|Borderline map of Estonia||Location map of Estonia||Flag of Estonia|
Google maps and detailed facts of Estonia, (EE). This page enables you to explore Estonia and its border countries (Location: Eastern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and Gulf of Finland, between Latvia and Russia) through detailed Satellite imagery - fast and easy as never before Google maps.
Find comprehensive information below about this country in its diversity: geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government, and history - All in One Wiki page!
There is also Street View and free Driving Directions at your service. Your Google Satellite Map Sightseeing in Estonia, in Europe starts here at Driving Directions And Maps.com!
Estonia Google Map
The map below shows Estonia with its cities, towns, highways, main roads, streets and also providing Street Views. To find a location use the form below, type any city or place and to view, just a simple map click on the "Show Map" button.
The Google map above is showing Estonia with its location: Europe, (geographic coordinates: 59 00 N, 26 00 E) and the international borders of Estonia; total: 657 km. Border countries (total: 2): Latvia 333 km, Russia 324 km furthermore its inland counties boundaries.
Hint: Have a look at the Street view in Estonia, or Europe. All you have to do is to drag and pull the little yellow man (named: Pegman) on the Google map above the desired location. After that whenever it is available (more than 50 countries in the world), blue stripes will appear to show the photos and details from Google’s regularly updated data image base.
The map of Estonia, Europe is informational use only. No representation is made or warranty given as to any map or its content by Driving Directions and Maps site. User assumes all risk of use of this Estonia Google map and facts/wiki.
About Estonia in detail
Where is Estonia?
Estonia, in case if you are looking on the map under the Coordinates 59 26 N 24 43 E otherwise in Europe, in Eastern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and Gulf of Finland, between Latvia and Russia.
What is the capital of Estonia?
The capital city of Estonia is: Tallinn.
What is the time in Tallinn?
It is 7 hours ahead of Washington DC during Standard Time, the timezone of Tallinn is: UTC+2.
What is the Internet code for Estonia?
The Top Level Domain (TLD) for Estonia is: .ee
What is the size of Estonia?
The territory of Estonia is total: 45,228 sq km; land: 42,388 sq km, water: 2,840 sq km.
If we want to describe the size of the territory of Estonia is about twice the size of New Jersey.
If we would like to walk around and discover Estonia, we can do that by covering the distance of total: 657 km.
What is the water coverage of Estonia?
We have mentioned already on this website, that what percentage of Estonia is covered by water (see below), and this includes 3,794 km coastline.
What is the climate like in Estonia?
The climate of Estonia is maritime: wet, moderate winters, cool summers.
Geographical data of Estonia
The elevation of Estonia; mean elevation: 61 m, elevation extremes; lowest point: Baltic Sea 0 m, highest point: Suur Munamagi 318 m.
The typical geographical details of Estonia include marshy, lowlands; flat in the north, hilly in the south.
If we would like to describe the countries location from a different point of view, it is safe to say, and easy to read from a map, Estonia is the mainland terrain is flat, boggy, and partly wooded; offshore lie more than 1,500 islands.
Resources and land use of Estonia
The country’s main mined products are oil shale, peat, rare earth elements, phosphorite, clay, limestone, sand, dolomite, arable land, sea mud. The population partly uses the earlier highlighted land territory and partly left in its natural state: agricultural land: 22.2%; arable land 14.9%; permanent crops 0.1%; permanent pasture 7.2%; forest: 52.1%; other: 25.7% (2011 estimate).
Population data of Estonia
The number of inhabitants of Estonia is 1,258,545 (July 2016 estimate).
If we examine the proportion of population distribution, it is safe to say that a fairly even distribution throughout most of the country, with urban areas attracting larger and denser populations.
If we are looking at the proportion of the urbanized and barely populated areas, these are the figures: urban population: 67.5% of total population (2015).
Most of the population in Estonia is concentrated in TALLINN (capital) 391,000 (2015).
Ethnicity in Estonia
According to ethnicity details, the ethnic groups in this country are the following: Estonian 68.7%, Russian 24.8%, Ukrainian 1.7%, Belarusian 1%, Finn 0.6%, other 1.6%, unspecified 1.6% (2011 estimate).
