|Borderline map of Switzerland||Location map of Switzerland||Flag of Switzerland|
Google maps and detailed facts of Switzerland (CH). This page enables you to explore Switzerland and its border countries (Country location: Central Europe, east of France, north of Italy) through detailed Satellite imagery – fast and easy as never before Google maps.
Find comprehensive information below about this country in its diversity: Google maps, geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government, and history – All in One Wiki page.
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Switzerland Google maps™
The map below shows Switzerland with its cities, towns, highways, main roads, streets, and Street Views. To find a location, use the form below, type any city or place, and view just a simple map, and click on the “show map” button.
The Google map above shows Switzerland with its location: Europe (geographic coordinates: 47 00 N, 8 00 E) and the international borders of Switzerland; total: 1,770 km. Border countries (total: 5): Austria 158 km, France 525 km, Italy 698 km, Liechtenstein 41 km, Germany 348 km; furthermore, it’s inland counties boundaries.
Hint: Look at the Street view in Switzerland, or Europe. All you have to do is to drag and pull the little yellow man (named: Pegman) on the Google map above the desired location. After that, whenever it is available (more than 50 countries globally), blue stripes will appear to show the photos and details from Google’s regularly updated data image base. In case if you have signed in to your Google account currently, you may have a look at the satellite map of this country/area as well.
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About Switzerland in detail
Where is Switzerland?
Switzerland, in case, if you are looking on the map under the Coordinates 46 55 N 7 28 E otherwise in Europe, in Central Europe, east of France, north of Italy.
What is the capital city of Switzerland?
The capital city of Switzerland is: Bern.
What is the time in Bern?
It is 6 hours ahead of Washington, D.C. during Standard Time; the timezone of Bern is: UTC+1.
What is the Internet code for Switzerland?
The Top Level Domain (TLD) for Switzerland is: .ch
What is the size of Switzerland?
The territory of Switzerland is total: 41,277 sq km; land: 39,997 sq km, water: 1,280 sq km.
If we want to describe the size of the territory of Switzerland is slightly less than twice the size of New Jersey.
If we would like to walk around and discover Switzerland, we can cover a total distance: 1,770 km.
What is the water coverage of Switzerland?
We have already mentioned what percentage of Switzerland is covered by water (see below), and this includes 0 km (landlocked country) coastline.
What is the climate like in Switzerland?
The climate of Switzerland is temperate, but varies with altitude: cold, cloudy, rainy/snowy winters: cool to warm, cloudy, humid summers with occasional showers.
Geographical data of Switzerland
The elevation of Switzerland; mean elevation: 1,350 m, elevation extremes; lowest point: Lake Maggiore 195 m, highest point: Dufourspitze 4,634 m.
The specific geographical details of Switzerland include mostly mountains (Alps in south, Jura in northwest) with a central plateau of rolling hills, plains, and large lakes.
Suppose we would like to describe the countries location from a different perspective. In that case, it is safe to say, and easy to read from a map, Switzerland is landlocked country; crossroads of northern and southern Europe; along with southeastern France, northern Italy, and southwestern Austria, has the highest elevations in the Alps.
Resources and land use of Switzerland
The country’s main mined products are hydropower potential, timber, salt. The population partly uses the earlier highlighted land territory and partly left in its natural state: agricultural land: 38.7%; arable land 10.2%; permanent crops 0.6%; permanent pasture 27.9%; forest: 31.5%; other: 29.8% (2011 estimate).
Population data of Switzerland
The number of inhabitants of Switzerland is 8,179,294 (July 2016 estimate).
If we examine the proportion of the population distribution, it is safe to say that population distribution corresponds to elevation with the northern and western areas far more heavily populated; the higher Alps of the south limit settlement.
If we look at the proportion of the urbanized and barely populated areas, these are the figures: urban population: 73.9% of the total population (2015).
Most of the population in Switzerland is concentrated in Zurich 1.246 million; BERN (capital) 358,000 (2015).
Ethnicity in Switzerland
According to ethnicity details, the ethnic groups are German 65%, French 18%, Italian 10%, Romansch 1%, other 6%.
Spoken languages in Switzerland
The spoken languages in Switzerland are the following: German (official language) 63.5%, French (official language) 22.5%, Italian (official language) 8.1%, English 4.4%, Portuguese 3.4%, Albanian 3.1%, Serbo-Croatian 2.5%, Spanish 2.2%, Romansch (official language) 0.5%, other 6.6%. Note: German, French, Italian, and Romansch are all national and official languages; totals more than 100% because some respondents indicated more than one main language (2013 estimate).
