|Borderline map of Poland||Location map of Poland||Flag of Poland|
Google maps and detailed facts of Poland, (PL). This page enables you to explore Poland and its border countries (Location: Central Europe, east of Germany) through detailed Satellite imagery - fast and easy as never before Google maps.
Find comprehensive information below about this country in its diversity: geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government, and history - All in One Wiki page!
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Poland Google Map
The map below shows Poland with its cities, towns, highways, main roads, streets and also providing Street Views. To find a location use the form below, type any city or place and to view, just a simple map click on the "Show Map" button.
The Google map above is showing Poland with its location: Europe, (geographic coordinates: 52 00 N, 20 00 E) and the international borders of Poland; total: 3,071 km. Border countries (total: 7): Belarus 418 km, Czech Republic 796 km, Germany 467 km, Lithuania 104 km, Russia (Kaliningrad Oblast) 210 km, Slovakia 541 km, Ukraine 535 km furthermore its inland counties boundaries.
Hint: Have a look at the Street view in Poland, or Europe. All you have to do is to drag and pull the little yellow man (named: Pegman) on the Google map above the desired location. After that whenever it is available (more than 50 countries in the world), blue stripes will appear to show the photos and details from Google’s regularly updated data image base.
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About Poland in detail
Where is Poland?
Poland, in case if you are looking on the map under the Coordinates 52 15 N 21 00 E otherwise in Europe, in Central Europe, east of Germany.
What is the capital of Poland?
The capital city of Poland is: Warsaw.
What is the time in Warsaw?
It is 6 hours ahead of Washington DC during Standard Time, the timezone of Warsaw is: UTC+1.
What is the Internet code for Poland?
The Top Level Domain (TLD) for Poland is: .pl
What is the size of Poland?
The territory of Poland is total: 312,685 sq km; land: 304,255 sq km, water: 8,430 sq km.
If we would like to walk around and discover Poland, we can do that by covering the distance of total: 3,071 km.
What is the water coverage of Poland?
We have mentioned already on this website, that what percentage of Poland is covered by water (see below), and this includes 440 km coastline.
What is the climate like in Poland?
The climate of Poland is temperate with cold, cloudy, moderately severe winters with frequent precipitation: mild summers with frequent showers and thundershowers.
Geographical data of Poland
The elevation of Poland; mean elevation: 173 m, elevation extremes; lowest point: near Raczki Elblaskie -2 m, highest point: Rysy 2,499 m.
The typical geographical details of Poland include mostly flat plain; mountains along southern border.
If we would like to describe the countries location from a different point of view, it is safe to say, and easy to read from a map, Poland is historically, an area of conflict because of flat terrain and the lack of natural barriers on the North European Plain.
Resources and land use of Poland
The country’s main mined products are coal, sulfur, copper, natural gas, silver, lead, salt, amber, arable land. The population partly uses the earlier highlighted land territory and partly left in its natural state: agricultural land: 48.2%; arable land 36.2%; permanent crops 1.3%; permanent pasture 10.7%; forest: 30.6%; other: 21.2% (2011 estimate).
Population data of Poland
The number of inhabitants of Poland is 38,523,261 (July 2016 estimate).
If we examine the proportion of population distribution, it is safe to say that population concentrated in the southern (Krakow) and central (Warsaw, Lodz) areas, with an extension to the northern coastal city of Gdansk.
If we are looking at the proportion of the urbanized and barely populated areas, these are the figures: urban population: 60.5% of total population (2015).
Most of the population in Poland is concentrated in WARSAW (capital) 1.722 million; Krakow 760,000 (2015).
Ethnicity in Poland
According to ethnicity details, the ethnic groups in this country are the following: Polish 96.9%, Silesian 1.1%, German 0.2%, Ukrainian 0.1%, other and unspecified 1.7%note: represents ethnicity declared first (2011 estimate).
Spoken languages in Poland
The spoken languages in Poland are the following: Polish (official language) 98.2%, Silesian 1.4%, other 1.1%, unspecified 1.3%. Note: data represents the language spoken at home; shares sum to more than 100% because some respondents gave more than one answer on the census; Poland ratified the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages in 2009 recognizing Kashub as a regional language, Czech, Hebrew, Yiddish, Belarusian, Lithuanian, German, Armenian, Russian, Slovak, and Ukrainian as national minority languages, and Karaim, Lemko, Romani (Polska Roma and Bergitka Roma), and Tatar as ethnic minority languages (2011 estimate).
