|Borderline map of New Caledonia||Location map of New Caledonia||Flag of New Caledonia|
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New Caledonia Google maps™
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About New Caledonia in detail
Where is New Caledonia?
New Caledonia, in case, if you are looking on the map under the Coordinates 22 16 S 166 27 E otherwise in Oceania, in Oceania, islands in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Australia.
What is the capital city of New Caledonia?
The capital city of New Caledonia is: Noumea.
What is the time in Noumea?
It is 16 hours ahead of Washington, D.C. during Standard Time; the timezone of Noumea is: UTC+11.
What is the Internet code for New Caledonia?
The Top Level Domain (TLD) for New Caledonia is: .nc
What is the size of New Caledonia?
The territory of New Caledonia is total: 18,575 sq km; land: 18,275 sq km, water: 300 sq km.
If we want to describe the size of the territory of New Caledonia is somewhat smaller than New Jersey.
If we would like to walk around and discover New Caledonia, we can cover a distance of 0 km.
What is the water coverage of New Caledonia?
We have already mentioned what percentage of New Caledonia is covered by water (see below), and this includes 2,254 km coastline.
What is the climate like in New Caledonia?
The climate of New Caledonia is tropical: modified by southeast trade winds: hot, humid.
Geographical data of New Caledonia
The elevation of New Caledonia; mean elevation: N/A, elevation extremes; lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m, highest point: Mont Panie 1,628 m.
The specific geographical details of New Caledonia include coastal plains with interior mountains.
Suppose we would like to describe the countries location from a different perspective. In that case, it is safe to say, and easy to read from a map, New Caledonia is consists of the main island of New Caledonia (one of the largest in the Pacific Ocean), the archipelago of Iles Loyaute, and numerous small, sparsely populated islands and atolls.
Resources and land use of New Caledonia
The country’s main mined products are nickel, chrome, iron, cobalt, manganese, silver, gold, lead, copper. The population partly uses the earlier highlighted land territory and partly left in its natural state: agricultural land: 10.4%; arable land 0.4%; permanent crops 0.2%; permanent pasture 9.8%; forest: 45.9%; other: 43.7% (2011 estimate).
Population data of New Caledonia
The number of inhabitants of New Caledonia is 275,355 (July 2016 estimate).
If we examine the proportion of the population distribution, it is safe to say that N/A.
If we look at the proportion of the urbanized and barely populated areas, these are the figures: urban population: 70.2% of the total population (2015).
Most of the population in New Caledonia is concentrated in NOUMEA (capital) 181,000 (2014).
Ethnicity in New Caledonia
According to ethnicity details, the ethnic groups are Kanak 40.3%, European 29.2%, Wallisian, Futunian 8.7%, Tahitian 2%, Indonesian 1.6%, Vietnamese 1%, Ni-Vanuatu 0.9%, other 16.2% (2009 estimate).
Spoken languages in New Caledonia
The spoken languages in New Caledonia are the following: French (official language), 33 Melanesian-Polynesian dialects.
What are the most important religions in New Caledonia?
During the general census, researchers examine the churches, according to this: Roman Catholic 60%, Protestant 30%, other 10%.
Further population data of New Caledonia
The proportion of gender and age tells a lot about the society as follows 0-14 years: 22.78% (male 32,057 / female 30,681) 15-24 years: 16.7% (male 23,496 / female 22,500) 25-54 years: 43.26% (male 59,986 / female 59,127) 55-64 years: 8.29% (male 11,085 / female 11,739) 65 years and over: 8.96% (male 10,979 / female 13,705) (2016 estimate). It also a significant factor in a society the population growth rate, which in the case of New Caledonia is 1.35% (2016 estimate).
The population growth rate is based on two elements, the birth, and the death rate. In New Caledonia the birth rate is 15.2 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate), the death rate 5.6 deaths / 1,000 population (2016 estimate).
