|Borderline map of Rwanda||Location map of Rwanda||Flag of Rwanda|
Google maps and detailed facts of Rwanda (RW). This page enables you to explore Rwanda and its border countries (Country Location: Central Africa, east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, north of Burundi) through detailed Satellite imagery – fast and easy as never before Google maps.
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Rwanda Google maps™
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The Google map above shows Rwanda with its location: Africa (geographic coordinates: 2 00 S, 30 00 E) and the international borders of Rwanda; total: 930 km. Border countries (total: 4): Burundi 315 km, the Democratic Republic of the Congo 221 km, Tanzania 222 km, Uganda 172 km; furthermore, it’s inland counties boundaries.
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About Rwanda in detail
Where is Rwanda?
What is the capital city of Rwanda?
The capital city of Rwanda is Kigali.
What is the time in Kigali?
It is 7 hours ahead of Washington, D.C. during Standard Time; Kigali’s timezone is UTC+2.
What is the Internet code for Rwanda?
The Top Level Domain (TLD) for Rwanda is: .rw
What is the size of Rwanda?
The territory of Rwanda is total: 26,338 sq km; land: 24,668 sq km, water: 1,670 sq km.
If we want to describe the size of the territory of Rwanda is somewhat smaller than Maryland.
If we would like to walk around and discover Rwanda, we can cover a total distance: 930 km.
What is the water coverage of Rwanda?
We have already mentioned what percentage of Rwanda is covered by water (see below), and this includes 0 km (landlocked country) coastline.
What is the climate like in Rwanda?
Rwanda’s climate is temperate: two rainy seasons (February to April, November to January): mild in the mountains with frost and snow possible.
Geographical data of Rwanda
Rwanda’s elevation; mean elevation: 1,598 m, elevation extremes; lowest point: Rusizi River 950 m, highest point: Volcan Karisimbi 4,519 m.
Rwanda’s specific geographical details include mostly grassy uplands and hills; relief is mountainous with altitude declining from west to east.
Suppose we would like to describe the countries location from a different perspective. In that case, it is safe to say, and easy to read from a map, Rwanda is a landlocked country; most of the country is savanna grassland with the population predominantly rural.
Resources and land use of Rwanda
The country’s main mined products are gold, cassiterite (tin ore), wolframite (tungsten ore), methane, hydropower, arable land. The population partly uses the earlier highlighted land territory and partly left in its natural state: agricultural land: 74.5%; arable land 47%; permanent crops 10.1%; permanent pasture 17.4%; forest: 18%; other: 7.5% (2011 estimate).
Population data of Rwanda
The number of inhabitants of Rwanda is 12,988,423 (July 2016 estimate).
If we examine the proportion of the population distribution, it is safe to say that N/A.
If we look at the proportion of the urbanized and barely populated areas, these are the figures: urban population: 28.8% of the total population (2015).
Most of Rwanda’s population is concentrated in KIGALI (capital), 1.257 million (2015).
Ethnicity in Rwanda
According to ethnicity details, the ethnic groups are Hutu (Bantu) 84%, Tutsi (Hamitic) 15%, Twa (Pygmy) 1%.
Spoken languages in Rwanda
The spoken languages in Rwanda are the following: Kinyarwanda only (official language, universal Bantu vernacular) 93.2%, Kinyarwanda and other languages 6.2%, French (official language) and other languages 0.1%, English (official language) and other languages 0.1%, Swahili (or Kiswahili, used in commercial centers) 0.02%, other 0.03%, unspecified 0.3% (2002 estimate).
What are the most important religions in Rwanda?
During the general census, researchers examine the churches, according to this: Roman Catholic 49.5%, Protestant 39.4% (includes Adventist 12.2% and other Protestant 27.2%), other Christian 4.5%, Muslim 1.8%, animist 0.1%, other 0.6%, none 3.6% (2001), unspecified 0.5% (2002 estimate).
Further population data of Rwanda
The proportion of gender and age tells a lot about the society as follows 0-14 years: 41.53% (male 2,719,248 / female 2,674,688) 15-24 years: 18.87% (male 1,226,141 / female 1,225,009) 25-54 years: 32.93% (male 2,142,936 / female 2,134,064) 55-64 years: 4.09% (male 249,447 / female 282,225) 65 years and over: 2.58% (male 138,834 / female 195,831) (2016 estimate). It also a significant factor in a society the population growth rate, which in the case of Rwanda is 2.53% (2016 estimate).
