|Borderline map of Bulgaria||Location map of Bulgaria||Flag of Bulgaria|
Google maps and detailed facts of Bulgaria, (BU). This page enables you to explore Bulgaria and its border countries (Location: Southeastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Romania and Turkey) through detailed Satellite imagery - fast and easy as never before Google maps.
Find comprehensive information below about this country in its diversity: geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government, and history - All in One Wiki page!
There is also Street View and free Driving Directions at your service. Your Google Satellite Map Sightseeing in Bulgaria, in Europe starts here at Driving Directions And Maps.com!
Bulgaria Google Map
The map below shows Bulgaria with its cities, towns, highways, main roads, streets and also providing Street Views. To find a location use the form below, type any city or place and to view, just a simple map click on the "Show Map" button.
The Google map above is showing Bulgaria with its location: Europe, (geographic coordinates: 43 00 N, 25 00 E) and the international borders of Bulgaria; total: 1,806 km. Border countries (total: 5): Greece 472 km, Macedonia 162 km, Romania 605 km, Serbia 344 km, Turkey 223 km furthermore its inland counties boundaries.
Hint: Have a look at the Street view in Bulgaria, or Europe. All you have to do is to drag and pull the little yellow man (named: Pegman) on the Google map above the desired location. After that whenever it is available (more than 50 countries in the world), blue stripes will appear to show the photos and details from Google’s regularly updated data image base.
The map of Bulgaria, Europe is informational use only. No representation is made or warranty given as to any map or its content by Driving Directions and Maps site. User assumes all risk of use of this Bulgaria Google map and facts/wiki.
About Bulgaria in detail
Where is Bulgaria?
Bulgaria, in case if you are looking on the map under the Coordinates 42 41 N 23 19 E otherwise in Europe, in Southeastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Romania and Turkey.
What is the capital of Bulgaria?
The capital city of Bulgaria is: Sofia.
What is the time in Sofia?
It is 7 hours ahead of Washington DC during Standard Time, the timezone of Sofia is: UTC+2.
What is the Internet code for Bulgaria?
The Top Level Domain (TLD) for Bulgaria is: .bg
What is the size of Bulgaria?
The territory of Bulgaria is total: 110,879 sq km; land: 108,489 sq km, water: 2,390 sq km.
If we want to describe the size of the territory of Bulgaria is slightly larger than Tennessee.
If we would like to walk around and discover Bulgaria, we can do that by covering the distance of total: 1,806 km.
What is the water coverage of Bulgaria?
We have mentioned already on this website, that what percentage of Bulgaria is covered by water (see below), and this includes 354 km coastline.
What is the climate like in Bulgaria?
The climate of Bulgaria is temperate: cold, damp winters: hot, dry summers.
Geographical data of Bulgaria
The elevation of Bulgaria; mean elevation: 472 m, elevation extremes; lowest point: Black Sea 0 m, highest point: Musala 2,925 m.
The typical geographical details of Bulgaria include mostly mountains with lowlands in north and southeast.
If we would like to describe the countries location from a different point of view, it is safe to say, and easy to read from a map, Bulgaria is strategic location near Turkish Straits; controls key land routes from Europe to Middle East and Asia.
Resources and land use of Bulgaria
The country’s main mined products are bauxite, copper, lead, zinc, coal, timber, arable land. The population partly uses the earlier highlighted land territory and partly left in its natural state: agricultural land: 46.9%; arable land 29.9%; permanent crops 1.5%; permanent pasture 15.5%; forest: 36.7%; other: 16.4% (2011 estimate).
Population data of Bulgaria
The number of inhabitants of Bulgaria is 7,144,653 (July 2016 estimate).
If we examine the proportion of population distribution, it is safe to say that a fairly even distribution throughout most of the country, with urban areas attracting larger populations.
If we are looking at the proportion of the urbanized and barely populated areas, these are the figures: urban population: 73.9% of total population (2015).
Most of the population in Bulgaria is concentrated in SOFIA (capital) 1.226 million (2015).
Ethnicity in Bulgaria
According to ethnicity details, the ethnic groups in this country are the following: Bulgarian 76.9%, Turkish 8%, Roma 4.4%, other 0.7% (including Russian, Armenian, and Vlach), other (unknown) 10% (2011 estimate).
