|Borderline map of India||Location map of India||Flag of India|
Google maps and detailed facts of India (IN). This page enables you to explore India and its border countries (Country Location: Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal, between Burma and Pakistan) through detailed Satellite imagery – fast and easy as never before Google maps.
Find comprehensive information below about this country in its diversity: Google maps, geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government, and history – All in One Wiki page.
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India Google maps™
The map below shows India with its cities, towns, highways, main roads, streets, and Street Views. To find a location, use the form below, type any city or place, view just a simple map, and click on the “show map” button.
The Google map above shows India with its location: Asia (geographic coordinates: 20 00 N, 77 00 E) and the international borders of India; total: 13,888 km. Border countries (total: 6): Bangladesh 4,142 km, Bhutan 659 km, Burma 1,468 km, China 2,659 km, Nepal 1,770 km, Pakistan 3,190 km; furthermore, it’s inland counties boundaries.
Hint: Look at the Street view in India or Asia. All you have to do is drag and pull the little yellow man (named: Pegman) on the Google map above the desired location. After that, whenever it is available (more than 50 countries globally), blue stripes will appear to show the photos and details from Google’s regularly updated data image base. In case if you have signed in to your Google account currently, you may have a look at the satellite map of this country/area as well.
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About India in detail
Where is India?
What is the capital city of India?
The capital city of India is New Delhi.
What is the time in New Delhi?
It is 10.5 hours ahead of Washington, D.C., during Standard Time. The timezone of New Delhi is UTC+5.5.
What is the Internet code for India?
The Top Level Domain (TLD) for India is: .in
What is the size of India?
The territory of India is total: 3,287,263 sq km; land: 2,973,193 sq km, water: 314,070 sq km.
If we want to describe India’s territory’s size as slightly more than one-third of the US’s size.
If we would like to walk around and discover India, we can do that by covering a total of 13,888 km.
What is the water coverage of India?
We have already mentioned what percentage of India is covered by water (see below), including a 7,000 km coastline.
What is the climate like in India?
The climate of India varies from tropical monsoon in the south to temperate in the north.
Geographical data of India
India’s elevation; mean elevation: 160 m, elevation extremes; lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m, highest point: Kanchenjunga 8,598 m.
India’s specific geographical details include upland plain (Deccan Plateau) in the south, flat to rolling plain along the Ganges, deserts in west, the Himalayas in the north.
Suppose we would like to describe the countries location from a different perspective. In that case, it is safe to say, and easy to read from a map, India dominates the South Asian subcontinent; near important Indian Ocean trade routes; Kanchenjunga, the third tallest mountain in the world, lies on the border with Nepal.
Resources and land use of India
The country’s main mined products are coal (fourth-largest reserves in the world), iron ore, manganese, mica, bauxite, rare earth elements, titanium ore, chromite, natural gas, diamonds, petroleum, limestone, arable land. The population partly uses the earlier highlighted land territory and partly left in its natural state: agricultural land: 60.5%; arable land 52.8%; permanent crops 4.2%; permanent pasture 3.5%; forest: 23.1%; other: 16.4% (2011 estimate).
Population data of India
The number of inhabitants of India is 1,266,883,598 (July 2016 estimate).
If we examine the proportion of the population distribution, it is safe to say that N/A.
If we look at the proportion of the urbanized and barely populated areas, these are the figures: urban population: 32.7% of the total population (2015).
Most of India’s population is concentrated in NEW DELHI (capital) 25.703 million; Mumbai 21.043 million; Kolkata 11.766 million; Bangalore 10.087 million; Chennai 9.62 million; Hyderabad 8.944 million (2015).
Ethnicity in India
According to ethnicity details, the ethnic groups are Indo-Aryan 72%, Dravidian 25%, Mongoloid and other 3% (2000).
Spoken languages in India
The spoken languages in India are the following: Hindi 41%, Bengali 8.1%, Telugu 7.2%, Marathi 7%, Tamil 5.9%, Urdu 5%, Gujarati 4.5%, Kannada 3.7%, Malayalam 3.2%, Oriya 3.2%, Punjabi 2.8%, Assamese 1.3%, Maithili 1.2%, other 5.9%. Note: English enjoys the status of subsidiary official language but is the most important language for national, political, and commercial communication; Hindi is the most widely spoken language and primary tongue of 41% of the people; there are 14 other official languages: Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, Urdu, Gujarati, Malayalam, Kannada, Oriya, Punjabi, Assamese, Kashmiri, Sindhi, and Sanskrit; Hindustani is a popular variant of Hindi/Urdu spoken widely throughout northern India but is not an official language (2001 census).
