Google maps and detailed facts of Canada (CA). This page enables you to explore Canada and its border countries (Country Location: Northern North America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean on the east, North Pacific Ocean on the west, and the Arctic Ocean on the north, north of the conterminous US) through detailed Satellite imagery – fast and easy as never before Google maps.
Find comprehensive information below about this country in its diversity: Google maps, geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government, and history – All in One Wiki page.
There is also Street View and free Driving Directions at your service. Your Google Satellite Map Sightseeing in Canada, in North America, starts here at Driving Directions and Maps.com.
Canada Google Maps & Satellite Maps
Canada extends from the Arctic to its US border along the 49th parallel. Unified under British rule from 1763, its development and expansion attracted large-scale immigration.
The world’s second-largest country, stretching north to Cape Colombia on Ellesmere Island, south to Lake Erie, and across five time zones from the Pacific seaboard to Newfoundland. Arctic tundra and islands in the far north give way southward to forests, interspersed with lakes and rivers, and then the vast Canadian Shield, which covers over half the area of Canada. The Rocky Mountains in the west, beyond which are the Coast Mountains, islands, and fjords. Fertile lowlands in the east.
The map below shows Canada with its cities, towns, highways, main roads, streets, and Street Views. To find a location, use the form below, type any city or place, view just a simple map, and click on the “show map” button.
The Google map above shows Canada with its location: North America (geographic coordinates: 60 00 N, 95 00 W) and the international borders of Canada; total: 8,893 km. Border countries (total: 1): United States 8,893 km (includes 2,477 km with Alaska). Note: Canada is the world’s largest country that borders only one country; furthermore, its inland boundaries.
Hint: Look at the Street view in Canada or North America. All you have to do is drag and pull the little yellow man (named: Pegman) on the Google map above the desired location. After that, whenever it is available (in more than 50 countries globally), blue stripes will appear to show the photos and details from Google’s regularly updated data image base. If you have signed in to your Google account currently, you may have a look at the satellite map of this country/area as well.
The map of Canada, North America is for informational use only. No representation is made or warrantied given any map or its content by Driving Directions and Maps site. The user assumes all risks of using this Canada Google map and facts/wiki.
About Canada in detail
Where is Canada?
Canada, in case if you are looking on the map under the Coordinates 45 25 N 75 42 W otherwise in North America, in Northern North America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean on the east, North Pacific Ocean on the west, and the Arctic Ocean on the north, north of the conterminous US.
What is the capital city of Canada?
The capital city of Canada is Ottawa.
What is the time in Ottawa?
It is the same time as Washington, D.C., during Standard Time. Ottawa’s timezone is UTC-5.
What is the Internet code for Canada?
The Top Level Domain (TLD) for Canada is: .ca
What is the size of Canada?
The territory of Canada is total: 9,984,670 sq km; land: 9,093,507 sq km, water: 891,163 sq km.
If we want to describe the size of the territory of Canada is slightly larger than the US.
If we would like to walk around and discover Canada, we can do that by covering a total of 8,893 km.
What is the water coverage of Canada?
We have already mentioned what percentage of Canada is covered by water (see below), which includes 202,080 km. Note: the Canadian Arctic Archipelago – consisting of 36,563 islands, some of the world’s most extensive – contributes to Canada easily having the longest coastline in the world coastline.
What is the climate like in Canada?
The climate of Canada varies from temperate in the south to subarctic and arctic in the north.
Geographical data of Canada
Canada’s elevation includes 487 m, elevation extremes, lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m, highest point: Mount Logan 5,959 m.
Canada’s specific geographical details include mostly plains with mountains in the west, lowlands in the southeast.
Suppose we would like to describe the countries location from a different point of view. In that case, it is safe to say, and easy to read from a map, Canada is the second-largest country in the world (after Russia) and most extensive in the Americas; strategic location between Russia and the US via north polar route; approximately 90% of the population is concentrated within 160 km (100 mi) of the US border; Canada has more freshwater than any other country, and almost 9% of Canadian territory is water; Canada has at least 2 million and possibly over 3 million lakes – that is more than all other countries combined.
Resources and land use of Canada
The country’s main mined products are iron ore, nickel, zinc, copper, gold, lead, rare earth elements, molybdenum, potash, diamonds, silver, fish, timber, wildlife, coal, petroleum, natural gas, hydropower. The population partly uses the earlier highlighted land territory and partly left in its natural state: agricultural land: 6.8%; arable land 4.7%; permanent crops 0.5%; permanent pasture 1.6%; forest: 34.1%; other: 59.1% (2011 estimate).
