|Borderline map of Australia||Location map of Australia||Flag of Australia|
Google maps and detailed facts of Australia (AU). This page enables you to explore Australia and its border countries (Country Location: Oceania, continent between the Indian Ocean and the South Pacific Ocean) through detailed Satellite imagery – fast and easy as never before Google maps.
There is also Street View and free Driving Directions at your service. Your Google Satellite Map Sightseeing in Australia, in Oceania, starts here at Driving Directions and Maps.com.
Australia Google maps™
The map below shows Australia with its cities, towns, highways, main roads, streets, and Street Views. To find a location, use the form below, type any city or place, view just a simple map, and click on the “show map” button.
The Google map above shows Australia with its location: Oceania (geographic coordinates: 27 00 S, 133 00 E) and the international borders of Australia; 0 km; furthermore, it’s inland counties boundaries.
Hint: Look at the Street view in Australia or Oceania. All you have to do is drag and pull the little yellow man (named: Pegman) on the Google map above the desired location. After that, whenever it is available (more than 50 countries globally), blue stripes will appear to show the photos and details from Google’s regularly updated data image base. In case if you have signed in to your Google account currently, you may have a look at the satellite map of this country/area as well.
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About Australia in detail
Where is Australia?
Australia, in case, if you are looking on the map under the Coordinates 35 16 S 149 08 E otherwise in Oceania, in Oceania, continent between the Indian Ocean and the South Pacific Ocean.
What is the capital city of Australia?
The capital city of Australia is Canberra.
What is the time in Canberra?
It is 15 hours ahead of Washington, D.C., during Standard Time. The timezone of Canberra is UTC+10.
What is the Internet code for Australia?
The Top Level Domain (TLD) for Australia is: .au
What is the size of Australia?
The territory of Australia is total: 7,741,220 sq km; land: 7,682,300 sq km, water: 58,920 sq km.
If we want to describe Australia’s territory’s size, it is somewhat smaller than the US contiguous 48 states.
If we would like to walk around and discover Australia, we can cover 0 km.
What is the water coverage of Australia?
We have already mentioned what percentage of Australia is covered by water (see below), including a 25,760 km coastline.
What is the climate like in Australia?
Australia’s climate is generally arid to semiarid: temperate in south and east: tropical in north.
Geographical data of Australia
Australia’s elevation; mean elevation: 330 m, elevation extremes; lowest point: Lake Eyre -15 m, highest point: Mount Kosciuszko 2,229 m.
The specific geographical details of Australia include mostly low plateau with deserts; fertile plain in the southeast.
Suppose we would like to describe the countries location from a different perspective. In that case, it is safe to say, and easy to read from a map, Australia is the world’s smallest continent, but a sixth-largest country; the largest state in Oceania, the largest country entirely in the Southern Hemisphere, and the largest country without land borders; the only continent without glaciers; population concentrated along the eastern and southeastern coasts; the refreshing sea breeze is known as the “Fremantle Doctor” affects the city of Perth on the west coast and is one of the most consistent winds in the world.
Resources and land use of Australia
The country’s main mined products are bauxite, coal, iron ore, copper, tin, gold, silver, uranium, nickel, tungsten, rare earth elements, mineral sands, lead, zinc, diamonds, natural gas, petroleum. Note: Australia is the world’s largest net exporter of coal, accounting for 29% of global coal exports. The population partly uses the earlier highlighted land territory and partly left in its natural state: agricultural land: 53.4%; arable land 6.2%; permanent crops 0.1%; permanent pasture 47.1%; forest: 19.3%; other: 27.3% (2011 estimate).
Population data of Australia
The number of inhabitants of Australia is 22,992,654 (July 2016 estimate).
If we examine the proportion of the population distribution, it is safe to say that N/A.
If we look at the proportion of the urbanized and barely populated areas, these are the figures: urban population: 89.4% of the total population (2015).
Most of Australia’s population is concentrated in Sydney, 4.505 million; Melbourne, 4.203 million; Brisbane, 2.202 million; Perth, 1.861 million; Adelaide, 1.256 million; CANBERRA (capital) 423,000 (2015).