The population growth rate is based on two elements, the birth and the death rate. In Rwanda the birth rate is 33.3 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate), the death rate 8.8 deaths / 1,000 population (2016 estimate).
In this day and age in developed societies, the first child borns later compared to the previous centuries and decades, so childbearing is extended. In Rwanda, the average age of mothers at the first childbirth is N/A.
Although the children’s birth is postponed in the best-case scenario, the parents can still see their kids grow as life expectancy also extended. In the case of Rwanda, these figures are. With the introduction of modern medicine, vaccinations, and the proper hygienic conditions, the infant mortality rate is in a steep decline. The infant mortality statistics in Rwanda are the following: N/A. Relevant data is the budget of healthcare, which is in the case of this country is 7.5% of GDP (2014).
Economic data of Rwanda
Suppose we would like to describe a country. We also have to mention its economy; Rwanda is a rural country with about 90% of the population engaged in subsistence agriculture and some mineral and agro-processing. Tourism, minerals, coffee, and tea are Rwanda’s main sources of foreign exchange. The 1994 genocide decimated Rwanda’s fragile economic base, severely impoverished the population, particularly women, and temporarily stalled its ability to attract private and external investment. Africa’s most densely populated country is trying to overcome the limitations of its small, landlocked economy by leveraging regional trade; Rwanda joined the East African Community and aligns its budget, trade, and immigration policies. The Rwandan Government is seeking to become a regional leader in information and communication technologies. In 2012, Rwanda completed the first modern Special Economic Zone (SEZ) in Kigali. The SEZ seeks to attract investment in all sectors, but specific.
GDP is a prominent figure, as all the relevant calculations and statistics are based on it. GDP in Rwanda is $8.341 billion (2015 estimate).
Another important indicator is the rate of GDP growth, which in Rwanda is 6% (2016 estimate), 6.9% (2015 estimate) 7% (2014 estimate).
These statistics affect the world economy; remember, in 2015, the Chinese real GDP growth rate was worse than expected; The world markets fall, and the Chinese stock exchange was temporarily suspended.
A further major factor of a country’s economy, the GDP per capita. In Rwanda this is $1,900 (2016 estimate) $1,800 (2015 estimate) $1,800 (2014 estimate).
In the economy, the Trinity is in common places, such as agriculture, industry, and services.
What are the agricultural products Rwanda produces?
Rwanda’s main agricultural products are coffee, tea, pyrethrum (insecticide made from chrysanthemums), bananas, beans, sorghum, potatoes, livestock.
The essential segments are cement, agricultural products, small-scale beverages, soap, furniture, shoes, plastic goods, textiles, and cigarettes. The crucial and regularly mentioned GDP is based on cement, agricultural products, small-scale beverages, soap, furniture, shoes, plastic goods, textiles, cigarettes.
Drinking water source in Rwanda
It is essential to mention that – thanks to the development of the infrastructure -, the rate of potable water improved: urban: 86.6% of the population, rural: 71.9% of the population, total: 76.1% of the population. Unimproved: urban: 13.4% of the people, rural: 28.1% of the people, total: 23.9% of the population (2015 estimate).
The average number of childbirth in Rwanda
In Rwanda, the average delivery number is 4.46 children born / woman (2016 estimate).
Population, median age, migration, and citizenship in Rwanda
The population’s average age is 19 years; male: 18.7 years, female: 19.2 years (2016 estimate). The age of adulthood varies in every country of the world in Rwanda; it is 18 years of age, universal.
When we are experiencing an unprecedented scale of migration and globalization, it is an important factor in the number of new immigrants. In Rwanda is 0.8 migrant(s) / 1,000 population (2016 estimate). It is important to know how to apply for citizenship: citizenship by birth: no. Citizenship by descent only: the father must be a citizen of Rwanda; if the father is stateless or unknown, the mother must be a citizen. Dual citizenship recognized: no—the residency requirement for naturalization: 10 years.