What are the most important religions in Switzerland?
During the general census, researchers examine the churches, according to this: Roman Catholic 38.2%, Protestant 26.9%, other Christian 5.6%, Muslim 5%, other 1.6%, none 21.4%, unspecified 1.3% (2013 estimate).
Further population data of Switzerland
The proportion of gender and age tells a lot about the society as follows 0-14 years: 15.1% (male 635,840 / female 599,255) 15-24 years: 11.11% (male 463,953 / female 444,500) 25-54 years: 43.46% (male 1,783,071 / female 1,771,590) 55-64 years: 12.37% (male 506,010 / female 506,103) 65 years and over: 17.96% (male 645,225 / female 823,747) (2016 estimate). It also a significant factor in a society the population growth rate, which in the case of Switzerland is 0.7% (2016 estimate).
The population growth rate is based on two elements, the birth, and the death rate. In Switzerland the birth rate is 10.5 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate), the death rate 8.2 deaths / 1,000 population (2016 estimate).
In this day and age in developed societies, the first child borns later compared to the previous centuries and decades, so childbearing is extended. In Switzerland, the average age of mothers at the first childbirth is N/A.
In the best-case scenario, although the children’s birth is postponed, the parents can still see their kids grow as life expectancy also extended. In the case of Switzerland, these figures are. With the introduction of modern medicine, vaccinations, and the proper hygienic conditions, the infant mortality rate is in a steep decline. The infant mortality statistics in Switzerland are the following: N/A. Relevant data is the budget of healthcare, which is in the case of this country is 11.7% of GDP (2014).
Economic data of Switzerland
Suppose we would like to describe a country, we also have to mention its economy; Switzerland, a country that espouses neutrality, is a prosperous and modern market economy with low unemployment, a highly skilled labor force, and a per capita GDP among the highest in the world. Switzerland’s economy benefits from a highly developed serThe Swiss have brought their economic practices largely into conformity with the EU’s to enhance their international competitiveness, but some trade protectionism remains, particularly for its small agricultural sector. The fate of the Swiss economy is tiThe sovereign debt crises unfolding in neighboring euro-zone countries, however, coupled with ongoing economic instability in Russia and other eastern European economies continue to pose a significant risk to the Swiss economy, driving up demand for the SIn recent years, Switzerland has responded to increasing pressure from neighboring countries and trading partners to reform its banking secrecy laws, by agreeing to conform to OECD regulations on administrative assistance in tax matters, including tax eva.
GDP is a prominent figure, as all the relevant calculations and statistics are based on it. GDP in Switzerland is $662.5 billion (2015 estimate).
Another important indicator is the rate of GDP growth, which in Switzerland is 1% (2016 estimate) 0.8% (2015 estimate) 1.9% (2014 estimate).
These statistics are affecting the world economy; remember in 2015, the Chinese real GDP growth rate was worse than expected; The world markets fall, and the Chinese stock exchange was temporally suspended.
A further major factor of a country’s economy, the GDP per capita. In Switzerland this is $59,400 (2016 estimate) $59,400 (2015 estimate) $59,600 (2014 estimate).
In the economy, the Trinity is in common places, such as agriculture, industry, and services.
What are the agricultural products Switzerland produces?
The main agricultural products of Switzerland are grains, fruits, vegetables; meat, eggs.
Regarding the economy, the essential segments are machinery, chemicals, watches, textiles, precision instruments, tourism, banking, insurance. The crucial and regularly mentioned GDP is based on machinery, chemicals, watches, textiles, precision instruments, tourism, banking, insurance.
Drinking water source in Switzerland
It is essential to mention that – thanks to the development of the infrastructure -, the rate of potable water improved: urban: 100% of the population, rural: 100% of the population, total: 100% of the population. Unimproved: urban: 0% of the population, rural: 0% of the population, total: 0% of the population (2015 estimate).
The average number of childbirth in Switzerland
In Switzerland, the average delivery number is 1.55 children born / woman (2016 estimate).
Population, median age, migration, and citizenship in Switzerland
The average age of the population is 42.2 years; male: 41.3 years, female: 43.2 years (2016 estimate). The age of adulthood varies in every country of the world in Switzerland, it is 18 years of age, universal.
