|Borderline map of Macedonia||Location map of Macedonia||Flag of Macedonia|
Google maps and detailed facts of Macedonia, (MK). This page enables you to explore Macedonia and its border countries (Location: Southeastern Europe, north of Greece) through detailed Satellite imagery - fast and easy as never before Google maps.
Find comprehensive information below about this country in its diversity: geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government, and history - All in One Wiki page!
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Macedonia Google Map
The map below shows Macedonia with its cities, towns, highways, main roads, streets and also providing Street Views. To find a location use the form below, type any city or place and to view, just a simple map click on the "Show Map" button.
The Google map above is showing Macedonia with its location: Europe, (geographic coordinates: 41 50 N, 22 00 E) and the international borders of Macedonia; total: 838 km. Border countries (total: 5): Albania 181 km, Bulgaria 162 km, Greece 234 km, Kosovo 160 km, Serbia 101 km furthermore its inland counties boundaries.
Hint: Have a look at the Street view in Macedonia, or Europe. All you have to do is to drag and pull the little yellow man (named: Pegman) on the Google map above the desired location. After that whenever it is available (more than 50 countries in the world), blue stripes will appear to show the photos and details from Google’s regularly updated data image base.
The map of Macedonia, Europe is informational use only. No representation is made or warranty given as to any map or its content by Driving Directions and Maps site. User assumes all risk of use of this Macedonia Google map and facts/wiki.
About Macedonia in detail
Where is Macedonia?
Macedonia, in case if you are looking on the map under the Coordinates 42 00 N 21 26 E otherwise in Europe, in Southeastern Europe, north of Greece.
What is the capital of Macedonia?
The capital city of Macedonia is: Skopje.
What is the time in Skopje?
It is 6 hours ahead of Washington DC during Standard Time, the timezone of Skopje is: UTC+1.
What is the Internet code for Macedonia?
The Top Level Domain (TLD) for Macedonia is: .mk
What is the size of Macedonia?
The territory of Macedonia is total: 25,713 sq km; land: 25,433 sq km, water: 280 sq km.
If we want to describe the size of the territory of Macedonia is slightly larger than Vermont.
If we would like to walk around and discover Macedonia, we can do that by covering the distance of total: 838 km.
What is the water coverage of Macedonia?
We have mentioned already on this website, that what percentage of Macedonia is covered by water (see below), and this includes 0 km (landlocked country) coastline.
What is the climate like in Macedonia?
The climate of Macedonia is warm, dry summers and autumns: relatively cold winters with heavy snowfall.
Geographical data of Macedonia
The elevation of Macedonia; mean elevation: 741 m, elevation extremes; lowest point: Vardar River 50 m, highest point: Golem Korab (Maja e Korabit) 2,764 m.
The typical geographical details of Macedonia include mountainous with deep basins and valleys; three large lakes, each divided by a frontier line; country bisected by the Vardar River.
If we would like to describe the countries location from a different point of view, it is safe to say, and easy to read from a map, Macedonia is landlocked country; major transportation corridor from Western and Central Europe to Aegean Sea and Southern Europe to Western Europe.
Resources and land use of Macedonia
The country’s main mined products are low-grade iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, chromite, manganese, nickel, tungsten, gold, silver, asbestos, gypsum, timber, arable land. The population partly uses the earlier highlighted land territory and partly left in its natural state: agricultural land: 44.3%; arable land 16.4%; permanent crops 1.4%; permanent pasture 26.5%; forest: 39.8%; other: 15.9% (2011 estimate).
Population data of Macedonia
The number of inhabitants of Macedonia is 2,100,025 (July 2016 estimate).
If we examine the proportion of population distribution, it is safe to say that a fairly even distribution throughout most of the country, with urban areas attracting larger and denser populations.
If we are looking at the proportion of the urbanized and barely populated areas, these are the figures: urban population: 57.1% of total population (2015).
Most of the population in Macedonia is concentrated in SKOPJE (capital) 503,000 (2015).
Ethnicity in Macedonia
According to ethnicity details, the ethnic groups in this country are the following: Macedonian 64.2%, Albanian 25.2%, Turkish 3.9%, Roma (Gypsy) 2.7%, Serb 1.8%, other 2.2% (2002 estimate).