Spoken languages in Bulgaria
The spoken languages in Bulgaria are the following: Bulgarian (official language) 76.8%, Turkish 8.2%, Roma 3.8%, other 0.7%, unspecified 10.5% (2011 estimate).
What are the most important religions in Bulgaria?
During the general census, researchers examine the churches, according to this: Eastern Orthodox 59.4%, Muslim 7.8%, other (including Catholic, Protestant, Armenian Apostolic Orthodox, and Jewish) 1.7%, none 3.7%, unspecified 27.4% (2011 estimate).
Further population data of Bulgaria
The proportion of gender and age tells a lot about the society as follows 0-14 years: 14.54% (male 535,131 / female 503,540) 15-24 years: 9.73% (male 362,805 / female 332,358) 25-54 years: 43.33% (male 1,589,183 / female 1,506,285) 55-64 years: 13.38% (male 447,865 / female 507,805) 65 years and over: 19.03% (male 552,217 / female 807,464) (2016 estimate). It also a significant factor in a society the population growth rate, which in the case of Bulgaria is -0.6% (2016 estimate).
The population growth rate is based on two elements, the birth, and the death rate. In Bulgaria the birth rate is 8.8 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate), the death rate 14.5 deaths / 1,000 population (2016 estimate).
In this day and age in the developed societies, the first child borns later compared to the previous centuries and decades, so the childbearing is extended. In Bulgaria the average age of mothers at the first childbirth is .
In the best case scenario despite the fact that the birth of the children is postponed, the parents are still able to see their kids grow as the life expectancy is also extended. In the case of Bulgaria, these figures are . With the introduction of modern medicine, the vaccinations and the proper hygienic conditions, the infant mortality rate is in a steep decline. The infant mortality statistics in Bulgaria are the following: . Relevant data is the budget of healthcare, which is in the case of this country is 8.4% of GDP (2014).
Economic data of Bulgaria
If we would like to describe a country, we also have to mention its economy; Bulgaria, a former communist country that entered the EU on 1 January 2007, averaged more than 6% annual growth from 2004 to 2008, driven by significant amounts of bank lending, consumption, and foreign direct investment.Successive governments have demonstrated a commitment to economic reforms and responsible fiscal planning, but the global downturn sharply reduced domestic demand, exports, capital inflows, and industrial production. GDP contracted by 5.5% in 2009, and haDespite a favorable investment regime, including low, flat corporate income taxes, significant challenges remain. Corruption in public administration, a weak judiciary, and the presence of organized crime continue to hamper the country's investment climat.
GDP is an important figure as all the relevant calculations and statistics are based on it. GDP in Bulgaria is $50.45 billion (2015 estimate).
An another important indicator is the rate of the GDP growth, which in Bulgaria is 3% (2016 estimate) 3% (2015 estimate) 1.5% (2014 estimate).
These statistics are affecting the world economy, remember in 2015 when the Chinese real GDP growth rate was worse than expected; The world markets fall, and the Chinese stock exchange was temporally suspended.
A further major factor of a country’s economy, the GDP per capita. In Bulgaria this is $20,100 (2016 estimate) $19,400 (2015 estimate) $18,700 (2014 estimate).
In the case of the economy, the Trinity is in common places, such as agriculture, industry, and services.
What are the agricultural products Bulgaria produces?
The main agricultural products of Bulgaria are vegetables, fruits, tobacco, wine, wheat, barley, sunflowers, sugar beets; livestock.
Regarding the economy, the important segments are electricity, gas, water; food, beverages, tobacco; machinery and equipment, base metals, chemical products, coke, refined petroleum, nuclear fuel. The crucial and regularly mentioned GDP is based on electricity, gas, water; food, beverages, tobacco; machinery and equipment, base metals, chemical products, coke, refined petroleum, nuclear fuel.
Drinking water source in Bulgaria
It is important to mention, that - thanks to the development of the infrastructure -, the rate of potable water improved: urban: 99.6% of population, rural: 99% of population, total: 99.4% of population. Unimproved: urban: 0.4% of population, rural: 1% of population, total: 0.6% of population (2015 estimate).
