|Borderline map of Ethiopia||Location map of Ethiopia||Flag of Ethiopia|
Google maps and detailed facts of Ethiopia, (ET). This page enables you to explore Ethiopia and its border countries (Location: Eastern Africa, west of Somalia) through detailed Satellite imagery - fast and easy as never before Google maps.
Find comprehensive information below about this country in its diversity: geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government, and history - All in One Wiki page!
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Ethiopia Google Map
The map below shows Ethiopia with its cities, towns, highways, main roads, streets and also providing Street Views. To find a location use the form below, type any city or place and to view, just a simple map click on the "Show Map" button.
The Google map above is showing Ethiopia with its location: Africa, (geographic coordinates: 8 00 N, 38 00 E) and the international borders of Ethiopia; total: 5,925 km. Border countries (total: 6): Djibouti 342 km, Eritrea 1,033 km, Kenya 867 km, Somalia 1,640 km, South Sudan 1,299 km, Sudan 744 km furthermore its inland counties boundaries.
Hint: Have a look at the Street view in Ethiopia, or Africa. All you have to do is to drag and pull the little yellow man (named: Pegman) on the Google map above the desired location. After that whenever it is available (more than 50 countries in the world), blue stripes will appear to show the photos and details from Google’s regularly updated data image base.
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About Ethiopia in detail
Where is Ethiopia?
Ethiopia, in case if you are looking on the map under the Coordinates 9 02 N 38 42 E otherwise in Africa, in Eastern Africa, west of Somalia.
What is the capital of Ethiopia?
The capital city of Ethiopia is: Addis Ababa.
What is the time in Addis Ababa?
It is 8 hours ahead of Washington DC during Standard Time, the timezone of Addis Ababa is: UTC+3.
What is the Internet code for Ethiopia?
The Top Level Domain (TLD) for Ethiopia is: .et
What is the size of Ethiopia?
The territory of Ethiopia is total: 1,104,300 sq km; land: 1 million sq km, water: 104,300 sq km.
If we want to describe the size of the territory of Ethiopia is slightly less than twice the size of Texas.
If we would like to walk around and discover Ethiopia, we can do that by covering the distance of total: 5,925 km.
What is the water coverage of Ethiopia?
We have mentioned already on this website, that what percentage of Ethiopia is covered by water (see below), and this includes 0 km (landlocked country) coastline.
What is the climate like in Ethiopia?
The climate of Ethiopia is tropical monsoon with wide topographic-induced variation.
Geographical data of Ethiopia
The elevation of Ethiopia; mean elevation: 1,330 m, elevation extremes; lowest point: Danakil Depression -125 m, highest point: Ras Dejen 4,533 m.
The typical geographical details of Ethiopia include high plateau with central mountain range divided by Great Rift Valley.
If we would like to describe the countries location from a different point of view, it is safe to say, and easy to read from a map, Ethiopia is landlocked - entire coastline along the Red Sea was lost with the de jure independence of Eritrea on 24 May 1993; Ethiopia is, therefore, the most populous landlocked country in the world; the Blue Nile, the chief headstream of the Nile by water volume, rises in T'ana Hayk (Lake Tana) in northwest Ethiopia; three major crops are believed to have originated in Ethiopia: coffee, grain sorghum, and castor bean.
Resources and land use of Ethiopia
The country’s main mined products are small reserves of gold, platinum, copper, potash, natural gas, hydropower. The population partly uses the earlier highlighted land territory and partly left in its natural state: agricultural land: 36.3%; arable land 15.2%; permanent crops 1.1%; permanent pasture 20%; forest: 12.2%; other: 51.5% (2011 estimate).
Population data of Ethiopia
The number of inhabitants of Ethiopia is 102,374,044 (July 2016 estimate).
If we examine the proportion of population distribution, it is safe to say that N/A.
If we are looking at the proportion of the urbanized and barely populated areas, these are the figures: urban population: 19.5% of total population (2015).
