|Borderline map of Iceland||Location map of Iceland||Flag of Iceland|
Google maps and detailed facts of Iceland (IS). This page enables you to explore Iceland and its border countries (Country location: Northern Europe, island between the Greenland Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, northwest of the the United Kingdom) through detailed Satellite imagery – fast and easy as never before Google maps.
Find comprehensive information below about this country in its diversity: Google maps, geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government, and history – All in One Wiki page.
There is also Street View and free Driving Directions at your service. Your Google Satellite Map Sightseeing in Iceland, in Arctic Region, starts here at Driving Directions and Maps.com.
Iceland Google maps™
The map below shows Iceland with its cities, towns, highways, main roads, streets, and also providing Street Views. To find a location, use the form below, type any city or place, and to view, just a simple map click on the “Show map” button.
The Google map above is showing Iceland with its location: Arctic Region (geographic coordinates: 65 00 N, 18 00 W) and the international borders of Iceland; 0 km; furthermore, it’s inland counties boundaries.
Hint: Have a look at the Street view in Iceland, or Arctic Region. All you have to do is to drag and pull the little yellow man (named: Pegman) on the Google map above the desired location. After that, whenever it is available (more than 50 countries in the world), blue stripes will appear to show the photos and details from Google’s regularly updated data image base. In case if you have signed in to your Google account currently, you may have a look at the satellite map of this country/area as well.
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About Iceland in detail
Where is Iceland?
Iceland, in case, if you are looking on the map under the Coordinates 64 09 N 21 57 W otherwise in Arctic Region, in Northern Europe, island between the Greenland Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, northwest of The United Kingdom.
What is the capital city of Iceland?
The capital city of Iceland is: Reykjavík.
What is the time in Reykjavík?
It is 5 hours ahead of Washington, D.C. during Standard Time, the timezone of Reykjavík is: UTC 0.
What is the Internet code for Iceland?
The Top Level Domain (TLD) for Iceland is: .is
What is the size of Iceland?
The territory of Iceland is total: 103,000 sq km; land: 100,250 sq km, water: 2,750 sq km.
If we want to describe the size of the territory of Iceland is slightly smaller than Pennsylvania; about the same size as Kentucky.
If we would like to walk around and discover Iceland, we can do that by covering a distance of 0 km.
What is the water coverage of Iceland?
We have already mentioned on this website, that what percentage of Iceland is covered by water (see below), and this includes 4,970 km coastline.
What is the climate like in Iceland?
The climate of Iceland is temperate: moderated by North Atlantic Current: mild, windy winters: damp, cool summers.
Geographical data of Iceland
The elevation of Iceland; mean elevation: 557 m, elevation extremes; lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m, highest point: Hvannadalshnukur 2,110 m.
The typical geographical details of Iceland include mostly plateau interspersed with mountain peaks, icefields; coast deeply indented by bays and fiords.
If we would like to describe the countries location from a different point of view, it is safe to say, and easy to read from a map, Iceland is strategic location between Greenland and Europe; westernmost European country; Reykjavík is the northernmost national capital in the world; more land covered by glaciers than in all of continental Europe.
Resources and land use of Iceland
The country’s main mined products are fish, hydropower, geothermal power, diatomite. The population partly uses the earlier highlighted land territory and partly left in its natural state: agricultural land: 18.7%; arable land 1.2%; permanent crops 0%; permanent pasture 17.5%; forest: 0.3%; other: 81% (2011 estimate).
Population data of Iceland
The number of inhabitants of Iceland is 335,878 (July 2016 estimate).
If we examine the proportion of the population distribution, it is safe to say that Iceland is almost entirely urban with half of the population located in and around the capital of Reykjavík; smaller agglomerations are primarily found along the coast in the north and west.
If we are looking at the proportion of the urbanized and barely populated areas, these are the figures: urban population: 94.1% of the total population (2015).
Most of the population in Iceland is concentrated in REYKJAVÍK (capital) 184,000 (2014).
Ethnicity in Iceland
According to ethnicity details, the ethnic groups in this country are the following: homogeneous mixture of descendants of Norse and Celts 94%, population of foreign origin 6%.
Spoken languages in Iceland
The spoken languages in Iceland are the following: Icelandic, English, Nordic languages, German widely spoken.
What are the most important religions in Iceland?