When we are experiencing an unprecedented scale of migration and globalization, it is an important factor in the number of new immigrants. In Switzerland is 4.7 migrant(s) / 1,000 population (2016 estimate). It is important to know, how to apply for citizenship: citizenship by birth: no. Citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Switzerland. Dual citizenship recognized: yes, the residency requirement for naturalization: 12 years including at least 3 of the last 5 years prior to application.
Is Switzerland a safe destination? Healthcare services and infectious diseases in Switzerland
Many of the travelers are looking into the healthcare services and infectious diseases of their destinations. In Switzerland, the hospital beds’ density is 5 beds / 1,000 population (2011).
According to the WHO rating regarding contagious diseases in Switzerland the N/A.
However, HIV is not curable but maintainable. Let’s do not forget when the disease surfaced; it was a world threatening condition. Unfortunately, in some countries, it is still very high the number of infected patients and fatalities due to the disease.
In Switzerland the number of HIV/AIDS deaths: N/A.
Regarding tourism obesity, not an important issue, but we have to mention health statistics, as it is the plague of the 20th and the 21st century. The rate of obese adults in Switzerland is 21% (2014).
What are the natural hazards in Switzerland? Is there any?
The most known natural risk in Switzerland are avalanches, landslides; flash floods.
More interesting facts about Switzerland
A few words about the past, as every country and society, is connected to its history; The Swiss Confederation was founded in 1291 as a defensive alliance among three cantons. In succeeding years, other localities joined the original three. The Swiss Confederation secured its independence from the Holy Roman Empire in 1499. A constitution of 1848, subsequently modified in 1874, replaced the confederation with a centralized federal government. Switzerland’s sovereignty and neutrality have long been honored by the major European powers, and the country was not involved in either of the two world wars. The political and economic integration of Europe over the past half century, as well as Switzerland’s role in many UN and international organizations, has strengthened Switzerland’s ties with its neighbors. However, the country did not officially become a UN member until 2002. Switzerland remains active in many UN and international organizations but retains a strong commitment to neutrality.
In every nation’s memory, some cornerstones placed the country on the timeline of history. The date of declaration of independence of Switzerland: 1 August 1291 (founding of the Swiss Confederation).
The flag and other symbols of Switzerland
The colors, symbols, and animals on the flag usually have a historical background or an important milestone or memory of the nation.
This case is not an exception either, red square with a bold, equilateral white cross in the center that does not extend to the edges of the flag; various medieval legends purport to describe the origin of the flag; a white cross used as identification for troops of the Swiss Confederation is first attested at the Battle of Laupen (1339).
Apart from the flag, the symbol of national unity is the national anthem. The anthem’s primary purpose is to share the nation’s core values, endeavors, and patriotic feelings.
National symbols of Switzerland: Swiss cross (white cross on red field, arms equal length); national colors: red, white.
Constitution of Switzerland
The existence of the nation is based on the constitution. Some constitutions knew worldwide, like the U.S. Constitution that was accepted on the 17th of September 1787, in Philadelphia, the Constitution of the United States of America.
It is not related to the declaration of independence that was stolen by Nicolas Cage in the movie National Treasure 🙂
What is the legal system of Switzerland?
Most of the time, the legal system of a country is the focus of lawyers. It is a common fact that there are two main approaches in the world, “the law in books” and “the law in action.”
In the Anglo-Saxon world, the practice is the “law in action,” while in the rest of the world where the law is based on Roman law, the “law in books.”
The legal system of Switzerland is a civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts, except for federal decrees of a general obligatory character.
It was Aristotle who founded the Theory of 3 separations of powers. In his view, these are the council of public affairs, the magistrates, and the justice system. The age of enlightenment was the time when terminologies have defined the way we still use them. In most democratic countries, the three authorities separated from each other. In dictatorships, the rules usually interweaved in one hand.
