|Borderline map of Germany||Location map of Germany||Flag of Germany|
Google maps and detailed facts of Germany, (DE). This page enables you to explore Germany and its border countries (Location: Central Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and the North Sea, between the Netherlands and Poland, south of Denmark) through detailed Satellite imagery - fast and easy as never before Google maps.
Find comprehensive information below about this country in its diversity: geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government, and history - All in One Wiki page!
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Germany Google Map
The map below shows Germany with its cities, towns, highways, main roads, streets and also providing Street Views. To find a location use the form below, type any city or place and to view, just a simple map click on the "Show Map" button.
The Google map above is showing Germany with its location: Europe, (geographic coordinates: 51 00 N, 9 00 E) and the international borders of Germany; total: 3,714 km. Border countries (total: 9): Austria 801 km, Belgium 133 km, Czech Republic 704 km, Denmark 140 km, France 418 km, Luxembourg 128 km, Netherlands 575 km, Poland 467 km, Switzerland 348 km furthermore its inland counties boundaries.
Hint: Have a look at the Street view in Germany, or Europe. All you have to do is to drag and pull the little yellow man (named: Pegman) on the Google map above the desired location. After that whenever it is available (more than 50 countries in the world), blue stripes will appear to show the photos and details from Google’s regularly updated data image base.
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About Germany in detail
Where is Germany?
Germany, in case if you are looking on the map under the Coordinates 52 31 N 13 24 E otherwise in Europe, in Central Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and the North Sea, between the Netherlands and Poland, south of Denmark.
What is the capital of Germany?
The capital city of Germany is: Berlin.
What is the time in Berlin?
It is 6 hours ahead of Washington DC during Standard Time, the timezone of Berlin is: UTC+1.
What is the Internet code for Germany?
The Top Level Domain (TLD) for Germany is: .de
What is the size of Germany?
The territory of Germany is total: 357,022 sq km; land: 348,672 sq km, water: 8,350 sq km.
If we want to describe the size of the territory of Germany is three times the size of Pennsylvania; slightly smaller than Montana.
If we would like to walk around and discover Germany, we can do that by covering the distance of total: 3,714 km.
What is the water coverage of Germany?
We have mentioned already on this website, that what percentage of Germany is covered by water (see below), and this includes 2,389 km coastline.
What is the climate like in Germany?
The climate of Germany is temperate and marine: cool, cloudy, wet winters and summers: occasional warm mountain (foehn) wind.
Geographical data of Germany
The elevation of Germany; mean elevation: 263 m, elevation extremes; lowest point: Neuendorf bei Wilster -3.54 m, highest point: Zugspitze 2,963 m.
The typical geographical details of Germany include lowlands in north, uplands in center, Bavarian Alps in south.
If we would like to describe the countries location from a different point of view, it is safe to say, and easy to read from a map, Germany is strategic location on North European Plain and along the entrance to the Baltic Sea; most major rivers in Germany - the Rhine, Weser, Oder, Elbe - flow northward; the Danube, which originates in the German Alps, flows eastward.
Resources and land use of Germany
The country’s main mined products are coal, lignite, natural gas, iron ore, copper, nickel, uranium, potash, salt, construction materials, timber, arable land. The population partly uses the earlier highlighted land territory and partly left in its natural state: agricultural land: 48%; arable land 34.1%; permanent crops 0.6%; permanent pasture 13.3%; forest: 31.8%; other: 20.2% (2011 estimate).
Population data of Germany
The number of inhabitants of Germany is 80,722,792 (July 2016 estimate).
If we examine the proportion of population distribution, it is safe to say that most populous country in Europe; a fairly even distribution throughout most of the country, with urban areas attracting larger and denser populations, particularly in the far western part of the industrial state of North Rhine-Westphalia.
If we are looking at the proportion of the urbanized and barely populated areas, these are the figures: urban population: 75.3% of total population (2015).
Most of the population in Germany is concentrated in BERLIN (capital) 3.563 million; Hamburg 1.831 million; Munich 1.438 million; Cologne 1.037 million (2015).
Ethnicity in Germany
According to ethnicity details, the ethnic groups in this country are the following: German 91.5%, Turkish 2.4%, other 6.1% (made up largely of Greek, Italian, Polish, Russian, Serbo-Croatian, Spanish).
Spoken languages in Germany
The spoken languages in Germany are the following: German (official language). Note: Danish, Frisian, Sorbian, and Romany are official language minority languages; Low German, Danish, North Frisian, Sater Frisian, Lower Sorbian, Upper Sorbian, and Romany are recognized as regional languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages.
