|Borderline map of Bhutan||Location map of Bhutan||Flag of Bhutan|
Google maps and detailed facts of Bhutan (BT). This page enables you to explore Bhutan and its border countries (Country location: Southern Asia, between China and India) through detailed Satellite imagery – fast and easy as never before Google maps.
Find comprehensive information below about this country in its diversity: Google maps, geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government, and history – All in One Wiki page.
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Bhutan Google maps™
The map below shows Bhutan with its cities, towns, highways, main roads, streets, and also providing Street Views. To find a location, use the form below, type any city or place, and to view, just a simple map click on the “Show map” button.
The Google map above is showing Bhutan with its location: Asia (geographic coordinates: 27 30 N, 90 30 E) and the international borders of Bhutan; total: 1,136 km. Border countries (total: 2): China 477 km, India 659 km; furthermore, it’s inland counties boundaries.
Hint: Have a look at the Street view in Bhutan, or Asia. All you have to do is to drag and pull the little yellow man (named: Pegman) on the Google map above the desired location. After that, whenever it is available (more than 50 countries in the world), blue stripes will appear to show the photos and details from Google’s regularly updated data image base. In case if you have signed in to your Google account currently, you may have a look at the satellite map of this country/area as well.
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About Bhutan in detail
Where is Bhutan?
Bhutan, in case, if you are looking on the map under the Coordinates 27 28 N 89 38 E otherwise in Asia, in Southern Asia, between China and India.
What is the capital city of Bhutan?
The capital city of Bhutan is: Thimphu.
What is the time in Thimphu?
It is 11 hours ahead of Washington, D.C. during Standard Time, the timezone of Thimphu is: UTC+6.
What is the Internet code for Bhutan?
The Top Level Domain (TLD) for Bhutan is: .bt
What is the size of Bhutan?
The territory of Bhutan is total: 38,394 sq km; land: 38,394 sq km, water: 0 sq km.
If we want to describe the size of the territory of Bhutan is about one-half the size of Indiana.
If we would like to walk around and discover Bhutan, we can do that by covering a distance of total: 1,136 km.
What is the water coverage of Bhutan?
We have already mentioned on this website, that what percentage of Bhutan is covered by water (see below), and this includes 0 km (landlocked country) coastline.
What is the climate like in Bhutan?
The climate of Bhutan is varies: tropical in southern plains: cool winters and hot summers in central valleys: severe winters and cool summers in Himalayas.
Geographical data of Bhutan
The elevation of Bhutan; mean elevation: 2,220 m, elevation extremes; lowest point: Drangeme Chhu 97 m, highest point: Gangkar Puensum 7,570 m.
The typical geographical details of Bhutan include mostly mountainous with some fertile valleys and savanna.
If we would like to describe the countries location from a different point of view, it is safe to say, and easy to read from a map, Bhutan is landlocked country; strategic location between China and India; controls several key Himalayan mountain passes.
Resources and land use of Bhutan
The country’s main mined products are timber, hydropower, gypsum, calcium carbonate. The population partly uses the earlier highlighted land territory and partly left in its natural state: agricultural land: 13.6%; arable land 2.6%; permanent crops 0.3%; permanent pasture 10.7%; forest: 85.5%; other: 0.9% (2011 estimate).
Population data of Bhutan
The number of inhabitants of Bhutan is 750,125 (July 2016 estimate).
If we examine the proportion of the population distribution, it is safe to say that N/A.
If we are looking at the proportion of the urbanized and barely populated areas, these are the figures: urban population: 38.6% of the total population (2015).
Most of the population in Bhutan is concentrated in THIMPHU (capital) 152,000 (2014).
Ethnicity in Bhutan
According to ethnicity details, the ethnic groups in this country are the following: Ngalop (also known as Bhote) 50%, ethnic Nepalese 35% (includes Lhotsampas – one of several Nepalese ethnic groups), indigenous or migrant tribes 15%.
Spoken languages in Bhutan
The spoken languages in Bhutan are the following: Sharchhopka 28%, Dzongkha (official language) 24%, Lhotshamkha 22%, other 26% (includes foreign languages) (2005 estimate).
What are the most important religions in Bhutan?
During the general census, researchers examine the churches, according to this: Lamaistic Buddhist 75.3%, Indian- and Nepalese-influenced Hinduism 22.1%, other 2.6% (2005 estimate).