Most of the population in Ethiopia is concentrated in ADDIS ABABA (capital) 3.238 million (2015).
Ethnicity in Ethiopia
According to ethnicity details, the ethnic groups in this country are the following: Oromo 34.4%, Amhara (Amara) 27%, Somali (Somalie) 6.2%, Tigray (Tigrinya) 6.1%, Sidama 4%, Gurage 2.5%, Welaita 2.3%, Hadiya 1.7%, Afar (Affar) 1.7%, Gamo 1.5%, Gedeo 1.3%, Silte 1.3%, Kefficho 1.2%, other 8.8% (2007 estimate).
Spoken languages in Ethiopia
The spoken languages in Ethiopia are the following: Oromo (official language working language in the State of Oromiya) 33.8%, Amharic (official language national language) 29.3%, Somali (official language working language of the State of Sumale) 6.2%, Tigrigna (Tigrinya) (official language working language of the State of Tigray) 5.9%, Sidamo 4%, Wolaytta 2.2%, Gurage 2%, Afar (official language working language of the State of Afar) 1.7%, Hadiyya 1.7%, Gamo 1.5%, Gedeo 1.3%, Opuuo 1.2%, Kafa 1.1%, other 8.1%, English (major foreign language taught in schools), Arabic (2007 estimate).
What are the most important religions in Ethiopia?
During the general census, researchers examine the churches, according to this: Ethiopian Orthodox 43.5%, Muslim 33.9%, Protestant 18.5%, traditional 2.7%, Catholic 0.7%, other 0.6% (2007 estimate).
Further population data of Ethiopia
The proportion of gender and age tells a lot about the society as follows 0-14 years: 43.71% (male 22,430,798 / female 22,316,910) 15-24 years: 20.04% (male 10,182,973 / female 10,332,626) 25-54 years: 29.45% (male 14,970,645 / female 15,178,999) 55-64 years: 3.89% (male 1,939,635 / female 2,047,041) 65 years and over: 2.91% (male 1,338,985 / female 1,635,432) (2016 estimate). It also a significant factor in a society the population growth rate, which in the case of Ethiopia is 2.88% (2016 estimate).
The population growth rate is based on two elements, the birth, and the death rate. In Ethiopia the birth rate is 36.9 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate), the death rate 7.9 deaths / 1,000 population (2016 estimate).
In this day and age in the developed societies, the first child borns later compared to the previous centuries and decades, so the childbearing is extended. In Ethiopia the average age of mothers at the first childbirth is .
In the best case scenario despite the fact that the birth of the children is postponed, the parents are still able to see their kids grow as the life expectancy is also extended. In the case of Ethiopia, these figures are . With the introduction of modern medicine, the vaccinations and the proper hygienic conditions, the infant mortality rate is in a steep decline. The infant mortality statistics in Ethiopia are the following: . Relevant data is the budget of healthcare, which is in the case of this country is 4.9% of GDP (2014).
Economic data of Ethiopia
If we would like to describe a country, we also have to mention its economy; For more than a decade before 2016 Ethiopia grew at a rate between 8% and 11% annually; the country was the fifth-fastest growing economy among the 188 IMF member countries. This growth was driven by sustained progress in the agricultural and service sectAlmost 80% of Ethiopia’s population is still employed in the agricultural sector, but services have surpassed agriculture as the principal source of GDP. Under Ethiopia's constitution, the state owns all land and provides long-term leases to tenants. SincEthiopia’s export earnings are led by the services sector - primarily Ethiopian airlines - followed by several commodities. While coffee remains the largest foreign exchange earner, Ethiopia is diversifying exports and commodities such as gold, sesame, khEthiopia remains a one-party state with a planned economy. In the fall of 2015, the government finalized and published the current 2016-2020 five year plan, known as the Growth and Transformation Plan (GTP II). GTP II emphasizes developing manufactures in.
