|Borderline map of Bosnia and Herzegovina||Location map of Bosnia and Herzegovina||Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina|
Google maps and detailed facts of Bosnia and Herzegovina, (BA). This page enables you to explore Bosnia and Herzegovina and its border countries (Location: Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea and Croatia) through detailed Satellite imagery - fast and easy as never before Google maps.
Find comprehensive information below about this country in its diversity: geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government, and history - All in One Wiki page!
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Bosnia and Herzegovina Google Map
The map below shows Bosnia and Herzegovina with its cities, towns, highways, main roads, streets and also providing Street Views. To find a location use the form below, type any city or place and to view, just a simple map click on the "Show Map" button.
The Google map above is showing Bosnia and Herzegovina with its location: Europe, (geographic coordinates: 44 00 N, 18 00 E) and the international borders of Bosnia and Herzegovina; total: 1,543 km. Border countries (total: 3): Croatia 956 km, Montenegro 242 km, Serbia 345 km furthermore its inland counties boundaries.
Hint: Have a look at the Street view in Bosnia and Herzegovina, or Europe. All you have to do is to drag and pull the little yellow man (named: Pegman) on the Google map above the desired location. After that whenever it is available (more than 50 countries in the world), blue stripes will appear to show the photos and details from Google’s regularly updated data image base.
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About Bosnia and Herzegovina in detail
Where is Bosnia and Herzegovina?
Bosnia and Herzegovina, in case if you are looking on the map under the Coordinates 43 52 N 18 25 E otherwise in Europe, in Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea and Croatia.
What is the capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina?
The capital city of Bosnia and Herzegovina is: Sarajevo.
What is the time in Sarajevo?
It is 6 hours ahead of Washington DC during Standard Time, the timezone of Sarajevo is: UTC+1.
What is the Internet code for Bosnia and Herzegovina?
The Top Level Domain (TLD) for Bosnia and Herzegovina is: .ba
What is the size of Bosnia and Herzegovina?
The territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina is total: 51,197 sq km; land: 51,187 sq km, water: 10 sq km.
If we want to describe the size of the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina is slightly smaller than West Virginia.
If we would like to walk around and discover Bosnia and Herzegovina, we can do that by covering the distance of total: 1,543 km.
What is the water coverage of Bosnia and Herzegovina?
We have mentioned already on this website, that what percentage of Bosnia and Herzegovina is covered by water (see below), and this includes 20 km coastline.
What is the climate like in Bosnia and Herzegovina?
The climate of Bosnia and Herzegovina is hot summers and cold winters: areas of high elevation have short, cool summers and long, severe winters: mild, rainy winters along coast.
Geographical data of Bosnia and Herzegovina
The elevation of Bosnia and Herzegovina; mean elevation: 500 m, elevation extremes; lowest point: Adriatic Sea 0 m, highest point: Maglic 2,386 m.
The typical geographical details of Bosnia and Herzegovina include mountains and valleys.
If we would like to describe the countries location from a different point of view, it is safe to say, and easy to read from a map, Bosnia and Herzegovina is within Bosnia and Herzegovina's recognized borders, the country is divided into a joint Bosniak/Croat Federation (about 51% of the territory) and the Bosnian Serb-led Republika Srpska or RS (about 49% of the territory); the region called Herzegovina is contiguous to Croatia and Montenegro, and traditionally has been settled by an ethnic Croat majority in the west and an ethnic Serb majority in the east.
Resources and land use of Bosnia and Herzegovina
The country’s main mined products are coal, iron ore, bauxite, copper, lead, zinc, chromite, cobalt, manganese, nickel, clay, gypsum, salt, sand, timber, hydropower. The population partly uses the earlier highlighted land territory and partly left in its natural state: agricultural land: 42.2%; arable land 19.7%; permanent crops 2%; permanent pasture 20.5%; forest: 42.8%; other: 15% (2011 estimate).
Population data of Bosnia and Herzegovina
The number of inhabitants of Bosnia and Herzegovina is 3,861,912 (July 2016 estimate).
If we examine the proportion of population distribution, it is safe to say that the northern and central areas of the country are the most densely populated.
If we are looking at the proportion of the urbanized and barely populated areas, these are the figures: urban population: 39.8% of total population (2015).
