|Borderline map of Ethiopia||Location map of Ethiopia||Flag of Ethiopia|
Google maps and detailed facts of Ethiopia (ET). This page enables you to explore Ethiopia and its border countries (Country Location: Eastern Africa, west of Somalia) through detailed Satellite imagery – fast and easy as never before Google maps.
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Ethiopia Google maps™
The map below shows Ethiopia with its cities, towns, highways, main roads, streets, and Street Views. To find a location, use the form below, type any city or place, view just a simple map, and click on the “show map” button.
The Google map above shows Ethiopia with its location: Africa (geographic coordinates: 8 00 N, 38 00 E) and the international borders of Ethiopia; total: 5,925 km. Border countries (total: 6): Djibouti 342 km, Eritrea 1,033 km, Kenya 867 km, Somalia 1,640 km, South Sudan 1,299 km, Sudan 744 km; furthermore, it’s inland counties boundaries.
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About Ethiopia in detail
Where is Ethiopia?
Ethiopia is looking on the map under the Coordinates 9 02 N 38 42 E otherwise in Africa, in Eastern Africa, west of Somalia.
What is the capital city of Ethiopia?
The capital city of Ethiopia is Addis Ababa.
What is the time in Addis Ababa?
What is the Internet code for Ethiopia?
The Top Level Domain (TLD) for Ethiopia is: .et
What is the size of Ethiopia?
The territory of Ethiopia is total: 1,104,300 sq km; land: 1 million sq km, water: 104,300 sq km.
If we want to describe the size of Ethiopia’s territory is slightly less than twice the size of Texas.
If we would like to walk around and discover Ethiopia, we can cover a total distance: 5,925 km.
What is the water coverage of Ethiopia?
What is the climate like in Ethiopia?
The climate of Ethiopia is tropical monsoon with a wide topographic-induced variation.
Geographical data of Ethiopia
Ethiopia’s elevation; mean elevation: 1,330 m, elevation extremes; lowest point: Danakil Depression -125 m, highest point: Ras Dejen 4,533 m.
Suppose we would like to describe the countries location from a different perspective. In that case, it is safe to say, and easy to read from a map, Ethiopia is landlocked – entire coastline along the Red Sea was lost with the de jure independence of Eritrea on 24 May 1993; Ethiopia is, therefore, the most populous landlocked country in the world; the Blue Nile, the chief headstream of the Nile by water volume, rises in T’ana Hayk (Lake Tana) in northwest Ethiopia; three significant crops are believed to have originated in Ethiopia: coffee, grain sorghum, and castor bean.
The country’s main mined products are small gold reserves, platinum, copper, potash, natural gas, and hydropower. The population partly uses the earlier highlighted land territory and partly left in its natural state: agricultural land: 36.3%; arable land 15.2%; permanent crops 1.1%; permanent pasture 20%; forest: 12.2%; other: 51.5% (2011 estimate).
Population data of Ethiopia
The number of inhabitants of Ethiopia is 102,374,044 (July 2016 estimate).
If we examine the proportion of the population distribution, it is safe to say that N/A.
If we look at the proportion of the urbanized and barely populated areas, these are the figures: urban population: 19.5% of the total population (2015).
Most of Ethiopia’s population is concentrated in ADDIS ABABA (capital), 3.238 million (2015).
Ethnicity in Ethiopia
According to ethnicity details, the ethnic groups are Oromo 34.4%, Amhara (Amara) 27%, Somali (Somalie) 6.2%, Tigray (Tigrinya) 6.1%, Sidama 4%, Gurage 2.5%, Welaita 2.3%, Hadiya 1.7%, Afar (Affar) 1.7%, Gamo 1.5%, Gedeo 1.3%, Silte 1.3%, Kefficho 1.2%, other 8.8% (2007 estimate).
Spoken languages in Ethiopia
The spoken languages in Ethiopia are the following: Oromo (official language working language in the State of Oromiya) 33.8%, Amharic (official language national language) 29.3%, Somali (official language working language of the State of Sumale) 6.2%, Tigrigna (Tigrinya) (official language working language of the State of Tigray) 5.9%, Sidamo 4%, Wolaytta 2.2%, Gurage 2%, Afar (official language working language of the State of Afar) 1.7%, Hadiyya 1.7%, Gamo 1.5%, Gedeo 1.3%, Opuuo 1.2%, Kafa 1.1%, other 8.1%, English (primary foreign language taught in schools), Arabic (2007 estimate).
What are the most important religions in Ethiopia?
