|Borderline map of Afghanistan||Location map of Afghanistan||Flag of Afghanistan|
Google maps and detailed facts of Afghanistan (AF). This page enables you to explore Afghanistan and its border countries (Country location: Southern Asia, north and west of Pakistan, east of Iran) through detailed Satellite imagery – fast and easy as never before Google maps.
Find comprehensive information below about this country in its diversity: Google maps, geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government, and history – All in One Wiki page.
There is also Street View and free Driving Directions at your service. Your Google Satellite Map Sightseeing in Afghanistan, in Asia, starts here at Driving Directions and Maps.com.
Afghanistan Google maps™
The map below shows Afghanistan with its cities, towns, highways, main roads, streets, and also providing Street Views. To find a location, use the form below, type any city or place, and to view, just a simple map click on the “Show map” button.
The Google map above is showing Afghanistan with its location: Asia (geographic coordinates: 33 00 N, 65 00 E) and the international borders of Afghanistan; total: 5,987 km. Border countries (total: 6): China 91 km, Iran 921 km, Pakistan 2,670 km, Tajikistan 1,357 km, Turkmenistan 804 km, Uzbekistan 144 km; furthermore, it’s inland counties boundaries.
Hint: Have a look at the Street view in Afghanistan, or Asia. All you have to do is to drag and pull the little yellow man (named: Pegman) on the Google map above the desired location. After that, whenever it is available (more than 50 countries in the world), blue stripes will appear to show the photos and details from Google’s regularly updated data image base. In case if you have signed in to your Google account currently, you may have a look at the satellite map of this country/area as well.
The map of Afghanistan, Asia is informational use only. No representation made or warrantied given as to any map or its content by Driving Directions and Maps site. The user assumes all risk of use of this Afghanistan Google map and facts/wiki.
About Afghanistan in detail
Where is Afghanistan?
Afghanistan, in case, if you are looking on the map under the Coordinates 34 31 N 69 11 E otherwise in Asia, in Southern Asia, north and west of Pakistan, east of Iran.
What is the capital city of Afghanistan?
The capital city of Afghanistan is: Kabul.
What is the time in Kabul?
It is 9.5 hours ahead of Washington, D.C. during Standard Time, the timezone of Kabul is: UTC+4.5.
What is the Internet code for Afghanistan?
The Top Level Domain (TLD) for Afghanistan is: .af
What is the size of Afghanistan?
The territory of Afghanistan is total: 652,230 sq km; land: 652,230 sq km, water: 0 sq km.
If we want to describe the size of the territory of Afghanistan is almost six times the size of Virginia; slightly smaller than Texas.
If we would like to walk around and discover Afghanistan, we can do that by covering a distance of total: 5,987 km.
What is the water coverage of Afghanistan?
We have already mentioned on this website, that what percentage of Afghanistan is covered by water (see below), and this includes 0 km (landlocked country) coastline.
What is the climate like in Afghanistan?
The climate of Afghanistan is arid to semiarid: cold winters and hot summers.
Geographical data of Afghanistan
The elevation of Afghanistan; mean elevation: 1,884 m, elevation extremes; lowest point: Amu Darya 258 m, highest point: Noshak 7,485 m.
The typical geographical details of Afghanistan include mostly rugged mountains; plains in north and southwest.
If we would like to describe the countries location from a different point of view, it is safe to say, and easy to read from a map, Afghanistan is landlocked country; the Hindu Kush mountains that run northeast to southwest divide the northern provinces from the rest of the country; the highest peaks are in the northern Vakhan (Wakhan Corridor).
Resources and land use of Afghanistan
The country’s main mined products are natural gas, petroleum, coal, copper, chromite, talc, barites, sulfur, lead, zinc, iron ore, salt, precious and semiprecious stones, arable land. The population partly uses the earlier highlighted land territory and partly left in its natural state: agricultural land: 58.1%; arable land 11.9%; permanent crops 0.2%; permanent pasture 46%; forest: 2.1%; other: 39.8% (2011 estimate).
Population data of Afghanistan
The number of inhabitants of Afghanistan is 33,332,025 (July 2016 estimate).