Spoken languages in Macedonia
The spoken languages in Macedonia are the following: Macedonian (official language) 66.5%, Albanian (official language) 25.1%, Turkish 3.5%, Roma 1.9%, Serbian 1.2%, other 1.8% (2002 estimate).
What are the most important religions in Macedonia?
During the general census, researchers examine the churches, according to this: Macedonian Orthodox 64.8%, Muslim 33.3%, other Christian 0.4%, other and unspecified 1.5% (2002 estimate).
Further population data of Macedonia
The proportion of gender and age tells a lot about the society as follows 0-14 years: 17.27% (male 187,752 / female 174,935) 15-24 years: 13.69% (male 148,340 / female 139,195) 25-54 years: 43.65% (male 465,622 / female 451,028) 55-64 years: 12.3% (male 126,548 / female 131,749) 65 years and over: 13.09% (male 117,787 / female 157,069) (2016 estimate). It also a significant factor in a society the population growth rate, which in the case of Macedonia is 0.18% (2016 estimate).
The population growth rate is based on two elements, the birth, and the death rate. In Macedonia the birth rate is 11.5 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate), the death rate 9.1 deaths / 1,000 population (2016 estimate).
In this day and age in the developed societies, the first child borns later compared to the previous centuries and decades, so the childbearing is extended. In Macedonia the average age of mothers at the first childbirth is .
In the best case scenario despite the fact that the birth of the children is postponed, the parents are still able to see their kids grow as the life expectancy is also extended. In the case of Macedonia, these figures are . With the introduction of modern medicine, the vaccinations and the proper hygienic conditions, the infant mortality rate is in a steep decline. The infant mortality statistics in Macedonia are the following: . Relevant data is the budget of healthcare, which is in the case of this country is 6.5% of GDP (2014).
Economic data of Macedonia
If we would like to describe a country, we also have to mention its economy; Since its independence in 1991, Macedonia has made progress in liberalizing its economy and improving its business environment, but has lagged the Balkan region in attracting foreign investment. Corruption and weak rule of law remain significant problems.Macedonia’s economy is closely linked to Europe as a customer for exports and source of investment, and has suffered as a result of prolonged weakness in the euro zone. Unemployment has remained consistently high at about 30% since 2008, but may be overstMacedonia maintained macroeconomic stability through the global financial crisis by conducting prudent monetary policy, which keeps the domestic currency pegged against the euro, and by limiting fiscal deficits. The government has been loosening fiscal po.
GDP is an important figure as all the relevant calculations and statistics are based on it. GDP in Macedonia is $10.49 billion (2015 estimate).
An another important indicator is the rate of the GDP growth, which in Macedonia is 2.2% (2016 estimate) 3.7% (2015 estimate) 3.5% (2014 estimate).
These statistics are affecting the world economy, remember in 2015 when the Chinese real GDP growth rate was worse than expected; The world markets fall, and the Chinese stock exchange was temporally suspended.
A further major factor of a country’s economy, the GDP per capita. In Macedonia this is $14,500 (2016 estimate) $14,200 (2015 estimate) $13,700 (2014 estimate).
In the case of the economy, the Trinity is in common places, such as agriculture, industry, and services.
What are the agricultural products Macedonia produces?
The main agricultural products of Macedonia are grapes, tobacco, vegetables, fruits; milk, eggs.
Regarding the economy, the important segments are food processing, beverages, textiles, chemicals, iron, steel, cement, energy, pharmaceuticals, automotive parts. The crucial and regularly mentioned GDP is based on food processing, beverages, textiles, chemicals, iron, steel, cement, energy, pharmaceuticals, automotive parts.
Drinking water source in Macedonia
It is important to mention, that - thanks to the development of the infrastructure -, the rate of potable water improved: urban: 99.8% of population, rural: 98.9% of population, total: 99.4% of population. Unimproved: urban: 0.2% of population, rural: 1.1% of population, total: 0.6% of population (2015 estimate).
Average number of childbirth in Macedonia
In Macedonia the average number of childbirth is 1.6 children born / woman (2016 estimate).
Population, median age, migration, and citizenship in Macedonia
The average age of the population is total: 37.5 years; male: 36.4 years, female: 38.6 years (2016 estimate). The age of adulthood varies in every country of the world in Macedonia it is 18 years of age, universal.