During the general census, researchers examine the churches, according to this: Ethiopian Orthodox 43.5%, Muslim 33.9%, Protestant 18.5%, traditional 2.7%, Catholic 0.7%, other 0.6% (2007 estimate).
Further population data of Ethiopia
The proportion of gender and age tells a lot about the society as follows 0-14 years: 43.71% (male 22,430,798 / female 22,316,910) 15-24 years: 20.04% (male 10,182,973 / female 10,332,626) 25-54 years: 29.45% (male 14,970,645 / female 15,178,999) 55-64 years: 3.89% (male 1,939,635 / female 2,047,041) 65 years and over: 2.91% (male 1,338,985 / female 1,635,432) (2016 estimate). It also a significant factor in a society the population growth rate, which in the case of Ethiopia is 2.88% (2016 estimate).
The population growth rate is based on two elements, the birth, and the death rate. In Ethiopia the birth rate is 36.9 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate), the death rate 7.9 deaths / 1,000 population (2016 estimate).
In this day and age in developed societies, the first child borns later compared to the previous centuries and decades, so childbearing is extended. In Ethiopia, the average age of mothers at the first childbirth is N/A.
Although the children’s birth is postponed in the best-case scenario, the parents can still see their kids grow as life expectancy also extended. In the case of Ethiopia, these figures are. With the introduction of modern medicine, vaccinations, and the proper hygienic conditions, the infant mortality rate is in a steep decline. The infant mortality statistics in Ethiopia are the following: N/A. Relevant data is the budget of healthcare, which is in the case of this country is 4.9% of GDP (2014).
Economic data of Ethiopia
Suppose we would like to describe a country. We also have to mention its economy; For more than a decade before 2016, Ethiopia grew at a rate between 8% and 11% annually; the country was the fifth-fastest growing economy in the 188 IMF member countries. This growth was driven by sustained progress in the agricultural and service sectors. Almost 80% of Ethiopia’s population is still employed in the farming sector. Yet, services have surpassed agriculture as the principal source of GDP. Under Ethiopia’s constitution, the state owns all land and provides long-term leases to tenants. The services sector leads Ethiopia’s export earnings – primarily Ethiopian airlines – followed by several commodities. While coffee remains the largest foreign exchange earner, Ethiopia diversifies exports and commodities such as gold, sesame. Ethiopia remains a one-party state with a planned economy. In 2015, the government finalized and published the current 2016-2020 five year plan, known as the Growth and Transformation Plan (GTP II).
GDP is a prominent figure, as all the relevant calculations and statistics are based on it. GDP in Ethiopia is $69.22 billion (2015 estimate).
Another important indicator is the rate of GDP growth, which in Ethiopia is 6.5% (2016 estimate), 10.2% (2015 estimate) 10.3% (2014 estimate).
These statistics affect the world economy; remember, in 2015, the Chinese real GDP growth rate was worse than expected; The world markets fall, and the Chinese stock exchange was temporally suspended.
A further major factor of a country’s economy, the GDP per capita. In Ethiopia this is $1,900 (2016 estimate) $1,800 (2015 estimate) $1,700 (2014 estimate).
In the economy, the Trinity is in common places, such as agriculture, industry, and services.
What are the agricultural products Ethiopia produces?
Ethiopia’s main agricultural products are cereals, coffee, oilseed, cotton, sugarcane, vegetables, khat, cut flowers; hides, cattle, sheep, goats; fish.
The essential segments are food processing, beverages, textiles, leather, garments, chemicals, metals processing, and cement. The crucial and regularly mentioned GDP is based on food processing, beverages, textiles, leather, garments, chemicals, metals processing, cement.
Drinking water source in Ethiopia
It is essential to mention that – thanks to the development of the infrastructure -, the rate of potable water improved: urban: 93.1% of the population, rural: 48.6% of the people, total: 57.3% of the community. Unimproved: urban: 6.9% of the people, rural: 51.4% of the population, total: 42.7% of the population (2015 estimate).
The average number of childbirth in Ethiopia
In Ethiopia, the average delivery number is 5.07 children born / woman (2016 estimate).
The population’s average age is 17.8 years; male: 17.6 years, female: 18 years (2016 estimate). The age of adulthood varies in every country of the world in Ethiopia; it is 18 years of age, universal.
When we are experiencing an unprecedented scale of migration and globalization, it is an important factor in the number of new immigrants. In Ethiopia is -0.2 migrant(s) / 1,000 population (2016 estimate). It is important to know how to apply for citizenship: citizenship by birth: no. Citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Ethiopia. Dual citizenship recognized: no—residency requirement for naturalization: 4 years.