What are the most important religions in Germany?
During the general census, researchers examine the churches, according to this: Protestant 34%, Roman Catholic 34%, Muslim 3.7%, unaffiliated or other 28.3%.
Further population data of Germany
The proportion of gender and age tells a lot about the society as follows 0-14 years: 12.83% (male 5,317,183 / female 5,040,664) 15-24 years: 10.22% (male 4,203,985 / female 4,044,789) 25-54 years: 40.96% (male 16,721,667 / female 16,345,911) 55-64 years: 14.23% (male 5,695,117 / female 5,788,493) 65 years and over: 21.76% (male 7,709,799 / female 9,855,184) (2016 estimate). It also a significant factor in a society the population growth rate, which in the case of Germany is -0.16% (2016 estimate).
The population growth rate is based on two elements, the birth, and the death rate. In Germany the birth rate is 8.5 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate), the death rate 11.6 deaths / 1,000 population (2016 estimate).
In this day and age in the developed societies, the first child borns later compared to the previous centuries and decades, so the childbearing is extended. In Germany the average age of mothers at the first childbirth is .
In the best case scenario despite the fact that the birth of the children is postponed, the parents are still able to see their kids grow as the life expectancy is also extended. In the case of Germany, these figures are . With the introduction of modern medicine, the vaccinations and the proper hygienic conditions, the infant mortality rate is in a steep decline. The infant mortality statistics in Germany are the following: . Relevant data is the budget of healthcare, which is in the case of this country is 11.3% of GDP (2014).
Economic data of Germany
If we would like to describe a country, we also have to mention its economy; The German economy - the fifth largest economy in the world in PPP terms and Europe's largest - is a leading exporter of machinery, vehicles, chemicals, and household equipment and benefits from a highly skilled labor force. Like its Western European neigReforms launched by the government of Chancellor Gerhard SCHROEDER (1998-2005), deemed necessary to address chronically high unemployment and low average growth, contributed to strong growth and falling unemployment. These advances, as well as a governmenStimulus and stabilization efforts initiated in 2008 and 2009 and tax cuts introduced in Chancellor Angela MERKEL's second term increased Germany's total budget deficit - including federal, state, and municipal - to 4.1% in 2010, but slower spending and hThe German economy suffers from low levels of investment, and a government plan to invest 15 billion euros during 2016-18, largely in infrastructure, is intended to spur needed private investment. Following the March 2011 Fukushima nuclear disaster, Chanc.
GDP is an important figure as all the relevant calculations and statistics are based on it. GDP in Germany is $3.495 trillion (2015 estimate).
An another important indicator is the rate of the GDP growth, which in Germany is 1.7% (2016 estimate) 1.5% (2015 estimate) 1.6% (2014 estimate).
These statistics are affecting the world economy, remember in 2015 when the Chinese real GDP growth rate was worse than expected; The world markets fall, and the Chinese stock exchange was temporally suspended.
A further major factor of a country’s economy, the GDP per capita. In Germany this is $48,200 (2016 estimate) $47,600 (2015 estimate) $47,500 (2014 estimate).
In the case of the economy, the Trinity is in common places, such as agriculture, industry, and services.
What are the agricultural products Germany produces?
The main agricultural products of Germany are potatoes, wheat, barley, sugar beets, fruit, cabbages; milk products; cattle, pigs, poultry.
Regarding the economy, the important segments are among the world's largest and most technologically advanced producers of iron, steel, coal, cement, chemicals, machinery, vehicles, machine tools, electronics, automobiles, food and beverages, shipbuilding, textiles. The crucial and regularly mentioned GDP is based on among the world's largest and most technologically advanced producers of iron, steel, coal, cement, chemicals, machinery, vehicles, machine tools, electronics, automobiles, food and beverages, shipbuilding, textiles.
Drinking water source in Germany
It is important to mention, that - thanks to the development of the infrastructure -, the rate of potable water improved: urban: 100% of population, rural: 100% of population, total: 100% of population. Unimproved: urban: 0% of population, rural: 0% of population, total: 0% of population (2015 estimate).
Average number of childbirth in Germany
In Germany the average number of childbirth is 1.44 children born / woman (2016 estimate).
Population, median age, migration, and citizenship in Germany
The average age of the population is total: 46.8 years; male: 45.7 years, female: 47.9 years (2016 estimate). The age of adulthood varies in every country of the world in Germany it is 18 years of age, universal.
