|Borderline map of France||Location map of France||Flag of France|
Google maps and detailed facts of France (FR). This page enables you to explore France and its border countries through detailed Satellite imagery – fast and easy as never before Google maps.
Location of metropolitan France: Western Europe, bordering the Bay of Biscay and the English Channel, between Belgium and Spain, southeast of the UK; bordering the Mediterranean Sea, Italy, and Spain.
French overseas territories are:
Find comprehensive information below about this country in its diversity: Google maps, geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government, and history – All in One Wiki page.
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France Google Maps & Satellite Maps
The map below shows France with its cities, towns, highways, main roads, streets, and Street Views. To find a location, use the form below, type any city or place, view just a simple map, and click on the “show map” button.
The Google map above shows France with its location: Europe (geographic coordinates: 46 00 N, 2 00 E) and the international borders of France; metropolitan France – total: 2,751 km. Border countries (total: 8): Andorra 55 km, Belgium 556 km, Germany 418 km, Italy 476 km, Luxembourg 69 km, Monaco 6 km, Spain 646 km, Switzerland 525 km.
Hint: Look at the Street view in France or Europe. All you have to do is drag and pull the little yellow man (named: Pegman) on the Google map above the desired location. After that, whenever it is available (more than 50 countries globally), blue stripes will appear to show the photos and details from Google’s regularly updated data image base. In case if you have signed in to your Google account currently, you may have a look at the satellite map of this country/area as well.
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About France in detail
Where is France?
France, in case, if you are looking on the map under the Coordinates 48 52 N 2 20 E otherwise in Europe, in metropolitan France: Western Europe, bordering the Bay of Biscay and the English Channel, between Belgium and Spain, southeast of the UK; bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Italy and Spain.
What is the capital city of France?
The capital city of France is Paris.
What is the time in Paris?
It is 6 hours ahead of Washington, D.C. during Standard Time; Paris’s timezone is UTC+1.
What is the Internet code for France?
The Top Level Domain (TLD) for France is: .fr
What is the size of France?
The territory of France is total: 643,801 sq km; land: 640,427 sq km; 549,970 sq km, water: 3,374 sq km.
If we want to describe France’s territory’s size is slightly more than four times the size of Georgia, it is somewhat less than Texas’s size.
If we would like to walk around and discover France, we can cover a total distance of 2,751 km (metropolitan France).
What is the water coverage of France?
We have already mentioned what percentage of France is covered by water (see below), and this includes a total of 4,853 km metropolitan France: 3,427 km coastline.
What is the climate like in France?
The climate of metropolitan France: generally cold winters and mild summers, but mild winters and hot summers along the Mediterranean: occasional strong, cold, dry, north-to-northwesterly wind known as mistral.
French Guiana: tropical: hot, humid: little seasonal temperature variation.
Mayotte: tropical: marine: hot, humid, rainy season during northeastern monsoon (November to May): the dry season is more relaxed (May to November).
Reunion: tropical, but temperature moderates with elevation: cool and dry (May to November), hot and rainy (November to April).
Geographical data of France
France’s elevation; mean elevation: 375 m, elevation extremes; lowest point: Rhone River delta -2 m, highest point: Mont Blanc 4,807 m.
France’s specific geographical details include metropolitan France: mostly flat plains or gently rolling hills in north and west; the remainder is mountainous, especially the Pyrenees in the south, the Alps in the east.
French Guiana: low-lying coastal plains rising to hills and small mountains.
Martinique: Basse-Terre is volcanic in origin with interior elevations; Grande-Terre is a low limestone formation; most of the seven other islands are volcanic.
Martinique: mountainous with indented coastline; dormant volcano.
Mayotte: generally undulating, with deep ravines and ancient volcanic peaks.
Reunion: mostly rugged and rocky; fertile lowlands along the coast.