Most of the population in Bosnia and Herzegovina is concentrated in SARAJEVO (capital) 318,000 (2015).
Ethnicity in Bosnia and Herzegovina
According to ethnicity details, the ethnic groups in this country are the following: Bosniak 50.1%, Serb 30.8%, Croat 15.4%, other 2.7%, not declared/no answer 1%note: the methodology remains disputed and Republika Srspka authorities refuse to recognize the results; Bosniak has replaced Muslim as an ethnic term in part to avoid confusion with the religious term Muslim - an adherent of Islam (2013 estimate).
Spoken languages in Bosnia and Herzegovina
The spoken languages in Bosnia and Herzegovina are the following: Bosnian (official language) 52.9%, Serbian (official language) 30.8%, Croatian (official language) 14.6%, other 1.6%, no answer 0.2% (2013 estimate).
What are the most important religions in Bosnia and Herzegovina?
During the general census, researchers examine the churches, according to this: Muslim 50.7%, Orthodox 30.7%, Roman Catholic 15.2%, atheist 0.8%, agnostic 0.3%, other 1.2%, undeclared/no answer 1.1% (2013 estimate).
Further population data of Bosnia and Herzegovina
The proportion of gender and age tells a lot about the society as follows 0-14 years: 13.36% (male 266,389 / female 249,425) 15-24 years: 11.97% (male 238,682 / female 223,599) 25-54 years: 46.2% (male 896,760 / female 887,407) 55-64 years: 14.43% (male 267,628 / female 289,464) 65 years and over: 14.05% (male 212,574 / female 329,984) (2016 estimate). It also a significant factor in a society the population growth rate, which in the case of Bosnia and Herzegovina is -0.14% (2016 estimate).
The population growth rate is based on two elements, the birth, and the death rate. In Bosnia and Herzegovina the birth rate is 8.8 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate), the death rate 9.9 deaths / 1,000 population (2016 estimate).
In this day and age in the developed societies, the first child borns later compared to the previous centuries and decades, so the childbearing is extended. In Bosnia and Herzegovina the average age of mothers at the first childbirth is .
In the best case scenario despite the fact that the birth of the children is postponed, the parents are still able to see their kids grow as the life expectancy is also extended. In the case of Bosnia and Herzegovina, these figures are . With the introduction of modern medicine, the vaccinations and the proper hygienic conditions, the infant mortality rate is in a steep decline. The infant mortality statistics in Bosnia and Herzegovina are the following: . Relevant data is the budget of healthcare, which is in the case of this country is 9.6% of GDP (2014).
Economic data of Bosnia and Herzegovina
If we would like to describe a country, we also have to mention its economy; Bosnia has a transitional economy with limited market reforms. The economy relies heavily on the export of metals, energy, textiles, and furniture as well as on remittances and foreign aid. A highly decentralized government hampers economic policy coordinInterethnic warfare in Bosnia and Herzegovina caused production to plummet by 80% from 1992 to 1995 and unemployment to soar, but the economy made progress until 2008, when the global economic crisis caused a downturn. Bosnia and Herzegovina became a fullBosnia's private sector is growing slowly, but foreign investment has dropped sharply since 2007. High unemployment remains the most serious macroeconomic problem. Successful implementation of a value-added tax in 2006 provided a steady source of revenueBosnia and Herzegovina's top economic priorities are: acceleration of integration into the EU; strengthening the fiscal system; public administration reform; World Trade Organization membership; and securing economic growth by fostering a dynamic, competi.
GDP is an important figure as all the relevant calculations and statistics are based on it. GDP in Bosnia and Herzegovina is $16.53 billion (2015 estimate).
An another important indicator is the rate of the GDP growth, which in Bosnia and Herzegovina is 3% (2016 estimate) 3.2% (2015 estimate) 1.1% (2014 estimate).
These statistics are affecting the world economy, remember in 2015 when the Chinese real GDP growth rate was worse than expected; The world markets fall, and the Chinese stock exchange was temporally suspended.
A further major factor of a country’s economy, the GDP per capita. In Bosnia and Herzegovina this is $11,000 (2016 estimate) $10,700 (2015 estimate) $10,300 (2014 estimate).
In the case of the economy, the Trinity is in common places, such as agriculture, industry, and services.