Spoken languages in Estonia
The spoken languages in Estonia are the following: Estonian (official language) 68.5%, Russian 29.6%, Ukrainian 0.6%, other 1.2%, unspecified 0.1% (2011 estimate).
What are the most important religions in Estonia?
During the general census, researchers examine the churches, according to this: Lutheran 9.9%, Orthodox 16.2%, other Christian (including Methodist, Seventh-Day Adventist, Roman Catholic, Pentecostal) 2.2%, other 0.9%, none 54.1%, unspecified 16.7% (2011 estimate).
Further population data of Estonia
The proportion of gender and age tells a lot about the society as follows 0-14 years: 16.12% (male 104,011 / female 98,809) 15-24 years: 9.3% (male 60,714 / female 56,291) 25-54 years: 41.64% (male 263,762 / female 260,334) 55-64 years: 13.47% (male 76,063 / female 93,479) 65 years and over: 19.47% (male 82,968 / female 162,114) (2016 estimate). It also a significant factor in a society the population growth rate, which in the case of Estonia is -0.54% (2016 estimate).
The population growth rate is based on two elements, the birth, and the death rate. In Estonia the birth rate is 10.3 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate), the death rate 12.5 deaths / 1,000 population (2016 estimate).
In this day and age in the developed societies, the first child borns later compared to the previous centuries and decades, so the childbearing is extended. In Estonia the average age of mothers at the first childbirth is .
In the best case scenario despite the fact that the birth of the children is postponed, the parents are still able to see their kids grow as the life expectancy is also extended. In the case of Estonia, these figures are . With the introduction of modern medicine, the vaccinations and the proper hygienic conditions, the infant mortality rate is in a steep decline. The infant mortality statistics in Estonia are the following: . Relevant data is the budget of healthcare, which is in the case of this country is 6.4% of GDP (2014).
Economic data of Estonia
If we would like to describe a country, we also have to mention its economy; Estonia, a member of the EU since 2004 and the euro zone since 2011, has a modern market-based economy and one of the higher per capita income levels in Central Europe and the Baltic region. Estonia's successive governments have pursued a free market, proThe economy benefits from strong electronics and telecommunications sectors and strong trade ties with Finland, Sweden, and Germany. After two years of robust recovery in 2011 and 2012, the Estonian economy faltered in 2013 with only 1.6% GDP growth, mainEstonia is challenged by a shortage of labor, both skilled and unskilled, although the government has amended its immigration law to allow easier hiring of highly qualified foreign workers..
GDP is an important figure as all the relevant calculations and statistics are based on it. GDP in Estonia is $23.48 billion (2015 estimate).
An another important indicator is the rate of the GDP growth, which in Estonia is 1.5% (2016 estimate) 1.1% (2015 estimate) 2.9% (2014 estimate).
These statistics are affecting the world economy, remember in 2015 when the Chinese real GDP growth rate was worse than expected; The world markets fall, and the Chinese stock exchange was temporally suspended.
A further major factor of a country’s economy, the GDP per capita. In Estonia this is $29,500 (2016 estimate) $29,000 (2015 estimate) $28,700 (2014 estimate).
In the case of the economy, the Trinity is in common places, such as agriculture, industry, and services.
What are the agricultural products Estonia produces?
The main agricultural products of Estonia are grain, potatoes, vegetables; livestock and dairy products; fish.
Regarding the economy, the important segments are food, engineering, electronics, wood and wood products, textiles; information technology, telecommunications. The crucial and regularly mentioned GDP is based on food, engineering, electronics, wood and wood products, textiles; information technology, telecommunications.
Drinking water source in Estonia
It is important to mention, that - thanks to the development of the infrastructure -, the rate of potable water improved: urban: 100% of population, rural: 99% of population, total: 99.6% of population. Unimproved: urban: 0% of population, rural: 1% of population, total: 0.4% of population (2015 estimate).
Average number of childbirth in Estonia
In Estonia the average number of childbirth is 1.6 children born / woman (2016 estimate).