If we examine the proportion of the population distribution, it is safe to say that populations tend to cluster in the foothills and periphery of the rugged Hindu Kush range; smaller groups are found in many of the country’s interior valleys; in general, the east is more densely settled while the south is sparsely populated.
If we are looking at the proportion of the urbanized and barely populated areas, these are the figures: urban population: 26.7% of the total population (2015).
Most of the population in Afghanistan is concentrated in KABUL (capital) 4.635 million (2015).
Ethnicity in Afghanistan
According to ethnicity details, the ethnic groups in this country are the following: Pashtun, Tajik, Hazara, Uzbek, other (includes smaller numbers of Baloch, Turkmen, Nuristani, Pamiri, Arab, Gujar, Brahui, Qizilbash, Aimaq, Pashai, and Kyrghyz). Note: current statistical data on the sensitive subject of ethnicity in Afghanistan is not available, and ethnicity data from small samples of respondents to opinion polls are not a reliable alternative; Afghanistan’s 2004 constitution recognizes 14 ethnic groups: Pashtun, Tajik, Hazara, Uzbek, Baloch, Turkmen, Nuristani, Pamiri, Arab, Gujar, Brahui, Qizilbash, Aimaq, and Pashai (2015).
Spoken languages in Afghanistan
The spoken languages in Afghanistan are the following: Afghan Persian or Dari (official language language) 50%, Pashto (official language language) 35%, Turkic languages (primarily Uzbek and Turkmen) 11%, 30 minor languages (primarily Balochi and Pashai) 4%, much bilingualism, but Dari functions as the lingua franca. Note: the Turkic languages Uzbek and Turkmen, as well as Balochi, Pashai, Nuristani, and Pamiri are the third official language language languages in areas where the majority speaks them.
What are the most important religions in Afghanistan?
During the general census, researchers examine the churches, according to this: Muslim 99.7% (Sunni 84.7 – 89.7%, Shia 10 – 15%), other 0.3% (2009 estimate).
Further population data of Afghanistan
The proportion of gender and age tells a lot about the society as follows 0-14 years: 41.03% (male 6,947,939 / female 6,728,983) 15-24 years: 22.49% (male 3,816,369 / female 3,678,657) 25-54 years: 30.01% (male 5,095,905 / female 4,907,019) 55-64 years: 3.9% (male 640,813 / female 660,121) 65 years and over: 2.57% (male 396,124 / female 460,095) (2016 estimate). It also a significant factor in a society the population growth rate, which in the case of Afghanistan is 2.34% (2016 estimate).
The population growth rate based on two elements, the birth, and the death rate. In Afghanistan the birth rate is 38.3 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate), the death rate 13.7 deaths / 1,000 population (2016 estimate).
In this day and age in developed societies, the first child borns later compared to the previous centuries and decades, so childbearing is extended. In Afghanistan, the average age of mothers at the first childbirth is .
In the best-case scenario, although the birth of the children postponed, the parents are still able to see their kids grow as life expectancy also extended. In the case of Afghanistan, these figures are. With the introduction of modern medicine, vaccinations, and the proper hygienic conditions, the infant mortality rate is in a steep decline. The infant mortality statistics in Afghanistan are the following: . Relevant data is the budget of healthcare, which is in the case of this country is 8.2% of GDP (2014).
Economic data of Afghanistan
If we would like to describe a country, we also have to mention its economy; Afghanistan’s economy is recovering from decades of conflict. The economy has improved significantly since the fall of the Taliban regime in 2001 largely because of the infusion of international assistance, the recovery of the agricultural sector, and serThe international community remains committed to Afghanistan’s development, pledging over $67 billion at nine donors’ conferences between 2003 and 2010. In July 2012, the donors at the Tokyo conference pledged an additional $16 billion in civilian aid thrAfghanistan’s growth rate slowed markedly in 2014-15, but rose to 2% in 2016. The drawdown of international security forces that started in 2014 has negatively affected economic growth, as a substantial portion of commerce, especially in the services sect.
GDP is a prominent figure, as all the relevant calculations and statistics based on it. GDP in Afghanistan is $18.4 billion (2014 estimate).
Another important indicator is the rate of the GDP growth, which in Afghanistan is 2% (2016 estimate) 0.8% (2015 estimate) 1.3% (2014 estimate).
