|Borderline map of Latvia||Location map of Latvia||Flag of Latvia|
Google maps and detailed facts of Latvia, (LV). This page enables you to explore Latvia and its border countries (Location: Eastern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, between Estonia and Lithuania) through detailed Satellite imagery - fast and easy as never before Google maps.
Find comprehensive information below about this country in its diversity: geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government, and history - All in One Wiki page!
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Latvia Google Map
The map below shows Latvia with its cities, towns, highways, main roads, streets and also providing Street Views. To find a location use the form below, type any city or place and to view, just a simple map click on the "Show Map" button.
The Google map above is showing Latvia with its location: Europe, (geographic coordinates: 57 00 N, 25 00 E) and the international borders of Latvia; total: 1,370 km. Border countries (total: 4): Belarus 161 km, Estonia 333 km, Lithuania 544 km, Russia 332 km furthermore its inland counties boundaries.
Hint: Have a look at the Street view in Latvia, or Europe. All you have to do is to drag and pull the little yellow man (named: Pegman) on the Google map above the desired location. After that whenever it is available (more than 50 countries in the world), blue stripes will appear to show the photos and details from Google’s regularly updated data image base.
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About Latvia in detail
Where is Latvia?
Latvia, in case if you are looking on the map under the Coordinates 56 57 N 24 06 E otherwise in Europe, in Eastern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, between Estonia and Lithuania.
What is the capital of Latvia?
The capital city of Latvia is: Riga.
What is the time in Riga?
It is 7 hours ahead of Washington DC during Standard Time, the timezone of Riga is: UTC+2.
What is the Internet code for Latvia?
The Top Level Domain (TLD) for Latvia is: .lv
What is the size of Latvia?
The territory of Latvia is total: 64,589 sq km; land: 62,249 sq km, water: 2,340 sq km.
If we want to describe the size of the territory of Latvia is slightly larger than West Virginia.
If we would like to walk around and discover Latvia, we can do that by covering the distance of total: 1,370 km.
What is the water coverage of Latvia?
We have mentioned already on this website, that what percentage of Latvia is covered by water (see below), and this includes 498 km coastline.
What is the climate like in Latvia?
The climate of Latvia is maritime: wet, moderate winters.
Geographical data of Latvia
The elevation of Latvia; mean elevation: 87 m, elevation extremes; lowest point: Baltic Sea 0 m, highest point: Gaizina Kalns 312 m.
The typical geographical details of Latvia include low plain.
If we would like to describe the countries location from a different point of view, it is safe to say, and easy to read from a map, Latvia is most of the country is composed of fertile low-lying plains with some hills in the east.
Resources and land use of Latvia
The country’s main mined products are peat, limestone, dolomite, amber, hydropower, timber, arable land. The population partly uses the earlier highlighted land territory and partly left in its natural state: agricultural land: 29.2%; arable land 18.6%; permanent crops 0.1%; permanent pasture 10.5%; forest: 54.1%; other: 16.7% (2011 estimate).
Population data of Latvia
The number of inhabitants of Latvia is 1,965,686 (July 2016 estimate).
If we examine the proportion of population distribution, it is safe to say that largest concentration of people is found in and around the port and capital city of Riga; small agglomerations are scattered throughout the country.
If we are looking at the proportion of the urbanized and barely populated areas, these are the figures: urban population: 67.4% of total population (2015).
Most of the population in Latvia is concentrated in RIGA (capital) 621,000 (2015).
Ethnicity in Latvia
According to ethnicity details, the ethnic groups in this country are the following: Latvian 61.1%, Russian 26.2%, Belarusian 3.5%, Ukrainian 2.3%, Polish 2.2%, Lithuanian 1.3%, other 3.4% (2013 estimate).
Spoken languages in Latvia
The spoken languages in Latvia are the following: Latvian (official language) 56.3%, Russian 33.8%, other 0.6% (includes Polish, Ukrainian, and Belarusian), unspecified 9.4%. Note: represents lanugage usually spoken at home (2011 estimate).