GDP is an important figure as all the relevant calculations and statistics are based on it. GDP in Ethiopia is $69.22 billion (2015 estimate).
An another important indicator is the rate of the GDP growth, which in Ethiopia is 6.5% (2016 estimate) 10.2% (2015 estimate) 10.3% (2014 estimate).
These statistics are affecting the world economy, remember in 2015 when the Chinese real GDP growth rate was worse than expected; The world markets fall, and the Chinese stock exchange was temporally suspended.
A further major factor of a country’s economy, the GDP per capita. In Ethiopia this is $1,900 (2016 estimate) $1,800 (2015 estimate) $1,700 (2014 estimate).
In the case of the economy, the Trinity is in common places, such as agriculture, industry, and services.
What are the agricultural products Ethiopia produces?
The main agricultural products of Ethiopia are cereals, coffee, oilseed, cotton, sugarcane, vegetables, khat, cut flowers; hides, cattle, sheep, goats; fish.
Regarding the economy, the important segments are food processing, beverages, textiles, leather, garments, chemicals, metals processing, cement. The crucial and regularly mentioned GDP is based on food processing, beverages, textiles, leather, garments, chemicals, metals processing, cement.
Drinking water source in Ethiopia
It is important to mention, that - thanks to the development of the infrastructure -, the rate of potable water improved: urban: 93.1% of population, rural: 48.6% of population, total: 57.3% of population. Unimproved: urban: 6.9% of population, rural: 51.4% of population, total: 42.7% of population (2015 estimate).
Average number of childbirth in Ethiopia
In Ethiopia the average number of childbirth is 5.07 children born / woman (2016 estimate).
Population, median age, migration, and citizenship in Ethiopia
The average age of the population is total: 17.8 years; male: 17.6 years, female: 18 years (2016 estimate). The age of adulthood varies in every country of the world in Ethiopia it is 18 years of age, universal.
In this age when we are experiencing an unprecedented scale of migration and globalization, it is an important factor the number of new coming immigrants. In Ethiopia is -0.2 migrant(s) / 1,000 population (2016 estimate). It is important to know, how to apply for citizenship: citizenship by birth: no. Citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Ethiopia. Dual citizenship recognized: no. Residency requirement for naturalization: 4 years.
Is Ethiopia a safe destination? Healthcare services and contagious diseases in Ethiopia
Many of the travelers are looking into the healthcare services and contagious diseases of their destinations. In Ethiopia density of the hospital beds is 6.3 beds / 1,000 population (2011).
According to WHO rating regarding contagious diseases in Ethiopia the degree of risk: very highfood or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fevervectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue feverrespiratory disease: meningococcal meningitisanimal contact disease: rabieswater contact disease: schistosomiasis (2016).
However, the HIV is not curable but maintainable. Let’s do not forget when the disease surfaced it was a world threatening condition. Unfortunately, in some countries, it is still very high the number of infected patients and fatalities as a result of the disease.
In Ethiopia the number of HIV/AIDS deaths: .
Regarding tourism the obesity, not an important issue, but we have to mention among the health statistics, as it is the plague of the 20th and the 21st century. The rate obese adults in Ethiopia is 3.3% (2014).
What are the natural hazards Ethiopia? Is there any?
The most known natural risks in Ethiopia are geologically active Great Rift Valley susceptible to earthquakes, volcanic eruptions; frequent droughtsvolcanism: volcanic activity in the Great Rift Valley; Erta Ale (elev. 613 m), which has caused frequent lava flows in recent years, is the country's most active volcano; Dabbahu became active in 2005, forcing evacuations; other historically active volcanoes include Alayta, Dalaffilla, Dallol, Dama Ali, Fentale, Kone, Manda Hararo, and Manda-Inakir.
