|Borderline map of Bulgaria||Location map of Bulgaria||Flag of Bulgaria|
Google maps and detailed facts of Bulgaria (BU). This page enables you to explore Bulgaria and its border countries (Country location: Southeastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, Romania, and Turkey) through detailed Satellite imagery – fast and easy as never before Google maps.
Find comprehensive information below about this country in its diversity: Google maps, geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government, and history – All in One Wiki page.
There is also Street View and free Driving Directions at your service. Your Google Satellite Map Sightseeing in Bulgaria, in Europe, starts here at Driving Directions and Maps.com.
Bulgaria Google maps™
The map below shows Bulgaria with its cities, towns, highways, main roads, streets, and Street Views. To find a location, use the form below, type any city or place, view just a simple map, and click on the “show map” button.
The Google map above shows Bulgaria with its location: Europe (geographic coordinates: 43 00 N, 25 00 E) and the international borders of Bulgaria; total: 1,806 km. Border countries (total: 5): Greece 472 km, Macedonia 162 km, Romania 605 km, Serbia 344 km, Turkey 223 km; furthermore, it’s inland counties boundaries.
Hint: Look at the Street view in Bulgaria or Europe. All you have to do is drag and pull the little yellow man (named: Pegman) on the Google map above the desired location. After that, whenever it is available (more than 50 countries globally), blue stripes will appear to show the photos and details from Google’s regularly updated data image base. In case if you have signed in to your Google account currently, you may have a look at the satellite map of this country/area as well.
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About Bulgaria in detail
Where is Bulgaria?
Bulgaria, in case, if you are looking on the map under the Coordinates 42 41 N 23 19 E otherwise in Europe, in southeastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Romania and Turkey.
What is the capital city of Bulgaria?
The capital city of Bulgaria is Sofia.
What is the time in Sofia?
It is 7 hours ahead of Washington, D.C. during Standard Time; Sofia’s timezone is UTC+2.
What is the Internet code for Bulgaria?
The Top Level Domain (TLD) for Bulgaria is: .bg
What is the size of Bulgaria?
The territory of Bulgaria is total: 110,879 sq km; land: 108,489 sq km, water: 2,390 sq km.
If we want to describe the size of the territory of Bulgaria is slightly larger than Tennessee.
If we would like to walk around and discover Bulgaria, we can cover a total distance: 1,806 km.
What is the water coverage of Bulgaria?
We have already mentioned what percentage of Bulgaria is covered by water (see below), and this includes 354 km coastline.
What is the climate like in Bulgaria?
The climate of Bulgaria is temperate: cold, damp winters: hot, dry summers.
Geographical data of Bulgaria
Bulgaria’s elevation; mean elevation: 472 m, elevation extremes; lowest point: the Black Sea 0 m, highest point: Musala 2,925 m.
The specific geographical details of Bulgaria include mostly mountains with lowlands in north and southeast.
Suppose we would like to describe the countries location from a different perspective. In that case, it is safe to say, and easy to read from a map, Bulgaria is a strategic location near Turkish Straits; it controls key land routes from Europe to the Middle East and Asia.
Resources and land use of Bulgaria
The country’s main mined products are bauxite, copper, lead, zinc, coal, timber, arable land. The population partly uses the earlier highlighted land territory and partly left in its natural state: agricultural land: 46.9%; arable land 29.9%; permanent crops 1.5%; permanent pasture 15.5%; forest: 36.7%; other: 16.4% (2011 estimate).
Population data of Bulgaria
The number of inhabitants of Bulgaria is 7,144,653 (July 2016 estimate).
If we examine the proportion of the population distribution, it is safe to say that a fairly even distribution throughout most countries, with urban areas attracting larger populations.
If we look at the proportion of the urbanized and barely populated areas, these are the figures: urban population: 73.9% of the total population (2015).
Most of the population in Bulgaria is concentrated in SOFIA (capital) 1.226 million (2015).
Ethnicity in Bulgaria
According to ethnicity details, the ethnic groups are Bulgarian 76.9%, Turkish 8%, Roma 4.4%, other 0.7% (including Russian, Armenian, and Vlach), additional (unknown) 10% (2011 estimate).