What are the most important religions in India?
During the general census, researchers examine the churches, according to this: Hindu 79.8%, Muslim 14.2%, Christian 2.3%, Sikh 1.7%, other and unspecified 2% (2011 estimate).
Further population data of India
The proportion of gender and age tells a lot about the society as follows 0-14 years: 27.71% (male 186,420,229 / female 164,611,755) 15-24 years: 17.99% (male 121,009,850 / female 106,916,692) 25-54 years: 40.91% (male 267,203,029 / female 251,070,105) 55-64 years: 7.3% (male 46,398,574 / female 46,105,489) 65 years and over: 6.09% (male 36,549,003 / female 40,598,872) (2016 estimate). It also a significant factor in a society the population growth rate, which in the case of India is 1.19% (2016 estimate).
The population growth rate is based on two elements, the birth, and the death rate. In India the birth rate is 19.3 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate), the death rate 7.3 deaths / 1,000 population (2016 estimate).
In this day and age in developed societies, the first child borns later compared to the previous centuries and decades, so childbearing is extended. In India, the average age of mothers at the first childbirth is N/A.
Although the children’s birth is postponed in the best-case scenario, the parents can still see their kids grow as life expectancy also extended. In the case of India, these figures are. With the introduction of modern medicine, vaccinations, and the proper hygienic conditions, the infant mortality rate is in a steep decline. The infant mortality statistics in India are the following: Relevant data is the budget of healthcare, which is in this country’s case is 4.7% of GDP (2014).
Economic data of India
Suppose we would like to describe a country. We also have to mention its economy; India’s diverse economy encompasses traditional village farming, modern agriculture, handicrafts, a wide range of modern industries, and many services. Slightly less than half of the workforce is in agriculture. Still, benefits are the significant source India is developing into an open-market economy, yet traces of its past autarkic policies remain. Economic liberalization measures, including industrial deregulation, privatization of state-owned enterprises, and reduced controls on foreign trade and ingrowth, rebounded in 2014 through 2016, exceeding 7% each year. Investors’ perceptions of India improved in early 2014 due to a reduction of the current account deficit and expectations of post-election economic reform, resulting in a surge of the inbound outlook for India’s long-term growth is moderately positive due to a young population and corresponding low dependency ratio, healthy savings and investment rates, and increasing integration into the global economy.
GDP is a prominent figure, as all the relevant calculations and statistics are based on it. GDP in India is $2.251 trillion (2015 estimate).
Another important indicator is the rate of GDP growth, which in India is 7.6% (2016 estimate), 7.6% (2015 estimate) 7.2% (2014 estimate).
These statistics affect the world economy; remember, in 2015, the Chinese real GDP growth rate was worse than expected; The world markets fall, and the Chinese stock exchange is temporally suspended.
A further major factor of a country’s economy, the GDP per capita. In India this is $6,700 (2016 estimate) $6,300 (2015 estimate) $5,900 (2014 estimate).
The Trinity is in familiar places in the economy, such as agriculture, industry, and services.
What are the agricultural products India produces?
India’s main agricultural products are rice, wheat, oilseed, cotton, jute, tea, sugarcane, lentils, onions, potatoes, dairy products, sheep, goats, poultry; fish.
The crucial segments are textiles, chemicals, food processing, steel, transportation equipment, cement, mining, petroleum, machinery, software, pharmaceuticals. The critical and regularly mentioned GDP is based on textiles, chemicals, food processing, steel, transportation equipment, cement, mining, petroleum, machinery, software, pharmaceuticals.
Drinking water source in India
It is essential to mention that – thanks to the development of the infrastructure -, the rate of potable water improved: urban: 97.1% of the population, rural: 92.6% of the people, total: 94.1% of the community. Unimproved: urban: 2.9% of the people, rural: 7.4% of the population, total: 5.9% of the population (2015 estimate).
The average number of childbirth in India
In India, the average delivery number is 2.45 children born / woman (2016 estimate).
Population, median age, migration, and citizenship in India
The population’s average age is 27.6 years; male: 26.9 years, female: 28.3 years (2016 estimate). The age of adulthood varies in every country of the world. In India, it is 18 years of age, universal.
When we are experiencing an unprecedented scale of migration and globalization, it is an important factor in the number of new immigrants. In India is 0 migrant(s) / 1,000 population (2016 estimate). It is important to know how to apply for citizenship: citizenship by birth: no. Citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of India. Dual citizenship recognized: no—residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years.