More interesting facts about Ethiopia
A few words about the past, as every country and society its connected to its history; Unique among African countries, the ancient Ethiopian monarchy maintained its freedom from colonial rule with the exception of a short-lived Italian occupation from 1936-41. In 1974, a military junta, the Derg, deposed Emperor Haile SELASSIE (who had ruled since 1930) and established a socialist state. Torn by bloody coups, uprisings, wide-scale drought, and massive refugee problems, the regime was finally toppled in 1991 by a coalition of rebel forces, the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front. A constitution was adopted in 1994, and Ethiopia's first multiparty elections were held in 1995. A border war with Eritrea in the late 1990s ended with a peace treaty in December 2000. In November 2007, the Eritrea-Ethiopia Border Commission (EEBC) issued specific coordinates as virtually demarcating the border and pronounced its work finished. Alleging that the EEBC acted beyond its mandate in issuing the coordinates, Ethiopia has not accepted them and has not withdrawn troops from previously contested areas pronounced by the EEBC as belonging to Eritrea. In August 2012, longtime leader Prime Minister MELES Zenawi died in office and was replaced by his Deputy Prime Minister HAILEMARIAM Desalegn, marking the first peaceful transition of power in decades..
In every nation's memory, there are cornerstones that placed the country on the timeline of history. The date of declaration of independence of Ethiopia: oldest independent country in Africa and one of the oldest in the world - at least 2,000 years (may be traced to the Aksumite Kingdom, which coalesced in the first century B.C.).
The flag and other symbols of Ethiopia
The colors, symbols, and animals on the flag usually have a historical background or related to an important milestone or memory of the nation.
This case is not an exception either, three equal horizontal bands of green (top), yellow, and red, with a yellow pentagram and single yellow rays emanating from the angles between the points on a light blue disk centered on the three bands; green represents hope and the fertility of the land, yellow symbolizes justice and harmony, while red stands for sacrifice and heroism in the defense of the land; the blue of the disk symbolizes peace and the pentagram represents the unity and equality of the nationalities and peoples of Ethiopia. Note: Ethiopia is the oldest independent country in Africa, and the three main colors of her flag (adopted ca. 1895) were so often appropriated by other African countries upon independence that they became known as the Pan-African colors; the emblem in the center of the current flag was added in 1996.
Apart from the flag, the symbol of the national unity is the national anthem. The main purpose of the anthem is to share the nation's core values, endeavors, and the patriotic feelings.
National symbols of Ethiopia: Abyssinian lion (traditional), yellow pentagram with five rays of light on a blue field (promoted by current government); national colors: green, yellow, red.
Constitution of Ethiopia
The existence of the nation based on the constitution. Some constitutions knew around the world, like the U.S. Constitution that accepted on 17th of September 1787, in Philadelphia, the Constitution of United States of America.
It is not related to the declaration of independence that was stolen by Nicolas Cage in the movie National Treasure 🙂
What is the legal system of Ethiopia?
Most of the times the legal system of a country is in the focus of lawyers. It is a common fact that there are two main approaches in the world, “the law in books” and “the law in action.”
In the Anglo-Saxon world, the practice is the “law in action” while in the rest of the world where the law based on Roman law, the “law in books.”
The legal system of Ethiopia is civil law system.
It was Aristotle, who founded the theory of 3 separations of powers. In his view, these are the council of public affairs, the magistrates, and the justice system. In the age of enlightenment was the time when terminologies have been defined, the way we still use them. In most of the democratic countries, the three authorities are separated from each other. In dictatorships, the authorities are usually interwoven in one hand.
About the legislative branch of Ethiopia, we can highlight the following structures bicameral Parliament consists of the House of Federation or Yefedereshein Mikir Bete (108 seats; members indirectly elected by state assemblies to serve 5-year terms) and the House of People's Representatives or Yehizb Tewokayoch Mekir Bete (547 seats; members directly elected in single-seat constituencies by simple majority vote to serve 5-year terms); note - the House of Federation is responsible for interpreting the constitution and federal-regional issues and the House of People's Representatives is responsible for passing legislationelections: last held on 24 May 2015 (next to be held in 2020)election results: House of Representatives percent of vote - NA; seats by party - EPRDF 500, SPDP 24, BGPDP 9, ANDP 8, GPUDM 3, APDO 1, HNL 1, independent 1.