Spoken languages in Bulgaria
The spoken languages in Bulgaria are the following: Bulgarian (official language) 76.8%, Turkish 8.2%, Roma 3.8%, other 0.7%, unspecified 10.5% (2011 estimate).
What are the most important religions in Bulgaria?
During the general census, researchers examine the churches, according to this: Eastern Orthodox 59.4%, Muslim 7.8%, other (including Catholic, Protestant, Armenian Apostolic Orthodox, and Jewish) 1.7%, none 3.7%, unspecified 27.4% (2011 estimate).
Further population data of Bulgaria
The proportion of gender and age tells a lot about the society as follows 0-14 years: 14.54% (male 535,131 / female 503,540) 15-24 years: 9.73% (male 362,805 / female 332,358) 25-54 years: 43.33% (male 1,589,183 / female 1,506,285) 55-64 years: 13.38% (male 447,865 / female 507,805) 65 years and over: 19.03% (male 552,217 / female 807,464) (2016 estimate). It also a significant factor in a society the population growth rate, which in the case of Bulgaria is -0.6% (2016 estimate).
The population growth rate is based on two elements, the birth, and the death rate. In Bulgaria the birth rate is 8.8 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate), the death rate 14.5 deaths / 1,000 population (2016 estimate).
In this day and age in developed societies, the first child borns later compared to the previous centuries and decades, so childbearing is extended. In Bulgaria, the average age of mothers at the first childbirth is N/A.
In the best-case scenario, although the children’s birth is postponed, the parents can still see their kids grow as life expectancy also extended. In the case of Bulgaria, these figures are. With the introduction of modern medicine, vaccinations, and the proper hygienic conditions, the infant mortality rate is in a steep decline. The infant mortality statistics in Bulgaria are the following: N/A. Relevant data is the budget of healthcare, which is in the case of this country is 8.4% of GDP (2014).
Economic data of Bulgaria
Suppose we would like to describe a country, we also have to mention its economy; Bulgaria, a former communist country that entered the EU on 1 January 2007, averaged more than 6% annual growth from 2004 to 2008, driven by significant amounts of bank lending, consumption, and foreign direct investment. Successive governments have demonstrated a commitment to economic reforms and responsible fiscal planning, but the global downturn sharply reduced domestic demand, exports, capital inflows, and industrial production. GDP contracted by 5.5% in 2009. Despite a favorable investment regime, including low, flat corporate income taxes, significant challenges remain. Corruption in public administration, a weak judiciary, and organized crime continue to hamper the country’s investment economic prospects.
GDP is a prominent figure, as all the relevant calculations and statistics are based on it. GDP in Bulgaria is $50.45 billion (2015 estimate).
Another important indicator is the rate of GDP growth, which in Bulgaria is 3% (2016 estimate), 3% (2015 estimate) 1.5% (2014 estimate).
These statistics affect the world economy; remember in 2015, the Chinese real GDP growth rate was worse than expected; The world markets fall, and the Chinese stock exchange is temporally suspended.
A further major factor of a country’s economy, the GDP per capita. In Bulgaria this is $20,100 (2016 estimate) $19,400 (2015 estimate) $18,700 (2014 estimate).
In the economy, the Trinity is in common places, such as agriculture, industry, and services.
What are the agricultural products Bulgaria produces?
Bulgaria’s main agricultural products are vegetables, fruits, tobacco, wine, wheat, barley, sunflowers, sugar beets, livestock.
The important segments are electricity, gas, water, food, beverages, tobacco, machinery and equipment, base metals, chemical products, coke, refined petroleum, and nuclear fuel. The crucial and regularly mentioned GDP is based on electricity, gas, water, food, beverages, tobacco, machinery and equipment, base metals, chemical products, coke, refined petroleum, nuclear fuel.
Drinking water source in Bulgaria
It is essential to mention that – thanks to the development of the infrastructure -, the rate of potable water improved: urban: 99.6% of the population, rural: 99% of the population, total: 99.4% of the population. Unimproved: urban: 0.4% of the population, rural: 1% of the population, total: 0.6% of the population (2015 estimate).
The average number of childbirth in Bulgaria
In Bulgaria, the average delivery number is 1.46 children born / woman (2016 estimate).