About the legislative branch of Switzerland, we can highlight the following structures bicameral Federal Assembly or Bundesversammlung – in German, Assemblee Federale – in French, Assemblea Federale – in Italian consists of the Council of States or Staenderat – in German, Conseil des Etats – in French, Consiglio degli Stati – in Italian (46 seats; members in multi-seat constituencies representing cantons and single-seat constituencies representing half cantons directly elected by simple majority vote; members serve 4-year terms) and the National Council or Nationalrat – in German, Conseil National – in French, Consiglio Nazionale – in Italian (200 seats; 195 members in cantons directly elected by proportional representation vote and 5 in half cantons directly elected by simple majority vote; members serve 4-year terms)elections: Council of States – last held in most cantons on 18 October 2015 (each canton determines when the next election will be held); National Council – last held on 18 October 2015 (next to be held in October 2019)election results: Council of States – percent of vote by party – NA; seats by party (as of 18 October 2015) – Christian Democratic People’s Party 13, FDP.The Liberals 13, SDP 12, Swiss People’s Party 6, other 2; National Council – percent of vote by party – SVP 29.4%, SPS 18.8%, FDP 16.4%, CVP 11.6%, Green Party 7.1%, GLP 4.6%, BDP 4.1%, other 8.0%; seats by party – SVP 65, SPS 43, FDP 33, CVP 27, Green Party 11, GLP 7, BDP 7, other 7.
About the unemployment rate, labor force, and poverty line in Switzerland
One of the major problems of the 21st-century economy is unemployment. Governments are struggling to maintain a low level of the unemployment rate. Still, as a result of automation, the cheap 3rd world labor, and the outsourcing of workflow, these attempts fail. In Switzerland the labor force is 5.173 million (2016 estimate). Please bear in mind that the population in Switzerland is total: 3.6 deaths / 1,000 live births; male: 4 deaths / 1,000 live births, female: 3.3 deaths / 1,000 live births (2016 estimate) – as we already mentioned above.
The rate of unemployment in Switzerland is 3.4% (2016 estimate).
Widely known that the gap between the rich and poor is widening on an enormous scale.
According to the 2017 shocking Oxfam report, the most affluent eight people’s fortune is equal to the wealth of the poorest half of the world’s population.
In Switzerland, the households’ income and consumption compared to the entire population: lowest 10%: 7.5% highest 10%: 19% (2007).
Another widely used indicator is the so-called GINI index, which measures the inequalities of statistical dispersion, but is mainly used for measuring the sharing of income and fortune.
The GINI index was named after its founder Corrado Gini, an Italian economist. Gini index has grades between 0-1, but often it is used on a percentage basis. It is 0 if the examined criteria territorial distribution is equal. It is one of the criteria concentrated on the territory. In Switzerland, the GINI index is .28,7 (2012 estimate).
The states usually set up a poverty line, which is more or less, is a subjective measure. It varies by country; its base is often the minimum pension, the incomes of the most deficient 20 percent, the X percent of income per capita Etc.
In Switzerland, the poverty line people are the lowest 10%: 7.5% highest 10%: 19% (2007).
About the budget and central governments debt of Switzerland
The available budget mainly defines the state’s economy. The budget of Switzerland is; revenues: $215.9 billion, expenditures: $213.4 billion. Note: includes federal, cantonal, and municipal budgets (2016 estimate). Taxes and other revenues are 32.6% of GDP (2016 estimate).
The budget deficit (Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)) is N/A.
The fiscal year in Switzerland is the calendar year.
In the country’s economy, we have to consider the public debt. Public debt is the consolidated sum of the state’s local, federal, and central government debt.
Inflation rate and prime lending rate in Switzerland
A few further interesting and relevant economic data are the following; Inflation rate: -0.4% (2016 estimate), -1.1% (2015 estimate), and the rate of the Commercial bank prime lending rate: 2.6% (31 December 2016 estimate).
Export/import partners and data of Switzerland
Switzerland, with the export of products, industrial tools, and other services, generates revenue. The export value in Switzerland is: $301.1 billion (2016 estimate), $303.5 billion (2015 estimate). The total revenue of these activities: machinery, chemicals, metals, watches, agricultural products.
The most important imported products are machinery, chemicals, vehicles, metals; agricultural products, textiles, and the countries from where the import is coming: Germany 20.7%, UK 12.8%, US 8.1%, Italy 7.8%, France 6.7%, China 5.1% (2015).