Population data of Canada
The number of inhabitants of Canada is 35,362,905 (July 2016 estimate).
Let’s examine the proportion of the population distribution. It is safe to say that the vast majority of Canadians are positioned in a discontinuous band within approximately 300 km (180 mi) of the southern border with the United States; the most populated province is Ontario, followed by Quebec and British Columbia.
If we look at the proportion of the urbanized and barely populated areas, these are the urban population: 81.8% of the total population (2015).
Canada’s population is concentrated in Toronto 5.993 million; Montreal 3.981 million; Vancouver 2.485 million; Calgary 1.337 million; OTTAWA (capital) 1.326 million; Edmonton 1.272 million (2015).
Ethnicity in Canada
According to ethnicity details, the ethnic groups are Canadian 32.2%, English 19.8%, French 15.5%, Scottish 14.4%, Irish 13.8%, German 9.8%, Italian 4.5%, Chinese 4.5%, North American Indian 4.2%, other 50.9%note: percentages add up to more than 100% because respondents were able to identify more than one ethnic origin (2011 estimate).
Spoken languages in Canada
The spoken languages in Canada are the following: English (official language) 58.7%, French (official language) 22%, Punjabi 1.4%, Italian 1.3%, Spanish 1.3%, German 1.3%, Cantonese 1.2%, Tagalog 1.2%, Arabic 1.1%, other 10.5% (2011 estimate).
What are the most important religions in Canada?
During the general census, researchers examine the churches, according to this: Catholic 39% (includes Roman Catholic 38.8%, other Catholic .2%), Protestant 20.3% (includes United Church 6.1%, Anglican 5%, Baptist 1.9%, Lutheran 1.5%, Pentecostal 1.5%, Presbyterian 1.4%, other Protestant 2.9%), Orthodox 1.6%, other Christian 6.3%, Muslim 3.2%, Hindu 1.5%, Sikh 1.4%, Buddhist 1.1%, Jewish 1%, other 0.6%, none 23.9% (2011 estimate).
Further population data of Canada
The proportion of gender and age tells a lot about the society as follows 0-14 years: 15.44% (male 2,799,758 / female 2,661,645) 15-24 years: 12.12% (male 2,204,127 / female 2,080,587) 25-54 years: 40.32% (male 7,231,200 / female 7,028,692) 55-64 years: 13.94% (male 2,443,452 / female 2,484,788) 65 years and over: 18.18% (male 2,863,114 / female 3,565,542) (2016 estimate). It also a significant factor in a society the population growth rate, which in the case of Canada is 0.74% (2016 estimate).
The population growth rate is based on two elements, birth and the death rate. In Canada the birth rate is 10.3 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate), the death rate 8.5 deaths / 1,000 population (2016 estimate).
In this day and age in developed societies, the first child borns later compared to the previous centuries and decades, so childbearing is extended. In Canada, the average age of mothers at the first childbirth is.
Although the children’s birth is postponed in the best-case scenario, the parents can still see their kids grow as life expectancy also extended. In the case of Canada, these figures are. With the introduction of modern medicine, vaccinations, and proper hygienic conditions, the infant mortality rate is in a steep decline. The infant mortality statistics in Canada are the following: N/A. Relevant data is the budget of healthcare, which is in the case of this country is 10.4% of GDP (2014).
Economic data of Canada
Suppose we would like to describe a country. We also have to mention its economy; As a high-tech industrial society in the trillion-dollar class, Canada resembles the US in its market-oriented economic system, production pattern, and high living standards. Since World War II, the impressive growth of the manufacturing, mining, and the 1989 US-Canada Free Trade Agreement and the 1994 North American Free Trade Agreement (which includes Mexico) touched off a dramatic increase in trade and economic integration with the US, its principal trading partner. Canada enjoys substantial trade, given its abundant natural resources, highly skilled labor force, and modern capital plant. Canada enjoyed significant economic growth from 1993 through 2007. Buffeted by the global financial crisis, the economy dropped into a sharp recession in the final months.
GDP is a prominent figure, as all the relevant calculations and statistics are based on it. GDP in Canada is $1.532 trillion (2015 estimate).