In this day and age in developed societies, the first child borns later compared to the previous centuries and decades, so childbearing is extended. In New Caledonia, the average age of mothers at the first childbirth is N/A.
In the best-case scenario, although the children’s birth is postponed, the parents can still see their kids grow as life expectancy also extended. In the case of New Caledonia, these figures are. With the introduction of modern medicine, vaccinations, and the proper hygienic conditions, the infant mortality rate is in a steep decline. The infant mortality statistics in New Caledonia are the following: N/A. Relevant data is the budget of healthcare, which is in the case of this country is N/A.
Economic data of New Caledonia
Suppose we would like to describe a country, we also have to mention its economy; New Caledonia has about 25% of the world’s known nickel reserves. Only a small amount of the land is suitable for cultivation, and food accounts for about 20% of imports. In addition to nickel, substantial financial support from France – equal to more thaDuring 2009-10, France sent more development assistance to New Caledonia than to any of its other overseas territories. In October 2014, French Prime Minster Manuel VALLS confirmed financial support to New Caledonia totaling $500 million for the period 20Substantial new investment in the nickel industry — including two major new plants – combined with the recovery of global nickel prices, has brightened the economic outlook for the next several years. In 2015, New Caledonia helped fill China’s shortfall i.
GDP is a prominent figure, as all the relevant calculations and statistics are based on it. GDP in New Caledonia is $11.1 billion (2014 estimate).
Another important indicator is the rate of GDP growth, which in New Caledonia is 2.8% (2014 estimate) 2.2% (2013)2.9% (2012).
These statistics are affecting the world economy; remember in 2015, the Chinese real GDP growth rate was worse than expected; The world markets fall, and the Chinese stock exchange was temporally suspended.
A further major factor of a country’s economy, the GDP per capita. In New Caledonia this is $38,800 (2012 estimate) $36,500 (2010 estimate) $27,300 (2005).
In the economy, the Trinity is in common places, such as agriculture, industry, and services.
What are the agricultural products New Caledonia produces?
The main agricultural products of New Caledonia are vegetables; beef, venison, other livestock products; fish.
Regarding the economy, the essential segments are nickel mining and smelting. The crucial and regularly mentioned GDP is based on nickel mining and smelting.
Drinking water source in New Caledonia
It is essential to mention that – thanks to the development of the infrastructure -, the rate of potable water improved: urban: 98.5% of the population, rural: 98.5% of the population, total: 98.5% of the population. Unimproved: urban: 1.5% of the population, rural: 1.5% of the population, total: 1.5% of the population (2015 estimate).
The average number of childbirth in New Caledonia
In New Caledonia, the average delivery number is 1.95 children born / woman (2016 estimate).
Population, median age, migration, and citizenship in New Caledonia
The average age of the population is 31.7 years; male: 31 years, female: 32.4 years (2016 estimate). The age of adulthood varies in every country of the world in New Caledonia, it is 18 years of age, universal.
When we are experiencing an unprecedented scale of migration and globalization, it is an important factor in the number of new immigrants. In New Caledonia is 4 migrant(s) / 1,000 population. Note: there has been steady emigration from Wallis and Futuna to New Caledonia (2016 estimate). It is important to know, how to apply for citizenship: see France.
Is New Caledonia a safe destination? Healthcare services and infectious diseases in New Caledonia
Many of the travelers are looking into the healthcare services and infectious diseases of their destinations. In New Caledonia, the hospital beds’ density is N/A.
According to the WHO rating regarding contagious diseases in New Caledonia the note: active local transmission of Zika virus by Aedes species mosquitoes has been identified in this country (as of August 2016); it poses an important risk (a large number of cases possible) among US citizens if bitten by an infective mosquito; other less common ways to get Zika are through sex, via blood transfusion, or during pregnancy, in which the pregnant woman passes Zika virus to her fetus (2016).
