|Borderline map of Burma||Location map of Burma||Flag of Burma|
Google maps and detailed facts of Burma, (MM). This page enables you to explore Burma and its border countries (Location: Southeastern Asia, bordering the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal, between Bangladesh and Thailand) through detailed Satellite imagery - fast and easy as never before Google maps.
Find comprehensive information below about this country in its diversity: geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government, and history - All in One Wiki page!
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Burma (Mianmar) Google Map
The map below shows Burma with its cities, towns, highways, main roads, streets and also providing Street Views. To find a location use the form below, type any city or place and to view, just a simple map click on the "Show Map" button.
The Google map above is showing Burma with its location: Southeast Asia, (geographic coordinates: 22 00 N, 98 00 E) and the international borders of Burma; total: 6,522 km. Border countries (total: 5): Bangladesh 271 km, China 2,129 km, India 1,468 km, Laos 238 km, Thailand 2,416 km furthermore its inland counties boundaries.
Hint: Have a look at the Street view in Burma, or Southeast Asia. All you have to do is to drag and pull the little yellow man (named: Pegman) on the Google map above the desired location. After that whenever it is available (more than 50 countries in the world), blue stripes will appear to show the photos and details from Google’s regularly updated data image base.
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About Burma (Mianmar) in detail
Where is Burma (Mianmar)?
Burma, in case if you are looking on the map under the Coordinates 16 48 N 96 09 E otherwise in Southeast Asia, in Southeastern Asia, bordering the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal, between Bangladesh and Thailand.
What is the capital of Burma (Mianmar)?
The capital city of Burma is: Rangoon.
What is the time in Rangoon?
It is 11.5 hours ahead of Washington DC during Standard Time, the timezone of Rangoon is: UTC+6.5.
What is the Internet code for Burma (Mianmar)?
The Top Level Domain (TLD) for Burma is: .mm
What is the size of Burma (Mianmar)?
The territory of Burma is total: 676,578 sq km; land: 653,508 sq km, water: 23,070 sq km.
If we want to describe the size of the territory of Burma is slightly smaller than Texas.
If we would like to walk around and discover Burma, we can do that by covering the distance of total: 6,522 km.
What is the water coverage of Burma (Mianmar)?
We have mentioned already on this website, that what percentage of Burma is covered by water (see below), and this includes 1,930 km coastline.
What is the climate like in Burma (Mianmar)?
The climate of Burma is tropical monsoon: cloudy, rainy, hot, humid summers (southwest monsoon, June to September): less cloudy, scant rainfall, mild temperatures, lower humidity during winter (northeast monsoon, December to April).
Geographical data of Burma (Mianmar)
The elevation of Burma; mean elevation: 702 m, elevation extremes; lowest point: Andaman Sea/Bay of Bengal 0 m, highest point: Gamlang Razi 5,870 m.
The typical geographical details of Burma include central lowlands ringed by steep, rugged highlands.
If we would like to describe the countries location from a different point of view, it is safe to say, and easy to read from a map, Burma is strategic location near major Indian Ocean shipping lanes; the north-south flowing Irrawaddy River is the country's largest and most important commercial waterway.
Resources and land use of Burma (Mianmar)
The country’s main mined products are petroleum, timber, tin, antimony, zinc, copper, tungsten, lead, coal, marble, limestone, precious stones, natural gas, hydropower, arable land. The population partly uses the earlier highlighted land territory and partly left in its natural state: agricultural land: 19.2%; arable land 16.5%; permanent crops 2.2%; permanent pasture 0.5%; forest: 48.2%; other: 32.6% (2011 estimate).
Population data of Burma (Mianmar)
The number of inhabitants of Burma is 56,890,418 (July 2016 estimate).
If we examine the proportion of population distribution, it is safe to say that N/A.
If we are looking at the proportion of the urbanized and barely populated areas, these are the figures: urban population: 34.1% of total population (2015).
Most of the population in Burma is concentrated in RANGOON (Yangon) (capital) 4.802 million; Mandalay 1.167 million; Nay Pyi Taw 1.03 million (2015).
