Google maps and detailed facts of Albania (AL). This page lets you explore Albania and its border countries (Country Location: Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea and the Ionian Sea, between Greece to the south and Montenegro and Kosovo to the north) through detailed Satellite imagery – fast and easy as never before Google maps.
Find comprehensive information below about this country in its diversity: Google maps, geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government, and history – All in One Wiki page.
There is also Street View and free Driving Directions at your service. Your Google Satellite Map Sightseeing in Albania, in Europe, starts here at Driving Directions and Maps.com.
Albania Google Maps & Satellite Maps
Lying at the southeastern end of the Adriatic Sea, Albania was the last east European country to liberalize its economy. The regional strife of the 1990s has left a difficult legacy. Narrow coastal plain. The Interior is mostly hills and mountains. Forest and scrub cover over 40% of the land.
The map below shows Albania with its cities, towns, highways, main roads, streets, and Street Views. To find a location, use the form below, type any city or place, view just a simple map, and click on the “show map” button.
The Google map above shows Albania with its location: Europe (geographic coordinates: 41 00 N, 20 00 E) and the international borders of Albania; total: 691 km. Border countries (total: 4): Greece 212 km, Kosovo 112 km, Macedonia 181 km, Montenegro 186 km; furthermore, its inland boundaries.
Hint: Look at the Street view in Albania or Europe. All you have to do is drag and pull the little yellow man (named: Pegman) on the Google map above the desired location. After that, whenever it is available (in more than 50 countries globally), blue stripes will appear to show the photos and details from Google’s regularly updated data image base. If you have signed in to your Google account currently, you may have a look at the satellite map of this country/area as well.
The map of Albania, Europe, is for informational use only. No representation is made or warrantied given any map or its content by Driving Directions and Maps site. The user assumes all risks of using this Albania Google map and facts/wiki.
About Albania in detail
|Borderline of Albania||Location map of Albania||Flag of Albania|
Where is Albania?
In case Albania is looking on the map under the Coordinates 41 19 N 19 49 E otherwise in Europe, in southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea and the Ionian Sea, Greece to the south and Montenegro and Kosovo to the north.
What is the capital city of Albania?
The capital city of Albania is Tirana.
What is the time in Tirana?
It is 6 hours ahead of Washington, D.C. during Standard Time; the timezone of Tirana is UTC+1.
What is the Internet code for Albania?
The Top Level Domain (TLD) for Albania is: .al
What is the size of Albania?
The territory of Albania is total: 28,748 sq km; land: 27,398 sq km, water: 1,350 sq km.
If we want to describe the size of the territory of Albania is somewhat smaller than Maryland.
If we would like to walk around and discover Albania, we can cover a total distance: 691 km.
What is the water coverage of Albania?
We have already mentioned what percentage of Albania is covered by water (see below), including a 362 km coastline.
What is the climate like in Albania?
Albania’s climate is mild temperate: cool, cloudy, wet winters: hot, clear, dry summers: the interior is more relaxed and wetter.
Geographical data of Albania
Albania’s elevation; mean elevation: 708 m, elevation extremes; lowest point: the Adriatic Sea 0 m, highest point: Maja e Korabit (Golem Korab) 2,764 m.
The specific geographical details of Albania include mostly mountains and hills; small plains along the coast.
Suppose we would like to describe the countries location from a different perspective. In that case, it is safe to say and easy to read from a map, Albania is a strategic location along the Strait of Otranto (links Adriatic Sea to the Ionian Sea and the Mediterranean Sea).
Resources and land use of Albania
The country’s main mined products are petroleum, natural gas, coal, bauxite, chromite, copper, iron ore, nickel, salt, timber, hydropower, arable land. The population partly uses the earlier highlighted land territory and partly left in its natural state: agricultural land: 43.8%; arable land 22.7%; permanent crops 2.7%; permanent pasture 18.4%; forest: 28.3%; other: 27.9% (2011 estimate).
Population data of Albania
The number of inhabitants of Albania is 3,038,594 (July 2016 estimate).
Let’s examine the proportion of the population distribution. It is safe to say that a fairly even distribution, with somewhat higher concentrations of people in the country’s western and central parts.
If we look at the proportion of the urbanized and barely populated areas, these are the urban population: 57.4% of the total population (2015).
