dam in 1971 and the resultant Lake Nasser have altered the time-honored place of the Nile River in the agriculture and ecology of Egypt. A rapidly growing population (the largest in the Arab world), limited arable land, and dependence on the Nile all continue to overtax resources and stress society. The government has struggled to meet the demands of Egypt's population through economic reform and massive investment in communications and physical infrastructure.Inspired by the 2010 Tunisian revolution, Egyptian opposition groups led demonstrations and labor strikes countrywide, culminating in President Hosni MUBARAK's ouster. Egypt's military assumed national leadership until a new parliament was in place in early 2012; later that same year, Mohammed MORSI won the presidential election. Following often violent protests throughout the spring of 2013 against MORSI's government and the Muslim Brotherhood, the Egyptian Armed Forces intervened and removed MORSI from power in July 2013 and replaced him with interim president Adly MANSOUR. In January 2014, voters approved a new constitution by referendum and in May 2014 elected Abdel Fattah EL SISI president. Egypt elected a new legislature in December 2015, the first parliament since 2012..
In every nation's memory, there are cornerstones that placed the country on the timeline of history. The date of declaration of independence of Egypt: 28 February 1922 (from UK protectorate status; the revolution that began on 23 July 1952 led to a republic being declared on 18 June 1953 and all British troops withdrawn on 18 June 1956); note - it was ca. 3200 B.C. that the Two Lands of Upper (southern) and Lower (northern) Egypt were first united politically.
The flag and other symbols of Egypt
The colors, symbols, and animals on the flag usually have a historical background or related to an important milestone or memory of the nation.
This case is not an exception either, three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and black; the national emblem (a gold Eagle of Saladin facing the hoist side with a shield superimposed on its chest above a scroll bearing the name of the country in Arabic) centered in the white band; the band colors derive from the Arab Liberation flag and represent oppression (black), overcome through bloody struggle (red), to be replaced by a bright future (white). Note: similar to the flag of Syria, which has two green stars in the white band, Iraq, which has an Arabic inscription centered in the white band, and Yemen, which has a plain white band.
Apart from the flag, the symbol of the national unity is the national anthem. The main purpose of the anthem is to share the nation's core values, endeavors, and the patriotic feelings.
National symbols of Egypt: golden eagle, white lotus; national colors: red, white, black.
Constitution of Egypt
The existence of the nation based on the constitution. Some constitutions knew around the world, like the U.S. Constitution that accepted on 17th of September 1787, in Philadelphia, the Constitution of United States of America.
It is not related to the declaration of independence that was stolen by Nicolas Cage in the movie National Treasure 🙂
What is the legal system of Egypt?
Most of the times the legal system of a country is in the focus of lawyers. It is a common fact that there are two main approaches in the world, “the law in books” and “the law in action.”
In the Anglo-Saxon world, the practice is the “law in action” while in the rest of the world where the law based on Roman law, the “law in books.”
The legal system of Egypt is mixed legal system based on Napoleonic civil and penal law, Islamic religious law, and vestiges of colonial-era laws; judicial review of the constitutionality of laws by the Supreme Constitutional Court.
It was Aristotle, who founded the theory of 3 separations of powers. In his view, these are the council of public affairs, the magistrates, and the justice system. In the age of enlightenment was the time when terminologies have been defined, the way we still use them. In most of the democratic countries, the three authorities are separated from each other. In dictatorships, the authorities are usually interwoven in one hand.
About the legislative branch of Egypt, we can highlight the following structures unicameral House of Representatives (Majlis Al-Nowaab); 596 seats; 448 members directly elected by individual candidacy system, 120 members - with quotas for women, youth, Christians and workers - elected in party-list constituencies by simple majority popular vote, and 28 members selected by the president; member term 5 years; note - inaugural session held on 10 January 2016elections: multi-phase election completed on 16 December 2015 (next election 2020)election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party -– Free Egyptians Party 65, Nation’s Future Party 53, New Wafd Party 36, Homeland’s Protector Party 18, Republican People’s Party 13, Congress Party 12, al-Nour Party 11, Conservative Party 6, Democratic Peace Party 5, Egyptian Social Democratic Party 4, Egyptian National Movement 4, Modern Egypt Party 4, Reform and Development Party 3, Freedom Party 3, My Homeland Egypt Party 3, National Progressive Unionist Party 2, Arab Democratic Nasserist Party 1, Revolutionary Guards Party 1, Free Egyptian Building Party 1, independent 351.
