|Borderline map of Suriname||Location map of Suriname||Flag of Suriname|
Google maps and detailed facts of Suriname, (SR). This page enables you to explore Suriname and its border countries (Location: Northern South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between French Guiana and Guyana) through detailed Satellite imagery - fast and easy as never before Google maps.
Find comprehensive information below about this country in its diversity: geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government, and history - All in One Wiki page!
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Suriname Google Map
The map below shows Suriname with its cities, towns, highways, main roads, streets and also providing Street Views. To find a location use the form below, type any city or place and to view, just a simple map click on the "Show Map" button.
The Google map above is showing Suriname with its location: South America, (geographic coordinates: 4 00 N, 56 00 W) and the international borders of Suriname; total: 1,907 km. Border countries (total: 3): Brazil 515 km, French Guiana 556 km, Guyana 836 km furthermore its inland counties boundaries.
Hint: Have a look at the Street view in Suriname, or South America. All you have to do is to drag and pull the little yellow man (named: Pegman) on the Google map above the desired location. After that whenever it is available (more than 50 countries in the world), blue stripes will appear to show the photos and details from Google’s regularly updated data image base.
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About Suriname in detail
Where is Suriname?
Suriname, in case if you are looking on the map under the Coordinates 5 50 N 55 10 W otherwise in South America, in Northern South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between French Guiana and Guyana.
What is the capital of Suriname?
The capital city of Suriname is: Paramaribo.
What is the time in Paramaribo?
It is 2 hours ahead of Washington DC during Standard Time, the timezone of Paramaribo is: UTC-3.
What is the Internet code for Suriname?
The Top Level Domain (TLD) for Suriname is: .sr
What is the size of Suriname?
The territory of Suriname is total: 163,820 sq km; land: 156,000 sq km, water: 7,820 sq km.
If we want to describe the size of the territory of Suriname is slightly larger than Georgia.
If we would like to walk around and discover Suriname, we can do that by covering the distance of total: 1,907 km.
What is the water coverage of Suriname?
We have mentioned already on this website, that what percentage of Suriname is covered by water (see below), and this includes 386 km coastline.
What is the climate like in Suriname?
The climate of Suriname is tropical: moderated by trade winds.
Geographical data of Suriname
The elevation of Suriname; mean elevation: 246 m, elevation extremes; lowest point: unnamed location in the coastal plain -2 m, highest point: Juliana Top 1,230 m.
The typical geographical details of Suriname include mostly rolling hills; narrow coastal plain with swamps.
If we would like to describe the countries location from a different point of view, it is safe to say, and easy to read from a map, Suriname is smallest independent country on South American continent; mostly tropical rain forest; great diversity of flora and fauna that, for the most part, is increasingly threatened by new development; relatively small population, mostly along the coast.
Resources and land use of Suriname
The country’s main mined products are timber, hydropower, fish, kaolin, shrimp, bauxite, gold, and small amounts of nickel, copper, platinum, iron ore. The population partly uses the earlier highlighted land territory and partly left in its natural state: agricultural land: 0.5%; arable land 0.4%; permanent crops 0%; permanent pasture 0.1%; forest: 94.6%; other: 4.9% (2011 estimate).
Population data of Suriname
The number of inhabitants of Suriname is 585,824 (July 2016 estimate).
If we examine the proportion of population distribution, it is safe to say that population concentrated along the nothern coastal strip; the remainder of the country is sparsely populated.
If we are looking at the proportion of the urbanized and barely populated areas, these are the figures: urban population: 66% of total population (2015).
Most of the population in Suriname is concentrated in PARAMARIBO (capital) 234,000 (2014).
Ethnicity in Suriname
According to ethnicity details, the ethnic groups in this country are the following: Hindustani (also known locally as "East Indians"; their ancestors emigrated from northern India in the latter part of the 19th century) 37%, Creole (mixed white and black) 31%, Javanese 15%, "Maroons" (their African ancestors were brought to the country in the 17th and 18th centuries as slaves and escaped to the interior) 10%, Amerindian 2%, Chinese 2%, white 1%, other 2%.
