|Borderline map of Romania||Location map of Romania||Flag of Romania|
Google maps and detailed facts of Romania (RO). This page enables you to explore Romania and its border countries (Country location: Southeastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Bulgaria and Ukraine) through detailed Satellite imagery – fast and easy as never before Google maps.
Find comprehensive information below about this country in its diversity: Google maps, geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government, and history – All in One Wiki page.
There is also Street View and free Driving Directions at your service. Your Google Satellite Map Sightseeing in Romania, in Europe, starts here at Driving Directions and Maps.com.
Romania Google maps™
The map below shows Romania with its cities, towns, highways, main roads, streets, and also providing Street Views. To find a location, use the form below, type any city or place, and to view, just a simple map click on the “Show map” button.
The Google map above is showing Romania with its location: Europe (geographic coordinates: 46 00 N, 25 00 E) and the international borders of Romania; total: 2,844 km. Border countries (total: 5): Bulgaria 605 km, Hungary 424 km, Moldova 683 km, Serbia 531 km, Ukraine 601 km; furthermore, it’s inland counties boundaries.
Hint: Have a look at the Street view in Romania, or Europe. All you have to do is to drag and pull the little yellow man (named: Pegman) on the Google map above the desired location. After that, whenever it is available (more than 50 countries in the world), blue stripes will appear to show the photos and details from Google’s regularly updated data image base. In case if you have signed in to your Google account currently, you may have a look at the satellite map of this country/area as well.
The map of Romania, Europe, is informational use only. No representation made or warrantied given as to any map or its content by Driving Directions and Maps site. The user assumes all risk of use of this Romania Google map and facts/wiki.
About Romania in detail
Where is Romania?
Romania, in case, if you are looking on the map under the Coordinates 44 26 N 26 06 E otherwise in Europe, in the southeastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Bulgaria and Ukraine.
What is the capital city of Romania?
The capital city of Romania is: Bucharest.
What is the time in Bucharest?
It is 7 hours ahead of Washington, D.C. during Standard Time, the timezone of Bucharest is: UTC+2.
What is the Internet code for Romania?
The Top Level Domain (TLD) for Romania is: .ro
What is the size of Romania?
The territory of Romania is total: 238,391 sq km; land: 229,891 sq km, water: 8,500 sq km.
If we want to describe the size of the territory of Romania is slightly smaller than Oregon.
If we would like to walk around and discover Romania, we can do that by covering a distance of total: 2,844 km.
What is the water coverage of Romania?
We have already mentioned on this website, that what percentage of Romania is covered by water (see below), and this includes 225 km coastline.
What is the climate like in Romania?
The climate of Romania is temperate: cold, cloudy winters with frequent snow and fog: sunny summers with frequent showers and thunderstorms.
Geographical data of Romania
The elevation of Romania; mean elevation: 414 m, elevation extremes; lowest point: Black Sea 0 m, highest point: Moldoveanu 2,544 m.
The typical geographical details of Romania include central Transylvanian Basin is separated from the Moldavian Plateau on the east by the Eastern Carpathian Mountains and separated from the Walachian Plain on the south by the Transylvanian Alps.
If we would like to describe the countries location from a different point of view, it is safe to say, and easy to read from a map, Romania is controls the most easily traversable land route between the Balkans, Moldova, and Ukraine; the Carpathian Mountains dominate the center of the country, while the Danube River forms much of the southern boundary with Serbia and Bulgaria.
Resources and land use of Romania
The country’s main mined products are petroleum (reserves declining), timber, natural gas, coal, iron ore, salt, arable land, hydropower. The population partly uses the earlier highlighted land territory and partly left in its natural state: agricultural land: 60.7%; arable land 39.1%; permanent crops 1.9%; permanent pasture 19.7%; forest: 28.7%; other: 10.6% (2011 estimate).
Population data of Romania
The number of inhabitants of Romania is 21,599,736 (July 2016 estimate).
If we examine the proportion of the population distribution, it is safe to say that urbanization is not particularly high, and a fairly even population distribution can be found throughout most of the country, with urban areas attracting larger and denser populations; Hungarians, the country’s largest minority, have a particularly strong presence in eastern Transylvania.
If we are looking at the proportion of the urbanized and barely populated areas, these are the figures: urban population: 54.6% of the total population (2015).
Most of the population in Romania is concentrated in BUCHAREST (capital) 1.868 million (2015).
Ethnicity in Romania
According to ethnicity details, the ethnic groups in this country are the following: Romanian 83.4%, Hungarian 6.1%, Roma 3.1%, Ukrainian 0.3%, German 0.2%, other 0.7%, unspecified 6.1% (2011 estimate).