Population, median age, migration, and citizenship in Estonia
The average age of the population is total: 42.4 years; male: 39 years, female: 45.8 years (2016 estimate). The age of adulthood varies in every country of the world in Estonia it is 18 years of age, universal for all Estonian citizens.
In this age when we are experiencing an unprecedented scale of migration and globalization, it is an important factor the number of new coming immigrants. In Estonia is -3.2 migrant(s) / 1,000 population (2016 estimate). It is important to know, how to apply for citizenship: citizenship by birth: no. Citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Estonia. Dual citizenship recognized: no. Residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years.
Is Estonia a safe destination? Healthcare services and contagious diseases in Estonia
Many of the travelers are looking into the healthcare services and contagious diseases of their destinations. In Estonia density of the hospital beds is 5.3 beds / 1,000 population (2011).
According to WHO rating regarding contagious diseases in Estonia the degree of risk: intermediatevectorborne disease: tickborne encephalitis (2016).
However, the HIV is not curable but maintainable. Let’s do not forget when the disease surfaced it was a world threatening condition. Unfortunately, in some countries, it is still very high the number of infected patients and fatalities as a result of the disease.
In Estonia the number of HIV/AIDS deaths: .
Regarding tourism the obesity, not an important issue, but we have to mention among the health statistics, as it is the plague of the 20th and the 21st century. The rate obese adults in Estonia is 24.5% (2014).
What are the natural hazards Estonia? Is there any?
The most known natural risks in Estonia are sometimes flooding occurs in the spring.
More interesting facts about Estonia
A few words about the past, as every country and society its connected to its history; After centuries of Danish, Swedish, German, and Russian rule, Estonia attained independence in 1918. Forcibly incorporated into the USSR in 1940 - an action never recognized by the US - it regained its freedom in 1991 with the collapse of the Soviet Union. Since the last Russian troops left in 1994, Estonia has been free to promote economic and political ties with the Westimate It joined both NATO and the EU in the spring of 2004, formally joined the OECD in late 2010, and adopted the euro as its official currency on 1 January 2011..
In every nation's memory, there are cornerstones that placed the country on the timeline of history. The date of declaration of independence of Estonia: 20 August 1991 (declared); 6 September 1991 (recognized by the Soviet Union).
The flag and other symbols of Estonia
The colors, symbols, and animals on the flag usually have a historical background or related to an important milestone or memory of the nation.
This case is not an exception either, three equal horizontal bands of blue (top), black, and white; various interpretations are linked to the flag colors; blue represents faith, loyalty, and devotion, while also reminiscent of the sky, sea, and lakes of the country; black symbolizes the soil of the country and the dark past and suffering endured by the Estonian people; white refers to the striving towards enlightenment and virtue, and is the color of birch bark and snow, as well as summer nights illuminated by the midnight sun.
Apart from the flag, the symbol of the national unity is the national anthem. The main purpose of the anthem is to share the nation's core values, endeavors, and the patriotic feelings.
National symbols of Estonia: barn swallow, cornflower; national colors: blue, black, white.
Constitution of Estonia
The existence of the nation based on the constitution. Some constitutions knew around the world, like the U.S. Constitution that accepted on 17th of September 1787, in Philadelphia, the Constitution of United States of America.
It is not related to the declaration of independence that was stolen by Nicolas Cage in the movie National Treasure 🙂
What is the legal system of Estonia?
Most of the times the legal system of a country is in the focus of lawyers. It is a common fact that there are two main approaches in the world, “the law in books” and “the law in action.”
In the Anglo-Saxon world, the practice is the “law in action” while in the rest of the world where the law based on Roman law, the “law in books.”
The legal system of Estonia is civil law system.
It was Aristotle, who founded the theory of 3 separations of powers. In his view, these are the council of public affairs, the magistrates, and the justice system. In the age of enlightenment was the time when terminologies have been defined, the way we still use them. In most of the democratic countries, the three authorities are separated from each other. In dictatorships, the authorities are usually interwoven in one hand.
