|Borderline map of Sudan||Location map of Sudan||Flag of Sudan|
Google maps and detailed facts of Sudan, (SD). This page enables you to explore Sudan and its border countries (Location: north-eastern Africa, bordering the Red Sea, between Egypt and Eritrea) through detailed Satellite imagery - fast and easy as never before Google maps.
Find comprehensive information below about this country in its diversity: geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government, and history - All in One Wiki page!
There is also Street View and free Driving Directions at your service. Your Google Satellite Map Sightseeing in Sudan, in Africa starts here at Driving Directions And Maps.com!
Sudan Google Map
The map below shows Sudan with its cities, towns, highways, main roads, streets and also providing Street Views. To find a location use the form below, type any city or place and to view, just a simple map click on the "Show Map" button.
The Google map above is showing Sudan with its location: Africa, (geographic coordinates: 15 00 N, 30 00 E) and the international borders of Sudan; total: 6,819 km. Border countries (total: 7): Central African Republic 174 km, Chad 1,403 km, Egypt 1,276 km, Eritrea 682 km, Ethiopia 744 km, Libya 382 km, South Sudan 2,158 km. Note: Sudan-South Sudan boundary represents 1 January 1956 alignment; final alignment pending negotiations and demarcation; final sovereignty status of Abyei region pending negotiations between Sudan and South Sudan furthermore its inland counties boundaries.
Hint: Have a look at the Street view in Sudan, or Africa. All you have to do is to drag and pull the little yellow man (named: Pegman) on the Google map above the desired location. After that whenever it is available (more than 50 countries in the world), blue stripes will appear to show the photos and details from Google’s regularly updated data image base.
The map of Sudan, Africa is informational use only. No representation is made or warranty given as to any map or its content by Driving Directions and Maps site. User assumes all risk of use of this Sudan Google map and facts/wiki.
About Sudan in detail
Where is Sudan?
Sudan, in case if you are looking on the map under the Coordinates 15 36 N 32 32 E otherwise in Africa, in north-eastern Africa, bordering the Red Sea, between Egypt and Eritrea.
What is the capital of Sudan?
The capital city of Sudan is: Khartoun.
What is the time in Khartoun?
It is 8 hours ahead of Washington DC during Standard Time, the timezone of Khartoun is: UTC+3.
What is the Internet code for Sudan?
The Top Level Domain (TLD) for Sudan is: .sd
What is the size of Sudan?
The territory of Sudan is total: 1,861,484 sq km; land: NAwater: NA.
If we want to describe the size of the territory of Sudan is slightly less than one-fifth the size of the US.
If we would like to walk around and discover Sudan, we can do that by covering the distance of total: 6,819 km.
What is the water coverage of Sudan?
We have mentioned already on this website, that what percentage of Sudan is covered by water (see below), and this includes 853 km coastline.
What is the climate like in Sudan?
The climate of Sudan is hot and dry: arid desert: rainy season varies by region (April to November).
Geographical data of Sudan
The elevation of Sudan; mean elevation: 568 m, elevation extremes; lowest point: Red Sea 0 m, highest point: Jabal Marrah 3,071 m.
The typical geographical details of Sudan include generally flat, featureless plain; desert dominates the north.
If we would like to describe the countries location from a different point of view, it is safe to say, and easy to read from a map, Sudan is dominated by the Nile and its tributaries.
Resources and land use of Sudan
The country’s main mined products are petroleum; small reserves of iron ore, copper, chromium ore, zinc, tungsten, mica, silver, gold; hydropower. The population partly uses the earlier highlighted land territory and partly left in its natural state: agricultural land: 100%; arable land 15.7%; permanent crops 0.2%; permanent pasture 84.2%; forest: 0%; other: 0% (2011 estimate).
Population data of Sudan
The number of inhabitants of Sudan is 36,729,501 (July 2016 estimate).
If we examine the proportion of population distribution, it is safe to say that with the exception of a ribbon of settlement that corresponds to the banks of the Nile, northern Sudan, which extends into the dry Sahara, is sparsely populated; more abundant vegetation and broader access to water increases population distribution in the south extending habitable range along nearly the entire border with South Sudan; sizeable areas of population are found around Khartoum, southeast between the Blue and White Nile Rivers, and througout South Darfur.
If we are looking at the proportion of the urbanized and barely populated areas, these are the figures: urban population: 33.8% of total population (2015).
Most of the population in Sudan is concentrated in KHARTOUM (capital) 5.129 million (2015).