Is India a safe destination? Healthcare services and infectious diseases in India
Many of the travelers are looking into the healthcare services and infectious diseases of their destinations. In India, the hospital beds’ density is 0.7 beds / 1,000 population (2011).
According to the WHO rating regarding contagious diseases in India, the degree of risk: very high food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, Japanese encephalitis, and malaria water contact disease: leptospirosis animal contact disease: rabies (2016).
However, HIV is not curable but maintainable. Let’s do not forget when the disease surfaced; it was a world threatening condition. Unfortunately, in some countries, it is still very high the number of infected patients and fatalities due to the disease.
In India, the number of HIV/AIDS deaths: N/A.
Regarding tourism obesity, not an important issue, but we have to mention health statistics, as it is the plague of the 20th and the 21st century. The rate of obese adults in India is 4.7% (2014).
What are the natural hazards in India? Is there any?
India’s most known natural risks are droughts; flash floods, and widespread and destructive flooding from monsoonal rains; severe thunderstorms; earthquakes, volcanism: Barren Island (elevation 354 m) in the Andaman Sea has been active in recent years.
More interesting facts about India
A few words about the past, as every country and society, is connected to its history; The Indus Valley civilization, one of the world’s oldest, flourished during the 3rd and 2nd millennia B.C. and extended into northwestern India. Aryan tribes from the northwest infiltrated the Indian subcontinent about 1500 B.C.; their merger with the earlier Dravidian inhabitants created the classical Indian culture. The Maurya Empire of the 4th and 3rd centuries B.C. reached its zenith under ASHOKA – united much of South Asia. The Golden Age ushered in by the Gupta dynasty (4th to 6th centuries A.D.) saw a flowering of Indian science, art, and culture. Islam spread across the subcontinent for 700 years.
In the 10th and 11th centuries, Turks and Afghans invaded India and established the Delhi Sultanate. In the early 16th century, Emperor BABUR established the Mughal Dynasty, which ruled India for more than three centuries. European explorers began establishing footholds in India during the 16th century. By the 19th century, Great Britain had become the dominant political power on the subcontinent. The British Indian Army played a vital role in both World Wars. Years of nonviolent resistance to British rule, led by Mohandas GANDHI and Jawaharlal NEHRU, eventually resulted in Indian independence, which was granted in 1947. Large-scale communal violence occurred before and after the subcontinent partition into two separate states – India and Pakistan.
The neighboring nations have fought three wars since independence, the last of which was in 1971 and resulted in East Pakistan becoming the separate nation of Bangladesh. India’s nuclear weapons tests in 1998 emboldened Pakistan to conduct its tests that same year. In November 2008, terrorists originating from Pakistan conducted a series of coordinated attacks in Mumbai, India’s financial capital. Despite pressing problems such as significant overpopulation, environmental degradation, extensive poverty, and widespread corruption, economic growth following the launch of economic reforms in 1991, and a massive youthful population drives India’s emergence as a regional and global power.
In every nation’s memory, some cornerstones placed the country on the timeline of history. The date of declaration of independence of India: 15 August 1947 (from the UK).
The flag and other symbols of India
The colors, symbols, and animals on the flag usually have a historical background or an important milestone or memory of the nation.
This case is not an exception, either. Three equal horizontal bands of saffron (subdued orange) (top), white, and green, with a blue chakra (24-spoked wheel) centered in the white band; saffron represents courage, sacrifice, and the spirit of renunciation; white signifies purity and truth; green stands for faith and fertility; the blue chakra symbolizes the wheel of life in movement and death in stagnation. Note: similar to the flag of Niger, which has a small orange disk centered in the white band.
Apart from the flag, the symbol of national unity is the national anthem. The anthem’s primary purpose is to share the nation’s core values, endeavors, and patriotic feelings.
National symbols of India: the Lion Capital of Ashoka, which depicts four Asiatic lions standing back to back mounted on a circular abacus, is the official emblem; Bengal tiger; lotus flower; national colors: saffron, white, green.
Constitution of India
The existence of the nation is based on the constitution. Like the U.S. Constitution, some constitutions knew worldwide that was accepted on the 17th of September 1787, in Philadelphia, the United States of America’s Constitution.
It is not related to the declaration of independence that was stolen by Nicolas Cage in the movie National Treasure 🙂
What is the legal system of India?
Most of the time, the legal system of a country is the focus of lawyers. It is a common fact that there are two main approaches in the world, “the law in books” and “the law in action.”