These statistics are affecting the world economy; remember in 2015, when the Chinese real GDP growth rate was worse than expected; The world markets fall, and the Chinese stock exchange temporally suspended.
A further major factor of a country’s economy, the GDP per capita. In Afghanistan this is $2,000 (2016 estimate) $2,000 (2015 estimate) $2,000 (2014 estimate).
In the case of the economy, the Trinity is in common places, such as agriculture, industry, and services.
What are the agricultural products Afghanistan produces?
The main agricultural products of Afghanistan are opium, wheat, fruits, nuts; wool, mutton, sheepskins, lambskins, poppies.
Regarding the economy, the important segments are small-scale production of bricks, textiles, soap, furniture, shoes, fertilizer, apparel, food products, non-alcoholic beverages, mineral water, cement; handwoven carpets; natural gas, coal, copper. The crucial and regularly mentioned GDP is based on small-scale production of bricks, textiles, soap, furniture, shoes, fertilizer, apparel, food products, non-alcoholic beverages, mineral water, cement; handwoven carpets; natural gas, coal, copper.
Drinking water source in Afghanistan
It is important to mention, that – thanks to the development of the infrastructure -, the rate of potable water improved: urban: 78.2% of the population, rural: 47% of the population, total: 55.3% of the population. Unimproved: urban: 21.8% of the population, rural: 53% of the population, total: 44.7% of the population (2015 estimate).
The average number of childbirth in Afghanistan
In Afghanistan, the average number of delivery is 5.22 children born /woman (2016 estimate).
Population, median age, migration, and citizenship in Afghanistan
The average age of the population is total: 18.6 years; male: 18.5 years, female: 18.6 years (2016 estimate). The age of adulthood varies in every country of the world in Afghanistan it is 18 years of age, universal.
In this age, when we are experiencing an unprecedented scale of migration and globalization, it is an important factor the number of new coming immigrants. In Afghanistan is -1.2 migrant(s) / 1,000 population (2016 estimate). It is important to know, how to apply for citizenship: citizenship by birth: no. Citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must have been born in – and continuously lived in – Afghanistan. Dual citizenship recognized: no. Residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years.
Is Afghanistan a safe destination? Healthcare services and infectious diseases in Afghanistan
Many of the travelers are looking into the healthcare services and infectious diseases of their destinations. In Afghanistan density of the hospital beds is 0.5 beds / 1,000 population (2012).
According to WHO rating regarding contagious diseases in Afghanistan the degree of risk: intermediatefood or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fevervectorborne disease: malaria (2016).
However, HIV is not curable but maintainable. Let’s do not forget when the disease surfaced it was a world threatening condition. Unfortunately, in some countries, it is still very high the number of infected patients and fatalities as a result of the disease.
In Afghanistan the number of HIV/AIDS deaths: N/A.
Regarding tourism obesity, not an important issue, but we have to mention among the health statistics, as it is the plague of the 20th and the 21st century. The rate of obese adults in Afghanistan is 2.4% (2014).
What are the natural hazards in Afghanistan? Is there any?
The most known natural risks in Afghanistan are damaging earthquakes occur in Hindu Kush mountains; flooding; droughts.
