|Borderline map of Australia||Location map of Australia||Flag of Australia|
Google maps and detailed facts of Australia, (AU). This page enables you to explore Australia and its border countries (Location: Oceania, continent between the Indian Ocean and the South Pacific Ocean) through detailed Satellite imagery - fast and easy as never before Google maps.
Find comprehensive information below about this country in its diversity: geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government, and history - All in One Wiki page!
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Australia Google Map
The map below shows Australia with its cities, towns, highways, main roads, streets and also providing Street Views. To find a location use the form below, type any city or place and to view, just a simple map click on the "Show Map" button.
The Google map above is showing Australia with its location: Oceania, (geographic coordinates: 27 00 S, 133 00 E) and the international borders of Australia; 0 km furthermore its inland counties boundaries.
Hint: Have a look at the Street view in Australia, or Oceania. All you have to do is to drag and pull the little yellow man (named: Pegman) on the Google map above the desired location. After that whenever it is available (more than 50 countries in the world), blue stripes will appear to show the photos and details from Google’s regularly updated data image base.
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About Australia in detail
Where is Australia?
Australia, in case if you are looking on the map under the Coordinates 35 16 S 149 08 E otherwise in Oceania, in Oceania, continent between the Indian Ocean and the South Pacific Ocean.
What is the capital of Australia?
The capital city of Australia is: Canberra.
What is the time in Canberra?
It is 15 hours ahead of Washington DC during Standard Time, the timezone of Canberra is: UTC+10.
What is the Internet code for Australia?
The Top Level Domain (TLD) for Australia is: .au
What is the size of Australia?
The territory of Australia is total: 7,741,220 sq km; land: 7,682,300 sq km, water: 58,920 sq km.
If we want to describe the size of the territory of Australia is slightly smaller than the US contiguous 48 states.
If we would like to walk around and discover Australia, we can do that by covering the distance of 0 km.
What is the water coverage of Australia?
We have mentioned already on this website, that what percentage of Australia is covered by water (see below), and this includes 25,760 km coastline.
What is the climate like in Australia?
The climate of Australia is generally arid to semiarid: temperate in south and east: tropical in north.
Geographical data of Australia
The elevation of Australia; mean elevation: 330 m, elevation extremes; lowest point: Lake Eyre -15 m, highest point: Mount Kosciuszko 2,229 m.
The typical geographical details of Australia include mostly low plateau with deserts; fertile plain in southeast.
If we would like to describe the countries location from a different point of view, it is safe to say, and easy to read from a map, Australia is world's smallest continent but sixth-largest country; the largest country in Oceania, the largest country entirely in the Southern Hemisphere, and the largest country without land borders; the only continent without glaciers; population concentrated along the eastern and southeastern coasts; the invigorating sea breeze known as the "Fremantle Doctor" affects the city of Perth on the west coast and is one of the most consistent winds in the world.
Resources and land use of Australia
The country’s main mined products are bauxite, coal, iron ore, copper, tin, gold, silver, uranium, nickel, tungsten, rare earth elements, mineral sands, lead, zinc, diamonds, natural gas, petroleum. Note: Australia is the world's largest net exporter of coal accounting for 29% of global coal exports. The population partly uses the earlier highlighted land territory and partly left in its natural state: agricultural land: 53.4%; arable land 6.2%; permanent crops 0.1%; permanent pasture 47.1%; forest: 19.3%; other: 27.3% (2011 estimate).
Population data of Australia
The number of inhabitants of Australia is 22,992,654 (July 2016 estimate).
If we examine the proportion of population distribution, it is safe to say that N/A.
If we are looking at the proportion of the urbanized and barely populated areas, these are the figures: urban population: 89.4% of total population (2015).
Most of the population in Australia is concentrated in Sydney 4.505 million; Melbourne 4.203 million; Brisbane 2.202 million; Perth 1.861 million; Adelaide 1.256 million; CANBERRA (capital) 423,000 (2015).
Ethnicity in Australia
According to ethnicity details, the ethnic groups in this country are the following: English 25.9%, Australian 25.4%, Irish 7.5%, Scottish 6.4%, Italian 3.3%, German 3.2%, Chinese 3.1%, Indian 1.4%, Greek 1.4%, Dutch 1.2%, other 15.8% (includes Australian aboriginal .5%), unspecified 5.4%note: data represents self-identified ancestry, over a third of respondents reported two ancestries (2011 estimate).