About the legislative branch of Estonia, we can highlight the following structures unicameral Parliament or Riigikogu (101 seats; members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by proportional representation vote to serve 4-year terms)elections: last held on 1 March 2015 (next to be held in March 2019)election results: percent of vote by party - RE 27.7%, K 24.8%, SDE 15.2%, IRL 13.7%, EV 8.7%, EKRE 8.1%, other 1.8%; seats by party - RE 30, K 27, SDE 15, IRL 14, EV 8, EKRE 7.
About the unemployment rate, labor force, and poverty line in Estonia
One of the major problems of the 21st-century economy is the unemployment. Governments are struggling to maintain a low level of the unemployment rate, but as a result of automation, the cheap 3rd world labor and the outsourcing of workflow, these attempts are failing. In Estonia the labor force is 651,200 (2016 estimate). Please bear in mind that the population in Estonia is total: 3.8 deaths / 1,000 live births; male: 3.7 deaths / 1,000 live births, female: 3.9 deaths / 1,000 live births (2016 estimate) - as we already mentioned above.
The rate of unemployment in Estonia is 6.5% (2016 estimate).
It is widely known that the gap between the rich and poor is widening on an enormous scale.
According to the 2017 shocking Oxfam report, the richest eight people’s fortune is equal to the fortune of the poorest half of the world's population.
In Estonia, the income of the households and consumption compared to the entire population: lowest 10%: 2.7% highhest 10%: 27.7% (2004).
Another widely used indicator is the so-called GINI index, which measures the inequalities of statistical dispersion, but mainly used for measuring the sharing of income and fortune.
The GINI index is named after its founder Corrado Gini an Italian economist. Gini index has grades between 0-1, but often it is used on a percentage basis. It is 0 if the examined criteria territorial distribution is equal. It is one if the criteria is concentrated on the territory. In Estonia the GINI index is .35,6 (2014).
The states usually set up a poverty line, which is more or less is a subjective measure. It varies by country its base is often the minimum pension, the incomes of the poorest 20 percent, the X percent of income per capita Etc.
In Estonia the people living under the poverty line is lowest 10%: 2.7% highhest 10%: 27.7% (2004).
About the budget and central governments debt of Estonia
Available budget mainly defines the state's economy. The budget of Estonia is; revenues: $9.559 billion, expenditures: $9.596 billion (2016 estimate). Taxes and other revenues are 40.7% of GDP (2016 estimate).
The budget deficit (Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)) is .
The fiscal year in Estonia is calendar year.
In country’s economy, we have to consider the public debt. Public debt is the consolidated sum of the state local, federal and central governments debt.
Inflation rate and prime lending rate in Estonia
A few further interesting and important economic data are the fallowing; Inflation rate: 0.3% (2016 estimate), -0.5% (2015 estimate) and the rate of the Commercial bank prime lending rate: 4.8% (31 December 2016 estimate).
Export/import partners and data of Estonia
Estonia, with the export of products, industrial tools, and other services, generates revenue. The export value in Estonia is: $12.27 billion (2016 estimate), $12.24 billion (2015 estimate). The total revenue of these activities: machinery and electrical equipment 34%, food products and beverages 9%, mineral fuels 9%, wood and wood products 10%, metals 7%, furniture 9%, vehicles and parts 6%, chemicals 5% (2015 estimate).
The most important imported products are: machinery and electrical equipment 28 %, mineral fuels 11%, food and food products 10%, vehicles 9%, chemical products 8%, metals 8% (2015 estimate), and the countries from where the import is coming: Finland 14.5%, Germany 11%, Lithuania 9%, Sweden 8.5%, Latvia 8.3%, Poland 7.4%, Russia 6.1%, Netherlands 5.5%, China 4.8% (2015).
Renewable energies used in Estonia
As an attempt to suppress the pollution of the environment, renewable energies has to replace the fossil energy. The more the proportion of renewable energies in a country means more effort against the pollution. Estonia, the indicator of how much of country’s produced energy is coming from hydroelectric source is 0.2% of total installed capacity (2014 estimate).
To indicate how much another renewable energy is produced is the 12% of total installed capacity (2014 estimate).