Average number of childbirth in Bulgaria
In Bulgaria the average number of childbirth is 1.46 children born / woman (2016 estimate).
Population, median age, migration, and citizenship in Bulgaria
The average age of the population is total: 42.4 years; male: 40.6 years, female: 44.5 years (2016 estimate). The age of adulthood varies in every country of the world in Bulgaria it is 18 years of age, universal.
In this age when we are experiencing an unprecedented scale of migration and globalization, it is an important factor the number of new coming immigrants. In Bulgaria is -0.3 migrant(s) / 1,000 population (2016 estimate). It is important to know, how to apply for citizenship: citizenship by birth: no. Citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Bulgaria. Dual citizenship recognized: yes, residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years.
Is Bulgaria a safe destination? Healthcare services and contagious diseases in Bulgaria
Many of the travelers are looking into the healthcare services and contagious diseases of their destinations. In Bulgaria density of the hospital beds is 6.4 beds / 1,000 population (2011).
According to WHO rating regarding contagious diseases in Bulgaria the N/A.
However, the HIV is not curable but maintainable. Let’s do not forget when the disease surfaced it was a world threatening condition. Unfortunately, in some countries, it is still very high the number of infected patients and fatalities as a result of the disease.
In Bulgaria the number of HIV/AIDS deaths: .
Regarding tourism the obesity, not an important issue, but we have to mention among the health statistics, as it is the plague of the 20th and the 21st century. The rate obese adults in Bulgaria is 25.6% (2014).
What are the natural hazards Bulgaria? Is there any?
The most known natural risks in Bulgaria are earthquakes; landslides.
More interesting facts about Bulgaria
A few words about the past, as every country and society its connected to its history; The Bulgars, a Central Asian Turkic tribe, merged with the local Slavic inhabitants in the late 7th century to form the first Bulgarian state. In succeeding centuries, Bulgaria struggled with the Byzantine Empire to assert its place in the Balkans, but by the end of the 14th century the country was overrun by the Ottoman Turks. Northern Bulgaria attained autonomy in 1878 and all of Bulgaria became independent from the Ottoman Empire in 1908. Having fought on the losing side in both World Wars, Bulgaria fell within the Soviet sphere of influence and became a People's Republic in 1946. Communist domination ended in 1990, when Bulgaria held its first multiparty election since World War II and began the contentious process of moving toward political democracy and a market economy while combating inflation, unemployment, corruption, and crime. The country joined NATO in 2004 and the EU in 2007..
In every nation's memory, there are cornerstones that placed the country on the timeline of history. The date of declaration of independence of Bulgaria: 3 March 1878 (as an autonomous principality within the Ottoman Empire); 22 September 1908 (complete independence from the Ottoman Empire).
The flag and other symbols of Bulgaria
The colors, symbols, and animals on the flag usually have a historical background or related to an important milestone or memory of the nation.
This case is not an exception either, three equal horizontal bands of white (top), green, and red; the pan-Slavic white-blue-red colors were modified by substituting a green band (representing freedom) for the blue. Note: the national emblem, formerly on the hoist side of the white stripe, has been removed.
Apart from the flag, the symbol of the national unity is the national anthem. The main purpose of the anthem is to share the nation's core values, endeavors, and the patriotic feelings.
National symbols of Bulgaria: lion; national colors: white, green, red.
Constitution of Bulgaria
The existence of the nation based on the constitution. Some constitutions knew around the world, like the U.S. Constitution that accepted on 17th of September 1787, in Philadelphia, the Constitution of United States of America.
It is not related to the declaration of independence that was stolen by Nicolas Cage in the movie National Treasure 🙂
What is the legal system of Bulgaria?
Most of the times the legal system of a country is in the focus of lawyers. It is a common fact that there are two main approaches in the world, “the law in books” and “the law in action.”
In the Anglo-Saxon world, the practice is the “law in action” while in the rest of the world where the law based on Roman law, the “law in books.”
The legal system of Bulgaria is civil law.
It was Aristotle, who founded the theory of 3 separations of powers. In his view, these are the council of public affairs, the magistrates, and the justice system. In the age of enlightenment was the time when terminologies have been defined, the way we still use them. In most of the democratic countries, the three authorities are separated from each other. In dictatorships, the authorities are usually interwoven in one hand.
