|Borderline map of Ukraine||Location map of Ukraine||Flag of Ukraine|
Google maps and detailed facts of Ukraine (UA). This page enables you to explore Ukraine and its border countries (Country Location: Eastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Poland, Romania, and Moldova in the west and Russia in the east) through detailed Satellite imagery – fast and easy as never before Google maps.
There is also Street View and free Driving Directions at your service. Your Google Satellite Map Sightseeing in Ukraine, in Europe, starts here at Driving Directions and Maps.com.
Ukraine Google Maps & Satellite Maps
The map below shows Ukraine with its cities, towns, highways, main roads, streets, and Street Views. To find a location, use the form below, type any city or place, view just a simple map, and click on the “show map” button.
The Google map above shows Ukraine with its location: Europe (geographic coordinates: 49 00 N, 32 00 E) and the international borders of Ukraine; total: 5,618 km. Border countries (total: 7): Belarus 1,111 km, Hungary 128 km, Moldova 1,202 km, Poland 535 km, Romania 601 km, Russia 1,944 km, Slovakia 97 km; furthermore, it’s inland counties boundaries.
Hint: Look at the Street view in Ukraine or Europe. All you have to do is drag and pull the little yellow man (named: Pegman) on the Google map above the desired location. After that, whenever it is available (more than 50 countries globally), blue stripes will appear to show the photos and details from Google’s regularly updated data image base. In case if you have signed in to your Google account currently, you may have a look at the satellite map of this country/area as well.
The map of Ukraine, Europe is for informational use only. No representation is made or warrantied given any map or its content by Driving Directions and Maps site. The user assumes all risks of using this Ukraine Google map and facts/wiki.
About Ukraine in detail
Where is Ukraine?
Ukraine, in case, if you are looking on the map under the Coordinates 50 26 N 30 31 E otherwise in Europe, in Eastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Poland, Romania, and Moldova in the west and Russia in the east.
What is the capital city of Ukraine?
The capital city of Ukraine is Kiev (Kyiv).
What is the time in Kiev?
What is the Internet code for Ukraine?
The Top Level Domain (TLD) for Ukraine is: .ua
What is the size of Ukraine?
The territory of Ukraine is total: 603,550 sq km; land: 579,330 sq km, water: 24,220 sq km.
If we want to describe the size of the territory of Ukraine is almost four times the size of Georgia, somewhat smaller than Texas.
If we would like to walk around and discover Ukraine, we can cover a total distance: 5,618 km.
What is the water coverage of Ukraine?
We have already mentioned what percentage of Ukraine is covered by water (see below), including a 2,782 km coastline.
What is the climate like in Ukraine?
The climate of Ukraine is temperate continental: the Mediterranean only on the southern Crimean coast: precipitation disproportionately distributed, highest in west and north, lesser in east and southeast: winters vary from cool along the Black Sea to cold farther inland: warm summers across the more significant part of the country, hot in the south.
Geographical data of Ukraine
The elevation of Ukraine; mean elevation: 175 m, elevation extremes; lowest point: the Black Sea 0 m, highest point: Hora Hoverla 2,061 m.
The specific geographical details of Ukraine include mostly fertile plains (steppes) and plateaus, with mountains found only in the west (the Carpathians) or in the extreme south of the Crimean Peninsula.
Suppose we would like to describe the countries location from a different perspective. In that case, it is safe to say, and easy to read from a map, Ukraine is a strategic position at the crossroads between Europe and Asia, the second-largest country in Europe after Russia.
The country’s main mined products are iron ore, coal, manganese, natural gas, oil, salt, sulfur, graphite, titanium, magnesium, kaolin, nickel, mercury, timber, arable land. The population partly uses the earlier highlighted land territory and partly left in its natural state: agricultural land: 71.2%; arable land 56.1%; permanent crops 1.5%; permanent pasture 13.6%; forest: 16.8%; other: 12% (2011 estimate).
Population data of Ukraine
The number of inhabitants of Ukraine is 44,209,733 (July 2016 estimate).
If we examine the proportion of the population distribution, it is safe to say that the densest settlement in the eastern (Donbas) and western regions; notable concentrations in Kyiv, Kharkiv, and major urban areas Donets’k, Dnipropetrovs’k, and Odesa.
