|Borderline map of Kyrgyzstan||Location map of Kyrgyzstan||Flag of Kyrgyzstan|
Google maps and detailed facts of Kyrgyzstan (KG). This page enables you to explore Kyrgyzstan and its border countries (Country Location: Central Asia, west of China, south of Kazakhstan) through detailed Satellite imagery – fast and easy as never before Google maps.
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Kyrgyzstan Google maps™
The map below shows Kyrgyzstan with its cities, towns, highways, main roads, streets, and Street Views. To find a location, use the form below, type any city or place, view just a simple map, and click on the “show map” button.
The Google map above shows Kyrgyzstan with its location: Asia (geographic coordinates: 41 00 N, 75 00 E) and the international borders of Kyrgyzstan; total: 4,573 km. Border countries (total: 4): China 1,063 km, Kazakhstan 1,212 km, Tajikistan 984 km, Uzbekistan 1,314 km; furthermore, it’s inland counties boundaries.
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About Kyrgyzstan in detail
Where is Kyrgyzstan?
What is the capital city of Kyrgyzstan?
The capital city of Kyrgyzstan is Bishkek.
What is the time in Bishkek?
It is 11 hours ahead of Washington, D.C. during Standard Time; the timezone of Bishkek is UTC+6.
What is the Internet code for Kyrgyzstan?
The Top Level Domain (TLD) for Kyrgyzstan is: .kg
What is the size of Kyrgyzstan?
The territory of Kyrgyzstan is total: 199,951 sq km; land: 191,801 sq km, water: 8,150 sq km.
If we want to describe the size of the territory of Kyrgyzstan is somewhat smaller than South Dakota.
If we would like to walk around and discover Kyrgyzstan, we can cover a total distance: 4,573 km.
What is the water coverage of Kyrgyzstan?
We have already mentioned what percentage of Kyrgyzstan is covered by water (see below), and this includes 0 km (landlocked country) coastline.
What is the climate like in Kyrgyzstan?
Kyrgyzstan’s climate is dry continental to polar in high Tien Shan Mountains: subtropical in southwest (Fergana Valley): temperate in northern foothill zone.
Geographical data of Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan’s elevation; mean elevation: 2,988 m, elevation extremes; lowest point: Kara-Daryya (Karadar’ya) 132 m, highest point: Jengish Chokusu 7,439 m.
Kyrgyzstan’s specific geographical details include peaks of the Tien Shan mountain range and associated valleys and basins that encompass the entire country.
Suppose we would like to describe the countries location from a different perspective. In that case, it is safe to say, and easy to read from a map, Kyrgyzstan is a landlocked country; entirely mountainous, dominated by the Tien Shan range; 94% of the country is 1,000 m above sea level with an average elevation of 2,750 m; many tall peaks, glaciers, and high-altitude lakes.
Resources and land use of Kyrgyzstan
The country’s main mined products are abundant hydropower; gold, rare earth metals; locally exploitable coal, oil, and natural gas; other nepheline deposits, mercury, bismuth, lead, and zinc. The population partly uses the earlier highlighted land territory and partly left in its natural state: agricultural land: 55.4%; arable land 6.7%; permanent crops 0.4%; permanent pasture 48.3%; forest: 5.1%; other: 39.5% (2011 estimate).
Population data of Kyrgyzstan
The number of inhabitants of Kyrgyzstan is 5,727,553 (July 2016 estimate).
If we examine the proportion of the population distribution, it is safe to say that the vast majority of Kyrgyzstanis live in rural areas; the densest population settlement is to the north in and around Bishkek, followed by Osh in the west; the least densely populated area in the east, southeast in the Tien Shan mountains.
If we look at the proportion of the urbanized and barely populated areas, these are the figures: urban population: 35.7% of the total population (2015).
Most of the population in Kyrgyzstan is concentrated in BISHKEK (capital) 865,000 (2015).
Ethnicity in Kyrgyzstan
According to ethnicity details, the ethnic groups are Kyrgyz 70.9%, Uzbek 14.3%, Russian 7.7%, Dungan 1.1%, other 5.9% (includes Uyghur, Tajik Turk Kazakh, Tatar, Ukrainian, Korean, German) (2009 estimate).
Spoken languages in Kyrgyzstan
The spoken languages in Kyrgyzstan are the following: Kyrgyz (official language) 71.4%, Uzbek 14.4%, Russian (official language) 9%, other 5.2% (2009 estimate).