In this age when we are experiencing an unprecedented scale of migration and globalization, it is an important factor the number of new coming immigrants. In Macedonia is -0.5 migrant(s) / 1,000 population (2016 estimate). It is important to know, how to apply for citizenship: citizenship by birth: no. Citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Macedonia. Dual citizenship recognized: no. Residency requirement for naturalization: 8 years.
Is Macedonia a safe destination? Healthcare services and contagious diseases in Macedonia
Many of the travelers are looking into the healthcare services and contagious diseases of their destinations. In Macedonia density of the hospital beds is 4.5 beds / 1,000 population (2011).
According to WHO rating regarding contagious diseases in Macedonia the N/A.
However, the HIV is not curable but maintainable. Let’s do not forget when the disease surfaced it was a world threatening condition. Unfortunately, in some countries, it is still very high the number of infected patients and fatalities as a result of the disease.
In Macedonia the number of HIV/AIDS deaths: .
Regarding tourism the obesity, not an important issue, but we have to mention among the health statistics, as it is the plague of the 20th and the 21st century. The rate obese adults in Macedonia is 20.8% (2014).
What are the natural hazards Macedonia? Is there any?
The most known natural risks in Macedonia are high seismic risks.
More interesting facts about Macedonia
A few words about the past, as every country and society its connected to its history; Macedonia gained its independence peacefully from Yugoslavia in 1991. Greek objection to Macedonia’s name, insisting it implies territorial pretensions to the northern Greek province of the same name, and democratic backsliding have stalled the country’s movement toward Euro-Atlantic integration. Immediately after Macedonia declared independence, Greece sought to block Macedonian efforts to gain UN membership if the name “Macedonia” was used. Macedonia was eventually admitted to the UN in 1993 as “The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,” and at the same time it agreed to UN-sponsored negotiations on the name dispute. In 1995, Greece lifted a 20-month trade embargo and the two countries agreed to normalize relations, but the issue of the name remained unresolved and negotiations for a solution are ongoing. Since 2004, the US and over 130 other nations have recognized Macedonia by its constitutional name, Republic of Macedonia. Ethnic Albanian grievances over perceived political and economic inequities escalated into an insurgency in 2001 that eventually led to the internationally brokered Ohrid Framework Agreement (OFA), which ended the fighting and established guidelines for constitutional amendments and the creation of new laws that enhanced the rights of minorities. Relations between Macedonians and ethnic Albanians remain fragile, however.Macedonia has been engulfed in a political crisis that began after the 2014 legislative and presidential election, and which escalated in 2015 when opposition party began releasing wiretap content that it alleged showed widespread government corruption. Although Macedonia became an EU candidate in 2005, the country still faces challenges, including overcoming the political crisis, fully implementing OFA, resolving the outstanding name dispute with Greece, improving relations with Bulgaria, halting democratic backsliding, and stimulating economic growth and development. At the 2008 NATO Summit in Bucharest, Romania, the Allies agreed that Macedonia would be invited to join the Alliance as soon as a mutually acceptable resolution to the name dispute was reached with Greece..
In every nation's memory, there are cornerstones that placed the country on the timeline of history. The date of declaration of independence of Macedonia: 8 September 1991 (referendum by registered voters endorsed independence from Yugoslavia).
The flag and other symbols of Macedonia
The colors, symbols, and animals on the flag usually have a historical background or related to an important milestone or memory of the nation.
This case is not an exception either, a yellow sun (the Sun of Liberty) with eight broadening rays extending to the edges of the red field; the red and yellow colors have long been associated with Macedonia.
Apart from the flag, the symbol of the national unity is the national anthem. The main purpose of the anthem is to share the nation's core values, endeavors, and the patriotic feelings.
National symbols of Macedonia: eight-rayed sun; national colors: red, yellow.
Constitution of Macedonia
The existence of the nation based on the constitution. Some constitutions knew around the world, like the U.S. Constitution that accepted on 17th of September 1787, in Philadelphia, the Constitution of United States of America.
It is not related to the declaration of independence that was stolen by Nicolas Cage in the movie National Treasure 🙂
What is the legal system of Macedonia?
Most of the times the legal system of a country is in the focus of lawyers. It is a common fact that there are two main approaches in the world, “the law in books” and “the law in action.”
In the Anglo-Saxon world, the practice is the “law in action” while in the rest of the world where the law based on Roman law, the “law in books.”
The legal system of Macedonia is civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts.