What are the most important religions in Poland?
During the general census, researchers examine the churches, according to this: Catholic 87.2% (includes Roman Catholic 86.9% and Greek Catholic, Armenian Catholic, and Byzantine-Slavic Catholic .3%), Orthodox 1.3% (almost all are Polish Autocephalous Orthodox), Protestant 0.4% (mainly Augsburg Evangelical and Pentacostal), other 0.4% (includes Jehovah's Witness, Buddhist, Hare Krishna, Gaudiya Vaishnavism, Muslim, Jewish, Mormon), unspecified 10.8% (2012 estimate).
Further population data of Poland
The proportion of gender and age tells a lot about the society as follows 0-14 years: 14.72% (male 2,915,840 / female 2,754,098) 15-24 years: 11.11% (male 2,195,587 / female 2,082,634) 25-54 years: 43.5% (male 8,456,789 / female 8,301,167) 55-64 years: 14.42% (male 2,623,838 / female 2,931,215) 65 years and over: 16.26% (male 2,460,648 / female 3,801,445) (2016 estimate). It also a significant factor in a society the population growth rate, which in the case of Poland is -0.11% (2016 estimate).
The population growth rate is based on two elements, the birth, and the death rate. In Poland the birth rate is 9.6 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate), the death rate 10.3 deaths / 1,000 population (2016 estimate).
In this day and age in the developed societies, the first child borns later compared to the previous centuries and decades, so the childbearing is extended. In Poland the average age of mothers at the first childbirth is .
In the best case scenario despite the fact that the birth of the children is postponed, the parents are still able to see their kids grow as the life expectancy is also extended. In the case of Poland, these figures are . With the introduction of modern medicine, the vaccinations and the proper hygienic conditions, the infant mortality rate is in a steep decline. The infant mortality statistics in Poland are the following: . Relevant data is the budget of healthcare, which is in the case of this country is 6.4% of GDP (2014).
Economic data of Poland
If we would like to describe a country, we also have to mention its economy; Poland has pursued a policy of economic liberalization since 1990 and Poland's economy was the only EU country to avoid a recession through the 2008-09 economic downturn. Although EU membership and access to EU structural funds have provided a major boostThe government of Prime Minister Donald TUSK steered the Polish economy through the economic downturn by skillfully managing public finances and adopting controversial pension and tax reforms to further shore up public finances. While the Polish economy hPoland faces several challenges, which include addressing some of the remaining deficiencies in its road and rail infrastructure, business environment, rigid labor code, commercial court system, government red tape, and burdensome tax system, especially f.
GDP is an important figure as all the relevant calculations and statistics are based on it. GDP in Poland is $467.4 billion (2015 estimate).
An another important indicator is the rate of the GDP growth, which in Poland is 3.1% (2016 estimate) 3.7% (2015 estimate) 3.3% (2014 estimate).
These statistics are affecting the world economy, remember in 2015 when the Chinese real GDP growth rate was worse than expected; The world markets fall, and the Chinese stock exchange was temporally suspended.
A further major factor of a country’s economy, the GDP per capita. In Poland this is $27,700 (2016 estimate) $26,800 (2015 estimate) $25,900 (2014 estimate).
In the case of the economy, the Trinity is in common places, such as agriculture, industry, and services.
What are the agricultural products Poland produces?
The main agricultural products of Poland are potatoes, fruits, vegetables, wheat; poultry, eggs, pork, dairy.
Regarding the economy, the important segments are machine building, iron and steel, coal mining, chemicals, shipbuilding, food processing, glass, beverages, textiles. The crucial and regularly mentioned GDP is based on machine building, iron and steel, coal mining, chemicals, shipbuilding, food processing, glass, beverages, textiles.
Drinking water source in Poland
It is important to mention, that - thanks to the development of the infrastructure -, the rate of potable water improved: urban: 99.3% of population, rural: 96.9% of population, total: 98.3% of population. Unimproved: urban: 0.7% of population, rural: 3.1% of population, total: 1.7% of population (2015 estimate).
Average number of childbirth in Poland
In Poland the average number of childbirth is 1.34 children born / woman (2016 estimate).