However, HIV is not curable but maintainable. Let’s do not forget when the disease surfaced; it was a world threatening condition. Unfortunately, in some countries, it is still very high the number of infected patients and fatalities due to the disease.
In New Caledonia the number of HIV/AIDS deaths: N/A.
Regarding tourism obesity, not an important issue, but we have to mention health statistics, as it is the plague of the 20th and the 21st century. The rate of obese adults in New Caledonia is N/A.
What are the natural hazards in New Caledonia? Is there any?
The most known natural risk in New Caledonia are cyclones, most frequent from November to Marchvolcanism: Matthew and Hunter Islands are historically active.
More interesting facts about New Caledonia
A few words about the past, as every country and society, is connected to its history; Settled by both Britain and France during the first half of the 19th century, the island became a French possession in 1853. It served as a penal colony for four decades after 1864. Agitation for independence during the 1980s and early 1990s ended in the 1998 Noumea Accord, which over a period of 15 to 20 years will transfer an increasing amount of governing responsibility from France to New Caledonia. The agreement also commits France to conduct a referendum between 2014 and 2018 to decide whether New Caledonia should assume full sovereignty and independence.
In every nation’s memory, some cornerstones placed the country on the timeline of history. The date of declaration of independence of New Caledonia: none (overseas territory of France); note – a referendum on independence was held in 1998 but was rejected; a new referendum must be held before 2019.
The flag and other symbols of New Caledonia
The colors, symbols, and animals on the flag usually have a historical background or an important milestone or memory of the nation.
This case is not an exception either, New Caledonia has two official flags; alongside the flag of France, the Kanak (indigenous Melanesian) flag has equal status; the latter consists of three equal horizontal bands of blue (top), red, and green; a large yellow disk – diameter two-thirds the height of the flag – shifted slightly to the hoist side is edged in black and displays a black fleche faitiere symbol, a native rooftop adornment.
Apart from the flag, the symbol of national unity is the national anthem. The anthem’s primary purpose is to share the nation’s core values, endeavors, and patriotic feelings.
National symbols of New Caledonia: fleche faitiere (native rooftop adornment), kagu bird; national colors: blue, red, green, yellow, black.
Constitution of New Caledonia
The existence of the nation is based on the constitution. Some constitutions knew worldwide, like the U.S. Constitution that was accepted on the 17th of September 1787, in Philadelphia, the Constitution of the United States of America.
It is not related to the declaration of independence that was stolen by Nicolas Cage in the movie National Treasure 🙂
What is the legal system of New Caledonia?
Most of the time, the legal system of a country is the focus of lawyers. It is a common fact that there are two main approaches in the world, “the law in books” and “the law in action.”
In the Anglo-Saxon world, the practice is the “law in action,” while in the rest of the world where the law is based on Roman law, the “law in books.”
The legal system of New Caledonia is a civil law system based on French law; the 1988 Matignon Accords (signed in the Matignon Hotel) set up a 10-year period of development during which the Kanak community received substantial autonomy but agreed not to raise the independence issue.
It was Aristotle who founded the Theory of 3 separations of powers. In his view, these are the council of public affairs, the magistrates, and the justice system. The age of enlightenment was the time when terminologies have defined the way we still use them. In most democratic countries, the three authorities separated from each other. In dictatorships, the rules usually interweaved in one hand.
About the legislative branch of New Caledonia, we can highlight the following structures unicameral Territorial Congress or Congres du Territoire (54 seats; members indirectly selected proportionally by the partisan makeup of the 3 Provincial Assemblies or Assemblees Provinciales; members of the 3 Provincial Assemblies directly elected by proportional representation vote; members serve 5-year terms). Note: the Customary Senate is the assembly of the various traditional councils of the Kanaks, the indigenous population, which rules on laws affecting the indigenous population; New Caledonia holds two seats in the French Senate; elections last held on 28 September 2014 (next to be held not later than September 2017); results – percent of vote by party – NA; seats by party – UMP 2; New Caledonia also elects two seats to the French National Assembly; elections last held on 17 June 2012 (next to be held by June 2017); results – percent of vote by party – NA; seats by party – UMP 2elections: last held on 11 May 2014 (next to be held on May 2019); note – the government that was elected on 11 May 2014 collapsed within 6 months leading to a new election on 31 December 2015 which re-elected the same governmentelection results: percent of vote by party – NA; seats by party – Caledonia Together 13, FLNKS 9, UMP 7, Union for Caledonia in France 6, Build Our Rainbow Nation 6, National Union for Independence 6, other 7.