Ethnicity in Australia
According to ethnicity details, the ethnic groups are English 25.9%, Australian 25.4%, Irish 7.5%, Scottish 6.4%, Italian 3.3%, German 3.2%, Chinese 3.1%, Indian 1.4%, Greek 1.4%, Dutch 1.2%, other 15.8% (includes Australian aboriginal .5%), unspecified 5.4%note: data represents self-identified ancestry, over a third of respondents reported two ancestries (2011 estimate).
Spoken languages in Australia
The spoken languages in Australia are the following: English 76.8%, Mandarin 1.6%, Italian 1.4%, Arabic 1.3%, Greek 1.2%, Cantonese 1.2%, Vietnamese 1.1%, other 10.4%, unspecified 5% (2011 estimate).
What are the most important religions in Australia?
During the general census, researchers examine the churches, according to this: Protestant 30.1% (Anglican 17.1%, Uniting Church 5.0%, Presbyterian and Reformed 2.8%, Baptist, 1.6%, Lutheran 1.2%, Pentecostal 1.1%, other Protestant 1.3%), Catholic 25.3% (Roman Catholic 25.1%, other Catholic 0.2%), other Christian 2.9%, Orthodox 2.8%, Buddhist 2.5%, Muslim 2.2%, Hindu 1.3%, other 1.3%, none 22.3%, unspecified 9.3% (2011 estimate).
Further population data of Australia
The proportion of gender and age tells a lot about the society as follows 0-14 years: 17.84% (male 2,105,433 / female 1,997,433) 15-24 years: 12.96% (male 1,528,993 / female 1,451,340) 25-54 years: 41.55% (male 4,862,591 / female 4,691,975) 55-64 years: 11.82% (male 1,347,780 / female 1,369,501) 65 years and over: 15.82% (male 1,684,339 / female 1,953,269) (2016 estimate). It also a significant factor in a society the population growth rate, which in the case of Australia is 1.05% (2016 estimate).
The population growth rate is based on two elements, the birth, and the death rate. In Australia the birth rate is 12.1 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate), the death rate 7.2 deaths / 1,000 population (2016 estimate).
In this day and age in developed societies, the first child borns later compared to the previous centuries and decades, so childbearing is extended. In Australia, the average age of mothers at the first childbirth is.
Although the children’s birth is postponed in the best-case scenario, the parents can still see their kids grow as life expectancy also extended. In the case of Australia, these figures are. With the introduction of modern medicine, vaccinations, and the proper hygienic conditions, the infant mortality rate is in a steep decline. The infant mortality statistics in Australia are the following: Relevant data is the budget of healthcare, which is in this country’s case is 9.4% of GDP (2014).
Economic data of Australia
Suppose we would like to describe a country, we also have to mention its economy; Following two decades of continuous growth, low unemployment contained inflation, very low public debt, and a strong and stable financial system. The services sector is the largest part of the Australian economy, accounting for about 70% of GDP and 75% of jobs. Australia was comparatively unaffected by the global financial crisis as the banking system has remained strong. Australia benefited from a dramatic surge in its terms of trade in recent years. However, this trend has reversed due to falling global commodity prices. Australia is a significant exporter of natural resources, energy, and food. Australia’s abundant, and Australia is an open market with minimal restrictions on imports of goods and services. The process of opening up has increased productivity, stimulated growth, and made the economy more flexible and dynamic.
GDP is a prominent figure, as all the relevant calculations and statistics are based on it. GDP in Australia is $1.257 trillion (2015 estimate).
Another important indicator is the rate of GDP growth, which in Australia is 2.9% (2016 estimate), 2.4% (2015 estimate) 2.7% (2014 estimate).
These statistics affect the world economy; remember, in 2015, the Chinese real GDP growth rate was worse than expected; The world markets fall, and the Chinese stock exchange is temporally suspended.
A further major factor of a country’s economy, the GDP per capita. In Australia this is $48,800 (2016 estimate) $48,300 (2015 estimate) $47,800 (2014 estimate).
In the economy, the Trinity is in common places, such as agriculture, industry, and services.
What are the agricultural products Australia produces?
Australia’s main agricultural products are wheat, barley, sugarcane, fruits, cattle, sheep, poultry.
The crucial segments are mining, industrial and transportation equipment, food processing, chemicals, and steel. The crucial and regularly mentioned GDP is based on mining, industrial and transportation equipment, food processing, chemicals, steel.