Spoken languages in Romania
The spoken languages in Romania are the following: Romanian (official language) 85.4%, Hungarian 6.3%, Romany (Gypsy) 1.2%, other 1%, unspecified 6.1% (2011 estimate).
What are the most important religions in Romania?
During the general census, researchers examine the churches, according to this: Eastern Orthodox (including all sub-denominations) 81.9%, Protestant (various denominations including Reformed and Pentecostal) 6.4%, Roman Catholic 4.3%, other (includes Muslim) 0.9%, none or atheist 0.2%, unspecified 6.3% (2011 estimate).
Further population data of Romania
The proportion of gender and age tells a lot about the society as follows 0-14 years: 14.4% (male 1,597,470 / female 1,512,701) 15-24 years: 10.76% (male 1,192,310 / female 1,131,655) 25-54 years: 45.97% (male 5,023,060 / female 4,905,559) 55-64 years: 12.8% (male 1,293,423 / female 1,471,480) 65 years and over: 16.07% (male 1,403,211 / female 2,068,867) (2016 estimate). It also a significant factor in a society the population growth rate, which in the case of Romania is -0.32% (2016 estimate).
The population growth rate based on two elements, the birth, and the death rate. In Romania the birth rate is 9 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate), the death rate 11.9 deaths / 1,000 population (2016 estimate).
In this day and age in developed societies, the first child borns later compared to the previous centuries and decades, so childbearing is extended. In Romania, the average age of mothers at the first childbirth is .
In the best-case scenario, although the birth of the children postponed, the parents are still able to see their kids grow as life expectancy also extended. In the case of Romania, these figures are. With the introduction of modern medicine, vaccinations, and the proper hygienic conditions, the infant mortality rate is in a steep decline. The infant mortality statistics in Romania are the following: . Relevant data is the budget of healthcare, which is in the case of this country is 5.6% of GDP (2014).
Economic data of Romania
If we would like to describe a country, we also have to mention its economy; Romania, which joined the EU on 1 January 2007, began the transition from communism in 1989 with a largely obsolete industrial base and a pattern of output unsuited to the country’s needs. Romania’s macroeconomic gains have only recently started to spur cIn the aftermath of the global financial crisis, Romania signed a $26 billion emergency assistance package from the IMF, the EU, and other international lenders, but GDP contracted until 2011. In March 2011, Romania and the IMF/EU/World Bank signed a 24-mEconomic growth rebounded in 2013-16, driven by strong industrial exports and excellent agricultural harvests, and the fiscal deficit was reduced substantially. Industry outperformed other sectors of the economy in 2016. Exports remained an engine of econAn aging population, significant tax evasion, insufficient health care, and an aggressive loosening of the fiscal package jeopardize the low fiscal deficit and public debt and are the economy’s top vulnerabilities.
GDP is a prominent figure, as all the relevant calculations and statistics based on it. GDP in Romania is $186.5 billion (2015 estimate).
Another important indicator is the rate of the GDP growth, which in Romania is 5% (2016 estimate) 3.8% (2015 estimate) 3% (2014 estimate).
These statistics are affecting the world economy; remember in 2015, when the Chinese real GDP growth rate was worse than expected; The world markets fall, and the Chinese stock exchange temporally suspended.
A further major factor of a country’s economy, the GDP per capita. In Romania this is $22,300 (2016 estimate) $21,100 (2015 estimate) $20,300 (2014 estimate).
In the case of the economy, the Trinity is in common places, such as agriculture, industry, and services.
What are the agricultural products Romania produces?
The main agricultural products of Romania are wheat, corn, barley, sugar beets, sunflower seed, potatoes, grapes; eggs, sheep.
Regarding the economy, the important segments are electric machinery and equipment, auto assembly, textiles and footwear, light machinery, metallurgy, chemicals, food processing, petroleum refining, mining, timber, construction materials. The crucial and regularly mentioned GDP is based on electric machinery and equipment, auto assembly, textiles and footwear, light machinery, metallurgy, chemicals, food processing, petroleum refining, mining, timber, construction materials.
Drinking water source in Romania
It is important to mention, that – thanks to the development of the infrastructure -, the rate of potable water improved: urban: 100% of the population, rural: 100% of the population, total: 100% of the population. Unimproved: urban: 0% of the population, rural: 0% of the population, total: 0% of the population (2015 estimate).
The average number of childbirth in Romania
In Romania, the average number of delivery is 1.34 children born / woman (2016 estimate).