Suppose we would like to describe the countries location from a different perspective. In that case, it is safe to say, and easy to read from a map, France is the largest West European nation. Most major French rivers – the Meuse, Seine, Loire, Charente, Dordogne, and Garonne – flow northward or westward into the Atlantic Ocean. Only the Rhone flows southward into the Mediterranean Sea.
Resources and land use of France
The country’s main mined products are metropolitan France: coal, iron ore, bauxite, zinc, uranium, antimony, arsenic, potash, feldspar, fluorspar, gypsum, timber, arable land, fish.
French Guiana: gold deposits, petroleum, kaolin, niobium, tantalum, clay. The population partly uses the earlier highlighted land territory and partly left in its natural state: agricultural land: 52.7%; arable land 33.4%; permanent crops 1.8%; permanent pasture 17.5%; forest: 29.2%; other: 18.1% (2011 estimate).
Population data of France
The number of inhabitants of France is 66,836,154 (July 2016 estimate).
If we examine the proportion of the population distribution, it is safe to say that much of the population concentrated in the north and southeast. However, there are many urban agglomerations throughout the country. Paris is by far the largest city, with Lyon ranked a distant second.
If we look at the proportion of the urbanized and barely populated areas, these are the figures: urban population: 79.5% of the total population (2015).
Most of France’s population oncentrated in PARIS (capital) 10.843 million; Lyon 1.609 million; Marseille-Aix-en-Provence 1.605 million; Lille 1.027 million; Nice-Cannes 967,000; Toulouse 938,000 (2015).
Ethnicity in France
According to ethnicity details, the ethnic groups are Celtic and Latin with Teutonic, Slavic, North African, Indochinese, Basque minorities overseas departments: black, white, mulatto, East Indian, Chinese, Amerindian.
Spoken languages in France
The spoken languages in France are the following: French (official language) 100%, rapidly declining regional dialects and languages (Provencal, Breton, Alsatian, Corsican, Catalan, Basque, Flemish) overseas departments: French, Creole patois, Mahorian (a Swahili dialect).
What are the most important religions in France?
During the general census, researchers examine the churches, according to this: Christian (overwhelmingly Roman Catholic) 63-66%, Muslim 7-9%, Buddhist 0.5-0.75%, Jewish 0.5-0.75%, other 0.5-1.0%, none 23-28%note: France maintains a tradition of secularism and has not officially collected data on religious affiliation since the 1872 national census, which complicates assessments of France’s religious composition; an 1872 law prohibiting state authorities from collecting data on individuals’ ethnicity or religious beliefs reaffirmed by a 1978 law emphasizing the prohibition of the collection or exploitation of personal data revealing an individual’s race, ethnicity, or political, philosophical, or religious opinions; a 1905 law codified France’s separation of church and state (2015 estimate).
Further population data of France
The proportion of gender and age tells a lot about the society as follows 0-14 years: 18.59% (male 6,354,241 / female 6,070,971) 15-24 years: 11.8% (male 4,035,407 / female 3,853,153) 25-54 years: 38.04% (male 12,799,923 / female 12,625,781) 55-64 years: 12.44% (male 4,011,853 / female 4,303,261) 65 years and over: 19.12% (male 5,510,337 / female 7,271,227) (2016 estimate). It also a significant factor in a society the population growth rate, which in the case of France is 0.41% (2016 estimate).
The population growth rate is based on two elements, the birth, and the death rate. In France the birth rate is 12.3 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate), the death rate 9.3 deaths / 1,000 population (2016 estimate).
In this day and age in developed societies, the first child borns later compared to the previous centuries and decades, so childbearing is extended. In France, the average age of mothers at the first childbirth is N/A.
Although the children’s birth is postponed in the best-case scenario, the parents can still see their kids grow as life expectancy also extended. In the case of France, these figures are N/A. With the introduction of modern medicine, vaccinations, and the proper hygienic conditions, the infant mortality rate is in a steep decline. The infant mortality statistics in France are the following: Relevant data is the healthcare budget, which is 11.5% of GDP (2014).