What are the agricultural products Bosnia and Herzegovina produces?
The main agricultural products of Bosnia and Herzegovina are wheat, corn, fruits, vegetables; livestock.
Regarding the economy, the important segments are steel, coal, iron ore, lead, zinc, manganese, bauxite, aluminum, motor vehicle assembly, textiles, tobacco products, wooden furniture, ammunition, domestic appliances, oil refining. The crucial and regularly mentioned GDP is based on steel, coal, iron ore, lead, zinc, manganese, bauxite, aluminum, motor vehicle assembly, textiles, tobacco products, wooden furniture, ammunition, domestic appliances, oil refining.
Drinking water source in Bosnia and Herzegovina
It is important to mention, that - thanks to the development of the infrastructure -, the rate of potable water improved: urban: 99.7% of population, rural: 100% of population, total: 99.9% of population. Unimproved: urban: 0.3% of population, rural: 0% of population, total: 0.1% of population (2015 estimate).
Average number of childbirth in Bosnia and Herzegovina
In Bosnia and Herzegovina the average number of childbirth is 1.28 children born / woman (2016 estimate).
Population, median age, migration, and citizenship in Bosnia and Herzegovina
The average age of the population is total: 41.7 years; male: 40.2 years, female: 43.1 years (2016 estimate). The age of adulthood varies in every country of the world in Bosnia and Herzegovina it is 18 years of age, 16 if employed; universal.
In this age when we are experiencing an unprecedented scale of migration and globalization, it is an important factor the number of new coming immigrants. In Bosnia and Herzegovina is -0.4 migrant(s) / 1,000 population (2016 estimate). It is important to know, how to apply for citizenship: citizenship by birth: no. Citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Dual citizenship recognized: yes, provided there is a bilateral agreement with the other stateresidency requirement for naturalization: 8 years.
Is Bosnia and Herzegovina a safe destination? Healthcare services and contagious diseases in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Many of the travelers are looking into the healthcare services and contagious diseases of their destinations. In Bosnia and Herzegovina density of the hospital beds is 3.5 beds / 1,000 population (2010).
According to WHO rating regarding contagious diseases in Bosnia and Herzegovina the N/A.
However, the HIV is not curable but maintainable. Let’s do not forget when the disease surfaced it was a world threatening condition. Unfortunately, in some countries, it is still very high the number of infected patients and fatalities as a result of the disease.
In Bosnia and Herzegovina the number of HIV/AIDS deaths: .
Regarding tourism the obesity, not an important issue, but we have to mention among the health statistics, as it is the plague of the 20th and the 21st century. The rate obese adults in Bosnia and Herzegovina is 19.2% (2014).
What are the natural hazards Bosnia and Herzegovina? Is there any?
The most known natural risks in Bosnia and Herzegovina are destructive earthquakes.
More interesting facts about Bosnia and Herzegovina
A few words about the past, as every country and society its connected to its history; Bosnia and Herzegovina declared sovereignty in October 1991 and independence from the former Yugoslavia on 3 March 1992 after a referendum boycotted by ethnic Serbs. The Bosnian Serbs - supported by neighboring Serbia and Montenegro - responded with armed resistance aimed at partitioning the republic along ethnic lines and joining Serb-held areas to form a "Greater Serbia." In March 1994, Bosniaks and Croats reduced the number of warring factions from three to two by signing an agreement creating a joint Bosniak-Croat Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. On 21 November 1995, in Dayton, Ohio, the warring parties initialed a peace agreement that ended three years of interethnic civil strife (the final agreement was signed in Paris on 14 December 1995).The Dayton Peace Accords retained Bosnia and Herzegovina's international boundaries and created a multiethnic and democratic government charged with conducting foreign, diplomatic, and fiscal policy. Also recognized was a second tier of government composed of two entities roughly equal in size: the predominantly Bosniak-Bosnian Croat Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the predominantly Bosnian Serb-led Republika Srpska (RS). The Federation and RS governments are responsible for overseeing most government functions. Additionally, the Dayton Accords established the Office of the High Representative to oversee the implementation of the civilian aspects of the agreement. The Peace Implementation Council at its conference in Bonn in 1997 also gave the High Representative the authority to impose legislation and remove officials, the so-called "Bonn Powers." An original NATO-led international peacekeeping force (IFOR) of 60,000 troops assembled in 1995 was succeeded over time by a smaller, NATO-led Stabilization Force (SFOR). In 2004, European Union peacekeeping troops (EUFOR) replaced SFOR. Currently, EUFOR deploys around 600 troops in theater in a security assistance and training capacity..