Ethnicity in Sudan
According to ethnicity details, the ethnic groups in this country are the following: Sudanese Arab (approximately 70%), Fur, Beja, Nuba, Fallata.
Spoken languages in Sudan
The spoken languages in Sudan are the following: Arabic (official language), English (official language), Nubian, Ta Bedawie, Fur.
What are the most important religions in Sudan?
During the general census, researchers examine the churches, according to this: Sunni Muslim, small Christian minority.
Further population data of Sudan
The proportion of gender and age tells a lot about the society as follows 0-14 years: 39.43% (male 7,351,759 / female 7,130,224) 15-24 years: 20.77% (male 3,926,374 / female 3,703,826) 25-54 years: 32.42% (male 5,779,482 / female 6,129,213) 55-64 years: 4.12% (male 793,848 / female 721,075) 65 years and over: 3.25% (male 645,876 / female 547,824) (2016 estimate). It also a significant factor in a society the population growth rate, which in the case of Sudan is 1.69% (2016 estimate).
The population growth rate is based on two elements, the birth, and the death rate. In Sudan the birth rate is 28.5 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate), the death rate 7.5 deaths / 1,000 population (2016 estimate).
In this day and age in the developed societies, the first child borns later compared to the previous centuries and decades, so the childbearing is extended. In Sudan the average age of mothers at the first childbirth is .
In the best case scenario despite the fact that the birth of the children is postponed, the parents are still able to see their kids grow as the life expectancy is also extended. In the case of Sudan, these figures are . With the introduction of modern medicine, the vaccinations and the proper hygienic conditions, the infant mortality rate is in a steep decline. The infant mortality statistics in Sudan are the following: . Relevant data is the budget of healthcare, which is in the case of this country is 8.4% of GDP (2014).
Economic data of Sudan
If we would like to describe a country, we also have to mention its economy; Sudan has experienced protracted social conflict, civil war, and, in July 2011, the loss of three-quarters of its oil production due to the secession of South Sudan. The oil sector had driven much of Sudan's GDP growth since 1999. For nearly a decade, theSudan is also subject to comprehensive US sanctions. Sudan is attempting to develop non-oil sources of revenues, such as gold mining, while carrying out an austerity program to reduce expenditures. The world’s largest exporter of gum Arabic, Sudan produceSudan introduced a new currency, still called the Sudanese pound, following South Sudan's secession, but the value of the currency has fallen since its introduction. Khartoum devalued the currency in June 2012 and November 2016, in both cases to accompany.
GDP is an important figure as all the relevant calculations and statistics are based on it. GDP in Sudan is $94.3 billion (2015 estimate).
An another important indicator is the rate of the GDP growth, which in Sudan is 3.1% (2016 estimate) 4.9% (2015 estimate) 1.6% (2014 estimate).
These statistics are affecting the world economy, remember in 2015 when the Chinese real GDP growth rate was worse than expected; The world markets fall, and the Chinese stock exchange was temporally suspended.
A further major factor of a country’s economy, the GDP per capita. In Sudan this is $4,500 (2016 estimate) $4,500 (2015 estimate) $4,400 (2014 estimate).
In the case of the economy, the Trinity is in common places, such as agriculture, industry, and services.
What are the agricultural products Sudan produces?
The main agricultural products of Sudan are cotton, groundnuts (peanuts), sorghum, millet, wheat, gum Arabic, sugarcane, cassava (manioc, tapioca), mangoes, papaya, bananas, sweet potatoes, sesame seeds; animal feed, sheep and other livestock.
Regarding the economy, the important segments are oil, cotton ginning, textiles, cement, edible oils, sugar, soap distilling, shoes, petroleum refining, pharmaceuticals, armaments, automobile/light truck assembly, milling. The crucial and regularly mentioned GDP is based on oil, cotton ginning, textiles, cement, edible oils, sugar, soap distilling, shoes, petroleum refining, pharmaceuticals, armaments, automobile/light truck assembly, milling.
Drinking water source in Sudan
It is important to mention, that - thanks to the development of the infrastructure -, the rate of potable water improved: urban: 66% of population, rural: 50.2% of population, total: 55.5% of population. Unimproved: urban: 34% of population, rural: 49.8% of population, total: 44.5% of population (2012 estimate).
Average number of childbirth in Sudan
In Sudan the average number of childbirth is 3.68 children born / woman (2016 estimate).
Population, median age, migration, and citizenship in Sudan
The average age of the population is total: 19.6 years; male: 19.4 years, female: 19.9 years (2016 estimate). The age of adulthood varies in every country of the world in Sudan it is 17 years of age, universal.