Population, median age, migration, and citizenship in Romania
The average age of the population is total: 40.7 years; male: 39.3 years, female: 42.1 years (2016 estimate). The age of adulthood varies in every country of the world in Romania it is 18 years of age, universal.
In this age, when we are experiencing an unprecedented scale of migration and globalization, it is an important factor the number of new coming immigrants. In Romania is -0.2 migrant(s) / 1,000 population (2016 estimate). It is important to know, how to apply for citizenship: citizenship by birth: no. Citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Romania. Dual citizenship recognized: yes, residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years.
Is Romania a safe destination? Healthcare services and infectious diseases in Romania
Many of the travelers are looking into the healthcare services and infectious diseases of their destinations. In Romania density of the hospital beds is 6.1 beds / 1,000 population (2011).
According to WHO rating regarding contagious diseases in Romania the N/A.
However, HIV is not curable but maintainable. Let’s do not forget when the disease surfaced it was a world threatening condition. Unfortunately, in some countries, it is still very high the number of infected patients and fatalities as a result of the disease.
In Romania the number of HIV/AIDS deaths: N/A.
Regarding tourism obesity, not an important issue, but we have to mention among the health statistics, as it is the plague of the 20th and the 21st century. The rate of obese adults in Romania is 23.4% (2014).
What are the natural hazards in Romania? Is there any?
The most known natural risks in Romania are earthquakes, most severe in south and southwest; geologic structure and climate promote landslides.
More interesting facts about Romania
A few words about the past, as every country and society, is connected to its history; The principalities of Wallachia and Moldavia – for centuries under the suzerainty of the Turkish Ottoman Empire – secured their autonomy in 1856; they were de facto linked in 1859 and formally united in 1862 under the new name of Romania. The country gained recognition of its independence in 1878. It joined the Allied Powers in World War I and acquired new territories – most notably Transylvania – following the conflict. In 1940, Romania allied with the Axis powers and participated in the 1941 German invasion of the USSR. Three years later, overrun by the Soviets, Romania signed an armistice. The post-war Soviet occupation led to the formation of a communist “people’s republic” in 1947 and the abdication of the king. The decades-long rule of dictator Nicolae CEAUSESCU, who took power in 1965, and his Securitate police state became increasingly oppressive and draconian through the 1980s. CEAUSESCU was overthrown and executed in late 1989. Former communists dominated the government until 1996 when they were swept from power. Romania joined NATO in 2004 and the EU in 2007.
In every nation’s memory, some cornerstones placed the country on the timeline of history. The date of declaration of independence of Romania: 9 May 1877 (independence proclaimed from the Ottoman Empire; independence recognized on 13 July 1878 by the Treaty of Berlin); 26 March 1881 (kingdom proclaimed); 30 December 1947 (republic proclaimed).
The flag and other symbols of Romania
The colors, symbols, and animals on the flag usually have a historical background or related to an important milestone or memory of the nation.
This case is not an exception either, three equal vertical bands of blue (hoist side), yellow, and red; modeled after the flag of France, the colors are those of the principalities of Walachia (red and yellow) and Moldavia (red and blue), which united in 1862 to form Romania; the national coat of arms that used to be centered in the yellow band has been removed. Note: now similar to the flag of Chad, whose blue band is darker; also resembles the flags of Andorra and Moldova.
Apart from the flag, the symbol of national unity is the national anthem. The primary purpose of the anthem is to share the nation’s core values, endeavors, and patriotic feelings.
National symbols of Romania: golden eagle; national colors: blue, yellow, red.
Constitution of Romania
The existence of the nation based on the constitution. Some constitutions knew around the world, like the U.S. Constitution that accepted on 17th of September 1787, in Philadelphia, the Constitution of the United States of America.
It is not related to the declaration of independence that was stolen by Nicolas Cage in the movie National Treasure 🙂
What is the legal system of Romania?
Most of the time, the legal system of a country is in the focus of lawyers. It is a common fact that there are two main approaches in the world, “the law in books” and “the law in action.”
In the Anglo-Saxon world, the practice is the “law in action” while in the rest of the world where the law based on Roman law, the “law in books.”
The legal system of Romania is a civil law system.
It was Aristotle who founded the Theory of 3 separations of powers. In his view, these are the council of public affairs, the magistrates, and the justice system. In the age of enlightenment was the time when terminologies have defined the way we still use them. In most democratic countries, the three authorities separated from each other. In dictatorships, the authorities usually interweaved in one hand.