In every nation's memory, there are cornerstones that placed the country on the timeline of history. The date of declaration of independence of Bosnia and Herzegovina: 1 March 1992 (from Yugoslavia); note - referendum for independence completed on 1 March 1992; independence declared on 3 March 1992.
The flag and other symbols of Bosnia and Herzegovina
The colors, symbols, and animals on the flag usually have a historical background or related to an important milestone or memory of the nation.
This case is not an exception either, a wide medium blue vertical band on the fly side with a yellow isosceles triangle abutting the band and the top of the flag; the remainder of the flag is medium blue with seven full five-pointed white stars and two half stars top and bottom along the hypotenuse of the triangle; the triangle approximates the shape of the country and its three points stand for the constituent peoples - Bosniaks, Croats, and Serbs; the stars represent Europe and are meant to be continuous (thus the half stars at top and bottom); the colors (white, blue, and yellow) are often associated with neutrality and peace, and traditionally are linked with Bosnia. Note: one of several flags where a prominent component of the design reflects the shape of the country; other such flags are those of Brazil, Eritrea, and Vanuatu.
Apart from the flag, the symbol of the national unity is the national anthem. The main purpose of the anthem is to share the nation's core values, endeavors, and the patriotic feelings.
National symbols of Bosnia and Herzegovina: golden lily; national colors: blue, yellow, white.
Constitution of Bosnia and Herzegovina
The existence of the nation based on the constitution. Some constitutions knew around the world, like the U.S. Constitution that accepted on 17th of September 1787, in Philadelphia, the Constitution of United States of America.
It is not related to the declaration of independence that was stolen by Nicolas Cage in the movie National Treasure 🙂
What is the legal system of Bosnia and Herzegovina?
Most of the times the legal system of a country is in the focus of lawyers. It is a common fact that there are two main approaches in the world, “the law in books” and “the law in action.”
In the Anglo-Saxon world, the practice is the “law in action” while in the rest of the world where the law based on Roman law, the “law in books.”
The legal system of Bosnia and Herzegovina is civil law system; Constitutional Court review of legislative acts.
It was Aristotle, who founded the theory of 3 separations of powers. In his view, these are the council of public affairs, the magistrates, and the justice system. In the age of enlightenment was the time when terminologies have been defined, the way we still use them. In most of the democratic countries, the three authorities are separated from each other. In dictatorships, the authorities are usually interwoven in one hand.
About the legislative branch of Bosnia and Herzegovina, we can highlight the following structures bicameral Parliamentary Assembly or Skupstina consists of the House of Peoples or Dom Naroda (15 seats - 5 Bosniak, 5 Croat, 5 Serb; members designated by the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina's House of Peoples and the Republika Srpska's National Assembly to serve 4-year terms) and the state-level House of Representatives or Predstavnicki Dom (42 seats to include 28 seats allocated to the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and 14 to the Republika Srpska; members directly elected by proportional representation vote to serve 4-year terms); note - the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina has a bicameral legislature that consists of the House of Peoples (58 seats - 17 Bosniak, 17 Croat, 17 Serb, 7 other) and the House of Representatives (98 seats; members directly elected by proportional representation vote to serve 4-year terms); Republika Srpska's unicameral legislature is the National Assembly (83 directly elected delegates serve 4-year terms)elections: House of Peoples - last constituted in 11 February 2015 (next likely to be constituted in 2019); state-level House of Representatives - election last held on 12 October 2014 (next to be held in October 2018)election results: House of Peoples - percent of vote by party/coalition - NA; seats by party/coalition - NA; state-level House of Representatives - percent of vote by party/coalition - Federation votes: SDA 27.9%, DF 15.3%, SBB BiH 14.4%, Croat People's Assembly coalition or HNS (HDZ BiH-HSS-NHI-HKDU-HSP BiH-HSP HB) 12.2%, SDP 9.5%, HDZ-1990 4.1%, BPS-Sefer Halilovic 3.7%, A-SDA 2.3%, other 10.6%; Republika Srpska votes: SNSD 38.5%, SDS 32.6%, PDP-NDP 7.8%, DNS 5.7%, SDA 4.9%, other 10.5%; seats by party/coalition - SDA 10, SNSD 6, SDS 5, DF 5, SBB BiH 4, Croat People's Assembly coalition or HNS (HDZ BiH-HSS-NHI-HKDU-HSP BiH-HSP HB) 4, SDP 3, PDP-NDP 1, HDZ-1990 1, BPS-Sefer Halilovic 1, DNS 1, A-SDA 1.