What are the most important religions in Latvia?
During the general census, researchers examine the churches, according to this: Lutheran 19.6%, Orthodox 15.3%, other Christian 1%, other 0.4%, unspecified 63.7% (2006).
Further population data of Latvia
The proportion of gender and age tells a lot about the society as follows 0-14 years: 15.01% (male 151,290 / female 143,710) 15-24 years: 9.9% (male 100,416 / female 94,244) 25-54 years: 42.07% (male 409,921 / female 417,074) 55-64 years: 13.77% (male 119,844 / female 150,860) 65 years and over: 19.25% (male 123,467 / female 254,860) (2016 estimate). It also a significant factor in a society the population growth rate, which in the case of Latvia is -1.07% (2016 estimate).
The population growth rate is based on two elements, the birth, and the death rate. In Latvia the birth rate is 9.9 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate), the death rate 14.4 deaths / 1,000 population (2016 estimate).
In this day and age in the developed societies, the first child borns later compared to the previous centuries and decades, so the childbearing is extended. In Latvia the average age of mothers at the first childbirth is .
In the best case scenario despite the fact that the birth of the children is postponed, the parents are still able to see their kids grow as the life expectancy is also extended. In the case of Latvia, these figures are . With the introduction of modern medicine, the vaccinations and the proper hygienic conditions, the infant mortality rate is in a steep decline. The infant mortality statistics in Latvia are the following: . Relevant data is the budget of healthcare, which is in the case of this country is 5.9% of GDP (2014).
Economic data of Latvia
If we would like to describe a country, we also have to mention its economy; Latvia is a small, open economy with exports contributing more than half of GDP. Due to its geographical location, transit services are highly-developed, along with timber and wood-processing, agriculture and food products, and manufacturing of machineryLatvia's economy experienced GDP growth of more than 10% per year during 2006-07, but entered a severe recession in 2008 as a result of an unsustainable current account deficit and large debt exposure amid the softening world economy. Triggered by the colThe IMF, EU, and other international donors provided substantial financial assistance to Latvia as part of an agreement to defend the currency's peg to the euro in exchange for the government's commitment to stringent austerity measures. The IMF/EU progra.
GDP is an important figure as all the relevant calculations and statistics are based on it. GDP in Latvia is $27.95 billion (2015 estimate).
An another important indicator is the rate of the GDP growth, which in Latvia is 2.5% (2016 estimate) 2.7% (2015 estimate) 2% (2014 estimate).
These statistics are affecting the world economy, remember in 2015 when the Chinese real GDP growth rate was worse than expected; The world markets fall, and the Chinese stock exchange was temporally suspended.
A further major factor of a country’s economy, the GDP per capita. In Latvia this is $25,700 (2016 estimate) $25,000 (2015 estimate) $24,100 (2014 estimate).
In the case of the economy, the Trinity is in common places, such as agriculture, industry, and services.
What are the agricultural products Latvia produces?
The main agricultural products of Latvia are grain, rapeseed, potatoes, vegetables; pork, poultry, milk, eggs; fish.
Regarding the economy, the important segments are processed foods, processed wood products, textiles, processed metals, pharmaceuticals, railroad cars, synthetic fibers, electronics. The crucial and regularly mentioned GDP is based on processed foods, processed wood products, textiles, processed metals, pharmaceuticals, railroad cars, synthetic fibers, electronics.
Drinking water source in Latvia
It is important to mention, that - thanks to the development of the infrastructure -, the rate of potable water improved: urban: 99.8% of population, rural: 98.3% of population, total: 99.3% of population. Unimproved: urban: 0.2% of population, rural: 1.7% of population, total: 0.7% of population (2015 estimate).
Average number of childbirth in Latvia
In Latvia the average number of childbirth is 1.51 children born / woman (2016 estimate).