About the legislative branch of Bulgaria, we can highlight the following structures unicameral National Assembly or Narodno Sabranie (240 seats; members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by proportional representation vote to serve 4-year terms)elections: last held on 5 October 2014 (next to be held in 2018)election results: percent of vote by party - GERB 32.7%, CfB 15.4%, DPS 14.8%, RB 8.9%, PF 7.3%, BBTs 5.7%, Ataka 4.5%, ABV 4.2%, other 6.5%; seats by party - GERB 84, CfB 39, DPS 38, RB 23, PF 19, BBTs 15, Ataka 11, ABV 11.
About the unemployment rate, labor force, and poverty line in Bulgaria
One of the major problems of the 21st-century economy is the unemployment. Governments are struggling to maintain a low level of the unemployment rate, but as a result of automation, the cheap 3rd world labor and the outsourcing of workflow, these attempts are failing. In Bulgaria the labor force is 2.525 million (2016 estimate). Please bear in mind that the population in Bulgaria is total: 8.5 deaths / 1,000 live births; male: 9.6 deaths / 1,000 live births, female: 7.4 deaths / 1,000 live births (2016 estimate) - as we already mentioned above.
The rate of unemployment in Bulgaria is 8.9% (2016 estimate).
It is widely known that the gap between the rich and poor is widening on an enormous scale.
According to the 2017 shocking Oxfam report, the richest eight people’s fortune is equal to the fortune of the poorest half of the world's population.
In Bulgaria, the income of the households and consumption compared to the entire population: lowest 10%: 2% highhest 10%: 35.2% (2007).
Another widely used indicator is the so-called GINI index, which measures the inequalities of statistical dispersion, but mainly used for measuring the sharing of income and fortune.
The GINI index is named after its founder Corrado Gini an Italian economist. Gini index has grades between 0-1, but often it is used on a percentage basis. It is 0 if the examined criteria territorial distribution is equal. It is one if the criteria is concentrated on the territory. In Bulgaria the GINI index is .35,4 (2013).
The states usually set up a poverty line, which is more or less is a subjective measure. It varies by country its base is often the minimum pension, the incomes of the poorest 20 percent, the X percent of income per capita Etc.
In Bulgaria the people living under the poverty line is lowest 10%: 2% highhest 10%: 35.2% (2007).
About the budget and central governments debt of Bulgaria
Available budget mainly defines the state's economy. The budget of Bulgaria is; revenues: $18.44 billion, expenditures: $19.18 billion (2016 estimate). Taxes and other revenues are 36.6% of GDP (2016 estimate).
The budget deficit (Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)) is .
The fiscal year in Bulgaria is calendar year.
In country’s economy, we have to consider the public debt. Public debt is the consolidated sum of the state local, federal and central governments debt.
Inflation rate and prime lending rate in Bulgaria
A few further interesting and important economic data are the fallowing; Inflation rate: -0.7% (2016 estimate), -0.1% (2015 estimate) and the rate of the Commercial bank prime lending rate: 6.6% (31 December 2016 estimate).
Export/import partners and data of Bulgaria
Bulgaria, with the export of products, industrial tools, and other services, generates revenue. The export value in Bulgaria is: $26.1 billion (2016 estimate), $24.62 billion (2015 estimate). The total revenue of these activities: clothing, footwear, iron and steel, machinery and equipment, fuels.
The most important imported products are: machinery and equipment; metals and ores; chemicals and plastics; fuels, minerals, and raw materials, and the countries from where the import is coming: Germany 12.9%, Russia 12%, Italy 7.6%, Romania 6.8%, Turkey 5.7%, Greece 4.8%, Spain 4.8% (2015).
Renewable energies used in Bulgaria
As an attempt to suppress the pollution of the environment, renewable energies has to replace the fossil energy. The more the proportion of renewable energies in a country means more effort against the pollution. Bulgaria, the indicator of how much of country’s produced energy is coming from hydroelectric source is 8.5% of total installed capacity (2014 estimate).
To indicate how much another renewable energy is produced is the 32.9% of total installed capacity (2014 estimate).