About the unemployment rate, labor force, and poverty line in Bosnia and Herzegovina
One of the major problems of the 21st-century economy is the unemployment. Governments are struggling to maintain a low level of the unemployment rate, but as a result of automation, the cheap 3rd world labor and the outsourcing of workflow, these attempts are failing. In Bosnia and Herzegovina the labor force is 1.48 million (2016 estimate). Please bear in mind that the population in Bosnia and Herzegovina is total: 5.6 deaths / 1,000 live births; male: 5.7 deaths / 1,000 live births, female: 5.5 deaths / 1,000 live births (2016 estimate) - as we already mentioned above.
The rate of unemployment in Bosnia and Herzegovina is 43.2% (2015 estimate).
It is widely known that the gap between the rich and poor is widening on an enormous scale.
According to the 2017 shocking Oxfam report, the richest eight people’s fortune is equal to the fortune of the poorest half of the world's population.
In Bosnia and Herzegovina, the income of the households and consumption compared to the entire population: lowest 10%: 2.7% highhest 10%: 27.3% (2007).
Another widely used indicator is the so-called GINI index, which measures the inequalities of statistical dispersion, but mainly used for measuring the sharing of income and fortune.
The GINI index is named after its founder Corrado Gini an Italian economist. Gini index has grades between 0-1, but often it is used on a percentage basis. It is 0 if the examined criteria territorial distribution is equal. It is one if the criteria is concentrated on the territory. In Bosnia and Herzegovina the GINI index is .36,2 (2007).
The states usually set up a poverty line, which is more or less is a subjective measure. It varies by country its base is often the minimum pension, the incomes of the poorest 20 percent, the X percent of income per capita Etc.
In Bosnia and Herzegovina the people living under the poverty line is lowest 10%: 2.7% highhest 10%: 27.3% (2007).
About the budget and central governments debt of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Available budget mainly defines the state's economy. The budget of Bosnia and Herzegovina is; revenues: $7.681 billion, expenditures: $7.975 billion (2016 estimate). Taxes and other revenues are 46.5% of GDP (2016 estimate).
The budget deficit (Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)) is .
The fiscal year in Bosnia and Herzegovina is calendar year.
In country’s economy, we have to consider the public debt. Public debt is the consolidated sum of the state local, federal and central governments debt.
Inflation rate and prime lending rate in Bosnia and Herzegovina
A few further interesting and important economic data are the fallowing; Inflation rate: -0.8% (2016 estimate), -1% (2015 estimate) and the rate of the Commercial bank prime lending rate: 5% (31 December 2016 estimate).
Export/import partners and data of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina, with the export of products, industrial tools, and other services, generates revenue. The export value in Bosnia and Herzegovina is: $3.93 billion (2016 estimate), $3.95 billion (2015 estimate). The total revenue of these activities: metals, clothing, wood products.
The most important imported products are: machinery and equipment, chemicals, fuels, foodstuffs, and the countries from where the import is coming: Croatia 19.3%, Germany 13.9%, Slovenia 13.8%, Italy 10.9%, Austria 5.7%, Hungary 5.2%, Turkey 4.5% (2015).
Renewable energies used in Bosnia and Herzegovina
As an attempt to suppress the pollution of the environment, renewable energies has to replace the fossil energy. The more the proportion of renewable energies in a country means more effort against the pollution. Bosnia and Herzegovina, the indicator of how much of country’s produced energy is coming from hydroelectric source is 43.6% of total installed capacity (2013 estimate).
To indicate how much another renewable energy is produced is the 1.5% of total installed capacity (2013 estimate).
