|Borderline map of Vietnam||Location map of Vietnam||Flag of Vietnam|
Google maps and detailed facts of Vietnam, (VN). This page enables you to explore Vietnam and its border countries (Country location: Southeastern Asia, bordering the Gulf of Thailand, Gulf of Tonkin, and South China Sea, as well as China, Laos, and Cambodia) through detailed Satellite imagery - fast and easy as never before Google maps.
Find comprehensive information below about this country in its diversity: Google maps, geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government, and history - All in One Wiki page.
There is also Street View and free Driving Directions at your service. Your Google Satellite Map Sightseeing in Vietnam, in Southeast Asia, starts here at Driving Directions and Maps.com.
Vietnam Google Map
The map below shows Vietnam with its cities, towns, highways, main roads, streets, and also providing Street Views. To find a location, use the form below, type any city or place and to view, just a simple map click on the "Show Map" button.
The Google map above is showing Vietnam with its location: Southeast Asia, (geographic coordinates: 16 10 N, 107 50 E) and the international borders of Vietnam; total: 4,616 km. Border countries (total: 3): Cambodia 1,158 km, China 1,297 km, Laos 2,161 km furthermore it's inland counties boundaries.
Hint: Have a look at the Street view in Vietnam, or Southeast Asia. All you have to do is to drag and pull the little yellow man (named: Pegman) on the Google map above the desired location. After that, whenever it is available (more than 50 countries in the world), blue stripes will appear to show the photos and details from Google’s regularly updated data image base. In case if you have signed in to your Google account currently, you may have a look at the satellite map of this country/area as well.
The map of Vietnam, Southeast Asia, is informational use only. No representation made or warranty given as to any map or its content by Driving Directions and Maps site. User assumes all risk of use of this Vietnam Google map and facts/wiki.
About Vietnam in detail
Where is Vietnam?
Vietnam, in case if you are looking on the map under the Coordinates 21 02 N 105 51 E otherwise in Southeast Asia, in Southeastern Asia, bordering the Gulf of Thailand, Gulf of Tonkin, and South China Sea, as well as China, Laos, and Cambodia.
What is the capital city of Vietnam?
The capital city of Vietnam is: Hanoi.
What is the time in Hanoi?
It is 12 hours ahead of Washington, D.C. during Standard Time, the timezone of Hanoi is: UTC+7.
What is the Internet code for Vietnam?
The Top Level Domain (TLD) for Vietnam is: .vn
What is the size of Vietnam?
The territory of Vietnam is total: 331,210 sq km; land: 310,070 sq km, water: 21,140 sq km.
If we want to describe the size of the territory of Vietnam is about three times the size of Tennesee; slightly larger than New Mexico.
If we would like to walk around and discover Vietnam, we can do that by covering the distance of total: 4,616 km.
What is the water coverage of Vietnam?
We have mentioned already on this website, that what percentage of Vietnam is covered by water (see below), and this includes 3,444 km (excludes islands) coastline.
What is the climate like in Vietnam?
The climate of Vietnam is tropical in south: monsoonal in north with hot, rainy season (May to September) and warm, dry season (October to March).
Geographical data of Vietnam
The elevation of Vietnam; mean elevation: 398 m, elevation extremes; lowest point: South China Sea 0 m, highest point: Fan Si Pan 3,144 m.
The typical geographical details of Vietnam include low, flat delta in south and north; central highlands; hilly, mountainous in far north and northwest.
If we would like to describe the countries location from a different point of view, it is safe to say, and easy to read from a map, Vietnam is extending 1,650 km north to south, the country is only 50 km across at its narrowest point.
Resources and land use of Vietnam
The country’s main mined products are phosphates, coal, manganese, rare earth elements, bauxite, chromate, offshore oil and gas deposits, timber, hydropower, arable land. The population partly uses the earlier highlighted land territory and partly left in its natural state: agricultural land: 34.8%; arable land 20.6%; permanent crops 12.1%; permanent pasture 2.1%; forest: 45%; other: 20.2% (2011 estimate).
Population data of Vietnam
The number of inhabitants of Vietnam is 95,261,021 (July 2016 estimate).
If we examine the proportion of population distribution, it is safe to say that N/A.
If we are looking at the proportion of the urbanized and barely populated areas, these are the figures: urban population: 33.6% of total population (2015).
Most of the population in Vietnam is concentrated in Ho Chi Minh City 7.298 million; HANOI (capital) 3.629 million; Can Tho 1.175 million; Haiphong 1.075 million; Da Nang 952,000; Bien Hoa 834,000 (2015).