Economic data of France
Suppose we would like to describe a country, we also have to mention its economy; The French economy diversified across all sectors. The government has partially or fully privatized many large companies, including Air France, France Telecom, Renault, and Thales. However, the government maintains a strong presence in some sectors; France’s real GDP increased by 1.3% in 2016. The unemployment rate (including overseas territories) increased from 7.8% in 2008 to 10.1% in 2015 before falling in 2016. Youth unemployment in metropolitan France decreased from a high of 25.4% in the fourth lower-than-expected growth, and high spending has strained France’s public finances. The budget deficit rose sharply from 3.3% of GDP in 2008 to 7.5% of GDP in 2009 before improving to 3.2% of GDP in 2016, while France’s public debt rose from 68% of GDP t. Elected on a conventionally leftist platform, President Francois HOLLANDE surprised and angered many supporters with a January 2014 speech announcing a sharp change in his economic policy, recasting himself as a liberalizing reformer.
GDP is a prominent figure, as all the relevant calculations and statistics are based on it. GDP in France is $2.488 trillion (2015 estimate).
Another important indicator is the rate of GDP growth, which in France is 1.3% (2016 estimate), 1.3% (2015 estimate) 0.6% (2014 estimate).
These statistics affect the world economy; remember, in 2015, the Chinese real GDP growth rate was worse than expected; The world markets fall, and the Chinese stock exchange is temporally suspended.
A further major factor of a country’s economy, the GDP per capita. In France this is $42,400 (2016 estimate) $42,000 (2015 estimate) $41,700 (2014 estimate).
The Trinity is in familiar places in the economy, such as agriculture, industry, and services.
What are the agricultural products France produces?
France’s main agricultural products are wheat, cereals, sugar beets, potatoes, wine grapes; beef, dairy products; fish.
The essential segments are machinery, chemicals, automobiles, metallurgy, aircraft, electronics, textiles, food processing, and tourism. The crucial and regularly mentioned GDP based on machinery, chemicals, automobiles, metallurgy, aircraft, electronics, materials, food processing, tourism.
Drinking water source in France
It is essential to mention that – thanks to the development of the infrastructure -, the rate of potable water improved: urban: 100% of the population, rural: 100% of the population, total: 100% of the population. Unimproved: urban: 0% of the population, rural: 0% of the population, total: 0% of the population (2015 estimate).
the average number of childbirth in France
In France, the average number of birth is 2.07 children born / woman (2016 estimate).
Population, median age, migration, and citizenship in France
The community’s average age is 41.2 years; male: 39.5 years, female: 42.9 years (2016 estimate). The age of adulthood varies in every country of the world in France; it is 18 years of age, universal.
When we are experiencing an unprecedented scale of migration and globalization, it is an important factor in the number of new immigrants. In France is 1.1 migrant(s) / 1,000 population (2016 estimate). It is important to know how to apply for citizenship: citizenship by birth: no. Citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of France. Dual citizenship recognized: yes, the residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years.
Is France a safe destination? Healthcare services and infectious diseases in France
Many of the travelers are looking into the healthcare services and infectious diseases of their targets. In France, the hospital beds’ density is 6.4 beds / 1,000 population (2011).
According to the WHO rating regarding contagious diseases in France: N/A.
However, HIV is not curable but maintainable. Let’s do not forget when the disease surfaced; it was a world threatening condition. Unfortunately, in some countries, it is still very high the number of infected patients and fatalities due to the disease.
In France, the number of HIV/AIDS deaths: N/A.
Regarding tourism obesity, not an important issue, but we have to mention health statistics, as it is the plague of the 20th and the 21st century. The rate of obese adults in France is 25.7% (2014).
What are the natural hazards in France? Is there any?
The most known natural risk in France are metropolitan France: flooding; avalanches; midwinter windstorms; drought; forest fires in the south near the Mediterranean overseas departments: hurricanes (cyclones); flooding; volcanic activity (Guadeloupe, Martinique, Reunion).