If we look at the proportion of the urbanized and barely populated areas, these are the figures: urban population: 69.7% of the total population (2015).
Most of the population in Ukraine is concentrated in KYIV (capital) 2.942 million; Kharkiv 1.441 million; Odesa 1.01 million; Dnipropetrovsk 957,000; Donetsk 934,000; Zaporizhzhya 753,000 (2015).
Ethnicity in Ukraine
According to ethnicity details, the ethnic groups are Ukrainian 77.8%, Russian 17.3%, Belarusian 0.6%, Moldovan 0.5%, Crimean Tatar 0.5%, Bulgarian 0.4%, Hungarian 0.3%, Romanian 0.3%, Polish 0.3%, Jewish 0.2%, other 1.8% (2001 estimate).
Spoken languages in Ukraine
The spoken languages in Ukraine are the following: Ukrainian (official language) 67.5%, Russian (regional language) 29.6%, other (includes small Crimean Tatar-, Moldavian-, and Hungarian-speaking minorities) 2.9% (2001 estimate). Note: 2012 legislation enables a language spoken by at least 10% of an oblast’s population to be given the status of “regional language,” allowing for its use in courts, schools, and other government institutions; Ukrainian remains the country’s only official language nationwide language.
What are the most important religions in Ukraine?
During the general census, researchers examine the churches, according to this: Orthodox (includes Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox (UAOC), Ukrainian Orthodox – Kyiv Patriarchate (UOC-KP), Ukrainian Orthodox – Moscow Patriarchate (UOC-MP), Ukrainian Greek Catholic, Roman Catholic, Protestant, Muslim, Jewish. Note: Ukraine’s population is overwhelmingly Christian; the vast majority – up to two-thirds – identify themselves as Orthodox, but many do not specify a particular branch; the UOC-KP and the UOC-MP each represent less than a quarter of the country’s population, the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church accounts for 8-10%, and the UAOC accounts for 1-2%; Muslim and Jewish adherents each compose less than 1% of the total population (2013 estimate).
Further population data of Ukraine
The proportion of gender and age tells a lot about the society as follows 0-14 years: 15.51% (male 3,528,821 / female 3,326,405) 15-24 years: 10.3% (male 2,334,454 / female 2,218,718) 25-54 years: 44.47% (male 9,639,404 / female 10,020,385) 55-64 years: 13.68% (male 2,587,898 / female 3,458,016) 65 years and over: 16.05% (male 2,375,904 / female 4,719,728) (2016 estimate). It also a significant factor in a society the population growth rate, which in the case of Ukraine is -0.39% (2016 estimate).
The population growth rate is based on two elements, the birth, and the death rate. In Ukraine the birth rate is 10.5 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate), the death rate 14.4 deaths / 1,000 population (2016 estimate).
In this day and age in developed societies, the first child borns later compared to the previous centuries and decades, so childbearing is extended. In Ukraine, the average age of mothers at the first childbirth is N/A.
In the best-case scenario, although the children’s birth is postponed, the parents can still see their kids grow as life expectancy also extended. In the case of Ukraine, these figures are. With the introduction of modern medicine, vaccinations, and the proper hygienic conditions, the infant mortality rate is in a steep decline. The infant mortality statistics in Ukraine are the following: N/A. Relevant data is the budget of healthcare, which is in the case of this country is 7.1% of GDP (2014).
Economic data of Ukraine
Suppose we would like to describe a country, we also have to mention its economy; After Russia, the Ukrainian republic was the most important economic component of the former Soviet Union, producing about four times the next-ranking output republic. Shortly after independence in August 1991, the Ukrainian Government liberalized most prices and erected a legal framework for privatization, but widespread resistance to reform within the government and the legislature soon stalled reform efforts and led to Ukraine’s dependence on Russia for energy supplies and the lack of significant structural reform have made the Ukrainian economy vulnerable to external shocks. Ukraine depends on imports to meet about three-fourths of its annual oil, and natural gas requirUkraine’s oligarch-dominated economy grew slowly from 2010 to 2013. After former President YANUKOVYCH fled the country during the Revolution of Dignity, the international community began efforts to stabilize the Ukrainian economy. Russia’s occupation of Crimea in March 2014 and on-going aggression in eastern Ukraine have hurt economic growth. With the loss of a significant portion of Ukraine’s heavy industry in Donbas and ongoing violence, Ukraine’s economy contracted by 6.6% in 2014.