Ethnicity in Vietnam
According to ethnicity details, the ethnic groups in this country are the following: Kinh (Viet) 85.7%, Tay 1.9%, Thai 1.8%, Muong 1.5%, Khmer 1.5%, Mong 1.2%, Nung 1.1%, Hoa 1%, other 4.3%note: 54 ethnic groups are recognized by the Vietnamese Government (2009 estimate).
Spoken languages in Vietnam
The spoken languages in Vietnam are the following: Vietnamese (official language), English (increasingly favored as a second language), some French, Chinese, and Khmer, mountain area languages (Mon-Khmer and Malayo-Polynesian).
What are the most important religions in Vietnam?
During the general census, researchers examine the churches, according to this: Buddhist 7.9%, Catholic 6.6%, Hoa Hao 1.7%, Cao Dai 0.9%, Protestant 0.9%, Muslim 0.1%, none 81.8% (2009 estimate).
Further population data of Vietnam
The proportion of gender and age tells a lot about the society as follows 0-14 years: 23.84% (male 11,938,563 / female 10,767,261) 15-24 years: 16.69% (male 8,240,861 / female 7,658,711) 25-54 years: 45.22% (male 21,690,214 / female 21,390,448) 55-64 years: 8.24% (male 3,610,716 / female 4,238,569) 65 years and over: 6.01% (male 2,216,485 / female 3,509,193) (2016 estimate). It also a significant factor in a society the population growth rate, which in the case of Vietnam is 0.95% (2016 estimate).
The population growth rate is based on two elements, the birth, and the death rate. In Vietnam the birth rate is 15.7 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate), the death rate 5.9 deaths / 1,000 population (2016 estimate).
In this day and age in the developed societies, the first child borns later compared to the previous centuries and decades, so the childbearing is extended. In Vietnam the average age of mothers at the first childbirth is .
In the best case scenario despite the fact that the birth of the children is postponed, the parents are still able to see their kids grow as the life expectancy is also extended. In the case of Vietnam, these figures are . With the introduction of modern medicine, the vaccinations and the proper hygienic conditions, the infant mortality rate is in a steep decline. The infant mortality statistics in Vietnam are the following: . Relevant data is the budget of healthcare, which is in the case of this country is 7.1% of GDP (2014).
Economic data of Vietnam
If we would like to describe a country, we also have to mention its economy; Vietnam is a densely populated developing country that has been transitioning from the rigidities of a centrally-planned economy since 1986. Agriculture's share of economic output has shrunk from about 25% in 2000 to 17% in 2016, while industry's share inVietnamese authorities have reaffirmed their commitment to economic modernization and a more open economy. Vietnam joined the WTO in January 2007, which has promoted more competitive, export-driven industries. Vietnam was one of 12-nations that concludedHanoi has oscillated between promoting growth and emphasizing macroeconomic stability in recent years. Poverty has declined significantly, and Vietnam is working to create jobs to meet the challenge of a labor force that is growing by more than one millioVietnam is trying to reform its economy by restructuring public investment, state-owned enterprises, and the banking sector, although Hanoi’s progress in meeting its goals is lagging behind the proposed schedule. Vietnam's economy continues to face challeIn 2016 Vietnam cancelled its civilian nuclear energy development program, citing public concerns about safety and the high cost of the program. As the 2017 APEC chair, Vietnam will lead the regional dialogue on key APEC priorities such as inclusive growt.
GDP is an important figure as all the relevant calculations and statistics are based on it. GDP in Vietnam is $200.5 billion (2015 estimate).
An another important indicator is the rate of the GDP growth, which in Vietnam is 6.1% (2016 estimate) 6.7% (2015 estimate) 6% (2014 estimate).
These statistics are affecting the world economy, remember in 2015 when the Chinese real GDP growth rate was worse than expected; The world markets fall, and the Chinese stock exchange was temporally suspended.
A further major factor of a country’s economy, the GDP per capita. In Vietnam this is $6,400 (2016 estimate) $6,100 (2015 estimate) $5,800 (2014 estimate).
In the case of the economy, the Trinity is in common places, such as agriculture, industry, and services.
What are the agricultural products Vietnam produces?
The main agricultural products of Vietnam are rice, coffee, rubber, tea, pepper, soybeans, cashews, sugar cane, peanuts, bananas; poultry; fish, seafood.
Regarding the economy, the important segments are food processing, garments, shoes, machine-building; mining, coal, steel; cement, chemical fertilizer, glass, tires, oil, mobile phones. The crucial and regularly mentioned GDP is based on food processing, garments, shoes, machine-building; mining, coal, steel; cement, chemical fertilizer, glass, tires, oil, mobile phones.
