|Borderline map of Tunisia||Location map of Tunisia||Flag of Tunisia|
Google maps and detailed facts of Tunisia, (TN). This page enables you to explore Tunisia and its border countries (Location: Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Algeria and Libya) through detailed Satellite imagery - fast and easy as never before Google maps.
Find comprehensive information below about this country in its diversity: geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government, and history - All in One Wiki page!
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Tunisia Google Map
The map below shows Tunisia with its cities, towns, highways, main roads, streets and also providing Street Views. To find a location use the form below, type any city or place and to view, just a simple map click on the "Show Map" button.
The Google map above is showing Tunisia with its location: Africa, (geographic coordinates: 34 00 N, 9 00 E) and the international borders of Tunisia; total: 1,495 km. Border countries (total: 2): Algeria 1,034 km, Libya 461 km furthermore its inland counties boundaries.
Hint: Have a look at the Street view in Tunisia, or Africa. All you have to do is to drag and pull the little yellow man (named: Pegman) on the Google map above the desired location. After that whenever it is available (more than 50 countries in the world), blue stripes will appear to show the photos and details from Google’s regularly updated data image base.
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About Tunisia in detail
Where is Tunisia?
Tunisia, in case if you are looking on the map under the Coordinates 36 48 N 10 11 E otherwise in Africa, in Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Algeria and Libya.
What is the capital of Tunisia?
The capital city of Tunisia is: Tunis.
What is the time in Tunis?
It is 6 hours ahead of Washington DC during Standard Time, the timezone of Tunis is: UTC+1.
What is the Internet code for Tunisia?
The Top Level Domain (TLD) for Tunisia is: .tn
What is the size of Tunisia?
The territory of Tunisia is total: 163,610 sq km; land: 155,360 sq km, water: 8,250 sq km.
If we want to describe the size of the territory of Tunisia is slightly larger than Georgia.
If we would like to walk around and discover Tunisia, we can do that by covering the distance of total: 1,495 km.
What is the water coverage of Tunisia?
We have mentioned already on this website, that what percentage of Tunisia is covered by water (see below), and this includes 1,148 km coastline.
What is the climate like in Tunisia?
The climate of Tunisia is temperate in north with mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers: desert in south.
Geographical data of Tunisia
The elevation of Tunisia; mean elevation: 246 m, elevation extremes; lowest point: Shatt al Gharsah -17 m, highest point: Jebel ech Chambi 1,544 m.
The typical geographical details of Tunisia include mountains in north; hot, dry central plain; semiarid south merges into the Sahara.
If we would like to describe the countries location from a different point of view, it is safe to say, and easy to read from a map, Tunisia is strategic location in central Mediterranean; Malta and Tunisia are discussing the commercial exploitation of the continental shelf between their countries, particularly for oil exploration.
Resources and land use of Tunisia
The country’s main mined products are petroleum, phosphates, iron ore, lead, zinc, salt. The population partly uses the earlier highlighted land territory and partly left in its natural state: agricultural land: 64.8%; arable land 18.3%; permanent crops 15.4%; permanent pasture 31.1%; forest: 6.6%; other: 28.6% (2011 estimate).
Population data of Tunisia
The number of inhabitants of Tunisia is 11,134,588 (July 2016 estimate).
If we examine the proportion of population distribution, it is safe to say that the overwhelming majority of the population is located in the northern half of the country; the south remains largely underpopulated.
If we are looking at the proportion of the urbanized and barely populated areas, these are the figures: urban population: 66.8% of total population (2015).
Most of the population in Tunisia is concentrated in TUNIS (capital) 1.993 million (2015).
Ethnicity in Tunisia
According to ethnicity details, the ethnic groups in this country are the following: Arab 98%, European 1%, Jewish and other 1%.
Spoken languages in Tunisia
The spoken languages in Tunisia are the following: Arabic (official language, one of the languages of commerce), French (commerce), Berber (Tamazight). Note: despite having no official language status, French plays a major role in the country and is spoken by about two-thirds of the population.
What are the most important religions in Tunisia?
During the general census, researchers examine the churches, according to this: Muslim (official; Sunni) 99.1%, other (includes Christian, Jewish, Shia Muslim, and Baha'i) 1%.
