|Borderline map of China||Location map of China||Flag of China|
Google maps and detailed facts of China, (CH). This page enables you to explore China and its border countries (Country location: Eastern Asia, bordering the East China Sea, Korea Bay, Yellow Sea, and South China Sea, between North Korea and Vietnam) through detailed Satellite imagery - fast and easy as never before Google maps.
Find comprehensive information below about this country in its diversity: Google maps, geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government, and history - All in One Wiki page.
There is also Street View and free Driving Directions at your service. Your Google Satellite Map Sightseeing in China, in Asia, starts here at Driving Directions and Maps.com.
China Google Map
The map below shows China with its cities, towns, highways, main roads, streets, and also providing Street Views. To find a location, use the form below, type any city or place and to view, just a simple map click on the "Show Map" button.
The Google map above is showing China with its location: Asia, (geographic coordinates: 35 00 N, 105 00 E) and the international borders of China; total: 22,457 km. Border countries (14): Afghanistan 91 km, Bhutan 477 km, Burma 2,129 km, India 2,659 km, Kazakhstan 1,765 km, North Korea 1,352 km, Kyrgyzstan 1,063 km, Laos 475 km, Mongolia 4,630 km, Nepal 1,389 km, Pakistan 438 km, Russia (northeast) 4,133 km, Russia (northwest) 46 km, Tajikistan 477 km, Vietnam 1,297 kmregional borders: Hong Kong 33 km, Macau 3 km furthermore it's inland counties boundaries.
Hint: Have a look at the Street view in China, or Asia. All you have to do is to drag and pull the little yellow man (named: Pegman) on the Google map above the desired location. After that, whenever it is available (more than 50 countries in the world), blue stripes will appear to show the photos and details from Google’s regularly updated data image base. In case if you have signed in to your Google account currently, you may have a look at the satellite map of this country/area as well.
The map of China, Asia is informational use only. No representation made or warranty given as to any map or its content by Driving Directions and Maps site. User assumes all risk of use of this China Google map and facts/wiki.
About China in detail
Where is China?
China, in case if you are looking on the map under the Coordinates 39 55 N 116 23 E otherwise in Asia, in Eastern Asia, bordering the East China Sea, Korea Bay, Yellow Sea, and South China Sea, between North Korea and Vietnam.
What is the capital city of China?
The capital city of China is: Beijing.
What is the time in Beijing?
It is 13 hours ahead of Washington, D.C. during Standard Time, the timezone of Beijing is: UTC+8.
What is the Internet code for China?
The Top Level Domain (TLD) for China is: .cn
What is the size of China?
The territory of China is total: 9,596,960 sq km; land: 9,326,410 sq km, water: 270,550 sq km.
If we want to describe the size of the territory of China is slightly smaller than the US.
If we would like to walk around and discover China, we can do that by covering the distance of total: 22,457 km.
What is the water coverage of China?
We have mentioned already on this website, that what percentage of China is covered by water (see below), and this includes 14,500 km coastline.
What is the climate like in China?
The climate of China is extremely diverse: tropical in south to subarctic in north.
Geographical data of China
The elevation of China; mean elevation: 1,840 m, elevation extremes; lowest point: Turpan Pendi -154 m, highest point: Mount Everest 8,850 m.
The typical geographical details of China include mostly mountains, high plateaus, deserts in west; plains, deltas, and hills in east.
If we would like to describe the countries location from a different point of view, it is safe to say, and easy to read from a map, China is world's fourth largest country (after Russia, Canada, and US) and largest country situated entirely in Asia; Mount Everest on the border with Nepal is the world's tallest peak.
Resources and land use of China
The country’s main mined products are coal, iron ore, petroleum, natural gas, mercury, tin, tungsten, antimony, manganese, molybdenum, vanadium, magnetite, aluminum, lead, zinc, rare earth elements, uranium, hydropower potential (world's largest), arable land. The population partly uses the earlier highlighted land territory and partly left in its natural state: agricultural land: 54.7%; arable land 11.3%; permanent crops 1.6%; permanent pasture 41.8%; forest: 22.3%; other: 23% (2011 estimate).