Is Rwanda a safe destination? Healthcare services and infectious diseases in Rwanda
Many of the travelers are looking into the healthcare services and infectious diseases of their destinations. In Rwanda, the hospital beds’ density is 1.6 beds / 1,000 population (2007).
According to the WHO rating regarding contagious diseases in Rwanda, the degree of risk: very high food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever animal contact disease: rabies (2016).
However, HIV is not curable but maintainable. Let’s do not forget when the disease surfaced; it was a world threatening condition. Unfortunately, in some countries, it is still very high the number of infected patients and fatalities due to the disease.
In Rwanda, the number of HIV/AIDS deaths: N/A.
Regarding tourism obesity, not an important issue, but we have to mention health statistics, as it is the plague of the 20th and the 21st century. The rate of obese adults in Rwanda is 3.3% (2014).
What are the natural hazards in Rwanda? Is there any?
The most known natural risk in Rwanda are periodic droughts; the volcanic Virunga Mountains are in the northwest along the border with the Democratic Republic of the Congovolcanism: Visoke (elevation 3,711 m), located on the border with the Democratic Republic of the Congo, is the country’s only historically active volcano.
More interesting facts about Rwanda
A few words about the past, as every country and society, is connected to its history; In 1959, three years before independence from Belgium, the majority ethnic group, the Hutus, overthrew the ruling Tutsi king. Over the next several years, thousands of Tutsis were killed, and some 150,000 driven into exile in neighboring countries. The children of these exiles later formed a rebel group, the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), and began a civil war in 1990. The war, along with several political and economic upheavals, exacerbated ethnic tensions, culminating in April 1994 in a state-orchestrated genocide, in which Rwandans killed up to a million of their fellow citizens, including approximately three-quarters of the Tutsi population. The genocide ended later that same year when the predominantly Tutsi RPF, operating out of Uganda and northern Rwanda, defeated the national army and Hutu militias and established an RPF-led government of national unity.
Approximately 2 million Hutu refugees – much fearing Tutsi retributions – fled to neighboring Burundi, Tanzania, Uganda, and former Zaire. Since then, most refugees have returned to Rwanda, but several thousand remained in the neighboring Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC, former Zaire) and formed an extremist insurgency bent on retaking Rwanda, much as the RPF did in 1990. Rwanda held its first local elections in 1999 and its first post-genocide presidential and legislative elections in 2003. Rwanda in 2009 staged a joint military operation with the Congolese Army in DRC to rout out the Hutu extremist insurgency there, and Kigali and Kinshasa restored diplomatic relations. Rwanda also joined the Commonwealth in late 2009 and assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2013-14 term.
In every nation’s memory, some cornerstones placed the country on the timeline of history. The date of declaration of independence of Rwanda: 1 July 1962 (from Belgium-administered UN trusteeship).
The flag and other symbols of Rwanda
The colors, symbols, and animals on the flag usually have a historical background or an important milestone or memory of the nation.
This case is not an exception either; three horizontal bands of sky blue (top, double-width), yellow, and green, with a golden sun with 24 rays near the fly end of the blue band; blue represents happiness and peace, yellow economic development and mineral wealth, green hope of prosperity and natural resources; the sun symbolizes unity, as well as enlightenment and transparency from ignorance.
Apart from the flag, the symbol of national unity is the national anthem. The anthem’s primary purpose is to share the nation’s core values, endeavors, and patriotic feelings.
Rwanda’s national symbols: a traditional woven basket with peaked lid; national colors: blue, yellow, green.
Constitution of Rwanda
The existence of the nation is based on the constitution. Some constitutions knew worldwide, like the U.S. Constitution that was accepted on the 17th of September 1787, in Philadelphia, the United States of America’s Constitution.
It is not related to the declaration of independence that was stolen by Nicolas Cage in the movie National Treasure 🙂
What is the legal system of Rwanda?
Most of the time, the legal system of a country is the focus of lawyers. It is a common fact that there are two main approaches in the world, “the law in books” and “the law in action.”
In the Anglo-Saxon world, the practice is the “law in action,” while in the rest of the world, the law is based on Roman law, the “law in books.”