In this age when we are experiencing an unprecedented scale of migration and globalization, it is an important factor the number of new coming immigrants. In Germany is 1.5 migrant(s) / 1,000 population (2016 estimate). It is important to know, how to apply for citizenship: citizenship by birth: no. Citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a German citizen or a resident alien who has lived in Germany at least 8 years. Dual citizenship recognized: yes, but requires prior permission from governmentresidency requirement for naturalization: 8 years.
Is Germany a safe destination? Healthcare services and contagious diseases in Germany
Many of the travelers are looking into the healthcare services and contagious diseases of their destinations. In Germany density of the hospital beds is 8.2 beds / 1,000 population (2011).
According to WHO rating regarding contagious diseases in Germany the N/A.
However, the HIV is not curable but maintainable. Let’s do not forget when the disease surfaced it was a world threatening condition. Unfortunately, in some countries, it is still very high the number of infected patients and fatalities as a result of the disease.
In Germany the number of HIV/AIDS deaths: .
Regarding tourism the obesity, not an important issue, but we have to mention among the health statistics, as it is the plague of the 20th and the 21st century. The rate obese adults in Germany is 22.7% (2014).
What are the natural hazards Germany? Is there any?
The most known natural risks in Germany are flooding.
More interesting facts about Germany
A few words about the past, as every country and society its connected to its history; As Europe's largest economy and second most populous nation (after Russia), Germany is a key member of the continent's economic, political, and defense organizations. European power struggles immersed Germany in two devastating World Wars in the first half of the 20th century and left the country occupied by the victorious Allied powers of the US, UK, France, and the Soviet Union in 1945. With the advent of the Cold War, two German states were formed in 1949: the western Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) and the eastern German Democratic Republic (GDR). The democratic FRG embedded itself in key western economic and security organizations, the EC, which became the EU, and NATO, while the communist GDR was on the front line of the Soviet-led Warsaw Pact. The decline of the USSR and the end of the Cold War allowed for German unification in 1990. Since then, Germany has expended considerable funds to bring eastern productivity and wages up to western standards. In January 1999, Germany and 10 other EU countries introduced a common European exchange currency, the euro..
In every nation's memory, there are cornerstones that placed the country on the timeline of history. The date of declaration of independence of Germany: 18 January 1871 (establishment of the German Empire); divided into four zones of occupation (UK, US, USSR, and France) in 1945 following World War II; Federal Republic of Germany (FRG or West Germany) proclaimed on 23 May 1949 and included the former UK, US, and French zones; German Democratic Republic (GDR or East Germany) proclaimed on 7 October 1949 and included the former USSR zone; West Germany and East Germany unified on 3 October 1990; all four powers formally relinquished rights on 15 March 1991; notable earlier dates: 10 August 843 (Eastern Francia established from the division of the Carolingian Empire); 2 February 962 (crowning of OTTO I, recognized as the first Holy Roman Emperor).
The flag and other symbols of Germany
The colors, symbols, and animals on the flag usually have a historical background or related to an important milestone or memory of the nation.
This case is not an exception either, three equal horizontal bands of black (top), red, and gold; these colors have played an important role in German history and can be traced back to the medieval banner of the Holy Roman Emperor - a black eagle with red claws and beak on a gold field.
Apart from the flag, the symbol of the national unity is the national anthem. The main purpose of the anthem is to share the nation's core values, endeavors, and the patriotic feelings.
National symbols of Germany: golden eagle; national colors: black, red, yellow.
Constitution of Germany
The existence of the nation based on the constitution. Some constitutions knew around the world, like the U.S. Constitution that accepted on 17th of September 1787, in Philadelphia, the Constitution of United States of America.
It is not related to the declaration of independence that was stolen by Nicolas Cage in the movie National Treasure 🙂
What is the legal system of Germany?
Most of the times the legal system of a country is in the focus of lawyers. It is a common fact that there are two main approaches in the world, “the law in books” and “the law in action.”
In the Anglo-Saxon world, the practice is the “law in action” while in the rest of the world where the law based on Roman law, the “law in books.”
The legal system of Germany is civil law system.
It was Aristotle, who founded the theory of 3 separations of powers. In his view, these are the council of public affairs, the magistrates, and the justice system. In the age of enlightenment was the time when terminologies have been defined, the way we still use them. In most of the democratic countries, the three authorities are separated from each other. In dictatorships, the authorities are usually interwoven in one hand.