Population data of China
The number of inhabitants of China is 1,373,541,278 (July 2016 estimate).
If we examine the proportion of population distribution, it is safe to say that N/A.
If we are looking at the proportion of the urbanized and barely populated areas, these are the figures: urban population: 55.6% of total population (2015).
Most of the population in China is concentrated in Shanghai 23.741 million; BEIJING (capital) 20.384 million; Chongqing 13.332 million; Guangdong 12.458 million; Tianjin 11.21 million; Shenzhen 10.749 million (2015).
Ethnicity in China
According to ethnicity details, the ethnic groups in this country are the following: Han Chinese 91.6%, Zhuang 1.3%, other (includes Hui, Manchu, Uighur, Miao, Yi, Tujia, Tibetan, Mongol, Dong, Buyei, Yao, Bai, Korean, Hani, Li, Kazakh, Dai and other nationalities) 7.1%note: the Chinese Government officially recognizes 56 ethnic groups (2010 estimate).
Spoken languages in China
The spoken languages in China are the following: Standard Chinese or Mandarin (official language; Putonghua, based on the Beijing dialect), Yue (Cantonese), Wu (Shanghainese), Minbei (Fuzhou), Minnan (Hokkien-Taiwanese), Xiang, Gan, Hakka dialects, minority languages (see Ethnic groups entry). Note: Zhuang is official language in Guangxi Zhuang, Yue is official language in Guangdong, Mongolian is official language in Nei Mongol, Uighur is official language in Xinjiang Uygur, Kyrgyz is official language in Xinjiang Uygur, and Tibetan is official language in Xizang (Tibet).
What are the most important religions in China?
During the general census, researchers examine the churches, according to this: Buddhist 18.2%, Christian 5.1%, Muslim 1.8%, folk religion 21.9%, Hindu < 0.1%, Jewish < 0.1%, other 0.7% (includes Daoist (Taoist)), unaffiliated 52.2%note: officially atheist (2010 estimate). Further population data of China
The proportion of gender and age tells a lot about the society as follows 0-14 years: 17.1% (male 126,732,020 / female 108,172,771) 15-24 years: 13.27% (male 97,126,460 / female 85,135,228) 25-54 years: 48.42% (male 339,183,101 / female 325,836,319) 55-64 years: 10.87% (male 75,376,730 / female 73,859,424) 65 years and over: 10.35% (male 67,914,015 / female 74,205,210) (2016 estimate). It also a significant factor in a society the population growth rate, which in the case of China is 0.43% (2016 estimate).
The population growth rate is based on two elements, the birth, and the death rate. In China the birth rate is 12.4 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate), the death rate 7.7 deaths / 1,000 population (2016 estimate).
In this day and age in the developed societies, the first child borns later compared to the previous centuries and decades, so the childbearing is extended. In China the average age of mothers at the first childbirth is .
In the best case scenario despite the fact that the birth of the children is postponed, the parents are still able to see their kids grow as the life expectancy is also extended. In the case of China, these figures are . With the introduction of modern medicine, the vaccinations and the proper hygienic conditions, the infant mortality rate is in a steep decline. The infant mortality statistics in China are the following: . Relevant data is the budget of healthcare, which is in the case of this country is 5.5% of GDP (2014).
Economic data of China
If we would like to describe a country, we also have to mention its economy; Since the late 1970s, China has moved from a closed, centrally planned system to a more market-oriented one that plays a major global role. China has implemented reforms in a gradualist fashion, resulting in efficiency gains that have contributed to a morAfter keeping its currency tightly linked to the US dollar for years, China in July 2005 moved to an exchange rate system that references a basket of currencies. From mid-2005 to late 2008, the renminbi appreciated more than 20% against the US dollar, butChina’s economic growth has slowed since 2011. The Chinese Government faces numerous economic challenges including: (a) reducing its high domestic savings rate and correspondingly low domestic consumption; (b) servicing its high debt burdens to maintain fThe government's 13th Five-Year Plan, unveiled in March 2016, emphasizes the need to increase innovation and boost domestic consumption to make the economy less dependent on government investment, exports, and heavy industry. However, China has made only.