Drinking water source in Australia
It is essential to mention that – thanks to the development of the infrastructure -, the rate of potable water improved: urban: 100% of the population, rural: 100% of the population, total: 100% of the population. Unimproved: urban: 0% of the population, rural: 0% of the population, total: 0% of the population (2015 estimate).
The average number of childbirth in Australia
In Australia, the average delivery number is 1.77 children born / woman (2016 estimate).
Population, median age, migration, and citizenship in Australia
The population’s average age is 38.6 years; male: 37.8 years, female: 39.4 years (2016 estimate). The age of adulthood varies in every country of the world. In Australia, it is 18 years of age, universal and compulsory.
When we are experiencing an unprecedented scale of migration and globalization, it is an important factor in the number of new immigrants. In Australia is 5.6 migrant(s) / 1,000 population (2016 estimate). It is important to know how to apply for citizenship: citizenship by birth: no. Citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen or permanent resident of Australia. Dual citizenship recognized: yes, the residency requirement for naturalization: 4 years.
Is Australia a safe destination? Healthcare services and infectious diseases in Australia
Many of the travelers are looking into the healthcare services and infectious diseases of their destinations. In Australia, the hospital beds’ density is 3.9 beds / 1,000 population (2010).
According to the WHO rating regarding contagious diseases in Australia, N/A.
However, HIV is not curable but maintainable. Let’s do not forget when the disease surfaced; it was a world threatening condition. Unfortunately, in some countries, it is still very high the number of infected patients and fatalities due to the disease.
In Australia, the number of HIV/AIDS deaths: N/A.
Regarding tourism obesity, not an important issue, but we have to mention health statistics, as it is the plague of the 20th and the 21st century. The rate of obese adults in Australia is 29.9% (2014).
What are the natural hazards in Australia? Is there any?
Australia’s most known natural risks are cyclones along the coast, severe droughts, forest fires, volcanism: volcanic activity on Heard and McDonald Islands.
More interesting facts about Australia
A few words about the past, as every country and society, is connected to its history; Prehistoric settlers arrived on the continent from Southeast Asia at least 40,000 years before the first Europeans began exploration in the 17th century. No formal territorial claims were made until 1770 when Capt. James COOK took possession of the east coast in Great Britain (all of Australia was claimed as British territory in 1829 with the creation of the colony of Western Australia). Six colonies were created in the late 18th and 19th centuries; they federated and became the Commonwealth of Australia in 1901.
The new country took advantage of its natural resources to rapidly develop agricultural and manufacturing industries and to make a significant contribution to the Allied effort in World Wars I and II. In recent decades, Australia has become an internationally competitive, advanced market economy mainly due to economic reforms adopted in the 1980s and its location in one of the world economy’s fastest-growing regions. Long-term concerns include an aging population, pressure on infrastructure, and environmental issues such as floods, droughts, and bushfires. Australia is the driest inhabited continent on earth, making it particularly vulnerable to climate change challenges. Australia is home to 10 percent of the world’s biodiversity, and a significant number of its flora and fauna exist nowhere else in the world.
In every nation’s memory, some cornerstones placed the country on the timeline of history. The date of declaration of Australia’s independence: 1 January 1901 (from the federation of UK colonies).
The flag and other symbols of Australia
The colors, symbols, and animals on the flag usually have a historical background or an important milestone or memory of the nation.
This case is not an exception either; blue with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and a massive seven-pointed star in the lower hoist-side quadrant known as the Commonwealth or Federation Star, representing the federation of the colonies of Australia in 1901; the star depicts one point for each of the six original states and one representing all of Australia’s internal and external territories; on the fly-half is a representation of the Southern Cross constellation in white with one small, five-pointed star and four larger, seven-pointed stars.
Apart from the flag, the symbol of national unity is the national anthem. The anthem’s primary purpose is to share the nation’s core values, endeavors, and patriotic feelings.
National symbols of Australia: Southern Cross constellation (composed of five stars: four massive seven-pointed stars, one small five-pointed star), kangaroo, emu; national colors: green, gold.
Constitution of Australia
The existence of the nation is based on the constitution. Like the U.S. Constitution, some constitutions knew worldwide that was accepted on the 17th of September 1787, in Philadelphia, the United States of America’s Constitution.
It is not related to the declaration of independence that was stolen by Nicolas Cage in the movie National Treasure 🙂
What is the legal system of Australia?