Population, median age, migration, and citizenship in Latvia
The average age of the population is total: 43.3 years; male: 39.5 years, female: 46.6 years (2016 estimate). The age of adulthood varies in every country of the world in Latvia it is 18 years of age, universal.
In this age when we are experiencing an unprecedented scale of migration and globalization, it is an important factor the number of new coming immigrants. In Latvia is -6.2 migrant(s) / 1,000 population (2016 estimate). It is important to know, how to apply for citizenship: citizenship by birth: no. Citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Latvia. Dual citizenship recognized: no. Residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years.
Is Latvia a safe destination? Healthcare services and contagious diseases in Latvia
Many of the travelers are looking into the healthcare services and contagious diseases of their destinations. In Latvia density of the hospital beds is 5.9 beds / 1,000 population (2011).
According to WHO rating regarding contagious diseases in Latvia the degree of risk: intermediatevectorborne diseases: tickborne encephalitis (2016).
However, the HIV is not curable but maintainable. Let’s do not forget when the disease surfaced it was a world threatening condition. Unfortunately, in some countries, it is still very high the number of infected patients and fatalities as a result of the disease.
In Latvia the number of HIV/AIDS deaths: .
Regarding tourism the obesity, not an important issue, but we have to mention among the health statistics, as it is the plague of the 20th and the 21st century. The rate obese adults in Latvia is 25.6% (2014).
What are the natural hazards Latvia? Is there any?
The most known natural risks in Latvia are N/A.
More interesting facts about Latvia
A few words about the past, as every country and society its connected to its history; Several eastern Baltic tribes merged in medieval times to form the ethnic core of the Latvian people (ca. 8th-12th centuries A.D.). The region subsequently came under the control of Germans, Poles, Swedes, and finally, Russians. A Latvian republic emerged following World War I, but it was annexed by the USSR in 1940 - an action never recognized by the US and many other countries. Latvia reestablished its independence in 1991 following the breakup of the Soviet Union. Although the last Russian troops left in 1994, the status of the Russian minority (some 26% of the population) remains of concern to Moscow. Latvia acceded to both NATO and the EU in the spring of 2004; it joined the euro zone in 2014..
In every nation's memory, there are cornerstones that placed the country on the timeline of history. The date of declaration of independence of Latvia: 4 May 1990 (declared); 6 September 1991 (recognized by the Soviet Union).
The flag and other symbols of Latvia
The colors, symbols, and animals on the flag usually have a historical background or related to an important milestone or memory of the nation.
This case is not an exception either, three horizontal bands of maroon (top), white (half-width), and maroon; the flag is one of the older banners in the world; a medieval chronicle mentions a red standard with a white stripe being used by Latvian tribes in about 1280.
Apart from the flag, the symbol of the national unity is the national anthem. The main purpose of the anthem is to share the nation's core values, endeavors, and the patriotic feelings.
National symbols of Latvia: white wagtail (bird); national colors: maroon, white.
Constitution of Latvia
The existence of the nation based on the constitution. Some constitutions knew around the world, like the U.S. Constitution that accepted on 17th of September 1787, in Philadelphia, the Constitution of United States of America.
It is not related to the declaration of independence that was stolen by Nicolas Cage in the movie National Treasure 🙂
What is the legal system of Latvia?
Most of the times the legal system of a country is in the focus of lawyers. It is a common fact that there are two main approaches in the world, “the law in books” and “the law in action.”
In the Anglo-Saxon world, the practice is the “law in action” while in the rest of the world where the law based on Roman law, the “law in books.”
The legal system of Latvia is civil law system with traces of socialist legal traditions and practices.
It was Aristotle, who founded the theory of 3 separations of powers. In his view, these are the council of public affairs, the magistrates, and the justice system. In the age of enlightenment was the time when terminologies have been defined, the way we still use them. In most of the democratic countries, the three authorities are separated from each other. In dictatorships, the authorities are usually interwoven in one hand.