Spoken languages in Australia
The spoken languages in Australia are the following: English 76.8%, Mandarin 1.6%, Italian 1.4%, Arabic 1.3%, Greek 1.2%, Cantonese 1.2%, Vietnamese 1.1%, other 10.4%, unspecified 5% (2011 estimate).
What are the most important religions in Australia?
During the general census, researchers examine the churches, according to this: Protestant 30.1% (Anglican 17.1%, Uniting Church 5.0%, Presbyterian and Reformed 2.8%, Baptist, 1.6%, Lutheran 1.2%, Pentecostal 1.1%, other Protestant 1.3%), Catholic 25.3% (Roman Catholic 25.1%, other Catholic 0.2%), other Christian 2.9%, Orthodox 2.8%, Buddhist 2.5%, Muslim 2.2%, Hindu 1.3%, other 1.3%, none 22.3%, unspecified 9.3% (2011 estimate).
Further population data of Australia
The proportion of gender and age tells a lot about the society as follows 0-14 years: 17.84% (male 2,105,433 / female 1,997,433) 15-24 years: 12.96% (male 1,528,993 / female 1,451,340) 25-54 years: 41.55% (male 4,862,591 / female 4,691,975) 55-64 years: 11.82% (male 1,347,780 / female 1,369,501) 65 years and over: 15.82% (male 1,684,339 / female 1,953,269) (2016 estimate). It also a significant factor in a society the population growth rate, which in the case of Australia is 1.05% (2016 estimate).
The population growth rate is based on two elements, the birth, and the death rate. In Australia the birth rate is 12.1 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate), the death rate 7.2 deaths / 1,000 population (2016 estimate).
In this day and age in the developed societies, the first child borns later compared to the previous centuries and decades, so the childbearing is extended. In Australia the average age of mothers at the first childbirth is .
In the best case scenario despite the fact that the birth of the children is postponed, the parents are still able to see their kids grow as the life expectancy is also extended. In the case of Australia, these figures are . With the introduction of modern medicine, the vaccinations and the proper hygienic conditions, the infant mortality rate is in a steep decline. The infant mortality statistics in Australia are the following: . Relevant data is the budget of healthcare, which is in the case of this country is 9.4% of GDP (2014).
Economic data of Australia
If we would like to describe a country, we also have to mention its economy; Following two decades of continuous growth, low unemployment, contained inflation, very low public debt, and a strong and stable financial system, Australia enters 2017 facing a range of growth constraints, principally driven by the sharp fall in global pThe services sector is the largest part of the Australian economy, accounting for about 70% of GDP and 75% of jobs. Australia was comparatively unaffected by the global financial crisis as the banking system has remained strong and inflation is under contAustralia benefited from a dramatic surge in its terms of trade in recent years, although this trend has reversed due to falling global commodity prices. Australia is a significant exporter of natural resources, energy, and food. Australia's abundant andAustralia is an open market with minimal restrictions on imports of goods and services. The process of opening up has increased productivity, stimulated growth, and made the economy more flexible and dynamic. Australia plays an active role in the World Tr.
GDP is an important figure as all the relevant calculations and statistics are based on it. GDP in Australia is $1.257 trillion (2015 estimate).
An another important indicator is the rate of the GDP growth, which in Australia is 2.9% (2016 estimate) 2.4% (2015 estimate) 2.7% (2014 estimate).
These statistics are affecting the world economy, remember in 2015 when the Chinese real GDP growth rate was worse than expected; The world markets fall, and the Chinese stock exchange was temporally suspended.
A further major factor of a country’s economy, the GDP per capita. In Australia this is $48,800 (2016 estimate) $48,300 (2015 estimate) $47,800 (2014 estimate).
In the case of the economy, the Trinity is in common places, such as agriculture, industry, and services.
What are the agricultural products Australia produces?
The main agricultural products of Australia are wheat, barley, sugarcane, fruits; cattle, sheep, poultry.
Regarding the economy, the important segments are mining, industrial and transportation equipment, food processing, chemicals, steel. The crucial and regularly mentioned GDP is based on mining, industrial and transportation equipment, food processing, chemicals, steel.
Drinking water source in Australia
It is important to mention, that - thanks to the development of the infrastructure -, the rate of potable water improved: urban: 100% of population, rural: 100% of population, total: 100% of population. Unimproved: urban: 0% of population, rural: 0% of population, total: 0% of population (2015 estimate).