What are the most important religions in Kyrgyzstan?
According to this, during the general census, researchers examine the churches: Muslim 75%, Russian Orthodox 20%, other 5%.
Further population data of Kyrgyzstan
The proportion of gender and age tells a lot about the society as follows 0-14 years: 30.12% (male 883,875 / female 841,362) 15-24 years: 17.47% (male 508,656 / female 492,046) 25-54 years: 39.68% (male 1,112,777 / female 1,159,967) 55-64 years: 7.59% (male 189,684 / female 245,202) 65 years and over: 5.13% (male 112,494 / female 181,490) (2016 estimate). It also a significant factor in a society the population growth rate, which in the case of Kyrgyzstan is 1.09% (2016 estimate).
The population growth rate is based on two elements, the birth, and the death rate. In Kyrgyzstan the birth rate is 22.6 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate), the death rate 6.6 deaths / 1,000 population (2016 estimate).
In this day and age in developed societies, the first child borns later compared to the previous centuries and decades, so childbearing is extended. In Kyrgyzstan, the average age of mothers at the first childbirth is N/A.
Although the children’s birth is postponed in the best-case scenario, the parents can still see their kids grow as life expectancy also extended. In the case of Kyrgyzstan, these figures are. With the introduction of modern medicine, vaccinations, and the proper hygienic conditions, the infant mortality rate is in a steep decline. The infant mortality statistics in Kyrgyzstan are the following: N/A. Relevant data is the budget of healthcare, which is in this country’s case is 6.5% (2014).
Economic data of Kyrgyzstan
Suppose we would like to describe a country. We also have to mention its economy; Kyrgyzstan is a poor, mountainous country with an economy dominated by minerals extraction, agriculture, and reliance on remittances from citizens working abroad. Cotton, wool, and meat are the main agricultural products. However, the only cotton is exportedFollowing independence, Kyrgyzstan rapidly carried out market reforms, such as improving the regulatory system and instituting land reform. Kyrgyzstan was the first Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) country to be accepted into the World Trade OrganKyrgyz. Leaders hope the country’s August 2015 accession to the Eurasian Economic Union will bolster trade and investment. Still, slowing economies in Russia and China, low commodity prices, and currency fluctuations continue to hamper economic growth.
GDP is a prominent figure, as all the relevant calculations and statistics are based on it. GDP in Kyrgyzstan is $5.794 billion (2015 estimate).
Another important indicator is the rate of GDP growth, which in Kyrgyzstan is 2.2% (2016 estimate), 3.5% (2015 estimate) 4% (2014 estimate).
These statistics affect the world economy; remember, in 2015, the Chinese real GDP growth rate was worse than expected; The world markets fall, and the Chinese stock exchange was temporally suspended.
A further major factor of a country’s economy, the GDP per capita. In Kyrgyzstan this is $3,500 (2016 estimate) $3,400 (2015 estimate) $3,400 (2014 estimate).
In the economy, the Trinity is in common places, such as agriculture, industry, and services.
What are the agricultural products Kyrgyzstan produces?
Kyrgyzstan’s main agricultural products are cotton, potatoes, vegetables, grapes, fruits, berries, sheep, goats, cattle, and wool.
The essential segments are small machinery, textiles, food processing, cement, shoes, sawn logs, refrigerators, furniture, electric motors, gold, rare earth metals. The crucial and regularly mentioned GDP is based on small machinery, textiles, food processing, cement, shoes, sawn logs, refrigerators, furniture, electric motors, gold, rare earth metals.
Drinking water source in Kyrgyzstan
It is essential to mention that – thanks to the development of the infrastructure -, the rate of potable water improved: urban: 96.7% of the population, rural: 86.2% of the population, total: 90% of the population. Unimproved: urban: 3.3% of the people, rural: 13.8% of the people, total: 10% of the population (2015 estimate).
The average number of childbirth in Kyrgyzstan
In Kyrgyzstan, the average delivery number is 2.64 children born / woman (2016 estimate).
Population, median age, migration, and citizenship in Kyrgyzstan
The population’s average age is 26.2 years; male: 25.2 years, female: 27.3 years (2016 estimate). The age of adulthood varies in every country of the world in Kyrgyzstan; it is 18 years of age, universal.