About the unemployment rate, labor force, and poverty line in Egypt
One of the major problems of the 21st-century economy is the unemployment. Governments are struggling to maintain a low level of the unemployment rate, but as a result of automation, the cheap 3rd world labor and the outsourcing of workflow, these attempts are failing. In Egypt the labor force is 31.96 million (2016 estimate). Please bear in mind that the population in Egypt is total: 19.7 deaths / 1,000 live births; male: 21 deaths / 1,000 live births, female: 18.3 deaths / 1,000 live births (2016 estimate) - as we already mentioned above.
The rate of unemployment in Egypt is 13.1% (2016 estimate).
It is widely known that the gap between the rich and poor is widening on an enormous scale.
According to the 2017 shocking Oxfam report, the richest eight people’s fortune is equal to the fortune of the poorest half of the world's population.
In Egypt, the income of the households and consumption compared to the entire population: lowest 10%: 4% highhest 10%: 26.6% (2008).
Another widely used indicator is the so-called GINI index, which measures the inequalities of statistical dispersion, but mainly used for measuring the sharing of income and fortune.
The GINI index is named after its founder Corrado Gini an Italian economist. Gini index has grades between 0-1, but often it is used on a percentage basis. It is 0 if the examined criteria territorial distribution is equal. It is one if the criteria is concentrated on the territory. In Egypt the GINI index is .30,8 (2008).
The states usually set up a poverty line, which is more or less is a subjective measure. It varies by country its base is often the minimum pension, the incomes of the poorest 20 percent, the X percent of income per capita Etc.
In Egypt the people living under the poverty line is lowest 10%: 4% highhest 10%: 26.6% (2008).
About the budget and central governments debt of Egypt
Available budget mainly defines the state's economy. The budget of Egypt is; revenues: $60.09 billion, expenditures: $92.37 billion (2016 estimate). Taxes and other revenues are 17.5% of GDP (2016 estimate).
The budget deficit (Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)) is .
The fiscal year in Egypt is 1 July - 30 June.
In country’s economy, we have to consider the public debt. Public debt is the consolidated sum of the state local, federal and central governments debt.
Inflation rate and prime lending rate in Egypt
A few further interesting and important economic data are the fallowing; Inflation rate: 12.1% (2016 estimate), 10.4% (2015 estimate) and the rate of the Commercial bank prime lending rate: 12.5% (31 December 2016 estimate).
Export/import partners and data of Egypt
Egypt, with the export of products, industrial tools, and other services, generates revenue. The export value in Egypt is: $14.73 billion (2016 estimate), $19.03 billion (2015 estimate). The total revenue of these activities: crude oil and petroleum products, fruits and vegetables, cotton, textiles, metal products, chemicals, processed food.
The most important imported products are: machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, chemicals, wood products, fuels, and the countries from where the import is coming: China 13%, Germany 7.7%, US 5.9%, Turkey 4.5%, Russia 4.4%, Italy 4.4%, Saudi Arabia 4.1% (2015).
Renewable energies used in Egypt
As an attempt to suppress the pollution of the environment, renewable energies has to replace the fossil energy. The more the proportion of renewable energies in a country means more effort against the pollution. Egypt, the indicator of how much of country’s produced energy is coming from hydroelectric source is 9.5% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
To indicate how much another renewable energy is produced is the 2.8% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
Telecommunication data of Egypt, calling code
To maintain the economy, the development of a reliable and modern telecommunications infrastructure is crucial. We can say the following about Egypt; Telecom Egypt remains largely state owned; principal centers at Alexandria, Cairo, Al Mansurah, Ismailia, Suez, and Tanta are connected by coaxial cable and microwave radio relaydomestic: largest fixed-line system in Africa and the Arab region; multiple mobile-cellular networks with a near 100-percent penetration of the marketinternational: country code - 20; landing point for Aletar, the SEA-ME-WE-3 and SEA-ME-WE-4 submarine cable networks, Link Around the Globe (FLAG) Falcon and FLAG FEA; satellite earth stations - 4 (2 Intelsat - Atlantic Ocean and Indian Ocean, 1 Arabsat, and 1 Inmarsat) (2015).