Is Ethiopia a safe destination? Healthcare services and infectious diseases in Ethiopia
Many of the travelers are looking into the healthcare services and infectious diseases of their destinations. In Ethiopia, the hospital beds’ density is 6.3 beds / 1,000 population (2011).
According to the WHO rating regarding contagious diseases in Ethiopia, the degree of risk: very high food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis animal contact disease: rabies water contact disease: schistosomiasis (2016).
However, HIV is not curable but maintainable. Let’s do not forget when the disease surfaced; it was a world threatening condition. Unfortunately, in some countries, it is still very high the number of infected patients and fatalities due to the disease.
In Ethiopia, the number of HIV/AIDS deaths: N/A.
Regarding tourism obesity, not an important issue, but we have to mention health statistics, as it is the plague of the 20th and the 21st century. The rate of obese adults in Ethiopia is 3.3% (2014).
What are the natural hazards in Ethiopia? Is there any?
The most known natural risk in Ethiopia are geologically active Great Rift Valley susceptible to earthquakes, volcanic eruptions; frequent droughts volcanism: volcanic activity in the Great Rift Valley; Erta Ale (elevation 613 m), which has caused frequent lava flows in recent years, is the country’s most active volcano; Dabbahu became operational in 2005, forcing evacuations; other historically active volcanoes include Alayta, Dalaffilla, Dallol, Dama Ali, Fentale, Kone, Manda Hararo, and Manda-Inakir.
More interesting facts about Ethiopia
A few words about the past, as every country and society, is connected to its history; Unique among African countries, the ancient Ethiopian monarchy maintained its freedom from colonial rule except a short-lived Italian occupation from 1936-41. In 1974, a military junta, the Derg, deposed Emperor Haile SELASSIE (who had ruled since 1930) and established a socialist state. Torn by bloody coups, uprisings, wide-scale drought, and massive refugee problems, the regime was finally toppled in 1991 by a coalition of rebel forces, the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front.
A constitution was adopted in 1994, and Ethiopia’s first multiparty elections were held in 1995. A border war with Eritrea in the late 1990s ended with a peace treaty in December 2000. In November 2007, the Eritrea-Ethiopia Border Commission (EEBC) issued specific coordinates as virtually demarcating the border and pronounced its work finished. Alleging that the EEBC acted beyond its mandate in giving the coordinates, Ethiopia has not accepted them. It has not withdrawn troops from previously contested areas pronounced by the EEBC as belonging to Eritrea. In August 2012, longtime leader Prime Minister MELES Zenawi died in office and was replaced by his Deputy Prime Minister, HAILEMARIAM Desalegn, marking the first peaceful transition of power in decades.
In every nation’s memory, some cornerstones placed the country on the timeline of history. The date of declaration of Ethiopia’s independence: oldest independent country in Africa and one of the oldest in the world – at least 2,000 years (maybe traced to the Aksumite Kingdom, which coalesced in the first century B.C.).
The flag and other symbols of Ethiopia
The colors, symbols, and animals on the flag usually have a historical background or an important milestone or memory of the nation.
This case is not an exception either; three equal horizontal bands of green (top), yellow, and red, with a yellow pentagram and single yellow rays emanating from the angles between the points on a light blue disk centered on the three bands; green represents hope and the fertility of the land, yellow symbolizes justice and harmony, while red stands for sacrifice and heroism in defense of the land; the blue of the disk symbolizes peace and the pentagram represents the unity and equality of the nationalities and peoples of Ethiopia. Note: Ethiopia is the oldest independent country in Africa, and the three primary colors of her flag (adopted ca. 1895) were so often appropriated by other African countries upon independence that they became known as the Pan-African colors; the emblem in the center of the current flag was added in 1996.
Apart from the flag, the symbol of national unity is the national anthem. The anthem’s primary purpose is to share the nation’s core values, endeavors, and patriotic feelings.
Ethiopia’s national symbols: Abyssinian lion (traditional), yellow pentagram with five rays of light on a blue field (promoted by current government); national colors: green, yellow, red.
Constitution of Ethiopia
The existence of the nation is based on the constitution. Some constitutions knew worldwide, like the U.S. Constitution that was accepted on the 17th of September 1787, in Philadelphia, the United States of America’s Constitution.