During the general census, researchers examine the churches, according to this: Evangelical Lutheran Church of Iceland (official) 73.8%, Roman Catholic 3.6%, Reykjavík Free Church 2.9%, Hafnarfjorour Free Church 2%, The Independent Congregation 1%, other religions 3.9% (includes Pentecostal and Asatru Association), none 5.6%, other or unspecified 7.2% (2015 estimate).
Further population data of Iceland
The proportion of gender and age tells a lot about the society as follows 0-14 years: 20.4% (male 35,009 / female 33,495) 15-24 years: 13.77% (male 23,452 / female 22,789) 25-54 years: 39.99% (male 67,878 / female 66,428) 55-64 years: 11.75% (male 19,848 / female 19,622) 65 years and over: 14.1% (male 22,130 / female 25,227) (2016 estimate). It also a significant factor in a society the population growth rate, which in the case of Iceland is 1.17% (2016 estimate).
The population growth rate based on two elements, the birth, and the death rate. In Iceland the birth rate is 13.8 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate), the death rate 6.3 deaths / 1,000 population (2016 estimate).
In this day and age in developed societies, the first child borns later compared to the previous centuries and decades, so childbearing is extended. In Iceland, the average age of mothers at the first childbirth is .
In the best-case scenario, although the birth of the children postponed, the parents are still able to see their kids grow as life expectancy also extended. In the case of Iceland, these figures are. With the introduction of modern medicine, vaccinations, and the proper hygienic conditions, the infant mortality rate is in a steep decline. The infant mortality statistics in Iceland are the following: . Relevant data is the budget of healthcare, which is in the case of this country is 8.9% of GDP (2014).
Economic data of Iceland
If we would like to describe a country, we also have to mention its economy; Iceland’s Scandinavian-type social-market economy combines a capitalist structure and free-market principles with an extensive welfare system. Except for a brief period during the 2008 crisis, Iceland has achieved high growth, low unemployment, and a remaIceland’s economy has been diversifying into manufacturing and service industries in the last decade, particularly within the fields of tourism, software production, and biotechnology. In fall 2013, the Icelandic Government approved a joint application byFollowing the privatization of the banking sector in the early 2000s, domestic banks expanded aggressively in foreign markets, and consumers and businesses borrowed heavily in foreign currencies. Worsening global financial conditions throughout 2008 resulSince the collapse of Iceland’s financial sector, government economic priorities have included stabilizing the krona, implementing capital controls, reducing Iceland’s high budget deficit, containing inflation, addressing high household debt, restructurin.
GDP is a prominent figure, as all the relevant calculations and statistics based on it. GDP in Iceland is $19.44 billion (2015 estimate).
Another important indicator is the rate of the GDP growth, which in Iceland is 4.9% (2016 estimate) 4% (2015 estimate) 2% (2014 estimate).
These statistics are affecting the world economy; remember in 2015, when the Chinese real GDP growth rate was worse than expected; The world markets fall, and the Chinese stock exchange temporally suspended.
A further major factor of a country’s economy, the GDP per capita. In Iceland this is $48,100 (2016 estimate) $46,200 (2015 estimate) $45,000 (2014 estimate).
In the case of the economy, the Trinity is in common places, such as agriculture, industry, and services.
What are the agricultural products Iceland produces?
The main agricultural products of Iceland are potatoes, carrots, green vegetables; mutton, chicken, pork, beef, dairy products; fish.
Regarding the economy, the important segments are tourism, fish processing; aluminum smelting, ferrosilicon production; geothermal power, hydropower, tourism. The crucial and regularly mentioned GDP is based on tourism, fish processing; aluminum smelting, ferrosilicon production; geothermal power, hydropower, tourism.
Drinking water source in Iceland
It is important to mention, that – thanks to the development of the infrastructure -, the rate of potable water improved: urban: 100% of the population, rural: 100% of the population, total: 100% of the population. Unimproved: urban: 0% of the population, rural: 0% of the population, total: 0% of the population (2015 estimate).
The average number of childbirth in Iceland
In Iceland, the average number of delivery is 2.01 children born / woman (2016 estimate).
Population, median age, migration, and citizenship in Iceland
The average age of the population is total: 36.3 years; male: 35.7 years, female: 36.9 years (2016 estimate). The age of adulthood varies in every country of the world in Iceland it is 18 years of age, universal.