Drinking water source in Vietnam
It is important to mention, that - thanks to the development of the infrastructure -, the rate of potable water improved: urban: 99.1% of population, rural: 96.9% of population, total: 97.6% of population. Unimproved: urban: 0.9% of population, rural: 3.1% of population, total: 2.4% of population (2015 estimate).
Average number of childbirth in Vietnam
In Vietnam the average number of childbirth is 1.82 children born / woman (2016 estimate).
Population, median age, migration, and citizenship in Vietnam
The average age of the population is total: 30.1 years; male: 28.9 years, female: 31.2 years (2016 estimate). The age of adulthood varies in every country of the world in Vietnam it is 18 years of age, universal.
In this age when we are experiencing an unprecedented scale of migration and globalization, it is an important factor the number of new coming immigrants. In Vietnam is -0.3 migrant(s) / 1,000 population (2016 estimate). It is important to know, how to apply for citizenship: citizenship by birth: no. Citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Vietnam. Dual citizenship recognized: no. Residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years.
Is Vietnam a safe destination? Healthcare services and contagious diseases in Vietnam
Many of the travelers are looking into the healthcare services and contagious diseases of their destinations. In Vietnam density of the hospital beds is 2 beds / 1,000 population (2010).
According to WHO rating regarding contagious diseases in Vietnam the degree of risk: very highfood or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fevervectorborne diseases: dengue fever, malaria, and Japanese encephalitis (2016).
However, the HIV is not curable but maintainable. Let’s do not forget when the disease surfaced it was a world threatening condition. Unfortunately, in some countries, it is still very high the number of infected patients and fatalities as a result of the disease.
In Vietnam the number of HIV/AIDS deaths: .
Regarding tourism the obesity, not an important issue, but we have to mention among the health statistics, as it is the plague of the 20th and the 21st century. The rate obese adults in Vietnam is 3.5% (2014).
What are the natural hazards Vietnam? Is there any?
The most known natural risks in Vietnam are occasional typhoons (May to January) with extensive flooding, especially in the Mekong River delta.
More interesting facts about Vietnam
A few words about the past, as every country and society its connected to its history; The conquest of Vietnam by France began in 1858 and was completed by 1884. It became part of French Indochina in 1887. Vietnam declared independence after World War II, but France continued to rule until its 1954 defeat by communist forces under Ho Chi MINH. Under the Geneva Accords of 1954, Vietnam was divided into the communist North and anti-communist South. US economic and military aid to South Vietnam grew through the 1960s in an attempt to bolster the government, but US armed forces were withdrawn following a cease-fire agreement in 1973. Two years later, North Vietnamese forces overran the South reuniting the country under communist rule. Despite the return of peace, for over a decade the country experienced little economic growth because of conservative leadership policies, the persecution and mass exodus of individuals - many of them successful South Vietnamese merchants - and growing international isolation. However, since the enactment of Vietnam's "doi moi" (renovation) policy in 1986, Vietnamese authorities have committed to increased economic liberalization and enacted structural reforms needed to modernize the economy and to produce more competitive, export-driven industries. The communist leaders maintain tight control on political expression but have demonstrated some modest steps toward better protection of human rights. The country continues to experience small-scale protests, the vast majority connected to either land-use issues, calls for increased political space, or the lack of equitable mechanisms for resolving disputes. The small-scale protests in the urban areas are often organized by human rights activists, but many occur in rural areas and involve various ethnic minorities such as the Montagnards of the Central Highlands, H'mong in the Northwest Highlands, and the Khmer Krom in the southern delta region..
In every nation's memory, there are cornerstones that placed the country on the timeline of history. The date of declaration of independence of Vietnam: 2 September 1945 (from France).
The flag and other symbols of Vietnam
The colors, symbols, and animals on the flag usually have a historical background or related to an important milestone or memory of the nation.
This case is not an exception either, red field with a large yellow five-pointed star in the center; red symbolizes revolution and blood, the five-pointed star represents the five elements of the populace - peasants, workers, intellectuals, traders, and soldiers - that unite to build socialism.
Apart from the flag, the symbol of the national unity is the national anthem. The main purpose of the anthem is to share the nation's core values, endeavors, and the patriotic feelings.
National symbols of Vietnam: yellow, five-pointed star on red field; lotus blossom; national colors: red, yellow.
Constitution of Vietnam
The existence of the nation based on the constitution. Some constitutions knew around the world, like the U.S. Constitution that accepted on 17th of September 1787, in Philadelphia, the Constitution of the United States of America.
It is not related to the declaration of independence that was stolen by Nicolas Cage in the movie National Treasure 🙂
What is the legal system of Vietnam?