When we are experiencing an unprecedented scale of migration and globalization, it is an important factor in the number of new immigrants. In Kyrgyzstan is -5.2 migrant(s) / 1,000 population (2016 estimate). It is important to know how to apply for citizenship: citizenship by birth: no. Citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Kyrgyzstan. Dual citizenship recognized: yes, but only if a mutual treaty on. Dual citizenship is in for residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years.
Is Kyrgyzstan a safe destination? Healthcare services and infectious diseases in Kyrgyzstan
Many of the travelers are looking into the healthcare services and infectious diseases of their destinations. In Kyrgyzstan, the hospital beds’ density is 4.8 beds / 1,000 population (2012).
According to the WHO rating regarding contagious diseases in Kyrgyzstan: N/A.
However, HIV is not curable but maintainable. Let’s do not forget when the disease surfaced; it was a world threatening condition. Unfortunately, in some countries, it is still very high the number of infected patients and fatalities due to the disease.
In Kyrgyzstan, the number of HIV/AIDS deaths: N/A.
Regarding tourism obesity, not an important issue, but we have to mention health statistics, as it is the plague of the 20th and the 21st century. The rate of obese adults in Kyrgyzstan is 13.3% (2014).
What are the natural hazards in Kyrgyzstan? Is there any?
The most known natural risk in Kyrgyzstan is N/A.
More interesting facts about Kyrgyzstan
A few words about the past, as every country and society, are connected to its history; A Central Asian country of incredible natural beauty and proud nomadic traditions, most of the present-day Kyrgyzstan territory was formally annexed to the Russian Empire in 1876. The Kyrgyz staged a major revolt against the Tsarist Empire in 1916, in which almost one-sixth of the Kyrgyz population was killed. Kyrgyzstan became a Soviet republic in 1936 and achieved independence in 1991 when the USSR dissolved. Nationwide demonstrations in the spring of 2005 resulted in the ouster of President Askar AKAEV, who had run the country since 1990. Former Prime Minister Kurmanbek BAKIEV overwhelmingly won the presidential election in the summer of 2005. Over the next few years, he manipulated the parliament to accrue new powers for the presidency. In July 2009, after months of harassment against his opponents and media critics, BAKIEV won reelection in a presidential campaign that the international community deemed flawed.
In April 2010, Bishkek’s violent protests led to the collapse of the BAKIEV regime and his eventual flight to Minsk, Belarus. His successor, Roza OTUNBAEVA, served as transitional president until Almazbek ATAMBAEV was inaugurated in December 2011, marking the first peaceful transfer of presidential power in independent Kyrgyzstan’s history. Continuing concerns include the trajectory of democratization, endemic corruption, poor interethnic relations, border security vulnerabilities, and potential terrorist threats. Under the 2010 Constitution, ATAMBAEV is limited to one term, which will end in 2017. Constitutional amendments passed in a referendum in December 2016 include language that transfers some presidential powers to the prime minister. Disagreement over the constitutional amendments compelled ATAMBAEV’s ruling Social Democratic Party of Kyrgyzstan to dissolve and create a new majority coalition in the Jogorku Kengesh that excluded opposition parties critical of the amendments.
In every nation’s memory, some cornerstones placed the country on the timeline of history. The date of declaration of independence of Kyrgyzstan: 31 August 1991 (from the Soviet Union).
The flag and other symbols of Kyrgyzstan
The colors, symbols, and animals on the flag usually have a historical background or an important milestone or memory of the nation.
This case is not an exception either; red field with a yellow sun in the center having 40 rays representing the 40 Kyrgyz tribes; on the obverse side, the rays run counterclockwise, on the reverse, clockwise; in the center of the sun is a red ring crossed by two sets of three lines, a stylized representation of a “tunduk” – the crown of a traditional Kyrgyz yurt; red symbolizes bravery and valor, the sun evinces peace and wealth.
Apart from the flag, the symbol of national unity is the national anthem. The anthem’s primary purpose is to share the nation’s core values, endeavors, and patriotic feelings.
National symbols of Kyrgyzstan: gyrfalcon; national colors: red, yellow.
Constitution of Kyrgyzstan
The existence of the nation is based on the constitution. Some constitutions knew worldwide, like the U.S. Constitution that was accepted on the 17th of September 1787, in Philadelphia, the United States of America’s Constitution.
It is not related to the declaration of independence that was stolen by Nicolas Cage in the movie National Treasure 🙂
What is the legal system of Kyrgyzstan?