Further population data of Tunisia
The proportion of gender and age tells a lot about the society as follows 0-14 years: 23.02% (male 1,320,426 / female 1,243,287) 15-24 years: 15.05% (male 840,907 / female 834,320) 25-54 years: 44.52% (male 2,402,272 / female 2,554,362) 55-64 years: 9.21% (male 520,305 / female 505,612) 65 years and over: 8.2% (male 448,870 / female 464,227) (2016 estimate). It also a significant factor in a society the population growth rate, which in the case of Tunisia is 0.86% (2016 estimate).
The population growth rate is based on two elements, the birth, and the death rate. In Tunisia the birth rate is 16.4 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate), the death rate 6 deaths / 1,000 population (2016 estimate).
In this day and age in the developed societies, the first child borns later compared to the previous centuries and decades, so the childbearing is extended. In Tunisia the average age of mothers at the first childbirth is .
In the best case scenario despite the fact that the birth of the children is postponed, the parents are still able to see their kids grow as the life expectancy is also extended. In the case of Tunisia, these figures are . With the introduction of modern medicine, the vaccinations and the proper hygienic conditions, the infant mortality rate is in a steep decline. The infant mortality statistics in Tunisia are the following: . Relevant data is the budget of healthcare, which is in the case of this country is 7% of GDP (2014).
Economic data of Tunisia
If we would like to describe a country, we also have to mention its economy; Tunisia's diverse, market-oriented economy has long been cited as a success story in Africa and the Middle East, but it faces an array of challenges following the 2011 Arab Spring revolution, including slow economic growth and high unemployment. FollowingTunisia's liberal strategy, coupled with investments in education and infrastructure, fueled decades of 4-5% annual GDP growth and improving living standards. Former President Zine el Abidine BEN ALI (1987-2011) continued these policies, but as his reignTunisia’s government remains under pressure to boost economic growth quickly to mitigate chronic socio-economic challenges, especially high levels of youth unemployment, which has persisted since the revolution in 2011. Successive terrorist attacks agains.
GDP is an important figure as all the relevant calculations and statistics are based on it. GDP in Tunisia is $42.39 billion (2015 estimate).
An another important indicator is the rate of the GDP growth, which in Tunisia is 1.5% (2016 estimate) 0.8% (2015 estimate) 2.3% (2014 estimate).
These statistics are affecting the world economy, remember in 2015 when the Chinese real GDP growth rate was worse than expected; The world markets fall, and the Chinese stock exchange was temporally suspended.
A further major factor of a country’s economy, the GDP per capita. In Tunisia this is $11,700 (2016 estimate) $11,600 (2015 estimate) $11,600 (2014 estimate).
In the case of the economy, the Trinity is in common places, such as agriculture, industry, and services.
What are the agricultural products Tunisia produces?
The main agricultural products of Tunisia are olives, olive oil, grain, tomatoes, citrus fruit, sugar beets, dates, almonds; beef, dairy products.
Regarding the economy, the important segments are petroleum, mining (particularly phosphate, iron ore), tourism, textiles, footwear, agribusiness, beverages. The crucial and regularly mentioned GDP is based on petroleum, mining (particularly phosphate, iron ore), tourism, textiles, footwear, agribusiness, beverages.
Drinking water source in Tunisia
It is important to mention, that - thanks to the development of the infrastructure -, the rate of potable water improved: urban: 100% of population, rural: 93.2% of population, total: 97.7% of population. Unimproved: urban: 0% of population, rural: 6.8% of population, total: 2.3% of population (2015 estimate).
Average number of childbirth in Tunisia
In Tunisia the average number of childbirth is 1.98 children born / woman (2016 estimate).
Population, median age, migration, and citizenship in Tunisia
The average age of the population is total: 32.4 years; male: 31.9 years, female: 32.7 years (2016 estimate). The age of adulthood varies in every country of the world in Tunisia it is 18 years of age, universal except for active government security forces.
In this age when we are experiencing an unprecedented scale of migration and globalization, it is an important factor the number of new coming immigrants. In Tunisia is -1.7 migrant(s) / 1,000 population (2016 estimate). It is important to know, how to apply for citizenship: citizenship by birth: no. Citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Tunisia. Dual citizenship recognized: yes, residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years.