Most of the population in Albania is concentrated in TIRANA (capital) 454,000 (2015).
Ethnicity in Albania
According to ethnicity details, the ethnic groups are Albanian 82.6%, Greek 0.9%, other 1% (including Vlach, Roma (Gypsy), Macedonian, Montenegrin, and Egyptian) unspecified 15.5% (2011 estimate).
Spoken languages in Albania
The spoken languages in Albania are the following: Albanian 98.8% (official language – derived from Tosk dialect), Greek 0.5%, other 0.6% (including Macedonian, Roma, Vlach, Turkish, Italian, and Serbo-Croatian), unspecified 0.1% (2011 estimate).
What are the most important religions in Albania?
During the general census, researchers examine the churches, according to this: Muslim 56.7%, Roman Catholic 10%, Orthodox 6.8%, atheist 2.5%, Bektashi (a Sufi order) 2.1%, other 5.7%, unspecified 16.2%note: all mosques and churches were closed in 1967 and religious observances prohibited; in November 1990, Albania began allowing private religious practice (2011 estimate).
Further population data of Albania
The proportion of gender and age tells a lot about the society as follows 0-14 years: 18.37% (male 295,022 / female 263,141) 15-24 years: 18.09% (male 284,201 / female 265,530) 25-54 years: 40.73% (male 589,707 / female 648,021) 55-64 years: 11.23% (male 168,500 / female 172,587) 65 years and over: 11.58% (male 165,076 / female 186,809) (2016 estimate). It also a significant factor in a society the population growth rate, which in the case of Albania is 0.31% (2016 estimate).
The population growth rate is based on two elements, birth and the death rate. In Albania the birth rate is 13.1 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate), the death rate 6.7 deaths / 1,000 population (2016 estimate).
In this day and age in developed societies, the first child borns later compared to the previous centuries and decades, so childbearing is extended. In Albania, the average age of mothers at the first childbirth is N/A.
Although the children’s birth is postponed in the best-case scenario, the parents can still see their kids grow as life expectancy also extended. In the case of Albania, these figures are. With the introduction of modern medicine, vaccinations, and proper hygienic conditions, the infant mortality rate is in a steep decline. The infant mortality statistics in Albania are the following: N/A. Relevant data is the budget of healthcare, which is 5.9% of GDP (2014).
Economic data of Albania
Suppose we would like to describe a country. We also have to mention its economy; Albania, a formerly closed, centrally-planned state, is a developing country with a modern open-market economy. Albania managed to weather the first waves of the global financial crisis but, more recently, the negative effects of the crisis have caused remittances, a significant catalyst for economic growth, decline from 12-15% of GDP before the 2008 financial crisis to 5.7% of GDP in 2014, mostly from Albanians residing in Greece and Italy. The agricultural sector, which accounts for almost half of Albania’s electricity supply, is uneven despite upgraded transmission capacities. Technical and non-technical losses in electricity – including theft and non-payment – continue to undermine the entire FDI’s financial viability have increased significantly in recent years as the government has embarked on an ambitious program to improve the business climate through fiscal and legislative reforms. The government is focused on the simplification of licensing requirements.
GDP is a prominent figure, as all the relevant calculations and statistics are based on it. GDP in Albania is $12.14 billion (2015 estimate).
Another important indicator is the rate of GDP growth, which in Albania is 3.4% (2016 estimate), 2.8% (2015 estimate) 1.8% (2014 estimate).
These statistics affect the world economy; remember, in 2015, the Chinese real GDP growth rate was worse than expected; The world markets fall, and the Chinese stock exchange is temporally suspended.
A further major factor of a country’s economy, the GDP per capita. In Albania this is $11,900 (2016 estimate) $11,500 (2015 estimate) $11,100 (2014 estimate).
The Trinity is in common places in the economy, such as agriculture, industry, and services.
What are the agricultural products Albania produces?
Albania’s main agricultural products are wheat, corn, potatoes, vegetables, fruits, sugar beets, grapes, meat, dairy products, sheep.
The essential segments are food and tobacco products, textiles and clothing, lumber, oil, cement, chemicals, mining, basic metals, hydropower. The crucial and regularly mentioned GDP is based on food and tobacco products, textiles and clothing, lumber, oil, cement, chemicals, mining, basic metals, hydropower.