More interesting facts about France
Like every country and society, a few words about the past are connected to its history; France is one of the world’s most modern countries and is a leader among European nations. It plays an influential global role as a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council, NATO, the G-8, the G-20, the EU, and other multilateral organizations. France rejoined NATO’s integrated military command structure in 2009, reversing DE GAULLE’s 1966 decision to withdraw French forces from NATO.
Since 1958, it has constructed a hybrid presidential-parliamentary governing system resistant to the instabilities experienced in earlier, more purely parliamentary administrations. In recent decades, its reconciliation and cooperation with Germany have proved central to Europe’s economic integration, including introducing a common currency, the euro, in January 1999. In the early 21st century, five French overseas entities – French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte, and Reunion – became French regions and made France proper.
In every nation’s memory, some cornerstones placed the country on the timeline of history. The date of declaration of independence of France: no official date of independence: 486 (Frankish tribes unified under Merovingian kingship); 10 August 843 (Western Francia established from the division of the Carolingian Empire); 14 July 1789 (French monarchy was overthrown); 22 September 1792 (the First French Republic founded); 4 October 1958 (the Fifth French Republic established).
The flag and other symbols of France
The colors, symbols, and animals on the flag usually have a historical background or an important milestone or memory of the nation.
This case is not an exception, either. Three equal vertical bands of blue (hoist side), white, and red; known as the “Le Drapeau Tricolore” (French Tricolor), the origin of the flag dates to 1790 and the French Revolution when the “ancient French color” of white combined with the blue and red colors of the Parisian militia; the official flag for all French dependent areas. Note: the design and colors are similar to several other flags, including those of Belgium, Chad, Cote d’Ivoire, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands.
Apart from the flag, the symbol of national unity is the national anthem. The anthem’s primary purpose is to share the nation’s core values, endeavors, and patriotic feelings.
National symbols of France: Gallic rooster, fleur-de-lis, Marianne (female personification); national colors: blue, white, red.
Constitution of France
The existence of the nation is based on the constitution. Some constitutions knew worldwide, like the U.S. Constitution that was accepted on the 17th of September 1787, in Philadelphia, the United States of America’s Constitution.
It is not related to the declaration of independence that was stolen by Nicolas Cage in the movie National Treasure 🙂
What is the legal system of France?
Most of the time, the legal system of a country is the focus of lawyers. It is a common fact that there are two main approaches in the world, “the law in books” and “the law in action.”
In the Anglo-Saxon world, the practice is the „law in action,” while in the rest of the world, the law is based on Roman law, the „law in books.”
The legal system of France is civil law, a review of administrative but not legislative acts.
It was Aristotle who founded the Theory of 3 separations of powers. In his view, these are the council of public affairs, the magistrates, and the justice system. The age of enlightenment was the time when terminologies have defined the way we still use them. In most democratic countries, the three authorities separated from each other. In dictatorships, the rules usually interweaved in one hand.
About the legislative branch of France, we can highlight the following structures bicameral Parliament or Parlement consists of the Senate or Senat (348 seats – 328 for metropolitan France and overseas departments and regions of Guadeloupe, Martinique, French Guiana, Reunion, and Mayotte, 2 for New Caledonia, 2 for French Polynesia, 1 for Saint-Pierre and Miquelon, 1 for Saint-Barthelemy, 1 for Saint-Martin, 1 for Wallis and Futuna, and 12 for French nationals abroad; members indirectly elected by departmental electoral colleges using absolute majority vote in two rounds if needed for departments with 1-3 members and proportional representation vote in departments with 4 or more members; members serve 6-year terms with one-half of the membership renewed every 3 years) and the National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (577 seats – 556 for metropolitan France, 10 for overseas departments, and 11 for citizens abroad; members directly elected by absolute majority vote in two rounds if needed to serve 5-year terms).
