|Borderline map of Chad||Location map of Chad||Flag of Chad|
Google maps and detailed facts of Chad, (CD). This page enables you to explore Chad and its border countries (Country location: Central Africa, south of Libya) through detailed Satellite imagery - fast and easy as never before Google maps.
Find comprehensive information below about this country in its diversity: Google maps, geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government, and history - All in One Wiki page.
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Chad Google Map
The map below shows Chad with its cities, towns, highways, main roads, streets, and also providing Street Views. To find a location, use the form below, type any city or place and to view, just a simple map click on the "Show Map" button.
The Google map above is showing Chad with its location: Africa, (geographic coordinates: 15 00 N, 19 00 E) and the international borders of Chad; total: 6,406 km. Border countries (total: 6): Cameroon 1,116 km, Central African Republic 1,556 km, Libya 1,050 km, Niger 1,196 km, Nigeria 85 km, Sudan 1,403 km furthermore it's inland counties boundaries.
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About Chad in detail
Where is Chad?
Chad, in case, if you are looking on the map under the Coordinates 12 06 N 15 02 E otherwise in Africa, in Central Africa, south of Libya.
What is the capital city of Chad?
The capital city of Chad is: N'Djamena.
What is the time in N'Djamena?
It is 6 hours ahead of Washington, D.C. during Standard Time, the timezone of N'Djamena is: UTC+1.
What is the Internet code for Chad?
The Top Level Domain (TLD) for Chad is: .td
What is the size of Chad?
The territory of Chad is total: 1.284 million sq km; land: 1,259,200 sq km, water: 24,800 sq km.
If we want to describe the size of the territory of Chad is slightly more than three times the size of California.
If we would like to walk around and discover Chad, we can do that by covering the distance of total: 6,406 km.
What is the water coverage of Chad?
We have mentioned already on this website, that what percentage of Chad is covered by water (see below), and this includes 0 km (landlocked country) coastline.
What is the climate like in Chad?
The climate of Chad is tropical in south, desert in north.
Geographical data of Chad
The elevation of Chad; mean elevation: 543 m, elevation extremes; lowest point: Djourab 160 m, highest point: Emi Koussi 3,415 m.
The typical geographical details of Chad include broad, arid plains in center, desert in north, mountains in northwest, lowlands in south.
If we would like to describe the countries location from a different point of view, it is safe to say, and easy to read from a map, Chad is note 1: Chad is the largest of Africa's 16 landlocked countriesnote 2: not long ago - geologically speaking - what is today the Sahara was green savannah teeming with wildlife; during the African Humid Period, roughly 11,000 to 5,000 years ago, a vibrant animal community, including elephants, giraffes, hippos, and antelope lived there; the last remnant of the "Green Sahara" exists in the Lakes of Ounianga (oo-nee-ahn-ga) in northern Chad, a series of 18 interconnected freshwater, saline, and hypersaline lakes now protected as a World Heritage sitenote 3: Lake Chad, the most significant water body in the Sahel, is a remnant of a former inland sea, paleolake Mega-Chad; at its greatest extent, sometime before 5000 B.C., Lake Mega-Chad was the largest of four Saharan paleolakes that existed during the African Humid Period; it covered an area of about 400,000 sq km (150,000 sq mi), roughly the size of today's Caspian Sea.
Resources and land use of Chad
The country’s main mined products are petroleum, uranium, natron, kaolin, fish (Lake Chad), gold, limestone, sand and gravel, salt. The population partly uses the earlier highlighted land territory and partly left in its natural state: agricultural land: 39.6%; arable land 3.9%; permanent crops 0%; permanent pasture 35.7%; forest: 9.1%; other: 51.3% (2011 estimate).
Population data of Chad
The number of inhabitants of Chad is 11,852,462 (July 2016 estimate).
If we examine the proportion of population distribution, it is safe to say that the population is unevenly distributed due to contrasts in climate and physical geography; the highest density is found in the southwest, particularly around Lake Chad and points south; the dry Saharan zone to the north is the least densely populated.
If we are looking at the proportion of the urbanized and barely populated areas, these are the figures: urban population: 22.5% of total population (2015).
Most of the population in Chad is concentrated in N'DJAMENA (capital) 1.26 million (2015).