Is Tunisia a safe destination? Healthcare services and contagious diseases in Tunisia
Many of the travelers are looking into the healthcare services and contagious diseases of their destinations. In Tunisia density of the hospital beds is 2.1 beds / 1,000 population (2012).
According to WHO rating regarding contagious diseases in Tunisia the N/A.
However, the HIV is not curable but maintainable. Let’s do not forget when the disease surfaced it was a world threatening condition. Unfortunately, in some countries, it is still very high the number of infected patients and fatalities as a result of the disease.
In Tunisia the number of HIV/AIDS deaths: .
Regarding tourism the obesity, not an important issue, but we have to mention among the health statistics, as it is the plague of the 20th and the 21st century. The rate obese adults in Tunisia is 27.1% (2014).
What are the natural hazards Tunisia? Is there any?
The most known natural risks in Tunisia are N/A.
More interesting facts about Tunisia
A few words about the past, as every country and society its connected to its history; Rivalry between French and Italian interests in Tunisia culminated in a French invasion in 1881 and the creation of a protectorate. Agitation for independence in the decades following World War I was finally successful in convincing the French to recognize Tunisia as an independent state in 1956. The country's first president, Habib BOURGUIBA, established a strict one-party state. He dominated the country for 31 years, repressing Islamic fundamentalism and establishing rights for women unmatched by any other Arab nation. In November 1987, BOURGUIBA was removed from office and replaced by Zine el Abidine BEN ALI in a bloodless coup. Street protests that began in Tunis in December 2010 over high unemployment, corruption, widespread poverty, and high food prices escalated in January 2011, culminating in rioting that led to hundreds of deaths. On 14 January 2011, the same day BEN ALI dismissed the government, he fled the country, and by late January 2011, a "national unity government" was formed. Elections for the new Constituent Assembly were held in late October 2011, and in December, it elected human rights activist Moncef MARZOUKI as interim president. The Assembly began drafting a new constitution in February 2012 and, after several iterations and a months-long political crisis that stalled the transition, ratified the document in January 2014. Parliamentary and presidential elections for a permanent government were held at the end of 2014. Beji CAID ESSEBSI was elected as the first president under the country's new constitution. In 2016, the new unity government continued to seek to balance political cohesion with economic and social pressures..
In every nation's memory, there are cornerstones that placed the country on the timeline of history. The date of declaration of independence of Tunisia: 20 March 1956 (from France).
The flag and other symbols of Tunisia
The colors, symbols, and animals on the flag usually have a historical background or related to an important milestone or memory of the nation.
This case is not an exception either, red with a white disk in the center bearing a red crescent nearly encircling a red five-pointed star; resembles the Ottoman flag (red banner with white crescent and star) and recalls Tunisia's history as part of the Ottoman Empire; red represents the blood shed by martyrs in the struggle against oppression, white stands for peace; the crescent and star are traditional symbols of Islam. Note: the flag is based on that of Turkey, itself a successor state to the Ottoman Empire.
Apart from the flag, the symbol of the national unity is the national anthem. The main purpose of the anthem is to share the nation's core values, endeavors, and the patriotic feelings.
National symbols of Tunisia: encircled red star and crescent; national colors: red, white.
Constitution of Tunisia
The existence of the nation based on the constitution. Some constitutions knew around the world, like the U.S. Constitution that accepted on 17th of September 1787, in Philadelphia, the Constitution of United States of America.
It is not related to the declaration of independence that was stolen by Nicolas Cage in the movie National Treasure 🙂
What is the legal system of Tunisia?
Most of the times the legal system of a country is in the focus of lawyers. It is a common fact that there are two main approaches in the world, “the law in books” and “the law in action.”
In the Anglo-Saxon world, the practice is the “law in action” while in the rest of the world where the law based on Roman law, the “law in books.”
The legal system of Tunisia is mixed legal system of civil law, based on the French civil code, and Islamic law; some judicial review of legislative acts in the Supreme Court in joint session.
It was Aristotle, who founded the theory of 3 separations of powers. In his view, these are the council of public affairs, the magistrates, and the justice system. In the age of enlightenment was the time when terminologies have been defined, the way we still use them. In most of the democratic countries, the three authorities are separated from each other. In dictatorships, the authorities are usually interwoven in one hand.