In this age, when we are experiencing an unprecedented scale of migration and globalization, it is an important factor the number of new coming immigrants. In Iceland is 4.2 migrant(s) / 1,000 population (2016 estimate). It is important to know, how to apply for citizenship: citizenship by birth: no. Citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Iceland. Dual citizenship recognized: yes, residency requirement for naturalization: 3 to 7 years.
Is Iceland a safe destination? Healthcare services and infectious diseases in Iceland
Many of the travelers are looking into the healthcare services and infectious diseases of their destinations. In Iceland density of the hospital beds is 3.2 beds / 1,000 population (2012).
According to WHO rating regarding contagious diseases in Iceland the N/A.
However, HIV is not curable but maintainable. Let’s do not forget when the disease surfaced it was a world threatening condition. Unfortunately, in some countries, it is still very high the number of infected patients and fatalities as a result of the disease.
In Iceland the number of HIV/AIDS deaths: N/A.
Regarding tourism obesity, not an important issue, but we have to mention among the health statistics, as it is the plague of the 20th and the 21st century. The rate of obese adults in Iceland is 23.9% (2014).
What are the natural hazards in Iceland? Is there any?
The most known natural risks in Iceland are earthquakes and volcanic activityvolcanism: Iceland, situated on top of a hotspot, experiences severe volcanic activity; Eyjafjallajokull (elev. 1,666 m) erupted in 2010, sending ash high into the atmosphere and seriously disrupting European air traffic; scientists continue to monitor nearby Katla (elev. 1,512 m), which has a high probability of eruption in the very near future, potentially disrupting air traffic; Grimsvoetn and Hekla are Iceland’s most active volcanoes; other historically active volcanoes include Askja, Bardarbunga, Brennisteinsfjoll, Esjufjoll, Hengill, Krafla, Krisuvik, Kverkfjoll, Oraefajokull, Reykjanes, Torfajokull, and Vestmannaeyjar.
More interesting facts about Iceland
A few words about the past, as every country and society, is connected to its history; Settled by Norwegian and Celtic (Scottish and Irish) immigrants during the late 9th and 10th centuries A.D., Iceland boasts the world’s oldest functioning legislative assembly, the Althingi, established in 930. Independent for over 300 years, Iceland was subsequently ruled by Norway and Denmark. Fallout from the Askja volcano of 1875 devastated the Icelandic economy and caused widespread famine. Over the next quarter century, 20% of the island’s population emigrated, mostly to Canada and the US. Denmark granted limited home rule in 1874 and complete independence in 1944. The second half of the 20th century saw substantial economic growth driven primarily by the fishing industry. The economy diversified greatly after the country joined the European Economic Area in 1994, but Iceland was especially hard hit by the global financial crisis in the years following 2008. Literacy, longevity, and social cohesion are first rate by world standards.
In every nation’s memory, some cornerstones placed the country on the timeline of history. The date of declaration of independence of Iceland: 1 December 1918 (became a sovereign state under the Danish Crown); 17 June 1944 (from Denmark; birthday of Jon SIGURDSSON leader of Iceland’s 19th Century independence movement).
The flag and other symbols of Iceland
The colors, symbols, and animals on the flag usually have a historical background or related to an important milestone or memory of the nation.
This case is not an exception either, blue with a red cross outlined in white extending to the edges of the flag; the vertical part of the cross is shifted to the hoist side in the style of the Dannebrog (Danish flag); the colors represent three of the elements that make up the island: red is for the island’s volcanic fires, white recalls the snow and ice fields of the island, and blue is for the surrounding ocean.
Apart from the flag, the symbol of national unity is the national anthem. The primary purpose of the anthem is to share the nation’s core values, endeavors, and patriotic feelings.
National symbols of Iceland: gyrfalcon; national colors: blue, white, red.
Constitution of Iceland
The existence of the nation based on the constitution. Some constitutions knew around the world, like the U.S. Constitution that accepted on 17th of September 1787, in Philadelphia, the Constitution of the United States of America.
It is not related to the declaration of independence that was stolen by Nicolas Cage in the movie National Treasure 🙂
What is the legal system of Iceland?
Most of the time, the legal system of a country is in the focus of lawyers. It is a common fact that there are two main approaches in the world, “the law in books” and “the law in action.”