Further population data of Bhutan
The proportion of gender and age tells a lot about the society as follows 0-14 years: 26.27% (male 100,672 / female 96,368) 15-24 years: 19.21% (male 73,398 / female 70,704) 25-54 years: 42.39% (male 169,079 / female 148,873) 55-64 years: 5.94% (male 23,869 / female 20,656) 65 years and over: 6.2% (male 24,301 / female 22,205) (2016 estimate). It also a significant factor in a society the population growth rate, which in the case of Bhutan is 1.09% (2016 estimate).
The population growth rate based on two elements, the birth, and the death rate. In Bhutan the birth rate is 17.5 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate), the death rate 6.6 deaths / 1,000 population (2016 estimate).
In this day and age in developed societies, the first child borns later compared to the previous centuries and decades, so childbearing is extended. In Bhutan, the average age of mothers at the first childbirth is .
In the best-case scenario, although the birth of the children postponed, the parents are still able to see their kids grow as life expectancy also extended. In the case of Bhutan, these figures are. With the introduction of modern medicine, vaccinations, and the proper hygienic conditions, the infant mortality rate is in a steep decline. The infant mortality statistics in Bhutan are the following: . Relevant data is the budget of healthcare, which is in the case of this country is 3.6% of GDP (2014).
Economic data of Bhutan
If we would like to describe a country, we also have to mention its economy; Bhutan’s economy, small and less developed, is based largely on hydropower, agriculture, and forestry, which provide the main livelihood for more than half of the population. Because rugged mountains dominate the terrain and make the building of roads andMultilateral development organizations administer most educational, social, and environment programs, and take into account the government’s desire to protect the country’s environment and cultural traditions. For example, the government, in its cautiousBhutan’s largest export – hydropower to India – could spur sustainable growth in the coming years if Bhutan resolves chronic delays in construction. Bhutan currently taps only 5% of its 30,000-megawatt hydropower potential and is behind schedule in buildi.
GDP is a prominent figure, as all the relevant calculations and statistics based on it. GDP in Bhutan is $2.085 billion (2015 estimate).
Another important indicator is the rate of the GDP growth, which in Bhutan is 6% (2016 estimate) 5.2% (2015 estimate) 3.8% (2014 estimate).
These statistics are affecting the world economy; remember in 2015, when the Chinese real GDP growth rate was worse than expected; The world markets fall, and the Chinese stock exchange temporally suspended.
A further major factor of a country’s economy, the GDP per capita. In Bhutan this is $8,100 (2016 estimate) $7,800 (2015 estimate) $7,500 (2014 estimate).
In the case of the economy, the Trinity is in common places, such as agriculture, industry, and services.
What are the agricultural products Bhutan produces?
The main agricultural products of Bhutan are rice, corn, root crops, citrus; dairy products, eggs.
Regarding the economy, the important segments are cement, wood products, processed fruits, alcoholic beverages, calcium carbide, tourism. The crucial and regularly mentioned GDP is based on cement, wood products, processed fruits, alcoholic beverages, calcium carbide, tourism.
Drinking water source in Bhutan
It is important to mention, that – thanks to the development of the infrastructure -, the rate of potable water improved: urban: 100% of the population, rural: 100% of the population, total: 100% of the population. Unimproved: urban: 0% of the population, rural: 0% of the population, total: 0% of the population (2015 estimate).
The average number of childbirth in Bhutan
In Bhutan, the average number of delivery is 1.93 children born / woman (2016 estimate).
Population, median age, migration, and citizenship in Bhutan
The average age of the population is total: 27.2 years; male: 27.7 years, female: 26.6 years (2016 estimate). The age of adulthood varies in every country of the world in Bhutan it is 18 years of age, universal.
In this age, when we are experiencing an unprecedented scale of migration and globalization, it is an important factor the number of new coming immigrants. In Bhutan is 0 migrant(s) / 1,000 population (2016 estimate). It is important to know, how to apply for citizenship: citizenship by birth: no. Citizenship by descent only: the father must be a citizen of Bhutan. Dual citizenship recognized: no. Residency requirement for naturalization: 10 years.
Is Bhutan a safe destination? Healthcare services and infectious diseases in Bhutan
Many of the travelers are looking into the healthcare services and infectious diseases of their destinations. In Bhutan density of the hospital beds is 1.8 beds / 1,000 population (2012).