About the unemployment rate, labor force, and poverty line in France
One of the major problems of the 21st-century economy is unemployment. Governments are struggling to maintain a low level of the unemployment rate. Still, as a result of automation, the cheap 3rd world labor, and the outsourcing of workflow, these attempts fail. In France, the labor force is 30.48 million (2016 estimate). Please bear in mind that the population in France is total: 3.3 deaths / 1,000 live births; male: 3.6 deaths / 1,000 live births, female: 2.9 deaths / 1,000 live births (2016 estimate) – as we already mentioned above.
The rate of unemployment in France is 9.7% (2016 estimate).
Widely known that the gap between the rich and poor is widening on an enormous scale.
According to the 2017 shocking Oxfam report, the most affluent eight people’s fortune is equal to the wealth of the poorest half of the world’s population.
In France, the households’ income and consumption compared to the entire population: lowest 10%: 3.6% highest 10%: 25.4% (2013).
Another widely used indicator is the so-called GINI index, which measures the inequalities of statistical dispersion, but is mainly used for measuring the sharing of income and fortune.
The GINI index was named after its founder Corrado Gini, an Italian economist. Gini index has grades between 0-1, but often it is used on a percentage basis. It is 0 if the examined criteria territorial distribution is equal. It would be one of the criteria concentrated on the territory. In France, the GINI index is .30,1 (2013).
The states usually set up a poverty line, which is more or less, is a subjective measure. It varies by country; its base is often the minimum pension, the incomes of the most deficient 20 percent, the X percent of income per capita Etc.
In France, the poverty line people are the lowest 10%: 3.6% highest 10%: 25.4% (2013).
About the budget and central governments debt of France
The available budget mainly defines the state’s economy. France’s budget is; revenues: $1.288 trillion expenditures: $1.369 trillion (2016 estimate). Taxes and other revenues are 51.8% of GDP (2016 estimate).
The budget deficit (Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)) is.
The fiscal year in France is the calendar year.
In the country’s economy, we have to consider the public debt. Public debt is the consolidated sum of the state’s local, federal, and central government debt.
Inflation rate and prime lending rate in France
A few further interesting and relevant economic data are the following; Inflation rate: 0.3% (2016 estimate), 0.1% (2015 estimate), and the rate of the Commercial bank prime lending rate: 2% (31 December 2016 estimate).
Export/import partners and data of France
France, with the export of products, industrial tools, and other services, generates revenue. The export value in France is: $505.4 billion (2016 estimate), $510.5 billion (2015 estimate). The total revenue of these activities: machinery and transportation equipment, aircraft, plastics, chemicals, pharmaceutical products, iron and steel, beverages.
The most important imported products are machinery and equipment, vehicles, crude oil, aircraft, plastics, chemicals, and the countries from where the import is coming: Germany 19.5%, Belgium 10.7%, Italy 7.7%, Netherlands 7.5%, Spain 6.8%, US 5.5%, China 5.4%, the United Kingdom 4.3% (2015).
Renewable energies used in France
To suppress the pollution of the environment, renewable energies have to replace the fossil energy. The more the proportion of renewable energies in a country means more effort against pollution. France indicates how much of the country’s produced energy is coming from the hydroelectric source, 14.2% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
To indicate how much another renewable energy produced is 11.2% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
Telecommunication data of France, calling code
To maintain the economy, the development of a reliable and modern telecommunications infrastructure is crucial. We can say the following about France; highly developed. Domestic: extensive cable and microwave radio relay; extensive use of fiber-optic cable; local satellite system. International: country code – 33; numerous submarine cables provide links throughout Europe, Asia, Australia, the Middle East, and the US; satellite earth stations – more than 3 (2 Intelsat (with a total of 5 antennas – 2 for the Indian Ocean and 3 for the Atlantic Ocean), NA Eutelsat, overseas departments: country codes: French Guiana – 594; Guadeloupe – 590; Martinique – 596; Mayotte – 262; Reunion – 262 (2015).
Transport infrastructure in France
In the 21st century, we often say that the world has become small and there are no distances anymore. With extensive air travel when (sometimes) there are no visa restrictions, it is easy to reach other countries, but if the distance is not too long, we can also use railway or water transportation.