About the unemployment rate, labor force, and poverty line in New Caledonia
One of the major problems of the 21st-century economy is unemployment. Governments are struggling to maintain a low level of the unemployment rate. Still, as a result of automation, the cheap 3rd world labor, and the outsourcing of workflow, these attempts fail. In New Caledonia the labor force is 106,400 (2010 estimate). Please bear in mind that the population in New Caledonia is total: 5.3 deaths / 1,000 live births; male: 6.2 deaths / 1,000 live births, female: 4.3 deaths / 1,000 live births (2016 estimate) – as we already mentioned above.
The rate of unemployment in New Caledonia is 17.1% (2004).
Widely known that the gap between the rich and poor is widening on an enormous scale.
According to the 2017 shocking Oxfam report, the most affluent eight people’s fortune is equal to the wealth of the poorest half of the world’s population.
In New Caledonia, the households’ income and consumption compared to the entire population: lowest 10%: N/A% highest 10%: N/A%.
Another widely used indicator is the so-called GINI index, which measures the inequalities of statistical dispersion, but is mainly used for measuring the sharing of income and fortune.
The GINI index was named after its founder Corrado Gini, an Italian economist. Gini index has grades between 0-1, but often it is used on a percentage basis. It is 0 if the examined criteria territorial distribution is equal. It is one of the criteria concentrated on the territory. In New Caledonia, the GINI index is N/A.
The states usually set up a poverty line, which is more or less, is a subjective measure. It varies by country; its base is often the minimum pension, the incomes of the most deficient 20 percent, the X percent of income per capita Etc.
In New Caledonia, the poverty line people are the lowest 10%: N/A% highest 10%: N/A%.
About the budget and central governments debt of New Caledonia
The available budget mainly defines the state’s economy. The budget of New Caledonia is; revenues: $996 million, expenditures: $1.072 billion (2001 estimate). Taxes and other revenues are N/A.
The budget deficit (Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)) is N/A.
The fiscal year in New Caledonia is the calendar year.
In the country’s economy, we have to consider the public debt. Public debt is the consolidated sum of the state’s local, federal, and central government debt.
Inflation rate and prime lending rate in New Caledonia
A few further interesting and relevant economic data are the following; Inflation rate: 1% (2016 estimate), 0.6% (2015 estimate), and the rate of the Commercial bank prime lending rate: N/A.
Export/import partners and data of New Caledonia
New Caledonia, with the export of products, industrial tools, and other services, generates revenue. The export value in New Caledonia is: $1.565 billion (2014 estimate), $1.565 billion (2014 estimate). The total revenue of these activities: ferronickels, nickel ore, fish.
The most important imported products are machinery and equipment, fuels, chemicals, foodstuffs, and the countries from where the import is coming: France 35.1%, Australia 11.3%, South Korea 8.5%, Singapore 5.4%, Malaysia 5.3%, China 4.5%, NZ 4.1% (2015).
Renewable energies used in New Caledonia
To suppress the pollution of the environment, renewable energies have to replace the fossil energy. The more the proportion of renewable energies in a country means more effort against pollution. New Caledonia, the indicator of how much of the country’s produced energy is coming from the hydroelectric source, is 15.6% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
To indicate how much another renewable energy produced is 7.7% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
Telecommunication data of New Caledonia, calling code
To maintain the economy, the development of a reliable and modern telecommunications infrastructure is crucial. We can say the following about New Caledonia; a submarine cable network connection between New Caledonia and Australia, completed in 2007, increased network capacity and improved high-speed connectivity and access to international networksdomestic: combined fixed-line and mobile-cellular telephone subscribership exceed 120 per 100 persons international: country code – 687; satellite earth station – 1 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean) (2015).
