|Borderline map of Rwanda||Location map of Rwanda||Flag of Rwanda|
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Rwanda Google Map
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The Google map above is showing Rwanda with its location: Africa, (geographic coordinates: 2 00 S, 30 00 E) and the international borders of Rwanda; total: 930 km. Border countries (total: 4): Burundi 315 km, Democratic Republic of the Congo 221 km, Tanzania 222 km, Uganda 172 km furthermore its inland counties boundaries.
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About Rwanda in detail
Where is Rwanda?
Rwanda, in case if you are looking on the map under the Coordinates 1 57 S 30 03 E otherwise in Africa, in Central Africa, east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, north of Burundi.
What is the capital of Rwanda?
The capital city of Rwanda is: Kigali.
What is the time in Kigali?
It is 7 hours ahead of Washington DC during Standard Time, the timezone of Kigali is: UTC+2.
What is the Internet code for Rwanda?
The Top Level Domain (TLD) for Rwanda is: .rw
What is the size of Rwanda?
The territory of Rwanda is total: 26,338 sq km; land: 24,668 sq km, water: 1,670 sq km.
If we want to describe the size of the territory of Rwanda is slightly smaller than Maryland.
If we would like to walk around and discover Rwanda, we can do that by covering the distance of total: 930 km.
What is the water coverage of Rwanda?
We have mentioned already on this website, that what percentage of Rwanda is covered by water (see below), and this includes 0 km (landlocked country) coastline.
What is the climate like in Rwanda?
The climate of Rwanda is temperate: two rainy seasons (February to April, November to January): mild in mountains with frost and snow possible.
Geographical data of Rwanda
The elevation of Rwanda; mean elevation: 1,598 m, elevation extremes; lowest point: Rusizi River 950 m, highest point: Volcan Karisimbi 4,519 m.
The typical geographical details of Rwanda include mostly grassy uplands and hills; relief is mountainous with altitude declining from west to east.
If we would like to describe the countries location from a different point of view, it is safe to say, and easy to read from a map, Rwanda is landlocked country; most of the country is savanna grassland with the population predominantly rural.
Resources and land use of Rwanda
The country’s main mined products are gold, cassiterite (tin ore), wolframite (tungsten ore), methane, hydropower, arable land. The population partly uses the earlier highlighted land territory and partly left in its natural state: agricultural land: 74.5%; arable land 47%; permanent crops 10.1%; permanent pasture 17.4%; forest: 18%; other: 7.5% (2011 estimate).
Population data of Rwanda
The number of inhabitants of Rwanda is 12,988,423 (July 2016 estimate).
If we examine the proportion of population distribution, it is safe to say that N/A.
If we are looking at the proportion of the urbanized and barely populated areas, these are the figures: urban population: 28.8% of total population (2015).
Most of the population in Rwanda is concentrated in KIGALI (capital) 1.257 million (2015).
Ethnicity in Rwanda
According to ethnicity details, the ethnic groups in this country are the following: Hutu (Bantu) 84%, Tutsi (Hamitic) 15%, Twa (Pygmy) 1%.
Spoken languages in Rwanda
The spoken languages in Rwanda are the following: Kinyarwanda only (official language, universal Bantu vernacular) 93.2%, Kinyarwanda and other language(s) 6.2%, French (official language) and other language(s) 0.1%, English (official language) and other language(s) 0.1%, Swahili (or Kiswahili, used in commercial centers) 0.02%, other 0.03%, unspecified 0.3% (2002 estimate).
What are the most important religions in Rwanda?
During the general census, researchers examine the churches, according to this: Roman Catholic 49.5%, Protestant 39.4% (includes Adventist 12.2% and other Protestant 27.2%), other Christian 4.5%, Muslim 1.8%, animist 0.1%, other 0.6%, none 3.6% (2001), unspecified 0.5% (2002 estimate).
Further population data of Rwanda
The proportion of gender and age tells a lot about the society as follows 0-14 years: 41.53% (male 2,719,248 / female 2,674,688) 15-24 years: 18.87% (male 1,226,141 / female 1,225,009) 25-54 years: 32.93% (male 2,142,936 / female 2,134,064) 55-64 years: 4.09% (male 249,447 / female 282,225) 65 years and over: 2.58% (male 138,834 / female 195,831) (2016 estimate). It also a significant factor in a society the population growth rate, which in the case of Rwanda is 2.53% (2016 estimate).