GDP is an important figure as all the relevant calculations and statistics are based on it. GDP in China is $11.39 trillion (2015 estimate).
An another important indicator is the rate of the GDP growth, which in China is 6.6% (2016 estimate) 6.9% (2015 estimate) 7.3% (2014 estimate).
These statistics are affecting the world economy, remember in 2015 when the Chinese real GDP growth rate was worse than expected; The world markets fall, and the Chinese stock exchange was temporally suspended.
A further major factor of a country’s economy, the GDP per capita. In China this is $15,400 (2016 estimate) $14,500 (2015 estimate) $13,600 (2014 estimate).
In the case of the economy, the Trinity is in common places, such as agriculture, industry, and services.
What are the agricultural products China produces?
The main agricultural products of China are world leader in gross value of agricultural output; rice, wheat, potatoes, corn, peanuts, tea, millet, barley, apples, cotton, oilseed; pork; fish.
Regarding the economy, the important segments are world leader in gross value of industrial output; mining and ore processing, iron, steel, aluminum, and other metals, coal; machine building; armaments; textiles and apparel; petroleum; cement; chemicals; fertilizers; consumer products (including footwear. The crucial and regularly mentioned GDP is based on world leader in gross value of industrial output; mining and ore processing, iron, steel, aluminum, and other metals, coal; machine building; armaments; textiles and apparel; petroleum; cement; chemicals; fertilizers; consumer products (including footwear.
Drinking water source in China
It is important to mention, that - thanks to the development of the infrastructure -, the rate of potable water improved: urban: 97.5% of population, rural: 93% of population, total: 95.5% of population. Unimproved: urban: 2.5% of population, rural: 7% of population, total: 4.5% of population (2015 estimate).
Average number of childbirth in China
In China the average number of childbirth is 1.6 children born / woman (2016 estimate).
Population, median age, migration, and citizenship in China
The average age of the population is total: 37.1 years; male: 36.2 years, female: 38.1 years (2016 estimate). The age of adulthood varies in every country of the world in China it is 18 years of age, universal.
In this age when we are experiencing an unprecedented scale of migration and globalization, it is an important factor the number of new coming immigrants. In China is -0.4 migrant(s) / 1,000 population (2016 estimate). It is important to know, how to apply for citizenship: citizenship by birth: no. Citizenship by descent only: least one parent must be a citizen of China. Dual citizenship recognized: no. Residency requirement for naturalization: while naturalization is theoretically possible, in practical terms it is extremely difficult; residency is required but not specified.
Is China a safe destination? Healthcare services and contagious diseases in China
Many of the travelers are looking into the healthcare services and contagious diseases of their destinations. In China density of the hospital beds is 3.8 beds / 1,000 population (2011).
According to WHO rating regarding contagious diseases in China the degree of risk: intermediatefood or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fevervectorborne disease: Japanese encephalitissoil contact disease: hantaviral hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) (2016).
However, the HIV is not curable but maintainable. Let’s do not forget when the disease surfaced it was a world threatening condition. Unfortunately, in some countries, it is still very high the number of infected patients and fatalities as a result of the disease.
In China the number of HIV/AIDS deaths: .
Regarding tourism the obesity, not an important issue, but we have to mention among the health statistics, as it is the plague of the 20th and the 21st century. The rate obese adults in China is 7.3% (2014).
What are the natural hazards China? Is there any?
