|Borderline map of Egypt||Location map of Egypt||Flag of Egypt|
Google maps and detailed facts of Egypt (EG). This page enables you to explore Egypt and its border countries (Country Location: Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Libya and the Gaza Strip, and the Red Sea north of Sudan, and includes the Asian Sinai Peninsula) through detailed Satellite imagery – fast and easy as never before Google maps.
There is also Street View and free Driving Directions at your service. Your Google Satellite Map Sightseeing in Egypt, in Africa, starts here at Driving Directions and Maps.com.
Egypt Google maps™
The map below shows Egypt with its cities, towns, highways, main roads, streets, and Street Views. To find a location, use the form below, type any city or place, view just a simple map, and click on the “show map” button.
The Google map above shows Egypt with its location: Africa (geographic coordinates: 27 00 N, 30 00 E) and the international borders of Egypt; total: 2,612 km. Border countries (total: 4): Gaza Strip 13 km, Israel 208 km, Libya 1,115 km, Sudan 1,276 km; furthermore, it’s inland counties boundaries.
Hint: Look at the Street view in Egypt or Africa. All you have to do is drag and pull the little yellow man (named: Pegman) on the Google map above the desired location. After that, whenever it is available (more than 50 countries globally), blue stripes will appear to show the photos and details from Google’s regularly updated data image base. In case if you have signed in to your Google account currently, you may have a look at the satellite map of this country/area as well.
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About Egypt in detail
Where is Egypt?
Egypt, in case, if you are looking on the map under the Coordinates 30 03 N 31 15 E otherwise in Africa, in Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Libya and the Gaza Strip, and the Red Sea north of Sudan, and includes the Asian Sinai Peninsula.
What is the capital city of Egypt?
The capital city of Egypt is Cairo.
What is the time in Cairo?
What is the Internet code for Egypt?
The Top Level Domain (TLD) for Egypt is: .eg
What is the size of Egypt?
The territory of Egypt is total: 1,001,450 sq km; land: 995,450 sq km, water: 6,000 sq km.
If we want to describe the size of Egypt’s territory is more than eight times the size of Ohio; slightly more than three times the size of New Mexico.
If we would like to walk around and discover Egypt, we can cover a total distance: 2,612 km.
What is the water coverage of Egypt?
We have already mentioned what percentage of Egypt is covered by water (see below), and this includes 2,450 km coastline.
What is the climate like in Egypt?
The climate of Egypt is desert: hot, dry summers with moderate winters.
Geographical data of Egypt
Egypt’s elevation; mean elevation: 321 m, elevation extremes; lowest point: Qattara Depression -133 m, highest point: Mount Catherine 2,629 m.
Suppose we would like to describe the countries location from a different perspective. In that case, it is safe to say, and easy to read from a map, Egypt is controlled the Sinai Peninsula, the only land bridge between Africa and the remainder of the Eastern Hemisphere; controls Suez Canal, a sea link between the Indian Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea; size, and juxtaposition to Israel, establish its significant role in Middle Eastern geopolitics; dependence on upstream neighbors; the dominance of Nile basin issues; prone to influxes of refugees from Sudan and the Palestinian territories.
The country’s main mined products are petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, manganese, limestone, gypsum, talc, asbestos, lead, rare earth elements. The population partly uses the earlier highlighted land territory and partly left in its natural state: agricultural land: 3.6%; arable land 2.8%; permanent crops 0.8%; permanent pasture 0%; forest: 0.1%; other: 96.3% (2011 estimate).
Population data of Egypt
The number of inhabitants of Egypt is 94,666,993 (July 2016 estimate).
If we examine the proportion of the population distribution, it is safe to say that approximately 95% of the population lives within 20 km of the Nile River and its delta; vast areas of the country remain sparsely populated or uninhabited.
If we look at the proportion of the urbanized and barely populated areas, these are the figures: urban population: 43.1% of the total population (2015).
Most of Egypt’s population is concentrated in CAIRO (capital) 18.772 million; Alexandria 4.778 million (2015).
Ethnicity in Egypt
According to ethnicity details, the ethnic groups are Egyptian 99.6%, other 0.4% (2006 census).
Spoken languages in Egypt
In Egypt, the spoken languages are Arabic (official language), English, and French, widely understood by educated classes.
What are the most important religions in Egypt?
During the general census, researchers examine the churches, according to this: Muslim (predominantly Sunni) 90%, Christian (majority Coptic Orthodox, other Christians include Armenian Apostolic, Catholic, Maronite, Orthodox, and Anglican) 10% (2012 estimate).