GDP is a prominent figure, as all the relevant calculations and statistics are based on it. GDP in Ukraine is $87.2 billion (2015 estimate).
Another important indicator is the rate of GDP growth, which in Ukraine is 1.5% (2016 estimate) -9.9% (2015 estimate) -6.6% (2014 estimate).
These statistics are affecting the world economy; remember, in 2015, the Chinese real GDP growth rate was worse than expected; The world markets fall, and the Chinese stock exchange was temporally suspended.
A further major factor of a country’s economy, the GDP per capita. In Ukraine this is $8,200 (2016 estimate) $8,100 (2015 estimate) $8,900 (2014 estimate).
In the economy, the Trinity is in common places, such as agriculture, industry, and services.
What are the agricultural products Ukraine produces?
The main agricultural products of Ukraine are grain, sugar beets, sunflower seeds, vegetables, beef, milk.
The crucial segments are coal, electric power, ferrous and nonferrous metals, machinery and transport equipment, chemicals, and food processing. The crucial and regularly mentioned GDP is based on coal, electric power, ferrous and nonferrous metals, machinery and transport equipment, chemicals, food processing.
Drinking water source in Ukraine
It is essential to mention that – thanks to the development of the infrastructure -, the rate of potable water improved: urban: 95.5% of the population, rural: 97.8% of the population, total: 96.2% of the population. Unimproved: urban: 4.5% of the population, rural: 2.2% of the people, total: 3.8% of the population (2015 estimate).
The average number of childbirth in Ukraine
In Ukraine, the average delivery number is 1.54 children born / woman (2016 estimate).
The average age of the population is 40.4 years; male: 37.2 years, female: 43.5 years (2016 estimate). The age of adulthood varies in every country of the world in Ukraine; it is 18 years of age, universal.
When we are experiencing an unprecedented scale of migration and globalization, it is an important factor in the number of new immigrants. In Ukraine is 0 migrant(s) / 1,000 population (2016 estimate). It is important to know how to apply for citizenship: citizenship by birth: no. Citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Ukraine. Dual citizenship recognized: no—the residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years.
Is Ukraine a safe destination? Healthcare services and infectious diseases in Ukraine
Many of the travelers are looking into the healthcare services and infectious diseases of their destinations. In Ukraine, the hospital beds’ density is nine beds / 1,000 population (2012).
According to the WHO rating regarding contagious diseases in Ukraine: N/A.
However, HIV is not curable but maintainable. Let’s do not forget when the disease surfaced; it was a world threatening condition. Unfortunately, in some countries, it is still very high the number of infected patients and fatalities due to the disease.
In Ukraine, the number of HIV/AIDS deaths: N/A.
Regarding tourism obesity, not an important issue, but we have to mention health statistics, as it is the plague of the 20th and the 21st century. The rate of obese adults in Ukraine is 21.7% (2014).
What are the natural hazards in Ukraine? Is there any?
The most known natural risk in Ukraine is N/A.
More interesting facts about Ukraine
A few words about the past, as every country and society, is connected to its history; Ukraine was the center of the first eastern Slavic state, Kyivan Rus, which during the 10th and 11th centuries was the largest and most powerful state in Europe. Weakened by internecine quarrels and Mongol invasions, Kyivan Rus was incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and eventually into the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The cultural and religious legacy of Kyivan Rus laid the foundation for Ukrainian nationalism through subsequent centuries. A new Ukrainian state, the Cossack Hetmanate, was established during the mid-17th century after an uprising against the Poles. Despite continuous Muscovite pressure, the Hetmanate managed to remain autonomous for well over 100 years. During the latter part of the 18th century, most Ukrainian ethnographic territory was absorbed by the Russian Empire. Following the collapse of czarist Russia in 1917, Ukraine achieved a short-lived period of independence (1917-20) but was reconquered and endured a brutal Soviet rule that engineered two forced famines (1921-22 and 1932-33) in which over 8 million died. In World War II, German and Soviet armies were responsible for 7 to 8 million more deaths. Although Ukraine achieved absolute independence in 1991 with the USSR’s dissolution, democracy and prosperity remained elusive as the legacy of state control and endemic corruption stalled efforts at economic reform, privatization, and civil liberties.