The most known natural risks in China are frequent typhoons (about five per year along southern and eastern coasts); damaging floods; tsunamis; earthquakes; droughts; land subsidencevolcanism: China contains some historically active volcanoes including Changbaishan (also known as Baitoushan, Baegdu, or P'aektu-san), Hainan Dao, and Kunlun although most have been relatively inactive in recent centuries.
More interesting facts about China
A few words about the past, as every country and society its connected to its history; For centuries China stood as a leading civilization, outpacing the rest of the world in the arts and sciences, but in the 19th and early 20th centuries, the country was beset by civil unrest, major famines, military defeats, and foreign occupation. After World War II, the communists under MAO Zedong established an autocratic socialist system that, while ensuring China's sovereignty, imposed strict controls over everyday life and cost the lives of tens of millions of people. After 1978, MAO's successor DENG Xiaoping and other leaders focused on market-oriented economic development and by 2000 output had quadrupled. For much of the population, living standards have improved dramatically and the room for personal choice has expanded, yet political controls remain tight. Since the early 1990s, China has increased its global outreach and participation in international organizations..
In every nation's memory, there are cornerstones that placed the country on the timeline of history. The date of declaration of independence of China: 1 October 1949 (People's Republic of China established); notable earlier dates: 221 B.C. (unification under the Qin Dynasty); 1 January 1912 (Qing Dynasty replaced by the Republic of China).
The flag and other symbols of China
The colors, symbols, and animals on the flag usually have a historical background or related to an important milestone or memory of the nation.
This case is not an exception either, red with a large yellow five-pointed star and four smaller yellow five-pointed stars (arranged in a vertical arc toward the middle of the flag) in the upper hoist-side corner; the color red represents revolution, while the stars symbolize the four social classes - the working class, the peasantry, the urban petty bourgeoisie, and the national bourgeoisie (capitalists) - united under the Communist Party of China.
Apart from the flag, the symbol of the national unity is the national anthem. The main purpose of the anthem is to share the nation's core values, endeavors, and the patriotic feelings.
National symbols of China: dragon; national colors: red, yellow.
Constitution of China
The existence of the nation based on the constitution. Some constitutions knew around the world, like the U.S. Constitution that accepted on 17th of September 1787, in Philadelphia, the Constitution of the United States of America.
It is not related to the declaration of independence that was stolen by Nicolas Cage in the movie National Treasure 🙂
What is the legal system of China?
Most of the times, the legal system of a country is in the focus of lawyers. It is a common fact that there are two main approaches in the world, “the law in books” and “the law in action.”
In the Anglo-Saxon world, the practice is the “law in action” while in the rest of the world where the law based on Roman law, the “law in books.”
The legal system of China is civil law influenced by Soviet and continental European civil law systems; legislature retains power to interpret statutes; note - criminal procedure law revised in early 2012.
It was Aristotle, who founded Theory of 3 separations of powers. In his view, these are the council of public affairs, the magistrates, and the justice system. In the age of enlightenment was the time when terminologies have defined, the way we still use them. In most of the democratic countries, the three authorities separated from each other. In dictatorships, the authorities usually interweaved in one hand.
About the legislative branch of China, we can highlight the following structures unicameral National People's Congress or Quanguo Renmin Daibiao Dahui (2,987 seats; members indirectly elected by municipal, regional, and provincial people's congresses, and the People's Liberation Army; members serve 5-year terms); note - in practice, only members of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), its 8 allied parties, and CCP-approved independent candidates are electedelections: last held in December 2012-February 2013 (next to be held in late 2017 to early 2018)election results: percent of vote - NA; seats - 2,987.
About the unemployment rate, labor force, and poverty line in China
One of the major problems of the 21st-century economy is the unemployment. Governments are struggling to maintain a low level of the unemployment rate, but as a result of automation, the cheap 3rd world labor and the outsourcing of workflow, these attempts are failing. In China the labor force is 805.9 million (2016 estimate). Please bear in mind that the population in China is total: 12.2 deaths / 1,000 live births; male: 12.4 deaths / 1,000 live births, female: 12 deaths / 1,000 live births (2016 estimate) - as we already mentioned above.