Most of the times, the legal system of a country is in the focus of lawyers. It is a common fact that there are two main approaches in the world, “the law in books” and “the law in action.”
In the Anglo-Saxon world, the practice is the “law in action” while in the rest of the world where the law based on Roman law, the “law in books.”
The legal system of Vietnam is a civil law system; note - the civil code of 2005 reflects a European-style civil law.
It was Aristotle, who founded Theory of 3 separations of powers. In his view, these are the council of public affairs, the magistrates, and the justice system. In the age of enlightenment was the time when terminologies have defined, the way we still use them. In most of the democratic countries, the three authorities separated from each other. In dictatorships, the authorities usually interweaved in one hand.
About the legislative branch of Vietnam, we can highlight the following structures unicameral National Assembly or Quoc Hoi (500 seats; members directly elected by absolute majority vote with a second round if needed; members serve 5-year terms)elections: last held on 22 May 2016 (next to be held in May 2021)election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - CPV 475, non-party CPV-approved 19, self-nominated 2; note - 496 candidates were elected.
About the unemployment rate, labor force, and poverty line in Vietnam
One of the major problems of the 21st-century economy is the unemployment. Governments are struggling to maintain a low level of the unemployment rate, but as a result of automation, the cheap 3rd world labor and the outsourcing of workflow, these attempts are failing. In Vietnam the labor force is 54.93 million (2016 estimate). Please bear in mind that the population in Vietnam is total: 17.8 deaths / 1,000 live births; male: 18.2 deaths / 1,000 live births, female: 17.4 deaths / 1,000 live births (2016 estimate) - as we already mentioned above.
The rate of unemployment in Vietnam is 3.7% (2016 estimate).
It is widely known that the gap between the rich and poor is widening on an enormous scale.
According to the 2017 shocking Oxfam report, the richest eight people’s fortune is equal to the fortune of the poorest half of the world's population.
In Vietnam, the income of the households and consumption compared to the entire population: lowest 10%: 3.2% highhest 10%: 30.2% (2008).
Another widely used indicator is the so-called GINI index, which measures the inequalities of statistical dispersion, but mainly used for measuring the sharing of income and fortune.
The GINI index is named after its founder Corrado Gini an Italian economist. Gini index has grades between 0-1, but often it is used on a percentage basis. It is 0 if the examined criteria territorial distribution is equal. It is one if the criteria is concentrated on the territory. In Vietnam the GINI index is .37,6 (2008).
The states usually set up a poverty line, which is more or less is a subjective measure. It varies by country its base is often the minimum pension, the incomes of the poorest 20 percent, the X percent of income per capita Etc.
In Vietnam the people living under the poverty line is lowest 10%: 3.2% highhest 10%: 30.2% (2008).
About the budget and central governments debt of Vietnam
Available budget mainly defines the state's economy. The budget of Vietnam is; revenues: $48.04 billion, expenditures: $57.21 billion (2016 estimate). Taxes and other revenues are 24% of GDP (2016 estimate).
The budget deficit (Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)) is .
The fiscal year in Vietnam is calendar year.
In country’s economy, we have to consider the public debt. Public debt is the consolidated sum of the state local, federal and central governments debt.
Inflation rate and prime lending rate in Vietnam
A few further interesting and important economic data are the fallowing; Inflation rate: 2.8% (2016 estimate), 0.9% (2015 estimate) and the rate of the Commercial bank prime lending rate: 6.8% (31 December 2016 estimate).
Export/import partners and data of Vietnam
Vietnam, with the export of products, industrial tools, and other services, generates revenue. The export value in Vietnam is: $169.2 billion (2016 estimate), $162.1 billion (2015 estimate). The total revenue of these activities: clothes, shoes, electronics, seafood, crude oil, rice, coffee, wooden products, machinery.
The most important imported products are: machinery and equipment, petroleum products, steel products, raw materials for the clothing and shoe industries, electronics, plastics, automobiles, and the countries from where the import is coming: China 34.1%, South Korea 14.3%, Singapore 6.5%, Japan 6.4%, Hong Kong 5.1%, Thailand 4.5% (2015).