Ethnicity in Burma (Mianmar)
According to ethnicity details, the ethnic groups in this country are the following: Burman 68%, Shan 9%, Karen 7%, Rakhine 4%, Chinese 3%, Indian 2%, Mon 2%, other 5%.
Spoken languages in Burma (Mianmar)
The spoken languages in Burma are the following: Burmese (official language). Note: minority ethnic groups have their own languages.
What are the most important religions in Burma (Mianmar)?
During the general census, researchers examine the churches, according to this: Buddhist 87.9%, Christian 6.2%, Muslim 4.3%, Animist 0.8%, Hindu 0.5%, other 0.2%, none 0.1%note: religion estimate is based on the 2014 national census, including an estimate for the non-enumerated population of Rakhine State, which is assumed to mainly affiliate with the Islamic faith (2014 estimate).
Further population data of Burma (Mianmar)
The proportion of gender and age tells a lot about the society as follows 0-14 years: 25.77% (male 7,476,436 / female 7,183,049) 15-24 years: 17.73% (male 5,109,120 / female 4,978,572) 25-54 years: 43.54% (male 12,326,900 / female 12,442,398) 55-64 years: 7.49% (male 2,003,593 / female 2,256,146) 65 years and over: 5.47% (male 1,353,723 / female 1,760,481) (2016 estimate). It also a significant factor in a society the population growth rate, which in the case of Burma is 1% (2016 estimate).
The population growth rate is based on two elements, the birth, and the death rate. In Burma the birth rate is 18.2 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate), the death rate 7.9 deaths / 1,000 population (2016 estimate).
In this day and age in the developed societies, the first child borns later compared to the previous centuries and decades, so the childbearing is extended. In Burma the average age of mothers at the first childbirth is .
In the best case scenario despite the fact that the birth of the children is postponed, the parents are still able to see their kids grow as the life expectancy is also extended. In the case of Burma, these figures are . With the introduction of modern medicine, the vaccinations and the proper hygienic conditions, the infant mortality rate is in a steep decline. The infant mortality statistics in Burma are the following: . Relevant data is the budget of healthcare, which is in the case of this country is 2.3% of GDP (2014).
Economic data of Burma (Mianmar)
If we would like to describe a country, we also have to mention its economy; Since the transition to a civilian government in 2011, Burma has begun an economic overhaul aimed at attracting foreign investment and reintegrating into the global economy. Economic reforms have included establishing a managed float of the Burmese kyat iThe government’s commitment to reform, and the subsequent easing of most Western sanctions, led to accelerated growth in 2013 and 2014. In 2015, growth slowed because of political uncertainty in an election year, summer floods, and external factors, incluDespite these improvements, living standards have not improved for the majority of the people residing in rural areas. Burma remains one of the poorest countries in Asia – approximately 26% of the country’s 51 million people live in poverty. The previous.
GDP is an important figure as all the relevant calculations and statistics are based on it. GDP in Burma is $68.28 billion (2015 estimate).
An another important indicator is the rate of the GDP growth, which in Burma is 8.1% (2016 estimate) 7% (2015 estimate) 8.7% (2014 estimate).
These statistics are affecting the world economy, remember in 2015 when the Chinese real GDP growth rate was worse than expected; The world markets fall, and the Chinese stock exchange was temporally suspended.
A further major factor of a country’s economy, the GDP per capita. In Burma this is $6,000 (2016 estimate) $5,600 (2015 estimate) $5,200 (2014 estimate).
In the case of the economy, the Trinity is in common places, such as agriculture, industry, and services.
What are the agricultural products Burma produces (Mianmar)?
The main agricultural products of Burma are rice, pulses, beans, sesame, groundnuts; sugarcane; fish and fish products; hardwood.