It is not related to the declaration of independence that was stolen by Nicolas Cage in the movie National Treasure 🙂
What is the legal system of Ethiopia?
Most of the time, the legal system of a country is the focus of lawyers. It is a common fact that there are two main approaches in the world, “the law in books” and “the law in action.”
In the Anglo-Saxon world, the practice is the “law in action,” while in the rest of the world, the law is based on Roman law, the “law in books.”
The legal system of Ethiopia is a civil law system.
It was Aristotle who founded the Theory of 3 separations of powers. In his view, these are the council of public affairs, the magistrates, and the justice system. The age of enlightenment was the time when terminologies have defined the way we still use them. In most democratic countries, the three authorities separated from each other. In dictatorships, the rules usually interweaved in one hand.
About the legislative branch of Ethiopia, we can highlight the following structures bicameral Parliament consists of the House of Federation or Yefedereshein Mikir Bete (108 seats; members indirectly elected by state assemblies to serve 5-year terms) and the House of People’s Representatives or Yehizb Tewokayoch Mekir Bete (547 seats; members directly elected in single-seat constituencies by simple majority vote to serve 5-year terms); note – the House of Federation is responsible for interpreting the constitution, and federal-regional issues and the House of People’s Representatives are accountable for passing legislation.
About the unemployment rate, labor force, and poverty line in Ethiopia
One of the major problems of the 21st-century economy is unemployment. Governments are struggling to maintain a low level of the unemployment rate. Still, as a result of automation, the cheap 3rd world labor, and the outsourcing of workflow, these attempts fail. In Ethiopia, the labor force is 50.97 million (2016 estimate). Please bear in mind that the population in Ethiopia is total: 51.1 deaths / 1,000 live births; male: 58.5 deaths / 1,000 live births, female: 43.4 deaths / 1,000 live births (2016 estimate) – as we already mentioned above.
The rate of unemployment in Ethiopia is 17.5% (2012 estimate).
Widely known that the gap between the rich and poor is widening on an enormous scale.
According to the 2017 shocking Oxfam report, the most affluent eight people’s fortune is equal to the wealth of the poorest half of the world’s population.
In Ethiopia, the households’ income and consumption compared to the entire population: lowest 10%: 4.1% highest 10%: 25.6% (2005).
Another widely used indicator is the so-called GINI index, which measures the inequalities of statistical dispersion, but is mainly used for measuring the sharing of income and fortune.
The GINI index was named after its founder Corrado Gini, an Italian economist. Gini index has grades between 0-1, but often it is used on a percentage basis. It is 0 if the examined criteria territorial distribution is equal. It is one of the criteria concentrated on the territory. In Ethiopia, the GINI index is .33 (2011).
The states usually set up a poverty line, which is more or less, is a subjective measure. It varies by country; its base is often the minimum pension, the incomes of the most deficient 20 percent, the X percent of income per capita Etc.
In Ethiopia, the poverty line people are the lowest 10%: 4.1% highest 10%: 25.6% (2005).
About the budget and central governments debt of Ethiopia
The available budget mainly defines the state’s economy. Ethiopia’s budget is; revenues: $10.07 billion, expenditures: $11.85 billion (2016 estimate). Taxes and other revenues are 14.6% of GDP (2016 estimate).
The budget deficit (Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)) is N/A.
The fiscal year in Ethiopia is 8 July – 7 July.
In the country’s economy, we have to consider the public debt. Public debt is the consolidated sum of the state’s local, federal, and central government debt.
Inflation rate and prime lending rate in Ethiopia
A few further interesting and relevant economic data are the following; Inflation rate: 9.1% (2016 estimate), 10.1% (2015 estimate), and the rate of the Commercial bank prime lending rate: 12.2% (31 December 2016 estimate).
Export/import partners and data of Ethiopia
Ethiopia, with the export of products, industrial tools, and other services, generates revenue. The export value in Ethiopia is: $2.932 billion (2016 estimate), $2.935 billion (2015 estimate). The total revenue of these activities: coffee (27%, by value), oilseeds (17%), edible vegetables including khat (17%), gold (13%), flowers (7%), live animals (7%), raw leather products (3%), meat products (3%).
The most important imported products are machinery and aircraft (14%, by value), metal and metal products (14%), electrical materials (13%), petroleum products (12%), motor vehicles (10%), chemicals and fertilizers (4%), and the countries from where the import is coming: China 20.4%, the United States 9.2%, Saudi Arabia 6.5%, India 4.5% (2015).
