|Borderline map of Mongolia||Location map of Mongolia||Flag of Mongolia|
Google maps and detailed facts of Mongolia, (MN). This page enables you to explore Mongolia and its border countries (Location: Northern Asia, between China and Russia) through detailed Satellite imagery - fast and easy as never before Google maps.
Find comprehensive information below about this country in its diversity: geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government, and history - All in One Wiki page!
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Mongolia Google Map
The map below shows Mongolia with its cities, towns, highways, main roads, streets and also providing Street Views. To find a location use the form below, type any city or place and to view, just a simple map click on the "Show Map" button.
The Google map above is showing Mongolia with its location: Asia, (geographic coordinates: 46 00 N, 105 00 E) and the international borders of Mongolia; total: 8,082 km. Border countries (total: 2): China 4,630 km, Russia 3,452 km furthermore its inland counties boundaries.
Hint: Have a look at the Street view in Mongolia, or Asia. All you have to do is to drag and pull the little yellow man (named: Pegman) on the Google map above the desired location. After that whenever it is available (more than 50 countries in the world), blue stripes will appear to show the photos and details from Google’s regularly updated data image base.
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About Mongolia in detail
Where is Mongolia?
Mongolia, in case if you are looking on the map under the Coordinates 47 55 N 106 55 E otherwise in Asia, in Northern Asia, between China and Russia.
What is the capital of Mongolia?
The capital city of Mongolia is: Ulaanbaatar.
What is the time in Ulaanbaatar?
It is 13 hours ahead of Washington DC during Standard Time, the timezone of Ulaanbaatar is: UTC+8.
What is the Internet code for Mongolia?
The Top Level Domain (TLD) for Mongolia is: .mn
What is the size of Mongolia?
The territory of Mongolia is total: 1,564,116 sq km; land: 1,553,556 sq km, water: 10,560 sq km.
If we want to describe the size of the territory of Mongolia is slightly smaller than Alaska; more than twice the size of Texas.
If we would like to walk around and discover Mongolia, we can do that by covering the distance of total: 8,082 km.
What is the water coverage of Mongolia?
We have mentioned already on this website, that what percentage of Mongolia is covered by water (see below), and this includes 0 km (landlocked country) coastline.
What is the climate like in Mongolia?
The climate of Mongolia is desert: continental (large daily and seasonal temperature ranges).
Geographical data of Mongolia
The elevation of Mongolia; mean elevation: 1,528 m, elevation extremes; lowest point: Hoh Nuur 560 m, highest point: Nayramadlin Orgil 4,374 m.
The typical geographical details of Mongolia include vast semidesert and desert plains, grassy steppe, mountains in west and southwest; Gobi Desert in south-central.
If we would like to describe the countries location from a different point of view, it is safe to say, and easy to read from a map, Mongolia is landlocked country; strategic location between China and Russia.
Resources and land use of Mongolia
The country’s main mined products are oil, coal, copper, molybdenum, tungsten, phosphates, tin, nickel, zinc, fluorspar, gold, silver, iron. The population partly uses the earlier highlighted land territory and partly left in its natural state: agricultural land: 73%; arable land 0.4%; permanent crops 0%; permanent pasture 72.6%; forest: 7%; other: 20% (2011 estimate).
Population data of Mongolia
The number of inhabitants of Mongolia is 3,031,330 (July 2016 estimate).
If we examine the proportion of population distribution, it is safe to say that N/A.
If we are looking at the proportion of the urbanized and barely populated areas, these are the figures: urban population: 72% of total population (2015).
Most of the population in Mongolia is concentrated in ULAANBAATAR (capital) 1.377 million (2015).
Ethnicity in Mongolia
According to ethnicity details, the ethnic groups in this country are the following: Khalkh 81.9%, Kazak 3.8%, Dorvod 2.7%, Bayad 2.1%, Buryat-Bouriates 1.7%, Zakhchin 1.2%, Dariganga 1%, Uriankhai 1%, other 4.6% (2010 estimate).
Spoken languages in Mongolia
The spoken languages in Mongolia are the following: Khalkha Mongol 90% (official language), Turkic, Russian (1999).
What are the most important religions in Mongolia?