More interesting facts about Afghanistan
A few words about the past, as every country and society, is connected to its history; Ahmad Shah DURRANI unified the Pashtun tribes and founded Afghanistan in 1747. The country served as a buffer between the British and Russian Empires until it won independence from notional British control in 1919. A brief experiment in democracy ended in a 1973 coup and a 1978 communist countercoup. The Soviet Union invaded in 1979 to support the tottering Afghan communist regime, touching off a long and destructive war. The USSR withdrew in 1989 under relentless pressure by internationally supported anti-communist mujahidin rebels. A series of subsequent civil wars saw Kabul finally fall in 1996 to the Taliban, a hardline Pakistani-sponsored movement that emerged in 1994 to end the country’s civil war and anarchy. Following the 11 September 2001 terrorist attacks, a US, Allied, and anti-Taliban Northern Alliance military action toppled the Taliban for sheltering Usama BIN LADIN.A UN-sponsored Bonn Conference in 2001 established a process for political reconstruction that included the adoption of a new constitution, a presidential election in 2004, and National Assembly elections in 2005. In December 2004, Hamid KARZAI became the first democratically elected president of Afghanistan, and the National Assembly was inaugurated the following December. KARZAI was reelected in August 2009 for a second term. The 2014 presidential election was the country’s first to include a runoff, which featured the top two vote-getters from the first round, Abdullah ABDULLAH and Ashraf GHANI. Throughout the summer of 2014, their campaigns disputed the results and traded accusations of fraud, leading to a US-led diplomatic intervention that included a full vote audit as well as political negotiations between the two camps. In September 2014, GHANI and ABDULLAH agreed to form the Government of National Unity, with GHANI inaugurated as president and ABDULLAH elevated to the newly-created position of chief executive officer. The day after the inauguration, the GHANI administration signed the US-Afghan Bilateral Security Agreement and NATO Status of Forces Agreement, which provide the legal basis for the post-2014 international military presence in Afghanistan.Despite gains toward building a stable central government, the Taliban remains a serious challenge for the Afghan Government in almost every province. The Taliban still considers itself the rightful government of Afghanistan, and it remains a capable and confident insurgent force despite its last two spiritual leaders being killed; it continues to declare that it will pursue a peace deal with Kabul only after foreign military forces depart.
In every nation’s memory, some cornerstones placed the country on the timeline of history. The date of declaration of independence of Afghanistan: 19 August 1919 (from UK control over Afghan foreign affairs).
The flag and other symbols of Afghanistan
The colors, symbols, and animals on the flag usually have a historical background or related to an important milestone or memory of the nation.
This case is not an exception either, three equal vertical bands of black (hoist side), red, and green, with the national emblem in white centered on the red band and slightly overlapping the other two bands; the center of the emblem features a mosque with pulpit and flags on either side, below the mosque are numerals for the solar year 1298 (1919 in the Gregorian calendar, the year of Afghan independence from the UK); this central image is circled by a border consisting of sheaves of wheat on the left and right, in the upper-center is an Arabic inscription of the Shahada (Muslim creed) below which are rays of the rising sun over the Takbir (Arabic expression meaning “God is great”), and at bottom center is a scroll bearing the name Afghanistan; black signifies the past, red is for the blood shed for independence, and green can represent either hope for the future, agricultural prosperity, or Islam. Note: Afghanistan had more changes to its national flag in the 20th century than any other country; the colors black, red, and green appeared on most of them.
Apart from the flag, the symbol of national unity is the national anthem. The primary purpose of the anthem is to share the nation’s core values, endeavors, and patriotic feelings.
National symbols of Afghanistan: lion; national colors: red, green, black.
Constitution of Afghanistan
The existence of the nation based on the constitution. Some constitutions knew around the world, like the U.S. Constitution that accepted on 17th of September 1787, in Philadelphia, the Constitution of the United States of America.
It is not related to the declaration of independence that was stolen by Nicolas Cage in the movie National Treasure 🙂
What is the legal system of Afghanistan?
Most of the time, the legal system of a country is in the focus of lawyers. It is a common fact that there are two main approaches in the world, “the law in books” and “the law in action.”
In the Anglo-Saxon world, the practice is the “law in action” while in the rest of the world where the law based on Roman law, the “law in books.”
The legal system of Afghanistan is mixed legal system of civil, customary, and Islamic law.
It was Aristotle who founded the Theory of 3 separations of powers. In his view, these are the council of public affairs, the magistrates, and the justice system. In the age of enlightenment was the time when terminologies have defined the way we still use them. In most democratic countries, the three authorities separated from each other. In dictatorships, the authorities usually interweaved in one hand.
About the legislative branch of Afghanistan, we can highlight the following structures bicameral National Assembly consists of the Meshrano Jirga or House of Elders (102 seats; 34 members indirectly elected by district councils to serve 3-year terms, 34 indirectly elected by provincial councils to serve 4-year terms, and 34 nominated by the president of which 17 must be women, 2 must represent the disabled, and 2 must be Kuchi nomads; members serve 5-year terms) and the Wolesi Jirga or House of People (249 seats; members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by proportional representation vote to serve 5-year terms). Note: the constitution allows the government to convene a constitutional Loya Jirga (Grand Council) on issues of independence, national sovereignty, and territorial integrity; it can amend the provisions of the constitution and prosecute the president; it consists of members of the National Assembly and chairpersons of the provincial and district councils; no constitutional Loya Jirga has ever been held, and district councils have never been elected; the president appointed 34 members of the Meshrano Jirga that the district councils should have indirectly electedelections: the Wolesi Jirga’s five-year term expired in 2015, but the president extended its term by decree until elections can be heldelection results: results by party – NA; seats by party – NA.