Renewable energies used in Switzerland
To suppress the pollution of the environment, renewable energies have to replace the fossil energy. The more the proportion of renewable energies in a country means more effort against pollution. Switzerland, the indicator of how much of the country’s produced energy is coming from the hydroelectric source, is 67.8% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
To indicate how much another renewable energy produced is 4.6% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
Telecommunication data of Switzerland, calling code
To maintain the economy, the development of a reliable and modern telecommunications infrastructure is crucial. We can say the following about Switzerland; highly developed telecommunications infrastructure with excellent domestic and international services domestic: ranked among leading countries for fixed-line teledensity and infrastructure; mobile-cellular subscribership roughly 145 per 100 persons; extensive cable and microwave radio relay networksinternational: country code – 41; satellite earth stations – 2 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean and Indian Ocean) (2015).
Transport infrastructure in Switzerland
In the 21st century, we often say that the world has become small and there are no distances anymore. With widespread air travel when (sometimes) there are no visa restrictions, it is easy to reach other countries, but if the distance is not too long, we can also use railway or water transportation.
The number of airports in Switzerland: 63 (2013), and the number of heliports: 2 (2013).
The total length of the roadways in Switzerland: total: 71,464 km, paved: 71,464 km (includes 1,415 of expressways) (2011).
The total length of the waterways in Switzerland: 1,292 km (there are 1,227 km of waterways on lakes and rivers for public transport and 65 km on the Rhine River between Basel-Rheinfelden and Schaffhausen-Bodensee for commercial goods transport) (2010).
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Facts & data about Switzerland
Name of the country: conventional long way: Swiss Confederation, traditional short form: Switzerland, local long form: Schweizerische Eidgenossenschaft (German); Confederation Suisse (French); Confederazione Svizzera (Italian); Confederaziun Svizra (Romansh), local short state: Schweiz (German); Suisse (French); Svizzera (Italian); Svizra (Romansh), etymology: name derives from the canton of Schwyz, one of the founding cantons of the Old Swiss Confederacy that formed in the 14th century.
|Abbreviation: Switzerland||Geographic coordinates:|
47 00 N, 8 00 E
|Country location: Europe|
|Capital of Switzerland: Bern||GPS of the Capital:|
46 55 N 7 28 E
|Position: Central Europe, east of France, north of Italy|
|Land area: total: 41,277 sq km; land: 39,997 sq km, water: 1,280 sq km||Terrain: mostly mountains (Alps in south, Jura in northwest) with a central plateau of rolling hills, plains, and large lakes||Area comparative: slightly less than twice the size of New Jersey|
|Population: 8,179,294 (July 2016 estimate)||Population grow rate: 0.7% (2016 estimate)||Sex ratio: at birth: 1.06 male(s) / female, 0-14 years: 1.06 male(s) / female, 15-24 years: 1.04 male(s) / female, 25-54 years: 1.01 male(s) / female, 55-64 years: 1 male(s) / female, 65 years and over: 0.78 male(s) / female, total population: 0.97 male(s) / female (2016 estimate)|
|Exports: $301.1 billion (2016 estimate), $303.5 billion (2015 estimate)||Imports: $243.4 billion (2016 estimate), $247.7 billion (2015 estimate)||Import partners: Germany 20.7%, UK 12.8%, US 8.1%, Italy 7.8%, France 6.7%, China 5.1% (2015)|
|Urbanization: urban population: 73.9% of the total population (2015)||Major urban area(s): Zurich 1.246 million; BERN (capital) 358,000 (2015)||Median age: total: 42.2 years; male: 41.3 years, female: 43.2 years (2016 estimate)|
|Internet users: total: 7.145 million. Percent of the population: 88% (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (fixed lines): total subscriptions: 4.14 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 51 (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (mobile, cellular): total: 11.7 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 144 (July 2015 estimate)|
|Unemployment rate: 3.4% (2016 estimate)||Nationality: Swiss (singular and plural) adjective: Swiss||National holidays: Founding of the Swiss Confederation in 1291|
|Life expectancy at birth: total population: 82.6 years. Male: 80.3 years, female: 85 years (2016 estimate)||Total fertility rate: 1.55 children born / woman (2016 estimate)||Birthrate: 10.5 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate)|
|Literacy: N/A||Legal system: civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts, except for federal decrees of a general obligatory character||Suffrage: 18 years of age, universal|
|Industries: machinery, chemicals, watches, textiles, precision instruments, tourism, banking, insurance||Industrial production growth rate: 2.1% (2016 estimate)||GDP real growth rate: 1% (2016 estimate) 0.8% (2015 estimate) 1.9% (2014 estimate)|
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