Spoken languages in Suriname
The spoken languages in Suriname are the following: Dutch (official language), English (widely spoken), Sranang Tongo (Surinamese, sometimes called Taki-Taki, is native language of Creoles and much of the younger population and is lingua franca among others), Caribbean Hindustani (a dialect of Hindi), Javanese.
What are the most important religions in Suriname?
During the general census, researchers examine the churches, according to this: Hindu 27.4%, Protestant 25.2% (predominantly Moravian), Roman Catholic 22.8%, Muslim 19.6%, indigenous beliefs 5%.
Further population data of Suriname
The proportion of gender and age tells a lot about the society as follows 0-14 years: 25.15% (male 75,088 / female 72,261) 15-24 years: 17.46% (male 52,129 / female 50,141) 25-54 years: 44.36% (male 132,334 / female 127,562) 55-64 years: 7.16% (male 20,564 / female 21,394) 65 years and over: 5.86% (male 14,848 / female 19,503) (2016 estimate). It also a significant factor in a society the population growth rate, which in the case of Suriname is 1.05% (2016 estimate).
The population growth rate is based on two elements, the birth, and the death rate. In Suriname the birth rate is 16 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate), the death rate 6.1 deaths / 1,000 population (2016 estimate).
In this day and age in the developed societies, the first child borns later compared to the previous centuries and decades, so the childbearing is extended. In Suriname the average age of mothers at the first childbirth is .
In the best case scenario despite the fact that the birth of the children is postponed, the parents are still able to see their kids grow as the life expectancy is also extended. In the case of Suriname, these figures are . With the introduction of modern medicine, the vaccinations and the proper hygienic conditions, the infant mortality rate is in a steep decline. The infant mortality statistics in Suriname are the following: . Relevant data is the budget of healthcare, which is in the case of this country is 5.7% of GDP (2014).
Economic data of Suriname
If we would like to describe a country, we also have to mention its economy; The economy is dominated by the mining industry, with exports of oil, gold, and alumina accounting for about 85% of exports and 27% of government revenues, making the economy highly vulnerable to mineral price volatility.Economic growth declined annually from just under 5% in 2012 to -7% in 2016. In January 2011, the government devalued the currency by 20% and raised taxes to reduce the budget deficit. As a result of these measures, inflation receded to less than 4% in 20Suriname's economic prospects for the medium term will depend on continued commitment to responsible monetary and fiscal policies and to the introduction of structural reforms to liberalize markets and promote competition. The government's reliance on rev.
GDP is an important figure as all the relevant calculations and statistics are based on it. GDP in Suriname is $4.137 billion (2015 estimate).
An another important indicator is the rate of the GDP growth, which in Suriname is -7% (2016 estimate) -0.3% (2015 estimate) 1.8% (2014 estimate).
These statistics are affecting the world economy, remember in 2015 when the Chinese real GDP growth rate was worse than expected; The world markets fall, and the Chinese stock exchange was temporally suspended.
A further major factor of a country’s economy, the GDP per capita. In Suriname this is $15,200 (2016 estimate) $16,500 (2015 estimate) $16,500 (2014 estimate).
In the case of the economy, the Trinity is in common places, such as agriculture, industry, and services.
What are the agricultural products Suriname produces?
The main agricultural products of Suriname are rice, bananas, palm kernels, coconuts, plantains, peanuts; beef, chickens; shrimp; forest products.
Regarding the economy, the important segments are bauxite and gold mining, alumina production; oil, lumbering, food processing, fishing. The crucial and regularly mentioned GDP is based on bauxite and gold mining, alumina production; oil, lumbering, food processing, fishing.
Drinking water source in Suriname
It is important to mention, that - thanks to the development of the infrastructure -, the rate of potable water improved: urban: 98.1% of population, rural: 88.4% of population, total: 94.8% of population. Unimproved: urban: 1.9% of population, rural: 11.6% of population, total: 5.2% of population (2015 estimate).
Average number of childbirth in Suriname
In Suriname the average number of childbirth is 1.95 children born / woman (2016 estimate).