Ethnicity in Chad
According to ethnicity details, the ethnic groups in this country are the following: Sara (Ngambaye/Sara/Madjingaye/Mbaye) 25.9%, Arab 12.6%, Kanembu/Bornu/Buduma 8.3%, Wadai/Maba/Masalit/Mimi 7%, Gorane 6.8%, Masa/Musseye/Musgum 4.7%, Bulala/Medogo/Kuka 3.6%, Bidiyo/Migaama/Kenga/Dangleat 3.6%, Marba/Lele/Mesme 2.9%, Dadjo/Kibet/Muro 2.5%, Mundang 2.5%, Gabri/Kabalaye/Nanchere/Somrai 2.4%, Zaghawa/Bideyat/Kobe 2.3%, Fulani/Fulbe/Bodore 2%, Tupuri/Kera 2%, Tama/Assongori/Mararit 1.6%, Baguirmi/Barma 1.3%, Karo/Zime/Peve 1.3%, Mesmedje/Massalat/Kadjakse 1%, other Chadian ethnicities 2.5%, Chadians of foreign ethnicities 0.6%, foreign nationals 2.5% (Sudanese 2%) (2009 estimate).
Spoken languages in Chad
The spoken languages in Chad are the following: French (official language), Arabic (official language), Sara (in south), more than 120 different languages and dialects.
What are the most important religions in Chad?
During the general census, researchers examine the churches, according to this: Muslim 58.4%, Catholic 18.5%, Protestant 16.1%, animist 4%, other 0.5%, none 2.4% (2009 estimate).
Further population data of Chad
The proportion of gender and age tells a lot about the society as follows 0-14 years: 43.63% (male 2,622,700 / female 2,549,035) 15-24 years: 21.18% (male 1,225,731 / female 1,285,150) 25-54 years: 28.31% (male 1,525,208 / female 1,830,530) 55-64 years: 3.87% (male 202,044 / female 256,936) 65 years and over: 3% (male 146,957 / female 208,171) (2016 estimate). It also a significant factor in a society the population growth rate, which in the case of Chad is 1.88% (2016 estimate).
The population growth rate is based on two elements, the birth, and the death rate. In Chad the birth rate is 36.1 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate), the death rate 14 deaths / 1,000 population (2016 estimate).
In this day and age in the developed societies, the first child borns later compared to the previous centuries and decades, so the childbearing is extended. In Chad the average age of mothers at the first childbirth is .
In the best case scenario despite the fact that the birth of the children is postponed, the parents are still able to see their kids grow as the life expectancy is also extended. In the case of Chad, these figures are . With the introduction of modern medicine, the vaccinations and the proper hygienic conditions, the infant mortality rate is in a steep decline. The infant mortality statistics in Chad are the following: . Relevant data is the budget of healthcare, which is in the case of this country is 3.6% of GDP (2014).
Economic data of Chad
If we would like to describe a country, we also have to mention its economy; Chad’s landlocked location results in high transportation costs for imported goods and dependence on neighboring countries. Oil and agriculture are mainstays of Chad’s economy. Oil provides about 60% of export revenues, while cotton, cattle, livestock, anNearly all of Chad’s fuel is provided by one domestic refinery, and unanticipated shutdowns occasionally result in shortages. The country regulates the price of domestic fuel, providing an incentive for black market sales.Chad’s fiscal position is encumbered by declining oil prices, though high oil prices and strong local harvests supported the economy in recent years. Chad relies on foreign assistance and foreign capital for much public and private sector investment. Chad.
GDP is an important figure as all the relevant calculations and statistics are based on it. GDP in Chad is $10.44 billion (2015 estimate).
An another important indicator is the rate of the GDP growth, which in Chad is -1.1% (2016 estimate) 1.8% (2015 estimate) 6.9% (2014 estimate).
These statistics are affecting the world economy, remember in 2015 when the Chinese real GDP growth rate was worse than expected; The world markets fall, and the Chinese stock exchange was temporally suspended.
A further major factor of a country’s economy, the GDP per capita. In Chad this is $2,600 (2016 estimate) $2,700 (2015 estimate) $2,700 (2014 estimate).
In the case of the economy, the Trinity is in common places, such as agriculture, industry, and services.
What are the agricultural products Chad produces?
The main agricultural products of Chad are cotton, sorghum, millet, peanuts, sesame, corn, rice, potatoes, onions, cassava (manioc, tapioca), cattle, sheep, goats, camels.