During the general census, researchers examine the churches, according to this: Buddhist 53%, Muslim 3%, Christian 2.2%, Shamanist 2.9%, other 0.4%, none 38.6% (2010 estimate).
Further population data of Mongolia
The proportion of gender and age tells a lot about the society as follows 0-14 years: 26.92% (male 416,053 / female 399,954) 15-24 years: 16.76% (male 256,897 / female 251,160) 25-54 years: 45.45% (male 667,509 / female 710,116) 55-64 years: 6.68% (male 92,781 / female 109,768) 65 years and over: 4.19% (male 51,691 / female 75,401) (2016 estimate). It also a significant factor in a society the population growth rate, which in the case of Mongolia is 1.25% (2016 estimate).
The population growth rate is based on two elements, the birth, and the death rate. In Mongolia the birth rate is 19.6 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate), the death rate 6.3 deaths / 1,000 population (2016 estimate).
In this day and age in the developed societies, the first child borns later compared to the previous centuries and decades, so the childbearing is extended. In Mongolia the average age of mothers at the first childbirth is .
In the best case scenario despite the fact that the birth of the children is postponed, the parents are still able to see their kids grow as the life expectancy is also extended. In the case of Mongolia, these figures are . With the introduction of modern medicine, the vaccinations and the proper hygienic conditions, the infant mortality rate is in a steep decline. The infant mortality statistics in Mongolia are the following: . Relevant data is the budget of healthcare, which is in the case of this country is 4.7% of GDP (2014).
Economic data of Mongolia
If we would like to describe a country, we also have to mention its economy; Foreign direct investment in Mongolia's extractive industries – which are based on extensive deposits of copper, gold, coal, molybdenum, fluorspar, uranium, tin, and tungsten - has transformed Mongolia's landlocked economy from its traditional dependenceSoviet assistance, at its height one-third of GDP, disappeared almost overnight in 1990 and 1991 at the time of the dismantlement of the USSR. The following decade saw Mongolia endure both deep recession, because of political inaction, and natural disasteGrowth averaged nearly 9% per year in 2004-08 largely because of high copper prices globally and new gold production. By late 2008, Mongolia was hit by the global financial crisis and Mongolia's real economy contracted 1.3% in 2009. In early 2009, the IMFThe current government has made restoring investor trust and reviving the economy its top priority, but has failed to invigorate the economy in the face of the large drop off in foreign direct investment, mounting external debt, and a sizeable budget defi.
GDP is an important figure as all the relevant calculations and statistics are based on it. GDP in Mongolia is $11.16 billion (2015 estimate).
An another important indicator is the rate of the GDP growth, which in Mongolia is 0% (2016 estimate) 2.4% (2015 estimate) 7.9% (2014 estimate).
These statistics are affecting the world economy, remember in 2015 when the Chinese real GDP growth rate was worse than expected; The world markets fall, and the Chinese stock exchange was temporally suspended.
A further major factor of a country’s economy, the GDP per capita. In Mongolia this is $12,200 (2016 estimate) $12,300 (2015 estimate) $12,200 (2014 estimate).
In the case of the economy, the Trinity is in common places, such as agriculture, industry, and services.
What are the agricultural products Mongolia produces?
The main agricultural products of Mongolia are wheat, barley, vegetables, forage crops; sheep, goats, cattle, camels, horses.
Regarding the economy, the important segments are construction and construction materials; mining (coal, copper, molybdenum, fluorspar, tin, tungsten, gold); oil; food and beverages; processing of animal products, cashmere and natural fiber manufacturing. The crucial and regularly mentioned GDP is based on construction and construction materials; mining (coal, copper, molybdenum, fluorspar, tin, tungsten, gold); oil; food and beverages; processing of animal products, cashmere and natural fiber manufacturing.
Drinking water source in Mongolia
It is important to mention, that - thanks to the development of the infrastructure -, the rate of potable water improved: urban: 66.4% of population, rural: 59.2% of population, total: 64.4% of population. Unimproved: urban: 33.6% of population, rural: 40.8% of population, total: 35.6% of population (2015 estimate).
Average number of childbirth in Mongolia
In Mongolia the average number of childbirth is 2.13 children born / woman (2016 estimate).