Further population data of Egypt
The proportion of gender and age tells a lot about the society as follows 0-14 years: 33.21% (male 16,268,862 / female 15,169,039) 15-24 years: 19.24% (male 9,371,819 / female 8,839,999) 25-54 years: 37.47% (male 18,020,332 / female 17,448,871) 55-64 years: 5.91% (male 2,771,399 / female 2,826,094) 65 years and over: 4.17% (male 1,937,119 / female 2,013,459) (2016 estimate). It also a significant factor in a society the population growth rate, which in the case of Egypt is 2.51% (2016 estimate).
The population growth rate is based on two elements, the birth, and the death rate. In Egypt the birth rate is 30.3 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate), the death rate 4.7 deaths / 1,000 population (2016 estimate).
In this day and age in developed societies, the first child borns later compared to the previous centuries and decades, so childbearing is extended. In Egypt, the average age of mothers at the first childbirth is N/A.
Although the children’s birth is postponed in the best-case scenario, the parents can still see their kids grow as life expectancy also extended. In the case of Egypt, these figures are. With the introduction of modern medicine, vaccinations, and the proper hygienic conditions, the infant mortality rate is in a steep decline. The infant mortality statistics in Egypt are the following: N/A. Relevant data is the budget of healthcare, which is in this country’s case is 5.6% of GDP (2014).
Economic data of Egypt
Suppose we would like to describe a country, we also have to mention its economy; Occupying the northeast corner of the African continent, Egypt is bisected by the highly fertile Nile valley, where most economic activity takes place. Egypt’s economy was highly centralized during the rule of former President Gamal Abdel NASSER. Cairo, from 2004 to 2008, pursued business climate reforms to attract foreign investment and facilitate growth. Poor living conditions and limited job opportunities for the average Egyptian contribute to public discontent. A major factor leading to the JanuWeak growth and little foreign exchange earnings has made public finances unsustainable, leaving authorities dependent on expensive borrowing for deficit finance and Gulf allies to help cover the import bill.
GDP is a prominent figure, as all the relevant calculations and statistics are based on it. GDP in Egypt is $342.8 billion (2015 estimate).
Another important indicator is the rate of GDP growth, which in Egypt is 3.8% (2016 estimate), 4.2% (2015 estimate) 2.2% (2014 estimate).
These statistics affect the world economy; remember, in 2015, the Chinese real GDP growth rate was worse than expected; The world markets fall, and the Chinese stock exchange was temporally suspended.
A further major factor of a country’s economy, the GDP per capita. In Egypt this is $12,100 (2016 estimate) $12,000 (2015 estimate) $11,800 (2014 estimate).
In the economy, the Trinity is in common places, such as agriculture, industry, and services.
What are the agricultural products Egypt produces?
Egypt’s main agricultural products are cotton, rice, corn, wheat, beans, fruits, vegetables; cattle, water buffalo, sheep, goats.
The essential segments are textiles, food processing, tourism, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, hydrocarbons, construction, cement, metals, and light manufactures. The crucial and regularly mentioned GDP is based on textiles, food processing, tourism, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, hydrocarbons, construction, cement, metals, light manufactures.
Drinking water source in Egypt
It is essential to mention that – thanks to the development of the infrastructure -, the rate of potable water improved: urban: 100% of the population, rural: 99% of the population, total: 99.4% of the population. Unimproved: urban: 0% of the population, rural: 1% of the population, total: 0.6% of the population (2015 estimate).
The average number of childbirth in Egypt
In Egypt, the average delivery number is 3.53 children born / woman (2016 estimate).
The population’s average age is 23.8 years; male: 23.5 years, female: 24.1 years (2016 estimate). The age of adulthood varies in every country of the world in Egypt; it is 18 years of age, universal and compulsory.
When we are experiencing an unprecedented scale of migration and globalization, it is an important factor in the number of new immigrants. In Egypt is -0.5 migrant(s) / 1,000 population (2016 estimate). It is important to know how to apply for citizenship: citizenship by birth: no. Citizenship by descent only: if the father was born in Egypt. Dual citizenship recognized: only with prior permission from the government residency requirement for naturalization: 10 years.
Is Egypt a safe destination? Healthcare services and infectious diseases in Egypt
Many of the travelers are looking into the healthcare services and infectious diseases of their destinations. In Egypt, the hospital beds’ density is 0.5 beds / 1,000 population (2012).
According to the WHO rating regarding contagious diseases in Egypt, the degree of risk: intermediate food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever water contact disease: schistosomiasis (2016).
