Bosnia and Herzegovina Google Map

Google maps and detailed facts of Bosnia and Herzegovina (BA). This page lets you explore Bosnia and Herzegovina and its border countries (Country Location: Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea and Croatia) through detailed Satellite imagery – fast and easy as never before Google maps.

Find comprehensive information below about this country in its diversity: Google maps, geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government, and history – All in One Wiki page.

There is also Street View and free Driving Directions at your service. Your Google Satellite Map Sightseeing in Bosnia and Herzegovina, in Europe, starts here at Driving Directions and

Bosnia and Herzegovina Google Maps & Satellite Maps

Perched in the highlands of southeast Europe, Bosnia and Herzegovina focused on the bitter ethnic conflict that accompanied the early 1990s dissolution of the Yugoslav state. Hills and mountains, with narrow river valleys. Lowlands in the north. Mainly deciduous forest covers about half of the total area.

The map below shows Bosnia and Herzegovina with its cities, towns, highways, main roads, streets, and Street Views. To find a location, use the form below, type any city or place, view just a simple map, and click on the “show map” button.

The Google map above shows Bosnia and Herzegovina with its location: Europe (geographic coordinates: 44 00 N, 18 00 E) and Bosnia and Herzegovina; total: 1,543 km. Border countries (total: 3): Croatia 956 km, Montenegro 242 km, Serbia 345 km; furthermore, it’s inland counties boundaries.

Hint: Look at the Street view in Bosnia and Herzegovina or Europe. All you have to do is drag and pull the little yellow man (named: Pegman) on the Google map above the desired location. After that, whenever it is available (in more than 50 countries globally), blue stripes will appear to show the photos and details from Google’s regularly updated data image base. If you have signed in to your Google account currently, you may have a look at the satellite map of this country/area as well.

The map of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Europe, is for informational use only. No representation is made or warrantied given any map or its content by Driving Directions and Maps site. The user assumes all risks of using this Bosnia and Herzegovina Google map and facts/wiki.

About Bosnia and Herzegovina in detail

Borderline map of Bosnia and HerzegovinaLocation map of Bosnia and HerzegovinaFlag of Bosnia and Herzegovina
This image shows the draft map of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Europe. For more details of the map of Bosnia and Herzegovina, please see this page below.This image shows the location of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Europe. For more geographical details of Bosnia and Herzegovina, please see this page below.This image shows the flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Europe. For more details of the flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina, please see this page below.
Overview of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Where are Bosnia and Herzegovina?

In case you are looking on the map under the Coordinates 43 52 N 18 25 E otherwise in Europe, Bosnia and Herzegovina, in southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea and Croatia.

What is the capital city of Bosnia and Herzegovina?

The capital city of Bosnia and Herzegovina is Sarajevo.

What is the time in Sarajevo?

It is 6 hours ahead of Washington, D.C., during Standard Time; the timezone of Sarajevo is UTC+1.

What is the Internet code for Bosnia and Herzegovina?

The Top Level Domain (TLD) for Bosnia and Herzegovina is: .ba

What is the size of Bosnia and Herzegovina?

The territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina is a total: 51,197 sq km; land: 51,187 sq km; water: 10 sq km.

If we want to describe the size of Bosnia’s territory and Herzegovina is somewhat smaller than West Virginia.

If we would like to walk around and discover Bosnia and Herzegovina, we can cover a total distance: 1,543 km.

What is the water coverage of Bosnia and Herzegovina?

We have already mentioned the percentage of Bosnia and Herzegovina covered by water (see below), including a 20 km coastline.

What is the climate like in Bosnia and Herzegovina?

Bosnia and Herzegovina’s climate is hot summers and cold winters: high elevation areas have short, cool summers and long, severe winters: mild, rainy winters along the coast.

Geographical data of Bosnia and Herzegovina

The elevation of Bosnia and Herzegovina; mean elevation: 500 m, elevation extremes; lowest point: the Adriatic Sea 0 m, highest point: Maglic 2,386 m.

The specific geographical details of Bosnia and Herzegovina include mountains and valleys.