A peaceful mass protest referred to as the “Orange Revolution” in the closing months of 2004 forced the authorities to overturn a rigged presidential election and to allow a new internationally monitored vote that swept into power a reformist slate under Viktor YUSHCHENKO. Subsequent internal squabbles in the YUSHCHENKO camp allowed his rival Viktor YANUKOVYCH to stage a comeback in parliamentary (Rada) elections, become prime minister in August 2006, and be elected president in February 2010. In October 2012, Ukraine held Rada elections, widely criticized by Western observers as flawed due to government resources’ use to favor ruling party candidates, interference with media access, and harassment of opposition candidates. President YANUKOVYCH’s backtracking on a trade and cooperation agreement with the EU in November 2013 – in favor of closer economic ties with Russia – and subsequent use of force against civil society activists in favor of the agreement led to a three-month protest occupation of Kyiv’s central square. The government’s use of violence to break up the protest camp in February 2014 led to all-out pitched battles, scores of deaths, international condemnation, and the president’s abrupt departure to Russia. New elections in the spring allowed pro-West president Petro POROSHENKO to assume office on 7 June 2014. Shortly after YANUKOVYCH’s release in late February 2014, Russian President PUTIN ordered the invasion of Ukraine’s the Crimean Peninsula claiming the action was to protect ethnic Russians living there. Two weeks later, a “referendum” was held regarding the integration of Crimea into the Russian Federation.
The “referendum” was condemned as illegitimate by the Ukrainian Government, the EU, the US, and the UN General Assembly (UNGA). Although Russia illegally annexed Crimea after the “referendum,” the Ukrainian Government, backed by UNGA resolution 68/262, asserts that Crimea remains part of Ukraine and fully under Ukrainian sovereignty. Russia also continues to supply separatists in two of Ukraine’s eastern provinces with manpower, funding, and material resulting in an armed conflict with the Ukrainian Government. Representatives from Ukraine, Russia, and the unrecognized separatist republics signed a ceasefire agreement in September 2014. However, this ceasefire failed to stop the fighting. In a renewed attempt to alleviate ongoing clashes, Ukraine, Russia, France, and Germany negotiated a follow-on peace deal in February 2015 known as the Minsk Agreements. Representatives from Ukraine, Russia, and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe also meet regularly to facilitate the peace deal implementation. Scattered fighting between Ukrainian and Russian-backed separatist forces is still ongoing in eastern Ukraine.
In every nation’s memory, some cornerstones placed the country on the timeline of history. The date of declaration of independence of Ukraine: 24 August 1991 (from the Soviet Union); notable earlier dates: ca. 982 (VOLODYMYR I consolidates Kyivan Rus), 1648 (establishment of the Cossack Hetmanate).
The flag and other symbols of Ukraine
The colors, symbols, and animals on the flag usually have a historical background or an important milestone or memory of the nation.
This case is not an exception; two equal horizontal bands of azure (top) and golden yellow represent grain fields under a blue sky.
Apart from the flag, the symbol of national unity is the national anthem. The anthem’s primary purpose is to share the nation’s core values, endeavors, and patriotic feelings.
National symbols of Ukraine: tryzub (trident); national colors: blue, yellow.
Constitution of Ukraine
The existence of the nation is based on the constitution. Some constitutions knew worldwide, like the U.S. Constitution that was accepted on the 17th of September 1787, in Philadelphia, the Constitution of the United States of America.
It is not related to the declaration of independence that was stolen by Nicolas Cage in the movie National Treasure 🙂
What is the legal system of Ukraine?
Most of the time, the legal system of a country is the focus of lawyers. It is a common fact that there are two main approaches in the world, “the law in books” and “the law in action.”
In the Anglo-Saxon world, the practice is the “law in action,” while in the rest of the world, the law is based on Roman law, the “law in books.”
The legal system of Ukraine is a civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts.
It was Aristotle who founded the Theory of 3 separations of powers. In his view, these are the council of public affairs, the magistrates, and the justice system. The age of enlightenment was the time when terminologies have defined the way we still use them. In most democratic countries, the three authorities separated from each other. In dictatorships, the rules usually interweaved in one hand.