Most of the time, the legal system of a country is the focus of lawyers. It is a common fact that there are two main approaches in the world, “the law in books” and “the law in action.”
In the Anglo-Saxon world, the practice is the “law in action,” while in the rest of the world, the law is based on Roman law, the “law in books.”
The legal system of Australia is a common law system based on the English model.
It was Aristotle who founded the Theory of 3 separations of powers. In his view, these are the council of public affairs, the magistrates, and the justice system. The age of enlightenment was the time when terminologies have defined the way we still use them. In most democratic countries, the three authorities separated from each other. In dictatorships, the rules usually interweaved in one hand.
About the legislative branch of Australia, we can highlight the following structures bicameral Federal Parliament consists of the Senate (76 seats; 12 members from each of the six states and two each from the two mainland territories; members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by proportional representation vote; members serve 6-year terms with one-half of state membership renewed every three years and territory membership continued every three years) and the House of Representatives (150 seats; members directly elected in single-seat constituencies by preferential majority vote; members serve terms of up to 3 years).
About the unemployment rate, labor force, and poverty line in Australia
One of the major problems of the 21st-century economy is unemployment. Governments are struggling to maintain a low level of the unemployment rate. Still, as a result of automation, the cheap 3rd world labor, and the outsourcing of workflow, these attempts fail. In Australia, the labor force is 12.63 million (2016 estimate). Please bear in mind that the population in Australia is total: 4.3 deaths / 1,000 live births; male: 4.6 deaths / 1,000 live births, female: 4 deaths / 1,000 live births (2016 estimate) – as we already mentioned above.
The rate of unemployment in Australia is 5.8% (2016 estimate).
Widely known that the gap between the rich and poor is widening on an enormous scale.
According to the 2017 shocking Oxfam report, the most affluent eight people’s fortune is equal to the wealth of the poorest half of the world’s population.
In Australia, households and consumption income compared to the entire population: lowest 10%: 2% highest 10%: 25.4% (1994).
Another widely used indicator is the so-called GINI index, which measures the inequalities of statistical dispersion, but is mainly used for measuring the sharing of income and fortune.
The GINI index was named after its founder Corrado Gini, an Italian economist. Gini index has grades between 0-1, but often it is used on a percentage basis. It is 0 if the examined criteria territorial distribution is equal. It is one of the criteria concentrated on the territory. In Australia, the GINI index is .30,3 (2008).
The states usually set up a poverty line, which is more or less, is a subjective measure. It varies by country; its base is often the minimum pension, the incomes of the most deficient 20 percent, the X percent of income per capita Etc.
In Australia, the poverty line people are the lowest 10%: 2% highest 10%: 25.4% (1994).
About the budget and central governments debt of Australia
The available budget mainly defines the state’s economy. Australia’s budget is; revenues: $420.5 billion, expenditures: $446.4 billion (2016 estimate). Taxes and other revenues are 33.5% of GDP (2016 estimate).
The budget deficit (Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)) is.
The fiscal year in Australia is 1 July – 30 June.
In the country’s economy, we have to consider the public debt. Public debt is the consolidated sum of the state’s local, federal, and central government debt.
Inflation rate and prime lending rate in Australia
A few further interesting and relevant economic data are the following; Inflation rate: 1.4% (2016 estimate), 1.5% (2015 estimate), and the rate of the Commercial bank prime lending rate: 5.1% (31 December 2016 estimate).
Export/import partners and data of Australia
Australia, with the export of products, industrial tools, and other services, generates revenue. The export value in Australia is: $184.3 billion (2016 estimate), $188.3 billion (2015 estimate). The total revenue of these activities: coal, iron ore, gold, meat, wool, alumina, wheat, machinery, and transport equipment.
The most important imported products are machinery and transport equipment, computers and office machines, telecommunication equipment and parts; crude oil and petroleum products, and the countries from where the import is coming: China 23%, US 11.2%, Japan 7.4%, South Korea 5.5%, Thailand 5.1%, Germany 4.6% (2015).