Population, median age, migration, and citizenship in Mongolia
The average age of the population is total: 27.9 years; male: 27.1 years, female: 28.7 years (2016 estimate). The age of adulthood varies in every country of the world in Mongolia it is 18 years of age, universal.
In this age when we are experiencing an unprecedented scale of migration and globalization, it is an important factor the number of new coming immigrants. In Mongolia is -0.8 migrant(s) / 1,000 population (2016 estimate). It is important to know, how to apply for citizenship: citizenship by birth: no. Citizenship by descent only: both parents must be citizens of Mongolia; one parent if born within Mongolia. Dual citizenship recognized: no. Residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years.
Is Mongolia a safe destination? Healthcare services and contagious diseases in Mongolia
Many of the travelers are looking into the healthcare services and contagious diseases of their destinations. In Mongolia density of the hospital beds is 6.8 beds / 1,000 population (2012).
According to WHO rating regarding contagious diseases in Mongolia the N/A.
However, the HIV is not curable but maintainable. Let’s do not forget when the disease surfaced it was a world threatening condition. Unfortunately, in some countries, it is still very high the number of infected patients and fatalities as a result of the disease.
In Mongolia the number of HIV/AIDS deaths: .
Regarding tourism the obesity, not an important issue, but we have to mention among the health statistics, as it is the plague of the 20th and the 21st century. The rate obese adults in Mongolia is 15.7% (2014).
What are the natural hazards Mongolia? Is there any?
The most known natural risks in Mongolia are dust storms; grassland and forest fires; drought; "zud," which is harsh winter conditions.
More interesting facts about Mongolia
A few words about the past, as every country and society its connected to its history; The Mongols gained fame in the 13th century when under Chinggis KHAAN they established a huge Eurasian empire through conquestimate After his death the empire was divided into several powerful Mongol states, but these broke apart in the 14th century. The Mongols eventually retired to their original steppe homelands and in the late 17th century came under Chinese rule. Mongolia won its independence in 1921 with Soviet backing and a communist regime was installed in 1924. The modern country of Mongolia, however, represents only part of the Mongols' historical homeland; today, more ethnic Mongolians live in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region in the People's Republic of China than in Mongolia. Following a peaceful democratic revolution in 1990, the ex-communist Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party (MPRP) - which took the name Mongolian People’s Party (MPP) in 2010 - has competed for political power with the Democratic Party (DP), the main opposition party, and several other smaller parties, including a new party formed by former President ENKHBAYAR, which confusingly adopted for itself the MPRP name. In its most recent Parliamentary elections in June 2016, Mongolians handed the MPP overwhelming control of Parliament, largely pushing out the DP, which had overseen a sharp decline in Mongolia’s economy during its control of Parliament in the preceding years. President ELBEGDORJ, a DP member, will finish his second term as president in 2017, and is not eligible to run for reelection..
In every nation's memory, there are cornerstones that placed the country on the timeline of history. The date of declaration of independence of Mongolia: 11 July 1921 (from China).
The flag and other symbols of Mongolia
The colors, symbols, and animals on the flag usually have a historical background or related to an important milestone or memory of the nation.
This case is not an exception either, three, equal vertical bands of red (hoist side), blue, and red; centered on the hoist-side red band in yellow is the national emblem ("soyombo" - a columnar arrangement of abstract and geometric representation for fire, sun, moon, earth, water, and the yin-yang symbol); blue represents the sky, red symbolizes progress and prosperity.
Apart from the flag, the symbol of the national unity is the national anthem. The main purpose of the anthem is to share the nation's core values, endeavors, and the patriotic feelings.
National symbols of Mongolia: soyombo emblem; national colors: red, blue, yellow.
Constitution of Mongolia
The existence of the nation based on the constitution. Some constitutions knew around the world, like the U.S. Constitution that accepted on 17th of September 1787, in Philadelphia, the Constitution of United States of America.
It is not related to the declaration of independence that was stolen by Nicolas Cage in the movie National Treasure 🙂
What is the legal system of Mongolia?
Most of the times the legal system of a country is in the focus of lawyers. It is a common fact that there are two main approaches in the world, “the law in books” and “the law in action.”
In the Anglo-Saxon world, the practice is the “law in action” while in the rest of the world where the law based on Roman law, the “law in books.”