It was Aristotle, who founded the theory of 3 separations of powers. In his view, these are the council of public affairs, the magistrates, and the justice system. In the age of enlightenment was the time when terminologies have been defined, the way we still use them. In most of the democratic countries, the three authorities are separated from each other. In dictatorships, the authorities are usually interwoven in one hand.
About the legislative branch of Macedonia, we can highlight the following structures unicameral Assembly or Sobranie (123 seats; 120 members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by proportional representation vote and 3 directly elected in diaspora constituencies worldwide by simple majority vote; members serve 4-year terms)elections: last held on 11 December 2016 (next to be held in 2020)election results: percent of vote by party - VMRO-DPMNE 39.4%, SDSM coalition 37.9%, BDI 7.5%, Besa Movement 5.0%, Alliance for Albanians 3.1%, PDSh 2.7%, other 4.4%; seats by party - VMRO-DPMNE 51, SDSM coalition 49, BDI 10, Besa Movement 5, Alliance for Albanians 3, PDSh 2.
About the unemployment rate, labor force, and poverty line in Macedonia
One of the major problems of the 21st-century economy is the unemployment. Governments are struggling to maintain a low level of the unemployment rate, but as a result of automation, the cheap 3rd world labor and the outsourcing of workflow, these attempts are failing. In Macedonia the labor force is 957,400 (2016 estimate). Please bear in mind that the population in Macedonia is total: 7.5 deaths / 1,000 live births; male: 7.8 deaths / 1,000 live births, female: 7.2 deaths / 1,000 live births (2016 estimate) - as we already mentioned above.
The rate of unemployment in Macedonia is 24.9% (2016 estimate).
It is widely known that the gap between the rich and poor is widening on an enormous scale.
According to the 2017 shocking Oxfam report, the richest eight people’s fortune is equal to the fortune of the poorest half of the world's population.
In Macedonia, the income of the households and consumption compared to the entire population: lowest 10%: 2.2% highhest 10%: 34.5% (2009 estimate).
Another widely used indicator is the so-called GINI index, which measures the inequalities of statistical dispersion, but mainly used for measuring the sharing of income and fortune.
The GINI index is named after its founder Corrado Gini an Italian economist. Gini index has grades between 0-1, but often it is used on a percentage basis. It is 0 if the examined criteria territorial distribution is equal. It is one if the criteria is concentrated on the territory. In Macedonia the GINI index is .43,6 (2013).
The states usually set up a poverty line, which is more or less is a subjective measure. It varies by country its base is often the minimum pension, the incomes of the poorest 20 percent, the X percent of income per capita Etc.
In Macedonia the people living under the poverty line is lowest 10%: 2.2% highhest 10%: 34.5% (2009 estimate).
About the budget and central governments debt of Macedonia
Available budget mainly defines the state's economy. The budget of Macedonia is; revenues: $3.063 billion, expenditures: $3.44 billion (2016 estimate). Taxes and other revenues are 29.2% of GDP (2016 estimate).
The budget deficit (Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)) is .
The fiscal year in Macedonia is calendar year.
In country’s economy, we have to consider the public debt. Public debt is the consolidated sum of the state local, federal and central governments debt.
Inflation rate and prime lending rate in Macedonia
A few further interesting and important economic data are the fallowing; Inflation rate: -0.1% (2016 estimate), -0.2% (2015 estimate) and the rate of the Commercial bank prime lending rate: 7.1% (31 December 2016 estimate).
Export/import partners and data of Macedonia
Macedonia, with the export of products, industrial tools, and other services, generates revenue. The export value in Macedonia is: $3.166 billion (2016 estimate), $3.372 billion (2015 estimate). The total revenue of these activities: foodstuffs, beverages, tobacco; textiles, miscellaneous manufactures, iron, steel; automotive parts.
The most important export partners of Macedonia are the Germany 33.2%, Kosovo 11.5%, Bulgaria 5.1%, Greece 4.5% (2015).
The most important imported products are: machinery and equipment, automobiles, chemicals, fuels, food products, and the countries from where the import is coming: Germany 15.9%, UK 13.6%, Greece 10.9%, Serbia 8.7%, Bulgaria 6.7%, Turkey 5.5%, Italy 4.7% (2015).