The population growth rate is based on two elements, the birth, and the death rate. In Rwanda the birth rate is 33.3 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate), the death rate 8.8 deaths / 1,000 population (2016 estimate).
In this day and age in the developed societies, the first child borns later compared to the previous centuries and decades, so the childbearing is extended. In Rwanda the average age of mothers at the first childbirth is .
In the best case scenario despite the fact that the birth of the children is postponed, the parents are still able to see their kids grow as the life expectancy is also extended. In the case of Rwanda, these figures are . With the introduction of modern medicine, the vaccinations and the proper hygienic conditions, the infant mortality rate is in a steep decline. The infant mortality statistics in Rwanda are the following: . Relevant data is the budget of healthcare, which is in the case of this country is 7.5% of GDP (2014).
Economic data of Rwanda
If we would like to describe a country, we also have to mention its economy; Rwanda is a rural country with about 90% of the population engaged in subsistence agriculture and some mineral and agro-processing. Tourism, minerals, coffee and tea are Rwanda's main sources of foreign exchange. Despite Rwanda's fertile ecosystem, food pThe 1994 genocide decimated Rwanda's fragile economic base, severely impoverished the population, particularly women, and temporarily stalled the country's ability to attract private and external investment. However, Rwanda has made substantial progress iAfrica's most densely populated country is trying to overcome the limitations of its small, landlocked economy by leveraging regional trade; Rwanda joined the East African Community and is aligning its budget, trade, and immigration policies with its regiThe Rwandan Government is seeking to become a regional leader in information and communication technologies. In 2012, Rwanda completed the first modern Special Economic Zone (SEZ) in Kigali. The SEZ seeks to attract investment in all sectors, but specific.
GDP is an important figure as all the relevant calculations and statistics are based on it. GDP in Rwanda is $8.341 billion (2015 estimate).
An another important indicator is the rate of the GDP growth, which in Rwanda is 6% (2016 estimate) 6.9% (2015 estimate) 7% (2014 estimate).
These statistics are affecting the world economy, remember in 2015 when the Chinese real GDP growth rate was worse than expected; The world markets fall, and the Chinese stock exchange was temporally suspended.
A further major factor of a country’s economy, the GDP per capita. In Rwanda this is $1,900 (2016 estimate) $1,800 (2015 estimate) $1,800 (2014 estimate).
In the case of the economy, the Trinity is in common places, such as agriculture, industry, and services.
What are the agricultural products Rwanda produces?
The main agricultural products of Rwanda are coffee, tea, pyrethrum (insecticide made from chrysanthemums), bananas, beans, sorghum, potatoes; livestock.
Regarding the economy, the important segments are cement, agricultural products, small-scale beverages, soap, furniture, shoes, plastic goods, textiles, cigarettes. The crucial and regularly mentioned GDP is based on cement, agricultural products, small-scale beverages, soap, furniture, shoes, plastic goods, textiles, cigarettes.
Drinking water source in Rwanda
It is important to mention, that - thanks to the development of the infrastructure -, the rate of potable water improved: urban: 86.6% of population, rural: 71.9% of population, total: 76.1% of population. Unimproved: urban: 13.4% of population, rural: 28.1% of population, total: 23.9% of population (2015 estimate).
Average number of childbirth in Rwanda
In Rwanda the average number of childbirth is 4.46 children born / woman (2016 estimate).
Population, median age, migration, and citizenship in Rwanda
The average age of the population is total: 19 years; male: 18.7 years, female: 19.2 years (2016 estimate). The age of adulthood varies in every country of the world in Rwanda it is 18 years of age, universal.
In this age when we are experiencing an unprecedented scale of migration and globalization, it is an important factor the number of new coming immigrants. In Rwanda is 0.8 migrant(s) / 1,000 population (2016 estimate). It is important to know, how to apply for citizenship: citizenship by birth: no. Citizenship by descent only: the father must be a citizen of Rwanda; if the father is stateless or unknown, the mother must be a citizen. Dual citizenship recognized: no. Residency requirement for naturalization: 10 years.