Population, median age, migration, and citizenship in Poland
The average age of the population is total: 40.3 years; male: 38.6 years, female: 42 years (2016 estimate). The age of adulthood varies in every country of the world in Poland it is 18 years of age, universal.
In this age when we are experiencing an unprecedented scale of migration and globalization, it is an important factor the number of new coming immigrants. In Poland is -0.4 migrant(s) / 1,000 population (2016 estimate). It is important to know, how to apply for citizenship: citizenship by birth: no. Citizenship by descent only: both parents must be citizens of Poland. Dual citizenship recognized: no. Residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years.
Is Poland a safe destination? Healthcare services and contagious diseases in Poland
Many of the travelers are looking into the healthcare services and contagious diseases of their destinations. In Poland density of the hospital beds is 6.5 beds / 1,000 population (2011).
According to WHO rating regarding contagious diseases in Poland the degree of risk: intermediatevectorborne disease: tickborne encephalitis (2016).
However, the HIV is not curable but maintainable. Let’s do not forget when the disease surfaced it was a world threatening condition. Unfortunately, in some countries, it is still very high the number of infected patients and fatalities as a result of the disease.
In Poland the number of HIV/AIDS deaths: .
Regarding tourism the obesity, not an important issue, but we have to mention among the health statistics, as it is the plague of the 20th and the 21st century. The rate obese adults in Poland is 27% (2014).
What are the natural hazards Poland? Is there any?
The most known natural risks in Poland are flooding.
More interesting facts about Poland
A few words about the past, as every country and society its connected to its history; Poland's history as a state began near the middle of the 10th century. By the mid-16th century, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth ruled a vast tract of land in Central and Eastern Europe. During the 18th century, internal disorders weakened the nation, and in a series of agreements between 1772 and 1795, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned Poland among themselves. Poland regained its independence in 1918 only to be overrun by Germany and the Soviet Union in World War II. It became a Soviet satellite state following the war, but its government was comparatively tolerant and progressive. Labor turmoil in 1980 led to the formation of the independent trade union "Solidarity" that over time became a political force with over 10 million members. Free elections in 1989 and 1990 won Solidarity control of the parliament and the presidency, bringing the communist era to a close. A "shock therapy" program during the early 1990s enabled the country to transform its economy into one of the most robust in Central Europe. Poland joined NATO in 1999 and the EU in 2004. With its transformation to a democratic, market-oriented country largely completed and with large investments in defense, energy, and other infrastructure, Poland is an increasingly active member of Euro-Atlantic organizations..
In every nation's memory, there are cornerstones that placed the country on the timeline of history. The date of declaration of independence of Poland: 11 November 1918 (republic proclaimed); notable earlier dates: 966 (adoption of Christianity, traditional founding date), 1 July 1569 (Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth created).
The flag and other symbols of Poland
The colors, symbols, and animals on the flag usually have a historical background or related to an important milestone or memory of the nation.
This case is not an exception either, two equal horizontal bands of white (top) and red; colors derive from the Polish emblem - a white eagle on a red field. Note: similar to the flags of Indonesia and Monaco which are red (top) and white.
Apart from the flag, the symbol of the national unity is the national anthem. The main purpose of the anthem is to share the nation's core values, endeavors, and the patriotic feelings.
National symbols of Poland: white eagle; national colors: white, red.
Constitution of Poland
The existence of the nation based on the constitution. Some constitutions knew around the world, like the U.S. Constitution that accepted on 17th of September 1787, in Philadelphia, the Constitution of United States of America.
It is not related to the declaration of independence that was stolen by Nicolas Cage in the movie National Treasure 🙂
What is the legal system of Poland?
Most of the times the legal system of a country is in the focus of lawyers. It is a common fact that there are two main approaches in the world, “the law in books” and “the law in action.”
In the Anglo-Saxon world, the practice is the “law in action” while in the rest of the world where the law based on Roman law, the “law in books.”
The legal system of Poland is civil law system; judicial review of legislative, administrative, and other governmental acts; constitutional law rulings of the Constitutional Tribunal are final.
It was Aristotle, who founded the theory of 3 separations of powers. In his view, these are the council of public affairs, the magistrates, and the justice system. In the age of enlightenment was the time when terminologies have been defined, the way we still use them. In most of the democratic countries, the three authorities are separated from each other. In dictatorships, the authorities are usually interwoven in one hand.