About the unemployment rate, labor force, and poverty line in Ethiopia
One of the major problems of the 21st-century economy is the unemployment. Governments are struggling to maintain a low level of the unemployment rate, but as a result of automation, the cheap 3rd world labor and the outsourcing of workflow, these attempts are failing. In Ethiopia the labor force is 50.97 million (2016 estimate). Please bear in mind that the population in Ethiopia is total: 51.1 deaths / 1,000 live births; male: 58.5 deaths / 1,000 live births, female: 43.4 deaths / 1,000 live births (2016 estimate) - as we already mentioned above.
The rate of unemployment in Ethiopia is 17.5% (2012 estimate).
It is widely known that the gap between the rich and poor is widening on an enormous scale.
According to the 2017 shocking Oxfam report, the richest eight people’s fortune is equal to the fortune of the poorest half of the world's population.
In Ethiopia, the income of the households and consumption compared to the entire population: lowest 10%: 4.1% highhest 10%: 25.6% (2005).
Another widely used indicator is the so-called GINI index, which measures the inequalities of statistical dispersion, but mainly used for measuring the sharing of income and fortune.
The GINI index is named after its founder Corrado Gini an Italian economist. Gini index has grades between 0-1, but often it is used on a percentage basis. It is 0 if the examined criteria territorial distribution is equal. It is one if the criteria is concentrated on the territory. In Ethiopia the GINI index is .33 (2011).
The states usually set up a poverty line, which is more or less is a subjective measure. It varies by country its base is often the minimum pension, the incomes of the poorest 20 percent, the X percent of income per capita Etc.
In Ethiopia the people living under the poverty line is lowest 10%: 4.1% highhest 10%: 25.6% (2005).
About the budget and central governments debt of Ethiopia
Available budget mainly defines the state's economy. The budget of Ethiopia is; revenues: $10.07 billion, expenditures: $11.85 billion (2016 estimate). Taxes and other revenues are 14.6% of GDP (2016 estimate).
The budget deficit (Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)) is .
The fiscal year in Ethiopia is 8 July - 7 July.
In country’s economy, we have to consider the public debt. Public debt is the consolidated sum of the state local, federal and central governments debt.
Inflation rate and prime lending rate in Ethiopia
A few further interesting and important economic data are the fallowing; Inflation rate: 9.1% (2016 estimate), 10.1% (2015 estimate) and the rate of the Commercial bank prime lending rate: 12.2% (31 December 2016 estimate).
Export/import partners and data of Ethiopia
Ethiopia, with the export of products, industrial tools, and other services, generates revenue. The export value in Ethiopia is: $2.932 billion (2016 estimate), $2.935 billion (2015 estimate). The total revenue of these activities: coffee (27%, by value), oilseeds (17%), edible vegetables including khat (17%), gold (13%), flowers (7%), live animals (7%), raw leather products (3%), meat products (3%).
The most important imported products are: machinery and aircraft (14%, by value), metal and metal products, (14%), electrical materials, (13%), petroleum products (12%), motor vehicles, (10%), chemicals and fertilizers (4%), and the countries from where the import is coming: China 20.4%, US 9.2%, Saudi Arabia 6.5%, India 4.5% (2015).
Renewable energies used in Ethiopia
As an attempt to suppress the pollution of the environment, renewable energies has to replace the fossil energy. The more the proportion of renewable energies in a country means more effort against the pollution. Ethiopia, the indicator of how much of country’s produced energy is coming from hydroelectric source is 88.2% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
To indicate how much another renewable energy is produced is the 3.6% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
Telecommunication data of Ethiopia, calling code
To maintain the economy, the development of a reliable and modern telecommunications infrastructure is crucial. We can say the following about Ethiopia; inadequate telephone system with the Ethio Telecom maintaining a monopoly over telecommunication services; open-wire, microwave radio relay; radio communication in the HF, VHF, and UHF frequencies; 2 domestic satellites provide the national trunk servicedomestic: the number of mobile telephones is increasing steadily from a small base and now stands at over 40 per 100 personsinternational: country code - 251; open-wire to Sudan and Djibouti; microwave radio relay to Kenya and Djibouti; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (1 Atlantic Ocean and 2 Pacific Ocean) (2015).