Is Rwanda a safe destination? Healthcare services and contagious diseases in Rwanda
Many of the travelers are looking into the healthcare services and contagious diseases of their destinations. In Rwanda density of the hospital beds is 1.6 beds / 1,000 population (2007).
According to WHO rating regarding contagious diseases in Rwanda the degree of risk: very highfood or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fevervectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue feveranimal contact disease: rabies (2016).
However, the HIV is not curable but maintainable. Let’s do not forget when the disease surfaced it was a world threatening condition. Unfortunately, in some countries, it is still very high the number of infected patients and fatalities as a result of the disease.
In Rwanda the number of HIV/AIDS deaths: .
Regarding tourism the obesity, not an important issue, but we have to mention among the health statistics, as it is the plague of the 20th and the 21st century. The rate obese adults in Rwanda is 3.3% (2014).
What are the natural hazards Rwanda? Is there any?
The most known natural risks in Rwanda are periodic droughts; the volcanic Virunga Mountains are in the northwest along the border with Democratic Republic of the Congovolcanism: Visoke (elev. 3,711 m), located on the border with the Democratic Republic of the Congo, is the country's only historically active volcano.
More interesting facts about Rwanda
A few words about the past, as every country and society its connected to its history; In 1959, three years before independence from Belgium, the majority ethnic group, the Hutus, overthrew the ruling Tutsi king. Over the next several years, thousands of Tutsis were killed, and some 150,000 driven into exile in neighboring countries. The children of these exiles later formed a rebel group, the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), and began a civil war in 1990. The war, along with several political and economic upheavals, exacerbated ethnic tensions, culminating in April 1994 in a state-orchestrated genocide, in which Rwandans killed up to a million of their fellow citizens, including approximately three-quarters of the Tutsi population. The genocide ended later that same year when the predominantly Tutsi RPF, operating out of Uganda and northern Rwanda, defeated the national army and Hutu militias, and established an RPF-led government of national unity. Approximately 2 million Hutu refugees - many fearing Tutsi retribution - fled to neighboring Burundi, Tanzania, Uganda, and former Zaire. Since then, most of the refugees have returned to Rwanda, but several thousand remained in the neighboring Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC, the former Zaire) and formed an extremist insurgency bent on retaking Rwanda, much as the RPF did in 1990. Rwanda held its first local elections in 1999 and its first post-genocide presidential and legislative elections in 2003. Rwanda in 2009 staged a joint military operation with the Congolese Army in DRC to rout out the Hutu extremist insurgency there, and Kigali and Kinshasa restored diplomatic relations. Rwanda also joined the Commonwealth in late 2009 and assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2013-14 term..
In every nation's memory, there are cornerstones that placed the country on the timeline of history. The date of declaration of independence of Rwanda: 1 July 1962 (from Belgium-administered UN trusteeship).
The flag and other symbols of Rwanda
The colors, symbols, and animals on the flag usually have a historical background or related to an important milestone or memory of the nation.
This case is not an exception either, three horizontal bands of sky blue (top, double width), yellow, and green, with a golden sun with 24 rays near the fly end of the blue band; blue represents happiness and peace, yellow economic development and mineral wealth, green hope of prosperity and natural resources; the sun symbolizes unity, as well as enlightenment and transparency from ignorance.
Apart from the flag, the symbol of the national unity is the national anthem. The main purpose of the anthem is to share the nation's core values, endeavors, and the patriotic feelings.
National symbols of Rwanda: traditional woven basket with peaked lid; national colors: blue, yellow, green.
Constitution of Rwanda
The existence of the nation based on the constitution. Some constitutions knew around the world, like the U.S. Constitution that accepted on 17th of September 1787, in Philadelphia, the Constitution of United States of America.
It is not related to the declaration of independence that was stolen by Nicolas Cage in the movie National Treasure 🙂
What is the legal system of Rwanda?
Most of the times the legal system of a country is in the focus of lawyers. It is a common fact that there are two main approaches in the world, “the law in books” and “the law in action.”
In the Anglo-Saxon world, the practice is the “law in action” while in the rest of the world where the law based on Roman law, the “law in books.”
The legal system of Rwanda is mixed legal system of civil law, based on German and Belgian models, and customary law; judicial review of legislative acts in the Supreme Court.