Transport infrastructure in Egypt
In the 21st century, we often say that the world has become small and there are no distances anymore. With widespread air travel when (sometimes) there are no visa restrictions, it is easy to reach other countries, but in case the distance is not too long, we can also use railway or water transportation.
The number of airports in Egypt: 83 (2013), and the number of heliports: 7 (2013).
The total length of the roadways in Egypt: total: 137,430 km, paved: 126,742 km (includes 838 km of expressways), unpaved: 10,688 km (2010).
The total length of the waterways in Egypt: 3,500 km (includes the Nile River, Lake Nasser, Alexandria-Cairo Waterway, and numerous smaller canals in Nile Delta; the Suez Canal (193.5 km including approaches) is navigable by oceangoing vessels drawing up to 17.68 m) (2011).
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Facts about Egypt
Name of the country: conventional long form: Arab Republic of Egypt, conventional short form: Egypt, local long form: Jumhuriyat Misr al-Arabiyah, local short form: Misr, former: United Arab Republic (with Syria), etymology: the English name "Egypt" derives from the ancient Greek name for the country "Aigyptos"; the Arabic name "Misr" can be traced to the ancient Akkadian "misru" meaning border or frontier.
|Abbrevation: Egypt||Geographic coordinates:
27 00 N, 30 00 E
|Capital of Egypt: Cairo||GPS of the Capital:
30 03 N 31 15 E
|Position: Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Libya and the Gaza Strip, and the Red Sea north of Sudan, and includes the Asian Sinai Peninsula|
|Land area: total: 1,001,450 sq km; land: 995,450 sq km, water: 6,000 sq km||Terrain: vast desert plateau interrupted by Nile valley and delta
||Area comparative: more than eight times the size of Ohio; slightly more than three times the size of New Mexico|
|Population: 94,666,993 (July 2016 estimate)||Population grow rate: 2.51% (2016 estimate)||Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s) / female, 0-14 years: 1.07 male(s) / female, 15-24 years: 1.06 male(s) / female, 25-54 years: 1.03 male(s) / female, 55-64 years: 0.98 male(s) / female, 65 years and over: 0.82 male(s) / female, total population: 1.05 male(s) / female, (2016 estimate)|
|Exports: $14.73 billion (2016 estimate), $19.03 billion (2015 estimate)||Imports: $50.07 billion (2016 estimate), $57.17 billion (2015 estimate)||Import partners: China 13%, Germany 7.7%, US 5.9%, Turkey 4.5%, Russia 4.4%, Italy 4.4%, Saudi Arabia 4.1% (2015)|
|Urbanization: urban population: 43.1% of total population (2015)||Major urban area(s): CAIRO (capital) 18.772 million; Alexandria 4.778 million (2015)||Median age: total: 23.8 years; male: 23.5 years, female: 24.1 years (2016 estimate)
|Internet users: total: 31.767 million. Percent of population: 35.9% (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (fixed lines): total subscriptions: 6,235,133. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 7 (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (mobile, cellular): total: 94.016 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 106 (July 2015 estimate)|
|Unemployment rate: 13.1% (2016 estimate)||Nationality: Egyptian(s) adjective: Egyptian||National holidays: Revolution Day, 23 July (1952)|
|Life expectancy at birth: total population: 72.7 years. Male: 71.4 years, female: 74.2 years (2016 estimate)||Total fertility rate: 3.53 children born / woman (2016 estimate)||Birthrate: 30.3 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate)|
|Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write. Total population: 73.8%; male: 82.2%, female: 65.4% (2015 estimate)||Legal system: mixed legal system based on Napoleonic civil and penal law, Islamic religious law, and vestiges of colonial-era laws; judicial review of the constitutionality of laws by the Supreme Constitutional Court||Suffrage: 18 years of age, universal and compulsory|
|Industries: textiles, food processing, tourism, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, hydrocarbons, construction, cement, metals, light manufactures||Industrial production growth rate: 0.6% (2016 estimate)||GDP real growth rate: 3.8% (2016 estimate) 4.2% (2015 estimate) 2.2% (2014 estimate)|
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