However, HIV is not curable but maintainable. Let’s do not forget when the disease surfaced; it was a world threatening condition. Unfortunately, in some countries, it is still very high the number of infected patients and fatalities due to the disease.
In Egypt, the number of HIV/AIDS deaths: N/A.
Regarding tourism obesity, not an important issue, but we have to mention health statistics, as it is the plague of the 20th and the 21st century. The rate of obese adults in Egypt is 27.7% (2014).
What are the natural hazards in Egypt? Is there any?
The most known natural risk in Egypt are periodic droughts; frequent earthquakes; flash floods; landslides; hot, driving windstorms called khamsin in spring; dust storms; sandstorms.
More interesting facts about Egypt
A few words about the past, as every country and society, is connected to its history; The regularity and richness of the annual Nile River flood, coupled with semi-isolation provided by deserts to the east and west, allowed for the development of one of the world’s great civilizations. A unified kingdom arose circa 3200 B.C., and a series of dynasties ruled in Egypt for the next three millennia. The last native dynasty fell to the Persians in 341 B.C., replaced by the Greeks, Romans, and Byzantines. The Arabs introduced Islam and the Arabic language in the 7th century and ruled for the next six centuries. A local military caste, the Mamluks took control about 1250 and continued to govern after Egypt’s conquest by the Ottoman Turks in 1517. Completion of the Suez Canal in 1869 elevated Egypt as an important world transportation hub. Ostensibly to protect its investments, Britain seized Egypt’s government in 1882, but nominal allegiance to the Ottoman Empire continued until 1914. Partially independent from the UK in 1922, Egypt acquired full sovereignty from Britain in 1952. The completion of the Aswan High Dam in 1971 and the resultant Lake Nasser have altered the Nile River’s time-honored place in Egypt’s agriculture and ecology. A rapidly growing population (the largest in the Arab world), limited arable land, and dependence on the Nile all continue to overtax resources and stress society.
The government has struggled to meet Egypt’s population’s demands through economic reform and massive investment in communications and physical infrastructure. Inspired by the 2010 Tunisian revolution, Egyptian opposition groups led demonstrations and labor strikes countrywide, culminating in President Hosni MUBARAK’s ouster. Egypt’s military assumed national leadership until a new parliament was in place in early 2012; later that same year, Mohammed MORSI won the presidential election. Following often violent protests throughout the spring of 2013 against MORSI’s government and the Muslim Brotherhood, the Egyptian Armed Forces intervened and removed MORSI from power in July 2013 and replaced him with interim president Adly MANSOUR. In January 2014, voters approved a new constitution by referendum and in May 2014 elected Abdel Fattah EL SISI president. Egypt elected a new legislature in December 2015, the first parliament since 2012.
In every nation’s memory, some cornerstones placed the country on the timeline of history. The date of declaration of independence of Egypt: 28 February 1922 (from UK protectorate status; the revolution that began on 23 July 1952 led to a republic being declared on 18 June 1953 and all British troops withdrawn on 18 June 1956); note – it was ca. 3200 B.C. that the Two Lands of Upper (southern) and Lower (northern) Egypt were first united politically.
The flag and other symbols of Egypt
The colors, symbols, and animals on the flag usually have a historical background or an important milestone or memory of the nation.
This case is not an exception either; three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and black; the national emblem (a gold Eagle of Saladin facing the hoist side with a shield superimposed on its chest above a scroll bearing the name of the country in Arabic) centered in the white band; the band colors derive from the Arab Liberation flag and represent oppression (black), overcome through bloody struggle (red), to be replaced by a bright future (white). Note: similar to the flag of Syria, which has two green stars in the white band, Iraq, an Arabic inscription centered in the white band, and Yemen, a plain white band.
Apart from the flag, the symbol of national unity is the national anthem. The anthem’s primary purpose is to share the nation’s core values, endeavors, and patriotic feelings.
National symbols of Egypt: golden eagle, white lotus; national colors: red, white, black.
Constitution of Egypt
The existence of the nation is based on the constitution. Some constitutions knew worldwide, like the U.S. Constitution that was accepted on the 17th of September 1787, in Philadelphia, the United States of America’s Constitution.
It is not related to the declaration of independence that was stolen by Nicolas Cage in the movie National Treasure 🙂
What is the legal system of Egypt?
Most of the time, the legal system of a country is the focus of lawyers. It is a common fact that there are two main approaches in the world, “the law in books” and “the law in action.”
In the Anglo-Saxon world, the practice is the “law in action,” while in the rest of the world, the law is based on Roman law, the “law in books.”