Regarding the economy, the important segments are agricultural processing; wood and wood products; copper, tin, tungsten, iron; cement, construction materials; pharmaceuticals; fertilizer; oil and natural gas; garments; jade and gems. The crucial and regularly mentioned GDP is based on agricultural processing; wood and wood products; copper, tin, tungsten, iron; cement, construction materials; pharmaceuticals; fertilizer; oil and natural gas; garments; jade and gems.
Drinking water source in Burma (Mianmar)
It is important to mention, that - thanks to the development of the infrastructure -, the rate of potable water improved: urban: 92.7% of population, rural: 74.4% of population, total: 80.6% of population. Unimproved: urban: 7.3% of population, rural: 25.6% of population, total: 19.4% of population (2015 estimate).
Average number of childbirth in Burma (Mianmar)
In Burma the average number of childbirth is 2.15 children born / woman (2016 estimate).
Population, median age, migration, and citizenship in Burma (Mianmar)
The average age of the population is total: 28.6 years; male: 28 years, female: 29.3 years (2016 estimate). The age of adulthood varies in every country of the world in Burma it is 18 years of age, universal.
In this age when we are experiencing an unprecedented scale of migration and globalization, it is an important factor the number of new coming immigrants. In Burma is -0.3 migrant(s) / 1,000 population (2016 estimate). It is important to know, how to apply for citizenship: citizenship by birth: no. Citizenship by descent only: both parents must be citizens of Burma. Dual citizenship recognized: no. Residency requirement for naturalization: none. Note: an applicant for naturalization must be the child or spouse of a citizen.
Is Burma a safe destination? Healthcare services and contagious diseases in Burma (Mianmar)
Many of the travelers are looking into the healthcare services and contagious diseases of their destinations. In Burma density of the hospital beds is 0.6 beds / 1,000 population (2006).
According to WHO rating regarding contagious diseases in Burma the degree of risk: very highfood or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fevervectorborne diseases: dengue fever, malaria, and Japanese encephalitiswater contact disease: leptospirosisanimal contact disease: rabies (2016).
However, the HIV is not curable but maintainable. Let’s do not forget when the disease surfaced it was a world threatening condition. Unfortunately, in some countries, it is still very high the number of infected patients and fatalities as a result of the disease.
In Burma the number of HIV/AIDS deaths: .
Regarding tourism the obesity, not an important issue, but we have to mention among the health statistics, as it is the plague of the 20th and the 21st century. The rate obese adults in Burma is 2.9% (2014).
What are the natural hazards Burma (Mianmar)? Is there any?
The most known natural risks in Burma are destructive earthquakes and cyclones; flooding and landslides common during rainy season (June to September); periodic droughts.
More interesting facts about Burma (Mianmar)
A few words about the past, as every country and society its connected to its history; Various ethnic Burmese and ethnic minority city-states or kingdoms occupied the present borders through the 19th century. Over a period of 62 years (1824-1886), Britain conquered Burma and incorporated the country into its Indian Empire. Burma was administered as a province of India until 1937 when it became a separate, self-governing colony; in 1948, Burma attained independence from the British Commonwealth. Gen. NE WIN dominated the government from 1962 to 1988, first as military ruler, then as self-appointed president, and later as political kingpin. In response to widespread civil unrest, NE WIN resigned in 1988, but within months the military crushed student-led protests and took power.Multiparty legislative elections in 1990 resulted in the main opposition party - the National League for Democracy (NLD) - winning a landslide victory. Instead of handing over power, the junta placed NLD leader (and 1991 Nobel Peace Prize recipient) AUNG SAN SUU KYI under house arrest from 1989 to 1995, 2000 to 2002, and from May 2003 to November 2010. In late September 2007, the ruling junta brutally suppressed protests over increased fuel prices led by prodemocracy activists and Buddhist monks, killing an unknown number of people and arresting thousands for participating in the demonstrations. In early May 2008, Burma was struck by Cyclone Nargis, which left over 138,000 dead and tens of thousands injured and homeless. Despite this tragedy, the junta proceeded with its May constitutional referendum, the first vote in Burma since 1990. Legislative elections held in November 2010, which the NLD boycotted and were considered flawed by many in the international community, saw the ruling Union Solidarity and Development Party garner over 75% of the contested seats.The national legislature convened in January 2011 and selected former Prime Minister THEIN SEIN as president. Although the vast majority of national-level appointees named by THEIN SEIN were former or current military officers, the government initiated a series of political and economic reforms leading to a substantial opening of the long-isolated country. These reforms included releasing hundreds of political prisoners, signing a nationwide cease-fire with several of the country's ethnic armed groups, pursuing legal reform, and gradually reducing restrictions on freedom of the press, association, and civil society. At least due in part to these reforms, AUNG SAN SUU KYI was elected to the national legislature in April 2012 and became chair of the Committee for Rule of Law and Tranquility. Burma served as chair of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) for 2014. In a flawed but largely credible national legislative election in November 2015 featuring more than 90 political parties, the NLD again won a landslide victory. Using its overwhelming majority in both houses of parliament, the NLD elected HTIN KYAW, AUNG SAN SUU KYI’s confidant and long-time NLD supporter, as president. Burma's first credibly elected civilian government after more than five decades of military dictatorship was sworn into office on 30 March 2016..