About the unemployment rate, labor force, and poverty line in Afghanistan
One of the major problems of the 21st-century economy is unemployment. Governments are struggling to maintain a low level of unemployment rate. Still, as a result of automation, the cheap 3rd world labor and the outsourcing of workflow, these attempts are failing. In Afghanistan the labor force is 7.983 million (2013 estimate). Please bear in mind that the population in Afghanistan is total: 112.8 deaths / 1,000 live births; male: 120.3 deaths / 1,000 live births, female: 105 deaths / 1,000 live births (2016 estimate) – as we already mentioned above.
The rate of unemployment in Afghanistan is 35% (2008 estimate).
Widely known that the gap between the rich and poor is widening on an enormous scale.
According to the 2017 shocking Oxfam report, the richest eight people’s fortune is equal to the wealth of the poorest half of the world’s population.
In Afghanistan, the income of the households and consumption compared to the entire population: lowest 10%: 3.8% highest 10%: 24% (2008).
Another widely used indicator is the so-called GINI index, which measures the inequalities of statistical dispersion, but mainly used for measuring the sharing of income and fortune.
The GINI index named after its founder Corrado Gini, an Italian economist. Gini index has grades between 0-1, but often it is used on a percentage basis. It is 0 if the examined criteria territorial distribution is equal. It is one of the criteria concentrated on the territory. In Afghanistan, the GINI index is N/A.
The states usually set up a poverty line, which is more or less, is a subjective measure. It varies by country; its base is often the minimum pension, the incomes of the most deficient 20 percent, the X percent of income per capita Etc.
In Afghanistan, the people living under the poverty line are the lowest 10%: 3.8% highest 10%: 24% (2008).
About the budget and central governments debt of Afghanistan
The available budget mainly defines the state’s economy. The budget of Afghanistan is; revenues: $1.7 billion, expenditures: $6.639 billion (2015 estimate). Taxes and other revenues are 9.2% of GDP (2015 estimate).
The budget deficit (Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)) is .
The fiscal year in Afghanistan is 21 December – 20 December.
In the country’s economy, we have to consider the public debt. Public debt is the consolidated sum of the state’s local, federal, and central government debt.
Inflation rate and prime lending rate in Afghanistan
A few further interesting and relevant economic data are the following; Inflation rate: 4.5% (2016 estimate), -1.5% (2015 estimate), and the rate of the Commercial bank prime lending rate: 15% (31 December 2015 estimate).
Export/import partners and data of Afghanistan
Afghanistan, with the export of products, industrial tools, and other services, generates revenue. The export value in Afghanistan is: $658 million (2014 estimate), $2.679 billion (2013 estimate). The total revenue of these activities: opium, fruits and nuts, handwoven carpets, wool, cotton, hides and pelts, precious and semi-precious gems.
The most important export partners of Afghanistan are the India 42.3%, Pakistan 29%, Tajikistan 7.6% (2015).
The most important imported products are machinery and other capital goods, food, textiles, petroleum products, and the countries from where the import is coming: Pakistan 38.6%, India 8.9%, US 8.3%, Turkmenistan 6.2%, China 6%, Kazakhstan 5.9%, Azerbaijan 4.9% (2015).
Renewable energies used in Afghanistan
As an attempt to suppress the pollution of the environment, renewable energies have to replace fossil energy. The more the proportion of renewable energies in a country means more effort against the pollution. Afghanistan, the indicator of how much of the country’s produced energy coming from the hydroelectric source, is 64.4% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
To indicate how much another renewable energy produced is 0.2% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
Telecommunication data of Afghanistan, calling code
To maintain the economy, the development of a reliable and modern telecommunications infrastructure is crucial. We can say the following about Afghanistan; limited fixed-line telephone service; an increasing number of Afghans utilize mobile-cellular phone networksdomestic: aided by the presence of multiple providers, mobile-cellular telephone service continues to improve rapidly; the Afghan Ministry of Communications and Information claims that more than 90 percent of the population live in areas with access to mobile-celluinternational: country code – 93; multiple VSAT’s provide international and domestic voice and data connectivity (2012).