Egypt’s legal system is a mixed legal system based on Napoleonic civil and penal law, Islamic religious law, and vestiges of colonial-era laws, judicial review of the Supreme Constitutional Court’s constitutionality.
It was Aristotle who founded the Theory of 3 separations of powers. In his view, these are the council of public affairs, the magistrates, and the justice system. The age of enlightenment was the time when terminologies have defined the way we still use them. In most democratic countries, the three authorities separated from each other. In dictatorships, the rules usually interweaved in one hand.
About the legislative branch of Egypt, we can highlight the following structures unicameral House of Representatives (Majlis Al-Nowaab); 596 seats; 448 members directly elected by individual candidacy system, 120 members – with quotas for women, youth, Christians and workers – elected in party-list constituencies by simple majority popular vote, and 28 members selected by the president; member term five years.
About the unemployment rate, labor force, and poverty line in Egypt
One of the major problems of the 21st-century economy is unemployment. Governments are struggling to maintain a low level of the unemployment rate. Still, as a result of automation, the cheap 3rd world labor, and the outsourcing of workflow, these attempts fail. In Egypt, the labor force is 31.96 million (2016 estimate). Please bear in mind that the population in Egypt is total: 19.7 deaths / 1,000 live births; male: 21 deaths / 1,000 live births, female: 18.3 deaths / 1,000 live births (2016 estimate) – as we already mentioned above.
The rate of unemployment in Egypt is 13.1% (2016 estimate).
Widely known that the gap between the rich and poor is widening on an enormous scale.
According to the 2017 shocking Oxfam report, the most affluent eight people’s fortune is equal to the wealth of the poorest half of the world’s population.
In Egypt, the households’ income and consumption compared to the entire population: lowest 10%: 4% highest 10%: 26.6% (2008).
Another widely used indicator is the so-called GINI index, which measures the inequalities of statistical dispersion, but is mainly used for measuring the sharing of income and fortune.
The GINI index was named after its founder Corrado Gini, an Italian economist. Gini index has grades between 0-1, but often it is used on a percentage basis. It is 0 if the examined criteria territorial distribution is equal. It is one of the criteria concentrated on the territory. In Egypt, the GINI index is .30,8 (2008).
The states usually set up a poverty line, which is more or less, is a subjective measure. It varies by country; its base is often the minimum pension, the incomes of the most deficient 20 percent, the X percent of income per capita Etc.
In Egypt, the poverty line people are the lowest 10%: 4% highest 10%: 26.6% (2008).
About the budget and central governments debt of Egypt
The available budget mainly defines the state’s economy. Egypt’s budget is; revenues: $60.09 billion, expenditures: $92.37 billion (2016 estimate). Taxes and other revenues are 17.5% of GDP (2016 estimate).
The budget deficit (Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)) is N/A.
The fiscal year in Egypt is 1 July – 30 June.
In the country’s economy, we have to consider the public debt. Public debt is the consolidated sum of the state’s local, federal, and central government debt.
Inflation rate and prime lending rate in Egypt
A few further interesting and relevant economic data are the following; Inflation rate: 12.1% (2016 estimate), 10.4% (2015 estimate), and the rate of the Commercial bank prime lending rate: 12.5% (31 December 2016 estimate).
Export/import partners and data of Egypt
Egypt, with the export of products, industrial tools, and other services, generates revenue. Egypt’s export value is $14.73 billion (2016 estimate), $19.03 billion (2015 estimate). The total revenue of these activities: crude oil and petroleum products, fruits and vegetables, cotton, textiles, metal products, chemicals, processed food.
The most important imported products are machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, chemicals, wood products, fuels, and the countries from where the import is coming: China 13%, Germany 7.7%, United States 5.9%, Turkey 4.5%, Russia 4.4%, Italy 4.4%, Saudi Arabia 4.1% (2015).
Renewable energies used in Egypt
To suppress the pollution of the environment, renewable energies have to replace the fossil energy. The more the proportion of renewable energies in a country means more effort against pollution. Egypt, the indicator of how much of the country’s produced energy is coming from the hydroelectric source, is 9.5% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
To indicate how much another renewable energy produced is 2.8% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
Telecommunication data of Egypt, calling code
To maintain the economy, the development of a reliable and modern telecommunications infrastructure is crucial. We can say the following about Egypt; Telecom Egypt remains largely state-owned; principal centers at Alexandria, Cairo, Al Mansurah, Ismailia, Suez, and Tanta are connected by coaxial cable microwave radio relay. Domestic: most extensive fixed-line system in Africa and the Arab region; multiple mobile-cellular networks with a near 100-percent penetration of the market. International: country code – 20; landing point for Aletar, the SEA-ME-WE-3 and SEA-ME-WE-4 submarine cable networks, Link Around the Globe (FLAG) Falcon and FLAG FEA; satellite earth stations – 4 (2 Intelsat – the Atlantic Ocean and the Indian Ocean, 1 Arabsat, and 1 Inmarsat) (2015).
