THE UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND (UK) is situated in northwest Europe and comprises England, Wales, Scotland, and the six counties of Northern Ireland. The latter is a historical and political entity rather than a geographical one.
Also belonging to the United Kingdom are several hundred islands, many of them off the Scottish coast, and some are large and inhabited. In contrast, others are little more than rocky outcrops battered by stormy seas.
Driving Directions Ukraine
UKRAINE, formerly a Soviet socialist republic, declared itself independent of the former USSR in 1991. An eastern European country shares borders with Moldova, Hungary, Slovakia, Poland, Belarus, and Russia. Within Europe, it is surpassed in size only by Russia. The Crimean Peninsula in the south (Crimea), which borders the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov, has been an autonomous region within Ukraine between 1996-2014. Russian forces seized Crimea by force in 2014. Russia then annexed Crimea in 2014 following a referendum, and administers it as two federal subjects of Russia, and claimed it to be “fully integrated” in July 2015.
Driving Directions Turkey
TURKEY spans the continents of Europe and Asia and guards the sea passage between the Mediterranean Sea and the Black Sea. The modern Republic of Turkey came into being in 1923 following the collapse of the Ottoman Empire and the Turkish War of Independence (1918-23).
Driving Directions Switzerland
SWITZERLAND is a landlocked country in central Europe, sharing its borders with France, Italy, Austria, Liechtenstein, and Germany. It is dominated by the Alps, which occupy over 60 percent of the total land area.
A second lower mountain range, the Jura Mountains, occurs in the west of the country. These two leading east-west mountain chains divided by the Rhine and Rhone rivers, and between them lies a plateau region at the height of about 396 meters or 1,300 feet above sea level.
Driving Directions Sweden
The highest mountains are in the north of the country, with Mount Kebhekaise (2,111 meters or 6,926 feet) reaching the most significant elevation. Glaciers occur at some of the higher levels.
Driving Directions Spain
SPAIN is located in southwest Europe and occupies the more significant part of the Iberian Peninsula, which it shares with Portugal. It includes the Balearic Islands (Islas Baleares) in the Mediterranean Sea, the Canary Islands (Islas Canarias) in the Atlantic Ocean, and the enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla on the coast of Morocco in North Africa.
Driving Directions Slovenia
SLOVENIA is a small republic that, before 1991, was part of the former Yugoslavia. It is a mountainous country, bounded by Croatia in the southwest, Hungary in the east, Austria in the north and Italy in the west. Slovenia also has a short stretch of coastline (45 kilometers or 28 miles) bordering the Adriatic Sea, where the port of Koper located.
Driving Directions Slovakia
SLOVAKIA is a small, landlocked central European republic that came into being like a newly independent nation in January 1993, following the dissolution of the 74-year-old Federal Republic of Czechoslovakia. It shares its borders with the Czech Republic to the northwest, Austria to the west, Hungary to the south, Poland to the north and Ukraine to the east.
Driving Directions San Marino
SAN MARINO is a tiny landlocked republic in central Italy, lying in the eastern foothills of the Apennine Mountains. It is one of two small, independent enclaves (the Vatican City being the other), surrounded by the country of Italy, which had survived from the time when the region consisted of autonomous city-states. Given the turbulent history of Italy and the fact that the larger, more powerful states tended to swallow up the smaller ones, San Marino’s survival is truly remarkable.