Rwanda’s legal system is a mixed legal system of civil law, based on German and Belgian models, and customary law; judicial review of legislative acts in the Supreme Court.
It was Aristotle who founded the Theory of 3 separations of powers. In his view, these are the council of public affairs, the magistrates, and the justice system. The age of enlightenment was the time when terminologies have defined the way we still use them. In most democratic countries, the three authorities separated from each other. In dictatorships, the rules usually interweaved in one hand.
About the legislative branch of Rwanda, we can highlight the following structures bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate or Senat (26 seats; 12 members indirectly elected by local councils, eight appointed by the president, four appointed by the Political Organizations Forum – a body of registered political parties, and two selected by institutions of higher learning; members serve 8-year terms) and the Chamber of Deputies or Chambre des Deputes (80 seats; 53 members directly elected by proportional representation vote, 24 women elected by special interest groups, and three selected by youth and disability organizations; members serve 5-year terms).
About the unemployment rate, labor force, and poverty line in Rwanda
One of the major problems of the 21st-century economy is unemployment. Governments are struggling to maintain a low level of the unemployment rate. Still, as a result of automation, the cheap 3rd world labor, and the outsourcing of workflow, these attempts fail. In Rwanda, the labor force is 6.03 million (2016 estimate). Please bear in mind that the population in Rwanda is total: 56.8 deaths / 1,000 live births; male: 60.2 deaths / 1,000 live births, female: 53.2 deaths / 1,000 live births (2016 estimate) – as we already mentioned above.
The rate of unemployment in Rwanda is N/A %.
Widely known that the gap between the rich and poor is widening on an enormous scale.
According to the 2017 shocking Oxfam report, the most affluent eight people’s fortune is equal to the wealth of the poorest half of the world’s population.
In Rwanda, the households’ income and consumption compared to the entire population: lowest 10%: 2.1% highest 10%: 43.2% (2011 estimate).
Another widely used indicator is the so-called GINI index, which measures the inequalities of statistical dispersion, but is mainly used for measuring the sharing of income and fortune.
The GINI index was named after its founder Corrado Gini, an Italian economist. Gini index has grades between 0-1, but often it is used on a percentage basis. It is 0 if the examined criteria territorial distribution is equal. It is one of the criteria concentrated on the territory. In Rwanda, the GINI index is .46,8 (2000).
The states usually set up a poverty line, which is more or less, is a subjective measure. It varies by country; its base is often the minimum pension, the incomes of the most deficient 20 percent, the X percent of income per capita Etc.
In Rwanda, the poverty line people are the lowest 10%: 2.1% highest 10%: 43.2% (2011 estimate).
About the budget and central governments debt of Rwanda
The available budget mainly defines the state’s economy. Rwanda’s budget is; revenues: $1.865 billion, expenditures: $2.279 billion (2016 estimate). Taxes and other revenues are 22.4% of GDP (2016 estimate).
The budget deficit (Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)) is N/A.
The fiscal year in Rwanda is the calendar year.
In the country’s economy, we have to consider the public debt. Public debt is the consolidated sum of the state’s local, federal, and central government debt.
Inflation rate and prime lending rate in Rwanda
A few further interesting and relevant economic data are the following; Inflation rate: 4.6% (2016 estimate), 2.5% (2015 estimate), and the rate of the Commercial bank prime lending rate: 17.3% (31 December 2016 estimate).
Export/import partners and data of Rwanda
Rwanda, with the export of products, industrial tools, and other services, generates revenue. Rwanda’s export value is $674.9 million (2016 estimate), $683.7 million (2015 estimate). The total revenue of these activities: coffee, tea, hides, tin ore.
The most important imported products are foodstuffs, machinery and equipment, steel, petroleum products, cement, and construction material, and the countries from where the import is coming: Uganda 15.7%, Kenya 11.8%, India 8.7%, China 8.7%, UAE 8.6%, Russia 6.6%, Tanzania 5.1% (2015).
