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In the eastern Mediterranean, the Akrotiri Sovereign Base Area, also known as the Western Sovereign Base Area, emerges as a unique geopolitical entity. It was established under the 1960 Treaty of Establishment, which also led to the creation of the independent Republic of Cyprus. As a result of this treaty, the United Kingdom retained full sovereignty and jurisdiction over two areas totaling almost 254 square kilometers, with Akrotiri being the southernmost and smaller of the two. This British Overseas Territory, encompassing a mix of military installations, fertile wetlands, and ancient history, stands out for its strategic significance and rich ecological diversity. Notably, the Akrotiri Salt Lake, a significant site for migratory birds, including flamingos, adds to its environmental importance, making it a fascinating blend of natural beauty and historical intrigue in a region steeped in ancient and modern history.

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