|Borderline map of Netherlands||Location map of the Netherlands||Flag of Netherlands|
Google maps and detailed facts of the Netherlands (NL). This page enables you to explore the Netherlands and its border countries (Country Location: Western Europe, bordering the North Sea, between Belgium and Germany) through detailed Satellite imagery – fast and easy as never before Google maps.
Find comprehensive information below about this country in its diversity: Google maps, geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government, and history – All in One Wiki page.
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Netherlands Google Maps & Satellite Maps
The map below shows the Netherlands with its cities, towns, highways, main roads, streets, and Street Views. To find a location, use the form below, type any city or place, view just a simple map, and click on the “show map” button.
The Google map above shows the Netherlands with its location: Europe (geographic coordinates: 52 30 N, 5 45 E) and the international borders of Netherlands; total: 1,053 km. Border countries (total: 2): Belgium 478 km, Germany 575 km; furthermore, it’s inland counties boundaries.
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About the Netherlands in detail
Where is the Netherlands?
The Netherlands, in case, if you are looking on the map under the Coordinates 52 21 N 4 55 E otherwise in Europe, in Western Europe, bordering the North Sea, between Belgium and Germany.
What is the capital city of the Netherlands?
The capital city of the Netherlands is Amsterdam.
What is the time in Amsterdam?
It is 6 hours ahead of Washington, D.C. during Standard Time; Amsterdam’s timezone is UTC+1.
What is the Internet code for the Netherlands?
The Top Level Domain (TLD) for the Netherlands is: .nl
What is the size of the Netherlands?
The territory of Netherlands is total: 41,543 sq km; land: 33,893 sq km, water: 7,650 sq km.
If we want to describe the size of the Netherlands’ size is slightly less than twice the size of New Jersey.
If we would like to walk around and discover the Netherlands, we can cover a total distance: 1,053 km.
What is the water coverage of the Netherlands?
We have already mentioned what percentage of Netherlands is covered by water (see below), and this includes 451 km coastline.
What is the climate like in the Netherlands?
The climate of the Netherlands is temperate: marine: cool summers and mild winters.
Geographical data of the Netherlands
Netherlands’ elevation; mean elevation: 30 m, elevation extremes; lowest point: Zuidplaspolder -7 m, highest point: Mount Scenery 862 m.
Netherlands’ specific geographical details include mostly coastal lowland and reclaimed land (polders); some hills in the southeast.
Suppose we would like to describe the countries location from a different perspective. In that case, it is safe to say, and easy to read from a map, Netherlands is located at the mouths of three major European rivers (the Rhine, Maas or Meuse, and Schelde).
Resources and land use of the Netherlands
The country’s main mined products are natural gas, petroleum, peat, limestone, salt, sand and gravel, arable land. The population partly uses the earlier highlighted land territory and partly left in its natural state: agricultural land: 55.1%; arable land 29.8%; permanent crops 1.1%; permanent pasture 24.2%; forest: 10.8%; other: 34.1% (2011 estimate).
Population data of the Netherlands
The number of inhabitants of the Netherlands is 17,016,967 (July 2016 estimate).
If we examine the proportion of the population distribution, it is safe to say that an area known as the Randstad, anchored by the cities of Amsterdam, Rotterdam, the Hague, and Utrecht, is the most densely populated region; the north tends to be less dense, though sizeable communities can be found throughout the entire country.
If we look at the proportion of the urbanized and barely populated areas, these are the figures: urban population: 90.5% of the total population (2015).
Most of the population in the Netherlands is concentrated in AMSTERDAM (capital) 1.091 million; Rotterdam 993,000; The Hague (seat of government) 650,000 (2015).
Ethnicity in the Netherlands
According to ethnicity details, the ethnic groups are Dutch 78.6%, EU 5.8%, Turkish 2.4%, Indonesian 2.2%, Moroccan 2.2%, Surinamese 2.1%, Bonairian, Saba Islander, Sint Eustatian 0.8%, other 5.9% (2014 estimate).
Spoken languages in the Netherlands
The spoken languages in the Netherlands are the following: Dutch (official language). Note: Frisian is an official language in Fryslan province; Frisian, Low Saxon, Limburgish, Romani, and Yiddish have protected status under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages; Dutch is the official language of the three special municipalities of the Caribbean Netherlands, while English is a recognized regional language on Sint Eustatius and Saba and Papiamento is a recognized regional language on Bonaire.