Drinking water source in Albania
It is essential to mention that – thanks to the development of the infrastructure -, the rate of potable water improved: urban: 84.3% of the population, rural: 81.8% of the people, total: 83.6% of the population. Unimproved: urban: 15.7% of the population, rural: 18.2% of the population, total: 16.4% (2015 estimate).
The average number of childbirth in Albania
In Albania, the average delivery number is 1.51 children born / woman (2016 estimate).
Population, median age, migration, and citizenship in Albania
The population’s average age is 32.5 years; male: 31.2 years, female: 33.8 years (2016 estimate). The age of adulthood varies in every country of the world. In Albania, it is 18 years of age, universal.
When we are experiencing an unprecedented scale of migration and globalization, it is an important factor in the number of new immigrants. In Albania is -3.3 migrant(s) / 1,000 population (2016 estimate). It is important to know how to apply for citizenship: citizenship by birth: no. Citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Albania. Dual citizenship recognized: yes, the residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years.
Is Albania a safe destination? Healthcare services and infectious diseases in Albania
Many of the travelers are looking into the healthcare services and infectious diseases of their destinations. In Albania, the hospital beds’ density is 2.6 beds / 1,000 population (2012).
According to the WHO rating regarding contagious diseases in Albania, N/A.
However, HIV is not curable but maintainable. Let’s do not forget when the disease surfaced, it was a world-threatening condition. Unfortunately, in some countries, it is still very high the number of infected patients and fatalities due to the disease.
In Albania, the number of HIV/AIDS deaths: N/A.
Regarding tourism obesity, not an important issue, but we have to mention health statistics, as it is the plague of the 20th and the 21st century. The rate of obese adults in Albania is 18.1% (2014).
What are the natural hazards in Albania? Is there any?
Albania’s most known natural risks are destructive earthquakes, tsunamis that occur along the southwestern coast, floods, drought.
More interesting facts about Albania
A few words about the past, as every country and society, are connected to its history; Albania declared its independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1912 and was conquered by Italy in 1939 and occupied by Germany in 1943. Communist partisans took over the country in 1944. Albania allied itself first with the USSR (until 1960) and then with China (1978). In the early 1990s, Albania ended 46 years of xenophobic communist rule and established a multiparty democracy. The transition has proven challenging as successive governments have tried to deal with high unemployment, widespread corruption, dilapidated infrastructure, powerful organized crime networks, and combative political opponents.
Albania has progressed in its democratic development since first holding multiparty elections in 1991, but deficiencies remain. Claims of electoral fraud marred most of Albania’s post-communist elections; however, international observers judged elections to be mostly free and fair since the restoration of political stability following pyramid schemes’ collapse in 1997. Albania joined NATO in April 2009 and, in June 2014, became a candidate for EU accession. In November 2016, Albania received a European Commission recommendation to open EU accession negotiations conditioned upon implementing a judicial reform package passed the same year. Although Albania’s economy continues to grow, it has slowed, and the country is still one of the poorest in Europe. A large informal economy and inadequate energy and transportation infrastructure remain obstacles.
In every nation’s memory, some cornerstones placed the country on the timeline of history. The date of declaration of independence of Albania: 28 November 1912 (from the Ottoman Empire).
The flag and other symbols of Albania
The colors, symbols, and animals on the flag usually have a historical background or an important milestone or memory of the nation.
This case is not an exception either; red with a black two-headed eagle in the center; the design is claimed to be that of 15th-century hero George Kastrioti SKANDERBEG, who led a successful uprising against the Ottoman Turks that resulted in short-lived independence for some Albanian regions (1443-78); an unsupported explanation for the eagle symbol is the tradition that Albanians see themselves as descendants of the eagle; they refer to themselves as “Shqiptare,” which translates as “sons of the eagle.”
Apart from the flag, the symbol of national unity is the national anthem. The anthem’s primary purpose is to share the nation’s core values, endeavors, and patriotic feelings.
National symbols of Albania: double-headed eagle; national colors: red, black.
Constitution of Albania
The existence of the nation is based on the constitution. Some constitutions knew worldwide, as the U.S. Constitution accepted on the 17th of September 1787, in Philadelphia, the United States of America’s Constitution.
It is not related to the declaration of independence that Nicolas Cage stole in the movie National Treasure 🙂
What is the legal system of Albania?