Renewable energies used in Ethiopia
To suppress the pollution of the environment, renewable energies have to replace the fossil energy. The more the proportion of renewable energies in a country means more effort against pollution. Ethiopia, the indicator of how much of the country’s produced energy is coming from the hydroelectric source, is 88.2% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
To indicate how much another renewable energy produced is 3.6% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
Telecommunication data of Ethiopia, calling code
To maintain the economy, the development of a reliable and modern telecommunications infrastructure is crucial. We can say the following about Ethiopia; inadequate telephone system with the Ethio Telecom maintaining a monopoly over telecommunication services; open-wire, microwave radio relay; radio communication in the HF, VHF, and UHF frequencies; 2 domestic satellites provide the national trunk service. Domestic: the number of mobile telephones is increasing steadily from a small base and now stands at over 40 per 100 persons. International: country code – 251; open-wire to Sudan and Djibouti; microwave radio relay to Kenya and Djibouti; satellite earth stations – 3 Intelsat (1 the Atlantic Ocean and 2 the Pacific Ocean) (2015).
Transport infrastructure in Ethiopia
In the 21st century, we often say that the world has become small and there are no distances anymore. With widespread air travel when (sometimes) there are no visa restrictions, it is easy to reach other countries, but if the distance is not too long, we can also use railway or water transportation.
The number of airports in Ethiopia: 57 (2013), and the number of heliports: N/A.
The total length of the roadways in Ethiopia: total: 110,414 km, paved: 14,354 km, unpaved: 96,060 km (2015).
The total length of the waterways in Ethiopia: N/A.
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Facts & data about Ethiopia
Name of the country: conventional long way: the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, traditional short form: Ethiopia, local long form: Ityop’iya Federalawi Demokrasiyawi Ripeblik, local short state: Ityop’iya, former: Abyssinia, Italian East Africa abbreviation: FDRE, etymology: the country name derives from the Greek word “Aethiopia,” which in classical times referred to lands south of Egypt in the Upper Nile region.
|Abbreviation: Ethiopia||Geographic coordinates:
8 00 N, 38 00 E
|Country Location: Africa|
|Capital of Ethiopia: Addis Ababa||GPS of the Capital:
9 02 N 38 42 E
|Position: Eastern Africa, west of Somalia|
|Land area: total: 1,104,300 sq km; land: 1 million sq km, water: 104,300 sq km||Terrain: high plateau with central mountain range divided by Great Rift Valley
||Area comparative: slightly less than twice the size of Texas|
|Population: 102,374,044 (July 2016 estimate)||Population grow rate: 2.88% (2016 estimate)||Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s) / female, 0-14 years: 1.01 male(s) / female, 15-24 years: 0.99 male(s) / female, 25-54 years: 0.99 male(s) / female, 55-64 years: 0.95 male(s) / female, 65 years and over: 0.82 male(s) / female, total population: 0.99 male(s) / female (2016 estimate)|
|Exports: $2.932 billion (2016 estimate), $2.935 billion (2015 estimate)||Imports: $14.7 billion (2016 estimate), $15.87 billion (2015 estimate)||Import partners: China 20.4%, US 9.2%, Saudi Arabia 6.5%, India 4.5% (2015)|
|Urbanization: urban population: 19.5% of the total population (2015)||Major urban area(s): ADDIS ABABA (capital) 3.238 million (2015)||Median age: total: 17.8 years; male: 17.6 years, female: 18 years (2016 estimate)
|Internet users: total: 11.538 million. Percent of the population: 11.6% (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (fixed-lines): total subscriptions: 890,642. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 1 (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (mobile, cellular): total: 42.312 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 43 (July 2015 estimate)|
|Unemployment rate: 17.5% (2012 estimate)||Nationality: Ethiopian(s) adjective: Ethiopian||National holidays: National Day (defeat of MENGISTU regime), 28 May (1991)|
|Life expectancy at birth: total population: 62.2 years. Male: 59.8 years, female: 64.7 years (2016 estimate)||Total fertility rate: 5.07 children born / woman (2016 estimate)||Birthrate: 36.9 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate)|
|Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write. Total population: 49.1%; male: 57.2%, female: 41.1% (2015 estimate)||Legal system: civil law system||Suffrage: 18 years of age, universal|
|Industries: food processing, beverages, textiles, leather, garments, chemicals, metals processing, cement||Industrial production growth rate: 9% (2016 estimate)||GDP real growth rate: 6.5% (2016 estimate) 10.2% (2015 estimate) 10.3% (2014 estimate)|
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