Suppose we would like to describe the countries location from a different perspective. In that case, it is safe to say, and easy to read from a map, Bosnia and Herzegovina is within Bosnia and Herzegovina’s recognized borders, the country is divided into a joint Bosniak/Croat Federation (about 51% of the territory) and the Bosnian Serb-led Republika Srpska or RS (about 49% of the territory); the region called Herzegovina is contiguous to Croatia and Montenegro, and traditionally has been settled by an ethnic Croat majority in the west and an ethnic Serb majority in the east.

Resources and land use of Bosnia and Herzegovina

The country’s main mined products are coal, iron ore, bauxite, copper, lead, zinc, chromite, cobalt, manganese, nickel, clay, gypsum, salt, sand, timber, hydropower. The population partly uses the earlier highlighted land territory and partly left in its natural state: agricultural land: 42.2%; arable land 19.7%; permanent crops 2%; permanent pasture 20.5%; forest: 42.8%; other: 15% (2011 estimate).

Population data of Bosnia and Herzegovina

The number of inhabitants of Bosnia and Herzegovina is 3,861,912 (July 2016 estimate).

If we examine the population distribution proportion, it is safe to say that the country’s northern and central areas are densely populated.

If we look at the proportion of the urbanized and barely populated areas, these are the urban population: 39.8% of the total population (2015).

Most of Bosnia and Herzegovina’s population is concentrated in SARAJEVO (capital) 318,000 (2015).

Ethnicity in Bosnia and Herzegovina

According to ethnicity details, the ethnic groups are Bosniak 50.1%, Serb 30.8%, Croat 15.4%, other 2.7%, not declared/no answer 1%note: the methodology remains disputed, and Republika Srpska authorities refuse to recognize the results; Bosniak has replaced Muslim as an ethnic term in part to avoid confusion with the religious term Muslim – an adherent of Islam (2013 estimate).

Spoken languages in Bosnia and Herzegovina

The spoken languages in Bosnia and Herzegovina are the following: Bosnian (official language) 52.9%, Serbian (official language) 30.8%, Croatian (official language) 14.6%, other 1.6%, no answer 0.2% (2013 estimate).

What are the most important religions in Bosnia and Herzegovina?

During the general census, researchers examine the churches, according to this: Muslim 50.7%, Orthodox 30.7%, Roman Catholic 15.2%, atheist 0.8%, agnostic 0.3%, other 1.2%, undeclared/no answer 1.1% (2013 estimate).

Further population data of Bosnia and Herzegovina

The proportion of gender and age tells a lot about the society as follows 0-14 years: 13.36% (male 266,389 / female 249,425) 15-24 years: 11.97% (male 238,682 / female 223,599) 25-54 years: 46.2% (male 896,760 / female 887,407) 55-64 years: 14.43% (male 267,628 / female 289,464) 65 years and over: 14.05% (male 212,574 / female 329,984) (2016 estimate). It also a significant factor in a society the population growth rate, which in the case of Bosnia and Herzegovina is -0.14% (2016 estimate).

The population growth rate is based on two elements, birth and the death rate. In Bosnia and Herzegovina the birth rate is 8.8 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate), the death rate 9.9 deaths / 1,000 population (2016 estimate).

In this day and age in developed societies, the first child borns later compared to the previous centuries and decades, so childbearing is extended. In Bosnia and Herzegovina, the average age of mothers at the first childbirth is N/A.

Although the children’s birth is postponed in the best-case scenario, the parents can still see their kids grow as life expectancy also extended. In the case of Bosnia and Herzegovina, these figures are. With the introduction of modern medicine, vaccinations, and proper hygienic conditions, the infant mortality rate is in a steep decline. The infant mortality statistics in Bosnia and Herzegovina are the following: N/A. Relevant data is the budget of healthcare, which is in the case of this country, is 9.6% of GDP (2014).

Economic data of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Suppose we would like to describe a country; we also have to mention its economy; Bosnia has a transitional economy with limited market reforms. The economy relies heavily on the export of metals, energy, textiles, furniture, remittances, and foreign aid. Interethnic warfare in Bosnia and Herzegovina caused production to plummet by 80% from 1992 to 1995 and soar unemployment. Still, the economy made progress until 2008, when the global economic crisis caused a downturn. Bosnia and Herzegovina became a fullBosnia’s private sector, growing slowly, but foreign investment has dropped sharply since 2007. High unemployment remains the most serious macroeconomic problem. Successful implementation of a value-added tax in 2006 provided a steady revenue source of revenue. Bosnia and Herzegovina’s top economic priorities are accelerating integration into the EU, strengthening the fiscal system, and public administration reform.