In this age when we are experiencing an unprecedented scale of migration and globalization, it is an important factor the number of new coming immigrants. In Sudan is -4.2 migrant(s) / 1,000 population (2016 estimate). It is important to know, how to apply for citizenship: citizenship by birth: no. Citizenship by descent only: the father must be a citizen of Sudan. Dual citizenship recognized: no. Residency requirement for naturalization: 10 years.
Is Sudan a safe destination? Healthcare services and contagious diseases in Sudan
Many of the travelers are looking into the healthcare services and contagious diseases of their destinations. In Sudan density of the hospital beds is 0.8 beds / 1,000 population (2012).
According to WHO rating regarding contagious diseases in Sudan the degree of risk: very highfood or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fevervectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, and Rift Valley feverwater contact disease: schistosomiasisrespiratory disease: meningococcal meningitisanimal contact disease: rabies (2016).
However, the HIV is not curable but maintainable. Let’s do not forget when the disease surfaced it was a world threatening condition. Unfortunately, in some countries, it is still very high the number of infected patients and fatalities as a result of the disease.
In Sudan the number of HIV/AIDS deaths: .
Regarding tourism the obesity, not an important issue, but we have to mention among the health statistics, as it is the plague of the 20th and the 21st century. The rate obese adults in Sudan is 6.6% (2014).
What are the natural hazards Sudan? Is there any?
The most known natural risks in Sudan are dust storms and periodic persistent droughts.
More interesting facts about Sudan
A few words about the past, as every country and society its connected to its history; Military regimes favoring Islamic-oriented governments have dominated national politics since independence from Anglo-Egyptian co-rule in 1956. Sudan was embroiled in two prolonged civil wars during most of the remainder of the 20th century. These conflicts were rooted in northern economic, political, and social domination of largely non-Muslim, non-Arab southern Sudanese. The first civil war ended in 1972 but another broke out in 1983. Peace talks gained momentum in 2002-04 with the signing of several accords. The final North/South Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), signed in January 2005, granted the southern rebels autonomy for six years followed by a referendum on independence for Southern Sudan. The referendum was held in January 2011 and indicated overwhelming support for independence. South Sudan became independent on 9 July 2011. Sudan and South Sudan have yet to fully implement security and economic agreements signed in September 2012 relating to the normalization of relations between the two countries. The final disposition of the contested Abyei region has also to be decided.Since South Sudan's independence, conflict has broken out between the government and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement-North in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile states, which has resulted in 1.2 million internally displaced persons or severely affected persons needing humanitarian assistance. A separate conflict, which broke out in the western region of Darfur in 2003, displaced nearly two million people and caused an estimated 200,000 to 400,000 deaths. Violence in Darfur in 2013 resulted in an additional estimated 6,000 civilians killed and 500,000 displaced. The UN and the African Union have jointly commanded a Darfur peacekeeping operation known as the African Union-United Nations Hybrid Mission in Darfur (UNAMID) since 2007. Peacekeeping troops have struggled to stabilize the situation and have increasingly become targets for attacks by armed groups. Sudan also has faced refugee influxes from neighboring countries, primarily Ethiopia, Eritrea, Chad, Central African Republic, and South Sudan. Armed conflict, poor transport infrastructure, and government denial of access have impeded the provision of humanitarian assistance to affected populations..
In every nation's memory, there are cornerstones that placed the country on the timeline of history. The date of declaration of independence of Sudan: 1 January 1956 (from Egypt and the UK).
The flag and other symbols of Sudan
The colors, symbols, and animals on the flag usually have a historical background or related to an important milestone or memory of the nation.
This case is not an exception either, three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and black with a green isosceles triangle based on the hoist side; colors and design based on the Arab Revolt flag of World War I, but the meanings of the colors are expressed as follows: red signifies the struggle for freedom, white is the color of peace, light, and love, black represents the people of Sudan (in Arabic 'Sudan' means black), green is the color of Islam, agriculture, and prosperity.
Apart from the flag, the symbol of the national unity is the national anthem. The main purpose of the anthem is to share the nation's core values, endeavors, and the patriotic feelings.
National symbols of Sudan: secretary bird; national colors: red, white, black, green.
Constitution of Sudan
The existence of the nation based on the constitution. Some constitutions knew around the world, like the U.S. Constitution that accepted on 17th of September 1787, in Philadelphia, the Constitution of United States of America.
It is not related to the declaration of independence that was stolen by Nicolas Cage in the movie National Treasure 🙂
What is the legal system of Sudan?