About the legislative branch of Latvia, we can highlight the following structures unicameral Parliament or Saeima (100 seats; members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by proportional representation vote; members serve 4-year terms)elections: last held on 4 October 2014 (next to be held in October 2018)election results: percent of vote by party - SC 23%, Unity 21.9%, ZZS 19.5%, NA 16.6%, NSL 6.9%, LRA 6.7%, other 5.4%; seats by party - SC 24, Unity 23, ZZS 21, NA 17, LRA 8, NSL 7.
About the unemployment rate, labor force, and poverty line in Latvia
One of the major problems of the 21st-century economy is the unemployment. Governments are struggling to maintain a low level of the unemployment rate, but as a result of automation, the cheap 3rd world labor and the outsourcing of workflow, these attempts are failing. In Latvia the labor force is 968,700 (2016 estimate). Please bear in mind that the population in Latvia is total: 5.3 deaths / 1,000 live births; male: 5.7 deaths / 1,000 live births, female: 4.9 deaths / 1,000 live births (2016 estimate) - as we already mentioned above.
The rate of unemployment in Latvia is 9.6% (2016 estimate).
It is widely known that the gap between the rich and poor is widening on an enormous scale.
According to the 2017 shocking Oxfam report, the richest eight people’s fortune is equal to the fortune of the poorest half of the world's population.
In Latvia, the income of the households and consumption compared to the entire population: lowest 10%: 2.7% highhest 10%: 27.6% (2008).
Another widely used indicator is the so-called GINI index, which measures the inequalities of statistical dispersion, but mainly used for measuring the sharing of income and fortune.
The GINI index is named after its founder Corrado Gini an Italian economist. Gini index has grades between 0-1, but often it is used on a percentage basis. It is 0 if the examined criteria territorial distribution is equal. It is one if the criteria is concentrated on the territory. In Latvia the GINI index is .35,2 (2010).
The states usually set up a poverty line, which is more or less is a subjective measure. It varies by country its base is often the minimum pension, the incomes of the poorest 20 percent, the X percent of income per capita Etc.
In Latvia the people living under the poverty line is lowest 10%: 2.7% highhest 10%: 27.6% (2008).
About the budget and central governments debt of Latvia
Available budget mainly defines the state's economy. The budget of Latvia is; revenues: $9.766 billion, expenditures: $10.11 billion (2016 estimate). Taxes and other revenues are 34.9% of GDP (2016 estimate).
The budget deficit (Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)) is .
The fiscal year in Latvia is calendar year.
In country’s economy, we have to consider the public debt. Public debt is the consolidated sum of the state local, federal and central governments debt.
Inflation rate and prime lending rate in Latvia
A few further interesting and important economic data are the fallowing; Inflation rate: -0.4% (2016 estimate), 0.2% (2015 estimate) and the rate of the Commercial bank prime lending rate: 4.5% (31 December 2016 estimate).
Export/import partners and data of Latvia
Latvia, with the export of products, industrial tools, and other services, generates revenue. The export value in Latvia is: $11.22 billion (2016 estimate), $11.4 billion (2015 estimate). The total revenue of these activities: foodstuffs, wood and wood products, metals, machinery and equipment, textiles.
The most important imported products are: machinery and equipment, consumer goods, chemicals, fuels, vehicles, and the countries from where the import is coming: Lithuania 16.9%, Germany 11.2%, Poland 10.5%, Russia 8.1%, Estonia 7.7%, Finland 5.2%, Netherlands 4% (2015).
Renewable energies used in Latvia
As an attempt to suppress the pollution of the environment, renewable energies has to replace the fossil energy. The more the proportion of renewable energies in a country means more effort against the pollution. Latvia, the indicator of how much of country’s produced energy is coming from hydroelectric source is 70.2% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
To indicate how much another renewable energy is produced is the 3.5% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
Telecommunication data of Latvia, calling code
To maintain the economy, the development of a reliable and modern telecommunications infrastructure is crucial. We can say the following about Latvia; recent efforts focused on bringing competition to the telecommunications sector; the number of fixed lines is decreasing as mobile-cellular telephone service expandsdomestic: number of telecommunications operators has grown rapidly since the fixed-line market opened to competition in 2003; combined fixed-line and mobile-cellular subscribership roughly 150 per 100 personsinternational: country code - 371; the Latvian network is now connected via fiber-optic cable to Estonia, Finland, and Sweden (2015).