The legal system of Mongolia is civil law system influenced by Soviet and Romano-Germanic legal systems; constitution ambiguous on judicial review of legislative acts.
It was Aristotle, who founded the theory of 3 separations of powers. In his view, these are the council of public affairs, the magistrates, and the justice system. In the age of enlightenment was the time when terminologies have been defined, the way we still use them. In most of the democratic countries, the three authorities are separated from each other. In dictatorships, the authorities are usually interwoven in one hand.
About the legislative branch of Mongolia, we can highlight the following structures unicameral State Great Hural or Ulsyn Ikh Khural (76 seats; all members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by simple majority vote; members serve 4-year terms)elections: last held on 29 June 2016 (next to be held in June 2020)election results: MPP 65, DP 9, MPRP 1, independent 1.
About the unemployment rate, labor force, and poverty line in Mongolia
One of the major problems of the 21st-century economy is the unemployment. Governments are struggling to maintain a low level of the unemployment rate, but as a result of automation, the cheap 3rd world labor and the outsourcing of workflow, these attempts are failing. In Mongolia the labor force is 1.164 million (2015 estimate). Please bear in mind that the population in Mongolia is total: 21.8 deaths / 1,000 live births; male: 24.9 deaths / 1,000 live births, female: 18.5 deaths / 1,000 live births (2016 estimate) - as we already mentioned above.
The rate of unemployment in Mongolia is 8.3% (2015 estimate).
It is widely known that the gap between the rich and poor is widening on an enormous scale.
According to the 2017 shocking Oxfam report, the richest eight people’s fortune is equal to the fortune of the poorest half of the world's population.
In Mongolia, the income of the households and consumption compared to the entire population: lowest 10%: 3% highhest 10%: 28.4% (2008).
Another widely used indicator is the so-called GINI index, which measures the inequalities of statistical dispersion, but mainly used for measuring the sharing of income and fortune.
The GINI index is named after its founder Corrado Gini an Italian economist. Gini index has grades between 0-1, but often it is used on a percentage basis. It is 0 if the examined criteria territorial distribution is equal. It is one if the criteria is concentrated on the territory. In Mongolia the GINI index is .36,5 (2008).
The states usually set up a poverty line, which is more or less is a subjective measure. It varies by country its base is often the minimum pension, the incomes of the poorest 20 percent, the X percent of income per capita Etc.
In Mongolia the people living under the poverty line is lowest 10%: 3% highhest 10%: 28.4% (2008).
About the budget and central governments debt of Mongolia
Available budget mainly defines the state's economy. The budget of Mongolia is; revenues: $2.868 billion, expenditures: $4.035 billion (2016 estimate). Taxes and other revenues are 25.7% of GDP (2016 estimate).
The budget deficit (Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)) is .
The fiscal year in Mongolia is calendar year.
In country’s economy, we have to consider the public debt. Public debt is the consolidated sum of the state local, federal and central governments debt.
Inflation rate and prime lending rate in Mongolia
A few further interesting and important economic data are the fallowing; Inflation rate: 2.4% (2016 estimate), 5.8% (2015 estimate) and the rate of the Commercial bank prime lending rate: 19.3% (31 December 2016 estimate).
Export/import partners and data of Mongolia
Mongolia, with the export of products, industrial tools, and other services, generates revenue. The export value in Mongolia is: $4.319 billion (2016 estimate), $4.619 billion (2015 estimate). The total revenue of these activities: copper, apparel, livestock, animal products, cashmere, wool, hides, fluorspar, other nonferrous metals, coal, crude oil.
The most important export partners of Mongolia are the China 84%, Switzerland 9% (2015).
The most important imported products are: machinery and equipment, fuel, cars, food products, industrial consumer goods, chemicals, building materials, cigarettes and tobacco, appliances, soap and detergent, and the countries from where the import is coming: China 39.9%, Russia 28.4%, Japan 6.4%, South Korea 6.2% (2015).