The number of airports in France: 464 (2013), and the number of heliports: 1 (2013).
The total length of the roadways in France: total: 1,028,446 km (metropolitan France) paved: 1,028,446 km (includes 11,416 km of expressways). Note: not included are 5,100 km of roadways in overseas departments (2010).
The total length of the waterways in France: metropolitan France: 8,501 km (1,621 km navigable by craft up to 3,000 metric tons) (2010).
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Facts & data about France
Name of the country: conventional long way: the French Republic, traditional short form: France, local long form: Republique Francaise, local short state: France, etymology: name derives from the Latin “Francia” meaning “Land of the Franks”; the Franks were a group of Germanic tribes located along the middle and lower Rhine River in the 3rd century A.D. who merged with Gallic-Roman populations in succeeding centuries and to whom they passed on their name.
|Abbreviation: France||Geographic coordinates:
46 00 N, 2 00 E
|Country Location: Europe|
|Capital of France: Paris||GPS of the Capital:
48 52 N 2 20 E
|Position: metropolitan France: Western Europe, bordering the Bay of Biscay and the English Channel, between Belgium and Spain, southeast of the UK; bordering the Mediterranean Sea, Italy, and Spain.|
|Land area: total: 643,801 sq km; land: 640,427 sq km; 549,970 sq km, water: 3,374 sq km||Terrain: metropolitan France: mostly flat plains or gently rolling hills in north and west; the remainder is mountainous, especially the Pyrenees in the south, the Alps the in the east.
||Area comparative: slightly more than four times the size of Georgia, somewhat less than Texas’s size.|
|Population: 66,836,154 (July 2016 estimate)||Population grow rate: 0.41% (2016 estimate)||Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s) / female, 0-14 years: 1.05 male(s) / female, 15-24 years: 1.05 male(s) / female, 25-54 years: 1.01 male(s) / female, 55-64 years: 0.93 male(s) / female, 65 years and over: 0.75 male(s) / female, total population: 0.96 male(s) / female (2016 estimate)|
|Exports: $505.4 billion (2016 estimate), $510.5 billion (2015 estimate)||Imports: $525.4 billion (2016 estimate), $537.5 billion (2015 estimate)||Import partners: Germany 19.5%, Belgium 10.7%, Italy 7.7%, Netherlands 7.5%, Spain 6.8%, US 5.5%, China 5.4%, UK 4.3% (2015)|
|Urbanization: urban population: 79.5% of the total population (2015)||Major urban area(s): PARIS (capital) 10.843 million; Lyon 1.609 million; Marseille-Aix-en-Provence 1.605 million; Lille 1.027 million; Nice-Cannes 967,000; Toulouse 938,000 (2015)||Median age: total: 41.2 years; male: 39.5 years, female: 42.9 years (2016 estimate)
|Internet users: total: 56.367 million. Percent of the population: 84.7% (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (fixed-lines): total subscriptions: 38.929 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 58 (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (mobile, cellular): total: 66.681 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 100 (July 2015 estimate)|
|Unemployment rate: 9.7% (2016 estimate)||Nationality: Frenchman (men), Frenchwoman (women) adjective: French||National holidays: Fete de la Federation, 14 July (1790) abolishment of a constitutional monarchy; other names for the holiday are Fete Nationale (National Holiday) and quatorze juillet (14th of July)|
|Life expectancy at birth: total population: 81.8 years. Male: 78.7 years, female: 85.1 years (2016 estimate)||Total fertility rate: 2.07 children born / woman (2016 estimate)||Birthrate: 12.3 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate)|
|Literacy: N/A||Legal system: civil law; review of administrative but not legislative acts||Suffrage: 18 years of age, universal|
|Industries: machinery, chemicals, automobiles, metallurgy, aircraft, electronics; textiles, food processing; tourism||Industrial production growth rate: 1% (2016 estimate)||GDP real growth rate: 1.3% (2016 estimate) 1.3% (2015 estimate) 0.6% (2014 estimate)|
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