Another important indicator is the rate of GDP growth, which in Canada is 1.2% (2016 estimate) 1.1% (2015 estimate) 2.5% (2014 estimate).
These statistics affect the world economy; remember, in 2015, the Chinese real GDP growth rate was worse than expected; The world markets fall, and the Chinese stock exchange is temporally suspended.
A further major factor of a country’s economy, the GDP per capita. In Canada this is $46,200 (2016 estimate) $46,200 (2015 estimate) $46,100 (2014 estimate).
The Trinity is in common places in the economy, such as agriculture, industry, and services.
What are the agricultural products Canada produces?
Canada’s main agricultural products are wheat, barley, oilseed, tobacco, fruits, vegetables, dairy products, fish, forest products.
The crucial segments are transportation equipment, chemicals, processed and unprocessed minerals, food products, wood and paper products, fish products, petroleum, and natural gas. The crucial and regularly mentioned GDP is based on transportation equipment, chemicals, processed and unprocessed minerals, food products, wood and paper products, fish products, petroleum, natural gas.
Drinking water source in Canada
It is essential to mention that – thanks to the development of the infrastructure -, the rate of potable water improved: urban: 100% of the population, rural: 99% of the population, total: 99.8% of the population. Unimproved: urban: 0% of the population, rural: 1% of the population, total: 0.2% of the population (2015 estimate).
The average number of childbirth in Canada
In Canada, the average delivery number is 1.6 children born / woman (2016 estimate).
Population, median age, migration, and citizenship in Canada
The average age of the population is 42 years; male: 40.8 years, female: 43.3 years (2016 estimate). The age of adulthood varies in every country of the world. In Canada, it is 18 years of age, universal.
When we are experiencing an unprecedented scale of migration and globalization, it is an important factor in the number of new immigrants. In Canada is 5.7 migrant(s) / 1,000 population (2016 estimate). It is important to know how to apply for citizenship: citizenship by birth: yes. Citizenship by descent: yes. Dual citizenship recognized: yes, the residency requirement for naturalization: 3 years.
Is Canada a safe destination? Healthcare services and infectious diseases in Canada
Many of the travelers are looking into the healthcare services and infectious diseases of their destinations. In Canada, the hospital beds’ density is 2.7 beds / 1,000 population (2010).
According to the WHO rating regarding contagious diseases in Canada, N/A.
However, HIV is not curable but maintainable. Let’s do not forget when the disease surfaced, it was a world-threatening condition. Unfortunately, in some countries, it is still very high the number of infected patients and fatalities due to the disease.
In Canada, the number of HIV/AIDS deaths: N/A.
Regarding tourism obesity, not an important issue, but we have to mention health statistics, as it is the plague of the 20th and the 21st century. The rate of obese adults in Canada is 30.1% (2014).
What are the natural hazards in Canada? Is there any?
The most known natural risk in Canada is continuous permafrost in the north is a severe obstacle to development; cyclonic storms form east of the Rocky Mountains, a result of the mixing of air masses from the Arctic, Pacific, and North American interior, and produce most of the country’s rain and snow east of the mountains volcanism: the vast majority of volcanoes in Western Canada’s Coast Mountains remain dormant.
More interesting facts about Canada
A few words about the past, as every country and society, is connected to its history; A land of vast distances and rich natural resources, Canada became a self-governing dominion in 1867 while retaining ties to the British crown. Economically and technologically, the nation has developed in parallel with the US, it’s neighbor to the south across the world’s longest international border. Canada faces the political challenges of meeting public demands for quality improvements in health care, education, social services, and economic competitiveness and responding to predominantly francophone Quebec’s particular concerns. Canada also aims to develop its diverse energy resources while maintaining its commitment to the environment.
In every nation’s memory, some cornerstones placed the country on the timeline of history. The declaration of independence of Canada: 1 July 1867 (union of British North American colonies); 11 December 1931 (recognized by the UK per Statute of Westminster).
The flag and other symbols of Canada
The colors, symbols, and animals on the flag usually have a historical background or an important milestone or memory of the nation.
This case is not an exception: two vertical bands of red (hoist and fly side, half width) with white square between them; an 11-pointed red maple leaf is centered in the white square; the maple leaf has long been a Canadian symbol.
Apart from the flag, the symbol of national unity is the national anthem. The anthem’s primary purpose is to share the nation’s core values, endeavors, and patriotic feelings.
National symbols of Canada: maple leaf, beaver; national colors: red, white.