Renewable energies used in Australia
To suppress the pollution of the environment, renewable energies have to replace the fossil energy. The more the proportion of renewable energies in a country means more effort against pollution. Australia, the indicator of how much of the country’s produced energy is coming from the hydroelectric source, is 12.7% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
To indicate how much another renewable energy produced is 7.6% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
Telecommunication data of Australia, calling code
To maintain the economy, the development of a reliable and modern telecommunications infrastructure is crucial. We can say the following about Australia; excellent domestic and international services. Domestic: domestic satellite system; effective use of radiotelephone in low population density; the rapid growth of mobile telephones. International: country code – 61; landing point for the SEA-ME-WE-3 optical telecommunications submarine cable with links to Asia, the Middle East, and Europe; the Southern Cross fiber-optic submarine cable provides links to NZ and the US; satellite earth stations – 10 (2015).
Transport infrastructure in Australia
In the 21st century, we often say that the world has become small and there are no distances anymore. With widespread air travel when (sometimes) there are no visa restrictions, it is easy to reach other countries, but if space is not too long, we can also use railway or water transportation.
The number of airports in Australia: 480 (2013), and the number of heliports: 1 (2013).
The total length of the roadways in Australia: total: 823,217 km, paved: 356,343 km, unpaved: 466,874 km (2011).
The total length of the waterways in Australia: 2,000 km (mainly used for recreation on Murray and Murray-Darling river systems) (2011).
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Facts & data about Australia
Name of the country: conventional long way: Commonwealth of Australia, traditional short state: Australiaabbreviation: AS, etymology: the name Australia derives from the Latin “australis” meaning “southern”; the Australian landmass was long referred to as “Terra Australis” or the Southern Land.
|Abbreviation: Australia||Geographic coordinates:|
27 00 S, 133 00 E
|Country Location: Oceania|
|Capital of Australia: Canberra||GPS of the Capital:|
35 16 S 149 08 E
|Position: Oceania, continent between the Indian Ocean and the South Pacific Ocean|
|Land area: total: 7,741,220 sq km; land: 7,682,300 sq km, water: 58,920 sq km||Terrain: mostly low plateau with deserts; fertile plain in the southeast||Area comparative: somewhat smaller than the US contiguous 48 states|
|Population: 22,992,654 (July 2016 estimate)||Population grow rate: 1.05% (2016 estimate)||Sex ratio: at birth: 1.06 male(s) / female, 0-14 years: 1.05 male(s) / female, 15-24 years: 1.05 male(s) / female, 25-54 years: 1.04 male(s) / female, 55-64 years: 0.98 male(s) / female, 65 years and over: 0.86 male(s) / female, total population: 1.01 male(s) / female (2016 estimate)|
|Exports: $184.3 billion (2016 estimate), $188.3 billion (2015 estimate)||Imports: $203.1 billion (2016 estimate), $207.7 billion (2015 estimate)||Import partners: China 23%, US 11.2%, Japan 7.4%, South Korea 5.5%, Thailand 5.1%, Germany 4.6% (2015)|
|Urbanization: urban population: 89.4% of the total population (2015)||Major urban area(s): Sydney 4.505 million; Melbourne 4.203 million; Brisbane 2.202 million; Perth 1.861 million; Adelaide 1.256 million; CANBERRA (capital) 423,000 (2015)||Median age: total: 38.6 years; male: 37.8 years, female: 39.4 years (2016 estimate)|
|Internet users: total: 19.238 million. Percent of the population: 84.6% (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (fixed-lines): total subscriptions: 9.08 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 40 (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (mobile, cellular): total: 31.77 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 140 (July 2015 estimate)|
|Unemployment rate: 5.8% (2016 estimate)||Nationality: Australian(s) adjective: Australian||National holidays: Australia Day (commemorates the arrival of the First Fleet of Australian settlers), 26 January (1788); ANZAC Day (commemorates the anniversary of the landing of troops of the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps during World War I at Gallipoli, Turkey), 25 April (1915)|
|Life expectancy at birth: total population: 82.2 years. Male: 79.8 years, female: 84.8 years (2016 estimate)||Total fertility rate: 1.77 children born / woman (2016 estimate)||Birthrate: 12.1 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate)|
|Literacy: N/A||Legal system: common law system based on the English model||Suffrage: 18 years of age, universal and compulsory|
|Industries: mining, industrial and transportation equipment, food processing, chemicals, steel||Industrial production growth rate: 2% (2016 estimate)||GDP real growth rate: 2.9% (2016 estimate) 2.4% (2015 estimate) 2.7% (2014 estimate)|
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