GDP is a prominent figure, as all the relevant calculations and statistics are based on it. GDP in Bosnia and Herzegovina is $16.53 billion (2015 estimate).

Another important indicator is the rate of GDP growth, which in Bosnia and Herzegovina is 3% (2016 estimate), 3.2% (2015 estimate) 1.1% (2014 estimate).

These statistics affect the world economy; remember, in 2015, the Chinese real GDP growth rate was worse than expected; The world markets fall, and the Chinese stock exchange is temporally suspended.

A further major factor of a country’s economy, the GDP per capita. In Bosnia and Herzegovina this is $11,000 (2016 estimate) $10,700 (2015 estimate) $10,300 (2014 estimate).

The Trinity is in common places in the economy, such as agriculture, industry, and services.

What are the agricultural products Bosnia and Herzegovina produces?

The main agricultural products of Bosnia and Herzegovina are wheat, corn, fruits, vegetables, livestock.

The essential segments are steel, coal, iron ore, lead, zinc, manganese, bauxite, aluminum, motor vehicle assembly, textiles, tobacco products, wooden furniture, ammunition, domestic appliances, oil refining. The crucial and regularly mentioned GDP is based on steel, coal, iron ore, lead, zinc, manganese, bauxite, aluminum, motor vehicle assembly, textiles, tobacco products, wooden furniture, ammunition, domestic appliances, oil refining.

Drinking water source in Bosnia and Herzegovina

It is essential to mention that – thanks to the development of the infrastructure -, the rate of potable water improved: urban: 99.7% of the population, rural: 100% of the population, total: 99.9% of the population. Unimproved: urban: 0.3% of the population, rural: 0% of the population, total: 0.1% of the population (2015 estimate).

The average number of childbirth in Bosnia and Herzegovina

In Bosnia and Herzegovina, the average delivery number is 1.28 children born / woman (2016 estimate).

Population, median age, migration, and citizenship in Bosnia and Herzegovina

The population’s average age is 41.7 years; male: 40.2 years, female: 43.1 years (2016 estimate). The age of adulthood varies in every country of the world. In Bosnia and Herzegovina, it is 18 years of age, 16 if employed, universal.

When we are experiencing an unprecedented scale of migration and globalization, it is an important factor in the number of new immigrants. In Bosnia and Herzegovina is -0.4 migrant(s) / 1,000 population (2016 estimate). It is important to know how to apply for citizenship: citizenship by birth: no. Citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Dual citizenship recognized: yes, provided there is a bilateral agreement with the other state residency requirement for naturalization: 8 years.

Are Bosnia and Herzegovina safe destinations? Healthcare services and infectious diseases in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Many of the travelers are looking into the healthcare services and infectious diseases of their destinations. In Bosnia and Herzegovina, the hospital beds’ density is 3.5 beds / 1,000 population (2010).

According to the WHO rating regarding contagious diseases in Bosnia and Herzegovina, N/A.

However, HIV is not curable but maintainable. Let’s do not forget when the disease surfaced, it was a world-threatening condition. Unfortunately, in some countries, it is still very high the number of infected patients and fatalities due to the disease.
In Bosnia and Herzegovina, the number of HIV/AIDS deaths: N/A.

Regarding tourism obesity, not an important issue, but we have to mention health statistics, as it is the plague of the 20th and the 21st century. The rate of obese adults in Bosnia and Herzegovina is 19.2% (2014).

What are the natural hazards in Bosnia and Herzegovina? Is there any?

The most known natural risk in Bosnia and Herzegovina are destructive earthquakes.