In the Anglo-Saxon world, the practice is the “law in action” while in the rest of the world where the law based on Roman law, the “law in books.”
The legal system of Iceland is a civil law system influenced by the Danish model.
It was Aristotle who founded the Theory of 3 separations of powers. In his view, these are the council of public affairs, the magistrates, and the justice system. In the age of enlightenment was the time when terminologies have defined the way we still use them. In most democratic countries, the three authorities separated from each other. In dictatorships, the authorities usually interweaved in one hand.
About the legislative branch of Iceland, we can highlight the following structures unicameral Althingi or Parliament (63 seats; members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by proportional representation vote to serve 4-year terms)elections: last held on 29 October 2016 (next to be held in 2020)election results: percent of vote by party – IP 29%, LGM 15.9%, Pirate Party 14.5%, PP 11.5%, Vioreisn 10.5%, BF 7.2%, SDA 5.7%, other 2.3%; seats by party – IP 21, LGM 10, Pirate Party 10, PP 8, Vioreisn 7, BF 4, SDA 3.
About the unemployment rate, labor force, and poverty line in Iceland
One of the major problems of the 21st-century economy is unemployment. Governments are struggling to maintain a low level of unemployment rate. Still, as a result of automation, the cheap 3rd world labor and the outsourcing of workflow, these attempts are failing. In Iceland the labor force is 195,000 (2016 estimate). Please bear in mind that the population in Iceland is total: 2.1 deaths / 1,000 live births; male: 2.2 deaths / 1,000 live births, female: 1.9 deaths / 1,000 live births (2016 estimate) – as we already mentioned above.
The rate of unemployment in Iceland is 2.7% (2016 estimate).
Widely known that the gap between the rich and poor is widening on an enormous scale.
According to the 2017 shocking Oxfam report, the richest eight people’s fortune is equal to the wealth of the poorest half of the world’s population.
In Iceland, the income of the households and consumption compared to the entire population: lowest 10%: NA% highest 10%: NA%.
Another widely used indicator is the so-called GINI index, which measures the inequalities of statistical dispersion, but mainly used for measuring the sharing of income and fortune.
The GINI index named after its founder Corrado Gini, an Italian economist. Gini index has grades between 0-1, but often it is used on a percentage basis. It is 0 if the examined criteria territorial distribution is equal. It is one of the criteria concentrated on the territory. In Iceland, the GINI index is .28 (2006).
The states usually set up a poverty line, which is more or less, is a subjective measure. It varies by country; its base is often the minimum pension, the incomes of the most deficient 20 percent, the X percent of income per capita Etc.
In Iceland, the people living under the poverty line are the lowest 10%: NA% highest 10%: NA%.
About the budget and central governments debt of Iceland
The available budget mainly defines the state’s economy. The budget of Iceland is; revenues: $10.35 billion, expenditures: $7.911 billion (2016 estimate). Taxes and other revenues are 53.2% of GDP (2016 estimate).
The budget deficit (Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)) is .
The fiscal year in Iceland is the calendar year.
In the country’s economy, we have to consider the public debt. Public debt is the consolidated sum of the state’s local, federal, and central government debt.
Inflation rate and prime lending rate in Iceland
A few further interesting and relevant economic data are the following; Inflation rate: 1.9% (2016 estimate), 1.6% (2015 estimate), and the rate of the Commercial bank prime lending rate: 7.6% (31 December 2016 estimate).
Export/import partners and data of Iceland
Iceland, with the export of products, industrial tools, and other services, generates revenue. The export value in Iceland is: $4.6 billion (2016 estimate), $4.653 billion (2015 estimate). The total revenue of these activities: fish and fish products 40%, aluminum, animal products, ferrosilicon, diatomite (2010 estimate).
The most important imported products are machinery and equipment, petroleum products, foodstuffs, textiles, and the countries from where the import is coming: Norway 10.1%, Germany 8.6%, US 7.9%, China 7.9%, Denmark 7.1%, Netherlands 5.9%, Brazil 5.8%, UK 5% (2015).