Population, median age, migration, and citizenship in Bulgaria
The population’s average age is 42.4 years; male: 40.6 years, female: 44.5 years (2016 estimate). The age of adulthood varies in every country of the world. In Bulgaria,, it is 18 years of age, universal.
When we are experiencing an unprecedented scale of migration and globalization, it is an important factor in the number of new immigrants. In Bulgaria is -0.3 migrant(s) / 1,000 population (2016 estimate). It is important to know how to apply for citizenship: citizenship by birth: no. Citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Bulgaria. Dual citizenship recognized: yes, the residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years.
Is Bulgaria a safe destination? Healthcare services and infectious diseases in Bulgaria
Many of the travelers are looking into the healthcare services and infectious diseases of their destinations. In Bulgaria, the, the hospital beds’ density is 6.4 beds / 1,000 population (2011).
According to the WHO rating regarding contagious diseases in Bulgaria, N/A.
However, HIV is not curable but maintainable. Let’s do not forget when the disease surfaced; it was a world threatening condition. Unfortunately, in some countries, it is still very high the number of infected patients and fatalities due to the disease.
In Bulgaria, the number of HIV/AIDS deaths: N/A.
Regarding tourism obesity, not an important issue, but we have to mention health statistics, as it is the plague of the 20th and the 21st century. The rate of obese adults in Bulgaria is 25.6% (2014).
What are the natural hazards in Bulgaria? Is there any?
The most known natural risk in Bulgaria are earthquakes; landslides.
More interesting facts about Bulgaria
A few words about the past, as every country and society, is connected to its history; The Bulgars, a Central Asian Turkic tribe, merged with the local Slavic inhabitants in the late 7th century to form the first Bulgarian state. In succeeding centuries, Bulgaria struggled with the Byzantine Empire to assert its place in the Balkans. Still, by the end of the 14th century, the country was overrun by the Ottoman Turks. Northern Bulgaria attained autonomy in 1878, and all of Bulgaria became independent from the Ottoman Empire in 1908. Having fought on the losing side in both World Wars, Bulgaria fell within the Soviet sphere of influence and became a People’s Republic in 1946. Communist domination ended in 1990 when Bulgaria held its first multiparty election since World War II and began the contentious process of moving toward political democracy and a market economy while combating inflation, unemployment, corruption, and crime. The country joined NATO in 2004 and the EU in 2007.
In every nation’s memory, some cornerstones placed the country on the timeline of history. The date of declaration of Bulgaria’s independence: 3 March 1878 (as an autonomous principality within the Ottoman Empire); 22 September 1908 (complete independence from the Ottoman Empire).
The flag and other symbols of Bulgaria
The colors, symbols, and animals on the flag usually have a historical background or an important milestone or memory of the nation.
This case is not an exception: three equal horizontal bands of white (top), green, and red; the pan-Slavic white-blue-red colors were modified by substituting a green band (representing freedom) the blue. Note: the national emblem, formerly on the white stripe’s hoist side, has been removed.
Apart from the flag, the symbol of national unity is the national anthem. The anthem’s primary purpose is to share the nation’s core values, endeavors, and patriotic feelings.
National symbols of Bulgaria: lion; national colors: white, green, red.
Constitution of Bulgaria
The existence of the nation is based on the constitution. Some constitutions knew worldwide, like the U.S. Constitution that was accepted on the 17th of September 1787, in Philadelphia, the United States of America’s Constitution.
It is not related to the declaration of independence that was stolen by Nicolas Cage in the movie National Treasure 🙂
What is the legal system of Bulgaria?
Most of the time, the legal system of a country is the focus of lawyers. It is a common fact that there are two main approaches in the world, “the law in books” and “the law in action.”
In the Anglo-Saxon world, the practice is the “law in action,” while in the rest of the world, the law is based on Roman law, the “law in books.”
The legal system of Bulgaria is civil law.
It was Aristotle who founded the Theory of 3 separations of powers. In his view, these are the council of public affairs, the magistrates, and the justice system. The age of enlightenment was the time when terminologies have defined the way we still use them. In most democratic countries, the three authorities separated from each other. In dictatorships, the rules usually interweaved in one hand.