Constitution of Canada
The existence of the nation is based on the constitution. Some constitutions knew worldwide, like the U.S. Constitution accepted on the 17th of September 1787, in Philadelphia, the United States of America’s Constitution.
It is not related to the declaration of independence that Nicolas Cage stole in the movie National Treasure 🙂
What is the legal system of Canada?
Most of the time, the legal system of a country is the focus of lawyers. It is a common fact that there are two main approaches in the world, “the law in books” and “the law in action.”
In the Anglo-Saxon world, the practice is the “law in action,” while in the rest of the world, the law is based on Roman law, the “law in books.”
Canada’s legal system is a common law system except in Quebec, where civil law based on the French civil code prevails.
It was Aristotle who founded the Theory of 3 separations of powers. In his view, these are the council of public affairs, the magistrates, and the justice system. The age of enlightenment was the time when terminologies have defined the way we still use them. In most democratic countries, the three authorities separated from each other. In dictatorships, the rules usually interweaved in one hand.
About the legislative branch of Canada, we can highlight the following structures bicameral Parliament or Parlement consists of the Senate or Senat (105 seats; members appointed by the governor-general on the advice of the prime minister and can serve until age 75) and the House of Commons or Chambre des Communes (338 seats; members directly elected in single-seat constituencies by simple majority vote to serve a maximum of 4-year terms).
About the unemployment rate, labor force, and poverty line in Canada
One of the major problems of the 21st-century economy is unemployment. Governments are struggling to maintain a low level of unemployment rate. Still, due to automation, the cheap 3rd world labor, and the outsourcing of workflow, these attempts fail. In Canada, the labor force is 19.42 million (2016 estimate). Please bear in mind that the population in Canada is total: 4.6 deaths / 1,000 live births; male: 4.9 deaths / 1,000 live births, female: 4.3 deaths / 1,000 live births (2016 estimate) – as we already mentioned above.
The rate of unemployment in Canada is 7.1% (2016 estimate).
Widely known that the gap between the rich and poor is widening on an enormous scale.
According to the 2017 shocking Oxfam report, the most affluent eight people’s fortune is equal to the wealth of the poorest half of the world’s population.
In Canada, households and consumption income compared to the entire population: lowest 10%: 2.6% highest 10%: 24.8% (2000).
Another widely used indicator is the so-called GINI index, which measures the inequalities of statistical dispersion, but is mainly used for measuring the sharing of income and fortune.
The GINI index was named after its founder Corrado Gini, an Italian economist. Gini index has grades between 0-1, but often it is used on a percentage basis. It is 0 if the examined criteria territorial distribution is equal. It is one of the criteria concentrated on the territory. In Canada, the GINI index is .32,1 (2005).
The states usually set up a poverty line, which is more or less, is a subjective measure. It varies by country; its base is often the minimum pension, the most deficient 20 percent, the X percent of income per capita, etc.
In Canada, the poverty line people are the lowest 10%: 2.6% highest 10%: 24.8% (2000).
About the budget and central governments debt of Canada
The available budget mainly defines the state’s economy. Canada’s budget is; revenues: $594.7 billion, expenditures: $632.4 billion (2016 estimate). Taxes and other revenues are 38.8% of GDP (2016 estimate).
The budget deficit (Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)) is N/A.
The fiscal year in Canada is 1 April – 31 March.
In the country’s economy, we have to consider the public debt. Public debt is the consolidated sum of the state’s local, federal, and central government debt.
Inflation rate and prime lending rate in Canada
A few further interesting and relevant economic data are the following; Inflation rate: 1.6% (2016 estimate), 1.1% (2015 estimate), and the rate of the Commercial bank prime lending rate: 2.7% (31 December 2016 estimate).
Export/import partners and data of Canada
Canada, with the export of products, industrial tools, and other services, generates revenue. The export value in Canada is: $402.4 billion (2016 estimate), $411 billion (2015 estimate). The total revenue of these activities: motor vehicles and parts, industrial machinery, aircraft, telecommunications equipment, chemicals, plastics, fertilizers, wood pulp, timber, crude petroleum, natural gas, electricity, aluminum.
The most important export partners of Canada are the US, 76.7% (2015).
The most important imported products are machinery and equipment, motor vehicles and parts, crude oil, chemicals, electricity, durable consumer goods, and the countries where the import is coming: the United States 53.1%, China 12.2%, Mexico 5.8% (2015).