What are the most important religions in the Netherlands?
During the general census, researchers examine the churches, according to this: Roman Catholic 28%, Protestant 19% (includes Dutch Reformed 9%, Protestant Church of The Netherlands, 7%, Calvinist 3%), other 11% (includes about 5% Muslim and fewer numbers of Hindu, Buddhist, Jehovah’s Witness, and Orthodox), none 42% (2009 estimate).
Further population data of the Netherlands
The proportion of gender and age tells a lot about the society as follows 0-14 years: 16.56% (male 1,442,059 / female 1,375,479) 15-24 years: 12.11% (male 1,050,889 / female 1,010,596) 25-54 years: 39.83% (male 3,400,998 / female 3,377,311) 55-64 years: 13.14% (male 1,113,587 / female 1,123,165) 65 years and over: 18.35% (male 1,411,830 / female 1,711,053) (2016 estimate). It also a significant factor in a society the population growth rate, which in the case of Netherlands is 0.4% (2016 estimate).
The population growth rate is based on two elements, the birth and the death rate. In Netherlands the birth rate is 10.9 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate), the death rate 8.8 deaths / 1,000 population (2016 estimate).
In this day and age in developed societies, the first child borns later compared to the previous centuries and decades, so childbearing is extended. In the Netherlands, the average age of mothers at the first childbirth is N/A.
Although the children’s birth is postponed in the best-case scenario, the parents can still see their kids grow as life expectancy also extended. In the case of the Netherlands, these figures are. With the introduction of modern medicine, vaccinations, and the proper hygienic conditions, the infant mortality rate is in a steep decline. The infant mortality statistics in the Netherlands are the following: N/A. Relevant data is the budget of healthcare, which is in the case of this country is 10.9% of GDP (2014).
Economic data of the Netherlands
Suppose we would like to describe a country. We also have to mention its economy; The Netherlands, the sixth-largest economy in the European Union, plays a vital role as a European transportation hub, with a persistently high trade surplus, stable industrial relations, and moderate unemployment. Industry focuses on food processing. The Netherlands is part of the eurozone, and as such, its monetary policy is controlled by the European Central Bank. The Dutch financial sector is highly concentrated, with four commercial banks possessing over 90% of banking assets. The government of Prime Minister Mark RUTTE has since implemented significant austerity measures to improve public finances and has instituted broad structural reforms in key policy areas, including the labor market, the housing sector, and the energy market.
GDP is a prominent figure, as all the relevant calculations and statistics are based on it. GDP in the Netherlands is $769.9 billion (2015 estimate).
Another important indicator is the rate of GDP growth, which in the Netherlands is 1.7% (2016 estimate), 2% (2015 estimate) 1.4% (2014 estimate).
These statistics affect the world economy; remember, in 2015, the Chinese real GDP growth rate was worse than expected; The world markets fall, and the Chinese stock exchange was temporarily suspended.
A further major factor of a country’s economy, the GDP per capita. In Netherlands this is $50,800 (2016 estimate) $50,300 (2015 estimate) $49,500 (2014 estimate).
In the economy, the Trinity is in common places, such as agriculture, industry, and services.
What are the agricultural products the Netherlands produces?
Netherlands’ main agricultural products are grains, potatoes, sugar beets, fruits, vegetables; livestock.
The important segments are agroindustries, metal and engineering products, electrical machinery and equipment, chemicals, petroleum, construction, microelectronics, fishing. The crucial and regularly mentioned GDP is based on agroindustries, metal and engineering products, electrical machinery and equipment, chemicals, petroleum, construction, microelectronics, fishing.
Drinking water source in the Netherlands
It is essential to mention that – thanks to the development of the infrastructure -, the rate of potable water improved: urban: 100% of the population, rural: 100% of the population, total: 100% of the population. Unimproved: urban: 0% of the population, rural: 0% of the population, total: 0% of the population (2015 estimate).
The average number of childbirth in the Netherlands
In the Netherlands, the average delivery number is 1.78 children born / woman (2016 estimate).