About the legislative branch of Bulgaria, we can highlight the following structures unicameral National Assembly or Narodno Sabranie (240 seats; members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by proportional representation vote to serve 4-year terms) elections: last held on 5 October 2014 (next to be held in 2018)election results: percent of vote by party – GERB 32.7%, CfB 15.4%, DPS 14.8%, RB 8.9%, PF 7.3%, BBTs 5.7%, Ataka 4.5%, ABV 4.2%, other 6.5%; seats by party – GERB 84, CfB 39, DPS 38, RB 23, PF 19, BBTs 15, Ataka 11, ABV 11.
About the unemployment rate, labor force, and poverty line in Bulgaria
One of the major problems of the 21st-century economy is unemployment. Governments are struggling to maintain a low level of the unemployment rate. Still, as a result of automation, the cheap 3rd world labor, and the outsourcing of workflow, these attempts fail. In Bulgaria, the labor force is 2.525 million (2016 estimate). Please bear in mind that the population in Bulgaria is total: 8.5 deaths / 1,000 live births; male: 9.6 deaths / 1,000 live births, female: 7.4 deaths / 1,000 live births (2016 estimate) – as we already mentioned above.
The rate of unemployment in Bulgaria is 8.9% (2016 estimate).
Widely known that the gap between the rich and poor is widening on an enormous scale.
According to the 2017 shocking Oxfam report, the most affluent eight people’s fortune is equal to the wealth of the poorest half of the world’s population.
In Bulgaria, the households’ income and consumption are the lowest 10%: 2% highest 10%: 35.2% (2007).
Another widely used indicator is the so-called GINI index, which measures the inequalities of statistical dispersion, but is mainly used for measuring the sharing of income and fortune.
The GINI index was named after its founder Corrado Gini, an Italian economist. Gini index has grades between 0-1, but often it is used on a percentage basis. It is 0 if the examined criteria territorial distribution is equal. It is one of the criteria concentrated on the territory. In Bulgaria, the GINI index is .35,4 (2013).
The states usually set up a poverty line, which is more or less, is a subjective measure. It varies by country; its base is often the minimum pension, the incomes of the most deficient 20 percent, the X percent of income per capita Etc.
In Bulgaria, the poverty line people are the lowest 10%: 2% highest 10%: 35.2% (2007).
About the budget and central governments debt of Bulgaria
The available budget mainly defines the state’s economy. Bulgaria’s budget is; revenues: $18.44 billion, expenditures: $19.18 billion (2016 estimate). Taxes and other revenues are 36.6% of GDP (2016 estimate).
The budget deficit (Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)) is N/A.
The fiscal year in Bulgaria is the calendar year.
In the country’s economy, we have to consider the public debt. Public debt is the consolidated sum of the state’s local, federal, and central government debt.
Inflation rate and prime lending rate in Bulgaria
A few further interesting and relevant economic data are the following; Inflation rate: -0.7% (2016 estimate), -0.1% (2015 estimate), and the rate of the Commercial bank prime lending rate: 6.6% (31 December 2016 estimate).
Export/import partners and data of Bulgaria
Bulgaria, with the export of products, industrial tools, and other services, generates revenue. Bulgaria’s export value is $26.1 billion (2016 estimate), $24.62 billion (2015 estimate). These activities’ total revenue: clothing, footwear, iron and steel, machinery and equipment, fuels.
The most important imported products are machinery and equipment; metals and ores; chemicals and plastics; fuels, minerals, and raw materials, and the countries from where the import is coming: Germany 12.9%, Russia 12%, Italy 7.6%, Romania 6.8%, Turkey 5.7%, Greece 4.8%, Spain 4.8% (2015).
Renewable energies used in Bulgaria
To suppress the pollution of the environment, renewable energies have to replace the fossil energy. The more the proportion of renewable energies in a country means more effort against pollution. Bulgaria, the indicator of how much of the country’s produced energy is coming from the hydroelectric source, is 8.5% of total installed capacity (2014 estimate).
To indicate how much another renewable energy produced is 32.9% of total installed capacity (2014 estimate).