Renewable energies used in Mongolia
As an attempt to suppress the pollution of the environment, renewable energies has to replace the fossil energy. The more the proportion of renewable energies in a country means more effort against the pollution. Mongolia, the indicator of how much of country’s produced energy is coming from hydroelectric source is 0% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
To indicate how much another renewable energy is produced is the 0.2% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
Telecommunication data of Mongolia, calling code
To maintain the economy, the development of a reliable and modern telecommunications infrastructure is crucial. We can say the following about Mongolia; network is improving with international direct dialing available in many areas; a fiber-optic network has been installed that is improving broadband and communication services between major urban centers with multiple companies providing inter-city fiber-domestic: very low fixed-line teledensity; there are multiple mobile-cellular providers and subscribership is increasinginternational: country code - 976; satellite earth stations - 7 (2015).
Transport infrastructure in Mongolia
In the 21st century, we often say that the world has become small and there are no distances anymore. With widespread air travel when (sometimes) there are no visa restrictions, it is easy to reach other countries, but in case the distance is not too long, we can also use railway or water transportation.
The number of airports in Mongolia: 44 (2013), and the number of heliports: 1 (2013).
The total length of the roadways in Mongolia: total: 49,249 km, paved: 4,800 km, unpaved: 44,449 km (2013).
The total length of the waterways in Mongolia: 580 km (the only waterway in operation is Lake Hovsgol) (135 km); Selenge River (270 km) and Orhon River (175 km) are navigable but carry little traffic; lakes and rivers ice free from May to September) (2010).
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Facts about Mongolia
Name of the country: conventional long form: none, conventional short form: Mongolia, local long form: none, local short form: Mongol Uls, former: Outer Mongolia, etymology: the name means "Land of the Mongols" in Latin; the Mongolian name Mongol Uls translates as "Mongol State".
|Abbrevation: Mongolia||Geographic coordinates:
46 00 N, 105 00 E
|Capital of Mongolia: Ulaanbaatar||GPS of the Capital:
47 55 N 106 55 E
|Position: Northern Asia, between China and Russia|
|Land area: total: 1,564,116 sq km; land: 1,553,556 sq km, water: 10,560 sq km||Terrain: vast semidesert and desert plains, grassy steppe, mountains in west and southwest; Gobi Desert in south-central
||Area comparative: slightly smaller than Alaska; more than twice the size of Texas|
|Population: 3,031,330 (July 2016 estimate)||Population grow rate: 1.25% (2016 estimate)||Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s) / female, 0-14 years: 1.04 male(s) / female, 15-24 years: 1.02 male(s) / female, 25-54 years: 0.94 male(s) / female, 55-64 years: 0.85 male(s) / female, 65 years and over: 0.69 male(s) / female, total population: 0.96 male(s) / female, (2016 estimate)|
|Exports: $4.319 billion (2016 estimate), $4.619 billion (2015 estimate)||Imports: $3.003 billion (2016 estimate), $3.512 billion (2015 estimate)||Import partners: China 39.9%, Russia 28.4%, Japan 6.4%, South Korea 6.2% (2015)|
|Urbanization: urban population: 72% of total population (2015)||Major urban area(s): ULAANBAATAR (capital) 1.377 million (2015)||Median age: total: 27.9 years; male: 27.1 years, female: 28.7 years (2016 estimate)
|Internet users: total: 642,000. Percent of population: 21.4% (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (fixed lines): total subscriptions: 255,634. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 9 (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (mobile, cellular): total: 3.068 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 103 (July 2015 estimate)|
|Unemployment rate: 8.3% (2015 estimate)||Nationality: Mongolian(s) adjective: Mongolian||National holidays: Independence Day/Revolution Day, 11 July (1921)|
|Life expectancy at birth: total population: 69.6 years. Male: 65.4 years, female: 74.1 years (2016 estimate)||Total fertility rate: 2.13 children born / woman (2016 estimate)||Birthrate: 19.6 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate)|
|Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write. Total population: 98.4%; male: 98.2%, female: 98.6% (2015 estimate)||Legal system: civil law system influenced by Soviet and Romano-Germanic legal systems; constitution ambiguous on judicial review of legislative acts||Suffrage: 18 years of age, universal|
|Industries: construction and construction materials; mining (coal, copper, molybdenum, fluorspar, tin, tungsten, gold); oil; food and beverages; processing of animal products, cashmere and natural fiber manufacturing||Industrial production growth rate: 4.9% (2016 estimate)||GDP real growth rate: 0% (2016 estimate) 2.4% (2015 estimate) 7.9% (2014 estimate)|
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