More interesting facts about Bosnia and Herzegovina

Like every country and society, a few words about the past are connected to its history; Bosnia and Herzegovina declared sovereignty in October 1991 and independence from the former Yugoslavia on 3 March 1992 referendum boycotted by ethnic Serbs. The Bosnian Serbs – supported by neighboring Serbia and Montenegro – responded with armed resistance to partition the republic along ethnic lines and join Serb-held areas to form a “Greater Serbia.” In March 1994, Bosniaks and Croats reduced the number of warring factions from three to two by signing an agreement creating a joint Bosniak-Croat Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. On 21 November 1995, in Dayton, Ohio, the warring parties initialed a peace agreement that ended three years of interethnic civil strife (the final agreement was signed in Paris on 14 December 1995). The Dayton Peace Accords retained Bosnia and Herzegovina’s international boundaries and created a multiethnic and democratic government charged with conducting foreign, diplomatic, and fiscal policy. Also recognized was a second tier of government composed of roughly equal in size: the predominantly Bosniak-Bosnian Croat Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the predominantly Bosnian Serb-led Republika Srpska (RS). The Federation and RS governments are responsible for overseeing most government functions.

Additionally, the Dayton Accords established the Office of the High Representative to oversee the implementation of the agreement’s civilian aspects. The Peace Implementation Council at its conference in Bonn in 1997 also gave the High Representative the authority to impose legislation and remove officials, the so-called “Bonn Powers.” An original NATO-led international peacekeeping force (IFOR) of 60,000 troops assembled in 1995 was succeeded over time by a smaller, NATO-led Stabilization Force (SFOR). In 2004, European Union peacekeeping troops (EUFOR) replaced SFOR. Currently, EUFOR deploys around 600 troops in the theater in security assistance and training capacity.

In every nation’s memory, some cornerstones placed the country on the timeline of history. The declaration of independence of Bosnia and Herzegovina: 1 March 1992 (from Yugoslavia); note – referendum for independence completed on 1 March 1992; independence declared on 3 March 1992.

The flag and other symbols of Bosnia and Herzegovina

The colors, symbols, and animals on the flag usually have a historical background or an important milestone or memory of the nation.

This case is not an exception either; a wide medium blue vertical band on the fly side with a yellow isosceles triangle abutting the band and the top of the flag; the remainder of the flag is medium blue with seven full five-pointed white stars and two half stars top and bottom along the hypotenuse of the triangle; the triangle approximates the shape of the country, and its three points stand for the constituent peoples – Bosniaks, Croats, and Serbs; the stars represent Europe and are meant to be continuous (thus the half stars at top and bottom); the colors (white, blue, and yellow) are often associated with neutrality and peace, and traditionally are linked with Bosnia. Note: one of several flags where a prominent component of the design reflects the country’s shape; other such flags are Brazil, Eritrea, and Vanuatu.

Apart from the flag, the symbol of national unity is the national anthem. The anthem’s primary purpose is to share the nation’s core values, endeavors, and patriotic feelings.

National symbols of Bosnia and Herzegovina: golden lily; national colors: blue, yellow, white.

Constitution of Bosnia and Herzegovina

The existence of the nation is based on the constitution. Some constitutions knew worldwide, like the U.S. Constitution accepted on the 17th of September 1787, in Philadelphia, the United States of America’s Constitution.

It is not related to the declaration of independence that Nicolas Cage stole in the movie National Treasure 🙂

What is the legal system of Bosnia and Herzegovina?

Most of the time, the legal system of a country is the focus of lawyers. It is a common fact that there are two main approaches in the world, “the law in books” and “the law in action.”

In the Anglo-Saxon world, the practice is the “law in action,” while in the rest of the world, the law is based on Roman law, the “law in books.”

Bosnia and Herzegovina’s legal system is a civil law system; Constitutional Court review of legislative acts.

It was Aristotle who founded the Theory of 3 separations of powers. In his view, these are the council of public affairs, the magistrates, and the justice system. The age of enlightenment was the time when terminologies have defined the way we still use them. In most democratic countries, the three authorities separated from each other. In dictatorships, the rules usually interweaved in one hand.

About the legislative branch of Bosnia and Herzegovina, we can highlight the following structures bicameral Parliamentary Assembly or Skupstina consists of the House of Peoples or Dom Naroda (15 seats – 5 Bosniak, 5 Croat, 5 Serb; members designated by the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina’s House of Peoples and the Republika Srpska’s National Assembly to serve 4-year terms) and the state-level House of Representatives or Predstavnicki Dom (42 seats to include 28 seats allocated to the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and 14 to the Republika Srpska; members directly elected by proportional representation vote to serve 4-year terms); note – the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina has a bicameral legislature that consists of the House of Peoples (58 seats – 17 Bosniak, 17 Croat, 17 Serb, 7 other) and the House of Representatives (98 seats; members directly elected by proportional representation vote to serve 4-year terms); Republika Srpska’s unicameral legislature is the National Assembly (83 directly elected delegates serve 4-year terms).