Renewable energies used in Macedonia
As an attempt to suppress the pollution of the environment, renewable energies has to replace the fossil energy. The more the proportion of renewable energies in a country means more effort against the pollution. Macedonia, the indicator of how much of country’s produced energy is coming from hydroelectric source is 33% of total installed capacity (2014 estimate).
To indicate how much another renewable energy is produced is the 2.6% of total installed capacity (2014 estimate).
Telecommunication data of Macedonia, calling code
To maintain the economy, the development of a reliable and modern telecommunications infrastructure is crucial. We can say the following about Macedonia; competition from the mobile-cellular segment of the telecommunications market has led to a drop in fixed-line telephone subscriptionsdomestic: combined fixed-line and mobile-cellular telephone subscribership about 120 per 100 personsinternational: country code - 389 (2015).
Transport infrastructure in Macedonia
In the 21st century, we often say that the world has become small and there are no distances anymore. With widespread air travel when (sometimes) there are no visa restrictions, it is easy to reach other countries, but in case the distance is not too long, we can also use railway or water transportation.
The number of airports in Macedonia: 10 (2013), and the number of heliports: N/A.
The total length of the roadways in Macedonia: total: 14,182 km (includes 242 km of expressways), paved: 9,633 km, unpaved: 4,549 km (2014).
The total length of the waterways in Macedonia: N/A.
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Facts about Macedonia
Name of the country: conventional long form: Republic of Macedonia, conventional short form: Macedonia, local long form: Republika Makedonija, local short form: Makedonija. Note: the provisional designation used by the UN, EU, and NATO is the "former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia" (FYROM), former: People's Republic of Macedonia, Socialist Republic of Macedonia, etymology: the country name derives from the ancient kingdom of Macedon (7th to 2nd centuries B.C.).
|Abbrevation: Macedonia||Geographic coordinates:
41 50 N, 22 00 E
|Capital of Macedonia: Skopje||GPS of the Capital:
42 00 N 21 26 E
|Position: Southeastern Europe, north of Greece|
|Land area: total: 25,713 sq km; land: 25,433 sq km, water: 280 sq km||Terrain: mountainous with deep basins and valleys; three large lakes, each divided by a frontier line; country bisected by the Vardar River
||Area comparative: slightly larger than Vermont|
|Population: 2,100,025 (July 2016 estimate)||Population grow rate: 0.18% (2016 estimate)||Sex ratio: at birth: 1.08 male(s) / female, 0-14 years: 1.07 male(s) / female, 15-24 years: 1.07 male(s) / female, 25-54 years: 1.03 male(s) / female, 55-64 years: 0.96 male(s) / female, 65 years and over: 0.75 male(s) / female, total population: 0.99 male(s) / female, (2016 estimate)|
|Exports: $3.166 billion (2016 estimate), $3.372 billion (2015 estimate)||Imports: $5.011 billion (2016 estimate), $5.393 billion (2015 estimate)||Import partners: Germany 15.9%, UK 13.6%, Greece 10.9%, Serbia 8.7%, Bulgaria 6.7%, Turkey 5.5%, Italy 4.7% (2015)|
|Urbanization: urban population: 57.1% of total population (2015)||Major urban area(s): SKOPJE (capital) 503,000 (2015)||Median age: total: 37.5 years; male: 36.4 years, female: 38.6 years (2016 estimate)
|Internet users: 1.475 million70.4% (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (fixed lines): total subscriptions: 372,557. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 18 (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (mobile, cellular): total: 2.223 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 106 (July 2015 estimate)|
|Unemployment rate: 24.9% (2016 estimate)||Nationality: Macedonian(s) adjective: Macedonian||National holidays: Independence Day, 8 September (1991); also known as National Day|
|Life expectancy at birth: total population: 76.2 years. Male: 73.6 years, female: 79 years (2016 estimate)||Total fertility rate: 1.6 children born / woman (2016 estimate)||Birthrate: 11.5 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate)|
|Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write. Total population: 97.8%; male: 98.8%, female: 96.8% (2015 estimate)||Legal system: civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts||Suffrage: 18 years of age, universal|
|Industries: food processing, beverages, textiles, chemicals, iron, steel, cement, energy, pharmaceuticals, automotive parts||Industrial production growth rate: 3.1% (2016 estimate)||GDP real growth rate: 2.2% (2016 estimate) 3.7% (2015 estimate) 3.5% (2014 estimate)|
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