Population, median age, migration, and citizenship in Suriname
The average age of the population is total: 29.5 years; male: 29.1 years, female: 29.9 years (2016 estimate). The age of adulthood varies in every country of the world in Suriname it is 18 years of age, universal.
In this age when we are experiencing an unprecedented scale of migration and globalization, it is an important factor the number of new coming immigrants. In Suriname is 0.6 migrant(s) / 1,000 population (2016 estimate). It is important to know, how to apply for citizenship: citizenship by birth: no. Citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Suriname. Dual citizenship recognized: no. Residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years.
Is Suriname a safe destination? Healthcare services and contagious diseases in Suriname
Many of the travelers are looking into the healthcare services and contagious diseases of their destinations. In Suriname density of the hospital beds is 3.1 beds / 1,000 population (2010).
According to WHO rating regarding contagious diseases in Suriname the degree of risk: very highfood or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fevervectorborne disease: dengue fever and malaria. Note: active local transmission of Zika virus by Aedes species mosquitoes has been identified in this country (as of August 2016); it poses an important risk (a large number of cases possible) among US citizens if bitten by an infective mosquito; other less common ways to get Zika are through sex, via blood transfusion, or during pregnancy, in which the pregnant woman passes Zika virus to her fetus (2016).
However, the HIV is not curable but maintainable. Let’s do not forget when the disease surfaced it was a world threatening condition. Unfortunately, in some countries, it is still very high the number of infected patients and fatalities as a result of the disease.
In Suriname the number of HIV/AIDS deaths: .
Regarding tourism the obesity, not an important issue, but we have to mention among the health statistics, as it is the plague of the 20th and the 21st century. The rate obese adults in Suriname is 26.1% (2014).
What are the natural hazards Suriname? Is there any?
The most known natural risks in Suriname are N/A.
More interesting facts about Suriname
A few words about the past, as every country and society its connected to its history; First explored by the Spaniards in the 16th century and then settled by the English in the mid-17th century, Suriname became a Dutch colony in 1667. With the abolition of African slavery in 1863, workers were brought in from India and Java. The Netherlands granted the colony independence in 1975. Five years later the civilian government was replaced by a military regime that soon declared a socialist republic. It continued to exert control through a succession of nominally civilian administrations until 1987, when international pressure finally forced a democratic election. In 1990, the military overthrew the civilian leadership, but a democratically elected government - a four-party coalition - returned to power in 1991. The coalition expanded to eight parties in 2005 and ruled until August 2010, when voters returned former military leader Desire BOUTERSE and his opposition coalition to power. President BOUTERSE was reelected unopposed in 2015..
In every nation's memory, there are cornerstones that placed the country on the timeline of history. The date of declaration of independence of Suriname: 25 November 1975 (from the Netherlands).
The flag and other symbols of Suriname
The colors, symbols, and animals on the flag usually have a historical background or related to an important milestone or memory of the nation.
This case is not an exception either, five horizontal bands of green (top, double width), white, red (quadruple width), white, and green (double width); a large, yellow, five-pointed star is centered in the red band; red stands for progress and love; green symbolizes hope and fertility; white signifies peace, justice, and freedom; the star represents the unity of all ethnic groups; from its yellow light the nation draws strength to bear sacrifices patiently while working toward a golden future.
Apart from the flag, the symbol of the national unity is the national anthem. The main purpose of the anthem is to share the nation's core values, endeavors, and the patriotic feelings.
National symbols of Suriname: royal palm, faya lobi (flower); national colors: green, white, red, yellow.
Constitution of Suriname
The existence of the nation based on the constitution. Some constitutions knew around the world, like the U.S. Constitution that accepted on 17th of September 1787, in Philadelphia, the Constitution of United States of America.
It is not related to the declaration of independence that was stolen by Nicolas Cage in the movie National Treasure 🙂
What is the legal system of Suriname?
Most of the times the legal system of a country is in the focus of lawyers. It is a common fact that there are two main approaches in the world, “the law in books” and “the law in action.”