It was Aristotle, who founded the theory of 3 separations of powers. In his view, these are the council of public affairs, the magistrates, and the justice system. In the age of enlightenment was the time when terminologies have been defined, the way we still use them. In most of the democratic countries, the three authorities are separated from each other. In dictatorships, the authorities are usually interwoven in one hand.
About the legislative branch of Rwanda, we can highlight the following structures bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate or Senat (26 seats; 12 members indirectly elected by local councils, 8 appointed by the president, 4 appointed by the Political Organizations Forum - a body of registered political parties, and 2 selected by institutions of higher learning; members serve 8-year terms) and the Chamber of Deputies or Chambre des Deputes (80 seats; 53 members directly elected by proportional representation vote, 24 women elected by special interest groups, and 3 selected by youth and disability organizations; members serve 5-year terms)elections: Senate - NA; Chamber of Deputies - last held on 16-18 September 2013 (next to be held in 2018)election results: Chamber of Deputies percent of vote by party - Rwndan Front Coalition 76.2%, PSD 13%, PL 9.3%, other 1.5%; seats by party - Rwandan Front Coalition 41, PSD 7, PL 5, 27 members indirectly elected.
About the unemployment rate, labor force, and poverty line in Rwanda
One of the major problems of the 21st-century economy is the unemployment. Governments are struggling to maintain a low level of the unemployment rate, but as a result of automation, the cheap 3rd world labor and the outsourcing of workflow, these attempts are failing. In Rwanda the labor force is 6.03 million (2016 estimate). Please bear in mind that the population in Rwanda is total: 56.8 deaths / 1,000 live births; male: 60.2 deaths / 1,000 live births, female: 53.2 deaths / 1,000 live births (2016 estimate) - as we already mentioned above.
The rate of unemployment in Rwanda is N/A %.
It is widely known that the gap between the rich and poor is widening on an enormous scale.
According to the 2017 shocking Oxfam report, the richest eight people’s fortune is equal to the fortune of the poorest half of the world's population.
In Rwanda, the income of the households and consumption compared to the entire population: lowest 10%: 2.1% highhest 10%: 43.2% (2011 estimate).
Another widely used indicator is the so-called GINI index, which measures the inequalities of statistical dispersion, but mainly used for measuring the sharing of income and fortune.
The GINI index is named after its founder Corrado Gini an Italian economist. Gini index has grades between 0-1, but often it is used on a percentage basis. It is 0 if the examined criteria territorial distribution is equal. It is one if the criteria is concentrated on the territory. In Rwanda the GINI index is .46,8 (2000).
The states usually set up a poverty line, which is more or less is a subjective measure. It varies by country its base is often the minimum pension, the incomes of the poorest 20 percent, the X percent of income per capita Etc.
In Rwanda the people living under the poverty line is lowest 10%: 2.1% highhest 10%: 43.2% (2011 estimate).
About the budget and central governments debt of Rwanda
Available budget mainly defines the state's economy. The budget of Rwanda is; revenues: $1.865 billion, expenditures: $2.279 billion (2016 estimate). Taxes and other revenues are 22.4% of GDP (2016 estimate).
The budget deficit (Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)) is .
The fiscal year in Rwanda is calendar year.
In country’s economy, we have to consider the public debt. Public debt is the consolidated sum of the state local, federal and central governments debt.
Inflation rate and prime lending rate in Rwanda
A few further interesting and important economic data are the fallowing; Inflation rate: 4.6% (2016 estimate), 2.5% (2015 estimate) and the rate of the Commercial bank prime lending rate: 17.3% (31 December 2016 estimate).
Export/import partners and data of Rwanda
Rwanda, with the export of products, industrial tools, and other services, generates revenue. The export value in Rwanda is: $674.9 million (2016 estimate), $683.7 million (2015 estimate). The total revenue of these activities: coffee, tea, hides, tin ore.
The most important imported products are: foodstuffs, machinery and equipment, steel, petroleum products, cement and construction material, and the countries from where the import is coming: Uganda 15.7%, Kenya 11.8%, India 8.7%, China 8.7%, UAE 8.6%, Russia 6.6%, Tanzania 5.1% (2015).