In the Anglo-Saxon world, the practice is the “law in action,” while in the rest of the world, the law is based on Roman law, the “law in books.”
India’s legal system is a standard law system based on the English model; separate personal law codes apply to Muslims, Christians, and Hindus; judicial review of legislative acts.
It was Aristotle who founded the Theory of 3 separations of powers. In his view, these are the council of public affairs, the magistrates, and the justice system. The age of enlightenment was the time when terminologies have defined the way we still use them. In most democratic countries, the three authorities separated from each other. In dictatorships, the rules usually interweaved in one hand.
About the legislative branch of India, we can highlight the following structures bicameral Parliament or Sansad consists of the Council of States or Rajya Sabha (245 seats; 233 members indirectly elected by state and territorial assemblies by proportional representation vote, and 12 members appointed by the president; members serve 6-year terms) and the House of the People or Lok Sabha (545 seats; 543 members directly elected in single-seat constituencies by simple majority vote and 2 appointed by the president; members serve 5-year terms).
About the unemployment rate, labor force, and poverty line in India
One of the major problems of the 21st-century economy is unemployment. Governments are struggling to maintain a low level of the unemployment rate. Still, as a result of automation, the cheap 3rd world labor, and the outsourcing of workflow, these attempts fail. In India, the labor force is 513.7 million (2016 estimate). Please bear in mind that the population in India is total: 40.5 deaths / 1,000 live births; male: 39.2 deaths / 1,000 live births, female: 41.8 deaths / 1,000 live births (2016 estimate) – as we already mentioned above.
The rate of unemployment in India is 8.4% (2016 estimate).
Widely known that the gap between the rich and poor is widening on an enormous scale.
According to the 2017 shocking Oxfam report, the most prosperous eight people’s fortune is equal to the wealth of the poorest half of the world’s population.
In India, households and consumption income compared to the entire population: lowest 10%: 3.6% highest 10%: 31.1% (2005).
Another widely used indicator is the so-called GINI index, which measures the inequalities of statistical dispersion, but is mainly used for measuring the sharing of income and fortune.
The GINI index was named after its founder Corrado Gini, an Italian economist. Gini index has grades between 0-1, but often it is used on a percentage basis. It is 0 if the examined criteria territorial distribution is equal. It is one of the criteria concentrated on the territory. In India, the GINI index is .33,6 (2012).
The states usually set up a poverty line, which is more or less, is a subjective measure. It varies by country; its base is often the minimum pension, the incomes of the most deficient 20 percent, the X percent of income per capita Etc.
In India, the poverty line people are the lowest 10%: 3.6% highest 10%: 31.1% (2005).
About the budget and central governments debt of India
The available budget mainly defines the state’s economy. India’s budget is; revenues: $200.1 billion, expenditures: $283.1 billion (2016 estimate). Taxes and other revenues are 8.9% of GDP (2016 estimate).
The budget deficit (Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)) is N/A.
The fiscal year in India is 1 April – 31 March.
In the country’s economy, we have to consider the public debt. Public debt is the consolidated sum of the state’s local, federal, and central government debt.
Inflation rate and prime lending rate in India
A few further interesting and relevant economic data are the following; Inflation rate: 5.6% (2016 estimate), 4.9% (2015 estimate), and the rate of the Commercial bank prime lending rate: 9.3% (31 December 2016 estimate).
Export/import partners and data of India
India, with the export of products, industrial tools, and other services, generates revenue. The export value in India is: $271.6 billion (2016 estimate), $272.4 billion (2015 estimate). The total revenue of these activities: petroleum products, precious stones, vehicles, machinery, iron and steel, chemicals, pharmaceutical products, cereals, apparel.
The most important imported products are crude oil, precious stones, machinery, chemicals, fertilizer, plastics, iron and steel, and the countries from where the import is coming: China 15.5%, United Arab Emirates 5.5%, Saudi Arabia 5.4%, Switzerland 5.3%, the United States 5.2% (2015).
Renewable energies used in India
To suppress the pollution of the environment, renewable energies have to replace the fossil energy. The more the proportion of renewable energies in a country means more effort against pollution. India, the indicator of how much of the country’s produced energy is coming from the hydroelectric source, is 16.9% of total installed capacity (26 February 2014 ).
To indicate how much another renewable energy produced is 12.4% of total installed capacity (26 February 2014 ).