In the Anglo-Saxon world, the practice is the “law in action” while in the rest of the world where the law based on Roman law, the “law in books.”
The legal system of Suriname is civil law system influenced by Dutch civil law; note - the Commissie Nieuw Surinaamse Burgerlijk Wetboek completed drafting a new civil code in February 2009.
It was Aristotle, who founded the theory of 3 separations of powers. In his view, these are the council of public affairs, the magistrates, and the justice system. In the age of enlightenment was the time when terminologies have been defined, the way we still use them. In most of the democratic countries, the three authorities are separated from each other. In dictatorships, the authorities are usually interwoven in one hand.
About the legislative branch of Suriname, we can highlight the following structures unicameral National Assembly or Nationale Assemblee (51 seats; members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by proportional representation vote to serve 5-year terms)elections: last held on 25 May 2015 (next to be held in May 2020)election results: percent of vote by party - NDP 45.5%, V7 37.2%, A-Com 10.5%, DOE 4.3%, PALU .7%, other 1.7%; seats by party - NDP 26, V7 18, A-Com 5, DOE 1, PALU 1.
About the unemployment rate, labor force, and poverty line in Suriname
One of the major problems of the 21st-century economy is the unemployment. Governments are struggling to maintain a low level of the unemployment rate, but as a result of automation, the cheap 3rd world labor and the outsourcing of workflow, these attempts are failing. In Suriname the labor force is 165,600 (2007 estimate). Please bear in mind that the population in Suriname is total: 25.3 deaths / 1,000 live births; male: 29.5 deaths / 1,000 live births, female: 20.9 deaths / 1,000 live births (2016 estimate) - as we already mentioned above.
The rate of unemployment in Suriname is 8.9% (2014 estimate).
It is widely known that the gap between the rich and poor is widening on an enormous scale.
According to the 2017 shocking Oxfam report, the richest eight people’s fortune is equal to the fortune of the poorest half of the world's population.
In Suriname, the income of the households and consumption compared to the entire population: lowest 10%: NA% highhest 10%: NA%.
Another widely used indicator is the so-called GINI index, which measures the inequalities of statistical dispersion, but mainly used for measuring the sharing of income and fortune.
The GINI index is named after its founder Corrado Gini an Italian economist. Gini index has grades between 0-1, but often it is used on a percentage basis. It is 0 if the examined criteria territorial distribution is equal. It is one if the criteria is concentrated on the territory. In Suriname the GINI index is N/A.
The states usually set up a poverty line, which is more or less is a subjective measure. It varies by country its base is often the minimum pension, the incomes of the poorest 20 percent, the X percent of income per capita Etc.
In Suriname the people living under the poverty line is lowest 10%: NA% highhest 10%: NA%.
About the budget and central governments debt of Suriname
Available budget mainly defines the state's economy. The budget of Suriname is; revenues: $469.9 million, expenditures: $664.3 million (2016 estimate). Taxes and other revenues are 11.4% of GDP (2016 estimate).
The budget deficit (Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)) is .
The fiscal year in Suriname is calendar year.
In country’s economy, we have to consider the public debt. Public debt is the consolidated sum of the state local, federal and central governments debt.
Inflation rate and prime lending rate in Suriname
A few further interesting and important economic data are the fallowing; Inflation rate: 39% (2016 estimate), 3% (2015 estimate) and the rate of the Commercial bank prime lending rate: 13.6% (31 December 2016 estimate).
Export/import partners and data of Suriname
Suriname, with the export of products, industrial tools, and other services, generates revenue. The export value in Suriname is: $1.699 billion (2016 estimate), $1.666 billion (2015 estimate). The total revenue of these activities: alumina, gold, crude oil, lumber, shrimp and fish, rice, bananas.
The most important imported products are: capital equipment, petroleum, foodstuffs, cotton, consumer goods, and the countries from where the import is coming: US 26.8%, Netherlands 14.3%, China 12.2%, Trinidad and Tobago 7.4%, Japan 4.8% (2015).