Renewable energies used in Iceland
As an attempt to suppress the pollution of the environment, renewable energies have to replace fossil energy. The more the proportion of renewable energies in a country means more effort against the pollution. Iceland, the indicator of how much of the country’s produced energy coming from the hydroelectric source, is 70.6% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
To indicate how much another renewable energy produced is 25.1% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
Telecommunication data of Iceland, calling code
To maintain the economy, the development of a reliable and modern telecommunications infrastructure is crucial. We can say the following about Iceland; telecommunications infrastructure is modern and fully digitized, with satellite-earth stations, fiber-optic cables, and an extensive broadband networkdomestic: liberalization of the telecommunications sector beginning in the late 1990s has led to increased competition especially in the mobile services segment of the marketinternational: country code – 354; the CANTAT-3 and FARICE-1 submarine cable systems provide connectivity to Canada, the Faroe Islands, UK, Denmark, and Germany; a planned new section of the Hibernia-Atlantic submarine cable will provide additional connectivity to Canad (2015).
Transport infrastructure in Iceland
In the 21st century, we often say that the world has become small and there are no distances anymore. With widespread air travel when (sometimes) there are no visa restrictions, it is easy to reach other countries, but in case the distance is not too long, we can also use railway or water transportation.
The number of airports in Iceland: 96 (2013), and the number of heliports: N/A.
The total length of the roadways in Iceland: total: 12,890 km, paved/oiled gravel: 4,782 km (excludes urban roads), unpaved: 8,108 km (2012).
The total length of the waterways in Iceland: N/A.
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Facts & data about Iceland
Name of the country: conventional long form: Republic of Iceland, conventional short form: Iceland, local long form: Lydveldid Island, local short form: Island, etymology: Floki VILGERDARSON, an early explorer of the island (9th century), applied the name “land of ice” after spotting a fjord full of drift ice to the north and spending a bitter winter on the island; he eventually settled on the island, however, after he saw how it greened up in the summer and that it was in fact habitable.
|Abbrevation: Iceland||Geographic coordinates:|
65 00 N, 18 00 W
|Country location: Arctic Region|
|Capital of Iceland: Reykjavík||GPS of the Capital:|
64 09 N 21 57 W
|Position: Northern Europe, island between the Greenland Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, northwest of The United Kingdom|
|Land area: total: 103,000 sq km; land: 100,250 sq km, water: 2,750 sq km||Terrain: mostly plateau interspersed with mountain peaks, icefields; coast deeply indented by bays and fiords||Area comparative: slightly smaller than Pennsylvania; about the same size as Kentucky|
|Population: 335,878 (July 2016 estimate)||Population grow rate: 1.17% (2016 estimate)||Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s) / female, 0-14 years: 1.05 male(s) / female, 15-24 years: 1.03 male(s) / female, 25-54 years: 1.02 male(s) / female, 55-64 years: 1.01 male(s) / female, 65 years and over: 0.88 male(s) / female, total population: 1.01 male(s) / female (2016 estimate)|
|Exports: $4.6 billion (2016 estimate), $4.653 billion (2015 estimate)||Imports: $5.024 billion (2016 estimate), $4.924 billion (2015 estimate)||Import partners: Norway 10.1%, Germany 8.6%, US 7.9%, China 7.9%, Denmark 7.1%, Netherlands 5.9%, Brazil 5.8%, UK 5% (2015)|
|Urbanization: urban population: 94.1% of the total population (2015)||Major urban area(s): REYKJAVÍK (capital) 184,000 (2014)||Median age: total: 36.3 years; male: 35.7 years, female: 36.9 years (2016 estimate)|
|Internet users: total: 326,000. Percent of the population: 98.2% (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (fixed lines): total subscriptions: 168,149. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 51 (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (mobile, cellular): total: 384,000. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 116 (July 2015 estimate)|
|Unemployment rate: 2.7% (2016 estimate)||Nationality: Icelander(s) adjective: Icelandic||National holidays: Independence Day, 17 June (1944)|
|Life expectancy at birth: total population: 83 years. Male: 80.9 years, female: 85.3 years (2016 estimate)||Total fertility rate: 2.01 children born / woman (2016 estimate)||Birthrate: 13.8 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate)|
|Literacy: N/A||Legal system: civil law system influenced by the Danish model||Suffrage: 18 years of age, universal|
|Industries: tourism, fish processing; aluminum smelting, ferrosilicon production; geothermal power, hydropower, tourism||Industrial production growth rate: 1.4% (2016 estimate)||GDP real growth rate: 4.9% (2016 estimate) 4% (2015 estimate) 2% (2014 estimate)|
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