About the legislative branch of Romania, we can highlight the following structures bicameral Parliament or Parlament consists of the Senate or Senat (136 seats; members serve 4-year terms) and the Chamber of Deputies or Camera Deputatilor (330 seats; members serve 4-year terms); note – 18 reserved seats for non-Hungarian national minorities and 4 for the Romanian diaspora in the Chamber of Deputies; 2 seats for the Romanian diaspora in the Senateelections: Senate – last held on 11 December 2016 (next to be held by December 2020); Chamber of Deputies – last held on 11 December 2016 (next to be held by December 2020)election results: Senate – percent of vote by party – PSD 45.7%, PNL 20.4%, USR 8.9%, UDMR 6.2%, ALDE 6%, PMP 5.7%, other 7.1%; seats by party – PSD 67, PNL 30, USR 13, UDMR 9, ALDE 9, PMP 8; Chamber of Deputies – percent of vote by party – PSD 45.5%, PNL 20%, USR 8.9%, UDMR 6.2%, ALDE 5.6%, PMP 5.3%, other 8.5%; seats by party – PSD 154, PNL 69, USR 30, UDMR 21, ALDE 20, PMP 18, minorities 18.
About the unemployment rate, labor force, and poverty line in Romania
One of the major problems of the 21st-century economy is unemployment. Governments are struggling to maintain a low level of unemployment rate. Still, as a result of automation, the cheap 3rd world labor and the outsourcing of workflow, these attempts are failing. In Romania the labor force is 9.133 million (2016 estimate). Please bear in mind that the population in Romania is total: 9.6 deaths / 1,000 live births; male: 11 deaths / 1,000 live births, female: 8.2 deaths / 1,000 live births (2016 estimate) – as we already mentioned above.
The rate of unemployment in Romania is 6.7% (2016 estimate).
Widely known that the gap between the rich and poor is widening on an enormous scale.
According to the 2017 shocking Oxfam report, the richest eight people’s fortune is equal to the wealth of the poorest half of the world’s population.
In Romania, the income of the households and consumption compared to the entire population: lowest 10%: 15.3% highest 10%: 7.6% (2014 estimate).
Another widely used indicator is the so-called GINI index, which measures the inequalities of statistical dispersion, but mainly used for measuring the sharing of income and fortune.
The GINI index named after its founder Corrado Gini, an Italian economist. Gini index has grades between 0-1, but often it is used on a percentage basis. It is 0 if the examined criteria territorial distribution is equal. It is one of the criteria concentrated on the territory. In Romania, the GINI index is .27,3 (2012).
The states usually set up a poverty line, which is more or less, is a subjective measure. It varies by country; its base is often the minimum pension, the incomes of the most deficient 20 percent, the X percent of income per capita Etc.
In Romania, the people living under the poverty line are the lowest 10%: 15.3% highest 10%: 7.6% (2014 estimate).
About the budget and central governments debt of Romania
The available budget mainly defines the state’s economy. The budget of Romania is; revenues: $56.84 billion, expenditures: $62.14 billion (2016 estimate). Taxes and other revenues are 30.5% of GDP (2016 estimate).
The budget deficit (Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)) is .
The fiscal year in Romania is the calendar year.
In the country’s economy, we have to consider the public debt. Public debt is the consolidated sum of the state’s local, federal, and central government debt.
Inflation rate and prime lending rate in Romania
A few further interesting and relevant economic data are the following; Inflation rate: -1.1% (2016 estimate), -0.6% (2015 estimate), and the rate of the Commercial bank prime lending rate: 6% (31 December 2016 estimate).
Export/import partners and data of Romania
Romania, with the export of products, industrial tools, and other services, generates revenue. The export value in Romania is: $56.03 billion (2016 estimate), $54.52 billion (2015 estimate). The total revenue of these activities: machinery and equipment, other manufactured goods, agricultural products and foodstuffs, metals and metal products, chemicals, minerals and fuels, raw materials.
The most important imported products are machinery and equipment, other manufactured goods, chemicals, agricultural products and foodstuffs, fuels and minerals, metals and metal products, raw materials, and the countries from where the import is coming: Germany 19.8%, Italy 10.9%, Hungary 8%, France 5.6%, Poland 4.9%, China 4.6%, Netherlands 4% (2015).
Renewable energies used in Romania
As an attempt to suppress the pollution of the environment, renewable energies have to replace fossil energy. The more the proportion of renewable energies in a country means more effort against the pollution. Romania, the indicator of how much of the country’s produced energy coming from the hydroelectric source, is 30% of total installed capacity (2014 estimate).