About the legislative branch of Poland, we can highlight the following structures bicameral legislature consists of the Senate or Senat (100 seats; members directly elected in single-seat constituencies by simple majority vote to serve 4-year terms) and the Sejm (460 seats; members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by proportional representation vote to serve 4-year terms); note - the designation National Assembly or Zgromadzenie Narodowe is only used on those rare occasions when the two houses meet jointly. Note: the German minority is exempt from the 5% threshold requirement for seats to the Sejmelections: Senate - last held on 25 October 2015 (next to be held in October 2019); Sejm - last held on 25 October 2015 (next to be held in October 2019)election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - PiS 62, PO 33, PSL 1, independents 4; Sejm - percent of vote by party - PiS 37.6%, PO 24.1%, K15 8.8%, N 7.6%, PSL 5.1% other 16.8%; seats by party - PiS 234, PO 138, K15 40, N 29, PSL 16, independent 2, German minority 1.
About the unemployment rate, labor force, and poverty line in Poland
One of the major problems of the 21st-century economy is the unemployment. Governments are struggling to maintain a low level of the unemployment rate, but as a result of automation, the cheap 3rd world labor and the outsourcing of workflow, these attempts are failing. In Poland the labor force is 17.78 million (2016 estimate). Please bear in mind that the population in Poland is total: 4.5 deaths / 1,000 live births; male: 4.8 deaths / 1,000 live births, female: 4 deaths / 1,000 live births (2016 estimate) - as we already mentioned above.
The rate of unemployment in Poland is 9.6% (2016 estimate).
It is widely known that the gap between the rich and poor is widening on an enormous scale.
According to the 2017 shocking Oxfam report, the richest eight people’s fortune is equal to the fortune of the poorest half of the world's population.
In Poland, the income of the households and consumption compared to the entire population: lowest 10%: 3.3% highhest 10%: 25.6% (2012 estimate).
Another widely used indicator is the so-called GINI index, which measures the inequalities of statistical dispersion, but mainly used for measuring the sharing of income and fortune.
The GINI index is named after its founder Corrado Gini an Italian economist. Gini index has grades between 0-1, but often it is used on a percentage basis. It is 0 if the examined criteria territorial distribution is equal. It is one if the criteria is concentrated on the territory. In Poland the GINI index is .32,4 (2012).
The states usually set up a poverty line, which is more or less is a subjective measure. It varies by country its base is often the minimum pension, the incomes of the poorest 20 percent, the X percent of income per capita Etc.
In Poland the people living under the poverty line is lowest 10%: 3.3% highhest 10%: 25.6% (2012 estimate).
About the budget and central governments debt of Poland
Available budget mainly defines the state's economy. The budget of Poland is; revenues: $73.4 billion, expenditures: $86.56 billion (2016 estimate). Taxes and other revenues are 15.7% of GDP (2016 estimate).
The budget deficit (Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)) is .
The fiscal year in Poland is calendar year.
In country’s economy, we have to consider the public debt. Public debt is the consolidated sum of the state local, federal and central governments debt.
Inflation rate and prime lending rate in Poland
A few further interesting and important economic data are the fallowing; Inflation rate: -0.8% (2016 estimate), -1% (2015 estimate) and the rate of the Commercial bank prime lending rate: 5.1% (31 December 2016 estimate).
Export/import partners and data of Poland
Poland, with the export of products, industrial tools, and other services, generates revenue. The export value in Poland is: $188.3 billion (2016 estimate), $190.8 billion (2015 estimate). The total revenue of these activities: machinery and transport equipment 37.8%, intermediate manufactured goods 23.7%, miscellaneous manufactured goods 17.1%, food and live animals 7.6% (2012 estimate).
The most important imported products are: machinery and transport equipment 38%, intermediate manufactured goods 21%, chemicals 15%, minerals, fuels, lubricants, and related materials 9% (2011 estimate), and the countries from where the import is coming: Germany 27.6%, China 7.5%, Russia 7.2%, Netherlands 5.9%, Italy 5.2%, France 4.1% (2015).
Renewable energies used in Poland
As an attempt to suppress the pollution of the environment, renewable energies has to replace the fossil energy. The more the proportion of renewable energies in a country means more effort against the pollution. Poland, the indicator of how much of country’s produced energy is coming from hydroelectric source is 1.5% of total installed capacity (2013 estimate).