Regarding the economy, the important segments are oil, cotton textiles, brewing, natron (sodium carbonate), soap, cigarettes, construction materials. The crucial and regularly mentioned GDP is based on oil, cotton textiles, brewing, natron (sodium carbonate), soap, cigarettes, construction materials.
Drinking water source in Chad
It is important to mention, that - thanks to the development of the infrastructure -, the rate of potable water improved: urban: 71.8% of population, rural: 44.8% of population, total: 50.8% of population. Unimproved: urban: 28.2% of population, rural: 55.2% of population, total: 49.2% of population (2015 estimate).
Average number of childbirth in Chad
In Chad, the average number of childbirth is 4.45 children born / woman (2016 estimate).
Population, median age, migration, and citizenship in Chad
The average age of the population is total: 17.6 years; male: 16.6 years, female: 18.6 years (2016 estimate). The age of adulthood varies in every country of the world in Chad it is 18 years of age, universal.
In this age when we are experiencing an unprecedented scale of migration and globalization, it is an important factor the number of new coming immigrants. In Chad is -3.3 migrant(s) / 1,000 population (2016 estimate). It is important to know, how to apply for citizenship: citizenship by birth: no. Citizenship by descent only: both parents must be citizens of Chad. Dual citizenship recognized: Chadian law does not address . Dual citizenshipresidency requirement for naturalization: 15 years.
Is Chad a safe destination? Healthcare services and contagious diseases in Chad
Many of the travelers are looking into the healthcare services and contagious diseases of their destinations. In Chad density of the hospital beds is N/A.
According to WHO rating regarding contagious diseases in Chad the degree of risk: very highfood or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fevervectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue feverwater contact disease: schistosomiasisrespiratory disease: meningococcal meningitisanimal contact disease: rabies (2016).
However, the HIV is not curable but maintainable. Let’s do not forget when the disease surfaced it was a world threatening condition. Unfortunately, in some countries, it is still very high the number of infected patients and fatalities as a result of the disease.
In Chad the number of HIV/AIDS deaths: N/A.
Regarding tourism the obesity, not an important issue, but we have to mention among the health statistics, as it is the plague of the 20th and the 21st century. The rate obese adults in Chad is 6.6% (2014).
What are the natural hazards Chad? Is there any?
The most known natural risks in Chad are hot, dry, dusty harmattan winds occur in north; periodic droughts; locust plagues.
More interesting facts about Chad
A few words about the past, as every country and society its connected to its history; Chad, part of France's African holdings until 1960, endured three decades of civil warfare, as well as invasions by Libya, before peace was restored in 1990. The government eventually drafted a democratic constitution and held flawed presidential elections in 1996 and 2001. In 1998, a rebellion broke out in northern Chad, which has sporadically flared up despite several peace agreements between the government and insurgents. In June 2005, President Idriss DEBY held a referendum successfully removing constitutional term limits and won another controversial election in 2006. Sporadic rebel campaigns continued throughout 2006 and 2007. The capital experienced a significant insurrection in early 2008, but has had no significant rebel threats since then, in part due to Chad's 2010 rapprochement with Sudan, which previously used Chadian rebels as proxies. In late 2015, the government imposed a state of emergency in the Lake Chad region following multiple attacks by the terrorist group Boko Haram throughout the year; Boko Haram also launched several bombings in N'Djamena in mid-2015. DEBY in 2011 was reelected to his fourth term in an election that international observers described as proceeding without incident. In January 2014, Chad began a two-year rotation on the UN Security Council.
In every nation's memory, there are cornerstones that placed the country on the timeline of history. The date of declaration of independence of Chad: 11 August 1960 (from France).
The flag and other symbols of Chad
The colors, symbols, and animals on the flag usually have a historical background or related to an important milestone or memory of the nation.
This case is not an exception either, three equal vertical bands of blue (hoist side), yellow, and red; the flag combines the blue and red French (former colonial) colors with the red and yellow of the Pan-African colors; blue symbolizes the sky, hope, and the south of the country, which is relatively well-watered; yellow represents the sun, as well as the desert in the north of the country; red stands for progress, unity, and sacrifice. Note: similar to the flag of Romania; also similar to the flags of Andorra and Moldova, both of which have a national coat of arms centered in the yellow band; design was based on the flag of France.
Apart from the flag, the symbol of the national unity is the national anthem. The main purpose of the anthem is to share the nation's core values, endeavors, and the patriotic feelings.