Population, median age, migration, and citizenship in the Netherlands
The population’s average age is 42.5 years; male: 41.4 years, female: 43.4 years (2016 estimate). The age of adulthood varies in every country of the world in the Netherlands; it is 18 years of age, universal.
When we are experiencing an unprecedented scale of migration and globalization, it is an important factor in the number of new immigrants. In Netherlands is 1.9 migrant(s) / 1,000 population (2016 estimate). It is important to know how to apply for citizenship: citizenship by birth: no. Citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of the Netherlands. Dual citizenship recognized: no—residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years.
Is the Netherlands a safe destination? Healthcare services and infectious diseases in the Netherlands
Many of the travelers are looking into the healthcare services and infectious diseases of their destinations. In the Netherlands, the hospital beds’ density is 4.7 beds / 1,000 population (2009).
According to the WHO rating regarding contagious diseases in the Netherlands: N/A.
However, HIV is not curable but maintainable. Let’s do not forget when the disease surfaced; it was a world threatening condition. Unfortunately, in some countries, it is still very high the number of infected patients and fatalities due to the disease.
In the Netherlands, the number of HIV/AIDS deaths: N/A.
Regarding tourism obesity, not an important issue, but we have to mention health statistics, as it is the plague of the 20th and the 21st century. The rate of obese adults in the Netherlands is 21.9% (2014).
What are the natural hazards in the Netherlands? Is there any?
The most known natural risk in the Netherlands is flooding.
More interesting facts about the Netherlands
A few words about the past, as every country and society, is connected to its history; The Dutch United Provinces declared their independence from Spain in 1579; during the 17th century, they became a leading seafaring and commercial power, with settlements and colonies around the world. After a 20-year French occupation, the Kingdom of the Netherlands was formed in 1815. In 1830, Belgium seceded and formed a separate kingdom. The Netherlands remained neutral in World War I but suffered German invasion and occupation in World War II. A modern, industrialized nation, the Netherlands is also a large exporter of agricultural products. The country was a founding member of NATO and the EEC (now the EU) and introduced the euro in 1999. In October 2010, the former Netherlands Antilles was dissolved, and the three smallest islands – Bonaire, Sint Eustatius, and Saba – became special municipalities in the Netherlands administrative structure. The larger islands of Sint Maarten and Curacao joined the Netherlands and Aruba as constituent countries forming the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
In every nation’s memory, some cornerstones placed the country on the timeline of history. The date of declaration of independence of Netherlands: 23 January 1579 (the northern provinces of the Low Countries conclude the Union of Utrecht breaking with Spain; on 26 July 1581 they formally declared their independence with an Act of Abjuration; however, it was not until 30 January 1648 and the Peace of Westphalia that Spain recognized this independence).
The flag and other symbols of the Netherlands
The colors, symbols, and animals on the flag usually have a historical background or an important milestone or memory of the nation.
This case is not an exception either; three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and blue; similar to the flag of Luxembourg, which uses a lighter blue and is longer; the colors were those of WILLIAM I, Prince of Orange, who led the Dutch Revolt against Spanish sovereignty in the latter half of the 16th century; originally the upper band was orange, but because it tended to fade to red over time, the red shade was eventually made the permanent color; the banner is perhaps the oldest tricolor in continuous use.
Apart from the flag, the symbol of national unity is the national anthem. The anthem’s primary purpose is to share the nation’s core values, endeavors, and patriotic feelings.
National symbols of Netherlands: lion, tulip; national color: orange.
Constitution of the Netherlands
The existence of the nation is based on the constitution. Some constitutions knew worldwide, like the U.S. Constitution that was accepted on the 17th of September 1787, in Philadelphia, the United States of America’s Constitution.
It is not related to the declaration of independence that was stolen by Nicolas Cage in the movie National Treasure 🙂
What is the legal system of the Netherlands?
Most of the time, the legal system of a country is the focus of lawyers. It is a common fact that there are two main approaches in the world, “the law in books” and “the law in action.”
In the Anglo-Saxon world, the practice is the “law in action,” while in the rest of the world, the law is based on Roman law, the “law in books.”
Netherlands’ legal system is a civil law system based on the French system; the constitution does not permit judicial review of acts of the States-General.