Telecommunication data of Bosnia and Herzegovina, calling code
To maintain the economy, the development of a reliable and modern telecommunications infrastructure is crucial. We can say the following about Bosnia and Herzegovina; post-war reconstruction of the telecommunications network, aided by an internationally sponsored program, resulted in sharp increases in fixed-line telephone availabilitydomestic: fixed-line teledensity roughly 20 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular subscribership has been increasing rapidly and stands at roughly 90 telephones per 100 personsinternational: country code - 387; no satellite earth stations (2015).
Transport infrastructure in Bosnia and Herzegovina
In the 21st century, we often say that the world has become small and there are no distances anymore. With widespread air travel when (sometimes) there are no visa restrictions, it is easy to reach other countries, but in case the distance is not too long, we can also use railway or water transportation.
The number of airports in Bosnia and Herzegovina: 24 (2013), and the number of heliports: 6 (2013).
The total length of the roadways in Bosnia and Herzegovina: total: 22,926 km, paved: 19,426 km (4,652 km of interurban roads), unpaved: 3,500 km (2010).
The total length of the waterways in Bosnia and Herzegovina: (Sava River on northern border; open to shipping but use limited) (2011).
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Facts about Bosnia and Herzegovina
Name of the country: conventional long form: none, conventional short form: Bosnia and Herzegovina, local long form: none, local short form: Bosna i Hercegovina, former: People's Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovinaabbreviation: BiH, etymology: the larger northern territory is named for the Bosna River; the smaller southern section takes its name from the German word "herzog," meaning "duke," and the ending "-ovina," meaning "land," forming the combination denoting "dukedom".
|Abbrevation: Bosnia and Herzegovina||Geographic coordinates:
44 00 N, 18 00 E
|Capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina: Sarajevo||GPS of the Capital:
43 52 N 18 25 E
|Position: Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea and Croatia|
|Land area: total: 51,197 sq km; land: 51,187 sq km, water: 10 sq km||Terrain: mountains and valleys
||Area comparative: slightly smaller than West Virginia|
|Population: 3,861,912 (July 2016 estimate)||Population grow rate: -0.14% (2016 estimate)||Sex ratio: at birth: 1.07 male(s) / female, 0-14 years: 1.07 male(s) / female, 15-24 years: 1.07 male(s) / female, 25-54 years: 1.01 male(s) / female, 55-64 years: 0.92 male(s) / female, 65 years and over: 0.64 male(s) / female, total population: 0.95 male(s) / female, (2016 estimate)|
|Exports: $3.93 billion (2016 estimate), $3.95 billion (2015 estimate)||Imports: $7.765 billion (2016 estimate), $8.173 billion (2015 estimate)||Import partners: Croatia 19.3%, Germany 13.9%, Slovenia 13.8%, Italy 10.9%, Austria 5.7%, Hungary 5.2%, Turkey 4.5% (2015)|
|Urbanization: urban population: 39.8% of total population (2015)||Major urban area(s): SARAJEVO (capital) 318,000 (2015)||Median age: total: 41.7 years; male: 40.2 years, female: 43.1 years (2016 estimate)
|Internet users: total: 2.516 million. Percent of population: 65.1% (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (fixed lines): total subscriptions: 771,684. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 20 (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (mobile, cellular): total: 3.444 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 89 (July 2015 estimate)|
|Unemployment rate: 43.2% (2015 estimate)||Nationality: Bosnian(s), Herzegovinian(s) adjective: Bosnian, Herzegovinian||National holidays: National Day (Statehood Day), 25 November (1943); Independence Day, 1 March (1992)|
|Life expectancy at birth: total population: 76.7 years. Male: 73.7 years, female: 80 years (2016 estimate)||Total fertility rate: 1.28 children born / woman (2016 estimate)||Birthrate: 8.8 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate)|
|Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write. Total population: 98.5%; male: 99.5%, female: 97.5% (2015 estimate)||Legal system: civil law system; Constitutional Court review of legislative acts||Suffrage: 18 years of age, 16 if employed; universal|
|Industries: steel, coal, iron ore, lead, zinc, manganese, bauxite, aluminum, motor vehicle assembly, textiles, tobacco products, wooden furniture, ammunition, domestic appliances, oil refining||Industrial production growth rate: 4% (2016 estimate)||GDP real growth rate: 3% (2016 estimate) 3.2% (2015 estimate) 1.1% (2014 estimate)|
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