About the legislative branch of Germany, we can highlight the following structures bicameral Parliament or Parlament consists of the Federal Council or Bundesrat (69 seats; members appointed by each of the 16 state governments or landtags) and the Federal Diet or Bundestag (631 seats - total seats can vary each electoral term; approximately one-half of members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by proportional representation vote and approximately one-half directly elected in single-seat constituencies by simple majority vote; members serve 4-year terms)elections: Bundestag - last held on 22 September 2013 (next to be held no later than autumn 2017); most all postwar German governments have been coalitions; note - there are no elections for the Bundesrat; composition is determined by the composition of the state-level governments; the composition of the Bundesrat has the potential to change any time one of the 16 states holds an electionelection results: Bundestag - percent of vote by party - CDU/CSU 41.5%, SPD 25.7%, Left 8.6%, Greens 8.4%, FDP 4.8%, other 10.9%; seats by party - CDU/CSU 311, SPD 193, Left 64, Greens 63.
About the unemployment rate, labor force, and poverty line in Germany
One of the major problems of the 21st-century economy is the unemployment. Governments are struggling to maintain a low level of the unemployment rate, but as a result of automation, the cheap 3rd world labor and the outsourcing of workflow, these attempts are failing. In Germany the labor force is 45.3 million (2016 estimate). Please bear in mind that the population in Germany is total: 3.4 deaths / 1,000 live births; male: 3.7 deaths / 1,000 live births, female: 3.1 deaths / 1,000 live births (2016 estimate) - as we already mentioned above.
The rate of unemployment in Germany is 4.3% (2016 estimate).
It is widely known that the gap between the rich and poor is widening on an enormous scale.
According to the 2017 shocking Oxfam report, the richest eight people’s fortune is equal to the fortune of the poorest half of the world's population.
In Germany, the income of the households and consumption compared to the entire population: lowest 10%: 3.6% highhest 10%: 24% (2000).
Another widely used indicator is the so-called GINI index, which measures the inequalities of statistical dispersion, but mainly used for measuring the sharing of income and fortune.
The GINI index is named after its founder Corrado Gini an Italian economist. Gini index has grades between 0-1, but often it is used on a percentage basis. It is 0 if the examined criteria territorial distribution is equal. It is one if the criteria is concentrated on the territory. In Germany the GINI index is .27 (2006).
The states usually set up a poverty line, which is more or less is a subjective measure. It varies by country its base is often the minimum pension, the incomes of the poorest 20 percent, the X percent of income per capita Etc.
In Germany the people living under the poverty line is lowest 10%: 3.6% highhest 10%: 24% (2000).
About the budget and central governments debt of Germany
Available budget mainly defines the state's economy. The budget of Germany is; revenues: $1.507 trillionexpenditures: $1.484 trillion (2016 estimate). Taxes and other revenues are 43.1% of GDP (2016 estimate).
The budget deficit (Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)) is .
The fiscal year in Germany is calendar year.
In country’s economy, we have to consider the public debt. Public debt is the consolidated sum of the state local, federal and central governments debt.
Inflation rate and prime lending rate in Germany
A few further interesting and important economic data are the fallowing; Inflation rate: 0.4% (2016 estimate), 0.1% (2015 estimate) and the rate of the Commercial bank prime lending rate: 1.7% (31 December 2016 estimate).
Export/import partners and data of Germany
Germany, with the export of products, industrial tools, and other services, generates revenue. The export value in Germany is: $1.283 trillion (2016 estimate), $1.309 trillion (2015 estimate). The total revenue of these activities: motor vehicles, machinery, chemicals, computer and electronic products, electrical equipment, pharmaceuticals, metals, transport equipment, foodstuffs, textiles, rubber and plastic products.
The most important imported products are: machinery, data processing equipment, vehicles, chemicals, oil and gas, metals, electric equipment, pharmaceuticals, foodstuffs, agricultural products, and the countries from where the import is coming: Netherlands 13.7%, France 7.6%, China 7.3%, Belgium 6%, Italy 5.2%, Poland 5%, US 4.7%, Czech Republic 4.5%, UK 4.2%, Austria 4.2%, Switzerland 4.2% (2015).