In every nation's memory, there are cornerstones that placed the country on the timeline of history. The date of declaration of independence of Burma: 4 January 1948 (from the UK).
The flag and other symbols of Burma (Mianmar)
The colors, symbols, and animals on the flag usually have a historical background or related to an important milestone or memory of the nation.
This case is not an exception either, design consists of three equal horizontal stripes of yellow (top), green, and red; centered on the green band is a large white five-pointed star that partially overlaps onto the adjacent colored stripes; the design revives the triband colors used by Burma from 1943-45, during the Japanese occupation.
Apart from the flag, the symbol of the national unity is the national anthem. The main purpose of the anthem is to share the nation's core values, endeavors, and the patriotic feelings.
National symbols of Burma: chinthe (mythical lion); national colors: yellow, green, red, white.
Constitution of Burma (Mianmar)
The existence of the nation based on the constitution. Some constitutions knew around the world, like the U.S. Constitution that accepted on 17th of September 1787, in Philadelphia, the Constitution of United States of America.
It is not related to the declaration of independence that was stolen by Nicolas Cage in the movie National Treasure 🙂
What is the legal system of Burma (Mianmar)?
Most of the times the legal system of a country is in the focus of lawyers. It is a common fact that there are two main approaches in the world, “the law in books” and “the law in action.”
In the Anglo-Saxon world, the practice is the “law in action” while in the rest of the world where the law based on Roman law, the “law in books.”
The legal system of Burma is mixed legal system of English common law (as introduced in codifications designed for colonial India) and customary law.
It was Aristotle, who founded the theory of 3 separations of powers. In his view, these are the council of public affairs, the magistrates, and the justice system. In the age of enlightenment was the time when terminologies have been defined, the way we still use them. In most of the democratic countries, the three authorities are separated from each other. In dictatorships, the authorities are usually interwoven in one hand.
About the legislative branch of Burma, we can highlight the following structures bicameral Assembly of the Union or Pyidaungsu consists of an upper house - the House of Nationalities or Amyotha Hluttaw, (224 seats; 168 members directly elected in single-seat constituencies by absolute majority vote with a second round if needed and 56 appointed by the military; members serve 5-year terms) and a lower house - the House of Representatives or Pyithu Hluttaw, (440 seats; 330 members directly elected in single-seat constituencies by simple majority vote and 110 appointed by the military; members serve 5-year terms)elections: last held on 8 November 2015 (next to be held in 2020)election results: Upper House - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - NLD 135, USDP 11, ANP 10, SNLD 3, ZCD 2, TNP 2, independent 2, other 3, military appointees 56; Lower House - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - NLD 255, USDP 30, ANP 12, SNLD 12, PNO 3, TNP 3, ZCD 2, LNDP 2, independent 1, other 3, canceled due to insurgence 7, military appointees 110.