Transport infrastructure in Ethiopia
In the 21st century, we often say that the world has become small and there are no distances anymore. With widespread air travel when (sometimes) there are no visa restrictions, it is easy to reach other countries, but in case the distance is not too long, we can also use railway or water transportation.
The number of airports in Ethiopia: 57 (2013), and the number of heliports: N/A.
The total length of the roadways in Ethiopia: total: 110,414 km, paved: 14,354 km, unpaved: 96,060 km (2015).
The total length of the waterways in Ethiopia: N/A.
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Facts about Ethiopia
Name of the country: conventional long form: Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, conventional short form: Ethiopia, local long form: Ityop'iya Federalawi Demokrasiyawi Ripeblik, local short form: Ityop'iya, former: Abyssinia, Italian East Africaabbreviation: FDRE, etymology: the country name derives from the Greek word "Aethiopia," which in classical times referred to lands south of Egypt in the Upper Nile region.
|Abbrevation: Ethiopia||Geographic coordinates:
8 00 N, 38 00 E
|Capital of Ethiopia: Addis Ababa||GPS of the Capital:
9 02 N 38 42 E
|Position: Eastern Africa, west of Somalia|
|Land area: total: 1,104,300 sq km; land: 1 million sq km, water: 104,300 sq km||Terrain: high plateau with central mountain range divided by Great Rift Valley
||Area comparative: slightly less than twice the size of Texas|
|Population: 102,374,044 (July 2016 estimate)||Population grow rate: 2.88% (2016 estimate)||Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s) / female, 0-14 years: 1.01 male(s) / female, 15-24 years: 0.99 male(s) / female, 25-54 years: 0.99 male(s) / female, 55-64 years: 0.95 male(s) / female, 65 years and over: 0.82 male(s) / female, total population: 0.99 male(s) / female, (2016 estimate)|
|Exports: $2.932 billion (2016 estimate), $2.935 billion (2015 estimate)||Imports: $14.7 billion (2016 estimate), $15.87 billion (2015 estimate)||Import partners: China 20.4%, US 9.2%, Saudi Arabia 6.5%, India 4.5% (2015)|
|Urbanization: urban population: 19.5% of total population (2015)||Major urban area(s): ADDIS ABABA (capital) 3.238 million (2015)||Median age: total: 17.8 years; male: 17.6 years, female: 18 years (2016 estimate)
|Internet users: total: 11.538 million. Percent of population: 11.6% (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (fixed lines): total subscriptions: 890,642. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 1 (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (mobile, cellular): total: 42.312 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 43 (July 2015 estimate)|
|Unemployment rate: 17.5% (2012 estimate)||Nationality: Ethiopian(s) adjective: Ethiopian||National holidays: National Day (defeat of MENGISTU regime), 28 May (1991)|
|Life expectancy at birth: total population: 62.2 years. Male: 59.8 years, female: 64.7 years (2016 estimate)||Total fertility rate: 5.07 children born / woman (2016 estimate)||Birthrate: 36.9 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate)|
|Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write. Total population: 49.1%; male: 57.2%, female: 41.1% (2015 estimate)||Legal system: civil law system||Suffrage: 18 years of age, universal|
|Industries: food processing, beverages, textiles, leather, garments, chemicals, metals processing, cement||Industrial production growth rate: 9% (2016 estimate)||GDP real growth rate: 6.5% (2016 estimate) 10.2% (2015 estimate) 10.3% (2014 estimate)|
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