Renewable energies used in Germany
As an attempt to suppress the pollution of the environment, renewable energies has to replace the fossil energy. The more the proportion of renewable energies in a country means more effort against the pollution. Germany, the indicator of how much of country’s produced energy is coming from hydroelectric source is 2.5% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
To indicate how much another renewable energy is produced is the 41.2% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
Telecommunication data of Germany, calling code
To maintain the economy, the development of a reliable and modern telecommunications infrastructure is crucial. We can say the following about Germany; one of the world's most technologically advanced telecommunications systems; as a result of intensive capital expenditures since reunification, the formerly backward system of the eastern part of the country, dating back to World War II, has been modernizdomestic: extensive system of automatic telephone exchanges connected by modern networks of fiber-optic cable, coaxial cable, microwave radio relay, and a domestic satellite system; cellular telephone service is widely available, expanding rapidly, and includes roainternational: country code - 49; Germany's international service is excellent worldwide, consisting of extensive land and undersea cable facilities as well as earth stations in the Inmarsat, Intelsat, Eutelsat, and Intersputnik satellite systems (2015).
Transport infrastructure in Germany
In the 21st century, we often say that the world has become small and there are no distances anymore. With widespread air travel when (sometimes) there are no visa restrictions, it is easy to reach other countries, but in case the distance is not too long, we can also use railway or water transportation.
The number of airports in Germany: 539 (2013), and the number of heliports: 23 (2013).
The total length of the roadways in Germany: total: 645,000 km, paved: 645,000 km (includes 12,800 km of expressways). Note: includes local roads (2010).
The total length of the waterways in Germany: 7,467 km (Rhine River carries most goods; Main-Danube Canal links North Sea and Black Sea) (2012).
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Facts about Germany
Name of the country: conventional long form: Federal Republic of Germany, conventional short form: Germany, local long form: Bundesrepublik Deutschland, local short form: Deutschland, former: German Empire, German Republic, German Reich, etymology: the Gauls (Celts) of Western Europe may have referred to the newly arriving Germanic tribes who settled in neighboring areas east of the Rhine during the first centuries B.C. as "Germani," a term the Romans adopted as "Germania"; the native designation "Deutsch" comes from the Old High German "diutisc" meaning "of the people".
|Abbrevation: Germany||Geographic coordinates:
51 00 N, 9 00 E
|Capital of Germany: Berlin||GPS of the Capital:
52 31 N 13 24 E
|Position: Central Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and the North Sea, between the Netherlands and Poland, south of Denmark|
|Land area: total: 357,022 sq km; land: 348,672 sq km, water: 8,350 sq km||Terrain: lowlands in north, uplands in center, Bavarian Alps in south
||Area comparative: three times the size of Pennsylvania; slightly smaller than Montana|
|Population: 80,722,792 (July 2016 estimate)||Population grow rate: -0.16% (2016 estimate)||Sex ratio: at birth: 1.06 male(s) / female, 0-14 years: 1.05 male(s) / female, 15-24 years: 1.04 male(s) / female, 25-54 years: 1.02 male(s) / female, 55-64 years: 0.98 male(s) / female, 65 years and over: 0.78 male(s) / female, total population: 0.97 male(s) / female, (2016 estimate)|
|Exports: $1.283 trillion (2016 estimate), $1.309 trillion (2015 estimate)||Imports: $987.6 billion (2016 estimate), $1.017 trillion (2015 estimate)||Import partners: Netherlands 13.7%, France 7.6%, China 7.3%, Belgium 6%, Italy 5.2%, Poland 5%, US 4.7%, Czech Republic 4.5%, UK 4.2%, Austria 4.2%, Switzerland 4.2% (2015)|
|Urbanization: urban population: 75.3% of total population (2015)||Major urban area(s): BERLIN (capital) 3.563 million; Hamburg 1.831 million; Munich 1.438 million; Cologne 1.037 million (2015)||Median age: total: 46.8 years; male: 45.7 years, female: 47.9 years (2016 estimate)
|Internet users: total: 70.82 million. Percent of population: 87.6% (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (fixed lines): total subscriptions: 45.352 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 56 (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (mobile, cellular): total: 96.36 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 119 (July 2015 estimate)|
|Unemployment rate: 4.3% (2016 estimate)||Nationality: German(s) adjective: German||National holidays: Unity Day, 3 October (1990)|
|Life expectancy at birth: total population: 80.7 years. Male: 78.4 years, female: 83.1 years (2016 estimate)||Total fertility rate: 1.44 children born / woman (2016 estimate)||Birthrate: 8.5 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate)|
|Literacy: N/A||Legal system: civil law system||Suffrage: 18 years of age, universal|
|Industries: among the world's largest and most technologically advanced producers of iron, steel, coal, cement, chemicals, machinery, vehicles, machine tools, electronics, automobiles, food and beverages, shipbuilding, textiles||Industrial production growth rate: 1.5% (2016 estimate)||GDP real growth rate: 1.7% (2016 estimate) 1.5% (2015 estimate) 1.6% (2014 estimate)|
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