National symbols of Chad: goat (north), lion (south); national colors: blue, yellow, red.
Constitution of Chad
The existence of the nation based on the constitution. Some constitutions knew around the world, like the U.S. Constitution that accepted on 17th of September 1787, in Philadelphia, the Constitution of the United States of America.
It is not related to the declaration of independence that was stolen by Nicolas Cage in the movie National Treasure 🙂
What is the legal system of Chad?
Most of the times, the legal system of a country is in the focus of lawyers. It is a common fact that there are two main approaches in the world, “the law in books” and “the law in action.”
In the Anglo-Saxon world, the practice is the “law in action” while in the rest of the world where the law based on Roman law, the “law in books.”
The legal system of Chad is mixed legal system of civil and customary law.
It was Aristotle, who founded Theory of 3 separations of powers. In his view, these are the council of public affairs, the magistrates, and the justice system. In the age of enlightenment was the time when terminologies have defined, the way we still use them. In most of the democratic countries, the three authorities separated from each other. In dictatorships, the authorities usually interweaved in one hand.
About the legislative branch of Chad, we can highlight the following structures unicameral National Assembly (188 seats; 118 directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by proportional representation vote and 70 directly elected in single-seat constituencies by absolute majority vote with a second round if needed; members serve 4-year terms)elections: National Assembly - last held on 13 February and 6 May 2011 (next to be held on 30 September 2015)election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - MPS 117, UNDR 10, RDP 9, URD 8, RNDT/Le Reveil 8, Viva-RNDP 5, FAR 4, PUR 2, UDR 2, PDSA 2, CTPD 2, other minor parties 19.
About the unemployment rate, labor force, and poverty line in Chad
One of the major problems of the 21st-century economy is the unemployment. Governments are struggling to maintain a low level of the unemployment rate, but as a result of automation, the cheap 3rd world labor and the outsourcing of workflow, these attempts are failing. In Chad the labor force is 5.457 million (2016 estimate). Please bear in mind that the population in Chad is total: 87 deaths / 1,000 live births; male: 92.5 deaths / 1,000 live births, female: 81.3 deaths / 1,000 live births (2016 estimate) - as we already mentioned above.
The rate of unemployment in Chad is N/A %.
It is widely known that the gap between the rich and poor is widening on an enormous scale.
According to the 2017 shocking Oxfam report, the richest eight people’s fortune is equal to the fortune of the poorest half of the world's population.
In Chad, the income of the households and consumption compared to the entire population: lowest 10%: 2.6% highest 10%: 30.8% (2003).
Another widely used indicator is the so-called GINI index, which measures the inequalities of statistical dispersion, but mainly used for measuring the sharing of income and fortune.
The GINI index is named after its founder Corrado Gini an Italian economist. Gini index has grades between 0-1, but often it is used on a percentage basis. It is 0 if the examined criteria territorial distribution is equal. It is one if the criteria is concentrated on the territory. In Chad the GINI index is .43,3 (2011 estimate).
The states usually set up a poverty line, which is more or less is a subjective measure. It varies by country its base is often the minimum pension, the incomes of the poorest 20 percent, the X percent of income per capita Etc.
In Chad, the people living under the poverty line is the lowest 10%: 2.6% highest 10%: 30.8% (2003).
About the budget and central governments debt of Chad
Available budget mainly defines the state's economy. The budget of Chad is; revenues: $1.626 billion, expenditures: $2.163 billion (2016 estimate). Taxes and other revenues are 15.6% of GDP (2016 estimate).
The budget deficit (Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)) is .
The fiscal year in Chad is calendar year.
In country’s economy, we have to consider the public debt. Public debt is the consolidated sum of the state local, federal and central governments debt.
Inflation rate and prime lending rate in Chad
A few further interesting and important economic data are the fallowing; Inflation rate: 3.8% (2016 estimate), 4.6% (2015 estimate) and the rate of the Commercial bank prime lending rate: 15.5% (31 December 2016 estimate).
Export/import partners and data of Chad
Chad, with the export of products, industrial tools, and other services, generates revenue. The export value in Chad is: $4.053 billion (2016 estimate), $3.965 billion (2015 estimate). The total revenue of these activities: oil, livestock, cotton, sesame, gum arabic, shea butter.
The most important imported products are: machinery and transportation equipment, industrial goods, foodstuffs, textiles, and the countries from where the import is coming: France 16.5%, China 14.2%, Cameroon 11%, US 6.4%, India 6%, Belgium 5.7%, Italy 4.8% (2015).