About the legislative branch of Ukraine, we can highlight the following structures unicameral Supreme Council or Verkhovna Rada (450 seats; 225 members directly elected in single-seat constituencies by simple majority vote and 225 directly elected in a single nationwide constituency by proportional representation vote; members serve 5-year terms); note – because of the Russian annexation of Crimea and the partial occupation of two eastern provinces, 27 of the 450 seats remain unfilled.
About the unemployment rate, labor force, and poverty line in Ukraine
One of the major problems of the 21st-century economy is unemployment. Governments are struggling to maintain a low level of the unemployment rate. Still, as a result of automation, the cheap 3rd world labor, and the outsourcing of workflow, these attempts fail. In Ukraine, the labor force is 18.04 million (2016 estimate). Please bear in mind that the population in Ukraine is total: 8 deaths / 1,000 live births; male: 8.9 deaths / 1,000 live births, female: 7 deaths / 1,000 live births (2016 estimate) – as we already mentioned above.
The rate of unemployment in Ukraine is 10% (2016 estimate).
Widely known that the gap between the rich and poor is widening on an enormous scale.
According to the 2017 shocking Oxfam report, the most affluent eight people’s fortune is equal to the wealth of the poorest half of the world’s population.
In Ukraine, the households’ income and consumption compared to the entire population: lowest 10%: 3.8% highest 10%: 22.5% (2011 estimate).
Another widely used indicator is the so-called GINI index, which measures the inequalities of statistical dispersion, but is mainly used for measuring the sharing of income and fortune.
The GINI index was named after its founder Corrado Gini, an Italian economist. Gini index has grades between 0-1, but often it is used on a percentage basis. It is 0 if the examined criteria territorial distribution is equal. It is one of the criteria concentrated on the territory. In Ukraine, the GINI index is .24,6 (2013).
The states usually set up a poverty line, which is more or less, is a subjective measure. It varies by country; its base is often the minimum pension, the incomes of the most deficient 20 percent, the X percent of income per capita Etc.
In Ukraine, the poverty line people are the lowest 10%: 3.8% highest 10%: 22.5% (2011 estimate).
About the budget and central governments debt of Ukraine
The available budget mainly defines the state’s economy. The budget of Ukraine is; revenues: $27.8 billion, expenditures: $30.87 billion. Note: this is the planned, consolidated budget (2016 estimate). Taxes and other revenues are 31.9% of GDP (2016 estimate).
The budget deficit (Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)) is N/A.
The fiscal year in Ukraine is the calendar year.
In the country’s economy, we have to consider the public debt. Public debt is the consolidated sum of the state’s local, federal, and central government debt.
Inflation rate and prime lending rate in Ukraine
A few further interesting and relevant economic data are the following; Inflation rate: 13.5% (2016 estimate), 48.7% (2015 estimate), and the rate of the Commercial bank prime lending rate: 18.5% (31 December 2016 estimate).
Export/import partners and data of Ukraine
Ukraine, with the export of products, industrial tools, and other services, generates revenue. The export value in Ukraine is: $33.97 billion (2016 estimate), $35.5 billion (2015 estimate). The total revenue of these activities: ferrous and nonferrous metals, fuel and petroleum products, chemicals, machinery, and transport equipment, foodstuffs.
The most important imported products are energy, machinery and equipment, chemicals, and the countries from where the import is coming: Russia 20%, Germany 10.4%, China 10.1%, Belarus 6.5%, Poland 6.2%, Hungary 4.2% (2015).
Renewable energies used in Ukraine
To suppress the pollution of the environment, renewable energies have to replace the fossil energy. The more the proportion of renewable energies in a country means more effort against pollution. Ukraine, the indicator of how much of the country’s produced energy is coming from the hydroelectric source, is 9.9% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
To indicate how much another renewable energy produced is 1.1% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
Telecommunication data of Ukraine, calling code
To maintain the economy, the development of a reliable and modern telecommunications infrastructure is crucial. We can say the following about Ukraine; Ukraine’s telecommunication development plan emphasizes improving domestic trunk lines, international connections, and the mobile-cellular system. Domestic: the country’s former sole telephone provider, Ukrtelekom, was successfully privatized in 2011. Independent foreign-invested private companies now provide substantial telecommunications services; the mobile-cellular telephone system’s expansion has slowed. International: country code – 380; 2 new domestic trunk lines are a part of the fiber-optic Trans-Asia-Europe (TAE) system, and 3 Ukrainian links have been installed in the fiber-optic Trans-European Lines (TEL) project that connects 18 countries (2015).