To indicate how much another renewable energy is produced is the 8.5% of total installed capacity (2013 estimate).
Telecommunication data of Poland, calling code
To maintain the economy, the development of a reliable and modern telecommunications infrastructure is crucial. We can say the following about Poland; modernization of the telecommunications network has accelerated with market-based competition; fixed-line service, dominated by the former state-owned company, is dwarfed by the growth in mobile-cellular servicesdomestic: several nation-wide networks provide mobile-cellular service; coverage is generally good; fixed-line service lags in rural areasinternational: country code - 48; international direct dialing with automated exchanges; satellite earth station - 1 with access to Intelsat, Eutelsat, Inmarsat, and Intersputnik (2015).
Transport infrastructure in Poland
In the 21st century, we often say that the world has become small and there are no distances anymore. With widespread air travel when (sometimes) there are no visa restrictions, it is easy to reach other countries, but in case the distance is not too long, we can also use railway or water transportation.
The number of airports in Poland: 126 (2013), and the number of heliports: 6 (2013).
The total length of the roadways in Poland: total: 412,035 km, paved: 280,719 km (includes 2,418 km of expressways), unpaved: 131,316 km (2012).
The total length of the waterways in Poland: 3,997 km (navigable rivers and canals) (2009).
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Facts about Poland
Name of the country: conventional long form: Republic of Poland, conventional short form: Poland, local long form: Rzeczpospolita Polska, local short form: Polska, etymology: name derives from the Polanians, a west Slavic tribe that united several surrounding Slavic groups (9th-10th centuries A.D.) and who passed on their name to the country; the name of the tribe likely comes from the Slavic "pole" (field or plain), indicating the flat nature of their country.
|Abbrevation: Poland||Geographic coordinates:
52 00 N, 20 00 E
|Capital of Poland: Warsaw||GPS of the Capital:
52 15 N 21 00 E
|Position: Central Europe, east of Germany|
|Land area: total: 312,685 sq km; land: 304,255 sq km, water: 8,430 sq km||Terrain: mostly flat plain; mountains along southern border
||Area comparative: about twice the size of Georgia; slightly smaller than New Mexico|
|Population: 38,523,261 (July 2016 estimate)||Population grow rate: -0.11% (2016 estimate)||Sex ratio: at birth: 1.06 male(s) / female, 0-14 years: 1.06 male(s) / female, 15-24 years: 1.05 male(s) / female, 25-54 years: 1.02 male(s) / female, 55-64 years: 0.9 male(s) / female, 65 years and over: 0.64 male(s) / female, total population: 0.94 male(s) / female, (2016 estimate)|
|Exports: $188.3 billion (2016 estimate), $190.8 billion (2015 estimate)||Imports: $189.5 billion (2016 estimate), $188.4 billion (2015 estimate)||Import partners: Germany 27.6%, China 7.5%, Russia 7.2%, Netherlands 5.9%, Italy 5.2%, France 4.1% (2015)|
|Urbanization: urban population: 60.5% of total population (2015)||Major urban area(s): WARSAW (capital) 1.722 million; Krakow 760,000 (2015)||Median age: total: 40.3 years; male: 38.6 years, female: 42 years (2016 estimate)
|Internet users: total: 26.221 million. Percent of population: 68% (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (fixed lines): total subscriptions: 4.245 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 11 (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (mobile, cellular): total: 56.838 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 147 (July 2015 estimate)|
|Unemployment rate: 9.6% (2016 estimate)||Nationality: Pole(s) adjective: Polish||National holidays: Constitution Day, 3 May (1791)|
|Life expectancy at birth: total population: 77.6 years. Male: 73.7 years, female: 81.7 years (2016 estimate)||Total fertility rate: 1.34 children born / woman (2016 estimate)||Birthrate: 9.6 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate)|
|Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write. Total population: 99.8%; male: 99.9%, female: 99.7% (2015 estimate)||Legal system: civil law system; judicial review of legislative, administrative, and other governmental acts; constitutional law rulings of the Constitutional Tribunal are final||Suffrage: 18 years of age, universal|
|Industries: machine building, iron and steel, coal mining, chemicals, shipbuilding, food processing, glass, beverages, textiles||Industrial production growth rate: 4.2% (2016 estimate)||GDP real growth rate: 3.1% (2016 estimate) 3.7% (2015 estimate) 3.3% (2014 estimate)|
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