According to WHO rating regarding contagious diseases in Bhutan the degree of risk: highfood or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fevervectorborne diseases: dengue fever (2016).
However, HIV is not curable but maintainable. Let’s do not forget when the disease surfaced it was a world threatening condition. Unfortunately, in some countries, it is still very high the number of infected patients and fatalities as a result of the disease.
In Bhutan the number of HIV/AIDS deaths: N/A.
Regarding tourism obesity, not an important issue, but we have to mention among the health statistics, as it is the plague of the 20th and the 21st century. The rate of obese adults in Bhutan is 5.9% (2014).
What are the natural hazards in Bhutan? Is there any?
The most known natural risks in Bhutan are violent storms from the Himalayas are the source of the country’s Bhutanese name, which translates as Land of the Thunder Dragon; frequent landslides during the rainy season.
More interesting facts about Bhutan
A few words about the past, as every country and society, is connected to its history; Following Britain’s victory in the 1865 Duar War, Britain and Bhutan signed the Treaty of Sinchulu, under which Bhutan would receive an annual subsidy in exchange for ceding land to British India. Ugyen WANGCHUCK – who had served as the de facto ruler of an increasingly unified Bhutan and had improved relations with the British toward the end of the 19th century – was named king in 1907. Three years later, a treaty was signed whereby the British agreed not to interfere in Bhutanese internal affairs, and Bhutan allowed Britain to direct its foreign affairs. Bhutan negotiated a similar arrangement with independent India after 1947. Two years later, a formal Indo-Bhutanese accord returned to Bhutan a small piece of the territory annexed by the British, formalized the annual subsidies the country received, and defined India’s responsibilities in defense and foreign relations. Under a succession of modernizing monarchs beginning in the 1950s, Bhutan joined the UN in 1971 and slowly continued its engagement beyond its borders.In March 2005, King Jigme Singye WANGCHUCK unveiled the government’s draft constitution – which introduced major democratic reforms – and held a national referendum for its approval. In December 2006, the King abdicated the throne in favor of his son, Jigme Khesar Namgyel WANGCHUCK. In early 2007, India and Bhutan renegotiated their treaty, eliminating the clause that stated that Bhutan would be “guided by” India in conducting its foreign policy, although Thimphu continues to coordinate closely with New Delhi. Elections for seating the country’s first parliament were completed in March 2008; the king ratified the country’s first constitution in July 2008. Bhutan experienced a peaceful turnover of power following parliamentary elections in 2013, which resulted in the defeat of the incumbent party. The disposition of some 18,000 refugees of the roughly 100,000 who fled or were forced out of Bhutan in the 1990s – and who are housed in two UN refugee camps in Nepal – remains unresolved.
In every nation’s memory, some cornerstones placed the country on the timeline of history. The date of declaration of independence of Bhutan: 17 December 1907 (became a unified kingdom under its first hereditary king).
The flag and other symbols of Bhutan
The colors, symbols, and animals on the flag usually have a historical background or related to an important milestone or memory of the nation.
This case is not an exception either, divided diagonally from the lower hoist-side corner; the upper triangle is yellow and the lower triangle is orange; centered along the dividing line is a large black and white dragon facing away from the hoist side; the dragon, called the Druk (Thunder Dragon), is the emblem of the nation; its white color stands for purity and the jewels in its claws symbolize wealth; the background colors represent spiritual and secular powers within Bhutan: the orange is associated with Buddhism, while the yellow denotes the ruling dynasty.
Apart from the flag, the symbol of national unity is the national anthem. The primary purpose of the anthem is to share the nation’s core values, endeavors, and patriotic feelings.
National symbols of Bhutan: thunder dragon known as Druk Gyalpo; national colors: orange, yellow.
Constitution of Bhutan
The existence of the nation based on the constitution. Some constitutions knew around the world, like the U.S. Constitution that accepted on 17th of September 1787, in Philadelphia, the Constitution of the United States of America.
It is not related to the declaration of independence that was stolen by Nicolas Cage in the movie National Treasure 🙂
What is the legal system of Bhutan?
Most of the time, the legal system of a country is in the focus of lawyers. It is a common fact that there are two main approaches in the world, “the law in books” and “the law in action.”
In the Anglo-Saxon world, the practice is the “law in action” while in the rest of the world where the law based on Roman law, the “law in books.”