Telecommunication data of Bulgaria, calling code
To maintain the economy, the development of a reliable and modern telecommunications infrastructure is crucial. We can say the following about Bulgaria; inherited an extensive but antiquated telecommunications network from the Soviet era; quality has improved with a modern digital trunk line now connecting switching centers in most of the regions; remaining areas are connected by digital microwave radio domestic: the Bulgaria Telecommunications Company’s fixed-line monopoly terminated in 2005 to upgrade fixed-line services; mobile-cellular teledensity, fostered by multiple service providers, is over 125 telephones per 100 persons international: country code – 359; submarine cable provides connectivity to Ukraine and Russia; a combination submarine cable and land fiber-optic system provide connectivity to Italy, Albania, and Macedonia; satellite earth stations – 3 (1 Intersputnik in the Atlantic (2015).
Transport infrastructure in Bulgaria
In the 21st century, we often say that the world has become small and there are no distances anymore. With widespread air travel when (sometimes) there are no visa restrictions, it is easy to reach other countries, but if the distance is not too long, we can also use railway or water transportation.
The number of airports in Bulgaria: 68 (2013), and the number of heliports: 1 (2013).
The total length of the roadways in Bulgaria: 19,512 km, paved: 19,235 km (includes 458 km of expressways), unpaved: 277 km, note: does not have Category IV local roads (2011).
The total length of the waterways in Bulgaria: 470 km (2009).
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Facts & data about Bulgaria
Name of the country: conventional long way: the Republic of Bulgaria, traditional short form: Bulgaria, local long form: Republika Bulgaria, local short state: Bulgaria, etymology: named after the Bulgar tribes who settled the lower Balkan region in the 7th century A.D.
|Abbreviation: Bulgaria||Geographic coordinates:|
43 00 N, 25 00 E
|Country location: Europe|
|Capital of Bulgaria: Sofia||GPS of the Capital:|
42 41 N 23 19 E
|Position: Southeastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Romania and Turkey|
|Land area: total: 110,879 sq km; land: 108,489 sq km, water: 2,390 sq km||Terrain: mostly mountains with lowlands in north and southeast||Area comparative: slightly larger than Tennessee|
|Population: 7,144,653 (July 2016 estimate)||Population grow rate: -0.6% (2016 estimate)||Sex ratio: at birth: 1.06 male(s) / female, 0-14 years: 1.06 male(s) / female, 15-24 years: 1.09 male(s) / female, 25-54 years: 1.06 male(s) / female, 55-64 years: 0.88 male(s) / female, 65 years and over: 0.69 male(s) / female, total population: 0.95 male(s) / female (2016 estimate)|
|Exports: $26.1 billion (2016 estimate), $24.62 billion (2015 estimate)||Imports: $28.47 billion (2016 estimate), $26.74 billion (2015 estimate)||Import partners: Germany 12.9%, Russia 12%, Italy 7.6%, Romania 6.8%, Turkey 5.7%, Greece 4.8%, Spain 4.8% (2015)|
|Urbanization: urban population: 73.9% of the total population (2015)||Major urban area(s): SOFIA (capital) 1.226 million (2015)||Median age: total: 42.4 years; male: 40.6 years, female: 44.5 years (2016 estimate)|
|Internet users: total: 4.072 million. Percent of the population: 56.7% (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (fixed lines): total subscriptions: 1,654,535. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 23 (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (mobile, cellular): total: 9.195 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 128 (July 2015 estimate)|
|Unemployment rate: 8.9% (2016 estimate)||Nationality: Bulgarian(s) adjective: Bulgarian||National holidays: Liberation Day, 3 March (1878)|
|Life expectancy at birth: total population: 74.5 years. Male: 71.2 years, female: 78 years (2016 estimate)||Total fertility rate: 1.46 children born / woman (2016 estimate)||Birthrate: 8.8 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate)|
|Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write. Total population: 98.4%; male: 98.7%, female: 98.1% (2015 estimate)||Legal system: civil law||Suffrage: 18 years of age, universal|
|Industries: electricity, gas, water; food, beverages, tobacco; machinery and equipment, base metals, chemical products, coke, refined petroleum, nuclear fuel||Industrial production growth rate: 2.8% (2016 estimate)||GDP real growth rate: 3% (2016 estimate) 3% (2015 estimate) 1.5% (2014 estimate)|
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