Renewable energies used in Chad
As an attempt to suppress the pollution of the environment, renewable energies has to replace the fossil energy. The more the proportion of renewable energies in a country means more effort against the pollution. Chad, the indicator of how much of country’s produced energy is coming from hydroelectric source is 0% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
To indicate how much another renewable energy is produced is the 0% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
Telecommunication data of Chad, calling code
To maintain the economy, the development of a reliable and modern telecommunications infrastructure is crucial. We can say the following about Chad; inadequate system of radiotelephone communication stations with high maintenance costs and low telephone densitydomestic: fixed-line connections for less than 1 per 100 persons coupled with mobile-cellular subscribership base of about 45 per 100 personsinternational: country code - 235; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean) (2015).
Transport infrastructure in Chad
In the 21st century, we often say that the world has become small and there are no distances anymore. With widespread air travel when (sometimes) there are no visa restrictions, it is easy to reach other countries, but in case the distance is not too long, we can also use railway or water transportation.
The number of airports in Chad: 59 (2013), and the number of heliports: N/A.
The total length of the roadways in Chad: total: 40,000 km, note: consists of 25,000 km of national and regional roads and 15,000 km of local roads; 206 km of urban roads are paved (2011).
The total length of the waterways in Chad: (Chari and Legone Rivers are navigable only in wet season) (2012).
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Facts & data about Chad
Name of the country: conventional long form: Republic of Chad, conventional short form: Chad, local long form: Republique du Tchad/Jumhuriyat Tshad, local short form: Tchad/Tshad, etymology: named for Lake Chad, which lies along the country's western border; the word "tsade" means "large body of water" or "lake" in several local native languages.
|Abbrevation: Chad||Geographic coordinates:
15 00 N, 19 00 E
|Country location: Africa|
|Capital of Chad: N'Djamena||GPS of the Capital:
12 06 N 15 02 E
|Position: Central Africa, south of Libya|
|Land area: total: 1.284 million sq km; land: 1,259,200 sq km, water: 24,800 sq km||Terrain: broad, arid plains in center, desert in north, mountains in northwest, lowlands in south
||Area comparative: slightly more than three times the size of California|
|Population: 11,852,462 (July 2016 estimate)||Population grow rate: 1.88% (2016 estimate)||Sex ratio: at birth: 1.04 male(s) / female, 0-14 years: 1.03 male(s) / female, 15-24 years: 0.95 male(s) / female, 25-54 years: 0.83 male(s) / female, 55-64 years: 0.79 male(s) / female, 65 years and over: 0.71 male(s) / female, total population: 0.93 male(s) / female, (2016 estimate)|
|Exports: $4.053 billion (2016 estimate), $3.965 billion (2015 estimate)||Imports: $3.075 billion (2016 estimate), $3.071 billion (2015 estimate)||Import partners: France 16.5%, China 14.2%, Cameroon 11%, US 6.4%, India 6%, Belgium 5.7%, Italy 4.8% (2015)|
|Urbanization: urban population: 22.5% of total population (2015)||Major urban area(s): N'DJAMENA (capital) 1.26 million (2015)||Median age: total: 17.6 years; male: 16.6 years, female: 18.6 years (2016 estimate)
|Internet users: total: 314,000. Percent of population: 2.7% (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (fixed lines): total subscriptions: 17,029. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: less than 1 (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (mobile, cellular): total: 5.466 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 47 (July 2015 estimate)|
|Unemployment rate: N/A %||Nationality: Chadian(s) adjective: Chadian||National holidays: Independence Day, 11 August (1960)|
|Life expectancy at birth: total population: 50.2 years. Male: 49 years, female: 51.5 years (2016 estimate)||Total fertility rate: 4.45 children born / woman (2016 estimate)||Birthrate: 36.1 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate)|
|Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write French or Arabic. Total population: 40.2%; male: 48.5%, female: 31.9% (2015 estimate)||Legal system: mixed legal system of civil and customary law||Suffrage: 18 years of age, universal|
|Industries: oil, cotton textiles, brewing, natron (sodium carbonate), soap, cigarettes, construction materials||Industrial production growth rate: -5% (2016 estimate)||GDP real growth rate: -1.1% (2016 estimate) 1.8% (2015 estimate) 6.9% (2014 estimate)|
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