Average number of childbirth in Australia
In Australia the average number of childbirth is 1.77 children born / woman (2016 estimate).
Population, median age, migration, and citizenship in Australia
The average age of the population is total: 38.6 years; male: 37.8 years, female: 39.4 years (2016 estimate). The age of adulthood varies in every country of the world in Australia it is 18 years of age, universal and compulsory.
In this age when we are experiencing an unprecedented scale of migration and globalization, it is an important factor the number of new coming immigrants. In Australia is 5.6 migrant(s) / 1,000 population (2016 estimate). It is important to know, how to apply for citizenship: citizenship by birth: no. Citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen or permanent resident of Australia. Dual citizenship recognized: yes, residency requirement for naturalization: 4 years.
Is Australia a safe destination? Healthcare services and contagious diseases in Australia
Many of the travelers are looking into the healthcare services and contagious diseases of their destinations. In Australia density of the hospital beds is 3.9 beds / 1,000 population (2010).
According to WHO rating regarding contagious diseases in Australia the N/A.
However, the HIV is not curable but maintainable. Let’s do not forget when the disease surfaced it was a world threatening condition. Unfortunately, in some countries, it is still very high the number of infected patients and fatalities as a result of the disease.
In Australia the number of HIV/AIDS deaths: .
Regarding tourism the obesity, not an important issue, but we have to mention among the health statistics, as it is the plague of the 20th and the 21st century. The rate obese adults in Australia is 29.9% (2014).
What are the natural hazards Australia? Is there any?
The most known natural risks in Australia are cyclones along the coast; severe droughts; forest fires, volcanism: volcanic activity on Heard and McDonald Islands.
More interesting facts about Australia
A few words about the past, as every country and society its connected to its history; Prehistoric settlers arrived on the continent from Southeast Asia at least 40,000 years before the first Europeans began exploration in the 17th century. No formal territorial claims were made until 1770, when Capt. James COOK took possession of the east coast in the name of Great Britain (all of Australia was claimed as British territory in 1829 with the creation of the colony of Western Australia). Six colonies were created in the late 18th and 19th centuries; they federated and became the Commonwealth of Australia in 1901. The new country took advantage of its natural resources to rapidly develop agricultural and manufacturing industries and to make a major contribution to the Allied effort in World Wars I and II.In recent decades, Australia has become an internationally competitive, advanced market economy due in large part to economic reforms adopted in the 1980s and its location in one of the fastest growing regions of the world economy. Long-term concerns include an aging population, pressure on infrastructure, and environmental issues such as floods, droughts, and bushfires. Australia is the driest inhabited continent on earth, making it particularly vulnerable to the challenges of climate change. Australia is home to 10 per cent of the world's biodiversity, and a great number of its flora and fauna exist nowhere else in the world..
In every nation's memory, there are cornerstones that placed the country on the timeline of history. The date of declaration of independence of Australia: 1 January 1901 (from the federation of UK colonies).
The flag and other symbols of Australia
The colors, symbols, and animals on the flag usually have a historical background or related to an important milestone or memory of the nation.
This case is not an exception either, blue with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and a large seven-pointed star in the lower hoist-side quadrant known as the Commonwealth or Federation Star, representing the federation of the colonies of Australia in 1901; the star depicts one point for each of the six original states and one representing all of Australia's internal and external territories; on the fly half is a representation of the Southern Cross constellation in white with one small, five-pointed star and four larger, seven-pointed stars.
Apart from the flag, the symbol of the national unity is the national anthem. The main purpose of the anthem is to share the nation's core values, endeavors, and the patriotic feelings.
National symbols of Australia: Southern Cross constellation (composed of five stars: four large seven-pointed stars, one small five-pointed star), kangaroo, emu; national colors: green, gold.
Constitution of Australia
The existence of the nation based on the constitution. Some constitutions knew around the world, like the U.S. Constitution that accepted on 17th of September 1787, in Philadelphia, the Constitution of United States of America.
It is not related to the declaration of independence that was stolen by Nicolas Cage in the movie National Treasure 🙂
What is the legal system of Australia?
Most of the times the legal system of a country is in the focus of lawyers. It is a common fact that there are two main approaches in the world, “the law in books” and “the law in action.”
In the Anglo-Saxon world, the practice is the “law in action” while in the rest of the world where the law based on Roman law, the “law in books.”
The legal system of Australia is common law system based on the English model.