The rate of unemployment in China is 4.2% (2016 estimate).
It is widely known that the gap between the rich and poor is widening on an enormous scale.
According to the 2017 shocking Oxfam report, the richest eight people’s fortune is equal to the fortune of the poorest half of the world's population.
In China, the income of the households and consumption compared to the entire population: lowest 10%: 1.7% highhest 10%: 30%note: data are for urban households only (2009).
Another widely used indicator is the so-called GINI index, which measures the inequalities of statistical dispersion, but mainly used for measuring the sharing of income and fortune.
The GINI index is named after its founder Corrado Gini an Italian economist. Gini index has grades between 0-1, but often it is used on a percentage basis. It is 0 if the examined criteria territorial distribution is equal. It is one if the criteria is concentrated on the territory. In China the GINI index is .46,9 (2014 estimate).
The states usually set up a poverty line, which is more or less is a subjective measure. It varies by country its base is often the minimum pension, the incomes of the poorest 20 percent, the X percent of income per capita Etc.
In China the people living under the poverty line is lowest 10%: 1.7% highhest 10%: 30%note: data are for urban households only (2009).
About the budget and central governments debt of China
Available budget mainly defines the state's economy. The budget of China is; revenues: $2.465 trillionexpenditures: $2.897 trillion (2016 estimate). Taxes and other revenues are 21.6% of GDP (2016 estimate).
The budget deficit (Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)) is .
The fiscal year in China is calendar year.
In country’s economy, we have to consider the public debt. Public debt is the consolidated sum of the state local, federal and central governments debt.
Inflation rate and prime lending rate in China
A few further interesting and important economic data are the fallowing; Inflation rate: 2.3% (2016 estimate), 1.5% (2015 estimate) and the rate of the Commercial bank prime lending rate: 4.4% (31 December 2016 estimate).
Export/import partners and data of China
China, with the export of products, industrial tools, and other services, generates revenue. The export value in China is: $2.011 trillion (2016 estimate), $2.143 trillion (2015 estimate). The total revenue of these activities: electrical and other machinery, including data processing equipment, apparel, furniture, textiles, integrated circuits.
The most important export partners of China are the US 18%, Hong Kong 14.6%, Japan 6%, South Korea 4.5% (2015).
The most important imported products are: electrical and other machinery, oil and mineral fuels; nuclear reactor, boiler, and machinery components; optical and medical equipment, metal ores, motor vehicles; soybeans, and the countries from where the import is coming: South Korea 10.9%, US 9%, Japan 8.9%, Germany 5.5%, Australia 4.1% (2015).
Renewable energies used in China
As an attempt to suppress the pollution of the environment, renewable energies has to replace the fossil energy. The more the proportion of renewable energies in a country means more effort against the pollution. China, the indicator of how much of country’s produced energy is coming from hydroelectric source is 22.2% of total installed capacity (2014 estimate).
To indicate how much another renewable energy is produced is the 9% of total installed capacity (2014 estimate).
Telecommunication data of China, calling code
To maintain the economy, the development of a reliable and modern telecommunications infrastructure is crucial. We can say the following about China; domestic and international services are increasingly available for private use; unevenly distributed domestic system serves principal cities, industrial centers, and many towns; China continues to develop its telecommunications infrastructure; China in thdomestic: interprovincial fiber-optic trunk lines and cellular telephone systems have been installed; mobile-cellular subscribership is increasing rapidly; the number of Internet users now over 50% of the population; a domestic satellite system with several earth sinternational: country code - 86; a number of submarine cables provide connectivity to Asia, the Middle East, Europe, and the US; satellite earth stations - 7 (5 Intelsat - 4 Pacific Ocean and 1 Indian Ocean; 1 Intersputnik - Indian Ocean region; and 1 Inmarsat - Pacifi (2012).