It was Aristotle who founded the Theory of 3 separations of powers. In his view, these are the council of public affairs, the magistrates, and the justice system. The age of enlightenment was the time when terminologies have defined the way we still use them. In most democratic countries, the three authorities separated from each other. In dictatorships, the rules usually interweaved in one hand.
About the legislative branch of Netherlands, we can highlight the following structures bicameral States-General or Staten Generaal consists of the First Chamber or Eerste Kamer (75 seats; members indirectly elected by the country’s 12 provincial council members by proportional representation vote; members serve 4-year terms) and the Second Chamber or Tweede Kamer (150 seats; members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by proportional representation vote to serve up to 4-year terms).
About the unemployment rate, labor force, and poverty line in the Netherlands
One of the major problems of the 21st-century economy is unemployment. Governments are struggling to maintain a low level of the unemployment rate. Still, as a result of automation, the cheap 3rd world labor, and the outsourcing of workflow, these attempts fail. In the Netherlands, the labor force is 7.919 million (2016 estimate). Please bear in mind that the population in Netherlands is total: 3.6 deaths / 1,000 live births; male: 3.9 deaths / 1,000 live births, female: 3.3 deaths / 1,000 live births (2016 estimate) – as we already mentioned above.
The rate of unemployment in the Netherlands is 6.2% (2016 estimate).
Widely known that the gap between the rich and poor is widening on an enormous scale.
According to the 2017 shocking Oxfam report, the most affluent eight people’s fortune is equal to the wealth of the poorest half of the world’s population.
The households’ income and consumption in the Netherlands compared to the entire population: lowest 10%: 2.1% highest 10%: 24.5% (2012 estimate).
Another widely used indicator is the so-called GINI index, which measures the inequalities of statistical dispersion, but is mainly used for measuring the sharing of income and fortune.
The GINI index was named after its founder Corrado Gini, an Italian economist. Gini index has grades between 0-1, but often it is used on a percentage basis. It is 0 if the examined criteria territorial distribution is equal. It is one of the criteria concentrated on the territory. In the Netherlands, the GINI index is .25,1 (2013 estimate).
The states usually set up a poverty line, which is more or less, is a subjective measure. It varies by country; its base is often the minimum pension, the incomes of the most deficient 20 percent, the X percent of income per capita Etc.
In the Netherlands, the poverty line people are the lowest 10%: 2.1% highest 10%: 24.5% (2012 estimate).
About the budget and central governments debt of the Netherlands
The available budget mainly defines the state’s economy. Netherlands’ budget is; revenues: $322.6 billion, expenditures: $333.5 billion (2016 estimate). Taxes and other revenues are 41.9% of GDP (2016 estimate).
The budget deficit (Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)) is N/A.
The fiscal year in the Netherlands is the calendar year.
In the country’s economy, we have to consider the public debt. Public debt is the consolidated sum of the state’s local, federal, and central government debt.
Inflation rate and prime lending rate in the Netherlands
A few further interesting and relevant economic data are the following; Inflation rate: 0.2% (2016 estimate), 0.2% (2015 estimate), and the rate of the Commercial bank prime lending rate: 1.6% (31 December 2016 estimate).
Export/import partners and data of the Netherlands
The Netherlands, with the export of products, industrial tools, and other services, generates revenue. Netherlands’ export value is: $460.1 billion (2016 estimate), $476.5 billion (2015 estimate). The total revenue of these activities: machinery and equipment, chemicals, fuels, foodstuffs.
The most important imported products are machinery and transport equipment, chemicals, fuels, foodstuffs, clothing, and the countries from where the import is coming: Germany 14.7%, China 14.5%, Belgium 8.2%, US 8.1%, UK 5.1% (2015).
Renewable energies used in the Netherlands
To suppress the pollution of the environment, renewable energies have to replace the fossil energy. The more the proportion of renewable energies in a country means more effort against pollution. In the Netherlands, the indicator of how much of the country’s produced energy is coming from the hydroelectric source is 0.1% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
To indicate how much another renewable energy produced is 14.5% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
Telecommunication data of Netherlands, calling code
To maintain the economy, the development of a reliable and modern telecommunications infrastructure is crucial. We can say the following about the Netherlands; highly developed and well maintained. Domestic: extensive fixed-line, fiber-optic network; large cellular telephone system with five significant operators utilizing the third generation of the Global System for Mobile Communications technology; one in five households now use Voice over the Internet Protocol services. International: country code – 31; submarine cables provide links to the US and Europe; satellite earth stations – 5 (3 Intelsat – 1 Indian Ocean and 2 the Atlantic Ocean, 1 Eutelsat, and 1 Inmarsat (2011).