It was Aristotle, who founded the theory of 3 separations of powers. In his view, these are the council of public affairs, the magistrates, and the justice system. In the age of enlightenment was the time when terminologies have been defined, the way we still use them. In most of the democratic countries, the three authorities are separated from each other. In dictatorships, the authorities are usually interwoven in one hand.
About the legislative branch of Australia, we can highlight the following structures bicameral Federal Parliament consists of the Senate (76 seats; 12 members from each of the 6 states and 2 each from the 2 mainland territories; members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by proportional representation vote; members serve 6-year terms with one-half of state membership renewed every 3 years and territory membership renewed every 3 years) and the House of Representatives (150 seats; members directly elected in single-seat constituencies by majority preferential vote; members serve terms of up to 3 years)elections: Senate - last held on 2 July 2016; House of Representatives - last held on 2 July 2016; this election represents a rare double dissolution where all 226 seats in both the Senate and House of Representatives are up for reelectionelection results: Senate - percent of vote by party NA - awaiting final results; seats by party NA - awaiting final results; House of Representatives - percent of vote by party Liberal/National Coalition 42.14%, ALP 34.91%, The Greens 9.93%, Katter's Australian Party 0.55%, Nick Xenophon Team 1.86%, independents 2.85%; seats by party Liberal/National Coalition 77, ALP 68, The Greens 1, Katter's Australian Party 1, Nick Xenophon Team 1, independents 2.
About the unemployment rate, labor force, and poverty line in Australia
One of the major problems of the 21st-century economy is the unemployment. Governments are struggling to maintain a low level of the unemployment rate, but as a result of automation, the cheap 3rd world labor and the outsourcing of workflow, these attempts are failing. In Australia the labor force is 12.63 million (2016 estimate). Please bear in mind that the population in Australia is total: 4.3 deaths / 1,000 live births; male: 4.6 deaths / 1,000 live births, female: 4 deaths / 1,000 live births (2016 estimate) - as we already mentioned above.
The rate of unemployment in Australia is 5.8% (2016 estimate).
It is widely known that the gap between the rich and poor is widening on an enormous scale.
According to the 2017 shocking Oxfam report, the richest eight people’s fortune is equal to the fortune of the poorest half of the world's population.
In Australia, the income of the households and consumption compared to the entire population: lowest 10%: 2% highhest 10%: 25.4% (1994).
Another widely used indicator is the so-called GINI index, which measures the inequalities of statistical dispersion, but mainly used for measuring the sharing of income and fortune.
The GINI index is named after its founder Corrado Gini an Italian economist. Gini index has grades between 0-1, but often it is used on a percentage basis. It is 0 if the examined criteria territorial distribution is equal. It is one if the criteria is concentrated on the territory. In Australia the GINI index is .30,3 (2008).
The states usually set up a poverty line, which is more or less is a subjective measure. It varies by country its base is often the minimum pension, the incomes of the poorest 20 percent, the X percent of income per capita Etc.
In Australia the people living under the poverty line is lowest 10%: 2% highhest 10%: 25.4% (1994).
About the budget and central governments debt of Australia
Available budget mainly defines the state's economy. The budget of Australia is; revenues: $420.5 billion, expenditures: $446.4 billion (2016 estimate). Taxes and other revenues are 33.5% of GDP (2016 estimate).
The budget deficit (Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)) is .
The fiscal year in Australia is 1 July - 30 June.
In country’s economy, we have to consider the public debt. Public debt is the consolidated sum of the state local, federal and central governments debt.
Inflation rate and prime lending rate in Australia
A few further interesting and important economic data are the fallowing; Inflation rate: 1.4% (2016 estimate), 1.5% (2015 estimate) and the rate of the Commercial bank prime lending rate: 5.1% (31 December 2016 estimate).
Export/import partners and data of Australia
Australia, with the export of products, industrial tools, and other services, generates revenue. The export value in Australia is: $184.3 billion (2016 estimate), $188.3 billion (2015 estimate). The total revenue of these activities: coal, iron ore, gold, meat, wool, alumina, wheat, machinery and transport equipment.
The most important imported products are: machinery and transport equipment, computers and office machines, telecommunication equipment and parts; crude oil and petroleum products, and the countries from where the import is coming: China 23%, US 11.2%, Japan 7.4%, South Korea 5.5%, Thailand 5.1%, Germany 4.6% (2015).