Transport infrastructure in Egypt
In the 21st century, we often say that the world has become small and there are no distances anymore. With widespread air travel when (sometimes) there are no visa restrictions, it is easy to reach other countries, but if the distance is not too long, we can also use railway or water transportation.
The number of airports in Egypt: 83 (2013), and the number of heliports: 7 (2013).
The total length of the roadways in Egypt: 137,430 km, paved: 126,742 km (includes 838 km of expressways), unpaved: 10,688 km (2010).
The total length of the waterways in Egypt: 3,500 km (includes the Nile River, Lake Nasser, Alexandria-Cairo Waterway, and numerous smaller canals in Nile Delta; the Suez Canal (193.5 km including approaches) is navigable by oceangoing vessels drawing up to 17.68 m) (2011).
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Facts & data about Egypt
Name of the country: conventional long way: the Arab Republic of Egypt, traditional short form: Egypt, local long form: Jumhuriyat Misr al-Arabiyah, local short state: Misr, former: United Arab Republic (with Syria), etymology: the English name “Egypt” derives from the ancient Greek name for the country “Aigyptos”; the Arabic name “Misr” can be traced to the ancient Akkadian “misru” meaning border or frontier.
|Abbreviation: Egypt||Geographic coordinates:
27 00 N, 30 00 E
|Country Location: Africa|
|Capital of Egypt: Cairo||GPS of the Capital:
30 03 N 31 15 E
|Position: Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Libya and the Gaza Strip, and the Red Sea north of Sudan, and includes the Asian Sinai Peninsula|
|Land area: total: 1,001,450 sq km; land: 995,450 sq km, water: 6,000 sq km||Terrain: vast desert plateau interrupted by Nile valley and delta
||Area comparative: more than eight times the size of Ohio; slightly more than three times the size of New Mexico|
|Population: 94,666,993 (July 2016 estimate)||Population grow rate: 2.51% (2016 estimate)||Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s) / female, 0-14 years: 1.07 male(s) / female, 15-24 years: 1.06 male(s) / female, 25-54 years: 1.03 male(s) / female, 55-64 years: 0.98 male(s) / female, 65 years and over: 0.82 male(s) / female, total population: 1.05 male(s) / female (2016 estimate)|
|Exports: $14.73 billion (2016 estimate), $19.03 billion (2015 estimate)||Imports: $50.07 billion (2016 estimate), $57.17 billion (2015 estimate)||Import partners: China 13%, Germany 7.7%, US 5.9%, Turkey 4.5%, Russia 4.4%, Italy 4.4%, Saudi Arabia 4.1% (2015)|
|Urbanization: urban population: 43.1% of the total population (2015)||Major urban area(s): CAIRO (capital) 18.772 million; Alexandria 4.778 million (2015)||Median age: total: 23.8 years; male: 23.5 years, female: 24.1 years (2016 estimate)
|Internet users: total: 31.767 million. Percent of the population: 35.9% (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (fixed-lines): total subscriptions: 6,235,133. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 7 (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (mobile, cellular): total: 94.016 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 106 (July 2015 estimate)|
|Unemployment rate: 13.1% (2016 estimate)||Nationality: Egyptian(s) adjective: Egyptian||National holidays: Revolution Day, 23 July (1952)|
|Life expectancy at birth: total population: 72.7 years. Male: 71.4 years, female: 74.2 years (2016 estimate)||Total fertility rate: 3.53 children born / woman (2016 estimate)||Birthrate: 30.3 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate)|
|Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write. Total population: 73.8%; male: 82.2%, female: 65.4% (2015 estimate)||Legal system: mixed legal system based on Napoleonic civil and penal law, Islamic religious law, and vestiges of colonial-era laws; judicial review of the constitutionality of laws by the Supreme Constitutional Court||Suffrage: 18 years of age, universal and compulsory|
|Industries: textiles, food processing, tourism, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, hydrocarbons, construction, cement, metals, light manufactures||Industrial production growth rate: 0.6% (2016 estimate)||GDP real growth rate: 3.8% (2016 estimate) 4.2% (2015 estimate) 2.2% (2014 estimate)|
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