Transport infrastructure in the Netherlands
In the 21st century, we often say that the world has become small and there are no distances anymore. With widespread air travel when (sometimes) there are no visa restrictions, it is easy to reach other countries, but if the distance is not too long, we can also use railway or water transportation.
The number of airports in the Netherlands: 29 (2013), and the number of heliports: 1 (2013).
The total length of the Netherlands’ roadways: 138,641 km (includes 3,530 km of expressways) (2014).
The Netherlands’ waterways’ total length is 6,237 km (navigable by ships up to 50 tons) (2012).
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Facts & data about Netherlands
Name of the country: conventional long way: Kingdom of the Netherlands, traditional short form: the Netherlands, local long form: Koninkrijk der Nederlanden, local transient state: Nederland, etymology: the country name means “the lowlands” and refers to the geographic features of the land being both flat and downriver from higher areas (i.e., at the estuaries of the Scheldt, Meuse, and Rhine Rivers; only about half of the Netherlands is more than 1 meter above sea level).
|Abbreviation: Netherlands||Geographic coordinates:
52 30 N, 5 45 E
|Country Location: Europe|
|Capital of Netherlands: Amsterdam||GPS of the Capital:
52 21 N 4 55 E
|Position: Western Europe, bordering the North Sea, between Belgium and Germany|
|Land area: total: 41,543 sq km; land: 33,893 sq km, water: 7,650 sq km||Terrain: mostly coastal lowland and reclaimed land (polders); some hills in the southeast
||Area comparative: slightly less than twice the size of New Jersey|
|Population: 17,016,967 (July 2016 estimate)||Population grow rate: 0.4% (2016 estimate)||Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s) / female, 0-14 years: 1.05 male(s) / female, 15-24 years: 1.04 male(s) / female, 25-54 years: 1.01 male(s) / female, 55-64 years: 0.99 male(s) / female, 65 years and over: 0.82 male(s) / female, total population: 0.98 male(s) / female (2016 estimate)|
|Exports: $460.1 billion (2016 estimate), $476.5 billion (2015 estimate)||Imports: $376.3 billion (2016 estimate), $389.6 billion (2015 estimate)||Import partners: Germany 14.7%, China 14.5%, Belgium 8.2%, US 8.1%, UK 5.1% (2015)|
|Urbanization: urban population: 90.5% of the total population (2015)||Major urban area(s): AMSTERDAM (capital) 1.091 million; Rotterdam 993,000; The Hague (seat of government) 650,000 (2015)||Median age: total: 42.5 years; male: 41.4 years, female: 43.4 years (2016 estimate)
|Internet users: total: 15.778 million. Percent of the population: 93.1% (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (fixed-lines): total subscriptions: 6,951,528. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 41 (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (mobile, cellular): total: 20.809 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 123 (July 2015 estimate)|
|Unemployment rate: 6.2% (2016 estimate)||Nationality: Dutchman(men), Dutchwoman(women) adjective: Dutch||National holidays: King’s Day (the King’s birthday of 27 April (1967); celebrated on 26 April if 27 April is a Sunday)|
|Life expectancy at birth: total population: 81.3 years. Male: 79.2 years, female: 83.6 years (2016 estimate)||Total fertility rate: 1.78 children born / woman (2016 estimate)||Birthrate: 10.9 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate)|
|Literacy: N/A||Legal system: civil law system based on the French system; constitution does not permit judicial review of acts of the States General||Suffrage: 18 years of age, universal|
|Industries: agroindustries, metal and engineering products, electrical machinery and equipment, chemicals, petroleum, construction, microelectronics, fishing||Industrial production growth rate: 1.1% (2016 estimate)||GDP real growth rate: 1.7% (2016 estimate) 2% (2015 estimate) 1.4% (2014 estimate)|
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