About the unemployment rate, labor force, and poverty line in Bosnia and Herzegovina

One of the major problems of the 21st-century economy is unemployment. Governments are struggling to maintain a low level of unemployment rate. Still, due to automation, the cheap 3rd world labor, and the outsourcing of workflow, these attempts fail. In Bosnia and Herzegovina, the labor force is 1.48 million (2016 estimate). Please bear in mind that the population in Bosnia and Herzegovina is total: 5.6 deaths / 1,000 live births; male: 5.7 deaths / 1,000 live births, female: 5.5 deaths / 1,000 live births (2016 estimate) – as we already mentioned above.

The rate of unemployment in Bosnia and Herzegovina is 43.2% (2015 estimate).

Widely known that the gap between the rich and poor is widening on an enormous scale.

According to the 2017 shocking Oxfam report, the most affluent eight people’s fortune is equal to the wealth of the poorest half of the world’s population.

In Bosnia and Herzegovina, the households’ income and consumption compared to the entire population: lowest 10%: 2.7% highest 10%: 27.3% (2007).

Another widely used indicator is the so-called GINI index, which measures the inequalities of statistical dispersion, but is mainly used for measuring the sharing of income and fortune.

The GINI index was named after its founder Corrado Gini, an Italian economist. Gini index has grades between 0-1, but often it is used on a percentage basis. It is 0 if the examined criteria territorial distribution is equal. It is one of the criteria concentrated on the territory. In Bosnia and Herzegovina, the GINI index is .36,2 (2007).

The states usually set up a poverty line, which is more or less, is a subjective measure. It varies by country; its base is often the minimum pension, the most deficient 20 percent, the X percent of income per capita, etc.

In Bosnia and Herzegovina, the poverty line people are the lowest 10%: 2.7% highest 10%: 27.3% (2007).

About the budget and central governments debt of Bosnia and Herzegovina

The available budget mainly defines the state’s economy. Bosnia and Herzegovina’s budget is; revenues: $7.681 billion, expenditures: $7.975 billion (2016 estimate). Taxes and other revenues are 46.5% of GDP (2016 estimate).

The budget deficit (Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)) is N/A.

The fiscal year in Bosnia and Herzegovina is the calendar year.

In the country’s economy, we have to consider the public debt. Public debt is the consolidated sum of the state’s local, federal, and central government debt.

Inflation rate and prime lending rate in Bosnia and Herzegovina

A few further interesting and relevant economic data are the following; Inflation rate: -0.8% (2016 estimate), -1% (2015 estimate), and the rate of the Commercial bank prime lending rate: 5% (31 December 2016 estimate).

Export/import partners and data of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina, with the export of products, industrial tools, and other services, generate revenue. Bosnia and Herzegovina’s export value is $3.93 billion (2016 estimate), $3.95 billion (2015 estimate). The total revenue of these activities: metals, clothing, wood products.

The most important export partners of Bosnia and Herzegovina are Slovenia 16.5%, Italy 15.9%, Germany 12.1%, Croatia 11.5%, Austria 11.1%, Turkey 5.2% (2015).

The most important imported products are machinery and equipment, chemicals, fuels, foodstuffs, and the countries from where the import is coming: Croatia 19.3%, Germany 13.9%, Slovenia 13.8%, Italy 10.9%, Austria 5.7%, Hungary 5.2%, Turkey 4.5% (2015).

Renewable energies used in Bosnia and Herzegovina

To suppress the pollution of the environment, renewable energies have to replace fossil energy. The more the proportion of renewable energies in a country means more effort against the pollution. Bosnia and Herzegovina indicate how much of the country’s produced energy comes from the hydroelectric source, which is 43.6% of total installed capacity (2013 estimate).

To indicate how much another renewable energy produced is 1.5% of total installed capacity (2013 estimate).