Telecommunication data of Estonia, calling code
To maintain the economy, the development of a reliable and modern telecommunications infrastructure is crucial. We can say the following about Estonia; foreign investment in the form of joint business ventures greatly improved telephone service with a wide range of high-quality voice, data, and Internet services availabledomestic: substantial fiber-optic cable systems carry telephone, TV, and radio traffic in the digital mode; Internet services are widely available; schools and libraries are connected to the Internet, a large percentage of the population files income tax returns oninternational: country code - 372; fiber-optic cables to Finland, Sweden, Latvia, and Russia provide worldwide packet-switched service; 2 international switches are located in Tallinn (2015).
Transport infrastructure in Estonia
In the 21st century, we often say that the world has become small and there are no distances anymore. With widespread air travel when (sometimes) there are no visa restrictions, it is easy to reach other countries, but in case the distance is not too long, we can also use railway or water transportation.
The number of airports in Estonia: 18 (2013), and the number of heliports: 1 (2012).
The total length of the roadways in Estonia: total: 58,412 km (includes urban roads)paved: 10,427 km (includes 115 km of expressways), unpaved: 47,985 km (2011).
The total length of the waterways in Estonia: 335 km (320 km are navigable year round) (2011).
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Facts about Estonia
Name of the country: conventional long form: Republic of Estonia, conventional short form: Estonia, local long form: Eesti Vabariik, local short form: Eesti, former: Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic, etymology: the country name may be derived from the Aesti, an ancient people who lived along the eastern Baltic Sea in the first centuries A.D..
|Abbrevation: Estonia||Geographic coordinates:
59 00 N, 26 00 E
|Capital of Estonia: Tallinn||GPS of the Capital:
59 26 N 24 43 E
|Position: Eastern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and Gulf of Finland, between Latvia and Russia|
|Land area: total: 45,228 sq km; land: 42,388 sq km, water: 2,840 sq km||Terrain: marshy, lowlands; flat in the north, hilly in the south
||Area comparative: about twice the size of New Jersey|
|Population: 1,258,545 (July 2016 estimate)||Population grow rate: -0.54% (2016 estimate)||Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s) / female, 0-14 years: 1.05 male(s) / female, 15-24 years: 1.08 male(s) / female, 25-54 years: 1.01 male(s) / female, 55-64 years: 0.81 male(s) / female, 65 years and over: 0.51 male(s) / female, total population: 0.88 male(s) / female, (2016 estimate)|
|Exports: $12.27 billion (2016 estimate), $12.24 billion (2015 estimate)||Imports: $13.46 billion (2016 estimate), $13.19 billion (2015 estimate)||Import partners: Finland 14.5%, Germany 11%, Lithuania 9%, Sweden 8.5%, Latvia 8.3%, Poland 7.4%, Russia 6.1%, Netherlands 5.5%, China 4.8% (2015)|
|Urbanization: urban population: 67.5% of total population (2015)||Major urban area(s): TALLINN (capital) 391,000 (2015)||Median age: total: 42.4 years; male: 39 years, female: 45.8 years (2016 estimate)
|Internet users: total: 1.119 million. Percent of population: 88.4% (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (fixed lines): total subscriptions: 387,607. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 31 (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (mobile, cellular): total: 1.904 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 150 (July 2015 estimate)|
|Unemployment rate: 6.5% (2016 estimate)||Nationality: Estonian(s) adjective: Estonian||National holidays: Independence Day, 24 February (1918)|
|Life expectancy at birth: total population: 76.7 years. Male: 71.9 years, female: 81.7 years (2016 estimate)||Total fertility rate: 1.6 children born / woman (2016 estimate)||Birthrate: 10.3 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate)|
|Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write. Total population: 99.8%; male: 99.8%, female: 99.8% (2015 estimate)||Legal system: civil law system||Suffrage: 18 years of age, universal for all Estonian citizens|
|Industries: food, engineering, electronics, wood and wood products, textiles; information technology, telecommunications||Industrial production growth rate: 3.2% (2016 estimate)||GDP real growth rate: 1.5% (2016 estimate) 1.1% (2015 estimate) 2.9% (2014 estimate)|
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