Transport infrastructure in New Caledonia
In the 21st century, we often say that the world has become small and there are no distances anymore. With widespread air travel when (sometimes) there are no visa restrictions, it is easy to reach other countries, but if the distance is not too long, we can also use railway or water transportation.
The number of airports in New Caledonia: 25 (2013), and the number of heliports: 8 (2013).
The total length of the roadways in New Caledonia: total: 5,622 km (2006).
The total length of the waterways in New Caledonia: N/A.
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Facts & data about New Caledonia
Name of the country: conventional long way: Territory of New Caledonia and Dependencies, traditional short form: New Caledonia, local long form: Territoire des Nouvelle-Caledonie et Dependances, local short state: Nouvelle-Caledonie, etymology: British explorer Captain James COOK discovered and named New Caledonia in 1774; he used the appellation because the northeast of the island reminded him of Scotland (Caledonia is the Latin designation for Scotland).
|Abbreviation: New Caledonia||Geographic coordinates:|
21 30 S, 165 30 E
|Country Location: Oceania|
|Capital of New Caledonia: Noumea||GPS of the Capital:|
22 16 S 166 27 E
|Position: Oceania, islands in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Australia|
|Land area: total: 18,575 sq km; land: 18,275 sq km, water: 300 sq km||Terrain: coastal plains with interior mountains||Area comparative: somewhat smaller than New Jersey|
|Population: 275,355 (July 2016 estimate)||Population grow rate: 1.35% (2016 estimate)||Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s) / female, 0-14 years: 1.04 male(s) / female, 15-24 years: 1.04 male(s) / female, 25-54 years: 1.01 male(s) / female, 55-64 years: 0.94 male(s) / female, 65 years and over: 0.8 male(s) / female, total population: 1 male(s) / female (2016 estimate)|
|Exports: $1.565 billion (2014 estimate), $1.565 billion (2014 estimate)||Imports: $3.323 billion (2014 estimate), $3.323 billion (2014 estimate)||Import partners: France 35.1%, Australia 11.3%, South Korea 8.5%, Singapore 5.4%, Malaysia 5.3%, China 4.5%, NZ 4.1% (2015)|
|Urbanization: urban population: 70.2% of the total population (2015)||Major urban area(s): NOUMEA (capital) 181,000 (2014)||Median age: total: 31.7 years; male: 31 years, female: 32.4 years (2016 estimate)|
|Internet users: total: 201,000. Percent of the population: 74% (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (fixed-lines): total subscriptions: 92,000. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 34 (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (mobile, cellular): total: 246,000. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 91 (July 2015 estimate)|
|Unemployment rate: 17.1% (2004)||Nationality: New Caledonian(s) adjective: New Caledonian||National holidays: Fete de la Federation, 14 July (1789)|
|Life expectancy at birth: total population: 77.7 years. Male: 73.7 years, female: 81.9 years (2016 estimate)||Total fertility rate: 1.95 children born / woman (2016 estimate)||Birthrate: 15.2 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate)|
|Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write. Total population: 96.9%; male: 97.3%, female: 96.5% (2015 estimate)||Legal system: civil law system based on French law; the 1988 Matignon Accords (signed in the Matignon Hotel) set up a 10-year period of development during which the Kanak community received substantial autonomy but agreed not to raise the independence issue||Suffrage: 18 years of age, universal|
|Industries: nickel mining and smelting||Industrial production growth rate: 1.6% (2016 estimate)||GDP real growth rate: 2.8% (2014 estimate) 2.2% (2013)2.9% (2012)|
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