Telecommunication data of Bulgaria, calling code
To maintain the economy, the development of a reliable and modern telecommunications infrastructure is crucial. We can say the following about Bulgaria; inherited an extensive but antiquated telecommunications network from the Soviet era; quality has improved with a modern digital trunk line now connecting switching centers in most of the regions; remaining areas are connected by digital microwave radio rdomestic: the Bulgaria Telecommunications Company's fixed-line monopoly terminated in 2005 in an effort to upgrade fixed-line services; mobile-cellular teledensity, fostered by multiple service providers, is over 125 telephones per 100 personsinternational: country code - 359; submarine cable provides connectivity to Ukraine and Russia; a combination submarine cable and land fiber-optic system provides connectivity to Italy, Albania, and Macedonia; satellite earth stations - 3 (1 Intersputnik in the Atlantic (2015).
Transport infrastructure in Bulgaria
In the 21st century, we often say that the world has become small and there are no distances anymore. With widespread air travel when (sometimes) there are no visa restrictions, it is easy to reach other countries, but in case the distance is not too long, we can also use railway or water transportation.
The number of airports in Bulgaria: 68 (2013), and the number of heliports: 1 (2013).
The total length of the roadways in Bulgaria: total: 19,512 km, paved: 19,235 km (includes 458 km of expressways), unpaved: 277 km, note: does not include Category IV local roads (2011).
The total length of the waterways in Bulgaria: 470 km (2009).
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Facts about Bulgaria
Name of the country: conventional long form: Republic of Bulgaria, conventional short form: Bulgaria, local long form: Republika Bulgaria, local short form: Bulgaria, etymology: named after the Bulgar tribes who settled the lower Balkan region in the 7th century A.D..
|Abbrevation: Bulgaria||Geographic coordinates:
43 00 N, 25 00 E
|Capital of Bulgaria: Sofia||GPS of the Capital:
42 41 N 23 19 E
|Position: Southeastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Romania and Turkey|
|Land area: total: 110,879 sq km; land: 108,489 sq km, water: 2,390 sq km||Terrain: mostly mountains with lowlands in north and southeast
||Area comparative: slightly larger than Tennessee|
|Population: 7,144,653 (July 2016 estimate)||Population grow rate: -0.6% (2016 estimate)||Sex ratio: at birth: 1.06 male(s) / female, 0-14 years: 1.06 male(s) / female, 15-24 years: 1.09 male(s) / female, 25-54 years: 1.06 male(s) / female, 55-64 years: 0.88 male(s) / female, 65 years and over: 0.69 male(s) / female, total population: 0.95 male(s) / female, (2016 estimate)|
|Exports: $26.1 billion (2016 estimate), $24.62 billion (2015 estimate)||Imports: $28.47 billion (2016 estimate), $26.74 billion (2015 estimate)||Import partners: Germany 12.9%, Russia 12%, Italy 7.6%, Romania 6.8%, Turkey 5.7%, Greece 4.8%, Spain 4.8% (2015)|
|Urbanization: urban population: 73.9% of total population (2015)||Major urban area(s): SOFIA (capital) 1.226 million (2015)||Median age: total: 42.4 years; male: 40.6 years, female: 44.5 years (2016 estimate)
|Internet users: total: 4.072 million. Percent of population: 56.7% (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (fixed lines): total subscriptions: 1,654,535. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 23 (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (mobile, cellular): total: 9.195 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 128 (July 2015 estimate)|
|Unemployment rate: 8.9% (2016 estimate)||Nationality: Bulgarian(s) adjective: Bulgarian||National holidays: Liberation Day, 3 March (1878)|
|Life expectancy at birth: total population: 74.5 years. Male: 71.2 years, female: 78 years (2016 estimate)||Total fertility rate: 1.46 children born / woman (2016 estimate)||Birthrate: 8.8 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate)|
|Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write. Total population: 98.4%; male: 98.7%, female: 98.1% (2015 estimate)||Legal system: civil law||Suffrage: 18 years of age, universal|
|Industries: electricity, gas, water; food, beverages, tobacco; machinery and equipment, base metals, chemical products, coke, refined petroleum, nuclear fuel||Industrial production growth rate: 2.8% (2016 estimate)||GDP real growth rate: 3% (2016 estimate) 3% (2015 estimate) 1.5% (2014 estimate)|
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