Most of the time, the legal system of a country is the focus of lawyers. It is a common fact that there are two main approaches in the world, “the law in books” and “the law in action.”
In the Anglo-Saxon world, the practice is the “law in action,” while in the rest of the world, the law is based on Roman law, the “law in books.”
Kyrgyzstan’s legal system is a civil law system that includes French civil law and Russian Federation laws.
It was Aristotle who founded the Theory of 3 separations of powers. In his view, these are the council of public affairs, the magistrates, and the justice system. The age of enlightenment was the time when terminologies have defined the way we still use them. In most democratic countries, the three authorities separated from each other. In dictatorships, the rules usually interweaved in one hand.
Regarding Kyrgyzstan’s legislative branch, we can highlight the following structures unicameral Supreme Council or Jogorku Kengesh (120 seats; members directly elected in a single nationwide constituency by proportional representation vote to serve 5-year terms).
About the unemployment rate, labor force, and poverty line in Kyrgyzstan
One of the major problems of the 21st-century economy is unemployment. Governments are struggling to maintain a low level of the unemployment rate. Still, as a result of automation, the cheap 3rd world labor, and the outsourcing of workflow, these attempts fail. In Kyrgyzstan, the labor force is 2.778 million (2016 estimate). Please bear in mind that the population in Kyrgyzstan is total: 26.8 deaths / 1,000 live births; male: 30.9 deaths / 1,000 live births, female: 22.4 deaths / 1,000 live births (2016 estimate) – as we already mentioned above.
The rate of unemployment in Kyrgyzstan is 8% (2013 estimate).
Widely known that the gap between the rich and poor is widening on an enormous scale.
According to the 2017 shocking Oxfam report, the most affluent eight people’s fortune is equal to the wealth of the poorest half of the world’s population.
In Kyrgyzstan, the households’ income and consumption compared to the entire population: lowest 10%: 2.8% highest 10%: 27.8% (2009 estimate).
Another widely used indicator is the so-called GINI index, which measures the inequalities of statistical dispersion, but is mainly used for measuring the sharing of income and fortune.
The GINI index was named after its founder Corrado Gini, an Italian economist. Gini index has grades between 0-1, but often it is used on a percentage basis. It is 0 if the examined criteria territorial distribution is equal. It is one of the criteria concentrated on the territory. In Kyrgyzstan, the GINI index is .33,4 (2007).
The states usually set up a poverty line, which is more or less, is a subjective measure. It varies by country; its base is often the minimum pension, the incomes of the most deficient 20 percent, the X percent of income per capita Etc.
In Kyrgyzstan, the poverty line people are the lowest 10%: 2.8% highest 10%: 27.8% (2009 estimate).
About the budget and central governments debt of Kyrgyzstan
The available budget mainly defines the state’s economy. Kyrgyzstan’s budget is; revenues: $2.04 billion, expenditures: $2.354 billion (2016 estimate). Taxes and other revenues are 35.2% of GDP (2016 estimate).
The budget deficit (Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)) is N/A.
The fiscal year in Kyrgyzstan is the calendar year.
In the country’s economy, we have to consider the public debt. Public debt is the consolidated sum of the state’s local, federal, and central government debt.
Inflation rate and prime lending rate in Kyrgyzstan
A few further interesting and relevant economic data are the following; Inflation rate: 2.9% (2016 estimate), 6.5% (2015 estimate), and the rate of the Commercial bank prime lending rate: 23.3% (31 December 2016 estimate).
Export/import partners and data of Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan, with the export of products, industrial tools, and other services, generates revenue. Kyrgyzstan’s export value is: $1.453 billion (2016 estimate), $1.61 billion (2015 estimate). The total revenue of these activities: gold, cotton, wool, garments, meat; mercury, uranium, electricity; machinery; shoes.
The most important imported products are oil and gas, machinery and equipment, chemicals, foodstuffs, and the countries from where the import is coming: China 56.4%, Russia 17.1%, Kazakhstan 9.9% (2015).