Most of the time, the legal system of a country is the focus of lawyers. It is a common fact that there are two main approaches in the world, “the law in books” and “the law in action.”
In the Anglo-Saxon world, the practice is the “law in action,” while in the rest of the world, the law is based on Roman law, the “law in books.”
Albania’s legal system is a civil law system except in the northern rural areas where customary law, known as the “Code of Leke,” prevails.
It was Aristotle who founded the Theory of 3 separations of powers. In his view, these are the council of public affairs, the magistrates, and the justice system. The age of enlightenment was the time when terminologies have defined the way we still use them. In most democratic countries, the three authorities separated from each other. In dictatorships, the rules usually interweaved in one hand.
Regarding Albania’s legislative branch, we can highlight the following structures unicameral Assembly or Kuvendi (140 seats; members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by proportional representation vote to serve 4-year terms).
About the unemployment rate, labor force, and poverty line in Albania
One of the major problems of the 21st-century economy is unemployment. Governments are struggling to maintain a low level of unemployment rate. Still, due to automation, the cheap 3rd world labor, and the outsourcing of workflow, these attempts fail. In Albania, the labor force is 1.179 million (2016 estimate). Please bear in mind that the population in Albania is total: 12.3 deaths / 1,000 live births; male: 13.7 deaths / 1,000 live births, female: 10.8 deaths / 1,000 live births (2016 estimate) – as we already mentioned above.
The rate of unemployment in Albania is 17.3% (2015 estimate).
Widely known that the gap between the rich and poor is widening on an enormous scale.
According to the 2017 shocking Oxfam report, the most affluent eight people’s fortune is equal to the wealth of the poorest half of the world’s population.
In Albania, the households’ income and consumption compared to the entire population: lowest 10%: 4.1% highest 10%: 20.5% (2012).
Another widely used indicator is the so-called GINI index, which measures the inequalities of statistical dispersion, but is mainly used for measuring the sharing of income and fortune.
The GINI index was named after its founder Corrado Gini, an Italian economist. Gini index has grades between 0-1, but often it is used on a percentage basis. It is 0 if the examined criteria territorial distribution is equal. It is one of the criteria concentrated on the territory. In Albania, the GINI index is .29 (2012 estimate).
The states usually set up a poverty line, which is more or less, is a subjective measure. It varies by country; its base is often the minimum pension, the most deficient 20 percent, the X percent of income per capita, etc.
In Albania, the poverty line people are the lowest 10%: 4.1% highest 10%: 20.5% (2012).
About the budget and central governments debt of Albania
The available budget mainly defines the state’s economy. Albania’s budget is; revenues: $3.203 billion, expenditures: $3.546 billion (2016 estimate). Taxes and other revenues are 26.4% of GDP (2016 estimate).
The budget deficit (Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)) is N/A.
The fiscal year in Albania is the calendar year.
In the country’s economy, we have to consider the public debt. Public debt is the consolidated sum of the state’s local, federal, and central government debt.
Inflation rate and prime lending rate in Albania
A few further interesting and relevant economic data are the following; Inflation rate: 1.2% (2016 estimate), 1.9% (2015 estimate), and the rate of the Commercial bank prime lending rate: 9.1% (31 December 2016 estimate).
Export/import partners and data of Albania
Albania, with the export of products, industrial tools, and other services, generates revenue. The export value in Albania is: $810.5 million (2016 estimate), $854.7 million (2015 estimate). The total revenue of these activities: textiles, footwear; asphalt, metals and metallic ores, crude oil; vegetables, fruits, tobacco.
Albania’s most important export partners are Italy 43.4%, Kosovo 9.8%, US 7.7%, China 6.2%, Greece 5.3%, Spain 4.8% (2015).
The most important imported products are machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, textiles, chemicals, and the countries from where the import is coming: Italy 33.5%, China 10.1%, Greece 9%, Turkey 6.7%, Germany 5.2% (2015).
Renewable energies used in Albania
To suppress the pollution of the environment, renewable energies have to replace fossil energy. The more the proportion of renewable energies in a country means more effort against the pollution. Albania, the indicator of how much of the country’s produced energy is coming from the hydroelectric source, is 94.8% of total installed capacity (2013 estimate).
To indicate how much another renewable energy produced is 0% of total installed capacity (2013 estimate).