Renewable energies used in Rwanda
To suppress the pollution of the environment, renewable energies have to replace the fossil energy. The more the proportion of renewable energies in a country means more effort against pollution. Rwanda, the indicator of how much of the country’s produced energy is coming from the hydroelectric source, is 65.7% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
To indicate how much another renewable energy produced is 0% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
Telecommunication data of Rwanda, calling code
To maintain the economy, the development of a reliable and modern telecommunications infrastructure is crucial. We can say Rwanda’s following; small, inadequate telephone system primarily serves business, education, and government. Domestic: the capital, Kigali, is connected to provincial centers by microwave radio relay and, recently, by cellular telephone service; much of the network depends on the wire and HF radiotelephone; combined fixed-line mobile-cellular telephone density has increased. International: country code – 250; international connections employ microwave radio relay to neighboring countries and satellite communications to more distant lands; satellite earth stations – 1 Intelsat (Indian Ocean) in Kigali (includes telex and telefax service) (2015).
Transport infrastructure in Rwanda
In the 21st century, we often say that the world has become small and there are no distances anymore. With widespread air travel when (sometimes) there are no visa restrictions, it is easy to reach other countries, but if the distance is not too long, we can also use railway or water transportation.
The number of airports in Rwanda: 7 (2013), and the number of heliports: N/A.
The total length of the roadways in Rwanda: total: 4,700 km, paved: 1,207 km, unpaved: 3,493 km (2012).
The total length of the waterways in Rwanda: (Lac Kivu navigable by shallow-draft barges and native craft) (2011).
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Facts & data about Rwanda
Name of the country: conventional long way: the Republic of Rwanda, traditional short form: Rwanda, local long form: Republika y’u Rwanda, local short state: Rwanda, former: Ruanda, German East Africa, etymology: the name translates as “domain” in the native Kinyarwanda language.
|Abbreviation: Rwanda||Geographic coordinates:|
2 00 S, 30 00 E
|Country Location: Africa|
|Capital of Rwanda: Kigali||GPS of the Capital:|
1 57 S 30 03 E
|Position: Central Africa, east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, north of Burundi|
|Land area: total: 26,338 sq km; land: 24,668 sq km, water: 1,670 sq km||Terrain: mostly grassy uplands and hills; relief is mountainous with altitude declining from west to east||Area comparative: somewhat smaller than Maryland|
|Population: 12,988,423 (July 2016 estimate)||Population grow rate: 2.53% (2016 estimate)||Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s) / female, 0-14 years: 1.02 male(s) / female, 15-24 years: 1 male(s) / female, 25-54 years: 1 male(s) / female, 55-64 years: 0.88 male(s) / female, 65 years and over: 0.7 male(s) / female, total population: 1 male(s) / female (2016 estimate)|
|Exports: $674.9 million (2016 estimate), $683.7 million (2015 estimate)||Imports: $1.961 billion (2016 estimate), $1.917 billion (2015 estimate)||Import partners: Uganda 15.7%, Kenya 11.8%, India 8.7%, China 8.7%, UAE 8.6%, Russia 6.6%, Tanzania 5.1% (2015)|
|Urbanization: urban population: 28.8% of the total population (2015)||Major urban area(s): KIGALI (capital) 1.257 million (2015)||Median age: total: 19 years; male: 18.7 years, female: 19.2 years (2016 estimate)|
|Internet users: total: 2.279 million. Percent of the population: 18% (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (fixed-lines): total subscriptions: 16,983. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: less than 1 (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (mobile, cellular): total: 8.76 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 69 (July 2015 estimate)|
|Unemployment rate: N/A %||Nationality: Rwandan(s) adjective: Rwandan||National holidays: Independence Day, 1 July (1962)|
|Life expectancy at birth: total population: 60.1 years. Male: 58.5 years, female: 61.7 years (2016 estimate)||Total fertility rate: 4.46 children born / woman (2016 estimate)||Birthrate: 33.3 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate)|
|Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write. Total population: 70.5%; male: 73.2%, female: 68% (2015 estimate)||Legal system: mixed legal system of civil law, based on German and Belgian models, and customary law; judicial review of legislative acts in the Supreme Court||Suffrage: 18 years of age, universal|
|Industries: cement, agricultural products, small-scale beverages, soap, furniture, shoes, plastic goods, textiles, cigarettes||Industrial production growth rate: 6.9% (2016 estimate)||GDP real growth rate: 6% (2016 estimate) 6.9% (2015 estimate) 7% (2014 estimate)|
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