Telecommunication data of India, calling code
To maintain the economy, the development of a reliable and modern telecommunications infrastructure is crucial. We can say the following about India; supported by recent deregulation and liberalization of telecommunications laws and policies, India has emerged as one of the fastest-growing telecom markets in the world; total telephone subscribership base exceeded 1 billion in 2015, an overall teledensity. Domestic: mobile cellular service introduced in 1994 and organized nationwide into four metropolitan areas and 19 telecom circles, each with multiple private service providers and one or more state-owned service providers; in recent years, significant trunk capacity. International: country code – 91; many major global submarine cable systems, including SEA-ME-WE-3 with landing sites at Cochin and Mumbai (Bombay), SEA-ME-WE-4 with a landing site at Chennai, Fiber-Optic Link Around the Globe (FLAG) with a landing site at (2015).
Transport infrastructure in India
In the 21st century, we often say that the world has become small and there are no distances anymore. With widespread air travel when (sometimes) there are no visa restrictions, it is easy to reach other countries, but if the distance is not too long, we can also use railway or water transportation.
The number of airports in India: 346 (2013), and the number of heliports: 45 (2013).
India’s roadways: total: 4,699,024 km, note: includes 96,214 km of national highways and expressways, 147,800 km of state highways, and 4,455,010 km of other roads (2015).
India’s waterways’ total length is 14,500 km (5,200 km on major rivers and 485 km on canals suitable for mechanized vessels) (2012).
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Facts & data about India
Name of the country: conventional long way: the Republic of India, traditional short form: India, local long way: Republic of India/Bharatiya Ganarajya, local short state: India/Bharat, etymology: the English name derives from the Indus River; the Indian word “Bharat” may derive from the “Bharatas” tribe mentioned in the Vedas of the second millennium B.C.; the name is also associated with Emperor Bharata, the legendary conqueror of all of India.
|Abbreviation: India||Geographic coordinates:|
20 00 N, 77 00 E
|Country Location: Asia|
|Capital of India: New Delhi||GPS of the Capital:|
28 36 N 77 12 E
|Position: Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal, between Burma and Pakistan|
|Land area: total: 3,287,263 sq km; land: 2,973,193 sq km, water: 314,070 sq km||Terrain: upland plain (Deccan Plateau) in south, flat to rolling plain along the Ganges, deserts in west, Himalayas in north||Area comparative: slightly more than one-third the size of the US|
|Population: 1,266,883,598 (July 2016 estimate)||Population grow rate: 1.19% (2016 estimate)||Sex ratio: at birth: 1.12 male(s) / female, 0-14 years: 1.13 male(s) / female, 15-24 years: 1.13 male(s) / female, 25-54 years: 1.06 male(s) / female, 55-64 years: 1.01 male(s) / female, 65 years and over: 0.9 male(s) / female, total population: 1.08 male(s) / female (2016 estimate)|
|Exports: $271.6 billion (2016 estimate), $272.4 billion (2015 estimate)||Imports: $402.4 billion (2016 estimate), $409.2 billion (2015 estimate)||Import partners: China 15.5%, UAE 5.5%, Saudi Arabia 5.4%, Switzerland 5.3%, US 5.2% (2015)|
|Urbanization: urban population: 32.7% of the total population (2015)||Major urban area(s): NEW DELHI (capital) 25.703 million; Mumbai 21.043 million; Kolkata 11.766 million; Bangalore 10.087 million; Chennai 9.62 million; Hyderabad 8.944 million (2015)||Median age: total: 27.6 years; male: 26.9 years, female: 28.3 years (2016 estimate)|
|Internet users: total: 325.441 million. Percent of the population: 26% (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (fixed-lines): total subscriptions: 25.518 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 2 (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (mobile, cellular): total: 1,011.054 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 81 (July 2015 estimate)|
|Unemployment rate: 8.4% (2016 estimate)||Nationality: Indian(s) adjective: Indian||National holidays: Republic Day, 26 January (1950)|
|Life expectancy at birth: total population: 68.5 years. Male: 67.3 years, female: 69.8 years (2016 estimate)||Total fertility rate: 2.45 children born / woman (2016 estimate)||Birthrate: 19.3 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate)|
|Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write. Total population: 71.2%; male: 81.3%, female: 60.6% (2015 estimate)||Legal system: common law system based on the English model; separate personal law codes apply to Muslims, Christians, and Hindus; judicial review of legislative acts||Suffrage: 18 years of age, universal|
|Industries: textiles, chemicals, food processing, steel, transportation equipment, cement, mining, petroleum, machinery, software, pharmaceuticals||Industrial production growth rate: 7.4% (2016 estimate)||GDP real growth rate: 7.6% (2016 estimate) 7.6% (2015 estimate) 7.2% (2014 estimate)|
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