Transport infrastructure in China
In the 21st century, we often say that the world has become small and there are no distances anymore. With widespread air travel when (sometimes) there are no visa restrictions, it is easy to reach other countries, but in case the distance is not too long, we can also use railway or water transportation.
The number of airports in China: 507 (2013), and the number of heliports: 47 (2013).
The total length of the roadways in China: total: 4,106,387 km, paved: 3,453,890 km (includes 84,946 km of expressways), unpaved: 652,497 km (2011).
The total length of the waterways in China: 110,000 km (navigable waterways) (2011).
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Facts & data about China
Name of the country: conventional long form: People's Republic of China, conventional short form: China, local long form: Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo, local short form: Zhongguoabbreviation: PRC, etymology: English name derives from the Qin (Chin) rulers of the 3rd century B.C., who comprised the first imperial dynasty of ancient China; the Chinese name Zhongguo translates as "Central Nation".
|Abbrevation: China||Geographic coordinates:
35 00 N, 105 00 E
|Country location: Asia|
|Capital of China: Beijing||GPS of the Capital:
39 55 N 116 23 E
|Position: Eastern Asia, bordering the East China Sea, Korea Bay, Yellow Sea, and South China Sea, between North Korea and Vietnam|
|Land area: total: 9,596,960 sq km; land: 9,326,410 sq km, water: 270,550 sq km||Terrain: mostly mountains, high plateaus, deserts in west; plains, deltas, and hills in east
||Area comparative: slightly smaller than the US|
|Population: 1,373,541,278 (July 2016 estimate)||Population grow rate: 0.43% (2016 estimate)||Sex ratio: at birth: 1.15 male(s) / female, 0-14 years: 1.17 male(s) / female, 15-24 years: 1.14 male(s) / female, 25-54 years: 1.04 male(s) / female, 55-64 years: 1.02 male(s) / female, 65 years and over: 0.92 male(s) / female, total population: 1.06 male(s) / female, (2016 estimate)|
|Exports: $2.011 trillion (2016 estimate), $2.143 trillion (2015 estimate)||Imports: $1.437 trillion (2016 estimate), $1.576 trillion (2015 estimate)||Import partners: South Korea 10.9%, US 9%, Japan 8.9%, Germany 5.5%, Australia 4.1% (2015)|
|Urbanization: urban population: 55.6% of total population (2015)||Major urban area(s): Shanghai 23.741 million; BEIJING (capital) 20.384 million; Chongqing 13.332 million; Guangdong 12.458 million; Tianjin 11.21 million; Shenzhen 10.749 million (2015)||Median age: total: 37.1 years; male: 36.2 years, female: 38.1 years (2016 estimate)
|Internet users: total: 687.845 million. Percent of population: 50.3% (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (fixed lines): total subscriptions: 230.996 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 17 (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (mobile, cellular): total: 1,305.738 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 95 (July 2015 estimate)|
|Unemployment rate: 4.2% (2016 estimate)||Nationality: Chinese (singular and plural) adjective: Chinese||National holidays: National Day, the anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China, 1 October (1949)|
|Life expectancy at birth: total population: 75.5 years. Male: 73.5 years, female: 77.9 years (2016 estimate)||Total fertility rate: 1.6 children born / woman (2016 estimate)||Birthrate: 12.4 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate)|
|Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write. Total population: 96.4%; male: 98.2%, female: 94.5% (2015 estimate)||Legal system: civil law influenced by Soviet and continental European civil law systems; legislature retains power to interpret statutes; note - criminal procedure law revised in early 2012||Suffrage: 18 years of age, universal|
|Industries: world leader in gross value of industrial output; mining and ore processing, iron, steel, aluminum, and other metals, coal; machine building; armaments; textiles and apparel; petroleum; cement; chemicals; fertilizers; consumer products (including footwear||Industrial production growth rate: 6.1% (2016 estimate)||GDP real growth rate: 6.6% (2016 estimate) 6.9% (2015 estimate) 7.3% (2014 estimate)|
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