Renewable energies used in Suriname
As an attempt to suppress the pollution of the environment, renewable energies has to replace the fossil energy. The more the proportion of renewable energies in a country means more effort against the pollution. Suriname, the indicator of how much of country’s produced energy is coming from hydroelectric source is 45.9% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
To indicate how much another renewable energy is produced is the 0% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
Telecommunication data of Suriname, calling code
To maintain the economy, the development of a reliable and modern telecommunications infrastructure is crucial. We can say the following about Suriname; international facilities are gooddomestic: combined fixed-line and mobile-cellular teledensity 185 telephones per 100 persons; microwave radio relay networkinternational: country code - 597; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean) (2015).
Transport infrastructure in Suriname
In the 21st century, we often say that the world has become small and there are no distances anymore. With widespread air travel when (sometimes) there are no visa restrictions, it is easy to reach other countries, but in case the distance is not too long, we can also use railway or water transportation.
The number of airports in Suriname: 55 (2013), and the number of heliports: N/A.
The total length of the roadways in Suriname: total: 4,304 km, paved: 1,130 km, unpaved: 3,174 km (2003).
The total length of the waterways in Suriname: 1,200 km (most navigable by ships with drafts up to 7 m) (2011).
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Facts about Suriname
Name of the country: conventional long form: Republic of Suriname, conventional short form: Suriname, local long form: Republiek Suriname, local short form: Suriname, former: Netherlands Guiana, Dutch Guiana, etymology: name may derive from the indigenous "Surinen" people who inhabited the area at the time of European contact.
|Abbrevation: Suriname||Geographic coordinates:
4 00 N, 56 00 W
|Location: South America|
|Capital of Suriname: Paramaribo||GPS of the Capital:
5 50 N 55 10 W
|Position: Northern South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between French Guiana and Guyana|
|Land area: total: 163,820 sq km; land: 156,000 sq km, water: 7,820 sq km||Terrain: mostly rolling hills; narrow coastal plain with swamps
||Area comparative: slightly larger than Georgia|
|Population: 585,824 (July 2016 estimate)||Population grow rate: 1.05% (2016 estimate)||Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s) / female, 0-14 years: 1.04 male(s) / female, 15-24 years: 1.04 male(s) / female, 25-54 years: 1.04 male(s) / female, 55-64 years: 0.96 male(s) / female, 65 years and over: 0.76 male(s) / female, total population: 1.01 male(s) / female, (2016 estimate)|
|Exports: $1.699 billion (2016 estimate), $1.666 billion (2015 estimate)||Imports: $1.914 billion (2016 estimate), $1.973 billion (2015 estimate)||Import partners: US 26.8%, Netherlands 14.3%, China 12.2%, Trinidad and Tobago 7.4%, Japan 4.8% (2015)|
|Urbanization: urban population: 66% of total population (2015)||Major urban area(s): PARAMARIBO (capital) 234,000 (2014)||Median age: total: 29.5 years; male: 29.1 years, female: 29.9 years (2016 estimate)
|Internet users: total: 248,000. Percent of population: 42.8% (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (fixed lines): total subscriptions: 85,000. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 15 (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (mobile, cellular): total: 991,000. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 171 (July 2015 estimate)|
|Unemployment rate: 8.9% (2014 estimate)||Nationality: Surinamer(s) adjective: Surinamese||National holidays: Independence Day, 25 November (1975)|
|Life expectancy at birth: total population: 72.2 years. Male: 69.8 years, female: 74.8 years (2016 estimate)||Total fertility rate: 1.95 children born / woman (2016 estimate)||Birthrate: 16 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate)|
|Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write. Total population: 95.6%; male: 96.1%, female: 95% (2015 estimate)||Legal system: civil law system influenced by Dutch civil law; note - the Commissie Nieuw Surinaamse Burgerlijk Wetboek completed drafting a new civil code in February 2009||Suffrage: 18 years of age, universal|
|Industries: bauxite and gold mining, alumina production; oil, lumbering, food processing, fishing||Industrial production growth rate: -2% (2016 estimate)||GDP real growth rate: -7% (2016 estimate) -0.3% (2015 estimate) 1.8% (2014 estimate)|
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