Renewable energies used in Australia
As an attempt to suppress the pollution of the environment, renewable energies has to replace the fossil energy. The more the proportion of renewable energies in a country means more effort against the pollution. Australia, the indicator of how much of country’s produced energy is coming from hydroelectric source is 12.7% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
To indicate how much another renewable energy is produced is the 7.6% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
Telecommunication data of Australia, calling code
To maintain the economy, the development of a reliable and modern telecommunications infrastructure is crucial. We can say the following about Australia; excellent domestic and international servicedomestic: domestic satellite system; significant use of radiotelephone in areas of low population density; rapid growth of mobile telephonesinternational: country code - 61; landing point for the SEA-ME-WE-3 optical telecommunications submarine cable with links to Asia, the Middle East, and Europe; the Southern Cross fiber-optic submarine cable provides links to NZ and the US; satellite earth stations - 10 (2015).
Transport infrastructure in Australia
In the 21st century, we often say that the world has become small and there are no distances anymore. With widespread air travel when (sometimes) there are no visa restrictions, it is easy to reach other countries, but in case the distance is not too long, we can also use railway or water transportation.
The number of airports in Australia: 480 (2013), and the number of heliports: 1 (2013).
The total length of the roadways in Australia: total: 823,217 km, paved: 356,343 km, unpaved: 466,874 km (2011).
The total length of the waterways in Australia: 2,000 km (mainly used for recreation on Murray and Murray-Darling river systems) (2011).
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Facts about Australia
Name of the country: conventional long form: Commonwealth of Australia, conventional short form: Australiaabbreviation: AS, etymology: the name Australia derives from the Latin "australis" meaning "southern"; the Australian landmass was long referred to as "Terra Australis" or the Southern Land.
|Abbrevation: Australia||Geographic coordinates:
27 00 S, 133 00 E
|Capital of Australia: Canberra||GPS of the Capital:
35 16 S 149 08 E
|Position: Oceania, continent between the Indian Ocean and the South Pacific Ocean|
|Land area: total: 7,741,220 sq km; land: 7,682,300 sq km, water: 58,920 sq km||Terrain: mostly low plateau with deserts; fertile plain in southeast
||Area comparative: slightly smaller than the US contiguous 48 states|
|Population: 22,992,654 (July 2016 estimate)||Population grow rate: 1.05% (2016 estimate)||Sex ratio: at birth: 1.06 male(s) / female, 0-14 years: 1.05 male(s) / female, 15-24 years: 1.05 male(s) / female, 25-54 years: 1.04 male(s) / female, 55-64 years: 0.98 male(s) / female, 65 years and over: 0.86 male(s) / female, total population: 1.01 male(s) / female, (2016 estimate)|
|Exports: $184.3 billion (2016 estimate), $188.3 billion (2015 estimate)||Imports: $203.1 billion (2016 estimate), $207.7 billion (2015 estimate)||Import partners: China 23%, US 11.2%, Japan 7.4%, South Korea 5.5%, Thailand 5.1%, Germany 4.6% (2015)|
|Urbanization: urban population: 89.4% of total population (2015)||Major urban area(s): Sydney 4.505 million; Melbourne 4.203 million; Brisbane 2.202 million; Perth 1.861 million; Adelaide 1.256 million; CANBERRA (capital) 423,000 (2015)||Median age: total: 38.6 years; male: 37.8 years, female: 39.4 years (2016 estimate)
|Internet users: total: 19.238 million. Percent of population: 84.6% (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (fixed lines): total subscriptions: 9.08 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 40 (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (mobile, cellular): total: 31.77 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 140 (July 2015 estimate)|
|Unemployment rate: 5.8% (2016 estimate)||Nationality: Australian(s) adjective: Australian||National holidays: Australia Day (commemorates the arrival of the First Fleet of Australian settlers), 26 January (1788); ANZAC Day (commemorates the anniversary of the landing of troops of the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps during World War I at Gallipoli, Turkey), 25 April (1915)|
|Life expectancy at birth: total population: 82.2 years. Male: 79.8 years, female: 84.8 years (2016 estimate)||Total fertility rate: 1.77 children born / woman (2016 estimate)||Birthrate: 12.1 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate)|
|Literacy: N/A||Legal system: common law system based on the English model||Suffrage: 18 years of age, universal and compulsory|
|Industries: mining, industrial and transportation equipment, food processing, chemicals, steel||Industrial production growth rate: 2% (2016 estimate)||GDP real growth rate: 2.9% (2016 estimate) 2.4% (2015 estimate) 2.7% (2014 estimate)|
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