Renewable energies used in Kyrgyzstan
To suppress the pollution of the environment, renewable energies have to replace the fossil energy. The more the proportion of renewable energies in a country means more effort against pollution. Kyrgyzstan, the indicator of how much of the country’s produced energy is coming from the hydroelectric source, is 78.9% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
To indicate how much another renewable energy produced is 0% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
Telecommunication data of Kyrgyzstan, calling code
To maintain the economy, the development of a reliable and modern telecommunications infrastructure is crucial. We can say the following about Kyrgyzstan; telecommunications infrastructure is being upgraded; loans from the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) are being used to install a digital network, digital radio-relay stations, and fiber-optic links. Domestic: fixed-line penetration remains low and concentrated in urban areas; multiple mobile-cellular service providers with growing coverage; mobile-cellular subscribership up to about 130 per 100 persons in 2015international: country code – 996; connections with other CIS countries by landline or microwave radio relay and with other countries by leased connections with Moscow international gateway switch and by satellite; satellite earth stations – 2 (1 Intersputnik, 1 Intelsa (2015).
Transport infrastructure in Kyrgyzstan
In the 21st century, we often say that the world has become small and there are no distances anymore. With widespread air travel when (sometimes) there are no visa restrictions, it is easy to reach other countries, but if the distance is not too long, we can also use railway or water transportation.
The number of airports in Kyrgyzstan: 28 (2013), and the number of heliports: N/A.
The total length of the roadways in Kyrgyzstan: total: 34,000 km (2007).
The total length of the waterways in Kyrgyzstan: 600 km (2010).
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Facts & data about Kyrgyzstan
Name of the country: conventional long way: the Kyrgyz Republic, traditional short form: Kyrgyzstan, local long form: Kyrgyz Respublikasy, local short state: Kyrgyzstan, former: Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic, etymology: a combination of the Turkic words “kyrg” (forty) and “-yz” (tribes) with the Persian suffix “-stan” (country) creating the meaning “Land of the forty tribes”; the name refers to the forty clans united by the legendary Kyrgyz hero, MANAS.
|Abbreviation: Kyrgyzstan||Geographic coordinates:|
41 00 N, 75 00 E
|Country Location: Asia|
|Capital of Kyrgyzstan: Bishkek||GPS of the Capital:|
42 52 N 74 36 E
|Position: Central Asia, west of China, south of Kazakhstan|
|Land area: total: 199,951 sq km; land: 191,801 sq km, water: 8,150 sq km||Terrain: peaks of the Tien Shan mountain range and associated valleys and basins encompass the entire country||Area comparative: somewhat smaller than South Dakota|
|Population: 5,727,553 (July 2016 estimate)||Population grow rate: 1.09% (2016 estimate)||Sex ratio: at birth: 1.07 male(s) / female, 0-14 years: 1.05 male(s) / female, 15-24 years: 1.03 male(s) / female, 25-54 years: 0.96 male(s) / female, 55-64 years: 0.77 male(s) / female, 65 years and over: 0.62 male(s) / female, total population: 0.96 male(s) / female (2016 estimate)|
|Exports: $1.453 billion (2016 estimate), $1.61 billion (2015 estimate)||Imports: $3.146 billion (2016 estimate), $3.648 billion (2015 estimate)||Import partners: China 56.4%, Russia 17.1%, Kazakhstan 9.9% (2015)|
|Urbanization: urban population: 35.7% of the total population (2015)||Major urban area(s): BISHKEK (capital) 865,000 (2015)||Median age: total: 26.2 years; male: 25.2 years, female: 27.3 years (2016 estimate)|
|Internet users: total: 1.713 million. Percent of the population: 30.2% (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (fixed-lines): total subscriptions: 408,037. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 7 (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (mobile, cellular): total: 7.579 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 134 (July 2015 estimate)|
|Unemployment rate: 8% (2013 estimate)||Nationality: Kyrgyzstani(s) adjective: Kyrgyzstani||National holidays: Independence Day, 31 August (1991)|
|Life expectancy at birth: total population: 70.7 years. Male: 66.5 years, female: 75.1 years (2016 estimate)||Total fertility rate: 2.64 children born / woman (2016 estimate)||Birthrate: 22.6 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate)|
|Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write. Total population: 99.5%; male: 99.6%, female: 99.4% (2015 estimate)||Legal system: civil law system which includes features of French civil law and Russian Federation laws||Suffrage: 18 years of age, universal|
|Industries: small machinery, textiles, food processing, cement, shoes, sawn logs, refrigerators, furniture, electric motors, gold, rare earth metals||Industrial production growth rate: 0% (2016 estimate)||GDP real growth rate: 2.2% (2016 estimate) 3.5% (2015 estimate) 4% (2014 estimate)|
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