Transport infrastructure in Ukraine
In the 21st century, we often say that the world has become small and there are no distances anymore. With widespread air travel when (sometimes) there are no visa restrictions, it is easy to reach other countries, but if the distance is not too long, we can also use railway or water transportation.
The number of airports in Ukraine: 187 (2013), and the number of heliports: 9 (2013).
The total length of the roadways in Ukraine: total: 169,694 km, paved: 166,095 km (includes 17 km of expressways), unpaved: 3,599 km (2012).
The total length of the waterways in Ukraine: 1,672 km (most on Dnieper River) (2012).
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Facts & data about Ukraine
Name of the country: conventional long way: none, traditional short form: Ukraine, local long form: none, local short state: Ukrayina, former: Ukrainian National Republic, Ukrainian State, Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, etymology: name derives from the Old East Slavic word “ukraina” meaning “borderland or march (militarized border region)” and began to be used extensively in the 19th century; originally Ukrainians referred to themselves as Rusyny (Rusyns, Ruthenians, or Ruthenes), an endonym derived from the medieval Rus state (Kyivan Rus).
|Abbreviation: Ukraine||Geographic coordinates:
49 00 N, 32 00 E
|Country Location: Europe|
|Capital of Ukraine: Kiev||GPS of the Capital:
50 26 N 30 31 E
|Position: Eastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Poland, Romania, and Moldova in the west and Russia in the east|
|Land area: total: 603,550 sq km; land: 579,330 sq km, water: 24,220 sq km||Terrain: mostly fertile plains (steppes) and plateaus, with mountains found only in the west (the Carpathians) or in the extreme south of the Crimean Peninsula
||Area comparative: almost four times the size of Georgia; somewhat smaller than Texas|
|Population: 44,209,733 (July 2016 estimate)||Population grow rate: -0.39% (2016 estimate)||Sex ratio: at birth: 1.06 male(s) / female, 0-14 years: 1.06 male(s) / female, 15-24 years: 1.05 male(s) / female, 25-54 years: 0.96 male(s) / female, 55-64 years: 0.75 male(s) / female, 65 years and over: 0.5 male(s) / female, total population: 0.86 male(s) / female (2016 estimate)|
|Exports: $33.97 billion (2016 estimate), $35.5 billion (2015 estimate)||Imports: $38.3 billion (2016 estimate), $38.94 billion (2015 estimate)||Import partners: Russia 20%, Germany 10.4%, China 10.1%, Belarus 6.5%, Poland 6.2%, Hungary 4.2% (2015)|
|Urbanization: urban population: 69.7% of the total population (2015)||Major urban area(s): KYIV (capital) 2.942 million; Kharkiv 1.441 million; Odesa 1.01 million; Dnipropetrovsk 957,000; Donetsk 934,000; Zaporizhzhya 753,000 (2015)||Median age: total: 40.4 years; male: 37.2 years, female: 43.5 years (2016 estimate)
|Internet users: total: 21.886 million. Percent of the population: 49.3% (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (fixed-lines): total subscriptions: 9,113,061. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 21 (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (mobile, cellular): total: 60.72 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 137 (July 2015 estimate)|
|Unemployment rate: 10% (2016 estimate)||Nationality: Ukrainian(s) adjective: Ukrainian||National holidays: Independence Day, 24 August (1991)|
|Life expectancy at birth: total population: 71.8 years. Male: 67.1 years, female: 76.9 years (2016 estimate)||Total fertility rate: 1.54 children born / woman (2016 estimate)||Birthrate: 10.5 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate)|
|Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write. Total population: 99.8%; male: 99.8%, female: 99.7% (2015 estimate)||Legal system: civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts||Suffrage: 18 years of age, universal|
|Industries: coal, electric power, ferrous and nonferrous metals, machinery and transport equipment, chemicals, food processing||Industrial production growth rate: 2% (2016 estimate)||GDP real growth rate: 1.5% (2016 estimate) -9.9% (2015 estimate) -6.6% (2014 estimate)|
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