Telecommunication data of Bosnia and Herzegovina, calling code

To maintain the economy, the development of a reliable and modern telecommunications infrastructure is crucial. We can say the following about Bosnia and Herzegovina; post-war reconstruction of the telecommunications network, aided by an internationally sponsored program, resulted in sharp increases in fixed-line telephone availability. Domestic: fixed-line teledensity roughly 20 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular subscribership has been increasing rapidly and stands at approximately 90 telephones per 100 persons International: country code – 387; no satellite earth stations (2015).

Transport infrastructure in Bosnia and Herzegovina

In the 21st century, we often say that the world has become small and there are no distances anymore. With widespread air travel when (sometimes) there are no visa restrictions, it is easy to reach other countries, but if the distance is not too long, we can also use railway or water transportation.

The number of airports in Bosnia and Herzegovina: 24 (2013), and the number of heliports: 6 (2013).

The total length of the roadways in Bosnia and Herzegovina: 22,926 km, paved: 19,426 km (4,652 km of interurban roads), unpaved: 3,500 km (2010).

The waterways’ total length in Bosnia and Herzegovina: (Sava River on the northern border; open to shipping but use limited) (2011).

Facts & data about Bosnia and Herzegovina

Name of the country: conventional long way: none, traditional short form: Bosnia and Herzegovina, local long form: none, local short state: Bosna i Hercegovina, former: The people’s Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovinaabbreviation: BiH, etymology: the larger northern territory is named for the Bosna River; the smaller southern section takes its name from the German word “herzog,” meaning “duke,” and the ending “-ovina,” meaning “land,” forming the combination denoting “dukedom.”

Abbreviation: Bosnia and HerzegovinaGeographic coordinates:
44 00 N, 18 00 E
Country Location: Europe
Capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina: SarajevoGPS of the Capital:
43 52 N 18 25 E
Position: Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea and Croatia
Land area: total: 51,197 sq km; land: 51,187 sq km, water: 10 sq kmTerrain: mountains and valleys
Area comparative: somewhat smaller than West Virginia
Population: 3,861,912 (July 2016 estimate)Population grow rate: -0.14% (2016 estimate) Sex ratio: at birth: 1.07 male(s) / female, 0-14 years: 1.07 male(s) / female, 15-24 years: 1.07 male(s) / female, 25-54 years: 1.01 male(s) / female, 55-64 years: 0.92 male(s) / female, 65 years and over: 0.64 male(s) / female, total population: 0.95 male(s) / female (2016 estimate)
Exports: $3.93 billion (2016 estimate), $3.95 billion (2015 estimate)Imports: $7.765 billion (2016 estimate), $8.173 billion (2015 estimate)Import partners: Croatia 19.3%, Germany 13.9%, Slovenia 13.8%, Italy 10.9%, Austria 5.7%, Hungary 5.2%, Turkey 4.5% (2015)
Urbanization: urban population: 39.8% of the total population (2015)Major urban area(s): SARAJEVO (capital) 318,000 (2015)Median age: total: 41.7 years; male: 40.2 years, female: 43.1 years (2016 estimate)
Internet users: total: 2.516 million. Percent of the population: 65.1% (July 2015 estimate)Telephones (fixed-lines): total subscriptions: 771,684. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 20 (July 2015 estimate)Telephones (mobile, cellular): total: 3.444 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 89 (July 2015 estimate)
Unemployment rate: 43.2% (2015 estimate)Nationality: Bosnian(s), Herzegovinian(s) adjective: Bosnian, HerzegovinianNational holidays: National Day (Statehood Day), 25 November (1943); Independence Day, 1 March (1992)
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 76.7 years. Male: 73.7 years, female: 80 years (2016 estimate)Total fertility rate: 1.28 children born / woman (2016 estimate)Birthrate: 8.8 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate)
Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write. Total population: 98.5%; male: 99.5%, female: 97.5% (2015 estimate)Legal system: civil law system; Constitutional Court review of legislative actsSuffrage: 18 years of age, 16 if employed; universal
Industries: steel, coal, iron ore, lead, zinc, manganese, bauxite, aluminum, motor vehicle assembly, textiles, tobacco products, wooden furniture, ammunition, domestic appliances, oil refiningIndustrial production growth rate: 4% (2016 estimate)GDP real growth rate: 3% (2016 estimate) 3.2% (2015 estimate) 1.1% (2014 estimate)

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