To indicate how much another renewable energy produced is 19.6% of total installed capacity (2014 estimate).
Telecommunication data of Romania, calling code
To maintain the economy, the development of a reliable and modern telecommunications infrastructure is crucial. We can say the following about Romania; the telecommunications sector is being expanded and modernized; domestic and international service improving rapidly, especially mobile-cellular servicesdomestic: more than 90% of telephone network is automatic; fixed-line teledensity is about 20 telephones per 100 persons; mobile-cellular teledensity over 100 telephones per 100 persons international: country code – 40; the Black Sea Fiber-Optic Cable System provides connectivity to Bulgaria and Turkey; satellite earth stations – 10; digital, international, direct-dial exchanges operate in Bucharest (2014).
Transport infrastructure in Romania
In the 21st century, we often say that the world has become small and there are no distances anymore. With widespread air travel when (sometimes) there are no visa restrictions, it is easy to reach other countries, but in case the distance is not too long, we can also use railway or water transportation.
The number of airports in Romania: 45 (2013), and the number of heliports: 2 (2013).
The total length of the roadways in Romania: total: 84,185 km, paved: 49,873 km (includes 337 km of expressways), unpaved: 34,312 km (2012).
The total length of the waterways in Romania: 1,731 km (includes 1,075 km on the Danube River, 524 km on secondary branches, and 132 km on canals) (2010).
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Facts & data about Romania
Name of the country: conventional long form: none, conventional short form: Romania, local long form: none, local short form: Romania, etymology: the name derives from the Latin “Romanus” meaning “citizen of Rome” and was used to stress the common ancient heritage of Romania’s three main regions – Moldavia, Transylvania, and Wallachia – during their gradual unification between the mid-19th century and early 20th century.
|Abbrevation: Romania||Geographic coordinates:
46 00 N, 25 00 E
|Country location: Europe|
|Capital of Romania: Bucharest||GPS of the Capital:
44 26 N 26 06 E
|Position: Southeastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Bulgaria and Ukraine|
|Land area: total: 238,391 sq km; land: 229,891 sq km, water: 8,500 sq km||Terrain: central Transylvanian Basin is separated from the Moldavian Plateau on the east by the Eastern Carpathian Mountains and separated from the Walachian Plain on the south by the Transylvanian Alps
||Area comparative: slightly smaller than Oregon|
|Population: 21,599,736 (July 2016 estimate)||Population grow rate: -0.32% (2016 estimate)||Sex ratio: at birth: 1.06 male(s) / female, 0-14 years: 1.06 male(s) / female, 15-24 years: 1.05 male(s) / female, 25-54 years: 1.02 male(s) / female, 55-64 years: 0.88 male(s) / female, 65 years and over: 0.68 male(s) / female, total population: 0.95 male(s) / female (2016 estimate)|
|Exports: $56.03 billion (2016 estimate), $54.52 billion (2015 estimate)||Imports: $66.45 billion (2016 estimate), $63.12 billion (2015 estimate)||Import partners: Germany 19.8%, Italy 10.9%, Hungary 8%, France 5.6%, Poland 4.9%, China 4.6%, Netherlands 4% (2015)|
|Urbanization: urban population: 54.6% of the total population (2015)||Major urban area(s): BUCHAREST (capital) 1.868 million (2015)||Median age: total: 40.7 years; male: 39.3 years, female: 42.1 years (2016 estimate)
|Internet users: total: 12.082 million. Percent of the population: 55.8% (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (fixed lines): total subscriptions: 4.27 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 20 (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (mobile, cellular): total: 23.12 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 107 (July 2015 estimate)|
|Unemployment rate: 6.7% (2016 estimate)||Nationality: Romanian(s) adjective: Romanian||National holidays: Unification Day (of Romania and Transylvania), 1 December (1918)|
|Life expectancy at birth: total population: 75.1 years. Male: 71.7 years, female: 78.8 years (2016 estimate)||Total fertility rate: 1.34 children born / woman (2016 estimate)||Birthrate: 9 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate)|
|Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write. Total population: 98.8%; male: 99.1%, female: 98.5% (2015 estimate)||Legal system: civil law system||Suffrage: 18 years of age, universal|
|Industries: electric machinery and equipment, auto assembly, textiles and footwear, light machinery, metallurgy, chemicals, food processing, petroleum refining, mining, timber, construction materials||Industrial production growth rate: 2% (2016 estimate)||GDP real growth rate: 5% (2016 estimate) 3.8% (2015 estimate) 3% (2014 estimate)|
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