Renewable energies used in Rwanda
As an attempt to suppress the pollution of the environment, renewable energies has to replace the fossil energy. The more the proportion of renewable energies in a country means more effort against the pollution. Rwanda, the indicator of how much of country’s produced energy is coming from hydroelectric source is 65.7% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
To indicate how much another renewable energy is produced is the 0% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
Telecommunication data of Rwanda, calling code
To maintain the economy, the development of a reliable and modern telecommunications infrastructure is crucial. We can say the following about Rwanda; small, inadequate telephone system primarily serves business, education, and governmentdomestic: the capital, Kigali, is connected to provincial centers by microwave radio relay and, recently, by cellular telephone service; much of the network depends on wire and HF radiotelephone; combined fixed-line and mobile-cellular telephone density has increasinternational: country code - 250; international connections employ microwave radio relay to neighboring countries and satellite communications to more distant countries; satellite earth stations - 1 Intelsat (Indian Ocean) in Kigali (includes telex and telefax service) (2015).
Transport infrastructure in Rwanda
In the 21st century, we often say that the world has become small and there are no distances anymore. With widespread air travel when (sometimes) there are no visa restrictions, it is easy to reach other countries, but in case the distance is not too long, we can also use railway or water transportation.
The number of airports in Rwanda: 7 (2013), and the number of heliports: N/A.
The total length of the roadways in Rwanda: total: 4,700 km, paved: 1,207 km, unpaved: 3,493 km (2012).
The total length of the waterways in Rwanda: (Lac Kivu navigable by shallow-draft barges and native craft) (2011).
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Facts about Rwanda
Name of the country: conventional long form: Republic of Rwanda, conventional short form: Rwanda, local long form: Republika y'u Rwanda, local short form: Rwanda, former: Ruanda, German East Africa, etymology: the name translates as "domain" in the native Kinyarwanda language.
|Abbrevation: Rwanda||Geographic coordinates:
2 00 S, 30 00 E
|Capital of Rwanda: Kigali||GPS of the Capital:
1 57 S 30 03 E
|Position: Central Africa, east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, north of Burundi|
|Land area: total: 26,338 sq km; land: 24,668 sq km, water: 1,670 sq km||Terrain: mostly grassy uplands and hills; relief is mountainous with altitude declining from west to east
||Area comparative: slightly smaller than Maryland|
|Population: 12,988,423 (July 2016 estimate)||Population grow rate: 2.53% (2016 estimate)||Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s) / female, 0-14 years: 1.02 male(s) / female, 15-24 years: 1 male(s) / female, 25-54 years: 1 male(s) / female, 55-64 years: 0.88 male(s) / female, 65 years and over: 0.7 male(s) / female, total population: 1 male(s) / female, (2016 estimate)|
|Exports: $674.9 million (2016 estimate), $683.7 million (2015 estimate)||Imports: $1.961 billion (2016 estimate), $1.917 billion (2015 estimate)||Import partners: Uganda 15.7%, Kenya 11.8%, India 8.7%, China 8.7%, UAE 8.6%, Russia 6.6%, Tanzania 5.1% (2015)|
|Urbanization: urban population: 28.8% of total population (2015)||Major urban area(s): KIGALI (capital) 1.257 million (2015)||Median age: total: 19 years; male: 18.7 years, female: 19.2 years (2016 estimate)
|Internet users: total: 2.279 million. Percent of population: 18% (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (fixed lines): total subscriptions: 16,983. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: less than 1 (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (mobile, cellular): total: 8.76 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 69 (July 2015 estimate)|
|Unemployment rate: N/A %||Nationality: Rwandan(s) adjective: Rwandan||National holidays: Independence Day, 1 July (1962)|
|Life expectancy at birth: total population: 60.1 years. Male: 58.5 years, female: 61.7 years (2016 estimate)||Total fertility rate: 4.46 children born / woman (2016 estimate)||Birthrate: 33.3 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate)|
|Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write. Total population: 70.5%; male: 73.2%, female: 68% (2015 estimate)||Legal system: mixed legal system of civil law, based on German and Belgian models, and customary law; judicial review of legislative acts in the Supreme Court||Suffrage: 18 years of age, universal|
|Industries: cement, agricultural products, small-scale beverages, soap, furniture, shoes, plastic goods, textiles, cigarettes||Industrial production growth rate: 6.9% (2016 estimate)||GDP real growth rate: 6% (2016 estimate) 6.9% (2015 estimate) 7% (2014 estimate)|
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