The legal system of Bhutan is civil law based on Buddhist religious law.
It was Aristotle who founded the Theory of 3 separations of powers. In his view, these are the council of public affairs, the magistrates, and the justice system. In the age of enlightenment was the time when terminologies have defined the way we still use them. In most democratic countries, the three authorities separated from each other. In dictatorships, the authorities usually interweaved in one hand.
About the legislative branch of Bhutan, we can highlight the following structures bicameral Parliament or Chi Tshog consists of the non-partisan National Council or Gyelyong Tshogde (25 seats; 20 members directly elected in single-seat constituencies by simple majority vote and 5 members appointed by the king; members serve 5-year terms) and the National Assembly or Tshogdu (47 seats; members directly elected in single-seat constituencies by proportional representation vote to serve 5-year terms)elections: National Council election last held on 23 April 2013 (next to be held in 2018); National Assembly election first round held on 31 May 2013 and second round on 13 July 2013election results: National Council – seats by party – independent 20 (all candidates required to run as independents; National Assembly – first round – percent of vote by party – DPT 44.5%; PDP 32.5%; DNT 17.0%; DCT 5.9%; second round – percent of vote by party – PDP 54.9%, DPT 45.1%; seats by party – PDP 32, DPT 15.
About the unemployment rate, labor force, and poverty line in Bhutan
One of the major problems of the 21st-century economy is unemployment. Governments are struggling to maintain a low level of unemployment rate. Still, as a result of automation, the cheap 3rd world labor and the outsourcing of workflow, these attempts are failing. In Bhutan the labor force is 348,800 (2015 estimate). Please bear in mind that the population in Bhutan is total: 33.9 deaths / 1,000 live births; male: 34.2 deaths / 1,000 live births, female: 33.6 deaths / 1,000 live births (2016 estimate) – as we already mentioned above.
The rate of unemployment in Bhutan is 2.6% (2014 estimate).
Widely known that the gap between the rich and poor is widening on an enormous scale.
According to the 2017 shocking Oxfam report, the richest eight people’s fortune is equal to the wealth of the poorest half of the world’s population.
In Bhutan, the income of the households and consumption compared to the entire population: lowest 10%: 2.8% highest 10%: 30.6% (2012).
Another widely used indicator is the so-called GINI index, which measures the inequalities of statistical dispersion, but mainly used for measuring the sharing of income and fortune.
The GINI index named after its founder Corrado Gini, an Italian economist. Gini index has grades between 0-1, but often it is used on a percentage basis. It is 0 if the examined criteria territorial distribution is equal. It is one of the criteria concentrated on the territory. In Bhutan, the GINI index is .38,7 (2012).
The states usually set up a poverty line, which is more or less, is a subjective measure. It varies by country; its base is often the minimum pension, the incomes of the most deficient 20 percent, the X percent of income per capita Etc.
In Bhutan, the people living under the poverty line are the lowest 10%: 2.8% highest 10%: 30.6% (2012).
About the budget and central governments debt of Bhutan
The available budget mainly defines the state’s economy. The budget of Bhutan is; revenues: $640.4 million, expenditures: $703.3 million. Note: the government of India finances nearly one-quarter of Bhutan’s budget expenditures (2016 estimate). Taxes and other revenues are 30.7% of GDP (2016 estimate).
The budget deficit (Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)) is .
The fiscal year in Bhutan is 1 July – 30 June.
In the country’s economy, we have to consider the public debt. Public debt is the consolidated sum of the state’s local, federal, and central government debt.
Inflation rate and prime lending rate in Bhutan
A few further interesting and relevant economic data are the following; Inflation rate: 2.9% (2016 estimate), 4.5% (2015 estimate), and the rate of the Commercial bank prime lending rate: 13.7% (31 December 2016 estimate).
Export/import partners and data of Bhutan
Bhutan, with the export of products, industrial tools, and other services, generates revenue. The export value in Bhutan is: $500 million (2016 estimate), $580.3 million (2015 estimate). The total revenue of these activities: electricity (to India), ferrosilicon, cement, calcium carbide, copper wire, manganese, vegetable oil.
The most important export partners of Bhutan are the India 83.8%, Hong Kong 10.8% (2013 estimate).
The most important imported products are fuel and lubricants, passenger cars, machinery and parts, fabrics, rice, and the countries from where the import is coming: India 72.3%, South Korea 6% (2013 estimate).