Most of the times the legal system of a country is in the focus of lawyers. It is a common fact that there are two main approaches in the world, “the law in books” and “the law in action.”
In the Anglo-Saxon world, the practice is the “law in action” while in the rest of the world where the law based on Roman law, the “law in books.”
The legal system of Sudan is mixed legal system of Islamic law and English common law.
It was Aristotle, who founded the theory of 3 separations of powers. In his view, these are the council of public affairs, the magistrates, and the justice system. In the age of enlightenment was the time when terminologies have been defined, the way we still use them. In most of the democratic countries, the three authorities are separated from each other. In dictatorships, the authorities are usually interwoven in one hand.
About the legislative branch of Sudan, we can highlight the following structures bicameral National Legislature consists of the Council of States or Majlis al-Wilayat (50 seats; members indirectly elected - 2 each by the 25 state legislatures to serve 6-year terms) and the National Assembly or Majlis Watani (426 seats; 213 members directly elected in single-seat constituencies by simple majority vote, 128 for women only directly elected by proportional representation vote, and 85 directly elected by proportional representation vote; members serve 6-year terms)elections: last held on 13-15 April 2015 (next to be held in 2021)election results: National Assembly - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - NCP 323, DUP 25, Democratic Unionist Party 15, other 44, independent 19note: the mandate of the members from the south was terminated upon independence by the Republic of South Sudan effective 9 July 2011 and membership in Sudan's National Assembly was reduced to 354; it is unclear whether this total will be retained for the next election or whether the previous total of 450 will be reconstituted.
About the unemployment rate, labor force, and poverty line in Sudan
One of the major problems of the 21st-century economy is the unemployment. Governments are struggling to maintain a low level of the unemployment rate, but as a result of automation, the cheap 3rd world labor and the outsourcing of workflow, these attempts are failing. In Sudan the labor force is 11.92 million (2007 estimate). Please bear in mind that the population in Sudan is total: 50.2 deaths / 1,000 live births; male: 55.4 deaths / 1,000 live births, female: 44.6 deaths / 1,000 live births (2016 estimate) - as we already mentioned above.
The rate of unemployment in Sudan is 13.6% (2014 estimate).
It is widely known that the gap between the rich and poor is widening on an enormous scale.
According to the 2017 shocking Oxfam report, the richest eight people’s fortune is equal to the fortune of the poorest half of the world's population.
In Sudan, the income of the households and consumption compared to the entire population: lowest 10%: 2.7% highhest 10%: 26.7% (2009 estimate).
Another widely used indicator is the so-called GINI index, which measures the inequalities of statistical dispersion, but mainly used for measuring the sharing of income and fortune.
The GINI index is named after its founder Corrado Gini an Italian economist. Gini index has grades between 0-1, but often it is used on a percentage basis. It is 0 if the examined criteria territorial distribution is equal. It is one if the criteria is concentrated on the territory. In Sudan the GINI index is N/A.
The states usually set up a poverty line, which is more or less is a subjective measure. It varies by country its base is often the minimum pension, the incomes of the poorest 20 percent, the X percent of income per capita Etc.
In Sudan the people living under the poverty line is lowest 10%: 2.7% highhest 10%: 26.7% (2009 estimate).
About the budget and central governments debt of Sudan
Available budget mainly defines the state's economy. The budget of Sudan is; revenues: $7.301 billion, expenditures: $11.28 billion (2016 estimate). Taxes and other revenues are 7.7% of GDP (2016 estimate).
The budget deficit (Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)) is .
The fiscal year in Sudan is calendar year.
In country’s economy, we have to consider the public debt. Public debt is the consolidated sum of the state local, federal and central governments debt.
Inflation rate and prime lending rate in Sudan
A few further interesting and important economic data are the fallowing; Inflation rate: 17.6% (2016 estimate), 17.3% (2015 estimate) and the rate of the Commercial bank prime lending rate: N/A.
Export/import partners and data of Sudan
Sudan, with the export of products, industrial tools, and other services, generates revenue. The export value in Sudan is: $3.703 billion (2016 estimate), $3.169 billion (2015 estimate). The total revenue of these activities: gold; oil and petroleum products; cotton, sesame, livestock, peanuts, gum Arabic, sugar.
The most important imported products are: foodstuffs, manufactured goods, refinery and transport equipment, medicines, chemicals, textiles, wheat, and the countries from where the import is coming: China 26.4%, UAE 10.1%, India 9.1%, Egypt 5.6%, Turkey 4.7%, Saudi Arabia 4.4% (2015).
