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Botswana

Driving Directions Botswana

BOTSWANA is a landlocked republic in southern Africa which strad­dles the Tropic of Capricorn. Botswana surrounded by South Africa to the south and east, Namibia to the west, Zimbabwe to the northeast and just meet in a point with Zambia west of the Victoria Falls. Much of the west and southwest of the country forms part of the Kalahari Desert. In the north, there is a huge area of marshland around the Okavango Delta, which is home to a wide variety of wildlife. East and south of the delta are the Makgadikgadi Salt Pans.


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The bulk of the population lives in the south and east of the country. Except for the desert area, most of the country has a subtropical climate, but it is subject to drought. In winter, days are warm and nights cold while summer is hot with sporadic rainfall. The climate also has a stranglehold on agriculture with recent droughts making the already difficult nomadic mode of agriculture virtu­ally impossible.

Cattle were previously a mainstay of the country's export earnings, but in common with many other African countries, mining has come to the fore with the extraction of diamonds, copper, coal, platinum, oil, and gold among the country’s growing mineral wealth.

Botswana is the largest supplier of diamonds in the world. Exploitation of these mineral resources has facilitated a high rate of economic growth within the country. Coal also mined, but the majority is for domestic use. About 17 percent of Botswana is set aside for wildlife preser­vation in national parks, game reserves, game sanctuaries, and controlled hunting areas but much is dependent upon good seasonal rains.

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