Renewable energies used in Canada
To suppress the pollution of the environment, renewable energies have to replace fossil energy. The more the proportion of renewable energies in a country means more effort against the pollution. Canada, the indicator of how much of the country’s produced energy is coming from the hydroelectric source, is 55.8% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
To indicate how much another renewable energy produced is 8.3% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
Telecommunication data of Canada, calling code
To maintain the economy, the development of a reliable and modern telecommunications infrastructure is crucial. We can say the following about Canada; excellent service provided by modern technology. Domestic: domestic satellite system with about 300 earth stations. International: country code – 1; submarine cables offer links to the US and Europe; satellite earth stations – 7 (5 Intelsat – 4 the Atlantic Ocean and one the Pacific Ocean, and 2 Intersputnik – Atlantic Ocean region) (2011).
Transport infrastructure in Canada
In the 21st century, we often say that the world has become small and there are no distances anymore. With widespread air travel when (sometimes) there are no visa restrictions, it is easy to reach other countries, but if the distance is not too long, we can also use railway or water transportation.
The number of airports in Canada: 1,467 (2013), and the number of heliports: 26 (2013).
The total length of the roadways in Canada: total: 1,042,300 km, paved: 415,600 km (includes 17,000 km of expressways), unpaved: 626,700 km (2011).
The total length of the waterways in Canada: 636 km (Saint Lawrence Seaway of 3,769 km, including the Saint Lawrence River of 3,058 km, shared with the United States) (2011).
Facts & data about Canada
Name of the country: conventional long way: none, traditional short form: Canada, etymology: the country name derives from the St. Lawrence Iroquoian word “Kanata,” meaning village or settlement.
|Abbreviation: Canada||Geographic coordinates:|
60 00 N, 95 00 W
|Country Location: North America|
|Capital of Canada: Ottawa||GPS of the Capital:|
45 25 N 75 42 W
|Position: Northern North America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean on the east, North Pacific Ocean on the west, and the Arctic Ocean on the north, north of the conterminous US|
|Land area: total: 9,984,670 sq km; land: 9,093,507 sq km, water: 891,163 sq km||Terrain: mostly plains with mountains in the west, lowlands in the southeast||Area comparative: slightly larger than the US|
|Population: 35,362,905 (July 2016 estimate)||Population grow rate: 0.74% (2016 estimate)||Sex ratio: at birth: 1.06 male(s) / female, 0-14 years: 1.05 male(s) / female, 15-24 years: 1.06 male(s) / female, 25-54 years: 1.03 male(s) / female, 55-64 years: 0.98 male(s) / female, 65 years and over: 0.8 male(s) / female, total population: 0.98 male(s) / female (2016 estimate)|
|Exports: $402.4 billion (2016 estimate), $411 billion (2015 estimate)||Imports: $419 billion (2016 estimate), $428.7 billion (2015 estimate)||Import partners: US 53.1%, China 12.2%, Mexico 5.8% (2015)|
|Urbanization: urban population: 81.8% of the total population (2015)||Major urban area(s): Toronto 5.993 million; Montreal 3.981 million; Vancouver 2.485 million; Calgary 1.337 million; OTTAWA (capital) 1.326 million; Edmonton 1.272 million (2015)||Median age: total: 42 years; male: 40.8 years, female: 43.3 years (2016 estimate)|
|Internet users: total: 31.053 million. Percent of the population: 88.5% (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (fixed-lines): total subscriptions: 15.902 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 45 (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (mobile, cellular): total: 29.39 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 84 (July 2015 estimate)|
|Unemployment rate: 7.1% (2016 estimate)||Nationality: Canadian(s) adjective: Canadian||National holidays: Canada Day, 1 July (1867)|
|Life expectancy at birth: total population: 81.9 years. Male: 79.2 years, female: 84.6 years (2016 estimate)||Total fertility rate: 1.6 children born / woman (2016 estimate)||Birthrate: 10.3 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate)|
|Literacy: N/A||Legal system: common law system except in Quebec, where civil law based on the French civil code prevails||Suffrage: 18 years of age, universal|
|Industries: transportation equipment, chemicals, processed and unprocessed minerals, food products, wood and paper products, fish products, petroleum, natural gas||Industrial production growth rate: -0.3% (2016 estimate)||GDP real growth rate: 1.2% (2016 estimate) 1.1% (2015 estimate) 2.5% (2014 estimate)|
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