Renewable energies used in Bhutan
As an attempt to suppress the pollution of the environment, renewable energies have to replace fossil energy. The more the proportion of renewable energies in a country means more effort against the pollution. Bhutan, the indicator of how much of the country’s produced energy coming from the hydroelectric source, is 99.3% of total installed capacity (2013 estimate).
To indicate how much another renewable energy produced is 0% of total installed capacity (2013 estimate).
Telecommunication data of Bhutan, calling code
To maintain the economy, the development of a reliable and modern telecommunications infrastructure is crucial. We can say the following about Bhutan; urban towns and district headquarters have telecommunications servicesdomestic: domestic service inadequate, especially in rural areas; mobile-cellular service, begun in 2003, is now widely availableinternational: country code – 975; international telephone and telegraph service via landline and microwave relay through India; satellite earth station – 1 Intelsat (2015).
Transport infrastructure in Bhutan
In the 21st century, we often say that the world has become small and there are no distances anymore. With widespread air travel when (sometimes) there are no visa restrictions, it is easy to reach other countries, but in case the distance is not too long, we can also use railway or water transportation.
The number of airports in Bhutan: 2 (2013), and the number of heliports: N/A.
The total length of the roadways in Bhutan: total: 10,578 km, paved: 2,975 km (includes 2,180 km of natonal highways), unpaved: 7,603 km (2013).
The total length of the waterways in Bhutan: N/A.
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Facts & data about Bhutan
Name of the country: conventional long form: Kingdom of Bhutan, conventional short form: Bhutan, local long form: Druk Gyalkhap, local short form: Druk Yul, etymology: named after the Bhotia, the ethnic Tibetans who migrated from Tibet to Bhutan; Bod is the Tibetan name for their land; the Bhutanese name “Druk Yul” means “Land of the Thunder Dragon”.
|Abbrevation: Bhutan||Geographic coordinates:|
27 30 N, 90 30 E
|Country location: Asia|
|Capital of Bhutan: Thimphu||GPS of the Capital:|
27 28 N 89 38 E
|Position: Southern Asia, between China and India|
|Land area: total: 38,394 sq km; land: 38,394 sq km, water: 0 sq km||Terrain: mostly mountainous with some fertile valleys and savanna||Area comparative: about one-half the size of Indiana|
|Population: 750,125 (July 2016 estimate)||Population grow rate: 1.09% (2016 estimate)||Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s) / female, 0-14 years: 1.04 male(s) / female, 15-24 years: 1.04 male(s) / female, 25-54 years: 1.14 male(s) / female, 55-64 years: 1.16 male(s) / female, 65 years and over: 1.1 male(s) / female, total population: 1.09 male(s) / female (2016 estimate)|
|Exports: $500 million (2016 estimate), $580.3 million (2015 estimate)||Imports: $1.1 billion (2016 estimate), $997 million (2015 estimate)||Import partners: India 72.3%, South Korea 6% (2013 estimate)|
|Urbanization: urban population: 38.6% of the total population (2015)||Major urban area(s): THIMPHU (capital) 152,000 (2014)||Median age: total: 27.2 years; male: 27.7 years, female: 26.6 years (2016 estimate)|
|Internet users: total: 295,000. Percent of the population: 39.8% (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (fixed lines): total subscriptions: 21,811. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 3 (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (mobile, cellular): total: 676,000. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 91 (July 2015 estimate)|
|Unemployment rate: 2.6% (2014 estimate)||Nationality: Bhutanese (singular and plural) adjective: Bhutanese||National holidays: National Day (Ugyen WANGCHUCK became first hereditary king), 17 December (1907)|
|Life expectancy at birth: total population: 70.1 years. Male: 69.1 years, female: 71.1 years (2016 estimate)||Total fertility rate: 1.93 children born / woman (2016 estimate)||Birthrate: 17.5 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate)|
|Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write. Total population: 64.9%; male: 73.1%, female: 55% (2015 estimate)||Legal system: civil law based on Buddhist religious law||Suffrage: 18 years of age, universal|
|Industries: cement, wood products, processed fruits, alcoholic beverages, calcium carbide, tourism||Industrial production growth rate: 6.5% (2016 estimate)||GDP real growth rate: 6% (2016 estimate) 5.2% (2015 estimate) 3.8% (2014 estimate)|
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