About the unemployment rate, labor force, and poverty line in Burma (Mianmar)
One of the major problems of the 21st-century economy is the unemployment. Governments are struggling to maintain a low level of the unemployment rate, but as a result of automation, the cheap 3rd world labor and the outsourcing of workflow, these attempts are failing. In Burma the labor force is 37.15 million (2016 estimate). Please bear in mind that the population in Burma is total: 42.2 deaths / 1,000 live births; male: 48.3 deaths / 1,000 live births, female: 35.7 deaths / 1,000 live births (2016 estimate) - as we already mentioned above.
The rate of unemployment in Burma is 4.8% (2016 estimate).
It is widely known that the gap between the rich and poor is widening on an enormous scale.
According to the 2017 shocking Oxfam report, the richest eight people’s fortune is equal to the fortune of the poorest half of the world's population.
In Burma, the income of the households and consumption compared to the entire population: lowest 10%: 2.8% highhest 10%: 32.4% (1998).
Another widely used indicator is the so-called GINI index, which measures the inequalities of statistical dispersion, but mainly used for measuring the sharing of income and fortune.
The GINI index is named after its founder Corrado Gini an Italian economist. Gini index has grades between 0-1, but often it is used on a percentage basis. It is 0 if the examined criteria territorial distribution is equal. It is one if the criteria is concentrated on the territory. In Burma the GINI index is N/A.
The states usually set up a poverty line, which is more or less is a subjective measure. It varies by country its base is often the minimum pension, the incomes of the poorest 20 percent, the X percent of income per capita Etc.
In Burma the people living under the poverty line is lowest 10%: 2.8% highhest 10%: 32.4% (1998).
About the budget and central governments debt of Burma (Mianmar)
Available budget mainly defines the state's economy. The budget of Burma is; revenues: $8.944 billion, expenditures: $10.99 billion (2016 estimate). Taxes and other revenues are 13.1% of GDP (2016 estimate).
The budget deficit (Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)) is .
The fiscal year in Burma is 1 April - 31 March.
In country’s economy, we have to consider the public debt. Public debt is the consolidated sum of the state local, federal and central governments debt.
Inflation rate and prime lending rate in Burma (Mianmar)
A few further interesting and important economic data are the fallowing; Inflation rate: 7% (2016 estimate), 10.8% (2015 estimate) and the rate of the Commercial bank prime lending rate: 15% (31 December 2016 estimate).
Export/import partners and data of Burma (Mianmar)
Burma, with the export of products, industrial tools, and other services, generates revenue. The export value in Burma is: $10.49 billion (2016 estimate), $9.135 billion (2015 estimate). The total revenue of these activities: natural gas; wood products; pulses and beans; fish; rice; clothing; minerals, including jade and gems.
The most important export partners of Burma are the China 37.7%, Thailand 25.6%, India 7.7%, Japan 6.2% (2015).
The most important imported products are: fabric; petroleum products; fertilizer; plastics; machinery; transport equipment; cement, construction materials; food products edible oil, and the countries from where the import is coming: China 42.2%, Thailand 18.5%, Singapore 11%, Japan 4.8% (2015).
Renewable energies used in Burma (Mianmar)
As an attempt to suppress the pollution of the environment, renewable energies has to replace the fossil energy. The more the proportion of renewable energies in a country means more effort against the pollution. Burma, the indicator of how much of country’s produced energy is coming from hydroelectric source is 75.2% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
To indicate how much another renewable energy is produced is the 0% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
Telecommunication data of Burma (Mianmar), calling code
To maintain the economy, the development of a reliable and modern telecommunications infrastructure is crucial. We can say the following about Burma; meets minimum requirements for local and intercity service for business and governmentdomestic: the government eased its monopoly on communications in 2013 and granted telecom licenses to two foreign operators, which has resulted in a dramatic expansion of the wireless networkinternational: country code - 95; landing point for the SEA-ME-WE-3 optical telecommunications submarine cable that provides links to Asia, the Middle East, and Europe; satellite earth stations - 2, Intelsat (Indian Ocean) and ShinSat (2015).
