Zambia

Driving Directions Zambia

ZAMBIA, located in central southern Africa, is essentially a massive plateau surrounded by Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namibia, Angola, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Tanzania. Bordering it to the south is the River Zambezi and to the southwest, the Kalahari Desert. It has some other large rivers, including the Luangwa and the Kafue, and some lakes, the largest of which is Lake Bangweulu.

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The Muchinga Mountains in the northeast reach a little over 2,100 meters or 6,890 feet with the plateau averaging between 100-1,4000 meters or 328-4,593 feet in height.

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The plateau is covered with grasslands and some trees and is home to a typically diverse array of African wildlife. There are large game parks on the River Luangwa and River Kafue.

The climate is tropical, modified somewhat by altitude – about two-thirds of the population work in farming at a subsistence level.

Agriculture is underdeveloped and vulnerable to weather variations, which can lead to food shortages and the need for large quantities of imported food. The principal subsistence crops grown are corn, sugar cane, and cassava.

Zambia’s economy relies heavily on the mining of copper, lead, zinc, and cobalt. The weak market prospects for copper, which will eventually be exhausted, make it imperative for Zambia to develop her vast agricultural potential. The Kariba Dam provides the majority of the country’s power on the River Zambezi, and there is potential for further hydroelectric development.

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