About the legislative branch of Tunisia, we can highlight the following structures unicameral Chamber of the People's Deputies (217 seats; members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by proportional representation vote; members serve 5-year terms)elections: initial election held on 26 October 2014 (next to be held in 2019)election results: percent of vote by party - Tunisia's Call 39.6%, al-Nahda 31.8%, UPL 7.4%, Popular Front 6.9%, Afek Tounes 3.7%, CPR 1.8%, other 8.8%; seats by party - Tunisia's Call 86, al-Nahda 69, UPL 16, Popular Front 15, Afek Tounes 8, CPR 4, other 17, independent 2.
About the unemployment rate, labor force, and poverty line in Tunisia
One of the major problems of the 21st-century economy is the unemployment. Governments are struggling to maintain a low level of the unemployment rate, but as a result of automation, the cheap 3rd world labor and the outsourcing of workflow, these attempts are failing. In Tunisia the labor force is 4.038 million (2016 estimate). Please bear in mind that the population in Tunisia is total: 21.6 deaths / 1,000 live births; male: 24.8 deaths / 1,000 live births, female: 18.1 deaths / 1,000 live births (2016 estimate) - as we already mentioned above.
The rate of unemployment in Tunisia is 15.4% (2016 estimate).
It is widely known that the gap between the rich and poor is widening on an enormous scale.
According to the 2017 shocking Oxfam report, the richest eight people’s fortune is equal to the fortune of the poorest half of the world's population.
In Tunisia, the income of the households and consumption compared to the entire population: lowest 10%: 2.6% highhest 10%: 27% (2010 estimate).
Another widely used indicator is the so-called GINI index, which measures the inequalities of statistical dispersion, but mainly used for measuring the sharing of income and fortune.
The GINI index is named after its founder Corrado Gini an Italian economist. Gini index has grades between 0-1, but often it is used on a percentage basis. It is 0 if the examined criteria territorial distribution is equal. It is one if the criteria is concentrated on the territory. In Tunisia the GINI index is .40 (2005 estimate).
The states usually set up a poverty line, which is more or less is a subjective measure. It varies by country its base is often the minimum pension, the incomes of the poorest 20 percent, the X percent of income per capita Etc.
In Tunisia the people living under the poverty line is lowest 10%: 2.6% highhest 10%: 27% (2010 estimate).
About the budget and central governments debt of Tunisia
Available budget mainly defines the state's economy. The budget of Tunisia is; revenues: $9.882 billion, expenditures: $11.77 billion (2016 estimate). Taxes and other revenues are 23.3% of GDP (2016 estimate).
The budget deficit (Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)) is .
The fiscal year in Tunisia is calendar year.
In country’s economy, we have to consider the public debt. Public debt is the consolidated sum of the state local, federal and central governments debt.
Inflation rate and prime lending rate in Tunisia
A few further interesting and important economic data are the fallowing; Inflation rate: 3.8% (2016 estimate), 4.9% (2015 estimate) and the rate of the Commercial bank prime lending rate: 7.31% (31 December 2016 estimate).
Export/import partners and data of Tunisia
Tunisia, with the export of products, industrial tools, and other services, generates revenue. The export value in Tunisia is: $12.88 billion (2016 estimate), $14.07 billion (2015 estimate). The total revenue of these activities: clothing, semi-finished goods and textiles, agricultural products, mechanical goods, phosphates and chemicals, hydrocarbons, electrical equipment.
The most important imported products are: textiles, machinery and equipment, hydrocarbons, chemicals, foodstuffs, and the countries from where the import is coming: France 19.4%, Italy 16.4%, Algeria 8.2%, Germany 7.4%, China 6% (2015).