Transport infrastructure in Afghanistan
In the 21st century, we often say that the world has become small and there are no distances anymore. With widespread air travel when (sometimes) there are no visa restrictions, it is easy to reach other countries, but in case the distance is not too long, we can also use railway or water transportation.
The number of airports in Afghanistan: 43 (2016), and the number of heliports: 9 (2013).
The total length of the roadways in Afghanistan: total: 42,150 km, paved: 12,350 km, unpaved: 29,800 km (2006).
The total length of the waterways in Afghanistan: 1,200 km; (chiefly Amu Darya, which handles vessels up to 500 DWT) (2011).
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Facts & data about Afghanistan
Name of the country: conventional long form: Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, conventional short form: Afghanistan, local long form: Jamhuri-ye Islami-ye Afghanistan, local short form: Afghanistan, former: Republic of Afghanistan, etymology: the name “Afghan” originally referred to the Pashtun people (today it is understood to include all the country’s ethnic groups), while the suffix “-stan” means “place of” or “country”; so Afghanistan literally means the “Land of the Afghans”.
|Abbrevation: Afghanistan||Geographic coordinates:|
33 00 N, 65 00 E
|Country location: Asia|
|Capital of Afghanistan: Kabul||GPS of the Capital:|
34 31 N 69 11 E
|Position: Southern Asia, north and west of Pakistan, east of Iran|
|Land area: total: 652,230 sq km; land: 652,230 sq km, water: 0 sq km||Terrain: mostly rugged mountains; plains in north and southwest||Area comparative: almost six times the size of Virginia; slightly smaller than Texas|
|Population: 33,332,025 (July 2016 estimate)||Population grow rate: 2.34% (2016 estimate)||Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s) / female, 0-14 years: 1.03 male(s) / female, 15-24 years: 1.04 male(s) / female, 25-54 years: 1.04 male(s) / female, 55-64 years: 0.97 male(s) / female, 65 years and over: 0.86 male(s) / female, total population: 1.03 male(s) / female (2016 estimate)|
|Exports: $658 million (2014 estimate), $2.679 billion (2013 estimate)||Imports: $7.004 billion (2014 estimate), $12.19 billion (2013 estimate)||Import partners: Pakistan 38.6%, India 8.9%, US 8.3%, Turkmenistan 6.2%, China 6%, Kazakhstan 5.9%, Azerbaijan 4.9% (2015)|
|Urbanization: urban population: 26.7% of the total population (2015)||Major urban area(s): KABUL (capital) 4.635 million (2015)||Median age: total: 18.6 years; male: 18.5 years, female: 18.6 years (2016 estimate)|
|Internet users: total: 2.69 million. Percent of the population: 8.3% (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (fixed lines): total subscriptions: 110,000. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: less than 1 (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (mobile, cellular): total: 19.709 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 61 (July 2015 estimate)|
|Unemployment rate: 35% (2008 estimate)||Nationality: Afghan(s) adjective: Afghan||National holidays: Independence Day, 19 August (1919)|
|Life expectancy at birth: total population: 51.3 years. Male: 49.9 years, female: 52.7 years (2016 estimate)||Total fertility rate: 5.22 children born /woman (2016 estimate)||Birthrate: 38.3 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate)|
|Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write. Total population: 38.2%; male: 52%, female: 24.2% (2015 estimate)||Legal system: mixed legal system of civil, customary, and Islamic law||Suffrage: 18 years of age, universal|
|Industries: small-scale production of bricks, textiles, soap, furniture, shoes, fertilizer, apparel, food products, non-alcoholic beverages, mineral water, cement; handwoven carpets; natural gas, coal, copper||Industrial production growth rate: 2.4% (2014 estimate)||GDP real growth rate: 2% (2016 estimate) 0.8% (2015 estimate) 1.3% (2014 estimate)|
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