Renewable energies used in Sudan
As an attempt to suppress the pollution of the environment, renewable energies has to replace the fossil energy. The more the proportion of renewable energies in a country means more effort against the pollution. Sudan, the indicator of how much of country’s produced energy is coming from hydroelectric source is 66.3% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
To indicate how much another renewable energy is produced is the 3% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
Telecommunication data of Sudan, calling code
To maintain the economy, the development of a reliable and modern telecommunications infrastructure is crucial. We can say the following about Sudan; well-equipped system by regional standards and being upgraded; cellular communications started in 1996 and have expanded substantially with wide coverage of most major citiesdomestic: consists of microwave radio relay, cable, fiber optic, radiotelephone communications, tropospheric scatter, and a domestic satellite system with 14 earth stationsinternational: country code - 249; linked to the EASSy and FLAG fiber-optic submarine cable systems; satellite earth stations - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean), 1 Arabsat (2010).
Transport infrastructure in Sudan
In the 21st century, we often say that the world has become small and there are no distances anymore. With widespread air travel when (sometimes) there are no visa restrictions, it is easy to reach other countries, but in case the distance is not too long, we can also use railway or water transportation.
The number of airports in Sudan: 74 (2013), and the number of heliports: 6 (2013).
The total length of the roadways in Sudan: total: 11,900 km, paved: 4,320 km, unpaved: 7,580 km (2000).
The total length of the waterways in Sudan: 4,068 km (1,723 km open year round on White and Blue Nile Rivers) (2011).
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Facts about Sudan
Name of the country: conventional long form: Republic of the Sudan, conventional short form: Sudan, local long form: Jumhuriyat as-Sudan, local short form: As-Sudan, former: Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, etymology: the name "Sudan" derives from the Arabic "bilad-as-sudan" meaning "Land of the black [peoples]".
|Abbrevation: Sudan||Geographic coordinates:
15 00 N, 30 00 E
|Capital of Sudan: Khartoun||GPS of the Capital:
15 36 N 32 32 E
|Position: north-eastern Africa, bordering the Red Sea, between Egypt and Eritrea|
|Land area: total: 1,861,484 sq km; land: NAwater: NA||Terrain: generally flat, featureless plain; desert dominates the north
||Area comparative: slightly less than one-fifth the size of the US|
|Population: 36,729,501 (July 2016 estimate)||Population grow rate: 1.69% (2016 estimate)||Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s) / female, 0-14 years: 1.03 male(s) / female, 15-24 years: 1.06 male(s) / female, 25-54 years: 0.94 male(s) / female, 55-64 years: 1.1 male(s) / female, 65 years and over: 1.19 male(s) / female, total population: 1.02 male(s) / female, (2016 estimate)|
|Exports: $3.703 billion (2016 estimate), $3.169 billion (2015 estimate)||Imports: $9.345 billion (2016 estimate), $8.368 billion (2015 estimate)||Import partners: China 26.4%, UAE 10.1%, India 9.1%, Egypt 5.6%, Turkey 4.7%, Saudi Arabia 4.4% (2015)|
|Urbanization: urban population: 33.8% of total population (2015)||Major urban area(s): KHARTOUM (capital) 5.129 million (2015)||Median age: total: 19.6 years; male: 19.4 years, female: 19.9 years (2016 estimate)
|Internet users: total: 9.61 million. Percent of population: 26.6% (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (fixed lines): total subscriptions: 118,954. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: less than 1 (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (mobile, cellular): total: 27.939 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 77 (July 2015 estimate)|
|Unemployment rate: 13.6% (2014 estimate)||Nationality: Sudanese (singular and plural) adjective: Sudanese||National holidays: Independence Day, 1 January (1956)|
|Life expectancy at birth: total population: 64.1 years. Male: 62 years, female: 66.3 years (2016 estimate)||Total fertility rate: 3.68 children born / woman (2016 estimate)||Birthrate: 28.5 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate)|
|Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write. Total population: 75.9%; male: 83.3%, female: 68.6% (2015 estimate)||Legal system: mixed legal system of Islamic law and English common law||Suffrage: 17 years of age, universal|
|Industries: oil, cotton ginning, textiles, cement, edible oils, sugar, soap distilling, shoes, petroleum refining, pharmaceuticals, armaments, automobile/light truck assembly, milling||Industrial production growth rate: 2.5% (2016 estimate)||GDP real growth rate: 3.1% (2016 estimate) 4.9% (2015 estimate) 1.6% (2014 estimate)|
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