Telecommunication data of Albania, calling code
To maintain the economy, the development of a reliable and modern telecommunications infrastructure is crucial. We can say the following about Albania; despite new investment in fixed-lines, teledensity remains low with roughly ten fixed-lines per 100 people; mobile-cellular telephone use is widespread and generally effective. Domestic: To offset the shortage of fixed-line capacity, mobile-cellular phone service has been available since 1996; by 2011, multiple companies provided mobile services, and mobile teledensity had reached 100 per 100 persons; Internet broadband services. International: country code – 355; submarine cable provides connectivity to Italy, Croatia, and Greece; the Trans-Balkan Line, a combination submarine cable and fiber-optic land system, provides additional connectivity to Bulgaria, Macedonia, and Turkey (2015).
Transport infrastructure in Albania
In the 21st century, we often say that the world has become small and there are no distances anymore. With widespread air travel when (sometimes) there are no visa restrictions, it is easy to reach other countries, but if the distance is not too long, we can also use railway or water transportation.
The number of airports in Albania: 4 (2016), and the number of heliports: 1 (2013).
Albania’s total length of the roadways: total: 18,000 km, paved: 7,020 km, unpaved: 10,980 km (2002).
Albania’s total length of the waterways is 41 km (on the Bojana River) (2011).
Facts & data about Albania
Name of the country: conventional long way: the Republic of Albania, traditional short form: Albania, local long form: Republika e Shqiperise, local short state: Shqiperia, former: People’s Socialist Republic of Albania, etymology: the English-language country name seems to be derived from the ancient Illyrian tribe of the Albani; the native name “Shqiperia” is popularly interpreted to mean “Land of the eagles.”
|Abbreviation: Albania||Geographic coordinates:|
41 00 N, 20 00 E
|Country Location: Europe|
|Capital of Albania: Tirana||GPS of the Capital:|
41 19 N 19 49 E
|Position: Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea and the Ionian Sea, between Greece to the south and Montenegro and Kosovo to the north|
|Land area: total: 28,748 sq km; land: 27,398 sq km, water: 1,350 sq km||Terrain: mostly mountains and hills; small plains along coast||Area comparative: somewhat smaller than Maryland|
|Population: 3,038,594 (July 2016 estimate)||Population grow rate: 0.31% (2016 estimate)||Sex ratio: at birth: 1.1 male(s) / female, 0-14 years: 1.12 male(s) / female, 15-24 years: 1.07 male(s) / female, 25-54 years: 0.91 male(s) / female, 55-64 years: 0.98 male(s) / female, 65 years and over: 0.89 male(s) / female, total population: 0.98 male(s) / female (2016 estimate)|
|Exports: $810.5 million (2016 estimate), $854.7 million (2015 estimate)||Imports: $3.613 billion (2016 estimate), $3.402 billion (2015 estimate)||Import partners: Italy 33.5%, China 10.1%, Greece 9%, Turkey 6.7%, Germany 5.2% (2015)|
|Urbanization: urban population: 57.4% of the total population (2015)||Major urban area(s): TIRANA (capital) 454,000 (2015)||Median age: total: 32.5 years; male: 31.2 years, female: 33.8 years (2016 estimate)|
|Internet users: total: 1.916 million. Percent of the population: 63.2% (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (fixed-lines): total subscriptions: 226,718. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 7 (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (mobile, cellular): total: 3.401 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 112 (July 2015 estimate)|
|Unemployment rate: 17.3% (2015 estimate)||Nationality: Albanian(s) adjective: Albanian||National holidays: Independence Day, 28 November (1912), also known as Flag Day|
|Life expectancy at birth: total population: 78.3 years. Male: 75.7 years, female: 81.2 years (2016 estimate)||Total fertility rate: 1.51 children born / woman (2016 estimate)||Birthrate: 13.1 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate)|
|Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write. Total population: 97.6%; male: 98.4%, female: 96.9% (2015 estimate)||Legal system: civil law system except in the northern rural areas where customary law is known as the “Code of Leke” prevails||Suffrage: 18 years of age, universal|
|Industries: food and tobacco products; textiles and clothing; lumber, oil, cement, chemicals, mining, basic metals, hydropower||Industrial production growth rate: 2.9% (2016 estimate)||GDP real growth rate: 3.4% (2016 estimate) 2.8% (2015 estimate) 1.8% (2014 estimate)|
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