Renewable energies used in Vietnam
As an attempt to suppress the pollution of the environment, renewable energies has to replace the fossil energy. The more the proportion of renewable energies in a country means more effort against the pollution. Vietnam, the indicator of how much of country’s produced energy is coming from hydroelectric source is 50.9% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
To indicate how much another renewable energy is produced is the 0.2% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
Telecommunication data of Vietnam, calling code
To maintain the economy, the development of a reliable and modern telecommunications infrastructure is crucial. We can say the following about Vietnam; Vietnam is putting considerable effort into modernization and expansion of its telecommunication systemdomestic: all provincial exchanges are digitalized and connected to Hanoi, Da Nang, and Ho Chi Minh City by fiber-optic cable or microwave radio relay networks; main lines have been increased, and the use of mobile telephones is growing rapidlyinternational: country code - 84; a landing point for the SEA-ME-WE-3, the C2C, and Thailand-Vietnam-Hong Kong submarine cable systems; the Asia-America Gateway submarine cable system, completed in 2009, provided new access links to Asia and the US; satellite earth stat (2015).
Transport infrastructure in Vietnam
In the 21st century, we often say that the world has become small and there are no distances anymore. With widespread air travel when (sometimes) there are no visa restrictions, it is easy to reach other countries, but in case the distance is not too long, we can also use railway or water transportation.
The number of airports in Vietnam: 45 (2013), and the number of heliports: 1 (2013).
The total length of the roadways in Vietnam: total: 195,468 km, paved: 148,338 km, unpaved: 47,130 km (2013).
The total length of the waterways in Vietnam: 47,130 km (30,831 km weight under 50 tons) (2011).
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Facts & data about Vietnam
Name of the country: conventional long form: Socialist Republic of Vietnam, conventional short form: Vietnam, local long form: Cong Hoa Xa Hoi Chu Nghia Viet Nam, local short form: Viet Namabbreviation: SRV, etymology: "Viet nam" translates as "Viet south" where "Viet" is an ethnic self identification dating to a second century B.C. kingdom and "nam" refers to its location in relation to other Viet kingdoms.
|Abbrevation: Vietnam||Geographic coordinates:
16 10 N, 107 50 E
|Country location: Southeast Asia|
|Capital of Vietnam: Hanoi||GPS of the Capital:
21 02 N 105 51 E
|Position: Southeastern Asia, bordering the Gulf of Thailand, Gulf of Tonkin, and South China Sea, as well as China, Laos, and Cambodia|
|Land area: total: 331,210 sq km; land: 310,070 sq km, water: 21,140 sq km||Terrain: low, flat delta in south and north; central highlands; hilly, mountainous in far north and northwest
||Area comparative: about three times the size of Tennesee; slightly larger than New Mexico|
|Population: 95,261,021 (July 2016 estimate)||Population grow rate: 0.95% (2016 estimate)||Sex ratio: at birth: 1.11 male(s) / female, 0-14 years: 1.11 male(s) / female, 15-24 years: 1.08 male(s) / female, 25-54 years: 1.01 male(s) / female, 55-64 years: 0.85 male(s) / female, 65 years and over: 0.63 male(s) / female, total population: 1 male(s) / female, (2016 estimate)|
|Exports: $169.2 billion (2016 estimate), $162.1 billion (2015 estimate)||Imports: $161 billion (2016 estimate), $154.7 billion (2015 estimate)||Import partners: China 34.1%, South Korea 14.3%, Singapore 6.5%, Japan 6.4%, Hong Kong 5.1%, Thailand 4.5% (2015)|
|Urbanization: urban population: 33.6% of total population (2015)||Major urban area(s): Ho Chi Minh City 7.298 million; HANOI (capital) 3.629 million; Can Tho 1.175 million; Haiphong 1.075 million; Da Nang 952,000; Bien Hoa 834,000 (2015)||Median age: total: 30.1 years; male: 28.9 years, female: 31.2 years (2016 estimate)
|Internet users: total: 49.741 million. Percent of population: 52.7% (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (fixed lines): total subscriptions: 5.9 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 6 (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (mobile, cellular): total: 122 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 129 (July 2015 estimate)|
|Unemployment rate: 3.7% (2016 estimate)||Nationality: Vietnamese (singular and plural) adjective: Vietnamese||National holidays: Independence Day, 2 September (1945)|
|Life expectancy at birth: total population: 73.4 years. Male: 70.9 years, female: 76.2 years (2016 estimate)||Total fertility rate: 1.82 children born / woman (2016 estimate)||Birthrate: 15.7 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate)|
|Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write. Total population: 94.5%; male: 96.3%, female: 92.8% (2015 estimate)||Legal system: civil law system; note - the civil code of 2005 reflects a European-style civil law||Suffrage: 18 years of age, universal|
|Industries: food processing, garments, shoes, machine-building; mining, coal, steel; cement, chemical fertilizer, glass, tires, oil, mobile phones||Industrial production growth rate: 7% (2016 estimate)||GDP real growth rate: 6.1% (2016 estimate) 6.7% (2015 estimate) 6% (2014 estimate)|
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