Renewable energies used in Tunisia
As an attempt to suppress the pollution of the environment, renewable energies has to replace the fossil energy. The more the proportion of renewable energies in a country means more effort against the pollution. Tunisia, the indicator of how much of country’s produced energy is coming from hydroelectric source is 1.6% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
To indicate how much another renewable energy is produced is the 2.6% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
Telecommunication data of Tunisia, calling code
To maintain the economy, the development of a reliable and modern telecommunications infrastructure is crucial. We can say the following about Tunisia; above the African average and continuing to be upgraded; key centers are Sfax, Sousse, Bizerte, and Tunis; telephone network is completely digitized; Internet access available throughout the countrydomestic: in an effort to jumpstart expansion of the fixed-line network, the government awarded a concession to build and operate a VSAT network with international connectivity; rural areas are served by wireless local loops; competition between several mobile-cellinternational: country code - 216; a landing point for the SEA-ME-WE-4 submarine cable system that provides links to Europe, Middle East, and Asia; satellite earth stations - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean) and 1 Arabsat; coaxial cable and microwave radio relay to Algeria a (2015).
Transport infrastructure in Tunisia
In the 21st century, we often say that the world has become small and there are no distances anymore. With widespread air travel when (sometimes) there are no visa restrictions, it is easy to reach other countries, but in case the distance is not too long, we can also use railway or water transportation.
The number of airports in Tunisia: 29 (2013), and the number of heliports: N/A.
The total length of the roadways in Tunisia: total: 19,418 km, paved: 14,756 km (includes 357 km of expressways), unpaved: 4,662 km (2010).
The total length of the waterways in Tunisia: N/A.
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Facts about Tunisia
Name of the country: conventional long form: Republic of Tunisia, conventional short form: Tunisia, local long form: Al Jumhuriyah at Tunisiyah, local short form: Tunis. Note: the country name derives from the capital city of Tunis.
|Abbrevation: Tunisia||Geographic coordinates:
34 00 N, 9 00 E
|Capital of Tunisia: Tunis||GPS of the Capital:
36 48 N 10 11 E
|Position: Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Algeria and Libya|
|Land area: total: 163,610 sq km; land: 155,360 sq km, water: 8,250 sq km||Terrain: mountains in north; hot, dry central plain; semiarid south merges into the Sahara
||Area comparative: slightly larger than Georgia|
|Population: 11,134,588 (July 2016 estimate)||Population grow rate: 0.86% (2016 estimate)||Sex ratio: at birth: 1.07 male(s) / female, 0-14 years: 1.06 male(s) / female, 15-24 years: 1.01 male(s) / female, 25-54 years: 0.94 male(s) / female, 55-64 years: 1.03 male(s) / female, 65 years and over: 0.97 male(s) / female, total population: 0.99 male(s) / female, (2016 estimate)|
|Exports: $12.88 billion (2016 estimate), $14.07 billion (2015 estimate)||Imports: $17.75 billion (2016 estimate), $19.1 billion (2015 estimate)||Import partners: France 19.4%, Italy 16.4%, Algeria 8.2%, Germany 7.4%, China 6% (2015)|
|Urbanization: urban population: 66.8% of total population (2015)||Major urban area(s): TUNIS (capital) 1.993 million (2015)||Median age: total: 32.4 years; male: 31.9 years, female: 32.7 years (2016 estimate)
|Internet users: total: 5.355 million. Percent of population: 48.5% (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (fixed lines): total subscriptions: 943,508. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 9 (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (mobile, cellular): total: 14.598 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 132 (July 2015 estimate)|
|Unemployment rate: 15.4% (2016 estimate)||Nationality: Tunisian(s) adjective: Tunisian||National holidays: Independence Day, 20 March (1956); Revolution and Youth Day, 14 January (2011)|
|Life expectancy at birth: total population: 76.1 years. Male: 74 years, female: 78.4 years (2016 estimate)||Total fertility rate: 1.98 children born / woman (2016 estimate)||Birthrate: 16.4 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate)|
|Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write. Total population: 81.8%; male: 89.6%, female: 74.2% (2015 estimate)||Legal system: mixed legal system of civil law, based on the French civil code, and Islamic law; some judicial review of legislative acts in the Supreme Court in joint session||Suffrage: 18 years of age, universal except for active government security forces|
|Industries: petroleum, mining (particularly phosphate, iron ore), tourism, textiles, footwear, agribusiness, beverages||Industrial production growth rate: 1.1% (2016 estimate)||GDP real growth rate: 1.5% (2016 estimate) 0.8% (2015 estimate) 2.3% (2014 estimate)|
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