Transport infrastructure in Latvia
In the 21st century, we often say that the world has become small and there are no distances anymore. With widespread air travel when (sometimes) there are no visa restrictions, it is easy to reach other countries, but in case the distance is not too long, we can also use railway or water transportation.
The number of airports in Latvia: 42 (2013), and the number of heliports: 1 (2013).
The total length of the roadways in Latvia: total: 72,440 km, paved: 14,707 km, unpaved: 57,733 km (2013).
The total length of the waterways in Latvia: 300 km (navigable year round) (2010).
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Facts about Latvia
Name of the country: conventional long form: Republic of Latvia, conventional short form: Latvia, local long form: Latvijas Republika, local short form: Latvija, former: Latvian Soviet Socialist Republic, etymology: the name "Latvia" originates from the ancient Latgalians, one of four eastern Baltic tribes that formed the ethnic core of the Latvian people (ca. 8th-12th centuries A.D.).
|Abbrevation: Latvia||Geographic coordinates:
57 00 N, 25 00 E
|Capital of Latvia: Riga||GPS of the Capital:
56 57 N 24 06 E
|Position: Eastern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, between Estonia and Lithuania|
|Land area: total: 64,589 sq km; land: 62,249 sq km, water: 2,340 sq km||Terrain: low plain
||Area comparative: slightly larger than West Virginia|
|Population: 1,965,686 (July 2016 estimate)||Population grow rate: -1.07% (2016 estimate)||Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s) / female, 0-14 years: 1.05 male(s) / female, 15-24 years: 1.07 male(s) / female, 25-54 years: 0.98 male(s) / female, 55-64 years: 0.79 male(s) / female, 65 years and over: 0.48 male(s) / female, total population: 0.85 male(s) / female, (2016 estimate)|
|Exports: $11.22 billion (2016 estimate), $11.4 billion (2015 estimate)||Imports: $13.6 billion (2016 estimate), $13.74 billion (2015 estimate)||Import partners: Lithuania 16.9%, Germany 11.2%, Poland 10.5%, Russia 8.1%, Estonia 7.7%, Finland 5.2%, Netherlands 4% (2015)|
|Urbanization: urban population: 67.4% of total population (2015)||Major urban area(s): RIGA (capital) 621,000 (2015)||Median age: total: 43.3 years; male: 39.5 years, female: 46.6 years (2016 estimate)
|Internet users: total: 1.573 million. Percent of population: 79.2% (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (fixed lines): total subscriptions: 395,602. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 20 (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (mobile, cellular): total: 2.579 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 130 (July 2015 estimate)|
|Unemployment rate: 9.6% (2016 estimate)||Nationality: Latvian(s) adjective: Latvian||National holidays: Independence Day, 18 November (1918)|
|Life expectancy at birth: total population: 74.5 years. Male: 69.9 years, female: 79.3 years (2016 estimate)||Total fertility rate: 1.51 children born / woman (2016 estimate)||Birthrate: 9.9 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate)|
|Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write. Total population: 99.9%; male: 99.9%, female: 99.9% (2015 estimate)||Legal system: civil law system with traces of socialist legal traditions and practices||Suffrage: 18 years of age, universal|
|Industries: processed foods, processed wood products, textiles, processed metals, pharmaceuticals, railroad cars, synthetic fibers, electronics||Industrial production growth rate: 2.6% (2016 estimate)||GDP real growth rate: 2.5% (2016 estimate) 2.7% (2015 estimate) 2% (2014 estimate)|
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