Transport infrastructure in Burma (Mianmar)
In the 21st century, we often say that the world has become small and there are no distances anymore. With widespread air travel when (sometimes) there are no visa restrictions, it is easy to reach other countries, but in case the distance is not too long, we can also use railway or water transportation.
The number of airports in Burma: 64 (2013), and the number of heliports: 11 (2013).
The total length of the roadways in Burma: total: 34,377 km (includes 358 km of expressways) (2010).
The total length of the waterways in Burma: 12,800 km (2011).
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Facts about Burma (Mianmar)
Name of the country: conventional long form: Union of Burma, conventional short form: Burma, local long form: Pyidaungzu Thammada Myanma Naingngandaw (translated as the Republic of the Union of Myanmar), local short form: Myanma Naingngandaw, former: Socialist Republic of the Union of Burma, Union of Myanmar. Note: since 1989 the military authorities in Burma and the current parliamentary government have promoted the name Myanmar as a conventional name for their state; the US Government has not adopted the name, etymology: both "Burma" and "Myanmar" derive from the name of the majority Burmese Bamar ethnic group.
|Abbrevation: Burma||Geographic coordinates:
22 00 N, 98 00 E
|Location: Southeast Asia|
|Capital of Burma: Rangoon||GPS of the Capital:
16 48 N 96 09 E
|Position: Southeastern Asia, bordering the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal, between Bangladesh and Thailand|
|Land area: total: 676,578 sq km; land: 653,508 sq km, water: 23,070 sq km||Terrain: central lowlands ringed by steep, rugged highlands
||Area comparative: slightly smaller than Texas|
|Population: 56,890,418 (July 2016 estimate)||Population grow rate: 1% (2016 estimate)||Sex ratio: at birth: 1.06 male(s) / female, 0-14 years: 1.04 male(s) / female, 15-24 years: 1.03 male(s) / female, 25-54 years: 0.99 male(s) / female, 55-64 years: 0.89 male(s) / female, 65 years and over: 0.77 male(s) / female, total population: 0.99 male(s) / female, (2016 estimate)|
|Exports: $10.49 billion (2016 estimate), $9.135 billion (2015 estimate)||Imports: $13.96 billion (2016 estimate), $12.49 billion (2015 estimate)||Import partners: China 42.2%, Thailand 18.5%, Singapore 11%, Japan 4.8% (2015)|
|Urbanization: urban population: 34.1% of total population (2015)||Major urban area(s): RANGOON (Yangon) (capital) 4.802 million; Mandalay 1.167 million; Nay Pyi Taw 1.03 million (2015)||Median age: total: 28.6 years; male: 28 years, female: 29.3 years (2016 estimate)
|Internet users: total: 12.278 million. Percent of population: 21.8% (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (fixed lines): total subscriptions: 523,722. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 1 (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (mobile, cellular): total: 41.529 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 74 (July 2015 estimate)|
|Unemployment rate: 4.8% (2016 estimate)||Nationality: Burmese (singular and plural) adjective: Burmese||National holidays: Independence Day, 4 January (1948); Union Day, 12 February (1947)|
|Life expectancy at birth: total population: 66.6 years. Male: 64.2 years, female: 69.2 years (2016 estimate)||Total fertility rate: 2.15 children born / woman (2016 estimate)||Birthrate: 18.2 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate)|
|Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write. Total population: 93.1%; male: 95.2%, female: 91.2% (2015 estimate)||Legal system: mixed legal system of English common law (as introduced in codifications designed for colonial India) and customary law||Suffrage: 18 years of age, universal|
|Industries: agricultural processing; wood and wood products; copper, tin, tungsten, iron; cement, construction materials; pharmaceuticals; fertilizer; oil and natural gas; garments; jade and gems||Industrial production growth rate: 12.2% (2016 estimate)||GDP real growth rate: 8.1% (2016 estimate) 7% (2015 estimate) 8.7% (2014 estimate)|
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